journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Psychiatry Reports

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956120/smartphones-sensors-and-machine-learning-to-advance-real-time-prediction-and-interventions-for-suicide-prevention-a-review-of-current-progress-and-next-steps
#1
REVIEW
John Torous, Mark E Larsen, Colin Depp, Theodore D Cosco, Ian Barnett, Matthew K Nock, Joe Firth
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As rates of suicide continue to rise, there is urgent need for innovative approaches to better understand, predict, and care for those at high risk of suicide. Numerous mobile and sensor technology solutions have already been proposed, are in development, or are already available today. This review seeks to assess their clinical evidence and help the reader understand the current state of the field. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in smartphone sensing, machine learning methods, and mobile apps directed towards reducing suicide offer promising evidence; however, most of these innovative approaches are still nascent...
June 28, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936639/dementia-care-at-end-of-life-current-approaches
#2
REVIEW
Mairead M Bartley, Laura Suarez, Reem M A Shafi, Joshua M Baruth, Amanda J M Benarroch, Maria I Lapid
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dementia is a progressive and life-limiting condition that can be described in three stages: early, middle, and late. This article reviews current literature on late-stage dementia. RECENT FINDINGS: Survival times may vary across dementia subtypes. Yet, the overall trajectory is characterized by progressive decline until death. Ideally, as people with dementia approach the end of life, care should focus on comfort, dignity, and quality of life...
June 23, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931576/recent-advances-in-the-understanding-and-treatment-of-health-anxiety
#3
REVIEW
Peter Tyrer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine the diagnosis of health anxiety, its prevalence in different settings, public health significance, treatment, and outcome. RECENT FINDINGS: Health anxiety is similar to hypochondriasis but is characterized by fear of, rather than conviction of, illness. Lifetime prevalence rates are 6% in the population and as high as 20% in hospital out-patients, leading to greater costs to health services through unnecessary medical contacts. Its prevalence may be increasing because of excessive internet browsing (cyberchondria)...
June 22, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931537/recent-advancements-in-treating-sleep-disorders-in-co-occurring-ptsd
#4
REVIEW
Peter J Colvonen, Laura D Straus, Carl Stepnowsky, Michael J McCarthy, Lizabeth A Goldstein, Sonya B Norman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and insomnia, nightmares, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is high. We review recent research on psychotherapeutic and pharmacological interventions for sleep disorders in PTSD. RECENT FINDINGS: PTSD treatments decrease PTSD severity and nightmare frequency, but do not resolve OSA or insomnia. Research on whether insomnia hinders PTSD treatment shows mixed results; untreated OSA does interfere with PTSD treatment...
June 21, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779198/redeveloping-substance-abuse-treatment-for-military-personnel
#5
REVIEW
Christian Schrader, Antoinette Lenton, Peter Gertonson, Alexander Rahimi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the prevailing evidence surrounding treatment of substance use disorder (SUD), with specific focus on alcohol, tobacco, and prescription opiates, and how it informs guidelines for treating active duty military. We survey the evidence regarding preventive screening, treatment, and relapse prevention in substance misuse as it pertains to patient-centered care of the service member. RECENT FINDINGS: Holistic, patient-centered care with an emphasis on identifying maladaptive use or dependence prior to progression to chronic disease is now recognized as the evidenced approach to treating substance use disorders...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779159/an-etiological-approach-to-sexual-offender-assessment-case-formulation-incorporating-risk-assessment-cafira
#6
REVIEW
Leam A Craig, Martin Rettenberger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Case formulations (CF) have been the cornerstone of effective practice in clinical psychology since the 1950s and now form one of the core competencies in clinical and forensic assessment. The use of CFs within forensic settings is becoming more relevant when working with offenders who have experienced significant trauma, suffered from personality disorder, and have displayed sexually abusive behavior. Furthermore, most North American and European jurisdictions insist that expert witnesses adopt an idiosyncratic approach to risk assessment and consider the characteristics of the individual as part of a wider formulation of the problem behavior...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779065/digital-technologies-in-the-treatment-of-anxiety-recent-innovations-and-future-directions
#7
REVIEW
Joseph Firth, John Torous, Rebekah Carney, Jill Newby, Theodore D Cosco, Helen Christensen, Jerome Sarris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the efficacy, limitations, and future of e-health treatments for anxiety. Within this, we provide detail on "first-generation" e-health approaches, such as computerized therapies. Additionally, we assess the emergence and early efficacy of newer methods of treatment delivery, including smartphone apps and virtual reality interventions, discussing the potential and pitfalls for each. RECENT FINDINGS: There is now substantial clinical research demonstrating the efficacy of internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment of anxiety...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779064/sex-offender-risk-assessment-where-are-we-and-where-are-we-going
#8
REVIEW
L Maaike Helmus
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Risk assessment is one of the most ubiquitous tasks in the criminal justice system, informing virtually every decision made about offenders. This review, intended for researchers and practitioners, outlines some of the most important recent advances, emerging issues, and recommendations in sex offender risk assessment. RECENT FINDINGS: The underlying nature and purpose of risk scales is reviewed, with implications for how we should evaluate them...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779059/youth-responses-to-school-shootings-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Áine Travers, Tracey McDonagh, Ask Elklit
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper aims to synthesize research relating to youth responses to school shootings between 2014 and 2017. The main questions it addresses are how such events impact young people psychologically, and what risk or protective factors may contribute to different trajectories of recovery? RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research suggests that most young people exposed to school shootings demonstrate resilience, exhibiting no long-term dysfunction. However, a minority will experience severe and chronic symptoms...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777413/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-borderline-personality-disorder-in-the-college-mental-health-setting
#10
REVIEW
Claire M Brickell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The impact of borderline personality disorder (BPD) on college students is not well studied, and there is currently little data about its phenomenology or treatment in this population. We review the available literature regarding evidence-based treatment for BPD on college campuses, as well as best-practice guidelines for the treatment of mental illness in the college setting. Diagnostic disclosure and psychoeducation are proposed as practical first steps in improving the treatment landscape...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777410/startling-differences-using-the-acoustic-startle-response-to-study-sex-differences-and-neurosteroids-in-affective-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Liisa Hantsoo, Carla E M Golden, Sara Kornfield, Christian Grillon, C Neill Epperson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neuroactive steroid hormones, such as estradiol and progesterone, likely play a role in the pathophysiology of female-specific psychiatric disorders such as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) and postpartum depression and may contribute to the marked sex differences observed in the incidence and presentation of affective disorders. However, few tools are available to study the precise contributions of these neuroactive steroids (NSs). In this review, we propose that the acoustic startle response (ASR), an objective measure of an organism's response to an emotional context or stressor, is sensitive to NSs...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777320/ethical-issues-in-conducting-research-with-children-and-families-affected-by-disasters
#12
REVIEW
Regardt J Ferreira, Fred Buttell, Clare Cannon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review topical evidence on ethical issues in conducting disaster research with children and families affected by natural disasters, with an emphasis on analyzing specific vulnerabilities associated with children and families affected by disasters, identifying significant findings and trends of ethical guidelines and approaches, and discussing key observations into ethical research in a disaster setting. RECENT FINDINGS: Current evidence indicates that there is a wide range of research methods for child disaster studies...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777319/what-does-sex-have-to-do-with-it-the-role-of-sex-as-a-biological-variable-in-the-development-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Sara L Kornfield, Liisa Hantsoo, C Neill Epperson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review highlights the neurobiological aspects of sex differences in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), specifically focusing on the physiological responses to trauma and presents evidence supporting hormone and neurosteroid/peptide differences from both preclinical and clinical research. RECENT FINDINGS: While others have suggested that trauma type or acute emotional reaction are responsible for women's disproportionate risk to PTSD, neither of these explanations fully accounts for the sex differences in PTSD...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777318/toward-an-emerging-role-for-motivational-interviewing-in-primary-care
#14
REVIEW
Robert Keeley, Matthew Engel, Alex Reed, David Brody, Brian L Burke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Implementing Motivational Interviewing (MI) in primary care settings has been problematic due in part to persistent gaps in knowledge. Examples include poor understanding of how to effectively train persons to conduct MI, or of which aspects of MI-related communication are associated with better outcomes for patients. This review describes how recent research findings addressing the knowledge gaps support a growing role for MI in primary care. RECENT FINDINGS: Two trials of MI training combined classroom time with ongoing coaching and feedback, resulting in enhanced MI ability relative to a control arm where PCPs received minimal or no MI training...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766312/posttraumatic-growth-as-a-response-to-natural-disasters-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
REVIEW
Melissa Bernstein, Betty Pfefferbaum
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines factors thought to be associated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) (demographic variables, exposure, and family and social processes) among youth exposed to natural disasters, describes the relationship between PTG and posttraumatic stress, and discusses psychological processes (rumination and coping) linked to PTG. RECENT FINDINGS: Guided by PTG theory and the literature on PTG in adults, research has revealed relationships between PTG and child, environmental, and family and social factors among youth though the results are mixed...
May 16, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732528/medical-comorbidities-in-bipolar-disorder
#16
REVIEW
Aktriti Sinha, Anam Shariq, Khaled Said, Abhinav Sharma, D Jeffrey Newport, Ihsan M Salloum
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bipolar disorder (BD) medical comorbidity presents significant clinical and public health concerns with serious impact on health. The aim of this article is to present an updated narrative review of original research articles (case control, longitudinal cohort, and cross-sectional studies) and meta-analyses published in English language journals from January 2013 to May 2017 focusing on general medical comorbidity in BD, including the added risks of iatrogenic factors relevant to the treatment of BD...
May 7, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637319/the-psychological-effects-of-climate-change-on-children
#17
REVIEW
Susie E L Burke, Ann V Sanson, Judith Van Hoorn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review recent evidence on the psychological effects of climate change on children, covering both direct and indirect impacts, and discuss children's psychological adaptation to climate change. RECENT FINDINGS: Both the direct and flow-on effects of climate change place children at risk of mental health consequences including PTSD, depression, anxiety, phobias, sleep disorders, attachment disorders, and substance abuse. These in turn can lead to problems with emotion regulation, cognition, learning, behavior, language development, and academic performance...
April 11, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627920/advances-in-pharmacotherapy-of-late-life-depression
#18
REVIEW
John L Beyer, Kim G Johnson
This paper reviews recent research on late-life depression (LLD) pharmacotherapy, focusing on updated information for monotherapy and augmentation treatments. We then review new research on moderators of clinical response and how to use the information for improved efficacy. RECENT FINDINGS: A recent review shows that sertraline, paroxetine, and duloxetine were superior to placebo for the treatment of LLD. There is concern that paroxetine could have adverse outcomes in the geriatric population due to anticholinergic properties; however, studies show no increases in mortality, dementia risk, or cognitive measures...
April 7, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623498/the-function-of-play-for-coping-and-therapy-with-children-exposed-to-disasters-and-political-violence
#19
REVIEW
Esther Cohen, Reuma Gadassi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objectives were to identify specific characteristics and patterns of children's play following events of political violence or disasters, examine their associations with risk and resilience, and explore their implications for preventive and therapeutic intervention. RECENT FINDINGS: Patterns of individual, dyadic, and social play are associated with measures of children's adaptation following collective traumatic events. Modifying the traditional child-centered play therapy, by integrating CBT principles or including parents, may increase efficacy...
April 5, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623453/omega-3-supplementation-as-a-dietary-intervention-to-reduce-aggressive-and-antisocial-behavior
#20
REVIEW
Olivia Choy, Adrian Raine
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although there is an increasing body of literature on the relationship between omega-3 fatty acids and aggressive/antisocial behavior, evidence to date suggests that there are mixed findings on the efficacy of omega-3 supplementation as a dietary intervention to reduce such behaviors. This article describes the current state of the research regarding omega-3 supplementation and aggressive/antisocial behavior from intervention studies, with an emphasis on randomized controlled trials...
April 5, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
journal
journal
34700
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"