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Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering

Bin Xu, Bor-Yann Chen, Kuan-Chieh Huang, Qing-Jiang Sun, John Chi-Wei Lan
This first-attempt study tended to decipher synergistic interactions of model redox mediators (RMs) to echinenone production for electrochemically-steered fermentation (ESF). The findings indicated that supplement of RMs could significantly stimulate the production performance of fermentation (e.g., 36% for 4-aminophenol) which was parallel with stimulation of bioelectricity generation in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) as prior studies mentioned. Although redox mediators could usually enhance electron transport extracellular compartment, the mechanisms of bioelectricity generation in MFCs and echinenone production in ESF were very likely functioned in the extracellular and the intracellular compartment, respectively...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Amel Farhat, Imène Manai, Maher Gtari, Hassib Bouallagui
Enhancement of methane production during anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge (WAS) could improve the energy self sufficiency of the municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Therefore, mixing WAS with organic wastes improved process performance and stability. In this work, the anaerobic co-digestion of WAS combined with the olive processing wastewater (OPW) was investigated and associated with the energetic benefits and microbial populations shifts. The bio-methane potential (BMP) of various WAS and OPW mixtures corresponding to increased phenols concentrations were tested...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Seiichi Ohta, Kenichiro Hashimoto, Xiaoting Fu, Masamichi Kamihira, Yasuyuki Sakai, Taichi Ito
Novel hemoglobin-based artificial oxygen carriers are necessary in tissue engineering. We developed human hemoglobin (hHb) and albumin (HSA)-based microspheres using Shirasu porous glass (SPG) membrane emulsification. The obtained microspheres had a uniform size with an average diameter of 15.1 μm measured by optical microscope, which is similar to the diameter of human red blood cells (7-8 μm). The loading amount of hHb in the microspheres was 20 wt%, which is similar to that of red blood cells (33 wt%)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Himanshi Rathore, Abhishek Sharma, Shalinee Prasad, Satyawati Sharma
Calocybe indica was cultivated on wheat straw enriched with various concentrations of sodium selenite (Na2 SeO3 ), (2.5-40 μg/ml). The content of selenium (Se) in fruit bodies increased linearly by increasing the amount of Na2 SeO3 , although the biomass yield inhibited above 5 μg/ml. The fruit bodies accumulated inorganic Se into organic forms by integrating the Se into proteins (56%-68%), polysaccharides (22%-29%), and nucleic acids (1.4%-2.7%). Maximum protein content (25.31 g/100 g) was observed in fruit bodies harvested from the substrate enriched with 10 μg/ml Se...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Toshiki Furuya, Masahiko Sai, Kuniki Kino
Piceatannol is a rare, costly plant-based stilbene derivative and exhibits various health-enhancing properties. Recently, we demonstrated that piceatannol could be produced from resveratrol through site-selective hydroxylation using Escherichia coli cells expressing the monooxygenase HpaBC. However, piceatannol production ceased at approximately 25 mM, even when sufficient levels of the substrate resveratrol remained in the reaction mixture. In this study, we found that high concentrations (>20-25 mM) of piceatannol significantly inhibited the HpaBC-catalyzed reaction...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Enrique Angulo Picó, Carmen López, Álvaro Cruz-Izquierdo, Mercedes Munarriz, Francisco Javier Iruretagoyena, Juan Luis Serra, María Jesús Llama
In this work, magnetic cross-linked enzyme aggregates (mCLEAs) of CALB (lipase B from Candida antarctica) were prepared and characterized. Moreover, a method for an easy, sustainable and economic extraction of lipids from nitrogen-starved cells of Chlorella vulgaris var L3 was developed. Then, the extracted lipids (oils and free fatty acids, FFAs) were converted to biodiesel using mCLEAs and chemical acid catalysis. Among several lipid extraction methods, saponification was selected given the amount of wet microalgal biomass it can process per unit of time, its low market value, and because it allows for the use of less toxic solvents...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Nichanan Phansroy, Wichean Khawdas, Keigo Watanabe, Yuji Aso, Hitomi Ohara
A single chamber type microbial fuel cell (MFC) with 100 mL of chamber volume and 50 cm2 of air-cathode was developed in this study wherein a developed iron-plated carbon-felt anode and Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 were used. The performance of the iron-plated carbon-felt anode and the possibility of corn steep liquor (CSL) as a fuel, which was the byproduct of corn wet milling and contained lactic acid, was investigated here. MFCs equipped with iron-plated or non-plated carbon-felt anodes exhibited maximum current densities of 443 or 302 mA/m2 using 10 g/L of reagent-grade lactic acid, respectively...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Hui-Suan Ng, Grace Yin Tze Tan, Ka-Heng Lee, Wolfgang Zimmermann, Hip Seng Yim, John Chi-Wei Lan
The α- and γ-mangostins from Garcinia mangostana pericarps (GMP) exhibit antioxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties. The extraction yields α- and γ-mangostins are often limited by the presence of the GMP cell walls. Therefore, the extraction and recovery of mangostins from GMP with an Aspergillus niger cellulase-assisted aqueous micellar biphasic system (CA-AMBS) was developed for enhanced yield of mangostins. Effects of the concentration of cellulase, the incubation time and the temperature of the system on the recovery of mangostins were investigated...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Shuddhodana, Munishwar N Gupta, Virendra S Bisaria
Development of industrially potent cellulolytic enzymes is one of the greatest challenges faced in lignocellulosic feed-stock based bio-refining. In the current work cross-linked enzyme aggregates (CLEAs) of commercial cellulase mix were successfully prepared and their performance to be used as potential industrial enzymes in terms of stability and wheat straw hydrolysis was evaluated. The CLEAs were more stable compared to native enzymes with half-lives being 2.30-, 1.56-, 3.07- and 1.67-fold higher at 70°C for filter paper activity (FPA), endoglucanase, β-glucosidase and xylanase, respectively...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Fei Yang, Xinyao Lu, Hong Zong, Hao Ji, Bin Zhuge
Low cell tolerance is a basic issue in high-glucose fermentation under high temperature to economically obtain high product titer. Candida glycerinogenes, an industrial yeast, has excellent tolerance to the combined heat and high-glucose stress than Saccharomycescerevisiae. The potential mechanism responsible for the high tolerance was illustrated here. The transcription of the potential stress-responsive genes in two strains were varied under single stress (heat or high-glucose), especially the ribosome-related genes...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Adinda Darwati Kadar, Pingkan Aditiawati, Made Astawan, Sastia Prama Putri, Eiichiro Fukusaki
Tempe, a fermented soybean originally from Indonesia, is an excellent protein source with high nutritional quality. Differences in the production process and unique fermentation condition in different regions result in varieties of tempe. Despite its high cultural and economic values, there are very few studies on the characterization of tempe based on the differences of production process and geographical origin. Metabolomics is a powerful tool assessing food quality, food safety, and determination of origin and varietal differences...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Kui Zhao, Qiong Xie, Di Xu, Yilin Guo, Xueying Tao, Hua Wei, Cuixiang Wan
In this study, the anti-Helicobacterpylori activity of Lactobacillusplantarum ZDY2013 was investigated and Lactobacillusrhamnosus GG was used as a positive control. The anti-H. pylori mechanism in vitro was also examined. Results revealed that either the viable cells or supernatant of L. plantarum ZDY2013 could suppress the growth or urease activity of H. pylori. The inhibitory effects of L. plantarum ZDY2013 were relatively higher than those of L. rhamnosus GG (P < 0.05), and such effects might be a result of their lactic acid production (e...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Masahiro Takeo, Kenta Yamamoto, Masashi Sonoyama, Kana Miyanaga, Nana Kanbara, Koichi Honda, Dai-Ichiro Kato, Seiji Negoro
3-Methyl-4-nitrophenol (3M4NP) is formed in soil as a hydrolysis product of fenitrothion, one of the major organophosphorus pesticides. A Pseudomonas strain was isolated as a 3M4NP degrader from a crop soil and designated TSN1. This strain utilized 3M4NP as a sole carbon and energy source. To elucidate the biodegradation pathway, we performed transposon mutagenesis with pCro2a (mini-Tn5495) and obtained three mutants accumulating a dark pink compound(s) from 3M4NP. Rescue cloning and sequence analysis revealed that in all mutants, the transposon disrupted an identical aromatic compound meta-cleaving dioxygenase gene, and a monooxygenase gene was located just downstream of the dioxygenase gene...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Yuika Kawada, Tomoko Goshima, Rie Sawamura, Shin-Ichiro Yokoyama, Emiko Yanase, Toshio Niwa, Akio Ebihara, Mizuho Inagaki, Keiichi Yamaguchi, Kazuo Kuwata, Yuta Kato, Osamu Sakurada, Tohru Suzuki
S-Equol is a metabolite of daidzein, a type of soy isoflavone, and three reductases are involved in the conversion of daidzein by specific intestinal bacteria. S-Equol is thought to prevent hormone-dependent diseases. We previously identified the equol producing gene cluster (eqlABC) of Eggerthella sp. YY7918. Daidzein reductase (DZNR), encoded by eqlA, catalyzes the reduction of daidzein to dihydrodaidzein (the first step of equol synthesis), which was confirmed using a recombinant enzyme produced in Escherichia coli...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Takenori Satomura, Junji Hayashi, Hiroaki Sakamoto, Takuro Nunoura, Yoshihiro Takaki, Ken Takai, Hideto Takami, Toshihisa Ohshima, Haruhiko Sakuraba, Shin-Ichiro Suye
A stable d-lactate electrochemical sensing system was developed using a dye-linked d-lactate dehydrogenase (Dye-DLDH) from an uncultivated thermophilic archaeon, Candidatus Caldiarchaeum subterraneum. To develop the system, the putative gene encoding the Dye-DLDH from Ca. Caldiarchaeum subterraneum was overexpressed in Escherichia coli, and the expressed product was purified. The recombinant enzyme was a highly thermostable Dye-DLDH that retained full activity after incubation for 10 min at 70°C. The electrode for detection of d-lactate was prepared by immobilizing the thermostable Dye-DLDH and multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) within Nafion membrane...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Sushma Chauhan, Taek Jin Kang
Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) is widely used as a marker enzyme in immunoassays and biosensors, and can possibly be used in industries such as waste water treatments or fine chemical synthesis. Cost-effective production of active HRP is thus very important in the related fields. Also, engineering of HRP for its better performance in the designated application is expected to make the enzyme even more important in several areas of research and industry. One of obstacles to this end and to the large scale production of the enzyme has been its facile expression in a bacterial host...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Zhengyu Li, Shuaijun Jia, Zhuo Xiong, Qianfa Long, Shaorong Yan, Fu Hao, Jian Liu, Zhi Yuan
Treating full-layer injury of bone and cartilage is currently a significant challenge in orthopedic trauma repair. Joint damage typically includes chondral defects, and the underlying subchondral defect sites are difficult to repair. Tissue engineering technology could potentially be used to treat such injuries; however, results to date been unsatisfactory. The aim of this study was to design a multilayer composite scaffold containing cartilage, bone, and calcified layers to simulate physiological full-thickness bone-cartilage structure...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Makoto Imura, Ryo Iwakiri, Takeshi Bamba, Eiichiro Fukusaki
The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an important microorganism for fermentation and the food industry. However, during production, S. cerevisiae commonly uses the ethanol fermentation pathway for glucose utilization if excess sugar is present, even in the presence of sufficient oxygen levels. This aerobic ethanol fermentation, referred to as "the Crabtree effect" is one of the most significant reasons for low cell yield. To weaken the Crabtree effect in fed-batch and continuous culture, sugar flow should be limited...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Shota Tashiro, Minh Nguyen Tuyet Le, Yuta Kusama, Eri Nakatani, Mika Suga, Miho K Furue, Taku Satoh, Shinji Sugiura, Toshiyuki Kanamori, Kiyoshi Ohnuma
Spatial pattern formation is a critical step in embryogenesis. Bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) and its inhibitors are major factors for the formation of spatial patterns during embryogenesis. However, spatial patterning of the human embryo is unclear because of ethical issues and isotropic culture environments resulting from conventional culture dishes. Here, we utilized human pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) and a simple anisotropic (unidirectional perfusion) culture chamber, which creates unidirectional conditions, to measure the cell community effect...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Manman He, Min Guo, Xu Zhang, Keke Chen, Jinping Yan, Chagan Irbis
Alginate lyases degrade alginate in a beta-elimination reaction to produce oligosaccharides. Thus, alginate lyases are widely used in the food/pharmaceutical industries and are commercially valuable. In this study, four alginate lyase encoding genes were successfully cloned from Sphingomonas sp. ZH0. The expression systems of these alginate lyases were then constructed in Escherichia coli cells. The recombinant ZH0-I, ZH0-II, ZH0-III and ZH0-IV were purified from E. coli cells and were confirmed to be monomeric enzymes with molecular weights of approximately 91, 52, 67, and 113 kDa, respectively...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
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