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Archives of Iranian Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845555/photoclinic
#1
Sara Sagharnia, Farideh Darabi, Ahmad-Reza Jamshidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845554/student-research-committee-as-a-model-for-development-of-medical-research-projects
#2
Mohammad Saeid Rezaee-Zavareh, Mohammad Hossein Khosravi, Seyed Moayed Alavian
Student Research Committee (SRC) has been developed a subset of each university's Vice chancellor for research in purpose of research training for motivated students and conducting their research interests. In this paper, we evaluated effect of SRCs on Iran's research through Scopus database and showed that SRCs has a remarkable impact on Iran's publication performance.
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845553/intra-pancreatic-accessory-spleen-mimicking-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor-on-68-ga-dotatate-pet-ct
#3
Erdal Birol Bostancı, Volkan Oter, Sarper Okten, Nuriye Ozlem Küçük, Cigdem Soydal, Nesrin Turhan, Musa Akoglu
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare tumors, but the incidence is increasing with new diagnostics. A 37-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for an incidental 17-mm nodule in the tail of the pancreas. PET/CT shows indeterminate mass in the pancreatic tail with enhanced uptake of 68-Ga-dotatate. NET was suspected and laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy was performed. Pathologic examination revealed an accessory spleen with a heterotopic location. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first intrapancreatic accessory spleen (IPAS) case in which the positive 68-Ga-dotatate uptake reported in the literature...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845552/breast-angiosarcoma-with-exophytic-growth
#4
Donya Farrokh, Elaheh Modoodi, Yalda Fallah Rastegar
Primary angiosarcoma of the breast is a rare malignant tumor. Diagnostic breast imaging includes mammography and ultrasound, which are usually nonspecific. A 42-year-old woman with angiosarcoma of the breast is presented. Physical findings showed a hard exophytic mass in the upper part of the left breast, with skin discoloration overlaying the mass. Mammography revealed a high density well defined mass in the left breast, without any micro-calcification and speculation. On ultrasound examination, a hypoechoic mass with a well-defined margin and heterogenous echogenicity was detected...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845551/socioeconomic-and-reproductive-health-outcomes-of-female-genital-mutilation
#5
Mansoureh Refaei, Soodabeh Aghababaei, Abolghasem Pourreza, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is one of the important aspects of reproductive health. The economic, social and health consequences of FGM threaten the achievement of sustainable development goals. The purpose of this study was to assess the economic, social and reproductive health consequences of FGM from the perspective of individual, family, community and health system. METHODS: In this study, we reviewed 1536 articles from 1979 to 2015. Fifty-one studies were directly related to our goal...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845550/child-and-adolescent-mental-health-care-in-iran-current-status-and-future-directions
#6
Vandad Sharifi, Ramin Mojtabai, Zahra Shahrivar, Javad Alaghband-Rad, Hadi Zarafshan, Lawrence Wissow
BACKGROUND: The need for mental health care among children and adolescents in Iran, as in other low and middle income countries (LAMIC) remains mostly unmet. In this paper, we sought to provide an overview of the extent of unmet need and mental health services in Iran. We also aimed to propose approaches to address this gap. METHOD: We reviewed the published epidemiologic studies of child and adolescent mental and behavioral health problems in Iran. We also examined the current status of child mental health services and the gaps between current needs and available services based on published literature that included papers published in scientific journals, as well as governmental and other administrative reports...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845549/assets-as-a-socioeconomic-status-index-categorical-principal-components-analysis-vs-latent-class-analysis
#7
Majid Sartipi, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Vali Baigi, Akbar Fotouhi
BACKGROUND: Some variables like Socioeconomic Status (SES) cannot be directly measured, instead, so-called 'latent variables' are measured indirectly through calculating tangible items. There are different methods for measuring latent variables such as data reduction methods e.g. Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and Latent Class Analysis (LCA). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of our study was to measure assets index- as a representative of SES- through two methods of Non-Linear PCA (NLPCA) and LCA, and to compare them for choosing the most appropriate model...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845548/safety-and-efficacy-of-pneumatic-lithotripters-versus-holmium-laser-on-multiple-ureteral-calculi
#8
Hakan Ercil, Ergun Alma, Okan Bas, Umut Unal, Nevzat Can Sener, Ediz Vuruskan, Aykut Buğra Senturk, Zafer Gokhan Gurbuz
BACKGROUND: Different energy sources can be used for ureteroscopic stone fragmentation, such as pneumatic, ultrasonic, laser or electrohydraulic. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of pneumatic lithotripters versus Ho: YAG laser in the treatment of multiple stones in the distal ureter. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation was done using the data of patients to whom ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URL) was applied for ureter stones in our clinic...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845547/the-study-of-extracellular-protein-fractions-of-probiotic-candidate-bacteria-on-cancerous-cell-line
#9
Samira Nozari, Mehdi Mohammadzadeh, Yousef Faridvand, Amir Tockmechi, Aliakbar Movassaghpour, Jalal Abdolalizadeh
INTRODUCTION: Probiotics are live microorganisms, habituated in the human intestine, which have a beneficial effect on our health. In spite of many reports about the anticancer effect of these bacteria in in-vivo and in-vitro, their mechanisms of action are not completely understood. The goal of this study was to compare the extracellular fractions of Lactobacillus casei and L. paracasei on the anti proliferation and apoptosis induction in K562 cell line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: L...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845546/clinical-biochemical-and-genetic-analysis-of-biotinidase-deficiency-in-iranian-population
#10
Arezou Asgari, Soghra Rouhi Dehnabeh, Mehryar Zargari, Soghra Khani, Hadi Mozafari, Abdolreza Varasteh, Fatemeh Keyfi, Mina Barzegari, Rayhaneh Hasanzaeh, Shohreh Khatami
BACKGROUND: Biotinidase deficiency (BTD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of biotin metabolism. Biotin is a coenzyme that enhances the action of the four enzymes that play an important role in carbohydrates, amino acid, and fatty acid metabolism. Defects in these pathways cause severe metabolic disorder in the body. In general, biotinidase deficiency can be classified into two levels: partial and profound. The incidence of BTD is 1:40,000 to 1:60,000 births in the world, even though no convincing statistical data on the prevalence of this disorder exist in Iran...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845545/burden-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-iran-from-1990-to-2010-results-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2010
#11
Shadi Rahimzadeh, Shohreh Naderimagham, Marzieh Rohani-Rasaf, Parinaz Mehdipour, Masoud Lotfizadeh, Sharareh R Niakan Kalhori, Fereshteh Davoudi, Atefeh Noori, Kianoush Kamali, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari
BACKGROUND: The present study describes the epidemiological status of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Iran based on the Global Burden of Disease study 2010 (the GBD 2010), and compares this with those of other neighboring countries. METHODS: The burden of STIs from 1990 to 2010 in Iran was derived from a systematic study, namely the GBD 2010, which was conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). Using a model-based estimation, Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) were calculated on the basis of the prevalence of STIs...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845544/clinical-spectrum-of-celiac-disease-in-children-in-sistan-and-baluchestan-province
#12
Touran Shahraki, Ivor D Hill
BACKGROUND: The clinical manifestations of celiac disease (CD) have changed in the past decades. There are currently little data describing the initial clinical manifestations of CD in children in Iran. This study describes the initial presentation of children with suspected CD from a geographically defined region in Iran. METHOD: Medical records of children seen in 2007 - 2015 from Sistan and Baluchestan province, Iran, with suspected CD were reviewed. After obtaining TTG-IgA and IgA, subjects were divided into three groups according to presenting symptoms: GI, non-GI, and asymptomatic group...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845543/the-combined-effects-of-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-on-all-cause-mortality-the-golestan-cohort-study
#13
Akbar Fazel-Tabar Malekshah, Marsa Zaroudi, Arash Etemadi, Farhad Islami, Sadaf Sepanlou, Maryam Sharafkhah, Abbas-Ali Keshtkar, Hooman Khademi, Hossein Poustchi, Azita Hekmatdoost, Akram Pourshams, Akbar Feiz Sani, Elham Jafari, Farin Kamangar, Sanford M Dawsey, Christian C Abnet, Paul D Pharoah, Paul J Berennan, Paolo Boffetta, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Most studies that have evaluated the association between combined lifestyle factors and mortality outcomes have been conducted in populations of developed countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the association between combined lifestyle scores and risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality for the first time among Iranian adults. METHODS: The study population included 50,045 Iranians, 40 - 75 years of age, who were enrolled in the Golestan Cohort Study, between 2004 and 2008...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743443/an-overview-of-epidemic-typhus-in-the-world-and-iran-during-the-19th-and-20th-centuries
#14
Mohammad Hossein Azizi, Moslem Bahadori, Farzaneh Azizi
The present article provides a concise historical review on classical epidemic typhus (exanthemata typhus) in the world as well its outbreaks in Iran mainly during the 19th and 20th centuries. Typhus is still a potential public health threat under certain conditions, despite the fact that nowadays, efficient antibiotics are accessible and sanitary conditions which lead to typhus outbreaks have improved significantly.
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743442/evaluation-of-exercise-in-canon-of-medicine
#15
Murat Çetkin, Ilhan Bahsi, Mustafa Orhan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743441/photoclinic-diagnosis-puffy-hands-as-the-initial-manifestation-of-multiple-myeloma
#16
Zhaleh Shariati-Sarabi, Aida Alirezaei, Hossein Azadeh, Seyed Mostafa Monzavi, Zahra Mozaheb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743440/migrants-health-in-iran-from-the-perspective-of-social-justice-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
Ehsan Shamsi Gooshki, Raheleh Rezaei, Verina Wild
This paper presents a systematic literature review of studies that shed light on the health of migrants in Iran from the perspective of social justice. A systematic search was conducted in PubMed and Iranian databases, including IranMedex, Magiran, and SID, in June 2012. All studies that were published until June 2012 describing the health status of migrants - including refugees - in Iran were included. The search results were categorisoyed according to an adapted version of the six dimensions of well-being in Madison Powers' and Ruth Faden's theory of social justice in health...
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743439/strategies-and-opportunities-ahead-to-reduce-salt-intake
#18
Shahram Rafieifar, Hamed Pouraram, Abolghassem Djazayery, Fereydoun Siassi, Zahra Abdollahi, Ahmad Reza Dorosty, Mitra Abtahi, Hossein Kazemeini, Farshad Farzadfar
In Iran, as in most countries, cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death (highest mortality rate), but rank third in terms of disease burden. On the other hand, the relationship between high salt intake, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease has been proven. Food consumption pattern in Iran shows that consumption of salt, pickled foods and salty snacks is common. Regarding the World Health Organization (WHO) target for salt intake (about 5 g per day), the evidence indicates that Iranian people consume 2-3 times more than the recommended amount of salt...
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743438/heterogeneity-of-hereditary-hearing-loss-in-iran-a-comprehensive-review
#19
Maryam Beheshtian, Mojgan Babanejad, Hela Azaiez, Niloofar Bazazzadegan, Diana Kolbe, Christina Sloan-Heggen, Sanaz Arzhangi, Kevin Booth, Marzieh Mohseni, Kathy Frees, Mohammad Hossein Azizi, Ahmad Daneshi, Mohammad Farhadi, Kimia Kahrizi, Richard Jh Smith, Hossein Najmabadi
A significant contribution to the causes of hereditary hearing impairment comes from genetic factors. More than 120 genes and 160 loci have been identified to be involved in hearing impairment. Given that consanguine populations are more vulnerable to most inherited diseases, such as hereditary hearing loss (HHL), the genetic picture of HHL among the Iranian population, which consists of at least eight ethnic subgroups with a high rate of intermarriage, is expected to be highly heterogeneous. Using an electronic literature review through various databases such as PubMed, MEDLINE, and Scopus, we review the current picture of HHL in Iran...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743437/risk-factors-and-awareness-of-hpv-in-turkish-people-with-anogenital-warts-in-bagcilar-district-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Betul Tas, Kamuran Turker, Elcin Balci
BACKGROUND: Anogenital warts (AGWs) are epithelial tumors which develop as a result of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. We aimed to assess the sociodemographic, sexual and other possible risk-factors, and awareness of the HPV infection among Turkish people with AGW in the Bagcilar district of Istanbul. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 273 patients (183 men, 90 women) with AGW between October 2014 - March 2015. The patients' sociodemographics were recorded along with their possible risk-factors and clinical findings...
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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