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International Journal of Emergency Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26688672/law-enforcement-officers-involvement-level-in-hurricane-katrina-and-alcohol-use
#1
Sarah Cercone Heavey, Gregory G Homish, Michael E Andrew, Erin McCanlies, Anna Mnatsakanova, John M Violanti, Cecil M Burchfiel
The purpose of this work is to examine the relationship between alcohol use and level of involvement during Hurricane Katrina among law enforcement officers, and to investigate whether marital status or previous military training offer resilience against negative outcomes. Officers in the immediate New Orleans geographic area completed surveys that assessed their involvement in Hurricane Katrina and alcohol use (Alcohol Use and Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score). Negative binomial regression models were used to analyze level of hazardous alcohol use; interactions were tested to examine protective influences of marriage and prior military training (controlling for age and gender)...
March 2015: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26568701/conceptualization-of-ptsd-from-the-vietnam-war-to-current-conflicts-and-beyond
#2
Joseph A Boscarino, Joseph J Boscarino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25983663/community-disasters-psychological-trauma-and-crisis-intervention
#3
Joseph A Boscarino
The current issue of International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience is focused on community disasters, the impact of trauma exposure, and crisis intervention. The articles incorporated include studies ranging from the World Trade Center disaster to Hurricane Sandy. These studies are related to public attitudes and beliefs about disease outbreaks, the impact of volunteerism following the World Trade Center attacks, alcohol misuse among police officers after Hurricane Katrina, posttraumatic stress disorder after Hurricane Sandy among those exposed to the Trade Center disaster, compassion fatigue and burnout among trauma workers, crisis interventions in Eastern Europe, and police officers' use of stress intervention services...
2015: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25960693/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-hurricane-sandy-among-persons-exposed-to-the-9-11-disaster
#4
Kimberly Caramanica, Robert M Brackbill, Steven D Stellman, Mark R Farfel
BACKGROUND: Traumatic exposure during a hurricane is associated with adverse mental health conditions post-event. The World Trade Center Health Registry provided a sampling pool for a rapid survey of persons directly affected by Hurricane Sandy in the New York City (NYC) metropolitan area in late October 2012. This study evaluated the relationship between Sandy experiences and Sandy-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among individuals previously exposed to the September 11, 2001 (9/11) disaster...
2015: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25844070/assessing-community-reactions-to-ebola-virus-disease-and-other-disasters-using-social-psychological-research-to-enhance-public-health-and-disaster-communications
#5
Joseph A Boscarino, Richard E Adams
Drawing on the lessons learned from previous disaster and disease outbreak studies over the past two decades, in the following article we review research related to social psychological assessment of community attitudes, knowledge, and beliefs associated with the recent Ebola outbreak and other public health threats, and discuss the use of this information to assist in future disaster planning and crisis communications. Psychologists, physicians, and others in the healthcare field need to be aware of these developments and involved with preparations related to mitigating the psychological impact of Ebola disease outbreaks among different populations, as well as other potential public health threats in the future...
2015: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25774097/volunteerism-and-well-being-in-the-context-of-the-world-trade-center-terrorist-attacks
#6
Richard E Adams, Joseph A Boscarino
Using a community sample of New York City residents (N=1681) interviewed 1 and 2 years after the World Trade Center Disaster (WTCD), we estimated several logistic regression equations to assess predictors of volunteerism and the relationship between volunteerism and later well-being. Multivariate results show that those with more education, higher exposure to WTCD events, many life-time traumatic events, and pre-WTCD mental health problems were more likely to report volunteerism post-WTCD. African Americans and Latinos were less likely to volunteer, compared to Whites...
2015: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585492/mai-mai-militia-and-sexual-violence-in-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#7
Kitwe Mulunda Guy
This article sets the reasons for the brutal violence against women. It focuses on three field sites providing insight into Mai-Mai motivations and their attitudes toward sexual violence. According to most sources, 5.5 million people have died since the beginning of the war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in 1994, and rape is used as a weapon of destruction. More than 15,000 rapes were reported in the DRC in the last year--accounts of these rapes include descriptions of horrific acts, such as mutilation and the killing of unborn children...
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585491/trauma-in-sub-saharan-africa-review-of-cost-estimation-methods-and-interventions
#8
REVIEW
Melissa A Smigelsky, Jamie D Aten, Stacy Gerberich, Mark Sanders, Rachael Post, Kimberly Hook, Angie Ku, David M Boan, Phil Monroe
Trauma is a widely acknowledged problem facing individuals and communities in developing countries. In sub-Saharan Africa-a region that is home to some of the world's worst human rights violations, ethnic and civil conflicts, disease epidemics, and conditions of poverty-trauma is an all-too-common experience in citizens' daily lives. In order to address these conditions effectively, the impact of trauma must be understood. The authors reviewed recent literature on the cost and consequences of psychological trauma in sub-Saharan Africa to provide a substantive perspective on how trauma affects individuals, communities, and organizations and to inform the effort to determine a method for measuring the impact of trauma in sub-Saharan Africa and the efficacy of trauma interventions in the region...
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585490/re-thinking-typologies-of-multiple-murders-the-missing-category-of-serial-mass-murder-and-its-theoretical-and-practical-implications
#9
Arnon Edelstein
The concept of multiple murders (mm) is as old as humanity itself but it has only become prevalent in academic thought within the last three decades. Over this period scholars have introduced two main attitudes regarding multiple murders. Some argue that multiple murders are, theoretically and empirically, one concept that includes different sub-types: mass murder, spree murder, and serial murder. Other scholars claim that those "sub categories", are a whole different phenomenon, which are worthy and needed a separate examination and discussion because its uniqueness...
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585489/mini-review-psychosocial-stress-such-as-violence-against-their-partners-could-benefit-general-immunity-in-intimate-partner-violence-perpetrators
#10
REVIEW
A Romero-Martínez, M Lila, Vitoria-Estruch, L Moya-Albiol
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) perpetrators use physical and/or psychological abuse to control their partners and achieve a dominant status. As dominance is associated with low disease risk and fast quick illness recovery from an illness, such behaviors may contribute to improving their health at the expense of that of the battered women. Studies with immunological and hormonal parameters have recently revealed that IPV perpetrators present higher general immunocompetence (salivary IgA levels) in response to acute stress, especially during the preparation/anticipation period and when externalizing their anger...
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585488/treating-veteran-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-using-the-comprehensive-resource-model
#11
Katherine A Heeg
UNLABELLED: The Comprehensive Resource Model is a groundbreaking psychotherapeutic treatment modality with broad possibilities for use with the military veteran population. OBJECTIVE: This article describes a clinical case example where this modality was used with a veteran presenting with severe PTSD symptoms. METHOD: Six 60-75 minute treatment sessions are described. Symptoms were measured before and after treatment and at a two-year follow-up using the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale, and Clinical Global Impression scale...
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585487/ten-years-of-choices-in-portugal-four-generations-a-real-resilient-opportunity
#12
Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Celeste Simões, Isa Figueira, Pedro Calado
"Escolhas" ("Choices") is a Portuguese programme that aims to promote children and youth social inclusion in deprived socioeconomic contexts. The present study aims to identify internal and external resources perceived by children and adolescents that participated in the programme, to understand the impact in life contexts, and to identify the resources nominated by their family, project professionals and partners. A qualitative method was used in order to analyze 365 discourses from four different groups: children and adolescents (149), family (40), project professionals (126) and project partners (50)...
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585486/curbing-road-traffic-accidents-the-major-cause-of-facial-fractures
#13
Mohammad Hosein Kalantar Motamedi, Esmael Dadgar, Ali Ebrahimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585485/why-are-psychiatric-disorders-in-children-becoming-more-and-more-common
#14
Reiner Buchhorn
UNLABELLED: In the last decades, an increase of new paediatric problems requiring medical care like eating disorders, behavioural and attention problems has been observed. Based on the hypothesis that mental illness is accompanied by autonomic dysfunction, we compared measurements of heart rate variability (HRV) in Holter ECG's from children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with those of healthy children and a historical control from 1997. METHOD: We analysed the HRV parameters SDNN, rMSSD and pNN50 from 24 hours Holter ECG from children (mean age 10...
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585484/a-longitudinal-study-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-their-predictors-in-rescue-workers-after-a-firework-factory-disaster
#15
Elklit Ask, Drifa Gudmundsdottir
INTRODUCTION: This is a follow up study on rescue workers participating in the primary rescue during and immediately after the explosion of a firework factory. We aimed to estimate the possible PTSD prevalence at five and 18 months post disaster, determining if the level of PTSD symptoms at 18 months could be predicted from factors measured at five months. METHODS: We included measures of posttraumatic symptoms, social support, locus of control and demographic questions...
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585483/the-role-of-diffusion-weighted-mr-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-acute-pancreatitis
#16
Hasan Aydin, Idil Gunes Tatar, Baki Hekimoglu
OBJECTIVE: To understand the utility of Diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) in the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. CONCLUSION: DWI can analyse the major manifestations of acute pancreatitis without any contrast agent use and may replace Abdominal CT and routine Pancreas MRI as a primary investigation tool for acute pancreatitis.
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585482/does-marriage-explain-murders-in-a-society-in-what-way-is-divorce-a-public-health-concern
#17
Paul Andrew Bourne, Angela Hudson-Davis, Charlene Sharpe-Pryce, Jeffery Clarke, Ikhalfani Solan, Joan Rhule, Cynthia Francis, Olive Watson-Coleman, Anushree Sharma, Janinne Campbell-Smith
INTRODUCTION: Like medicine, public health practitioners seek to understand causes of mortality, practices of humans and issues that can change population conditions, in order to preserve and care for life. The murder pandemic has been such in Jamaica that the World Bank sponsored a qualitative study on crime in urban areas in Jamaica in the late 1990s to provide a platform to guide policy intervention and programmes. As a result this study will fill the gap in the literature by providing the evidence to support that divorce and marriage are public health concerns from the perspective of murders...
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585481/multi-natural-disasters-in-gona%C3%A3-ves-haiti-long-term-outcomes-among-child-and-adolescents-and-social-support
#18
Daniel Derivois, Jude-mary Cénat, Georges Gaston Mérisier
In this article, we posit the hypothesis that the January 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince reawakened a number of traumas linked to the natural disasters that struck Gonaives in 2004 and 2008. The study set out to evaluate the PTSD and social support in the affected areas in Gonaives seven years after the disasters. The study covered a sample of 917 participants, of whom 534 (58.23%) were females, aged between 10 and 23 with an average age of 16.03 (SD = 2.65). A variety of scales were used: the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS-1); the Traumatic Exposure Severity Scale (TESS); the PTSD Check-List Civilian version (PCL-C); the Impact of Event Scale Revised (IES-R) and the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ)...
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585480/workplace-violence-in-emergency-department-and-its-effects-on-emergency-staff
#19
REVIEW
Ahmet Baydin, Ali Kemal Erenler
Workplace violence (WPV) is a growing problem for healthcare providers, particularly for those in the Emergency department (ED), with its increasing frequency and severity. Characteristics of WPV are similar in different parts of the World with different sociocultural and economic status. As this problem remains unsolved, its unwanted effects on mental and physical health of staff become more problematic. The most common psychological affects are reduced job satisfaction and fear. When the reasons of WPV are investigated; lack of preventive policies, educational inadequacy, unwillingness to report assaults as a result of a consideration of violence as a routine by the staff and unmet expectations of patients and their family may be listed...
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585479/horticultural-therapy-as-a-measure-for-recovery-support-of-regional-community-in-the-disaster-area-a-preliminary-experiment-for-forty-five-women-who-living-certain-region-in-the-coastal-area-of-miyagi-prefecture
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yuka Kotozaki
Three years have passed since the earthquake, in the coastal areas in the disaster area, by population transfer or the like from the temporary housing, the importance of the regeneration and revitalization of the local community has been pointed out. This study performed a preliminary study to aim at the psychological inspection about an effect of the horticultural therapy as the means of the local community reproduction support of the disaster area. Forty five women who are living in the coastal area of Miyagi Prefecture participated in this study...
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
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