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Archives of Iranian Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510472/dental-disaster-squad-necessity-of-the-hour-in-iran
#1
Thorakkal Shamim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510471/effects-of-socio-economic-status-inequality-on-health-outcomes
#2
Yousef Veisani, Ghobad Moradi, Ali Delpisheh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510470/the-life-and-career-of-dr-mansour-shamsa-a-pioneer-in-public-health
#3
Ehsan Mostafavi, Marjan Keypour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510469/outer-dense-fiber-proteins-bridging-between-male-infertility-and-cancer
#4
Faezeh Azizi, Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard
BACKGROUND: The similarities between gametogenic and carcinogenesis processes have been noted for more than decades. Among prominent similarities between these two processes is expression of a group of antigens, namely cancer-testis antigens in both the testes and various cancer tissues. Outer dense fiber (ODF) proteins are testis-specific proteins localized to sperm tails and involved in sperm motility. METHODS: We performed a computerized search of the MEDLINE/PUBMED databases with keywords "outer dense fiber, ODF, cancer, testis, gametogenesis and infertility"...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510468/diagnostic-efficacy-of-coronary-artery-three-dimensional-steady-state-free-precession-magnetic-resonance-angiography-in-comparison-with-invasive-coronary-angiography-for-detecting-coronary-artery-disease
#5
Ali Mohammadzadeh, Fariborz Faeghi, Nazanin Sahraee, Hamidreza Pouraliakbar, Reza Kiani, Vahid Mohammadzadeh, Pouya Entezari, Ali Borhani, Madjid Shakiba, Sakineh Kadivar, Maryam Mohammadzadeh
PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic value of three-dimensional steady-state free precession magnetic resonance angiography (3D-SSFP MRA) for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients suspected of CAD based on clinical evaluation, underwent invasive coronary angiography (CAG) and Cardiac MRA (CMRA). Collected data in favor of any CAD findings in CMRA were compared to CAG results as the standard diagnostic method in CAD detection. Analysis was performed on per-patient, per-vessel and per-segment bases...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510467/association-between-physicians-adherence-to-a-pharmacotherapy-guideline-and-continuity-of-care-for-patients-with-depression-and-or-anxiety-disorder
#6
Elham Heidari, Saeid Eslami, Farid Abolhassani, Vandad Sharifi, Zhila Taherzadeh, Tahoura Daneshvar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the paper is to investigate the association between physicians' adherence to a pharmacotherapy guideline and continuity of care for patients with depressive and/or anxiety disorders in a collaborative care program. METHODS: This retrospective observational study was conducted using medical records of subjects suffering from depression and/or anxiety disorder visited by 26 general practitioners (GP) working with  Community Mental Health Center (CMHC), who run a collaborative care program in Tehran, Iran...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510466/empirical-bayesian-geographical-mapping-of-occupational-accidents-among-iranian-workers
#7
Nasim Vahabi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Somnath Datta
BACKGROUND: Work-related accidents are believed to be a serious preventable cause of mortality and disability worldwide. This study aimed to provide Bayesian geographical maps of occupational injury rates among workers insured by the Iranian Social Security Organization. METHODS: The participants included all insured workers in the Iranian Social Security Organization database in 2012. One of the applications of the Bayesian approach called the Poisson-Gamma model was applied to estimate the relative risk of occupational accidents...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510465/cigarette-and-water-pipe-use-in-iran-geographical-distribution-and-time-trends-among-the-adult-population-a-pooled-analysis-of-national-steps-surveys-2006-2009
#8
Saeed Nemati, Ali Rafei, Neal D Freedman, Akbar Fotouhi, Fereshteh Asgary, Kazem Zendehdel
OBJECTIVE: To assess the geographical distribution and time trends of manufactured cigarette and water-pipe use among Iranian adult population. METHOD: Pooled data from four consecutive nationally and provincially representative STEPS surveys, 2006-2009, were analyzed. Prevalence of current daily manufactured cigarette smokers, current daily water-pipe and current daily dual users and associated 95%CIs were estimated using complex sample analysis techniques. RESULTS: Overall, the prevalence of current daily tobacco use, including cigarette and water-pipe, was estimated 23...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510464/a-stakeholder-perspective-on-diabetes-mellitus-and-diabetic-retinopathy-care-in-iran-a-qualitative-study
#9
Marzieh Katibeh, Masumeh Kalantarion, Silvio Paolo Mariotti, Sare Safi, Saeid Shahraz, Per Kallestrup, Saeed Rahmani, Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Alireza Mahdavi, Hamid Ahmadieh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the national health system for management of diabetes mellitus (DM) in Iran, with particular focus on diabetic retinopathy (DR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this qualitative study, the national stakeholders related to DR and DM management system were invited to participate. Two researchers performed interview using a semi-structured questionnaire recommended by the World Health Organization titled "Tool for Assessment of Diabetic Retinopathy and DM Management Systems"...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510463/factors-associated-with-incidence-of-induced-abortion-in-hamedan-iran
#10
Hatam Hosseini, Amir Erfani, Marzieh Nojomi
BACKGROUND: There is limited reliable information on abortion in Iran, where abortion is illegal and many women of reproductive age seek clandestine abortion to end their unintended pregnancy. This study aims to examine the determinants of induced abortion in the city of Hamedan, Iran. METHODS: The study utilizes recent data from the 2015 Hamedan Survey of Fertility, conducted in a representative sample of 3,000 married women aged 15-49 years in the city of Hamedan, Iran...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510462/anti-plasmodial-assessment-of-four-different-iranian-propolis-extracts
#11
Houshang Afrouzan, Sedigheh Zakeri, Akram Abouie Mehrizi, Sara Molasalehi, Azar Tahghighi, Mohamad Ali Shokrgozar, Ali Es-Haghi, Navid Dinparast Djadid
BACKGROUND: Eradication of malaria will depend on discovery of new intervention tools such as anti-malarial drugs. Due to the increasing interest in the application of propolis against significant clinical pathogenic agents, the aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the anti-plasmodial effect of Iranian propolis extracts against chloroquine (CQ)-sensitive Plasmodium falciparum 3D7 and Plasmodium berghei (ANKA strain). METHODS: Crude samples of honeybee (Apis mellifera) propolis were collected from four provinces in northern (Kalaleh, Golestan), northeastern (Chenaran, Razavi Khorasan), central (Taleghan, Alborz) and western (Morad Beyg, Hamedan) areas of Iran with different types of flora...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510461/underlying-causes-of-persistent-and-recurrent-pneumonia-in-children-at-a-pulmonary-referral-hospital-in-tehran-iran
#12
Mohammad Reza Bolursaz, Ferial Lotfian, Hossein Ali Ghaffaripour, Maryam Hassanzad
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on recurrent or persistent pneumonia in children, particularly in the developing world. This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study of children with recurrent or persistent pneumonia admitted to the Pediatric Department of Massih Daneshvari Hospital, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: Children under 18 years of age, who were admitted to the hospital with pneumonia between 2007 and 2013, were investigated to find out the prevalence of recurrent and persistent pneumonia and to recognize their underlying diseases...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412834/professor-reza-gharib-pioneering-medical-teacher-of-shiraz-school-of-medicine
#13
Mohammad Hossein Azizi, Mohammad Hadi Imanieh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412833/medical-concepts-in-ferdowsi-s-shahnameh
#14
Ahmadreza Afshar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412832/gondeshapur-revisited-what-historical-evidence
#15
Touraj Nayernouri
In recent years, in European academic circles, there has been a trend to dismiss Gondeshapur as a myth perpetrated by the Bokhtishu family in early Islamic era, despite many historiographical attestations. The writings of Islamic historians such as Al-Qifti and Ibn Abi Usaibia have been discounted as exaggerations by non-contemporary historians, and the lack of primary Pahlavi sources blamed for historical hyperbole. In this essay, I have attempted to show through primary Syriac Christian texts, that there was both a medical school and a bimarestan in Gondeshapur in pre-Islamic Sassanid era, and that Galenic medical texts had been translated and taught in that institution...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412831/unfair-judgment-against-iranian-scientists
#16
Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi, Eesa Mohammadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412830/expression-and-immunogenicity-of-vp40-protein-of-zebov
#17
Yinbiao Wang, Xiao Liu, Ling Tao, Pengwei Xu, Xia Gao, Huijun Li, Zhongzhi Yang, Weidong Wu
BACKGROUND: EBOV outbreaks continue to threaten the world due to the absence of effective vaccines and therapeutics. Easy-to-use and rapid diagnostic tests for EBOV are highly desired for prevention and control of the EVD epidemic. METHODS: Escherichia coli expression system was used to express VP40 protein of Zaire Ebola virus (ZEBOV) as water-soluble protein upon optimization of temperature, time, and IPTG concentration. VP40 protein was purified through Ni-NTA affinity chromatography and applied to immunize rabbits for immunogenicity analysis...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412829/egfr-expression-in-patients-with-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-its-association-with-pathologic-response-to-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-a-study-in-northeastern-iran
#18
Kazem Anvari, Hamid R Sima, Mehdi Seilanian Toussi, Azam Anvari, Soodabeh Shahidsales, Bahram Memar, Seyed Amir Aledavoud, Mohammad N Forghani, Abbas Abdollahi, Kamran Ghaffarzadegan
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) accounts for 80% of all esophageal cancers worldwide. It is the most common histological type of esophageal carcinoma in low-resource countries. ESCC is prevalent in Asian countries, accounting for more than 95% of esophageal cancers. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is involved in cancer development, as its gene is often mutated and/or amplified in cancer cells. According to recent statistics, esophageal cancer is the eighth most common cancer in Iran...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412828/magnetic-resonance-angiographic-study-of-anatomic-variations-of-the-circle-of-willis-in-a-population-in-tehran
#19
Bahman Jalali Kondori, Fateme Azemati, Sonia Dadseresht
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The circle of Willis, an anastomotic polygon at the base of the brain, forms an important collateral network to maintain cerebral blood perfusion. The aim of this study was to investigate different anatomic variations of the circle of Willis and their prevalence. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 525 healthy participants including 205 men and 320 women. The mean age of the patients was 51.5 years. Three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (3D-TOF MRA) technique was used...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412827/challenges-of-tobacco-control-program-in-iran
#20
Jalal Poorolajal, Younes Mohammadi, Azam Mahmoodi
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the status of cigarette marketing in Iran as well as the attitude of smokers toward smoking and the policies and tobacco control programs in the country. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 3480 volunteer smokers in six provinces, using a stratified cluster random sampling method. The study population consisted of smokers who used at least one cigarette per day. The data collection tool was an anonymous self-administered questionnaire including basic information and 20 five-choice questions related to participants' attitude toward smoking habits (Cronbach's alpha; 79...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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