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Nature Cell Biology

Qiang Zhuang, Wenjuan Li, Christina Benda, Zhijian Huang, Tanveer Ahmed, Ping Liu, Xiangpeng Guo, David P Ibañez, Zhiwei Luo, Meng Zhang, Mazid Md Abdul, Zhongzhou Yang, Jiayin Yang, Yinghua Huang, Hui Zhang, Dehao Huang, Jianguo Zhou, Xiaofen Zhong, Xihua Zhu, Xiuling Fu, Wenxia Fan, Yulin Liu, Yan Xu, Carl Ward, Muhammad Jadoon Khan, Shahzina Kanwal, Bushra Mirza, Micky D Tortorella, Hung-Fat Tse, Jiayu Chen, Baoming Qin, Xichen Bao, Shaorong Gao, Andrew P Hutchins, Miguel A Esteban
Somatic cell reprogramming by exogenous factors requires cooperation with transcriptional co-activators and co-repressors to effectively remodel the epigenetic environment. How this interplay is regulated remains poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that NCoR/SMRT co-repressors bind to pluripotency loci to create a barrier to reprogramming with the four Yamanaka factors (OCT4, SOX2, KLF4 and c-MYC), and consequently, suppressing NCoR/SMRT significantly enhances reprogramming efficiency and kinetics. The core epigenetic subunit of the NCoR/SMRT complex, histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3), contributes to the effects of NCoR/SMRT by inducing histone deacetylation at pluripotency loci...
March 12, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Arun Kumar, Priyanka Sharma, Mercè Gomar-Alba, Zhanna Shcheprova, Anne Daulny, Trinidad Sanmartín, Irene Matucci, Charlotta Funaya, Miguel Beato, Manuel Mendoza
The acquisition of cellular identity is coupled to changes in the nuclear periphery and nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). Whether and how these changes determine cell fate remain unclear. We have uncovered a mechanism that regulates NPC acetylation to direct cell fate after asymmetric division in budding yeast. The lysine deacetylase Hos3 associates specifically with daughter cell NPCs during mitosis to delay cell cycle entry (Start). Hos3-dependent deacetylation of nuclear basket and central channel nucleoporins establishes daughter-cell-specific nuclear accumulation of the transcriptional repressor Whi5 during anaphase and perinuclear silencing of the G1/S cyclin gene CLN2 in the following G1 phase...
March 12, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Paula Gutierrez-Martinez, Leah Hogdal, Manavi Nagai, Miriama Kruta, Rumani Singh, Kristopher Sarosiek, Andre Nussenzweig, Isabel Beerman, Anthony Letai, Derrick J Rossi
Ageing of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) contributes to deficits in the aged haematopoietic system. HSC decline is driven in part by DNA damage accumulation; yet, how ageing impacts the acute DNA damage response (DDR) of HSCs is poorly understood. We show that old HSCs exhibit diminished ATM activity and attenuated DDR, leading to elevated clonal survival in response to a range of genotoxins that was underwritten by diminished apoptotic priming. Distinct HSC subsets exhibited ageing-dependent and subtype-dependent differences in apoptotic priming and survival in response to DNA damage...
March 12, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Arnau Hervera, Francesco De Virgiliis, Ilaria Palmisano, Luming Zhou, Elena Tantardini, Guiping Kong, Thomas Hutson, Matt C Danzi, Rotem Ben-Tov Perry, Celio X C Santos, Alexander N Kapustin, Roland A Fleck, José Antonio Del Río, Thomas Carroll, Vance Lemmon, John L Bixby, Ajay M Shah, Mike Fainzilber, Simone Di Giovanni
In the version of this Article originally published, the affiliations for Roland A. Fleck and José Antonio Del Río were incorrect due to a technical error that resulted in affiliations 8 and 9 being switched. The correct affiliations are: Roland A. Fleck:8 Centre for Ultrastructural Imaging, Kings College London, London, UK. José Antonio Del Río:2 Cellular and Molecular Neurobiotechnology, Institute for Bioengineering of Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain;9 Department of Cell Biology, Physiology and Immunology, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain;10 Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (CIBERNED), Barcelona, Spain...
March 8, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Ermelinda Porpiglia, Nikolay Samusik, Andrew Tri Van Ho, Benjamin D Cosgrove, Thach Mai, Kara L Davis, Astraea Jager, Garry P Nolan, Sean C Bendall, Wendy J Fantl, Helen M Blau
In the version of this Article originally published, the name of author Andrew Tri Van Ho was coded wrongly, resulting in it being incorrect when exported to citation databases. This has been corrected, though no visible changes will be apparent.
March 5, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Zijun Sun, Christopher Amourda, Murat Shagirov, Yusuke Hara, Timothy E Saunders, Yusuke Toyama
In the version of this Article originally published, the authors cited the wrong articles for reference numbers 18, 30 and 31; the correct ones are listed below. Furthermore, four additional references have been inserted at numbers 37, 38, 39 and 40 as in the list below, and the original references 37-40 have been renumbered. These corrections have been made in the online versions of the Article.
March 5, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Tyler J Kirby, Jan Lammerding
The ability of cells to respond to mechanical forces is critical for numerous biological processes. Emerging evidence indicates that external mechanical forces trigger changes in nuclear envelope structure and composition, chromatin organization and gene expression. However, it remains unclear if these processes originate in the nucleus or are downstream of cytoplasmic signals. Here we discuss recent findings that support a direct role of the nucleus in cellular mechanosensing and highlight novel tools to study nuclear mechanotransduction...
February 21, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Arnaud Ahier, Chuan-Yang Dai, Andrea Tweedie, Ayenachew Bezawork-Geleta, Ina Kirmes, Steven Zuryn
In the version of this Technical Report originally published, chromosome representations (indicated by black lines) were missing from Fig. 2a due to a technical error. The corrected version of Fig. 2a is shown below. This has now been amended in all online versions of the Technical Report.
February 15, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Arnau Hervera, Francesco De Virgiliis, Ilaria Palmisano, Luming Zhou, Elena Tantardini, Guiping Kong, Thomas Hutson, Matt C Danzi, Rotem Ben-Tov Perry, Celio X C Santos, Alexander N Kapustin, Roland A Fleck, José Antonio Del Río, Thomas Carroll, Vance Lemmon, John L Bixby, Ajay M Shah, Mike Fainzilber, Simone Di Giovanni
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to tissue damage and remodelling mediated by the inflammatory response after injury. Here we show that ROS, which promote axonal dieback and degeneration after injury, are also required for axonal regeneration and functional recovery after spinal injury. We find that ROS production in the injured sciatic nerve and dorsal root ganglia requires CX3CR1-dependent recruitment of inflammatory cells. Next, exosomes containing functional NADPH oxidase 2 complexes are released from macrophages and incorporated into injured axons via endocytosis...
February 12, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Kota Nagasaka, M Julius Hossain, M Julia Roberti, Jan Ellenberg, Toru Hirota
In the version of this Letter originally published, the authors omitted a citation of an early study demonstrating topoisomerase-II-dependent sister chromatid resolution. This reference has now been added to the reference list as reference number 28, and the relevant text has been amended as follows to include its citation: 'Resolution must reflect the removal of sister-sister contacts, and we show here that Topo-IIα-mediated release of DNA catenation plays a major role (Fig. 4), in agreement with previous findings28, whereas, surprisingly, cohesin dissociation is not strictly required (Fig...
February 12, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Jau-Ye Shiu, Lina Aires, Zhe Lin, Viola Vogel
A robust nanopillar platform with increased spatial resolution reveals that perinuclear forces, originating from stress fibres spanning the nucleus of fibroblasts, are significantly higher on these nanostructured substrates than the forces acting on peripheral adhesions. Many perinuclear adhesions embrace several nanopillars at once, pulling them into β1-integrin- and zyxin-rich clusters, which are able to translocate in the direction of cell motion without losing their tensile strength. The high perinuclear forces are greatly reduced upon inhibition of cell contractility or actin polymerization and disruption of the actin cap by KASH dominant-negative mutant expression...
February 5, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Xiaoduo Xie, Hongli Hu, Xinyuan Tong, Long Li, Xiangyuan Liu, Min Chen, Huairui Yuan, Xia Xie, Qingrun Li, Yuxue Zhang, Huafang Ouyang, Mengqi Wei, Jing Huang, Pengda Liu, Wenjian Gan, Yong Liu, Anyong Xie, Xiaoling Kuai, Gung-Wei Chirn, Hu Zhou, Rong Zeng, Ronggui Hu, Jun Qin, Fei-Long Meng, Wenyi Wei, Hongbin Ji, Daming Gao
Growth signals, such as extracellular nutrients and growth factors, have substantial effects on genome integrity; however, the direct underlying link remains unclear. Here, we show that the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR)-ribosomal S6 kinase (S6K) pathway, a central regulator of growth signalling, phosphorylates RNF168 at Ser60 to inhibit its E3 ligase activity, accelerate its proteolysis and impair its function in the DNA damage response, leading to accumulated unrepaired DNA and genome instability...
February 5, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Matthäus Mittasch, Peter Gross, Michael Nestler, Anatol W Fritsch, Christiane Iserman, Mrityunjoy Kar, Matthias Munder, Axel Voigt, Simon Alberti, Stephan W Grill, Moritz Kreysing
Recent advances in cell biology enable precise molecular perturbations. The spatiotemporal organization of cells and organisms, however, also depends on physical processes such as diffusion or cytoplasmic flows, and strategies to perturb physical transport inside cells are not yet available. Here, we demonstrate focused-light-induced cytoplasmic streaming (FLUCS). FLUCS is local, directional, dynamic, probe-free, physiological, and is even applicable through rigid egg shells or cell walls. We explain FLUCS via time-dependent modelling of thermoviscous flows...
February 5, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Christos Gavriilidis, Leila Laredj, Romain Solinhac, Nadia Messaddeq, Julien Viaud, Jocelyn Laporte, Izabela Sumara, Karim Hnia
The ubiquitin proteasome system and autophagy are major protein turnover mechanisms in muscle cells, which ensure stemness and muscle fibre maintenance. Muscle cells contain a high proportion of cytoskeletal proteins, which are prone to misfolding and aggregation; pathological processes that are observed in several neuromuscular diseases called proteinopathies. Despite advances in deciphering the mechanisms underlying misfolding and aggregation, little is known about how muscle cells manage cytoskeletal degradation...
January 22, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Arnaud Ahier, Chuan-Yang Dai, Andrea Tweedie, Ayenachew Bezawork-Geleta, Ina Kirmes, Steven Zuryn
Although mitochondria are ubiquitous organelles, they exhibit tissue-specific morphology, dynamics and function. Here, we describe a robust approach to isolate mitochondria from specific cells of diverse tissue systems in Caenorhabditis elegans. Cell-specific mitochondrial affinity purification (CS-MAP) yields intact and functional mitochondria with exceptional purity and sensitivity (>96% enrichment, >96% purity, and single-cell and single-animal resolution), enabling comparative analyses of protein and nucleic acid composition between organelles isolated from distinct cellular lineages...
January 22, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Vasileios I Floros, Angela Pyle, Sabine Dietmann, Wei Wei, Walfred W C Tang, Naoko Irie, Brendan Payne, Antonio Capalbo, Laila Noli, Jonathan Coxhead, Gavin Hudson, Moira Crosier, Henrik Strahl, Yacoub Khalaf, Mitinori Saitou, Dusko Ilic, M Azim Surani, Patrick F Chinnery
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations cause inherited diseases and are implicated in the pathogenesis of common late-onset disorders, but how they arise is not clear1,2. Here we show that mtDNA mutations are present in primordial germ cells (PGCs) within healthy female human embryos. Isolated PGCs have a profound reduction in mtDNA content, with discrete mitochondria containing ~5 mtDNA molecules. Single-cell deep mtDNA sequencing of in vivo human female PGCs showed rare variants reaching higher heteroplasmy levels in late PGCs, consistent with the observed genetic bottleneck...
January 15, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Jun Chen, Na Xu, Chenhui Wang, Pin Huang, Huanwei Huang, Zhen Jin, Zhongsheng Yu, Tao Cai, Renjie Jiao, Rongwen Xi
The process through which multiple types of cell-lineage-restricted progenitor cells are specified from multipotent stem cells is unclear. Here we show that, in intestinal stem cell lineages in adult Drosophila, in which the Delta-Notch-signalling-guided progenitor cell differentiation into enterocytes is the default mode, the specification of enteroendocrine cells (EEs) is initiated by transient Scute activation in a process driven by transcriptional self-stimulation combined with a negative feedback regulation between Scute and Notch targets...
January 15, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Chien-Ting Wu, Hsin-Yi Chen, Tang K Tang
Primary cilia play essential roles in signal transduction and development. The docking of preciliary vesicles at the distal appendages of a mother centriole is an initial/critical step of ciliogenesis, but the mechanisms are unclear. Here, we demonstrate that myosin-Va mediates the transportation of preciliary vesicles to the mother centriole and reveal the underlying mechanism. We also show that the myosin-Va-mediated transportation of preciliary vesicles is the earliest event that defines the onset of ciliogenesis...
January 15, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
John J H Shin, Alison K Gillingham, Farida Begum, Jessica Chadwick, Sean Munro
In the version of Supplementary Table 1 originally published with this Article, in the sheet relating to Fig. 3c, all values in the 'golgin-97-mito' column were 1.3 times larger than the actual values, which was due to author error when generating the Supplementary Table. These errors did not affect the graph in Fig. 3c, which was plotted with the correct values. Supplementary Table 1 has now been replaced so that it contains the correct values.
January 8, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
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March 2018: Nature Cell Biology
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