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Archives of Iranian Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137470/controversies-in-management-of-hyperthyroidism-during-pregnancy
#1
Fereidoun Azizi, Atieh Amouzegar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137469/photoclinic
#2
Ali Zare-Mirzaie, Mohammad Ahangarani Farahani, Gholamhossein Aghaei, Katayoun Ziari, Moeinadin Safavi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137468/epidemiology-of-neuroendocrine-tumors-in-an-iranian-population
#3
Mona MalekZadeh, Sam Alahyari, Saleh Sandoughdaran, Hanieh Zham
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a rare and heterogeneous group of malignancies most commonly found in the gastrointestinal system. In this study, we examined the epidemiology of NETs in an Iranian population. The incident NET cases diagnosed between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014 were collected from databases of three hospitals in Tehran (Shoada-e-Tajrish Hospital, Imam Hossein Hospital and Pars Hospital).  A total of 291 cases with NET diagnosis were identified. The most common NET location was gastrointestinal (71...
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137467/evaluation-of-serum-copper-level-in-naswar-smokeless-tobacco-addicts-using-flame-atomic-absorption-spectroscopy
#4
Asmat Ullah, Abad Khan, Zafar Iqbal, Ismail Khan
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse and its consequences are a matter of great concern in South-East Asian countries, especially Pakistan and Afghanistan. Due to contamination of Naswar with copper, or by any other physiological mechanism, there is a great chance of copper poisoning in addicts. Keeping in view the literature, there is no comparative study on serum copper levels (SCuL) in Naswar addicts. Therefore, it is very important to evaluate SCuL in this population. METHODS: The current study was performed in September 2016 where a total of 75 volunteers (selected from villages near the University of Peshawar, Pakistan) were grouped as Naswar addicts (n = 45) and the control group (n = 30)...
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137466/evaluation-of-extremity-injuries-presented-to-emergency-department
#5
Ali Karakus, Guven Kuvandik, Ezgi Atalay
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to review cases with firearms injury of extremities presented to our hospital. METHODS: After approval by Institutional Board, electronic database was retrospectively screened for firearms injury of extremities between 2012 and 2015. Overall, 600 cases with firearms injury of extremities were included in the study. Cases were assessed for demographic and clinical characteristics, Mangled extremity severity score (MESS), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), costs and outcomes...
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137465/a-trial-on-the-effects-of-magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin-d-co-supplementation-on-glycemic-control-and-markers-of-cardio-metabolic-risk-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#6
Mehri Jamilian, Maryam Maktabi, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND: There is scarce data on the effects of magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation on glycemic control and markers of cardio-metabolic risk among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The objective of this study was to assess the effects of magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation on glycemic control and markers of cardio-metabolic risk in women with PCOS. METHODS: Sixty PCOS women were randomized into two groups and treated with 100 mg of magnesium, 4 mg of zinc, 400 mg of calcium plus 200 IU of vitamin D supplements (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) twice a day for 12 weeks...
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137464/zero-and-five-end-digit-preference-and-blood-pressure-quality-of-care-revisited
#7
Mehdi Yaseri, Mohsen Afarideh, Mostafa Hosseini, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Ali Rafei, Jalil Koohpayehzadeh, Fereshteh Asgari, Koorosh Etemad, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Sina Noshad, Mohsen Bagheri, Neamatollah Ataei
BACKGROUND: To determine the rate of zero and five end-digit preference (EDP) for systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP, respectively) and risk factors amongst a representative sample of Iranian adults in the year 2011. METHODS: Data gathered from 7997 Iranian adults aged 25-70 were extracted from the database of the sixth Survey of Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases, which surveyed a total of 11,864 individuals aged 6 to 70 years...
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137463/normalized-weight-of-iranian-newborns-according-to-gestational-age-a-nationwide-study
#8
Soraya Saleh Gargari, Farahnaz Torkestani, Vahid Eidkhani, Afshin Amini, Ali Kabir
BACKGROUND: By organizing birth weights according to gestational age at birth, reference weight values for different sex-gestational ages are provided. METHODS: Data of 1,090,779 mothers and their neonates were gathered from 30 provinces of Iran. Pregnancy complications, maternal risk factors, type of delivery, maternal outcome, neonatal sex and APGAR score were determined. Birth weights were quantified into 3rd, 50th and 97th centile. Regression analysis was used to estimate birth weight of neonates...
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048926/kheyr-on-nessa-amoli-an-iranian-lady-physician-in-the-gurkani-court-of-india
#9
Seyyed Alireza Golshani, Ziba Ghafouri, Mohammad Ebrahim Zohalinezhad
The popularity of the science of medicine in the Gurkani Court of India relied on the presence and scientific work of Iranian scholars. Iranian women, like men, enjoyed this area of science and were also actively involved in social issues. The remarkable participation of Iranian female physicians in some medical fields, such as issues and care in pregnancy, child-bearing, and baby care, is among their scientific contributions to the changes and growing trends in medicine. These affairs were monopolized by women who held this knowledge for centuries...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048925/photoclinic
#10
Mahnaz Pejman Sani, Keivan Gohari Moghadam, Mahbube Ebrahimpur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048924/de-novo-mutation-in-cacna1s-gene-in-a-20-year-old-man-diagnosed-with-metabolic-myopathy
#11
Masoud Edizadeh, Raheleh Vazehan, Fatemeh Javadi, Shima Dehdahsi, Mahsa Fadaee, Mehrshid Faraji Zonooz, Elham Parsimehr, Fatemeh Ahangari, Ayda Abolhassani, Zahra Kalhor, Zohreh Fattahi, Maryam Beheshtian, Ariana Kariminejad, Mohammad Reza Akbari, Hossein Najmabadi, Shahriar Nafissi
The calcium channel, voltage-dependent, L-type, alpha 1S subunit (CACNA1S) gene encodes a skeletal Ca2+ channel which is involved in calcium-dependent processes such as muscle contraction and neurotransmitter release. Mutations in this gene have been accompanied by hypo- and normokalemic periodic paralysis, thyrotoxic periodic paralysis, and susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia. We report the clinical and genetic findings in a patient diagnosed with metabolic myopathy who had episodic attacks of muscle pain and weakness but with no family background of the disease...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048923/protocol-design-for-large-scale-cross-sectional-studies-of-surveillance-of-risk-factors-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-iran-steps-2016
#12
Shirin Djalalinia, Mitra Modirian, Ali Sheidaei, Moein Yoosefi, Hossein Zokaiee, Bahman Damirchilu, Zohreh Mahmoudi, Negar Mahmoudi, Mohammad Javad Hajipour, Niloofar Peykari, Nazila Rezaei, Rosa Haghshenas, Mohammad Hossein Mohammadi, Alireza Delavari, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Shohreh Naderimagham, Ahmad Kousha, Alireza Moghisi, Alireza Mahdavihezaveh, Kambiz Abachizadeh, Reza Majdzadeh, Ali Akbar Sayyari, Reza Malekzadeh, Bagher Larijani, Farshad Farzadfar
INTRODUCTION: The rise in non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has gained increasing attention. There is a great need for reliable data to address such problems. Here, we describe the development of a comprehensive set of executive and scientific protocols and instructions of STEPs 2016. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a large-scale cross-sectional study of Surveillance of Risk Factors of NCDs in Iran. Through systematic proportional to size cluster random sampling, 31,050 participants enrolled in three sequential processes, of completing questionnaires; physical measurements, and lab assessment...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048922/an-overview-of-tracheal-stenosis-research-trends-and-hot-topics
#13
Roya Farzanegan, Mansoureh Feizabadi, Fariba Ghorbani, Masoud Movassaghi, Esmaeil Vaziri, Mahdi Zangi, Seyedamirmohammad Lajevardi, Mohammad Behgam Shadmehr
BACKGROUND: Tracheal stenosis remains a challenge in the thoracic surgery field. Recognizing the hot topics and major concepts in this area would help the health policy makers to determine their own priorities and design the effective research plans. The present study analyzed and mapped the topics and trends of tracheal stenosis studies over time as well as authors' and countries' contributions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Search results were obtained employing Bibexcel...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048921/infrastructures-required-for-the-expansion-of-family-physician-program-to-urban-settings-in-iran
#14
Leila Doshmangir, Mohammad Bazyar, Parinaz Doshmangir, Hakimeh Mostafavi, Amirhossein Takian
INTRODUCTION: Following the implementation of Family Physician (FP) Program in rural areas and cities with populations under 20000 in 2005, the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education in 2012 decided to implement urban FP in large cities with populations more than 20000. Along with the development and implementation of urban FP in Iran, local websites and newspapers reflected the viewpoints of experts in various levels of health system regarding the various stages of Family Medicine (FM) development (from agenda setting to initial stages of implementation)...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048920/different-role-of-ca1-5ht3-serotonin-receptors-on-memory-acquisition-deficit-induced-by-total-tsd-and-rem-sleep-deprivation-rsd
#15
Zainab Eydipour, Gholamhassan Vaezi, Mohammad Nasehi, Seyed-Ali Haeri-Rouhani, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast
BACKGROUND: Serotonin receptors such as 5-HT3 plays critical role in regulation of sleep, wake cycle and cognitive process. Thus, we investigated the role of CA1 5HT3 serotonin receptors in memory acquisition deficit induced by total sleep deprivation (TSD; for 24 hour) and REM sleep deprivation (RSD; for 24 hour). Pain perception and locomotor activity were also assessed as factors that may affect the memory process. METHODS: Modified water box and multi-platform apparatus were used to induce TSD or RSD, respectively...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048919/does-treatment-of-either-hypothyroidy-or-hyperthyroidy-affect-diurnal-blood-pressure
#16
Mutlu Demirel, Gül Gürsoy, Mehmet Yıldız
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid hormone has well recognized effects on the cardiovascular system. The purpose of this study was to define the influence of treatment of either hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism on the values and circadial variations of arterial blood pressure measured by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 30 hypothyroidic and 30 hyperthyroidic patients without hypertension and 46 healthy participants. First, all the parameters of the groups, then blood pressure values obtained by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring before and after treatment (thyroid hormone replacement with levothyroxine and antithyroid treatment either with propylthyrouracil or metimazole) were compared...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048918/cost-effectiveness-of-screening-colonoscopy-in-iranian-high-risk-population
#17
Hamideh Javadinasab, Rajabali Daroudi, Hamideh Salimzadeh, Alireza Delavari, Payam Vezvaie, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth most common cancer among men and the second among women in Iran. First-Degree Relatives (FDRs) of patients with CRC are known to be at higher risk of CRC. The aim of this study was to identify the most cost-effective strategy for CRC screening in Iranian high risk individuals. METHODS: A Markov model was developed to assess the cost-effectiveness of six colonoscopy screening strategies for individuals at increased risk of CRC because of positive history of the disease in at least one first-degree relative in their family...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048917/a-population-based-study-of-the-prevalence-of-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-and-its-related-factors-among-iranian-reproductive-age-women-an-updated-data
#18
Hadigheh Kazemijaliseh, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Samira Behboudi-Gandevani, Davood Khalili, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is one of the most common gynecologic complaints among reproductive-age women. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of AUB and its related factors among reproductive age Iranian women. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 1393 women aged 15 - 45 years who participated in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study in 2009 - 2012. FIGO terminology and previous definitions were used for classification of AUB...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846021/remembering-marcel-baltazard-great-researcher-and-the-french-president-of-pasteur-institute-of-iran
#19
Marjan Keypour, Manijeh Yousefi Behzadi, Ehsan Mostafavi
Dr. Marcel Baltazard (1908-1971), French scientist and former director of Pasteur Institute of Iran, is known in the international arena due to his research on the control of infectious diseases such as plague, rabies, relapsing fever, leprosy, smallpox and tuberculosis. Dr. Baltazard also played a significant role in the launch of vaccination against tuberculosis, cholera and smallpox. Dr. Baltazard's spent the first 13 years of academic life at Pasteur Institute of Casablanca, Morocco, and then 20 years at Pasteur Institute of Iran and over the last five years at Pasteur Institute of Paris...
August 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846020/a-girl-with-abdominal-pain
#20
Seyyed Hamid Mousavi, Ali Nazeri, Nasrollah Behjati, Alireza Asadi Karam, Seyyed Faraz Nejati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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