journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Gastroenterology Reports

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780717/proton-pump-inhibitors-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-friend-or-foe
#1
REVIEW
C Prakash Gyawali
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been redefined, in light of recent advances highlighting GERD phenotypes that respond to PPIs, and fresh revelations of potential risks of long-term PPI therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Erosive esophagitis predicts excellent response to PPI therapy, but non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) with abnormal reflux parameters on ambulatory reflux monitoring also demonstrates a similar response...
September 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752476/bleeding-risk-with-invasive-procedures-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-and-coagulopathy
#2
REVIEW
Nekisa Zakeri, Emmanuel A Tsochatzis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Previous perceptions of cirrhosis as a hypocoagulable state have resulted in empirical blood product transfusions prior to invasive procedures. We evaluate procedure-related bleeding risks in patients with cirrhosis, assess the utility of conventional and newer global coagulation tests, and explore evidence surrounding prophylactic transfusion strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent literature supports the concept of a rebalanced, albeit fragile, haemostasis equilibrium in cirrhosis, with a potential hypercoagulable tendency in stable patients...
September 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752475/use-of-statins-in-patients-with-chronic-liver-disease-and-cirrhosis-current-views-and-prospects
#3
REVIEW
Jose Ignacio Vargas, Marco Arrese, Vijay H Shah, Juan Pablo Arab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to analyze the current evidence regarding the use of statins in patients with chronic liver disease and cirrhosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Chronic liver disease (CLD), cirrhosis, and its complications, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), are significant public health problems. The use of statins in patients with CLD has been a matter of concern, and physicians are often reluctant to its prescription in these patients...
September 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752474/secondary-sclerosing-cholangitis-a-review-of-recent-literature
#4
REVIEW
John Brooling, Rolando Leal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Secondary sclerosing cholangitis is an emerging entity. Yet, because of the low incidence and varying etiologies of this disease, the literature is not robust. There are mainly case reports and small studies evaluating the disease. Our aim in this review is to bring the reader up to date with recent literature on secondary sclerosing cholangitis including the disease presentation, course, prognosis, and treatment options. RECENT FINDINGS: Numerous case reports have been published the last 5 years on secondary sclerosing cholangitis...
September 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819902/ablation-therapy-for-barrett-s-esophagus-new-rules-for-changing-times
#5
REVIEW
Nour Hamade, Prateek Sharma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we discuss different endoscopic techniques in the eradication of Barrett's esophagus (BE) as well as some controversies in the field of treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with T1a esophageal adenocarcinoma and BE of high-grade dysplasia should undergo endoscopic ablative therapy. The most studied technique to date is radiofrequency ablation. It can be combined with endoscopic mucosal resection in cases containing nodular and flat lesions...
August 17, 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819814/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-ibs-how-useful-how-often-and-how-does-it-work
#6
REVIEW
Christopher D Radziwon, Jeffrey M Lackner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While dietary and medical treatments are beneficial for specific GI symptoms for some IBS patients, they have an unsatisfactory track record for the full range of GI symptoms for more severe patients. A number of psychological interventions have been developed over the past two decades to help patients' self-manage symptoms. This review discusses the last 5 years of research on psychological treatments, with a focus on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and hypnosis...
August 17, 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799068/colorectal-cancer-screening-in-asia
#7
REVIEW
Han-Mo Chiu, Wen-Feng Hsu, Li-Chun Chang, Ming-Hsiang Wu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is increasing in Asia, especially in regions with higher levels of economic development. Several Asian countries have launched population CRC screening programs to combat this devastating disease because previous studies have demonstrated that either fecal occult blood test or lower gastrointestinal endoscopy can effectively reduce CRC mortality. RECENT FINDINGS: Screening includes engaging the population, testing, administering a confirmation examination, and treating screening-detected neoplasms; thus, monitoring the whole process using measurable indicators over time is of utmost importance...
August 10, 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733944/the-gastric-and-intestinal-microbiome-role-of-proton-pump-inhibitors
#8
REVIEW
Artem Minalyan, Lilit Gabrielyan, David Scott, Jonathan Jacobs, Joseph R Pisegna
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The discovery of Helicobacter pylori and other organisms colonizing the stomach and the intestines has shed some light on the importance of microbiome in maintaining overall health and developing pathological conditions when alterations in biodiversity are present. The gastric acidity plays a crucial role in filtering out bacteria and preventing development of enteric infections. In this article, we discuss the physiology of gastric acid secretion and bacterial contribution to the composition of gastric and intestinal barriers and review the current literature on the role of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in the microbial biodiversity of the gastrointestinal tract...
August 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730508/quality-improvement-initiatives-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
REVIEW
Sameer K Berry, Corey A Siegel, Gil Y Melmed
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article serves as an overview of several quality improvement initiatives in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). RECENT FINDINGS: IBD is associated with significant variation in care, suggesting poor quality of care. There have been several efforts to improve the quality of care for patients with IBD. Quality improvement (QI) initiatives in IBD are intended to be patient-centric, improve outcomes for individuals and populations, and reduce costs-all consistent with "the triple aim" put forth by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI)...
August 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730507/can-we-use-diet-to-effectively-treat-esophageal-disease-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#10
REVIEW
Carolyn Newberry, Kristle Lynch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Esophageal diseases represent a wide variety of conditions affecting esophageal anatomy, physiology, and motility. Therapy focuses on pharmacotherapy and endoscopic or surgical management. Dietary therapy can be considered in management algorithms for specific esophageal diseases. This review focuses on outlining the literature related to dietary therapy in gastroesophageal reflux disease, eosinophilic esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, and esophageal adenocarcinoma...
August 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730506/hiatus-hernia-as-a-cause-of-dysphagia
#11
REVIEW
Hamish Philpott, Rami Sweis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to discuss the putative relationship between hiatus hernia and dysphagia. RECENT FINDINGS: Proposed mechanisms of dysphagia in patients with hiatus hernia are usually difficult to identify, but recent advances in technology (high-resolution manometry with or without concomitant impedance, ambulatory pH with impedance, videofluoroscopy, and the endoluminal functional lumen imaging probe (EndoFLIP)) and methodology (inclusion of swallows of various consistencies and volumes or shifting position during the manometry protocol) can help induce symptoms and identify the underlying disorder...
August 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730505/stool-based-testing-for-colorectal-cancer-an-overview-of-available-evidence
#12
REVIEW
Kevin M Rank, Aasma Shaukat
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to summarize stool-based testing for colorectal cancer (CRC). The key questions answered in this review were the advantages and limitations of each available stool-based test for CRC and to examine their comparative efficacy. RECENT FINDINGS: Guaiac-based fecal occult blood testing (gFOBT) is no longer a relevant test for CRC screening. fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) tests, especially quantitative assays, are clearly a reliable stool-based test...
August 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730504/changing-trends-in-stomach-cancer-throughout-the-world
#13
REVIEW
Maya Balakrishnan, Rollin George, Ashish Sharma, David Y Graham
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The paper aims to discuss the global trends in gastric cancer incidence in relation to important factors involved in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite a significant worldwide decline, gastric cancer remains a common cause of cancer death. The decline has been multifactorial and preceded the fall in Helicobacter pylori prevalence. The initial decline was associated with changes in food preservation and availability, especially of fresh fruits and vegetables, followed by a decline in the primary etiologic factor, H...
August 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730503/chicago-classification-of-esophageal-motility-disorders-lessons-learned
#14
REVIEW
W O A Rohof, A J Bredenoord
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: High-resolution manometry (HRM) is increasingly performed worldwide, to study esophageal motility. The Chicago classification is subsequently applied to interpret the manometric findings and facilitate a diagnosis of esophageal motility disorders. This review will discuss new insights regarding the diagnosis and management using the Chicago classification. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have demonstrated that high-resolution manometry is superior to conventional manometry, and has a higher sensitivity to diagnose achalasia...
August 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707191/clostridium-difficile-colitis-and-colonoscopy-pediatric-perspective
#15
REVIEW
Randolph McConnie, Arthur Kastl
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Review tests available for detection of Clostridium difficile (C. Diff) induced disease, including when such tests should be done in children and how they should be interpreted. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple tests are available for detecting disease due to C. diff. These include colonoscopy and stool analysis. Colonoscopy with biopsy is the most sensitive test for detecting the presence of colitis. The toxins produced by the C. diff. (toxin A, toxin B, and binary toxin) are the agents that cause injury and disease...
August 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725999/surgical-anti-reflux-options-beyond-fundoplication
#16
REVIEW
Dan Azagury, John Morton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper provides an overview of current and future surgical interventions available for the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) beyond the well established and recognized fundoplication. Review the current indications and outcomes of these surgical procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Fundoplication has been a cornerstone of the surgical management of GERD. However, other effective surgical options exist and can be considered based on prior interventions as well as patient, anatomical or other factors...
July 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639091/improved-outcomes-with-an-outpatient-multidisciplinary-intensive-feeding-therapy-program-compared-with-weekly-feeding-therapy-to-reduce-enteral-tube-feeding-dependence-in-medically-complex-young-children
#17
REVIEW
Caitlin Williams, Kelly VanDahm, Lindsay M Stevens, Soofia Khan, Jennifer Urich, Janet Iurilli, Elizabeth Linos, Dana I Williams
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The prevalence of feeding disorders in medically complex children is estimated to be as high as 80%. Enteral tube nutrition (ETN) is commonly used for nutritional support in children with feeding disorders. Adverse consequences of ETN include medical complications, psychosocial problems, and higher healthcare costs. We used a retrospective cohort controlled study design to compare outcomes of our outpatient multidisciplinary intensive feeding therapy (IFT) program to our traditional therapy (TT) of single-discipline, once weekly feeding therapy to reduce ETN dependence in medically complex young children...
July 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608155/pathophysiology-of-gastric-nets-role-of-gastrin-and-menin
#18
REVIEW
Sinju Sundaresan, Anthony J Kang, Juanita L Merchant
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) were initially identified as a separate entity in the early 1900s as a unique malignancy that secretes bioactive amines. GI-NETs are the most frequent type and represent a unique subset of NETs, because at least 75% of these tumors represent gastrin stimulation of the enterochromaffin-like cell located in the body of the stomach. The purpose of this review is to understand the specific role of gastrin in the generation of Gastric NETs (G-NETs)...
July 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593453/targeting-small-bowel-receptors-to-treat-constipation-and-diarrhea
#19
REVIEW
Elizabeth S John, Sita Chokhavatia
BACKGROUND: The options for the treatment of diarrhea and constipation are evolving as emerging therapies target small bowel receptors. The goal of this review is to discuss small bowel receptors involved in intestinal absorption, secretion, and motility. The review highlights therapies already approved or currently being studied for the modulation of these receptors. METHODS: The articles cited in this review focus on the molecular level of pathways involved in diarrhea and constipation, and highlight the respective pharmacotherapies...
July 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567655/the-evaluation-and-office-management-of-hemorrhoids-for-the-gastroenterologist
#20
REVIEW
Mitchel Guttenplan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hemorrhoid disease is extremely common, and seldom requires surgical intervention. The vast majority of patients can be cared for in the office setting and by the gastroenterologist. This piece aims to summarize the epidemiology and pathophysiology of hemorrhoid disease, along with the proper evaluation and office-based treatment of these patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Most GI fellowship training programs spend little time on these topics, and the recommendation has been made to include anorectal care in the GI's "core curriculum...
July 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
journal
journal
34698
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"