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Archives of Iranian Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193088/scrotal-abscess-a-rare-presentation-of-complicated-necrotizing-pancreatitis
#1
Seyyedhadi Mirhashemi, Mohsen Soori, Gholamhossein Faghih, Hassan Peyvandi, Omid Shafagh
Acute pancreatitis is characterized by activation of digestive enzymes inside the pancreas. In severe pancreatitis, necrosis of pancreas and surrounding tissues may occur. Acute necrotizing pancreatitis commonly presents as pancreatic abscess occasionally with systemic complications. Rarely, necrotic tissue may be drained from scrotum due to retroperitoneal extension of necrotic process. Here, we report a case of acute necrotizing pancreatitis in a 29-year-old man who presented with severe abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193087/gonad-shielding-during-pelvic-radiography-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Vahid Karami, Mansour Zabihzadeh, Nasim Shams, Amal Saki Malehi
BACKGROUND: Gonad shielding has been extensively advocated during pelvic radiography at or below reproductive ages. The popular practice of gonad shielding is placement of a lead shield in the midline of the pelvis. The aim of this study was to address the prevalence of gonad shielding and find out whether the current practice of gonad shielding can be considered as an effective method to reduce radiation exposure in patients undergoing pelvic radiography. METHODS: National and international electronic databases, including PubMed, MEDLIN, EMBASE, and Google-Scholar, were searched up to January 2016...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193086/association-between-inflammatory-potential-of-diet-and-stress-levels-in-adolescent-women-in-iran
#3
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert, Bahram Rashidkhani
BACKGROUND: The relation between diet and stress has not been widely explored. In this study, we examined the association between the inflammatory potential of diet and levels of stress among adolescent girls in Iran. METHODS: A total of 299 adolescent girls aged 15-18 years were recruited during 2014-2015. Stress was assessed using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS)-21 scale. Data were analyzed as continuous DASS scores and as a dichotomous outcome with a cut-off value of 9...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193085/familial-restless-legs-syndrome-a-family-with-all-female-patients
#4
Cetin Kursad Akpinar, Hande Turker, Dursun Aygun, Emrah Aytac
BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a chronic condition characterized by odd sensations in the body, most commonly in the legs and an irresistible urge to move them. More than half of the patients with RLS have a family history. Most of the RLS cases are women and most of the families show characteristics of an autosomal dominant pedigree. Here, we shall present a family consisting only of women; to our knowledge, such a family has not been reported yet. METHODS: The family presented here met the diagnosis criteria specified by International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group (IRLSS)...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193084/value-of-endometrial-echopattern-at-hcg-administration-day-in-predicting-ivf-outcome
#5
Firoozeh Ahmadi, Farnaz Akhbari, Mina Zamani, Fariba Ramezanali, Rezvaneh Cheraghi
BACKGROUND: Assisted reproductive  treatment  (ART)  cycle  is an  expensive  procedure with low implantation and pregnancy rate; therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the predictors of success in these patients. OBJECTIVE: The relationship between endometrial echopattern and pregnancy rate was evaluated. METHODS: The endometrial  echopattern  was  analyzed  prospectively  on  the  day  of  human chorionic  gonadotropin  (HCG) administration  in  280  in  vitro  fertilization/intracytoplasmic  sperm  injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles with 8-14 mm endometrial thickness at Royan institute in 2013-2014...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193083/comparison-of-pure-palm-olein-oil-hydrogenated-oil-containing-palm-and-canola-on-serum-lipids-and-lipid-oxidation-rate-in-rats-fed-with-these-oils
#6
Seyed-Asadollah Amini, Keihan Ghatreh-Samani, Arash Habibi-Kohi, Laleh Jafari
BACKGROUND: Due to increased consumption of canola oil and hydrogenated oil containing palm and palm olein, and their possible effects on serum lipoproteins, the present study was conducted to determine the effects of these oils on lipids and lipid oxidation level. METHODS: In this experimental study, 88 Wistar rats were randomly assigned to four groups. Control group (A) was on a normal diet. Groups B, C, and D, in addition to normal diet, were fed with hydrogenated oil-contained palm oil, pure palm olein oil, and canola oil, respectively for 4 weeks...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193082/expression-analysis-of-previously-verified-fecal-and-plasma-dow-regulated-micrornas-mir-4478-1295-3p-142-3p-and-26a-5p-in-ffpe-tissue-samples-of-crc-patients
#7
Reza Ghanbari, Sama Rezasoltani, Javad Hashemi, Ashraf Mohamadkhani, Arash Tahmasebifar, Ehsan Arefian, Naser Mobarra, Jahanbakhsh Asadi, Ehsan Nazemalhosseini Mojarad, Yaghoub Yazdani, Sakari Knuutila, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Early diagnosis of this neoplasm is critical and may reduce patients' mortality. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNA molecules whose expression pattern can be altered in various diseases such as CRC. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the expression levels of miR-142-3p, miR-26a-5p (their reduced expression in plasma samples of CRC patients was previously confirmed), miR-4478 and miR-1295-3p (their reduced expression in stool samples of CRC patients was previously confirmed) in tissue samples of CRC patients in comparison to healthy subjects...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193081/association-between-acne-and-serum-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-il-1%C3%AE-il-1%C3%AE-il-1ra-il-6-il-8-il-12-and-rantes-in-mustard-gas-exposed-patients-sardasht-iran-cohort-study
#8
Nayere Askari, Tooba Ghazanfari, Roya Yaraee, Mohammad Reza Vaez Mahdavi, Mohammad-Reza Soroush, Zuhair Mohammad Hassan, Zohre Khodashenas, Jalaleddin Shams, Soghrat Faghihzadeh
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a very common chronic inflammatory disorder, yet its pathogenesis is not clearly understood. As part of the SICS, this study was conducted to evaluate the association between the incidence of acne vulgaris in SM-exposed subjects (20 years after the exposure) and serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-1Ra, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12 and RANTES) in an attempt to better understand the pathogenesis of long-term skin disorders of these individuals...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193080/inappropriate-packed-rbc-transfusion-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#9
Anahita Sadeghi, Safieh Belali, Ali Ali Asgari, Zahra Morovat, Reza Malekzadeh, Ashkan Emadi
INTRODUCTION: Transfusion of packed red blood cells (pRBC) with appropriate indications is not only important for patient safety and well-being but is also crucial for proper utilization of resources and health care-related cost reduction. We aimed to investigate the clinical appropriateness of blood transfusion in Shariati Hospital, one of the largest academic medical centers in Tehran. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 1000 transfusions of allogenic pRBCs from April 1st to October 31st, 2015 were included...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193079/correlation-between-mmp-9-and-mmp-9-timps-complex-with-pulmonary-function-in-sulfur-mustard-exposed-civilians-sardasht-iran-cohort-study
#10
Sara Ghaffarpour, Tooba Ghazanfari, Sussan Kabudanian Ardestani, Shahryar Pourfarzam, Faramarz Fallahi, Jalaleddin Shams, Ensieh Sadat Mirsharif, Ali Mohammad Mohseni Majd, Soghrat Faghihzadeh
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of proteinases and have the vigorous capacity to degrade all parts of the extracellular matrix. MMP enzymes strongly participate in physiological processes such as normal tissue remodeling and wound healing and in pathology of pulmonary diseases. They are released in response to environmental stimuli such as toxins and regulated by endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Sulfur mustard (SM) is a chemical toxic which can cause severe permanent damages to lung tissues...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112537/letter-to-the-editor
#11
Saeideh Babashahy, Abdolvahab Baghbanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112536/the-structure-and-function-of-the-central-nervous-system-and-sense-organs-in-the-canon-of-medicine-by-avicenna
#12
Pedzisai Mazengenya, Rashid Bhikha
Ibn Sina (1037 AD), also known as Avicenna in the West, is recognized as one of the forefathers of modern medicine. He was widely accepted as an influential and leading scientific figure of the medieval ages. His book the "Canon of Medicine" collected all aspects of medical knowledge available from ancient Greek and Muslim sources and also added his own. The medical information he collected ranged from basic medical sciences to applied and specialized medical fields.  In the current vignette, we present an analysis of the basic anatomy of the brain, spinal cord and some sense organs as presented in the Canon of medicine and compare their relevance in modern medical practice and human anatomy knowledge...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112535/photoclinic
#13
Moeinadin Safavi, Sima Safari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112534/nicolau-syndrome
#14
Andisheh Maneshi, Saeedeh Ravi, Mohammad Reza Salehi, Maliheh Hasannezhad, Hossein Khalili
A 23 year-old man was admitted to the hospital with chief complaints of pain, edema and spasm of the left lower limb, as well as mottling of dorsal and plantar aspects of the foot.  One week before the current admission, he was treated with oral co-amoxiclave and intramuscular penicillin 6.3.3. Immediately after the third injection, he experienced burning and yellowish discoloration at the site of the injection wich then progressed to his leg and foot. Pain, significant edema, spasm and mottling occurred within 30 minutes of the injection...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112533/causal-effects-of-intensive-lifestyle-and-metformin-interventions-on-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-pre-diabetic-people-an-application-of-g-estimation
#15
Yahya Salimi, Akbar Fotouhi, Kazem Mohammad, Nasrin Mansournia, Mohammad Ali Mansournia
BACKGROUND: In the presence of non-adherence, intention-to-treat analysis preserves randomization, but does not lead to a valid comparison of outcome between the assigned groups. Using a reanalysis of Diabetes Prevention Program, this study aimed to estimate the causal effect of treatment with intensive lifestyle intervention or metformin vs. placebo on blood pressure and lipid profile using G-estimation after accounting for non-adherence. METHODS: The Diabetes Prevention Program randomized 3,052 pre-diabetic individuals to metformin (N = 1015), placebo (N = 1014), or an intensive lifestyle intervention (N = 1023)...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112532/percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-via-griggs-technique
#16
Hasan Ali Karimpour, Kamran Vafaii, Maryam Chalechale, Saeed Mohammadi, Rasool Kaviannezhad
BACKGROUND: Tracheostomy is considered the airway management of choice for patients who need prolonged mechanical ventilation support. Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheotomy (PDT) is a technique that can be performed easily and rapidly at bedside and is particularly useful in the intensive care setting. The Griggs percutaneous tracheotomy is unique in its utilization of a guide wire dilator forceps. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the early perioperative and late postoperative complications of PDT using the Griggs technique in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU)...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112531/association-of-socio-economic-status-and-visual-impairment-a-population-based-study-in-iran
#17
Marzieh Katibeh, Zhale Rajavi, Mehdi Yaseri, Simin Hosseini, Sara Hosseini, Shadi Akbarian, Mojtaba Sehat
BACKGROUNDS: To assess the role of socio-economic inequality in visual impairment (VI) in Varamin district, Iran. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using multistage cluster sampling method, 60 clusters (each with 50 subjects) were recruited and underwent clinical eye examinations. Socio-economic status (SES) was identified based on education, occupation, family assets and housing conditions that were measured at the participants' households using a semi-structured questionnaire and a two-step cluster analysis model...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112530/ethics-in-pharmacy-curriculum-for-undergraduate-pharmacy-students-a-needs-assessment-study
#18
Pooneh Salari, Mohammad Abdollahi
INTRODUCTION: Recent advances in pharmacy practice have created serious ethical challenges for the pharmacists. Pursuing a new philosophy of practice is required to overcome these challenges and optimize the standard of care. In this regard, the current ethics guideline in the Pharmacy curriculum used in Tehran University of Medical Sciences, does not provide a fully comprehensive understanding of the issue. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to revise the current curriculum based on a needs assessment study...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112529/frequency-and-risk-factors-of-penicillin-and-amoxicillin-allergy-in-suspected-patients-with-drug-allergy
#19
Mohammad Reza Fazlollahi, Katayoon Bidad, Raheleh Shokouhi, Raheleh Dashti, Mohammad Nabavi, Masoud Movahedi, Mohammad Hasan Bemanian, Ali Reza Shafiei, Najmoddin Kalantari, Effat Sadat Farboud, Zahra Pourpak, Mostafa Moin
BACKGROUND: Unconfirmed beta-lactam allergy is a significant public health problem because of the limitations it imposes in drug selection. In this study, we aimed to evaluate patients referred for beta-lactam allergy to determine the frequency of confirmed beta-lactam allergy and identify some risk factors. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, all referred patients to Immunology, Asthma and Allergy Research Institute in Tehran University of Medical Sciences (between 2007 - 2009) who suspected to have beta-lactam allergy were entered into this study based on having the inclusion criteria...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112528/omega-3-fatty-acid-could-increase-one-of-myokines-in-male-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
Fahimeh Agh, Niyaz Mohammadzadeh Honarvar, Mahmoud Djalali, Ebrahim Nematipour, Sanaz Gholamhoseini, Mahnaz Zarei, Samaneh Ansari, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 fatty acids have a protective role against cardiovascular disease and these protective properties are attributed to its anti-inflammatory effects. Myokines have anti-inflammatory properties and thereby reduce low-grade inflammation. Irisin, as a myokine, is considered to be therapeutic for human metabolic diseases. This study was conducted to determine the effects of Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation on serum irisin in men with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: This study was an 8-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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