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Trauma, Violence & Abuse

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26296740/association-between-substance-use-and-the-perpetration-of-family-violence-in-industrialized-countries-a-systematic-review
#1
Vandhana Choenni, Alice Hammink, Dike van de Mheen
This review examines the association between alcohol and illicit drug use and the perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) and child maltreatment (CM). In clinical populations, alcohol use is related to IPV, although other variables are also known to influence this relationship. Studies in specialized social/health care and in the community have also demonstrated the association between alcohol use and IPV. Although data on the association between illicit drug use and IPV are less clear, in most studies perpetration seems related to the use of cannabis and cocaine...
January 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26232295/mental-health-help-seeking-among-traumatized-individuals-a-systematic-review-of-studies-assessing-the-role-of-substance-use-and-abuse
#2
Carissa van den Berk-Clark, David Patterson Silver Wolf
OBJECTIVE: Prior research has suggested that competing neurobehavioral decision-making processes might affect health outcomes among traumatized populations. Regulatory imbalances to impulsive and executive decision systems are affected by high levels of stress, including stress resulting from traumatic events. Such regulatory imbalances have been associated with addictive behaviors. However, it is not well known whether addictive behavior increases or decreases the likelihood of utilization of behavioral health services among traumatized populations...
January 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26209095/baby-factories-in-nigeria-starting-the-discussion-toward-a-national-prevention-policy
#3
Olusesan Ayodeji Makinde, Olalekan Olaleye, Olufunmbi Olukemi Makinde, Svetlana S Huntley, Brandon Brown
Baby factories and baby harvesting are relatively new terms that involve breeding, trafficking, and abuse of infants and their biological mothers. Since it was first described in a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization report in Nigeria in 2006, several more baby factories have been discovered over the years. Infertile women are noted to be major patrons of these baby factories due to the stigmatization of childless couples in Southern Nigeria and issues around cultural acceptability of surrogacy and adoption...
January 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26206794/assessing-adult-exposure-to-community-violence-a-review-of-definitions-and-measures
#4
Christopher R DeCou, Shannon M Lynch
OBJECTIVE: Although experiences of community violence are linked with negative outcomes for adults and children, few standardized measures assessing community violence exist, and available measures lack consistency concerning the definition of community violence. Further, most measures currently utilized to assess adult exposure to community violence were designed for use with children and adolescents. To address these identified concerns and make recommendations for future research, this article reviews contemporary definitions of community violence, identifies the outcomes of exposure to community violence for adults, and evaluates measures of exposure to community violence with published psychometric data employing adult samples...
January 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26206793/a-self-regulation-model-of-sexual-grooming
#5
Ian A Elliott
A preparatory process is widely accepted to be a common feature in the perpetration of sexual offenses. Numerous commentators, however, have documented the difficulties in defining and understanding this process, given its transient nature and its specificity to this one form of criminal behavior. This theoretical review aims to provide a universal model of a grooming process for the achievement of illicit or illegal goals in which achievement requires the compliance or submission of another individual-one that can be applied both to the sexual offending process and beyond...
January 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26092753/a-systematic-review-of-research-strategies-used-in-qualitative-studies-on-school-bullying-and-victimization
#6
Desmond Upton Patton, Jun Sung Hong, Sadiq Patel, Michael J Kral
School bullying and victimization are serious social problems in schools. Most empirical studies on bullying and peer victimization are quantitative and examine the prevalence of bullying, associated risk and protective factors, and negative outcomes. Conversely, there is limited qualitative research on the experiences of children and adolescents related to school bullying and victimization. We review qualitative research on school bullying and victimization published between 2004 and 2014. Twenty-four empirical research studies using qualitative methods were reviewed...
January 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26084284/the-mental-health-consequences-of-mass-shootings
#7
Sarah R Lowe, Sandro Galea
Mass shooting episodes have increased over recent decades and received substantial media coverage. Despite the potentially widespread and increasing mental health impact of mass shootings, no efforts to our knowledge have been made to review the empirical literature on this topic. We identified 49 peer-reviewed articles, comprised of 27 independent samples in the aftermath of 15 mass shooting incidents. Based on our review, we concluded that mass shootings are associated with a variety of adverse psychological outcomes in survivors and members of affected communities...
January 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26045580/the-impact-of-inmate-and-prison-characteristics-on-prisoner-victimization
#8
Benjamin Steiner, Jared M Ellison, H Daniel Butler, Calli M Cain
A considerable amount of research has been directed at understanding the sources of inmate misconduct (offending within prison), whereas few studies have focused on identifying the causes and correlates of prisoner victimization. The sources of inmate victimization should be distinguished from those of offending, however, because the policy implications of each focus differ to some extent. In order to determine the predictors of inmate victimization and stimulate further research on the topic, we systematically reviewed studies of the causes/correlates of prisoner victimization published between 1980 and 2014...
January 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26346748/housing-relocation-policy-and-violence-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Andrea Casas, Jessica Duell, Teagen O'Malley, Patricia Documet, Richard Garland, Steven Albert, Anthony Fabio
This article summarizes and reviews the cross-discipline literature on violent crime in destination neighborhoods postrelocation in order to build a more comprehensive picture of risk factors for violence, as well as how and why housing policies influence risk of violence. High rates of violent crime continue to be a persistent problem in areas of concentrated poverty and public housing. Modern housing programs such as Moving to Opportunity and Housing Opportunities for People Everywhere are popular interventions for reducing the density of low-income people receiving public housing assistance by relocating residents of distressed housing projects...
December 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26123004/trauma-center-based-youth-violence-prevention-programs-an-integrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Judy Nanette Mikhail, Lynne Sheri Nemeth
OBJECTIVE: Youth violence recidivism remains a significant public health crisis in the United States. Violence prevention is a requirement of all trauma centers, yet little is known about the effectiveness of these programs. Therefore, this systematic review summarizes the effectiveness of trauma center-based youth violence prevention programs. METHODS: A systematic review of articles from MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PsychINFO databases was performed to identify eligible control trials or observational studies...
December 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26028651/systematic-review-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-survivors-of-the-wenchuan-earthquake
#11
REVIEW
Chunlan Hong, Thomas Efferth
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) widely occurs among victims or witness of disasters. With flashbacks, hyperarousal, and avoidance being the typical symptoms, PTSD became a focus of psychological research. The earthquake in Wenchuan, China, on May 12, 2008, was without precedent in magnitude and aftermath and caused huge damage, which drew scientists' attention to mental health of the survivors. We conducted a systematic overview by collecting published articles from the PubMed database and classifying them into five points: epidemiology, neuropathology, biochemistry, genetics and epigenetics, and treatment...
December 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26009568/the-proximal-effects-of-acute-alcohol-consumption-on-male-to-female-aggression-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-experimental-literature
#12
REVIEW
Cory A Crane, Stephanie A Godleski, Sarahmona M Przybyla, Robert C Schlauch, Maria Testa
The current meta-analytic review examined the experimental literature to quantify the causal effect of acute alcohol consumption on self-reported and observed indicators of male-to-female general, sexual, and intimate partner aggression. Database and reference list searches yielded 22 studies conducted between 1981 and 2014 that met all criteria for inclusion and that were subjected to full text coding for analysis. Results detected a significant overall effect (d = .36), indicating that male participants who consumed alcohol evidenced greater aggressive behavior toward females while completing a subsequent laboratory aggression paradigm than male participants who received no alcohol...
December 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25985990/sexual-risk-behaviors-sexual-offenses-and-sexual-victimization-among-homeless-youth-a-systematic-review-of-associations-with-substance-use
#13
REVIEW
Jessica A Heerde, Sheryl A Hemphill
The use of substances among youth experiencing homelessness is an important issue in the context of addressing the developing burden of morbidities arising due to illness, injury, physical and mental health concerns, and low rates of health care utilization among this population group. Youth experiencing homelessness report engaging in and being victimized by various forms of sexual behavior. Of interest in this systematic review were published studies investigating substance use in its association with perpetration of sexual offenses, engagement in sexual risk behavior, or experience of sexual victimization among homeless youth...
December 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25985988/childhood-maltreatment-and-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Karmel W Choi, Kathleen J Sikkema
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) compromise maternal and child well-being and may be influenced by traumatic experiences across the life course. A potent and common form of trauma is childhood maltreatment, but its specific impact on PMADs is not well understood. A systematic review was undertaken to synthesize empirical literature on the relationship between maternal histories of childhood maltreatment and PMADs. Of the 876 citations retrieved, 35 reports from a total of 26,239 participants met inclusion criteria, documenting substantial rates of childhood maltreatment and PMADs...
December 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25979872/barriers-to-help-seeking-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence
#15
REVIEW
Jenna M Calton, Lauren Bennett Cattaneo, Kris T Gebhard
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pervasive and devastating social problem that is estimated to occur in one of every four opposite-sex relationships and at least one of every five same-sex romantic relationships. These estimates may not represent violence against those who identify as transgender or genderqueer, and very little comprehensive research has been conducted on IPV within these populations. One statewide study on IPV found rates of IPV were as high as one of every two transgender individuals...
December 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25977122/mental-health-consequences-of-childhood-physical-abuse-in-chinese-populations-a-meta-analysis
#16
Patrick Ip, Rosa S Wong, Sophia L Li, Ko Ling Chan, Frederick K Ho, Chun-Bong Chow
OBJECTIVE: Childhood physical abuse (CPA) can lead to adverse mental health outcomes in adulthood, but its potential impact on Chinese populations is still unclear. This meta-analysis is the first to examine the association between CPA and mental health outcomes in Chinese populations. STUDY DESIGN: Studies published before December 31, 2014 were identified from Embase, CINAHL, Scopus, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases. Studies with data on the association between CPA and mental health outcomes from Chinese subjects were included...
December 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25971709/adolescent-to-parent-abuse-as-a-form-of-domestic-violence-a-conceptual-review
#17
REVIEW
Amanda Holt
Across the Global North, adolescent-to-parent abuse (APA) is becoming recognized as a significant social problem and is receiving attention from researchers, policymakers, and practitioners who work in the intersecting fields of juvenile justice, child protection, and domestic violence. One of the key questions shaping current debates concerns the extent to which APA maps onto the contours of domestic violence, in terms of research and theory, policy, and practice. In particular, to what extent can our established ways of working with domestic violence be applied when working with APA? This article begins by reviewing definitions and prevalence rates of APA...
December 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25966969/enhancing-the-impact-of-family-justice-centers-via-motivational-interviewing-an-integrated-review
#18
REVIEW
Catherine A Simmons, Kathryn H Howell, Michael R Duke, J Gayle Beck
The Family Justice Center (FJC) model is an approach to assisting survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) that focuses on integration of services under one roof and co-location of staff members from a range of multidisciplinary agencies. Even though the FJC model is touted as a best practice strategy to help IPV survivors, empirical support for the effectiveness of this approach is scarce. The current article consolidates this small yet promising body of empirically based literature in a clinically focused review...
December 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25966968/continuous-traumatic-situations-in-the-face-of-ongoing-political-violence-the-relationship-between-cts-and-ptsd
#19
REVIEW
Orit Nuttman-Shwartz, Yael Shoval-Zuckerman
This article presents a literature review of the concept of continuous traumatic situations (CTS), which relates to residents living in ongoing situations of political violence and national security threats. The first aim of this review is to narrow the gap regarding knowledge about the concept of CTS by presenting findings from studies that have assessed the effects of CTS on civilian populations. The second aim is to describe CTS in a way that highlights the differences and similarities between posttraumatic stress disorder and responses to CTS...
December 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25964275/childhood-maltreatment-and-development-of-substance-use-disorders-a-review-and-a-model-of-cognitive-pathways
#20
REVIEW
Hanie Edalati, Marvin D Krank
Exposure to childhood maltreatment (CM) is associated with increased risk for developing substance use disorders (SUDs). CM exerts negative effects on cognitive abilities including intellectual performance, memory, attention, and executive function. Parallel cognitive impairments have been observed in SUDs. Hence, limited studies have examined the mediating effect of cognitive impairments in the relationship between CM and SUDs. In addition, most studies used concurrent self-report assessments in adult populations...
December 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
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