journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Psychiatry Reports

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929349/depression-and-anxiety-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-etiology-and-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Laura G Cooney, Anuja Dokras
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in reproductive age women and is associated with an increased prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms. This review presents potential mechanisms for this increased risk and outlines treatment options. RECENT FINDINGS: Women with PCOS have increased odds of depressive symptoms (OR 3.78; 95% CI 3.03-4.72) and anxiety symptoms (OR 5.62; 95% CI 3.22-9.80). Obesity, insulin resistance, and elevated androgens may partly contribute to this association...
September 20, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929285/genomic-disorders-in-psychiatry-what-does-the-clinician-need-to-know
#2
REVIEW
Chelsea Lowther, Gregory Costain, Danielle A Baribeau, Anne S Bassett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the role of genomic disorders in various psychiatric conditions and to highlight important recent advances in the field that are of potential clinical relevance. RECENT FINDINGS: Genomic disorders are caused by large rare recurrent deletions and duplications at certain chromosomal "hotspots" (e.g., 22q11.2, 16p11.2, 15q11-q13, 1q21.1, 15q13.3) across the genome. Most overlap multiple genes, affect development, and are associated with variable cognitive and other neuropsychiatric expression...
September 20, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924828/a-network-based-neurobiological-model-of-ptsd-evidence-from-structural-and-functional-neuroimaging-studies
#3
REVIEW
Teddy J Akiki, Christopher L Averill, Chadi G Abdallah
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although a fine-grained understanding of the neurobiology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is yet to be elucidated, the last two decades have seen a rapid growth in the study of PTSD using neuroimaging techniques. The current review summarizes important findings from functional and structural neuroimaging studies of PTSD, by primarily focusing on their relevance towards an emerging network-based neurobiological model of the disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: PTSD may be characterized by a weakly connected and hypoactive default mode network (DMN) and central executive network (CEN) that are putatively destabilized by an overactive and hyperconnected salience network (SN), which appears to have a low threshold for perceived saliency, and inefficient DMN-CEN modulation...
September 19, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920179/review-of-virtual-reality-treatment-in-psychiatry-evidence-versus-current-diffusion-and-use
#4
REVIEW
Matthew C Mishkind, Aaron M Norr, Andrea C Katz, Greg M Reger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an overview of the current evidence base for and clinical applications of the use of virtual reality (VR) in psychiatric practice, in context of recent technological developments. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of VR in psychiatric practice shows promise with much of the research demonstrating clinical effectiveness for conditions including post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and phobias, chronic pain, rehabilitation, and addictions...
September 18, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905325/managing-alcohol-use-disorder-in-primary-health-care
#5
REVIEW
Peter Anderson, Amy O'Donnell, Eileen Kaner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study is to summarise the current literature on both the impact and the implementation of primary health care-based screening and advice programmes to reduce heavy drinking, as an evidence-based component of managing alcohol use disorder in primary health care. RECENT FINDINGS: Systematic reviews of reviews find conclusive evidence for the impact of primary health care delivered screening and brief advice programmes in reducing heavy drinking...
September 14, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905316/socially-housed-female-macaques-a-translational-model-for-the-interaction-of-chronic-stress-and-estrogen-in-aging
#6
REVIEW
Donna Toufexis, S Bradley King, Vasiliki Michopoulos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Estrogen's role in cognitive aging remains unclear. Despite evidence implicating stress in pathological aging, the interaction of stress with estrogen on cognition in older women has received little attention, and few animal models exist with which to examine this interaction. RECENT FINDINGS: We present evidence that aging socially subordinate female macaques that experience chronic psychosocial stress constitute a suitable model to investigate this...
September 14, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905259/unintended-pregnancy-induced-abortion-and-mental-health
#7
REVIEW
Sarah Horvath, Courtney A Schreiber
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The early medical literature on mental health outcomes following abortion is fraught with methodological flaws that can improperly influence clinical practice. Our goal is to review the current medical literature on depression and other mental health outcomes for women obtaining abortions. RECENT FINDINGS: The Turnaway Study prospectively enrolled 956 women seeking abortion in the USA and followed their mental health outcomes for 5 years. The control group was comprised of women denied abortions based on gestational age limits, thereby circumventing the major methodological flaw that had plagued earlier studies on the topic...
September 14, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891029/new-horizons-in-measurement-a-review-of-novel-and-innovative-approaches-to-eating-disorder-assessment
#8
REVIEW
Kelsie T Forbush, Sara R Gould, Danielle A N Chapa, Brittany K Bohrer, Kelsey E Hagan, Kelsey E Clark, Daria A Sorokina, Victoria L Perko
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Eating disorders are serious mental-health concerns that will affect over 30 million individuals in the USA at some point in their lives. Eating disorders occur across the lifespan, in a variety of ethnicities and races, in both men and women, and across the socioeconomic spectrum. Given the prevalence and severity of eating disorders, it is important that clinicians and researchers have access to appropriate assessment tools to aid in the early identification and treatment referral, differential diagnosis, treatment planning, and progress monitoring, and to ensure valid research findings...
September 11, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744627/neurocognitive-treatments-for-eating-disorders-and-obesity
#9
REVIEW
Dawn M Eichen, Brittany E Matheson, Sara L Appleton-Knapp, Kerri N Boutelle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent research has highlighted executive function and neurocognitive deficits among individuals with eating and weight disorders, identifying a potential target for treatment. Treatments targeting executive function for eating and weight disorders are emerging. This review aims to summarize the recent literature evaluating neurocognitive/executive function-oriented treatments for eating and weight disorders and highlights additional work needed in this area. RECENT FINDINGS: Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) for anorexia nervosa has been the most extensively studied neurocognitive treatment for eating disorders...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741255/genetics-of-schizophrenia-ready-to-translate
#10
REVIEW
Claire Foley, Aiden Corvin, Shigeki Nakagome
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This is an era where we have significantly advanced the understanding of the genetic architecture of schizophrenia. In this review, we consider how this knowledge may translate into advances that will improve patient care. RECENT FINDINGS: Large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified more than a hundred loci each making a small contribution to illness risk. Meta-analysis of copy number variants (CNVs) in the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC) dataset has confirmed that some variants have a moderate or large impact on risk, although these are rare in the population...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736806/a-skill-set-for-supporting-displaced-children-in-psychological-recovery-after-disasters
#11
REVIEW
Betty Pfefferbaum, Anne K Jacobs, Russell T Jones, Gilbert Reyes, Karen F Wyche
Helping children, adolescents, and families displaced following a natural disaster is a daunting task made more challenging by the relatively small research base to inform services and interventions. This paper describes the current literature pertaining to intervention practices used with displaced youth. Where gaps in the literature exist, we pull from the more general research on relocation and post-disaster intervention to assist practitioners in tailoring their efforts. Specifically discussed are ways to enhance youth resilience, to help youth build new social connections and adjust to change and uncertainty while coping with trauma-related symptoms, and to meet needs through the systems in which children are embedded...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726063/gaze-based-assessments-of-vigilance-and-avoidance-in-social-anxiety-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Nigel T M Chen, Patrick J F Clarke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A broad base of research has sought to identify the biases in selective attention which characterize social anxiety, with the emergent use of eye tracking-based methods. This article seeks to provide a review of eye tracking studies examining selective attention biases in social anxiety. RECENT FINDINGS: Across a number of contexts, social anxiety may be associated with a mix of both vigilant and avoidant patterns of attention with respect to the processing of emotional social stimuli...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726062/valproic-acid-in-women-and-girls-of-childbearing-age
#13
REVIEW
Dorothy Gotlib, Rachel Ramaswamy, Jacob E Kurlander, Alana DeRiggi, Michelle Riba
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this paper is to evaluate recent literature on valproic acid (VPA) in women and girls of childbearing age and to emphasize new findings. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research confirms VPAs teratogenicity and risk of hormone disruption. VPA exposure in utero increases the risk for a variety of major congenital malformations (MCMs), reduced IQ and behavioral problems. In girls and women, VPA increases the risk of hormone abnormalities, obesity, and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726061/advances-in-psychotherapy-for-depressed-older-adults
#14
REVIEW
Patrick J Raue, Amanda R McGovern, Dimitris N Kiosses, Jo Anne Sirey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review recent advances in psychotherapies for depressed older adults, in particular those developed for special populations characterized by chronic medical illness, acute medical illness, cognitive impairment, and suicide risk factors. We review adaptations for psychotherapy to overcome barriers to its accessibility in non-specialty settings such as primary care, homebound or hard-to-reach older adults, and social service settings. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent evidence supports the effectiveness of psychotherapies that target late-life depression in the context of specific comorbid conditions including COPD, heart failure, Parkinson's disease, stroke and other acute conditions, cognitive impairment, and suicide risk...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726060/psychosocial-issues-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-an-updated-review-with-a-focus-on-clinical-interventions
#15
REVIEW
Joshua D Smith, Andrew G Shuman, Michelle B Riba
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are frequent and diverse psychosocial issues that afflict patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) across the illness trajectory, prompting a focus on clinical interventions to prevent and mitigate psychosocial distress. We sought to characterize current understanding on the cause, effects, and interplay of various psychosocial factors in HNC and summarize updated, evidence-based interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: The psychosocial experience of patients with HNC is characterized by a disproportionately high incidence of depression, suicide, continued substance dependence/abuse, and distress related to relationship conflict, social isolation, disfigurement, and damage to self-image...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726059/professional-ethics-for-digital-age-psychiatry-boundaries-privacy-and-communication
#16
REVIEW
James E Sabin, Jonathan Clark Harland
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Internet and social media use continue to expand rapidly. Many patients and psychiatrists are bringing digital technologies into the treatment process, but relatively little attention has been paid to the ethical challenges in doing this. This review presents ethical guidelines for psychiatry in the digital age. RECENT FINDINGS: Surveys demonstrate that patients are eager to make digital technologies part of their treatment. Substantial numbers search for professional and personal information about their therapists...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852965/traumatic-stress-and-accelerated-cellular-aging-from-epigenetics-to-cardiometabolic-disease
#17
REVIEW
Erika J Wolf, Filomene G Morrison
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this paper is to review the recent literature on traumatic stress-related accelerated aging, including a focus on cellular mechanisms and biomarkers of cellular aging and on the clinical manifestations of accelerated biological aging. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple lines of research converge to suggest that PTSD is associated with accelerated aging in the epigenome, and the immune and inflammation systems, and this may be reflected in premature onset of cardiometabolic and cardiovascular disease...
August 29, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844076/synaptic-loss-and-the-pathophysiology-of-ptsd-implications-for-ketamine-as-a-prototype-novel-therapeutic
#18
REVIEW
John H Krystal, Chadi G Abdallah, Lynette A Averill, Benjamin Kelmendi, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem, Gerard Sanacora, Steven M Southwick, Ronald S Duman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Studies of the neurobiology and treatment of PTSD have highlighted many aspects of the pathophysiology of this disorder that might be relevant to treatment. The purpose of this review is to highlight the potential clinical importance of an often-neglected consequence of stress models in animals that may be relevant to PTSD: the stress-related loss of synaptic connectivity. RECENT FINDINGS: Here, we will briefly review evidence that PTSD might be a "synaptic disconnection syndrome" and highlight the importance of this perspective for the emerging therapeutic application of ketamine as a potential rapid-acting treatment for this disorder that may work, in part, by restoring synaptic connectivity...
August 26, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840457/va-s-national-ptsd-brain-bank-a-national-resource-for-research
#19
REVIEW
Matthew J Friedman, Bertrand R Huber, Christopher B Brady, Robert J Ursano, David M Benedek, Neil W Kowall, Ann C McKee
The National PTSD Brain Bank (NPBB) is a brain tissue biorepository established to support research on the causes, progression, and treatment of PTSD. It is a six-part consortium led by VA's National Center for PTSD with participating sites at VA medical centers in Boston, MA; Durham, NC; Miami, FL; West Haven, CT; and White River Junction, VT along with the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences. It is also well integrated with VA's Boston-based brain banks that focus on Alzheimer's disease, ALS, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, and other neurological disorders...
August 25, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831672/update-on-mental-health-of-infants-and-children-of-parents-affected-with-mental-health-issues
#20
REVIEW
Gisèle Apter, Anne Bobin, Marie-Camille Genet, Maya Gratier, Emmanuel Devouche
This paper highlights the most recent publications, in the field of psychiatry, on offspring of patients with psychiatric illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, and then summarizes what we know about the progeny of adults with mood disorders, the most prevalent of parental disorders. Studies examining personality disorders and contextual factors such as stress and trauma are examined with a focus on the crucial question of development and attachment status in children. Findings converge to reveal that offspring of parents (generally mothers) with most major psychiatric disorders present a higher risk for all mental disorders, and a wide range of disorders are also found in children, adolescent, and finally adult offspring of mothers with mood and anxiety disorders...
August 23, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
journal
journal
34700
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"