journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Infectious Disease Reports

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203191/treating-hiv-positive-non-aids-patients-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-with-art
#1
REVIEW
Catia Cillóniz, Antonella Ielpo, Antoni Torres
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the most recent publications on community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the HIV-infected population on antiretroviral therapy (ART), focusing on epidemiology, prognostic factors, etiology, and antimicrobial therapy. The data discussed here were mainly obtained from a non-systematic review using Medline and references from relevant articles. RECENT FINDINGS: CAP remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality among HIV-infected patients and incurs high health costs despite the introduction of ART...
September 10, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191333/moving-past-the-routine-use-of-macrolides-reviewing-the-role-of-combination-therapy-in-community-acquired-pneumonia
#2
REVIEW
Geoffrey Shumilak, Wendy I Sligl
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite advances in diagnostic microbiology and sepsis management, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Current recommendations regarding the use of beta-lactams in combination with macrolides published in clinical practice guidelines are variable and based on low-quality evidence that is frequently retrospective, observational, and heterogeneous in nature. While population-based studies have historically suggested improved clinical outcomes with the routine use of macrolide combination therapy in hospitalized patients with CAP, emerging evidence from recent randomized controlled trials has challenged this practice...
September 6, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30155747/infectious-diseases-and-mass-gatherings
#3
REVIEW
Van-Thuan Hoang, Philippe Gautret
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mass gatherings (MGs) are characterized by a high concentration of people at a specific time and location. Infectious diseases are of particular concern at MGs. The aim of this review was to summarize findings in the field of infectious diseases with a variety of pathogens associated with international MGs in the last 5 years. RECENT FINDINGS: In the context of Hajj, one of the largest religious MGs at Mecca, Saudi Arabia, respiratory tract infections are the leading cause of infectious diseases in pilgrims with a prevalence of 50-93%...
August 28, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151658/candida-parapsilosis-vaginal-infection-a-new-site-of-azole-drug-resistance
#4
REVIEW
J D Sobel, S Suprapaneni
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Evaluation of pathogenicity of an uncommon vaginal Candida species, Candida parapsilosis with particular references to susceptibility to conventional antifungal agents. RECENT FINDINGS: C. parapsilosis vaginal isolates usually present in asymptomatic women as commensals but may induce vulvovaginal symptoms indistinguishable from C. albicans requiring antifungal therapy; however, recent experience reveals clinically relevant resistance to the azole class of antimycotics...
August 27, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128678/sink-related-outbreaks-and-mitigation-strategies-in-healthcare-facilities
#5
REVIEW
Leighanne O Parkes, Susy S Hota
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we summarize recent outbreaks attributed to hospital sinks and examine design features and behaviors that contributed to these outbreaks. The effectiveness of various risk mitigation strategies is presented. Finally, we examine investigational strategies targeted at reducing the risk of sink-related infections. RECENT FINDINGS: Outbreaks of hospital sink-related infections involve a diverse spectrum of microorganisms. They can be attributed to defects in sink design and hospital wastewater systems that promote the formation and dispersion of biofilm, as well as healthcare practitioner and patient behaviors...
August 20, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105583/the-effect-of-spray-cryotherapy-on-microbial-biofilms-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#6
REVIEW
Diana Vlad, Alina Dutu, Anda Apostol, Veronica Trombitas, Adrian Mihalca, Silviu Albu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Microbial biofilms seem to play an active role in the pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). They represent an adaptive defense resource enabling resistance to antibiotics and host defense mechanisms. Biofilms are thought to be accountable for refractory cases of sinusitis by perpetuating local inflammation. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of spray cryotherapy as a biofilm disruption agent in CRS in an in vitro model. RECENT FINDINGS: A total of 23 patients with CRS undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) were included...
August 13, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30069834/pediatric-antimicrobial-stewardship-state-of-the-art
#7
REVIEW
Emily J Godbout, Amy L Pakyz, John Daniel Markley, Andrew J Noda, Michael P Stevens
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aim to systematically review the literature on the effectiveness of pediatric antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) and antimicrobial stewardship (AS) strategies in the United States (US) inpatient setting. Furthermore, we review current gaps and challenges for unique pediatric populations and those in ambulatory settings. RECENT FINDINGS: Misuse and overuse of antimicrobials have been identified as key factors for antimicrobial resistance (AR)...
August 1, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30069787/zoonotic-influenza-and-human-health-part-2-clinical-features-diagnosis-treatment-and-prevention-strategies
#8
REVIEW
K Mehta, L W Goneau, J Wong, A G L'Huillier, J B Gubbay
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Zoonotic influenza viruses are those influenza viruses that cross the animal-human barrier and can cause disease in humans, manifesting from minor respiratory illnesses to multiorgan dysfunction. The increasing incidence of infections caused by these viruses worldwide has necessitated focused attention to improve both diagnostic as well as treatment modalities. In this second part of a two-part review, we discuss the clinical features, diagnostic modalities, and treatment of zoonotic influenza, and provide an overview of prevention strategies...
August 1, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30069735/zoonotic-influenza-and-human-health-part-1-virology-and-epidemiology-of-zoonotic-influenzas
#9
REVIEW
L W Goneau, K Mehta, J Wong, A G L'Huillier, J B Gubbay
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Zoonotic influenza viruses are those that cross the animal-human barrier and can cause disease in humans, manifesting from minor respiratory illnesses to multiorgan dysfunction. They have also been implicated in the causation of deadly pandemics in recent history. The increasing incidence of infections caused by these viruses worldwide has necessitated focused attention to improve both diagnostic as well as treatment modalities. In this first part of a two-part review, we describe the structure of zoonotic influenza viruses, the relationship between mutation and pandemic capacity, pathogenesis of infection, and also discuss history and epidemiology...
August 1, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30069605/diabetic-foot-infections-update-on-management
#10
REVIEW
Maria Nikoloudi, Ioanna Eleftheriadou, Anastasios Tentolouris, Ourania A Kosta, Nikolaos Tentolouris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diabetic foot infections (DFIs) are common in patients with diabetes mellitus complicated by foot ulcers and can be classified in different categories based on their severity. In this report, we present the diagnosis and management of DFIs according to their classification. RECENT FINDINGS: While appropriate antibiotic regiments and surgical techniques for the treatment of DFIs are well established, new technologies and techniques for example in medical imaging, wound care modalities, and supplementary therapy approaches show potentially promising results in preventing DFIs...
August 1, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066113/substance-use-and-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-what-is-known-and-what-is-unknown
#11
REVIEW
M Eugenia Socias, M-J Milloy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: People who use drugs face multiple challenges to achieve optimal HIV treatment outcomes. This review discusses the current knowledge in substance use and antiretroviral therapy adherence, highlighting recent findings and potential interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies continue to demonstrate the negative impacts of substance use and related disorders on antiretroviral therapy adherence, with the exception of cannabis. Evidence-based addiction treatment, in particular, opioid agonist therapy, appears to improve adherence levels...
July 31, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051191/hospital-acquired-infections-under-pay-for-performance-systems-an-administrative-perspective-on-management-and-change
#12
REVIEW
Rebecca A Vokes, Gonzalo Bearman, Gloria J Bazzoli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to explore the impact of hospital-acquired infection on payment under pay-for-performance systems, and provide perspective on the role of administrators in infection prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Hospital-acquired infections continue to pose a serious threat to patient safety and to the fiscal viability of healthcare facilities under pay-for-performance systems. There is mixed evidence that use of pay-for-performance systems leads to prevention of hospital-acquired conditions...
July 26, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959605/primary-prevention-of-clostridium-difficile-associated-diarrhea-current-controversies-and-future-tools
#13
REVIEW
Zachary A Rubin, Elise M Martin, Paul Allyn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients and rates in most places have not decreased significantly despite broad efforts by both hospitals and public health entities. This review aims to provide readers with a better understanding of the limitations of current prevention strategies. We also review potential future tools that may be available for the primary prevention of CDI in the next decade. RECENT FINDINGS: Research over the last decade has expanded our appreciation of the role of asymptomatic shedding in the healthcare setting and in the community...
June 29, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959591/acute-flaccid-paralysis-and-enteroviral-infections
#14
REVIEW
Ari Bitnun, E Ann Yeh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The focus of this review is on enterovirus (EV)-associated acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) due to spinal cord anterior horn cell disease. Emphasis is placed on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of AFP caused by polioviruses, vaccine-derived polioviruses, EV-D68, and EV-A71. RECENT FINDINGS: Since the launch of The Global Polio Eradication Initiative in 1988, the worldwide incidence of polio has been reduced by 99...
June 29, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959548/evolving-epidemiology-of-japanese-encephalitis-implications-for-vaccination
#15
REVIEW
John P Caldwell, Lin H Chen, Davidson H Hamer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We examine the present global burden of Japanese encephalitis (JE) in endemic populations, summarize published cases in travelers since 2009, examine current guidelines for vaccination for international travelers, and consider challenges in prevention of this vector-borne disease. RECENT FINDINGS: We identified 11 JE cases in travelers that were published in peer-reviewed literature since 2009. JE incidence in endemic countries appears to be declining but the number of JE cases reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) varied from estimates derived from other published reports based on serosurveys or sentinel surveillance...
June 29, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959546/ureaplasma-urealyticum-the-role-as-a-pathogen-in-women-s-health-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Hanna Hershko Kletzel, Reut Rotem, Moshe Barg, Jennia Michaeli, Orna Reichman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate the role of Ureaplasma urealyticum as a genital pathogen in women's health. Three aspects were analyzed: (1) preterm delivery (PTD); (2) female infertility; and (3) lower genital tract pathology including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), cervicitis, and genital discomfort (discharge, burning). RECENT FINDINGS: A systematic review was performed. Searching PUBMED and EMBASE for published articles from January 2003 to September 2017 using the key word "Ureaplasma urealyticum" yielded 1835 manuscripts...
June 29, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959545/the-current-state-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-challenges-successes-and-future-directions
#17
REVIEW
Jennifer Emberger, Dan Tassone, Michael P Stevens, J Daniel Markley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study is to examine the current state of the field of antimicrobial stewardship (AS) by highlighting key challenges and successes, as well as exciting future directions. RECENT FINDINGS: AS mandates from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) and the Joint Commission (TJC) will stimulate increased compliance with current AS standards, but overall compliance is currently poor. Key challenges to progress in the field of AS include insufficient workforce and monetary resources, poorly defined AS metrics, and much needed expansion beyond the inpatient hospital setting...
June 29, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959541/travel-and-the-spread-of-drug-resistant-bacteria
#18
REVIEW
Kevin L Schwartz, Shaun K Morris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The rise in antimicrobial resistance is an urgent public health threat which, in the absence of intervention, may result in a post-antibiotic era limiting the effectiveness of antibiotics to treat both common and serious infections. Globalization and human migration have profoundly contributed to the spread of drug-resistant bacteria. In this review, we summarize the recent literature on the importance of travelers in the spread of drug-resistant bacterial organisms...
June 29, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951848/correction-to-improving-dengue-diagnostics-and-management-through-innovative-technology
#19
Jesus Rodriguez-Manzano, Po Ying Chia, Tsin Wen Yeo, Alison Holmes, Pantelis Georgiou, Sophie Yacoub
In the original publication, the Table 2 contains an error. The original article has been corrected.
June 27, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882167/improving-dengue-diagnostics-and-management-through-innovative-technology
#20
REVIEW
Jesus Rodriguez-Manzano, Po Ying Chia, Tsin Wen Yeo, Alison Holmes, Pantelis Georgiou, Sophie Yacoub
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dengue continues to be a major global public health threat. Symptomatic infections can cause a spectrum of disease ranging from a mild febrile illness to severe and potentially life-threatening manifestations. Management relies on supportive treatment with careful fluid replacement. The purpose of this review is to define the unmet needs and challenges in current dengue diagnostics and patient monitoring and outline potential novel technologies to address these needs...
June 7, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
journal
journal
34707
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"