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Archives of Iranian Medicine

Mahboobeh Farkhondehzadeh, Seyyed Alireza Golshani
The knowledge of medicine underwent a revolution in the Qajar period, especially during the reign of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar (1831-1896 AD). The dispatch of students to Europe, establishment of Dar ul-Funun, Hafez al-Seheh Assembly, and clinics, entrance of European teachers and physicians to Iran, approval of medical rules by the parliament, introduction of a new therapeutic style, and translation of medical textbooks into Persian were some of the changes that occurred during this period. As a result, modern medicine influenced the Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine...
October 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Mohammad Ebrahim Khamseh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Ehsan Bahramali, Negar Firouzabadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Behnam Honarvar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Samira Shahbazzadegan, Mahmood Shamshiri, Shahrzad Ghiasvandian, Zahra Behboodi Moghadam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Seyedeh Sedigheh Abedini, Kimia Kahrizi, Lluis Ribas de Pouplana, Hossein Najmabadi
In all organisms, transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules are required to undergo post-transcriptional modifications at different levels in order to convert into mature tRNAs. These modifications are critical for many aspects of tRNA function and structure, such as translational efficiency, flexibility, codon-anticodon interaction, stability, and fidelity. Up to now, over 100 modified nucleosides have been identified in tRNAs from all domains of life. Post-transcriptional modifications include different chemical processes such as methylation, deamination, or acetylation, with methylation reactions as the most common...
October 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Behnoush Khashei, Masoumeh Arab Baferani, Rouzbeh Bashar, Alireza Gholami, Fatemeh Jahanbakhsh, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Maryam Fazeli
BACKGROUND: Rabies, as the most important zoonotic disease, is transmitted through a bite or scratch by an infected domestic or wild carnivores and bats or contact of open wound with infected saliva. The fluorescent antibody test (FAT) is the "gold standard" diagnostic method for suspected brain samples. For close monitoring of unknown encephalitis, rabies surveillance, and also the limitations for post-mortem diagnosis of rabies in human and performing fast prophylactic measures for other individuals in contact with rabid patients, ante-mortem diagnosis based on molecular methods such as real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) seems to be more reliable...
October 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Somaye Norouzi, Azade Kamel Ghalibaf, Samane Sistani, Vahideh Banazadeh, Fateme Keykhaei, Parisa Zareishargh, Fateme Amiri, Mohsen Nematy, Kobra Etminani
BACKGROUND: As a prevalent metabolic disease, diabetes has different side effects and causes a wide range of co morbidity with a high rate of mortality. There is a need for certain interventions to manage this disease. Iranians usually have three main meals a day. Considering the special needs of diabetic patients and the possibility of hypoglycemia between the main meals, it is essential for these patients to eat something as a snack. Considering these conditions and the society's orientation towards modern technologies such as smart phones, designing mobile-based nutrition recommender systems can be helpful...
October 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Zohreh Manoochehri, Mansour Rezaei, Nader Salari, Habibolah Khazaie, Behnam Khaledi Paveh, Sara Manoochehri
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) which is the most common sleep disorder breathing (SDB), imposes heavy costs on health and economy. The aim of this study was to provide models based on data mining approaches (C5.0 decision tree and logistic regression model [LRM]) and choose a top model for predicting OSA without polysomnography (PSG) devices that is a standard method for diagnosis of this disease, to identify patients with this syndrome payment. METHODS: In this cross sectional study, data was extracted from the medical records of 333 patients with sleep disorders who were referred to sleep disorders research center of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences during the years 2012-2016...
October 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Fereshteh Bahmani, Fatemeh Rahimi Galougahi, Zahra Vahedpoor, Mehri Jamilian, Samaneh Mahmoodi, Raheleh Baghban, Tayebeh Bagherian, Maryam Zarezade Mehrizi, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND: Data on the effects of folic acid supplementation on clinical symptoms and metabolic profiles of patients with endometrial hyperplasia (EH) are limited. This investigation was performed to evaluate the effects of folic acid supplementation on clinical symptoms and metabolic status of patients with EH. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted among 60 women diagnosed with EH. Diagnosis of EH was made based on biopsy results...
October 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Hossein Hajianfar, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Awat Feizi, Zahra Shahshahan, Leila Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: Most pregnancy-related complications are associated with increased risks of adverse outcomes for mother and her infant. Although, relations between diet and pregnancy's complications indicate that there may be some benefits of nutritional factors to prevent such disorders, there are rare studies regarding the associations of dietary patterns and mentioned complications. So, the aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of pregnancy-related complications...
October 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Aezam Katoonizadeh, Nazgol Motamed-Gorji, Maryam Sharafkhah, Mohammadreza Ostovaneh, Saeed Esmaili, Layli Eslami, Abdolsamad Gharravi, Masoud Khoshnia, Amaneh Shayanrad, Fatemeh Shakki Katouli, Abolfazl Shiravi Khuzani, Sedigheh Amini Kafi-Abad, Mahtab Maghsudlu, Jacob George, Hossein Poustchi, Reza Malekzadeh
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the intra-familial transmission of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in Golestan province, that has the highest prevalence of CHB in Iran. METHODS: The Golestan Cohort Study (GCS) is a population-based prospective study of 50045 individuals, 40 years or older, initially set-up to study upper GI cancers in Northern Iran. In 2008, a baseline measurement of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) on the stored serum of all GCS participants identified 3505 HBsAg+ individuals...
October 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Mohammad Hossein Azizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Sepideh Mahdavi, Mostafa Enayatrad, Alzira Mp de Almeida, Ehsan Mostafavi
In Iran and also throughout the world, Dr. Mahmoud Bahmanyar (1919-2007) is acknowledged as a well-known researcher mainly in the field of rabies and plague. As an expert of plague for the World Health Organization (WHO), he accomplished many missions in several countries such as India, Cambodia, Myanmar, Indonesia, Vietnam, Yemen, and Brazil. His research on rabies has played an important role leading to the successful combined use of immune-serum and anti-rabies vaccine for prevention of human rabies worldwide...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Mahdi Sheikh, Hossein Poustchi
Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV), can now be safely treated with oral, well-tolerated medications with >90% success rates, however, currently <5% of the infected individuals have been diagnosed and <1% have received treatment. This is believed to be due to the complicated, time-consuming and expensive disease management processes that require several referrals to specialized laboratories and hospital-based clinics, and also the epidemic of HCV infection among populations who have low uptake for evaluation, appointments, and treatment...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Parisa Ghelichkhani, Mehdi Yaseri, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Masoud Baikpour, Hadi Asady, Alireza Oraii, Ali Rafei, Mostafa Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Hookah and cigarette smoking have adverse effects on individuals' health and therefore place a great burden on public health. The aim of this study was to measure inequalities in socioeconomic position to determine contributing factors on cigarette and hookah smoking in Iran. METHODS: In this study, secondary analysis of the Iran's sixth national Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases (SuRFNCD-2011) was conducted for 10,572 individuals aged 15 to 70 years old...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Hasan Jalaeikhoo, Morteza Sharifzadeh, Mohsen Rajaeinejad, Manoutchehr Keyhani, Mohammad Zokaasadi
BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma (MM) accounts for a substantial mortality rate among hematological cancers. The prognosis of the disease has been noticeably changed during the past 2 decades. This study reports a retrospective analysis of 345 MM cases from 2 cancer centers. METHODS: Medical records of 345 MM cases were analyzed in retrospect. Diagnosis of MM was defined in presence of at least 10% plasma cells in bone marrow biopsy and one of the CRAB findings (hypercalcemia, renal failure, anemia and myeloma bone lesions)...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Mohammad-Hossein Taziki, Abdolreza Fazel, Fatemeh Salamat, Seyed-Mehdi Sedaghat, Mohammad Ashaari, Hossein Poustchi, Ramin Shakeri, Reza Hoseinpoor, Susan Hasanpour-Heidari, Gholamreza Roshandel
BACKGROUND: Golestan province, in Northern Iran, is a high-risk area for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). SCC is also the most common histological type of cancers of the head and neck region including cancers of oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx. We aimed to present the incidence rate of head and neck SCC (HNSCC) in Golestan province during 2004 and 2013. METHODS: Data on HNSCC were obtained from Golestan population-based cancer registry (GPCR)...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Songül Ünüvar, Gözde Girgin, Tevfik Tolga Şahin, Bilge Kılıçarslan, Ferit Taneri, Osman Yüksel, Terken Baydar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the degradation of tryptophan (Trp), neopterin production and antioxidant capacity in patients with benign and malignant thyroid disease. METHODS: For this reason, the levels of tryptophan, kynurenine (Kyn) and neopterin, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) enzyme activities in 67 thyroid patients were evaluated in our study and the results were compared with 30 healthy controls. RESULTS: Tryptophan and kynurenine levels in thyroid patients decreased compared to the control group...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Ali Hosseinsabet, Mohsen Faal, Akbar Shafiee, Hassan Aghajani, Maryam Sotoudeh Anvari, Arash Jalali, Younes Nozari, Hamidreza Pourhosseini, Mojtaba Salarifar, Alireza Amirzadegan, Seyed Ebrahim Kassaian, Mohammad Alidoosti, Alimohammad Hajizeinali, Ebrahim Nematipour
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is identified as dilation of one or more segments of coronary arteries that reaches 1.5 times or more, compared with near segments that are normal. Several etiologies like atherosclerosis, autoimmune diseases and congenital anomalies have been proposed for this condition. Vitamin D deficiency activates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which affects the cardiovascular system. For these reasons, we investigated the serum level of vitamin D in patients with CAE compared with individuals with normal coronary arteries...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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