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Current Psychiatry Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221332/examining-the-relationship-between-neurosteroids-cognition-and-menopause-with-neuroimaging-methods
#1
REVIEW
Baillie Frizell, Julie A Dumas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Previous literature has shown inconsistent findings regarding the effects of neurosteroids on the brain in postmenopausal women. The goal of this paper is to examine how and whether advances in neuroimaging have helped elucidate the relationship between the withdrawal of and/or treatment with neurosteroids and cognition at menopause. RECENT FINDINGS: Neuroimaging techniques such as structural and functional MRI have been used in recent studies to examine the relationship between neurosteroids and brain structure and functioning...
September 17, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221328/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-death-from-suicide
#2
REVIEW
Jaimie L Gradus
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the increasing public health concern about PTSD and suicide, and the population-based studies that have examined this association. Further, we discuss methodological issues that provide important context for the examination of this association. RECENT FINDINGS: The majority of epidemiologic studies have shown that PTSD is associated with an increased risk of suicide; however, a notable minority of studies have documented a decreased risk of suicide among persons with PTSD...
September 17, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221318/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-transitional-aged-youth
#3
REVIEW
Timothy E Wilens, Benjamin M Isenberg, Tamar A Kaminski, Rachael M Lyons, Javier Quintero
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Extensive research has been conducted on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adults; however, less is known about ADHD during the transition from childhood to adulthood. Transitional aged youth (TAY) with ADHD represents a particularly vulnerable population as their newfound independence and responsibility often coincides with the development of comorbid disorders. The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of TAY-ADHD...
September 17, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221310/neurocognitive-and-information-processing-biases-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
REVIEW
Jennifer J Vasterling, Kimberly A Arditte Hall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review recent research addressing neurocognitive and information processing abnormalities in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including studies informing direction of causality. We additionally consider neurocognition in the context of co-morbid mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and psychosocial treatments for PTSD. RECENT FINDINGS: Learning, memory, attention, inhibitory functions, and information processing biases frequently accompany PTSD, reflecting potential bi-directional relationships with PTSD...
September 17, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221308/social-determinants-of-mental-health-where-we-are-and-where-we-need-to-go
#5
REVIEW
Margarita Alegría, Amanda NeMoyer, Irene Falgàs Bagué, Ye Wang, Kiara Alvarez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review synthesizes recent literature on social determinants and mental health outcomes and provides recommendations for how to advance the field. We summarize current studies related to changes in the conceptualization of social determinants, how social determinants impact mental health, what we have learned from social determinant interventions, and new methods to collect, use, and analyze social determinant data. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research has increasingly focused on interactions between multiple social determinants, interventions to address upstream causes of mental health challenges, and use of simulation models to represent complex systems...
September 17, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221307/ptsd-in-children-below-the-age-of-6-years
#6
REVIEW
Alexandra C De Young, Markus A Landolt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the latest evidence and developments in the validation of PTSD diagnostic criteria for children 6 years and under (PTSD<6Y), discusses the limitations of the current diagnostic criteria, and highlights areas for future research. RECENT FINDINGS: Research has found that the DSM-5 PTSD<6Y, and a similar version in the DC:0-5, currently provides the most developmentally sensitive classification of PTSD for young children...
September 17, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221306/children-of-parents-with-eating-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Hunna J Watson, Amy O'Brien, Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our primary goal in this article is to review recent findings (from 2015 and on) concerning children of parents with eating disorders. This review addresses the question of whether the offspring of parents with past or present eating disorders have adverse outcomes. This update is timely and informative because recent research includes controlled studies and large cohort designs and earlier reviews relied on case report evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite substantial diversity in study design, sample size, and parental eating disorder definition, overall, existing research suggests that the children of parents with eating disorders exhibit compromised development: a greater risk of perinatal complications; a tendency toward extremes of growth at birth; greater problems in feeding and eating behaviors and greater incidence of eating disorder symptoms; more psychological and socioemotional difficulties; and more negative qualities to parent-child interactions...
September 17, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218438/the-walking-wounded-emerging-treatments-for-ptsd
#8
REVIEW
Durga Bestha, Layla Soliman, Kelly Blankenship, James Rachal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the published literature over the last 24 months in the treatment of PTSD for our military men and women. We examined the updated clinical practice guidelines published in June 2017 by the Veteran's administration and Department of Defense and contrasted the guidelines with the most recent literature. We also discuss new directions in PTSD research. RECENT FINDINGS: Psychotherapy remains one of the most effective treatments for PTSD; unfortunately, few participants remain in treatment to completion...
September 14, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194546/trauma-and-aging
#9
REVIEW
Joan M Cook, Vanessa Simiola
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this paper is to present a succinct summary of the major scientific findings on trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and aging over the past few years. RECENT FINDINGS: There have been several reports from longitudinal investigations using representative samples of veterans regarding traumatic exposure and subsequent effects on health and functioning. There has also been further documentation of the significant association between PTSD and dementia as well as accelerated aging in late life...
September 7, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194498/computer-assisted-cognitive-behavior-therapy-in-medical-care-settings
#10
REVIEW
Jesse H Wright, Laura W McCray, Tracy D Eells, Rangaraj Gopalraj, Laura B Bishop
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We reviewed research on computer-assisted cognitive-behavior therapy (CCBT) performed in medical settings with the goals of assessing the effectiveness of this newer method of treatment delivery, evaluating the need for clinician support of therapeutic computer programs, and making suggestions for future research and clinical implementation. RECENT FINDINGS: The overall results of randomized, controlled trials suggest that CCBT can be an effective treatment for depression in primary care patients and health care anxiety...
September 7, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178087/the-neuropeptide-hormone-oxytocin-in-eating-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Franziska Plessow, Kamryn T Eddy, Elizabeth A Lawson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The neurohormone oxytocin (OXT) impacts food intake as well as cognitive, emotional, and social functioning-all of which are central to eating disorder (ED) pathology across the weight spectrum. Here, we review findings on endogenous OXT levels and their relationship to ED pathology, the impact of exogenous OXT on mechanisms that drive ED presentation and chronicity, and the potential role of genetic predispositions in the OXT-ED link. RECENT FINDINGS: Current findings suggest a role of the OXT system in the pathophysiology of anorexia nervosa...
September 4, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30155577/eating-disorders-in-ethnic-minorities-an-update
#12
REVIEW
Rachel F Rodgers, Rachel Berry, Debra L Franko
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Eating disorders are recognized to occur across ethnic and racial groups. The aim of the present review was to examine recent advances in the understanding of the development, presentation, and intervention approaches specific to eating disorders among ethnic and racial minority groups. RECENT FINDINGS: An increasing number of measures have been found to be useful tools for assessing eating disorder risk and symptoms among ethnic and racial minority populations...
August 29, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30155780/memory-and-forgetting
#13
REVIEW
Chris R Brewin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: I summarize recent developments in understanding the phenomenology of memory in PTSD, describe the most prominent theoretical models, and outline new forms of treatment aimed at modifying the traumatic memory. RECENT FINDINGS: Intrusive memories that have the quality of being relived in the present have been highlighted in ICD-11. Debate over whether trauma memories are disorganized has led to a distinction between global narratives that are usually well rehearsed and episodic memories of the most frightening moments when disruptions and fragmentation may occur...
August 28, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30155749/measuring-psychiatric-symptoms-remotely-a-systematic-review-of-remote-measurement-based-care
#14
REVIEW
Simon B Goldberg, Benjamin Buck, Shiri Raphaely, John C Fortney
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article systematically reviews studies examining remote measurement-based care (RMBC), defined as using technology to measure patients' psychiatric symptoms outside the context of a clinical encounter. RECENT FINDINGS: Thirty-six studies were identified that measured patients' psychiatric symptoms remotely and provided feedback to treatment providers. The majority were single group designs. There was evidence supporting the short-term feasibility and acceptability of RMBC, although long-term sustainability was less clear...
August 28, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30155744/leveraging-technology-in-post-disaster-settings-the-role-of-digital-health-telemental-health
#15
REVIEW
Eugene F Augusterfer, Richard F Mollica, James Lavelle
THE PURPOSE REVIEW: This paper will review the literature on global disasters and the mental health impact of disasters, and discuss the use of digital health/telemental health in providing care in post-disaster settings. RECENT FINDINGS: Global disasters, natural and manmade, are on the rise. As a consequence, there are increases in the health and mental health impact in the affected populations. We examine the literature on the health and mental health impact of disasters and the role of digital health/telemental health in response to meeting those needs...
August 28, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30155657/neuroimaging-predictors-and-mechanisms-of-treatment-response-in-social-anxiety-disorder-an-overview-of-the-amygdala
#16
REVIEW
Heide Klumpp, Jacklynn M Fitzgerald
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Aberrant amygdala activity is implicated in the neurobiology of social anxiety disorder (SAD) and is, therefore, a treatment target. However, the extent to which amygdala predicts clinical improvement or is impacted by treatment has not been critically examined. This review highlights recent neuroimaging findings from clinical trials and research that test links between amygdala and mechanisms of action. RECENT FINDINGS: Neuropredictor studies largely comprised psychotherapy where improvement was foretold by amygdala activity and regions beyond amygdala such as frontal structures (e...
August 28, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30155651/weight-suppression-in-eating-disorders-a-research-and-conceptual-update
#17
REVIEW
Michael R Lowe, Amani D Piers, Leora Benson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Weight suppression, the discrepancy between an individual's highest past weight at adult height and his or her current weight, is related to many characteristics of individuals with eating disorders. This paper reviews research findings from the past 5 years, draws several implications regarding the mechanism underlying these effects, and proposes new approaches to measuring weight suppression. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies were reviewed under the categories of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and mixed or miscellaneous samples, with more studies falling into the last category than in the first two...
August 28, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30155649/please-don-t-leave-me-separation-anxiety-and-related-traits-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#18
REVIEW
Swantje Matthies, Miriam A Schiele, Christa Koentges, Stefano Pini, Christian Schmahl, Katharina Domschke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In light of the apparent symptomatic resemblance of separation anxiety disorder (SAD) symptoms on the one hand and abandonment fears, anxiousness, and separation insecurity central to borderline personality disorder (BPD) on the other hand, a comprehensive overview of separation anxiety and related traits in BPD is provided. RECENT FINDINGS: Epidemiological, environmental, psychological, and neurobiological data connecting BPD to separation events, feelings of loneliness, insecure attachment styles, dimensional separation anxiety as well as SAD per se suggest a partly shared etiological pathway model underlying BPD and SAD...
August 28, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30155593/review-of-use-of-asynchronous-technologies-incorporated-in-mental-health-care
#19
REVIEW
Steven Chan, Luming Li, John Torous, David Gratzer, Peter M Yellowlees
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mental health clinicians should understand how technologies augment, enhance, and provide alternate means for the delivery of mental healthcare. These technologies can be used asynchronously, in which the patient and the clinician need not be communicating at the same time. This contrasts with synchronous technologies, in which patient and clinician must communicate at the same time. RECENT FINDINGS: The review is based on research literature and the authors' clinical and healthcare administration experiences...
August 28, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30155584/psychosocial-treatments-targeting-anxiety-and-depression-in-adolescents-and-adults-on-the-autism-spectrum-review-of-the-latest-research-and-recommended-future-directions
#20
REVIEW
Susan W White, Grace Lee Simmons, Katherine O Gotham, Caitlin M Conner, Isaac C Smith, Kelly B Beck, Carla A Mazefsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This synthesis of treatment research related to anxiety and depression in adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) focuses on the scientific support for various forms of psychosocial interventions, useful adaptations to standard interventions, and engagement of candidate therapeutic mechanisms. RECENT FINDINGS: There is considerable evidence for the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to treat co-occurring problems with anxiety, but there has been relatively little research on treatment of co-occurring depression...
August 28, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
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