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Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM

Zhiyan Fu, Chunlai Zuo, Christine E Sheehan, Deepa T Patil, Jingmei Lin, Zhaohai Yang, Hwajeong Lee
Although nuclear immunostaining for paired box protein (PAX5) is widely used in practice, its cytoplasmic localization has not been evaluated. Recently we encountered cytoplasmic granular PAX5 staining in rectal well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor (WD-NET) in the absence of nuclear staining. We investigated the specificity of this staining pattern for rectal NET (n=21) in comparison with 108 NETs, 1 WD rectal NET with elevated proliferation (WD-NET G3), and 40 poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas from the gastrointestinal and pancreatobiliary tract and liver...
March 20, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Levent Trabzonlu, Tugce Agirlar Trabzonlu, Yesim Gurbuz, Savas Ceylan
Here, we present a case of pituitary adenoma producing adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in a 19-year-old woman. The patient was admitted to neurosurgery clinic because of a headache and decreased visual acuity. Transsphenoidal resection was performed. Microscopic examination of the tumor revealed signet-ring-like cell areas intermixed with conventional pituitary adenoma cells. Both populations of tumor cells showed immunoreactivity for chromogranin, synaptophysin, and ACTH. To date, there have been 3 reports of pituitary adenoma with signet-ring-like changes...
March 17, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Catherine L Forse, Dushanthi Pinnaduwage, Shelley B Bull, Anna Marie Mulligan, Irene L Andrulis
The proper handling of unstained paraffin slides for immunohistochemistry has been a matter of debate, with several studies demonstrating loss of antigenicity with prolonged storage at room temperature, 4°C and -20°C. The purpose of this study was to determine whether long-term storage of unstained slides at -80°C would impact the staining intensity and expression distribution of markers used to molecularly subtype breast cancer specimens [estrogen receptor (ER), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), cytokeratin 5 (CK5), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and Ki67]...
March 17, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Olaronke Oshilaja, Laila Nomani, Benjamin C Calhoun, Alberto J Montero, Charles D Sturgis
Mammary ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is classically treated by combinations of excision, radiation, and endocrine therapy, based upon the specific needs of individual patients. Estrogen receptor (ER) status is generally assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in newly diagnosed cases of DCIS, and endocrine therapy in this setting is thought to be chemopreventive. The potential impact of androgens on mammary carcinogenesis has been studied in recent years, and several authors have proposed androgen receptor (AR) IHC testing and targeted antiandrogenic therapy in patients with locally advanced or metastatic triple-negative invasive breast cancer (ie, negative for ER and progesterone receptor and HER-2)...
March 13, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Achim A Jungbluth, Denise Frosina, Miriam Fayad, Melissa P Pulitzer, Ahmet Dogan, Klaus J Busam, Naoko Imai, Sacha Gnjatic
T lymphocytes can be distinguished based on the composition of the T-cell receptor (TCR) chain in α/β T cells and γ/δ T cells. Correspondingly, α/β lymphomas can be distinguished from γ/δ lymphomas. The latter are rare neoplasms, which are usually confined to particular organs and tissues and carry a dismal prognosis. Until recently, monoclonal antibody (mAb) clone g3.20 to the TCR γ-chain was the reagent of choice for the immunohistochemical detection of γ/δ T cells and lymphomas in standard formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues...
March 6, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Yun Sol Jo, Min Sung Kim, Nam Jin Yoo, Sug Hyung Lee
MYH11 functions as a contractile protein, converting chemical energy into mechanical energy through adenosine triphosphate hydrolysis. In cancers, an oncogenic fusion CBFB/MYH11 and frameshift mutations have been reported. Truncating mutants of MYH11 exhibited increased ATPase and motor activity, suggesting their roles in energy balance and movement of cancer cells. MYH11 gene has a mononucleotide repeat (C8) in the coding sequences that could be a mutational target in the cancers exhibiting microsatellite instability (MSI)...
March 6, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Arnaud Uguen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Liang Li, Fengjuan Zhou, Fanzhong Lin, Cuihong Han
Thyroid-like low-grade nasopharyngeal papillary adenocarcinoma (TL-LGNPPA) is an extremely rare neoplasm. It morphologically resembles papillary thyroid carcinoma and is immunochemically positive for thyroid transcription factor 1. Herein, we reported a case of TL-LGNPPA in a female patient of 35 years old. She felt pharyngeal foreign body sensation of unknown cause and subsequently developed dyspnea after activities. Nasopharyngeal plain computerized tomography showed no abnormalities, but laryngoscopy showed a peanut-sized smooth neoplasm with a pedicel at the posterior edge of the nasal septum...
February 28, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Alessandro Franchi, Cecilia Taverna, Antonella Simoni, Monica Pepi, Giuditta Mannelli, Martina Fasolati, Oreste Gallo
Recently, it has been reported that deregulation of the receptor activator of NFkB ligand (RANKL)/RANK signaling axis results in salivary gland tumor development in a mouse transgenic model. The aim of this study was to ascertain RANKL and RANK protein expression in a series of primary parotid gland carcinomas and to correlate it with clinicopathologic parameters. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor samples from 46 consecutive cases of parotid gland carcinoma were selected for this study. For comparison, we examined a group of 40 randomly chosen parotid gland adenomas, including 20 pleomorphic adenomas, 10 myoepitheliomas, and 10 Warthin tumors...
February 28, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Sheetal Chauhan, Seema Sen, Anjana Sharma, Seema Kashyap, Radhika Tandon, Neelam Pushker, Murugesan Vanathi, Shyam S Chauhan
Conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the most common tumor of conjunctival epithelium. It is associated with risk of permanent visual impairment and has the capability to recur, metastasize, and cause death. Deregulation of cell cycle control has been reported in a number of malignancies. The aim of the present study was to assess expression of G1/S cell cycle regulatory proteins [retinoblastoma protein (pRb)/P16/cyclin D1] in conjunctival SCC. Forty-four prospective cases of conjunctival SCC from a tertiary eye care referral center in northern India were included in this study...
February 27, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Chang Feng, Man Feng, Yujun Gao, Xiaogang Zhao, Chuanliang Peng, Xiangshan Yang, Jing Zhang
Variant pulmonary adenocarcinoma with intestinal-type molecules shares similar molecular expression with colorectal carcinoma. However, expression of such molecules and their association with survival time with clinicopathologic parameters, such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene status in other types of pulmonary adenocarcinoma, has been rarely demonstrated. Sixty patients with resected pulmonary adenocarcinoma were divided into the enteric differentiation group (I group, n=30) and the usual group (U group, n=30)...
February 27, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Carolina Martinez Ciarpaglini, Jose Gonzalez, Beatriz Sanchez, Jaime Agusti, Lara Navarro, Gema Nieto, Carlos Monteagudo
AIMS: The risk assessment of spitzoid lesions is one of the most difficult challenges in dermatopathology practice. In this regard, the loss of p16 expression and the homozygous deletion of CDKN2A, have been pointed in the literature as reliable indicators of high risk. However, these findings are poorly reproducible, and the molecular bases underlying the loss of p16 expression remain unclear. We aimed to identify the underlying events causing loss of CDKN2A/p16 in spitzoid tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the immunohistochemical expression of p16, and the presence of CDKN2A genetic alterations detected through fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), in a series of 130 Spitz nevi, 20 atypical spitzoid tumors, and 11 spitzoid melanoma...
February 27, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Pinuccia Faviana, Riccardo Marconcini, Sergio Ricci, Luca Galli, Piero Lippolis, Fabiola Farci, Maura Castagna, Laura Boldrini
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) arise from the cells present throughout the diffuse endocrine system. These neoplasms were previously regarded as rare, but in fact are increasing in incidence (3.65/100 000 individuals/y). Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) plays a crucial role in cell cycle regulation, and it was reported to be overexpressed in several tumors. The aim of the study was to investigate EZH2 expression, also related with proliferation rate, and p53 expression in NETs of the intestine encompassing a group of tumors primary to the stomach, appendix, small intestine, and colon...
February 27, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Lara E Cândido-Soares, Elizabeth F Martinez, Vera C de Araújo, Ney S Araújo, Nadir S Freitas, Marcelo H Napimoga
Secreted osteoclastogenic factor of activated T cells (SOFAT) is a novel activated human T-cell-secreted cytokine that induce osteoclastogenesis in a RANKL-independent manner. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of SOFAT in intraosseous and extraosseous lesions. Thirty-two oral biopsies were divided into 2 groups: (1) intraosseous lesions-4 cases of cherubism, 5 central giant cell lesions, 3 osteoblastomas, 3 cementoblastomas, 2 periapical lesions and (2) extraosseous lesions-5 peripheral giant cell lesions, 5 cases of oral paracoccidioidomycosis, and 5 foreign body reactions...
February 27, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
David Creytens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Yan-Wen Jin, Wei Gao, Fu-Yu Li, Nan-Sheng Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Nenad Kunac, Željko Šundov, Katarina Vilović
The development of colorectal cancer is known to be characterized by a sequence of events during which normal colonic epithelium gradually transforms to carcinoma, the adenoma-carcinoma sequence. Apoptosis plays an important role in the development and maintenance of tissue homeostasis. Currently, there is no agreement in the literature about the prognosis of apoptosis in colorectal cancer. The number of studies examining the expression of caspases in colorectal cancer is very limited, and they have not examined any correlation between expression and patient survival...
February 27, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Gunes Guner, Aynur Isik, Erdem Karabulut, Gokhan Gedikoglu, Cenk Sokmensuer, Aytekin Akyol
Gastric carcinoma management requires adjustments answering their genetic and morphologic heterogeneity. We aim to assess the expression and significance of a myriad of biomarkers (p53, MLH1, MSH2, PMS2, MSH6, Epstein-Barr encoding region-RNA, c-erbB2, E-cadherin, CEA, chromogranin, Ki-67, CDX2, presenilin-1, cathepsin E, MUC5AC, cyclin-dependent kinase 1) in 117 gastric carcinomas, which we have morphologically subclassified with a simple algorithm. Immunohistochemical stains were applied to 3 tissue microarrays of primary gastric carcinomas (n=117) obtained from resection specimens of untreated patients...
February 12, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Ivan Šamija, Neven Mateša, Sanja Kožaj, Ivana Majstorović, Ante Bolanča, Zvonko Kusić
There is a great interest in molecular markers that would help in the preoperative diagnosis of malignant thyroid nodules in cases of indeterminate fine-needle aspiration cytology. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of HMGA2 gene expression in discriminating benign from malignant thyroid nodules. In this study, 237 preoperative thyroid fine-needle aspiration samples were analyzed prospectively for the expression of the HMGA2 gene by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction...
February 5, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Paulette Mhawech-Fauceglia, Damanzoopinder Samroa
Adenomatoid tumors (AT) arising in the female genital tract are usually incidental findings occurring most often in the fallopian tube and uterine serosa and rarely in the myometrium. In the myometrium, they appear grossly as deep seated, small, firm, ill circumscribed nodules mimicking leiomyoma. Histologically they show a glandular and invasive pattern making well-differentiated/low-grade endometrioid adenocarcinoma a major differential diagnosis. However, this differential is rarely encountered in practice because myometrial AT is usually seen on the hysterectomy specimen, because of their anatomic position in the deep myometrium, and only rarely in endometrial curettings...
February 5, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
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