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Current Cardiology Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932967/psychological-stress-inflammation-and-coronary-heart-disease
#1
REVIEW
Petra H Wirtz, Roland von Känel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we summarize evidence on the risk factor psychological stress in the context of coronary heart disease (CHD) in humans and explore the role of inflammation as a potential underlying mechanism. RECENT FINDINGS: While chronic stress increases the risk of incident CHD and poor cardiovascular prognosis, acute emotional stress can trigger acute CHD events in vulnerable patients. Evidence supporting a potential role for inflammation as a promising biological mechanism comes from population-based studies showing associations between chronic stress and increased inflammation...
September 20, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929340/sleep-and-cardio-metabolic-disease
#2
REVIEW
Francesco P Cappuccio, Michelle A Miller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarises and discusses the epidemiological evidence suggesting a causal relationship between sleep duration and cardio-metabolic risk and outcomes in population. RECENT FINDINGS: Sleep duration is affected by a variety of cultural, social, psychological, behavioural, pathophysiological and environmental influences. Changes in modern society-like longer working hours, more shift-work, 24/7 availability of commodities and 24-h global connectivity-have been associated with a gradual reduction in sleep duration and sleeping patterns across westernised populations...
September 19, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929290/management-of-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-glaucoma
#3
REVIEW
Russell M Levine, Alina Yang, Venkatesh Brahma, James F Martone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ocular perfusion pressure (OPP) is defined as the difference between BP and intraocular pressure (IOP). With low BP comes low OPP and resultant ischemic damage to the optic nerve, leading to glaucoma progression. The purpose of this article is to review the literature on BP as it relates to glaucoma and to create a forum of discussion between ophthalmologists and internal medicine specialists. RECENT FINDINGS: Both high and low BP has been linked glaucoma...
September 19, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916901/pulmonic-valve-disease-review-of-pathology-and-current-treatment-options
#4
REVIEW
Mouhammad Fathallah, Richard A Krasuski
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our review is intended to provide readers with an overview of disease processes involving the pulmonic valve, highlighting recent outcome studies and guideline-based recommendations; with focus on the two most common interventions for treating pulmonic valve disease, balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty and pulmonic valve replacement. RECENT FINDINGS: The main long-term sequelae of balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty, the gold standard treatment for pulmonic stenosis, remain pulmonic regurgitation and valvular restenosis...
September 16, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913730/current-treatment-strategies-for-tricuspid-regurgitation
#5
REVIEW
Mohammed Al-Hijji, Erin A Fender, Abdallah El Sabbagh, David R Holmes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Tricuspid regurgitation is common; however, recognition and diagnosis, clinical outcomes, and management strategies are poorly defined. Here, we will describe the etiology and natural history of tricuspid regurgitation (TR), evaluate existing surgical outcomes data, and review the evolving field of percutaneous interventions to treat TR. RECENT FINDINGS: Previously, the only definitive corrective therapy for TR was surgical valve repair or replacement which is associated with significant operative mortality...
September 14, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913586/evolving-indications-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-interventions
#6
REVIEW
Anna Franzone, Thomas Pilgrim, Stefan Stortecky, Stephan Windecker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to summarize recent progress in the field of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), discuss expansion of indications, and identify areas of future clinical applications. RECENT FINDINGS: Favorable clinical outcomes as well as continued refinement of transcatheter heart valve technology have prompted the continuous expansion of indications for TAVR. The results of randomized clinical trials comparing the safety and efficacy of TAVR relative to conventional surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in lower- than high-risk patients have recently been published, and trials among lower-risk categories are ongoing...
September 14, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900864/ventricular-tachycardia-with-icd-shocks-when-to-medicate-and-when-to-ablate
#7
REVIEW
Amir AbdelWahab, John Sapp
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ventricular tachycardia occurrence in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients may result in shock delivery and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In addition, shocks may have deleterious mechanical and psychological effects. Prevention of ventricular tachycardia (VT) recurrence with the use of antiarrhythmic drugs or catheter ablation may be warranted. Antiarrhythmic drugs are limited by incomplete efficacy and an unfavorable adverse effect profile...
September 13, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887684/plant-based-nutrition-an-essential-component-of-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-and-management
#8
REVIEW
Hena Patel, Sonal Chandra, Sarah Alexander, Jeffrey Soble, Kim Allan Williams
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to summarize and discuss the role of plant-based nutrition as an adjunct to the management of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Discussion of nutrition and the benefits of a plant-based diet should be highlighted during healthcare provider visits as an essential part of the overall CVD prevention and management care plan. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence from prospective cohort studies indicates that a high consumption of predominantly plant-based foods, such as fruit and vegetables, nuts, and whole grains, is associated with a significantly lower risk of CVD...
September 8, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879633/the-initial-evaluation-and-management-of-a-patient-with-heart-failure
#9
REVIEW
Jamael Hoosain, Jabar Whittier, Farhan Hasni, Shelley Hankins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to summarize and discuss a thorough and effective manner in the evaluation of the patient with heart failure. RECENT FINDINGS: Heart failure is a prevalent disease worldwide and while the diagnosis of heart failure has remained relatively unchanged via a careful history and physical examination, identification of the etiology of the heart failure and treatment has made significant advances. Mechanical circulatory support (MCS), neprilysin inhibitors, and chronic resynchronization therapy (CRT) are just some of the relatively recent therapies afforded to assist heart failure patients...
September 6, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879526/intracardiac-echocardiography-for-structural-heart-and-electrophysiological-interventions
#10
REVIEW
Craig Basman, Yuvrajsinh J Parmar, Itzhak Kronzon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With an increasing number of interventional procedures performed for structural heart disease and cardiac arrhythmias each year, echocardiographic guidance is necessary for safe and efficient results. The purpose of this review article is to overview the principles of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) and describes the peri-interventional role of ICE in a variety of structural heart disease and electrophysiological interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: Both transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography have limitations...
September 6, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785990/telestroke
#11
REVIEW
Oana M Dumitrascu, Bart M Demaerschalk
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study aims to describe the current state of telestroke clinical applications and policies, in addition to key technical and operational aspects of the telemedicine practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Delivery of telestroke services for neurovascular care expanded from the intravenous alteplase decision and administration in acute emergency department settings to a continuum of services in mobile and inpatient stroke units, intensive care units, virtual stroke clinics, rehabilitation, and clinical research...
September 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779286/where-does-inflammation-fit
#12
REVIEW
Luigi M Biasucci, Giulio La Rosa, Daniela Pedicino, Alessia D'Aiello, Mattia Galli, Giovanna Liuzzo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on the complex relationship between inflammation and the onset of acute coronary syndrome and heart failure. RECENT FINDINGS: In the last few years, two important lines of research brought new and essential information to light in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome: a) the understanding of the immune mediate mechanisms of inflammation in Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) and b) evidence that the inflammatory mechanisms associated with atherosclerosis and its complications can be modulated by anti-inflammatory molecules...
September 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779285/radiofrequency-ablation-in-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-arvc
#13
REVIEW
Jorge Romero, Michael Grushko, David F Briceño, Andrea Natale, Luigi Di Biase
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a heritable form of cardiomyopathy, typically with autosomal dominant transmission, shown to be a defect in the cardiac desmosomes, with distinct regional and histopathological features. Clinically, this can ultimately result in bi-ventricular failure and/or malignant ventricular tachycardia (VT) via reentrant circuits created by patchy scar formation. We sought to review the current treatment for ventricular arrhythmias in the setting of ARVC, with particular attention to radiofrequency (RF) ablation and its varied techniques, along with potential therapies in the ablation spectrum...
September 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779284/cholesterol-management-in-the-era-of-pcsk9-inhibitors
#14
REVIEW
Anna Svatikova, Stephen L Kopecky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cholesterol management in the current era is discussed. Aggressive reduction of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol plays a key role in primary and secondary prevention of heart disease. Statins are the recommended first-line therapy in patients with hyperlipidemia; however, additional complementary approaches are frequently needed for patients who fail to reach their target LDL. RECENT FINDINGS: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors are novel drugs that provide dramatic lowering of LDL and promise outcome benefit...
September 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752280/complementary-role-of-echocardiography-and-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#15
REVIEW
Waseem Hindieh, Raymond Chan, Harry Rakowski
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses the complementary roles of echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance in the diagnosis and management of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). RECENT FINDINGS: Imaging using novel echocardiographic techniques and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in HCM has demonstrated incremental utility in diagnosis and management guidance. Application of 3-D imaging has improved assessment of left ventricular (LV) mass and volume by echocardiography...
September 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752279/ablative-radiotherapy-as-a-noninvasive-alternative-to-catheter-ablation-for-cardiac-arrhythmias
#16
REVIEW
Paul C Zei, Scott Soltys
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Stereotactic radioablation is a commonly utilized technology to noninvasively treat solid tumors with precision and efficacy. Using a robotic arm mounted delivery system, multiple low-dose ionizing radiation beams are delivered from multiple angles, concentrating ablative energy at the target tissue. Recently, this technology has been evaluated for treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. This review will present the basic underlying principles, proof-of-principle studies, and clinical experience with stereotactic arrhythmia radioablation...
September 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752278/predictors-and-therapy-of-cardiomyopathy-caused-by-frequent-ventricular-ectopy
#17
REVIEW
Ghaith Sharaf Dabbagh, Frank Bogun
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to describe predictors and therapeutic principles for PVC-induced cardiomyopathy. RECENT FINDINGS: PVC-induced cardiomyopathy is a treatable condition resulting in a reversible form of cardiomyopathy. PVC-induced cardiomyopathy has only recently been recognized as an entity that causes a reversible form of cardiomyopathy. The mechanism of development of PVC-induced cardiomyopathy has not yet been elucidated, although dyssynchrony appears to play a major role...
September 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752277/myocardial-tissue-engineering-for-regenerative-applications
#18
REVIEW
Buntaro Fujita, Wolfram-Hubertus Zimmermann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an overview of the current state of tissue-engineered heart repair with a special focus on the anticipated modes of action of tissue-engineered therapy candidates and particular implications as to transplant immunology. RECENT FINDINGS: Myocardial tissue engineering technologies have made tremendous advances in recent years. Numerous different strategies are under investigation and have reached different stages on their way to clinical translation...
September 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752276/nutrition-education-for-cardiologists-the-time-has-come
#19
REVIEW
Stephen Devries, Andrew M Freeman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nutrition is a cornerstone of cardiovascular health, yet the training of cardiovascular specialists in nutrition has been called into question. This report summarizes the current state of nutrition education in the training of cardiovascular specialists and offers recommendations for curricular enhancements. RECENT FINDINGS: Medical students receive an average of fewer than 20 h of nutrition education, largely confined to basic sciences and discussion of vitamin deficiency states...
September 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752275/the-impact-of-antihypertensive-medications-on-bone-mineral-density-and-fracture-risk
#20
REVIEW
Joshua I Barzilay, Barry R Davis, Sara L Pressel, Alokananda Ghosh, Rachel Puttnam, Karen L Margolis, Paul K Whelton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the impact of thiazide diuretics on fracture risk in older hypertensive individuals. RECENT FINDINGS: We performed a post hoc evaluation of the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial, a randomized, prospective, double blind hypertension study comparing a thiazide-like diuretic, a calcium channel blocker (CCB), and an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi). We examined the risk of hip and pelvic fractures during the in-trial period (n = 22,180 participants; mean 4...
September 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
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