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Archives of Iranian Medicine

Rambod Mozafari, Ali Asadollahi-Amin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Neslihan Çelik, Onur Çelik, Onur Ünal
Chickenpox, an infection of childhood with vesicular skin rash, is caused by varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Although the infection is rare in adults, it can cause serious complications Varicella pneumonia is the most encountered complication. In this report, a VZV pneumonia case in a previously healthy adult is presented. The patient was treated with early intravenous acyclovir and both clinical and radiographic recovery has been observed.
May 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Mehdi Javanbakht, Ahmad Reza Jamshidi, Hamid Reza Baradaran, Zahra Mohammadi, Atefeh Mashayekhi, Farhad Shokraneh, Mohsen Rezai Hamami, Raziyeh Yazdani Bakhsh, Hossien Shabaninejad, Sajad Delavari, Arash Tehrani
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence from prospective cohort studies show a relationship between consumption of dairy foods and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This association highlights the importance of dairy foods consumption in prevention of these diseases and also reduction of associated healthcare costs. The aim of this study was to estimate avoidable healthcare costs of CVD and T2D through adequate dairy foods consumption in Iran. METHODS: This was a multistage modelling study...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Kamal Dumaidi, Amer Al-Jawabreh
BACKGROUND: Pertussis caused by Bordetella pertussis is a vaccine-preventable disease causing whooping cough in humans of all ages. This study reports infection rate of pertussis in Palestine between the years 2004-2008 from archived nasopharyngeal samples collected from clinically- suspected cases. METHODS: A convenience archived DNA samples collected from 267 clinically-suspected pertussis cases were investigated for B. pertussis. Laboratory diagnosis was done by examining all DNA samples using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Arash Rashidian, Mohammad Arab, Mohammadreza Vaez Mahdavi, Koimars Ashtarian, Hakimeh Mostafavi
BACKGROUND: Health systems have a set of limited resources for meeting the needs of communities. Health priority setting based on criteria and values is inevitable in such situation. This paper aims to identify the social values that are considered in Iranian health system. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in 3 steps including collecting national documents and literature review, interviewing key informants, and a 2 round Delphi. Interviews and documents were analyzed through thematic framework analysis...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Atefeh Tavakolian, Farideh Siavoshi, Fereshteh Eftekhar
BACKGROUND: Coexistence of bacteria and yeast in a myriad of microbial communities is indicative of their intimate relationship, which could be the intracellular existence of bacteria inside yeast. In this study, the intracellular existence of bacteria inside yeast and bacterial release from amphotericin B-treated yeasts was examined using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and microscopy. METHODS: Released bacteria, B1 from Y1 (a gastric yeast) and B2 from Y2 (an oral yeast) were identified as Staphylococcus hominis and Staphylococcus haemolyticus by biochemical tests as well as amplification of Staph-specific tuf and 16S rRNA genes...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Alale Roozdar, Malcolm M Hayes, Bahram Pourseyedei, Hamid Zeinalinejad, Manzumeh Shamsi Meymandi, Bahram Dabiri, Shahriar Dabiri
BACKGROUND: Gene expression profiling of breast cancer has demonstrated the importance of stromal response in determining the prognosis of invasive breast cancer. The host response to breast cancer is of increasing interest to pathologists and may be a future focus for novel pharmacological treatments. METHODS: This study describes the pattern of distribution of stromal myofibroblasts using immunostains for CD10 and smooth muscle actin (SMA) in 50 primary breast cancers and their matched nodal metastases (68...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Mohammad Zamani, Reza Alizadeh-Navaei, Yadollah Zahed Pasha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Masoud Behzadifar, Meysam Behzadifar, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Houssem Harbi, Amine Chaabouni, Rim Kallel, Nozha Toumi, Sami Fendri, Jihene Krichene, Salah Boujelbene, Rafik Mzali
Isolated macro-nodular liver tuberculosis is a very rare condition. It may mimic primitive or secondary tumors of the liver. This could delay or mislead the therapeutic management. An immunocompetent 48-year-old man with a history of non-metastatic seminoma was treated with right orchidectomy followed by 20 Gy radiotherapy. The discovery, 8 months later, of a 2 cm nodule of the hepatic dome evoked a liver metastasis. Percutaneous biopsy was not feasible. Wedge resection was performed whereas medical treatment would have sufficed, as pathologic examination of the resected specimen showed a macro-nodular hepatic tuberculosis...
April 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Masoumeh Hosseini, Hossein Najmabadi, Kimia Kahrizi
Calpains are a group of non-lysosomal Ca2+ -dependent cysteine proteases with numerous substrates. Calpains have been identified in almost all eukaryotes and bacteria but not in archaebacteria. In the human genome, this group of enzymes has 15 isoforms and is present ubiquitously and demonstrates tissue-specific patterns of expression. Calpains are involved in different physiological and pathological processes such as cell proliferation, migration, invasion, apoptosis and signal transduction and their roles in various disorders have been reported...
April 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohammad Ali Mansournia
The goal of many observational studies is to estimate the causal effect of an exposure on an outcome after adjustment for confounders, but there are still some serious errors in adjusting confounders in clinical journals. Standard regression modeling (e.g., ordinary logistic regression) fails to estimate the average effect of exposure in total population in the presence of interaction between exposure and covariates, and also cannot adjust for time-varying confounding appropriately. Moreover, stepwise algorithms of the selection of confounders based on P values may miss important confounders and lead to bias in effect estimates...
April 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Saman Nikeghbalian, Hamed Nikoupour, Masoud Dehghani, Mohammad Yasin Karami, Rahim Hemati
BACKGROUND: Treatment of peritoneal metastases has gained interest among oncologic communities around the world. Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraoperative chemotherapy (HIPEC) have come to be the treatment of choice for selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) in recent years. Prior to HIPEC, patients were treated with palliative support and only guaranteed a few months to live. We reviewed our first 30 patients who underwent CRS and HIPEC. The aim of the study was assessment of the patients' survival, morbidity, and mortality rate and identifying prognostic factors of patients treated with CRS and HIPEC...
April 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Mitra Radfar, Mozhgan Hashemieh, Minoo Fallahi, Reza Masihi
BACKGROUND: The present study was conducted to determine the utility of Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology II (SNAP II) and Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology with Perinatal Extension II (SNAPPE II) scoring systems as predictors of neonatal mortality rate, and to compare the predictive value of these two methods. METHODS: In this prospective study data were gathered from infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Imam Hossein Medical Center, Tehran, Iran, from March 2015 to December 2015...
April 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Golnaz Rezaeizadeh, Hossein Dalili, Mamak Shariat, Mohadeseh Fallahi, Other Other Members Of Maternal Group, Fatemeh Nayeri
BACKGROUND: Neonatal registry network systems are conducted worldwide in order to improve the quality of neonatal care and also to integrate research into daily practice. METHODS: We designed a neonatal registry system and conducted a pilot study in Vali-Asr Hospital to explore its effectiveness to develop an overview of our neonatal status. This study is a report of three years of data registry (2013-2016) in above mentioned system. RESULTS: Data were collected from 3360 neonates admitted to level 2 of neonatal ward, and NICU (level 3) of the Vali-Asr Hospital...
April 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Hamed Pouraram, Abolghasem Djazayery, Kazem Mohammad, Mahboobeh Parsaeian, Zahra Abdollahi, Ahmadreza Dorosty Motlagh, Mahmoud Djalali, Katayoon Khodaverdian, Gity Sotoudeh, Amirhusein Yarparvar, Ramin Heshmat, Fereydoun Siassi
BACKGROUND: The main objective of the Second National Integrated Micronutrient Survey (NIMS-II) was to assess the nutritional status of four micronutrients, namely iron, zinc, and vitamins A and D, and also to conduct an anthropometric assessment of selected groups of children, adolescents, pregnant women, and adults, disaggregated by sex and residential area in nationally representative samples. This paper reports the design of the study along with preliminary findings. METHODS: In this study, 32 770 individuals were selected by using single-stage cluster sampling...
April 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Pedzisai Mazengenya, Rashid Bhikha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Pekka J Kuusela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Hakan Ercil, Ergun Alma, Mehmet Eflatun Deniz, Umut Unal, Alper Sozutek
Pilonidal sinus, including one or more sinus canals and hairs, is a disease with a chronic course showing acute attacks which is often encountered in the general population, usually affecting young adults, at a rate in males twice that of females. Pilonidal sinus on the penis is so rare that very few cases have been reported in literature. A 20-year-old male presented to the urology outpatient clinic with the complaint of a suppurative lesion with discharge on the skin of the penis which had been ongoing for approximately three months...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Ali Gholami, Hamid Reza Baradaran, Shahab Khatibzadeh, Ali Sheidaei, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Farshad Farzadfar
BACKGROUND: Dietary salt consumption is an important factor for mortality from cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Therefore, the aim of this study is to measure the levels of salt consumption and then estimate the effects of current levels of salt consumption on mortality from CVDs at national and subnational levels from 1990 to 2016 in Iran. METHODS: In this study, we will use national and subnational studies with data on salt consumption, including self-report or lab tests for sodium measurement and all available published data about salt and sodium (with conduct a systematic review) to estimate salt exposure levels...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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