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Archives of Iranian Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412834/professor-reza-gharib-pioneering-medical-teacher-of-shiraz-school-of-medicine
#1
Mohammad Hossein Azizi, Mohammad Hadi Imanieh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412833/medical-concepts-in-ferdowsi-s-shahnameh
#2
Ahmadreza Afshar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412832/gondeshapur-revisited-what-historical-evidence
#3
Touraj Nayernouri
In recent years, in European academic circles, there has been a trend to dismiss Gondeshapur as a myth perpetrated by the Bokhtishu family in early Islamic era, despite many historiographical attestations. The writings of Islamic historians such as Al-Qifti and Ibn Abi Usaibia have been discounted as exaggerations by non-contemporary historians, and the lack of primary Pahlavi sources blamed for historical hyperbole. In this essay, I have attempted to show through primary Syriac Christian texts, that there was both a medical school and a bimarestan in Gondeshapur in pre-Islamic Sassanid era, and that Galenic medical texts had been translated and taught in that institution...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412831/unfair-judgment-against-iranian-scientists
#4
Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi, Eesa Mohammadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412830/expression-and-immunogenicity-of-vp40-protein-of-zebov
#5
Yinbiao Wang, Xiao Liu, Ling Tao, Pengwei Xu, Xia Gao, Huijun Li, Zhongzhi Yang, Weidong Wu
BACKGROUND: EBOV outbreaks continue to threaten the world due to the absence of effective vaccines and therapeutics. Easy-to-use and rapid diagnostic tests for EBOV are highly desired for prevention and control of the EVD epidemic. METHODS: Escherichia coli expression system was used to express VP40 protein of Zaire Ebola virus (ZEBOV) as water-soluble protein upon optimization of temperature, time, and IPTG concentration. VP40 protein was purified through Ni-NTA affinity chromatography and applied to immunize rabbits for immunogenicity analysis...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412829/egfr-expression-in-patients-with-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-its-association-with-pathologic-response-to-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-a-study-in-northeastern-iran
#6
Kazem Anvari, Hamid R Sima, Mehdi Seilanian Toussi, Azam Anvari, Soodabeh Shahidsales, Bahram Memar, Seyed Amir Aledavoud, Mohammad N Forghani, Abbas Abdollahi, Kamran Ghaffarzadegan
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) accounts for 80% of all esophageal cancers worldwide. It is the most common histological type of esophageal carcinoma in low-resource countries. ESCC is prevalent in Asian countries, accounting for more than 95% of esophageal cancers. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is involved in cancer development, as its gene is often mutated and/or amplified in cancer cells. According to recent statistics, esophageal cancer is the eighth most common cancer in Iran...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412828/magnetic-resonance-angiographic-study-of-anatomic-variations-of-the-circle-of-willis-in-a-population-in-tehran
#7
Bahman Jalali Kondori, Fateme Azemati, Sonia Dadseresht
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The circle of Willis, an anastomotic polygon at the base of the brain, forms an important collateral network to maintain cerebral blood perfusion. The aim of this study was to investigate different anatomic variations of the circle of Willis and their prevalence. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 525 healthy participants including 205 men and 320 women. The mean age of the patients was 51.5 years. Three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (3D-TOF MRA) technique was used...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412827/challenges-of-tobacco-control-program-in-iran
#8
Jalal Poorolajal, Younes Mohammadi, Azam Mahmoodi
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the status of cigarette marketing in Iran as well as the attitude of smokers toward smoking and the policies and tobacco control programs in the country. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 3480 volunteer smokers in six provinces, using a stratified cluster random sampling method. The study population consisted of smokers who used at least one cigarette per day. The data collection tool was an anonymous self-administered questionnaire including basic information and 20 five-choice questions related to participants' attitude toward smoking habits (Cronbach's alpha; 79...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412826/prevalence-of-human-t-lymphotropic-virus-type-1-htlv-1-infection-in-patients-with-hematologic-disorders-and-non-hematologic-malignancies-in-a-tertiary-referral-hospital
#9
Hasan Jalaeikhoo, Mosayeb Soleymani, Mohsen Rajaeinejad, Manoutchehr Keyhani
BACKGROUND: Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) was the first retrovirus identified in human. The current evidence is quite scarce regarding the potential role of HTLV-1 in pathogenesis of hematologic disorders and non-hematologic malignancies. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of HTLV-1 infection in patients with hematologic disorders and non-hematologic malignancies. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 505 cases of definite diagnosis of hematologic disorders including malignancies as well as non-malignant disorders such as polycythemia and myelofibrosis and non-hematologic malignancies referred to the hematology and medical oncology ward at Army Hospital 501 from January 2015 to January 2016...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412825/family-dinner-frequency-is-inversely-related-to-mental-disorders-and-obesity-in-adolescents-the-caspian-iii-study
#10
Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Roya Kelishadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Ramin Heshmat, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Gelayol Ardalan, Leila Azadbakht
PURPOSE: Family dinner is a proxy of family connectedness that may affect mental health. The present study aimed to examine the associations of frequency of family dinner with mental disorders and obesity in a nationally-representative sample of Iranian adolescents. METHODS: A total of 5528 Iranians adolescents aged 10-18 years were enrolled in 2009-2010 in the third survey of a national surveillance program, entitled Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Non-communicable disease (CASPIAN-III) study...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412824/assessment-of-lean-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-a-middle-income-country-prevalence-and-its-association-with-metabolic-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Mohammadreza Naderian, Shadi Kolahdoozan, Amir Sina Sharifi, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Mehdi Yaseri, Hossein Poustchi, Amir Ali Sohrabpour
BACKGROUND: Recent data has proven that the WHO (world health organization) cut-off for obesity is not applicable to the Asian population. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of lean NAFLD (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) in the capital of Iran and extract probable predictors for this growing health issue in this population. METHODS: This is a population-based cross-sectional study on apparently healthy subjects over 18 years of age. The participants were interviewed for baseline demographic and clinical information...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412823/epidemiologic-study-of-opium-use-in-pars-cohort-study-a-study-of-9000-adults-in-a-rural-southern-area-of-iran
#12
Mohammad Amin Fallahzadeh, Alireza Salehi, Mojtaba Naghshvarian, Mohammad Hossein Fallahzadeh, Hossein Poustchi, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Abdullah Gandomkar, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Opium is one of the most common substances used worldwide with variable epidemiologic features in different regions. This study was performed in southern Iran, to find the epidemiology of opium use and its association with different factors and diseases. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on baseline data extracted from Pars Cohort Study performed in Valashahr, a rural area in southern Iran. For any subject, information was collected about demographic factors, some common diseases including heart disease, stroke and hypertension and the state of using opium, other substances and cigarettes...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412822/determinants-of-lifestyle-behavior-in-iranian-adults-with-prediabetes-applying-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#13
Fatemeh Rahmati-Najarkolaei, Amir H Pakpour, Mohsen Saffari, Mahboobeh Sadat Hosseini, Fereshteh Hajizadeh, Hui Chen, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad
OBJECTIVE: Prediabetic condition can lead to development of type 2 diabetes, especially in individuals who do not adhere to a healthy lifestyle. The aim of the present study was to investigate the socio-cognitive factors using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) that may be associated with the choice of lifestyle in prediabetic patients. METHODS: A prospective study with one-month follow up was designed to collect data from 350 individuals with prediabetic conditions...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287816/regional-meeting-of-who-collaborating-centers-for-mental-health-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#14
Seyed Kazem Malakouti, Khalid Saeed, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Mahmood Dehghani, Fareed Aslam Minhas, Mohamed Agoub, Jafar Bolhari, Ahmad Mohit, Driss Moussaoui, Shadrokh Sirous, Mehrdad Kazemzadeh Atoofi, Hoda Shenouda, Omolbanin Shabani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287815/a-classical-wooden-vaginal-speculum-mentioned-in-old-medical-manuscripts
#15
Selim Kadıoğlu, Oya Ögenler, İlter Uzel
The subject of this paper is the story of an ancient medical instrument. This instrument is a wooden vaginal speculum used in classical and Islamic medicine. Its drawings can be found in Abulcasis al-Zahrawi's and Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu's illustrated books of surgery.
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287814/activation-and-deactivation-of-5-ht1-receptor-of-accumbens-shell-area-does-not-alter-acpa-induced-aversive-memory-deficit-in-male-rat
#16
Marzieh Keramati-Nojedehsadat, Shahrbanoo Oryan, Mohammad Reza Zarrindast, Vahab Babapour
BACKGROUND: Some studies have indicated a close relation between serotonergic and cannabinoidergic systems in several brain regions. Thus, the aim of current study is investigating the effect of 5-HT1 receptors of accumbens shell (Acb shell) on aversive memory deficit induced by ACPA (cannabinoid CB1 receptor agonist) using test-retest protocol of elevated plus-maze (EPM) in male Wistar rats. METHOD: Bilateral guide cannulae were implanted to allow microinjection of ACPA, CP94253 HCL (5-HT1 receptor agonist agonist) or GR127935 HCL (5-HT1 receptor antagonist)...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287813/effect-of-consanguinity-on-low-birth-weight-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Jalal Poorolajal, Pegah Ameri, Alireza Soltanian, Masoud Bahrami
BACKGROUND: Consanguinity (when couples share at least one common ancestor) is a public health issue with a variety of distributions and incidence rates worldwide. Several epidemiological studies have explored the association between consanguinity and low birth weight (LBW). However, the results are inconsistent. This meta-analysis aimed to explore the overall association between consanguineous marriage and LBW. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and reference lists of articles up to May 2015...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287812/views-and-decisions-of-physicians-in-encountering-neonates-with-poor-prognosis
#18
Fatemeh Nayeri, Fariba Asghari, Ali Baser, Leila Janani, Mamak Shariat, Bita Eabrhim
BACKGROUND: With the development of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), new issues have emerged for physicians working in this area, including the ethical aspects of providing invasive and advanced care to neonates with extremely poor prognosis. This research was undertaken with the aim of investing the factors affecting physicians' practice in management of newborns in such complicated circumstances. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out over a period of 5 months (Jan 2012 to Jun 2012) in 9 different tertiary levels and academic NICUs affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287811/two-triacylglycerol-pathway-genes-ctdnep1-and-lpin1-are-down-regulated-by-hsa-mir-122-5p-in-hepatocytes
#19
Mahmood Naderi, Abdolreza Pazouki, Ehsan Arefian, Seyed Mahmoud Hashemi, Fatemeh Jamshidi-Adegani, Omid Gholamalamdari, Sara Soudi, Kayhan Azadmanesh, Siamak Mirab Samiee, Shahin Merat, Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki, Mahdieh Mondanizadeh, Mohammad Vasei, Masoud Soleimani
BACKGROUND: Expression of miR-122 is highly specific to hepatocytes of the liver.  This miRNA is involved in lipid hemostasis of the tissue; however, there is no comprehensive understanding of its function in lipid hemostasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since hepatocytes are responsible for part of Triacylglycerol (TAG) synthesis in the body, we hypothesized that miR-122, as the most abundant miRNA in the tissue, might regulate TAG metabolism by targeting key enzymes that are involved in its production pathway...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287810/evaluation-of-initial-respiratory-support-strategies-in-vlbw-neonates-with-rds
#20
Seyyed Abolfazl Afjeh, Mohammad Kazem Sabzehei, Maryam Khoshnood Shariati, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Fatemeh Esmaili
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has brought about a significant change in care and treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. The present study was designed and conducted to evaluate different strategies of initial respiratory support (IRS) in VLBW neonates hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted over three years (March 21, 2011 to March 20, 2014)...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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