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Trauma, Violence & Abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463187/finding-keys-a-systematic-review-of-barriers-and-facilitators-for-refugee-children-s-disclosure-of-their-life-stories
#1
E C C Carla van Os, A E Elianne Zijlstra, E J Erik Knorth, W J Wendy Post, M E Margrite Kalverboer
The systematic review presented in this article aims to reveal what supports and hampers refugee children in telling their, often traumatic, life stories. This is important to ensure that migration decisions are based on reliable information about the children's needs for protection. A systematic review was conducted in academic journals, collecting all available scientific knowledge about the disclosure of life stories by refugee minors in the context of social work, guardianship, foster care, asylum procedures, mental health assessment, and therapeutic settings...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439616/physical-abuse-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-and-childhood-behavior-problems-a-meta-analysis-of-studies-in-mainland-china
#2
Naixue Cui, Jianghong Liu
The relationship between three types of child maltreatment, including physical abuse, emotional abuse and neglect, and childhood behavior problems in Mainland China, has not been systematically examined. This meta-analysis reviewed findings from 42 studies conducted in 98,749 children in Mainland China and analyzed the pooled effect sizes of the associations between child maltreatment and childhood behavior problems, heterogeneity in study findings, and publication bias. In addition, this study explored cross-study similarities/differences by comparing the pooled estimates with findings from five existing meta-analyses...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439615/gender-based-violence-against-transgender-people-in-the-united-states-a-call-for-research-and-programming
#3
Andrea L Wirtz, Tonia C Poteat, Mannat Malik, Nancy Glass
Gender-based violence (GBV) is an umbrella term for any harm that is perpetrated against a person's will and that results from power inequalities based on gender roles. Most global estimates of GBV implicitly refer only to the experiences of cisgender, heterosexually identified women, which often comes at the exclusion of transgender and gender nonconforming (trans) populations. Those who perpetrate violence against trans populations often target gender nonconformity, gender expression or identity, and perceived sexual orientation and thus these forms of violence should be considered within broader discussions of GBV...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415630/impact-on-therapists-working-with-sex-offenders-a-systematic-review-of-gender-findings
#4
Nehami Baum, Shomron Moyal
Although there is a great deal of literature about the distress of therapists who work with sex offenders, little is known about possible gender differences in their distress. The article presents a systematic review and small-scale meta-analysis that address two questions: whether one gender is more susceptible than the other to the adverse effects of treating sex offenders and whether their distress is manifested similarly or differently. Findings of 36 measures of association reported in 10 eligible studies with a total of 1,754 sex offender therapists (785 males) indicate that males are somewhat more vulnerable to the adverse effects of treating sex offenders ( d = ...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409433/widening-the-lens-an-ecological-review-of-campus-sexual-assault
#5
Carrie A Moylan, McKenzie Javorka
Varying prevalence rates of sexual violence across colleges and universities indicate the need to understand institutional factors underlying such variation; however, research often focuses exclusively on individual risk and protective factors, which both under theorizes and under explains the phenomenon of campus sexual assault. In this review, we propose that broadening to include campus- and contextual-level factors is necessary to fully explain campus sexual assault. Using an ecological approach, we identify and synthesize research related to campus-level variation in sexual violence, including availability of campus services and resources for survivors, institutional risk factors such as alcohol and party culture, athletics, and fraternities, and the impact of policies at the state and federal levels...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400135/the-temporal-impact-of-economic-insecurity-on-child-maltreatment-a-systematic-review
#6
Aislinn Conrad-Hiebner, Elizabeth Byram
Economically insecure children experience 3-9 times more maltreatment than economically secure children. Although economic insecurity is associated with child physical abuse, neglect, and psychological maltreatment, there have been no systematic reviews dedicated to the relation between familial economic insecurity and child maltreatment. This is problematic because multiple forms of familial economic insecurity-including debt, material hardship, income, unemployment, and income transfers-are related to child maltreatment...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334033/reappraising-and-redirecting-research-on-the-victim-offender-overlap
#7
Mark T Berg, Carrie F Mulford
The strong positive association between offending and victimization, or the victim-offender overlap, has received considerable amount of research attention in recent years. Empirical research has made important strides in unpacking the sources of the phenomenon, but important questions remain unanswered. Ambiguity surrounds the utility of certain theoretical explanations for the overlap, the nature of the phenomenon, and the methodological tools used to examine its etiology. Owing to these knowledge gaps, the scientific meaning of the victim-offender overlap is unclear...
January 1, 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334032/obscure-dichotomy-of-early-childhood-trauma-in-ptsd-versus-attachment-disorders
#8
Christy Owen
There are two competing schools of thoughts involving children who have experienced early childhood trauma. One posture's nosology focuses on the post-traumatic stress responses; the other focuses on the deviant behaviors that ensue from pathogenic care in early childhood. This author sought to review the literature from a holistic perspective, embracing both diagnostic positions. Seventy-three articles addressing childhood trauma and the ensuing emotional or behavioral disturbances were evaluated, mostly empirical-including 16 that specified posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 21 that specified attachment disorders, and 37 that included potential overlaps between both trauma derivatives...
January 1, 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334031/a-profile-of-gender-based-violence-research-in-europe-findings-from-a-focused-mapping-review-and-synthesis
#9
Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Jane V Appleton, Maria Clark, Eija Paavilainen
This article reports the findings from a new form of review: a focused mapping review and synthesis. The aim was to create a contemporary, snapshot profile of the nature and scope of gender-based violence (GBV) studies conducted in Europe. GBV is one of the most prevalent human rights violations in the world affecting mainly women and girls. The policy context of GBV in Europe has gathered momentum in recent years, but we do not have a clear picture of how this relates to research activity. Thirteen journals were purposively selected on their likelihood to publish GBV research...
January 1, 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334030/commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-youth-in-the-united-states-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#10
Michelle DeCoux Hampton, Michelle Lieggi
BACKGROUND: Homeless, runaway, and transgender youth are at high risk for commercial sexual exploitation in the United States. Research examining this phenomenon is growing but requires synthesis to facilitate its use by professionals who serve this population. The purpose of this review was to aggregate the qualitative evidence regarding commercially sexually exploited youth (CSEY) in the United States. METHODS: The search included published and unpublished qualitative studies with current or former CSEY who reside in the United States...
January 1, 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334029/the-relationship-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-violence-to-others-in-individuals-with-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Kathleen Green, Kevin Browne, Shihning Chou
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of literature identifying a relationship between experiences of child abuse and symptoms of psychosis in adults. However, the impact of this relationship on risk of violence has not been systematically explored. AIMS: This meta-analysis aimed to consider the influence of childhood abuse on the risk of violence among individuals with psychosis. METHOD: Five bibliographic databases and two gray literature resources were systematically searched to identify quantitative research which measured risk of violence and experiences of childhood maltreatment in individuals with psychosis...
January 1, 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334024/state-of-the-evidence-a-systematic-review-of-approaches-to-reduce-gender-based-violence-and-support-the-empowerment-of-adolescent-girls-in-humanitarian-settings
#12
Eva Noble, Leora Ward, Shelby French, Kathryn Falb
Adolescent girls are at an increased risk of sexual violence, abuse, exploitation, and forced or early marriage across humanitarian contexts. In the past few years, prominent initiatives, organizations, and working groups have started to highlight the targeted needs and issues facing adolescent girls and have developed programmatic responses such as safe spaces for adolescent girls to protect and empower girls and reduce their vulnerabilities to violence or exploitation. A systematic review of academic and grey literature was conducted in September 2015 to examine the evidence base for programming that seeks to reduce violence against adolescent girls in humanitarian contexts...
January 1, 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334022/practitioners-views-on-ipv-and-its-solutions-an-integrative-literature-review
#13
Michel Labarre, Normand Brodeur, Valérie Roy, Marc-Antoine Bousquet
There are ongoing debates in the scientific community and in practice settings about how intimate partner violence (IPV) should be defined and understood and about how various interventions must be carried out. If these debates are to bear fruit, however, we must first gain a comprehensive understanding of each stakeholder's viewpoints on IPV and its solutions. This article seeks to contribute to this goal by summarizing empirical studies investigating how practitioners who work with IPV perpetrators understand the problem and its solutions...
January 1, 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334014/using-applied-theater-in-primary-secondary-and-tertiary-prevention-of-intimate-partner-violence-a-systematic-review
#14
Emma Heard, Allyson Mutch, Lisa Fitzgerald
There is an immediate need to advance knowledge around the effective prevention of intimate partner violence (IPV), which is responsible for significant negative health and well-being outcomes for women around the world. Creative approaches are being explored internationally-this systematic review provides a timely synthesis of applied theater interventions addressing primary, secondary, and tertiary IPV prevention. Six hundred and ten articles were identified through a comprehensive search of five cross-disciplinary databases...
January 1, 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334012/better-together-a-review-of-evidence-for-multi-disciplinary-teams-responding-to-physical-and-sexual-child-abuse
#15
James Leslie Herbert, Leah Bromfield
Multi-Disciplinary teams (MDTs) have often been presented as the key to dealing with a number of intractable problems associated with responding to allegations of physical and sexual child abuse. While these approaches have proliferated internationally, researchers have complained of the lack of a specific evidence base identifying the processes and structures supporting multi-disciplinary work and how these contribute to high-level outcomes. This systematic search of the literature aims to synthesize the existing state of knowledge on the effectiveness of MDTs...
January 1, 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334008/who-are-the-victims-and-who-are-the-perpetrators-in-dating-violence-sharing-the-role-of-victim-and-perpetrator
#16
Sihyun Park, Sin-Hyang Kim
BACKGROUND: Dating violence (DV) is a serious problem with devastating consequences. Often, research on DV has focused on two distinct groups: victims and perpetrators. However, there is growing evidence for a victim-perpetrator overlap model, which posits that those involved in DV are more likely to take on both roles, rather than either role on its own. PURPOSE: We investigated the patterns of involvement in DV among those who identified themselves as victims or perpetrators in previous studies...
January 1, 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334007/understanding-and-acting-on-20-years-of-research-on-violence-and-lgbtq-communities
#17
Tasseli McKay, Christine H Lindquist, Shilpi Misra
Questions related to violence, vulnerability, and sexual and gender minorities continuing to occupy a focal place in U.S. public discourse. We reviewed findings from 20 years of research on that topic to make recommendations for policy, practice, and future research. This article synthesizes findings from 102 peer-reviewed articles as well as a small number of unpublished studies and grey literature. We found no data to support the idea (widespread in popular discourse) that those in the sexual or gender majority require protection from sexual or gender minority individuals...
January 1, 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334006/the-intersection-of-firearms-and-intimate-partner-homicide-in-15-nations
#18
April M Zeoli, Rebecca Malinski, Hannah Brenner
Intimate partners commit approximately one in three homicides against women worldwide. Little is known about situational factors that contribute to intimate partner homicides (IPH) and how they may differ across nations. This article provides a cross-national exploration of one situational factor, the use of firearms in the commission of homicides, and considers whether nations have laws designed specifically to keep firearms out of the hands of batterers. We conducted a systematic search of peer-reviewed research and governmental and nongovernmental reports for data on weapon use in IPH...
January 1, 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334003/removing-firearms-from-those-prohibited-from-possession-by-domestic-violence-restraining-orders-a-survey-and-analysis-of-state-laws
#19
April M Zeoli, Shannon Frattaroli, Kelly Roskam, Anastasia K Herrera
Under federal and many state laws, persons under domestic violence restraining orders (DVROs) are prohibited from possession of firearms. Using multiple sources and a Lexis Nexis search, we developed a list of state laws pertaining to the relinquishment or removal of firearms from persons prohibited from possession by DVROs. After downloading the text of each law, we conducted a legal analysis to enumerate provisions of the laws specifying implementation. We found 49 laws in 29 states and Washington, DC. The laws were conceptualized as instructions to the court, the respondent, and law enforcement...
January 1, 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334002/concordance-between-parents-in-perpetration-of-child-mistreatment-how-often-is-it-by-father-only-mother-only-or-by-both-and-what-difference-does-it-make
#20
Murray A Straus, Emily M Douglas
Research on child mistreatment tends to focus on the mother or the father as the abusing parent, even though there is wide agreement that both theory and practice should deal with child maltreatment as a family system problem. Most children have the benefit or the risk of more than one caretaker for substantial periods of their lives, most often two parents or stepparents. This article is intended to illustrate the value of research which uses concordance analysis (CA) to identify children who experienced three dyadic concordance types (DCTs) of mistreatment: father-only, mother-only, or both parents, including single-parent combinations of caretakers...
January 1, 2017: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
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