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Current Rheumatology Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185062/early-recognition-and-treatment-heralds-optimal-outcomes-the-benefits-of-combined-rheumatology-dermatology-clinics-and-integrative-care-of-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-patients
#1
REVIEW
Teo Soleymani, Soumya M Reddy, Jeffrey M Cohen, Andrea L Neimann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diagnosis and treatment of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) can be challenging and require a multidisciplinary approach. This review provides an overview of combined dermatology-rheumatology clinics. RECENT FINDINGS: Combined dermatology-rheumatology clinics have emerged to optimize integrated care for patients with psoriasis and PsA. There are over 20 such clinics across the USA. These clinics facilitate multidisciplinary care for patients with psoriasis and PsA and have been found to improve outcomes and enhance both patient and physician satisfaction and knowledge...
November 20, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119288/renal-macrophages-and-dendritic-cells-in-sle-nephritis
#2
REVIEW
Naomi I Maria, Anne Davidson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the study was to review the characteristics of renal macrophages and dendritic cells during homeostasis and disease, with a particular focus on lupus nephritis. RECENT FINDINGS: Resident renal macrophages derive from embryonic sources and are long-lived and self-renewing; they are also replaced from the bone marrow with age. The unique characteristics of macrophages in each tissue are imposed by the microenvironment and reinforced by epigenetic modifications...
November 9, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119260/can-positive-affect-attenuate-persistent-pain-state-of-the-art-and-clinical-implications
#3
REVIEW
Marjolein M Hanssen, Madelon L Peters, Jantine J Boselie, Ann Meulders
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pain is an intense experience that can place a heavy burden on peoples' lives. The identification of psychosocial risk factors led to the development of effective pain treatments. However, effect sizes are modest. Accumulating evidence suggests that enhancing protective factors might also impact on (well-being despite) pain. Recent findings on positive affect (interventions) towards pain-related outcomes will be reviewed, and new avenues for treatment of persistent pain will be discussed...
November 9, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119259/rheumatoid-arthritis-associated-interstitial-lung-disease-current-concepts
#4
REVIEW
Yoel Brito, Marilyn K Glassberg, Dana P Ascherman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Among the many extra-articular complications of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), interstitial lung disease (ILD) contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality. Prevalence estimates for RA-ILD vary widely depending on the specific clinical, radiographic, and functional criteria used to establish the diagnosis. A key unresolved issue is whether early, subclinical forms of RA-ILD represent a precursor to end stage, fibrotic lung disease. Based on uncertainties surrounding the natural history of RA-ILD, incomplete understanding of underlying disease pathogenesis, and lack of controlled clinical trials, evidence-based therapeutic strategies remain largely undefined...
November 9, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101579/clinical-outcome-and-long-term-remission-in-jia
#5
REVIEW
Mia Glerup, T Herlin, M Twilt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review assesses the long-term remission and predictors of clinical outcome in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). A comprehensive literature search was performed including articles published between January 1, 2004 and February 28, 2017. Studies, with a minimum follow-up of 24 months, were selected independently by two reviewers based on in- and exclusion criteria. The objective outcome was inactive disease/clinical remission as defined by the Wallace criteria at last follow-up...
November 4, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101577/tendon-pathology-in-hypercholesterolemia-and-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#6
REVIEW
Brittany Taylor, Adnan Cheema, Louis Soslowsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypercholesterolemia (HC), or high cholesterol, is usually caused by diet, other health conditions, or inherited diseases, such as familial hypercholesterolemia (FHC). Studies have shown patients with hypercholesterolemia are more prone to tendon injury and impaired healing. Nonetheless, the mechanism by which high cholesterol alters the biochemical and biomechanical properties of tendon and the healing environment is not well defined. This review highlights scientific findings on the relationship between hypercholesterolemia and treatments and tendon pathology at the cellular and tissue level...
November 4, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101487/the-microbiome-and-bone-and-joint-disease
#7
REVIEW
Christopher J Hernandez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Changes in the constituents and activity of the microbiome have been associated with a number of conditions linked to bone and joint disease. This review concentrates on ways in which the microbiome is known to influence osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Animal studies have demonstrated that changes in the microbiome can mediate the effects of obesity on cartilage degeneration. Additionally, the microbiome influences the amount of the bone (bone quantity), as well as bone tissue material properties (bone quality)...
November 4, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101481/eosinophilic-fasciitis-an-updated-review-on-diagnosis-and-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Daniel R Mazori, Alisa N Femia, Ruth Ann Vleugels
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: First recognized in 1974, eosinophilic fasciitis (EF) is a fibrosing disorder of the fascia with characteristic cutaneous and hematologic manifestations. This review discusses recent trends in the diagnosis and treatment of EF. RECENT FINDINGS: Although fascial biopsy has classically been considered the gold standard for making a diagnosis of EF, radiologic imaging, particularly magnetic resonance imaging, has been increasingly used for both diagnosis and monitoring of treatment response...
November 4, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101479/b-cell-based-treatments-in-sle-past-experience-and-current-directions
#9
REVIEW
Stamatis-Nick C Liossis, Chrysanthi Staveri
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: B cells have been targeted recently by novel therapeutic approaches in patients with SLE. In this review, we discuss recent data that have emerged on this issue placing special emphasis in studies published during the last 5 years. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite the negative results stemming from double-blind placebo-controlled studies, B cell depletion with rituximab is indeed employed worldwide, particularly in standard treatment refractory lupus, with promising results...
November 4, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094223/can-probiotic-supplements-improve-outcomes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#10
REVIEW
Annemarie Schorpion, Sharon L Kolasinski
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to frame the discussion of the potential use of probiotics for the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the historical and scientific context linking the human microbiota to the etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment of RA. Given this context, the review then details the clinical trials that have been carried out so far that have tried to address the question. RECENT FINDINGS: A variety of laboratory and clinical observations link the flora of the oral cavity and lower gastrointestinal tract with citrullination, as well as immunological alterations that may contribute to the risk of developing RA...
November 2, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086172/productivity-losses-and-costs-in-the-less-common-systemic-autoimmune-rheumatic-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Natalie McCormick, Carlo A Marra, J Antonio Aviña-Zubieta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We synthesised the literature on productivity losses and costs in the less-common systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases: Sjogren's syndrome (SjS), systemic sclerosis (SSc), poly/dermatomyositis (PM/DM), and systemic vasculitides (SV). RECENT FINDINGS: Of 29 studies located, 12 were published 2012 onwards (SSc = 6, SjS = 2, PM/DM = 2, SV = 2). In these, 25% of PM/DM, and 21-26% of SV, were work disabled, 22% of SSc stopped work within 3 years of diagnosis, and annual costs of absenteeism in SSc averaged $12,024 2017 USD...
October 30, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994016/cardiopulmonary-manifestations-of-collagen-vascular-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Hamza Jawad, Sebastian R McWilliams, Sanjeev Bhalla
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The study aimed to illustrate the cardiopulmonary findings of the following collagen vascular diseases on cross-sectional imaging: rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma (progressive systemic sclerosis), systemic lupus erythematosus, the inflammatory myopathies (polymyositis/dermatomyositis), and Sjögren's syndrome. RECENT FINDINGS: Although collagen vascular diseases can affect any part of the body, interstitial lung disease and pulmonary hypertension are the two most important cardiopulmonary complications and are responsible for the majority of morbidity and mortality in this patient population...
October 9, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983880/cannabis-and-cannabinoids-for-chronic-pain
#13
REVIEW
E Alfonso Romero-Sandoval, Ashley L Kolano, P Abigail Alvarado-Vázquez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to provide the most up-to-date scientific evidence of the potential analgesic effects, or lack thereof, of the marijuana plant (cannabis) or cannabinoids, and of safety or tolerability of their long-term use. RECENT FINDINGS: We found that inhaled (smoked or vaporized) cannabis is consistently effective in reducing chronic non-cancer pain. Oral cannabinoids seem to improve some aspects of chronic pain (sleep and general quality of life), or cancer chronic pain, but they do not seem effective in acute postoperative pain, abdominal chronic pain, or rheumatoid pain...
October 5, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983873/updates-in-lupus-genetics
#14
REVIEW
Yun Deng, Betty P Tsao
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our understanding on genetic basis of SLE has been advanced through genome-wide association studies. We review recent progress in lupus genetics with a focus on SLE-associated loci that have been functionally characterized, and discuss the potential for clinical translation of genetics data. RECENT FINDINGS: Over 100 loci have been confirmed to show robust association with SLE and many share with other immune-mediated diseases. Although causative variants captured at these established loci are limited, they guide biological studies of gene targets for functional characterization which highlight the importance of aberrant recognition of self-nucleic acid, type I interferon overproduction, and defective immune cell signaling underlying the pathogenesis of SLE...
October 5, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983775/deficiency-of-adenosine-deaminase-2-dada2-an-inherited-cause-of-polyarteritis-nodosa-and-a-mimic-of-other-systemic-rheumatologic-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Hasan Hashem, Susan J Kelly, Nancy J Ganson, Michael S Hershfield
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A new autoinflammatory disease, deficiency of adenosine deaminase 2 (DADA2), caused by mutations in the CECR1 gene, was first reported in 2014. This review aims to update progress in defining, treating, and understanding this multi-faceted disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: DADA2 was first described in patients with systemic inflammation, mild immune deficiency, and vasculopathy manifested as recurrent stroke or polyarteritis nodosa (PAN). More than 125 patients have now been reported, and the phenotype has expanded to include children and adults presenting primarily with pure red cell aplasia (PRCA), or with antibody deficiency...
October 5, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983760/chikungunya-virus-associated-disease
#16
REVIEW
C Hua, B Combe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection has become increasingly prevalent in the last decade not only across the southern hemisphere but also, because of a recently documented viral mutation, in southern Europe and the USA. With the global spread of CHIKV infection, practitioners should know its epidemiology, pathophysiology and clinical features. RECENT FINDINGS: The acute phase of CHIKV disease is characterised by a fever-arthralgia-rash syndrome...
October 5, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921409/the-duality-of-economic-issues-with-medication-non-adherence-in-patients-with-inflammatory-arthritis
#17
REVIEW
Natasha K J Campbell, Khalid Saadeldin, Mary A De Vera
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we synthesize current data on non-adherence across inflammatory arthritides and explore (1) the effects of economic factors on non-adherence and (2) the impacts of non-adherence on economic outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent evidence demonstrates medication non-adherence rates as high as 74% in ankylosing spondylitis (AS), 90% in gout, 50% in psoriatic arthritis (PsA), 75% in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and 82% in rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
September 18, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921059/very-early-systemic-sclerosis-and-pre-systemic-sclerosis-definition-recognition-clinical-relevance-and-future-directions
#18
REVIEW
Silvia Bellando-Randone, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The approach to systemic sclerosis (SSc) has changed over the years with an increasing focus on the very early diagnosis of the disease. The terminology identifying patients in the early phase of SSc has been significantly confusing in the last three decades. The purpose of this article is to analyze how the concept of "very early SSc" has evolved over the years, which is the role of an early diagnosis and how early treat patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Several attempts have been made over time, to create more sensitive and specific classification criteria to include the largest number of SSc patients, also in the earliest phase...
September 18, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871481/vascular-manifestations-in-antiphospholipid-syndrome-aps-is-aps-a-thrombophilia-or-a-vasculopathy
#19
REVIEW
Salma Siddique, Jessie Risse, Guillaume Canaud, Stéphane Zuily
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is characterized primarily by thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity. Chronic vascular lesions can also occur. While the underlying mechanisms of these vascular lesions are not entirely known, there have been multiple theories describing the potential process of vasculopathy in APS and the various clinical manifestations associated with it. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently, it has been demonstrated that endothelial proliferation in kidneys can be explained by the activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex (mTORC) pathway by antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL)...
September 4, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752494/epigenetics-in-sle
#20
REVIEW
Christian Michael Hedrich
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Systemic lupus erythematosus is a severe autoimmune/inflammatory condition of unknown pathophysiology. Though genetic predisposition is essential for disease expression, risk alleles in single genes are usually insufficient to confer disease. Epigenetic dysregulation has been suggested as the missing link between genetic risk and the development of clinically evident disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the past decade, epigenetic events moved into the focus of research targeting the molecular pathophysiology of SLE...
September 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
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