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Archives of Iranian Medicine

Mohammad Hossein Azizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Sepideh Mahdavi, Mostafa Enayatrad, Alzira Mp de Almeida, Ehsan Mostafavi
In Iran and also throughout the world, Dr. Mahmoud Bahmanyar (1919-2007) is acknowledged as a well-known researcher mainly in the field of rabies and plague. As an expert of plague for the World Health Organization (WHO), he accomplished many missions in several countries such as India, Cambodia, Myanmar, Indonesia, Vietnam, Yemen, and Brazil. His research on rabies has played an important role leading to the successful combined use of immune-serum and anti-rabies vaccine for prevention of human rabies worldwide...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Mahdi Sheikh, Hossein Poustchi
Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV), can now be safely treated with oral, well-tolerated medications with >90% success rates, however, currently <5% of the infected individuals have been diagnosed and <1% have received treatment. This is believed to be due to the complicated, time-consuming and expensive disease management processes that require several referrals to specialized laboratories and hospital-based clinics, and also the epidemic of HCV infection among populations who have low uptake for evaluation, appointments, and treatment...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Parisa Ghelichkhani, Mehdi Yaseri, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Masoud Baikpour, Hadi Asady, Alireza Oraii, Ali Rafei, Mostafa Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Hookah and cigarette smoking have adverse effects on individuals' health and therefore place a great burden on public health. The aim of this study was to measure inequalities in socioeconomic position to determine contributing factors on cigarette and hookah smoking in Iran. METHODS: In this study, secondary analysis of the Iran's sixth national Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases (SuRFNCD-2011) was conducted for 10,572 individuals aged 15 to 70 years old...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Hasan Jalaeikhoo, Morteza Sharifzadeh, Mohsen Rajaeinejad, Manoutchehr Keyhani, Mohammad Zokaasadi
BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma (MM) accounts for a substantial mortality rate among hematological cancers. The prognosis of the disease has been noticeably changed during the past 2 decades. This study reports a retrospective analysis of 345 MM cases from 2 cancer centers. METHODS: Medical records of 345 MM cases were analyzed in retrospect. Diagnosis of MM was defined in presence of at least 10% plasma cells in bone marrow biopsy and one of the CRAB findings (hypercalcemia, renal failure, anemia and myeloma bone lesions)...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Mohammad-Hossein Taziki, Abdolreza Fazel, Fatemeh Salamat, Seyed-Mehdi Sedaghat, Mohammad Ashaari, Hossein Poustchi, Ramin Shakeri, Reza Hoseinpoor, Susan Hasanpour-Heidari, Gholamreza Roshandel
BACKGROUND: Golestan province, in Northern Iran, is a high-risk area for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). SCC is also the most common histological type of cancers of the head and neck region including cancers of oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx. We aimed to present the incidence rate of head and neck SCC (HNSCC) in Golestan province during 2004 and 2013. METHODS: Data on HNSCC were obtained from Golestan population-based cancer registry (GPCR)...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Songül Ünüvar, Gözde Girgin, Tevfik Tolga Şahin, Bilge Kılıçarslan, Ferit Taneri, Osman Yüksel, Terken Baydar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the degradation of tryptophan (Trp), neopterin production and antioxidant capacity in patients with benign and malignant thyroid disease. METHODS: For this reason, the levels of tryptophan, kynurenine (Kyn) and neopterin, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) enzyme activities in 67 thyroid patients were evaluated in our study and the results were compared with 30 healthy controls. RESULTS: Tryptophan and kynurenine levels in thyroid patients decreased compared to the control group...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Ali Hosseinsabet, Mohsen Faal, Akbar Shafiee, Hassan Aghajani, Maryam Sotoudeh Anvari, Arash Jalali, Younes Nozari, Hamidreza Pourhosseini, Mojtaba Salarifar, Alireza Amirzadegan, Seyed Ebrahim Kassaian, Mohammad Alidoosti, Alimohammad Hajizeinali, Ebrahim Nematipour
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is identified as dilation of one or more segments of coronary arteries that reaches 1.5 times or more, compared with near segments that are normal. Several etiologies like atherosclerosis, autoimmune diseases and congenital anomalies have been proposed for this condition. Vitamin D deficiency activates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which affects the cardiovascular system. For these reasons, we investigated the serum level of vitamin D in patients with CAE compared with individuals with normal coronary arteries...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Niusha Abbasi Gamasaee, Maryam Radmansouri, Saeedeh Ghiasvand, Fatemeh Shahriari, Hadi Zare Marzouni, Hoda Aryan, Ehsan Jangholi, Mohammad Amin Javidi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the major cause of death from cancer among women around the world. Given the drug resistance in the treatment of this disease, it is very important to identify new therapies and anticancer drugs. Many studies demonstrated that hypericin could induce apoptosis in different cancer cell lines; however, the underlying mechanism is not well understood yet. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the anticancer effect of hypericin in two breast cancer cell lines, one with wild type P53 and the other with mutant P53...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Yadollah Zahed Pasha, Mohammad Zamani, Ali Hashemi Fard, Ermia Zahed Pasha
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the results of hearing screening in all newborn infants, and their follow-up in Babol, northern Iran. METHODS: Between 2006 and 2014, all healthy neonates delivered in 3 hospitals were included in this cross-sectional study. Newborns were screened using the transient evoked otoacoustic emissions test before discharge. Those who failed to pass the examination were tested for auditory brainstem response (ABR) by the age of one month...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Mohammad Hossein Azizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Hadi Mirfazaelian, Atousa Akhgar, Fahimeh Farajidaneshgar, Yahya Daneshbod
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi
Many reported scientific misconducts included duplication, data fabrication and falsification; but recent fake peer reviews have become strange news for many researchers worldwide. Using gmail and other non-academic emails to correspond with journals should be highly prohibited. Indeed, the dark part of this story is lack of conscience by editors who run some journals. Our suggestion in this paper can decrease the chance of repeating similar retractions in close future.
August 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Hamed Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Seyed Massood Nabavi, Ali Asghar Akhlaghi, Jaleh Gholami, Kazem Mohammad, Reza Majdzadeh
Randomized clinical trials are considered the ideal source for generation of robust evidence for clinical and public health decision making. Estimation of treatment effect in observational studies is always subject to varying degrees of bias due to lack of random allocation, blindness, precise definition of intervention, as well as the existence of potential unknown and unmeasured confounding variables. Unlike other conventional methods, instrumental variable analysis (IVA), as a method for controlling confounding bias in non-randomized studies, attempts to estimate the treatment effect with the least bias even without knowing and measuring the potential confounders in the causal pathway...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Noushin Pouryazdanpanah, Reza Vahidi, Shahriar Dabiri, Ali Derakhshani, Alireza Farsinezhad
BACKGROUND: The mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) of peripheral blood (PB) have been recognized as a promising source for allogeneic cell therapy. The objective of the present study was to isolate and characterize MSCs derived from non-mobilized PB, and evaluate their differentiation potential. METHODS: The buffy coat mononuclear fractions of the PB were concentrated using the Ficoll-Paque density gradient centrifugation and were grown on primary and secondary culture media, respectively...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Golnaz Azami, Soh Kim Lam, Sazlina Shariff-Ghazali, Salmiah Md Said, Sanaz Aazami, Mosayeb Mozafari, Hamid Taghinejad
BACKGROUND: The theory if self-efficacy is the central concept of social cognitive theory with emphasis on the constructs of efficacy expectation, outcome expectation. Efficacy expectation is defined as the person's confidence to carry out a specific behavior. Outcome expectation is beliefs that carrying out a specific behavior will lead to a specific outcome. While the benefit of measuring outcome expectations has been established, there has been no large scale within the Iranian context...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Min Huang, Hao Wu, Jing Zhou, Min Xu, Suming Zhou
BACKGROUND: Vancomycin is widely used for infections caused by gram-positive bacteria, but little attention has been paid to vancomycin in the treatment of critically ill patients aged ≥80 years. The aim of the current study was to investigate the efficacy of vancomycin and risk factors associated with nephrotoxicity of vancomycin in elderly critically ill patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in a 14-bed medical-surgical geriatric ICU between January 2007 and June 2014...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Hassan Aghajani, Paniz Nezami, Akbar Shafiee, Arash Jalali, Alireza Nezami, Younes Nozari, Hamidreza Pourhosseini, Seyed Ebrahim Kassaian, Mojtaba Salarifar, Alimohammad Hajzeinali, Alireza Amirzadegan, Mohammad Alidoosti, Ebrahim Nematipour
BACKGROUND: We aimed to recognize the predictors of long-term major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in the elderly candidates for elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at our center. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we reviewed the data of the elderly (age ≥65 years) candidates for elective PCI who met our study criteria, at Tehran heart center between 2004 and 2013. Demographic, anthropometric, clinical, angiographic, procedural and follow-up data of the enrolled patients were retrieved from the angiography/PCI databank of our center...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Abdullah Gandomkar, Hossein Poustchi, Fatemeh Malekzadeh, Masoud M Malekzadeh, Maryam Moini, Mohsen Moghadami, Hadi Imanieh, Mohammad Reza Fattahi, Mohammad Mahdi Sagheb, Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Ayatollahi, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is an important risk factor for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality and morbidity among Iranians. We aimed to estimate its prevalence, correlates, and its rate of awareness, treatment, and control in South of Iran. METHODS: The Pars Cohort Study (PCS) was launched in a district of Fars province. All residents between 40 and 75 years old in the district were recruited from 2012 to 2014. Hypertension was defined as either systolic/diastolic blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mm Hg or taking medications...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Parissa Massahikhaleghi, Arash Tehrani-Banihashemi, Sayed Ataullah Saeedzai, Sayyed Musa Hossaini, Sayed Amin Hamedi, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Mohsen Naghavi, Christopher J L Murray, Ali H Mokdad
BACKGROUND: Afghanistan is one of the low-income countries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region with young population and myriad of healthcare needs. We aim to report the burden of diseases and injuries in Afghanistan between 1990 and 2016. METHODS: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2016 study for estimates of deaths, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), years of life lost, years of life lived with disability, maternal mortality ratio (MMR), neonatal mortality rates (NMRs) and under 5 mortality rates (U5MR) in Afghanistan...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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