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Asim Badar, Zarina Arif, Khursheed Alam
Carbamylation (or carbamoylation) is a non-enzymatic modification of biomolecules mediated by cyanate, a dissociation product of urea. Proteins are more sensitive to carbamylation. Two major sites of carbamylation reaction are: Nα -amino moiety of a protein N-terminus and the Nɛ -amino moiety of proteins' lysine residues. In kidney diseases, urea accumulates and the burden of carbamylation increases. This may lead to alteration in the structure and function of many important proteins relevant in maintenance of homeostasis...
March 15, 2018: IUBMB Life
Yingying Liu, Yudiao Huang, Yueyue Xu, Peng Qu, Minghua Wang
Increased transendothelial permeability and subsequent blood-brain barrier damage play a key role in the pathological progression of human brain ischemia and secondary reperfusion. Memantine is a licensed drug providing clinically relevant efficacy in patients with Alzheimer's disease. However, little information is known regarding its effects on brain endothelial permeability. In this study, we investigated the effects of memantine on endothelial permeability and the underlying mechanisms in an ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury model in primary human brain microvascular endothelial cells...
March 15, 2018: IUBMB Life
Srividya Gopalakrishnan, Harshavardhana H Ediga, S Sreenivasa Reddy, G Bhanuprakash Reddy, Ayesha Ismail
Altered activity of the proteolytic machine-the 26S proteasome is observed in many disease conditions. Hence, either inhibition or activation of the 26S proteasome is thought to be a novel therapy for treatment of certain diseases such as cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, we tested the potential of cinnamon and one of its active ingredients, procyanidin-B2 (PCB2), in inhibiting the catalytic activities of the proteasome and suppressing prostate cancer cell growth. Proteasome activities were measured using fluorogenic substrates specific for the different enzymatic activities of the 26S proteasome by flourometry...
March 14, 2018: IUBMB Life
Phillip Nagley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: IUBMB Life
Qian Qian, Yuetao Lv, Peng Li
Suppressors of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) is a member of SOCS family and acts as negative regulators of cytokine signaling by direct inhibition of receptor-associated janus kinases. The clinical significance and biological function of SOCS1 in variant tumor tissues and at variant tumor stages is still controversial. The aim of our study is to confirm the expression status of SOCS1 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) tissues and cell lines, and explore the clinical value and biological function of SOCS1 in TNBC...
March 12, 2018: IUBMB Life
Haidy E Zidan, Rehab S Abdul-Maksoud, Walid S H Elsayed, Esam A M Desoky
Prostate cancer (PCa) is considered the most common malignancy in men. The aim of this study is to assess the role of serum miR-15a and miR-16-1 expression in PCa development, diagnosis and prognosis aiming to find a specific noninvasive biomarker. This study comprised 70 patients with PCa, 70 patients complaining of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), 30 patients with chronic prostatitis and 70 controls. Circulating miR-15a and miR-16-1 expression was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Prostate specific antigen levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
March 9, 2018: IUBMB Life
Liming Dong, Yanpei Li, Dongwei Xue, Yili Liu
The role of protein l-isoaspartate (d-aspartate) O-methyltransferase (PCMT1) in human cancer was generally cognized. The clinical significance and biological function of PCMT1 in bladder cancer is still unknown. PCMT1 mRNA and protein expression levels in bladder cancer tissues and cell lines were detected by qRT-PCR, immunohistochemistry, or western blot. The correlation between PCMT1 expression and clinicopathological factors was analyzed through immunohistochemistry in 108 bladder cancer patients. Loss-of-function and gain-of-function studies were conducted to explore the biological function of PCMT1 in bladder cancer cell lines in regulating cell proliferation, migration, and invasion...
March 8, 2018: IUBMB Life
Zhiheng Huang, Xiaoyan Huang, Qian Wang, Ruizhi Jiang, Guangda Sun, Yiming Xu, Qinan Wu
Positive regulation of autophagy by Euryale ferox Salisb (ES) leads to antidepressant effects. This study focused on the potential antidepressant mechanisms induced by the petroleum ether fraction of ES (ES-PE) in the chronically unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) mouse model. Deficits in the sucrose preference test, open field test, tail suspension test, and forced swim test were observed following CUMS, and were reversed following ES-PE administration. Contrary to the expression of mammalian target of rapamycin, autophagy was decreased after establishment of the CUMS model...
March 6, 2018: IUBMB Life
Yongping Zhou, Yigang Chen, Wenzhou Ding, Zhiyuan Hua, Liying Wang, Ye Zhu, Haixin Qian, Tu Dai
This study was expected to reveal the regulatory effects of lncRNA UCA1 on pancreatic cancer cell progression through targeting miR-96/FOXO3. Microarray analysis was carried out on 36 cases of pancreatic cancer tissues and 16 cases of adjacent tissues among them. Expression levels of lncRNA UCA1, miR-96, and FOXO3 in pancreatic cancer tissues and cell lines were determined by qRT-PCR. Expression levels of FOXO3 protein were determined by western blot. Cell viability, cell cycle and apoptosis, cell invasion and migration were detected by CCK-8, flow cytometry, and transwell assay, respectively...
March 2, 2018: IUBMB Life
Mingqin Lu, Xiaoying Huang, Yongping Chen, Yangyang Fu, Chaona Xu, Wei Xiang, Cheng Li, Shengguo Zhang, Chang Yu
Kinesin family member 20A (KIF20A) is an essential regulator of cytokinesis. In this study, by performing a retrospective study based on data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-Liver and Hepatocellular Carcinoma (LIHC) cohort, we tried to assess the independent prognostic value of KIF20A in terms of overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS). Results showed that normal liver tissues had very low KIF20A expression compared with normal tissues in other cohorts in TCGA. However, the primary HCC tissues (N = 371) had significantly elevated KIF20A expression than normal liver tissues (N = 50)...
March 2, 2018: IUBMB Life
Jianyou Su, Hua Huang, Shaoqing Ju, Jiahai Shi
Lung cancer, particularly non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), is one of main causes of mortality in cancer patients worldwide. It is necessary to seek effective biomarkers to improve diagnostic and therapeutic efficacies in human NSCLC. RTP801 is a stress-response protein that can be induced by many types of cellular stress such as hypoxia and DNA damage, produces different biological effects depending on cell type and context. Up to now, there is no direct evidence showing the expression and involvement of RTP801 in human NSCLC...
February 27, 2018: IUBMB Life
Reema Kathuria, Kausik Chattopadhyay
Vibrio cholerae cytolysin (VCC) is a membrane-damaging protein toxin with potent cytolytic/cytotoxic activity against wide range of eukaryotic cells. VCC is a β-barrel pore-forming toxin (β-PFT), and it inflicts damage to the target cell membranes by forming transmembrane heptameric β-barrel pores. To exert pore-forming activity, VCC must bind to the cell membranes in an efficient manner. Efficient interaction with the cell membranes is an essential pre-requisite to trigger subsequent structural/conformational and organizational changes in the toxin molecules leading toward formation of the transmembrane oligomeric β-barrel pores...
February 22, 2018: IUBMB Life
Boris Negrutskii, Dmytro Vlasenko, Marc Mirande, Pavlo Futernyk, Anna El'skaya
The question of what governs the translation elongation rate in eukaryotes has not yet been completely answered. Earlier, different availability of different tRNAs was considered as a main factor involved, however, recent data revealed that the elongation rate does not always depend on tRNA availability. Here, we offer another, codon-independent approach to explain specific tRNA-dependence of the elongation rate in eukaryotes. We hypothesize that the exit rate of eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1A (eEF1A)*GDP from the 80S ribosome depends on the protein affinity to specific aminoacyl-tRNA remaining on the ribosome after GTP hydrolysis...
February 8, 2018: IUBMB Life
Chao Liu, Qian Wang, Bing Sun, Xiangying Meng, Lan Li, Liuchun Yang, Yang Cong, Jiannan Liu, Liang Xuan, Yan Huang, Shikai Wu
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) have important roles in breast cancer development. Previous studies confirmed a correlation between these immune molecules and tumor characteristics, but their association with nutritional status in breast cancer is largely unknown. We aimed to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI), hemoglobin, total protein, albumin, globulin (GLB), albumin/GLB ratio (AGR), pre-albumin, prognostic nutritional index, and TGF-β, IL-10, and Foxp3 mRNA expression in patients with breast cancer...
February 5, 2018: IUBMB Life
Yue-Qin Li, Ji-Ye Yin, Zhao-Qian Liu, Xiang-Ping Li
Platinum-based chemotherapy agents are widely used in the treatment of various solid malignancies. However, their efficacy is limited by drug resistance. Recent studies suggest that copper efflux transporters, which are encoded by ATP7A and ATP7B, play an important role in platinum drug resistance. Over-expressions of ATP7A and ATP7B are observed in multiple cancers. Moreover, their expressions are associated with cancer prognosis and treatment outcomes of platinum-based chemotherapy. In our review, we highlight the roles of ATP7A/7B in platinum drug resistance and cancer progression...
February 2, 2018: IUBMB Life
Xinxin Tian, Fangfang Tao, Baotong Zhang, Jin-Tang Dong, Zhiqian Zhang
Dysregulation of microRNA expression plays a pivotal role in the initiation and progression of a variety of human carcinomas including prostate cancer. Our previous studies have demonstrated that the silence of miR-203 contributes to the invasiveness of malignant breast cancer cells by targeting SNAI2. However, the effects and underlying mechanisms of miR-203/SNAI2 axis in prostate cancer have not been elucidated. The aim of this study is to explore the effects of miR-203/SNAI2 axis on the biological characteristics of prostate carcinomas both in vitro and in vivo...
February 1, 2018: IUBMB Life
Mehdi Khateri, Asghar Abdoli, Fatemeh Motevalli, Fatemeh Fotouhi, Azam Bolhassani, Arash Arashkia, Ehsan Ollah Jazaeri, Sepideh Shahbazi, Parvaneh Mehrbod, Hamed Naziri, Mohammad Reza Aghasadeghi
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection remains a serious threat to life and productivity in developing world. Vaccine seems to be an effective, safe, and affordable approach to address HEV disease burden. The HEV genome consists of three open reading frames (ORFs). Of these, ORF2 encodes a single structural protein (pORF2) for the HEV capsid which has been studied extensively as vaccine candidates. Recently, it has been recognized that autophagy plays an important role in innate and adaptive immunity defense against intracellular pathogens...
January 25, 2018: IUBMB Life
Riccardo Montioli, Giacomo Janson, Alessandro Paiardini, Mariarita Bertoldi, Carla Borri Voltattorni
Aromatic amino acid or Dopa decarboxylase (AADC or DDC) is a homodimeric pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) enzyme responsible for the generation of the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin. AADC deficiency is a rare inborn disease caused by mutations of the AADC gene leading to a defect of AADC enzyme and resulting in impaired dopamine and serotonin synthesis. Until now, only the molecular effects of homozygous mutations were analyzed. However, although heterozygous carriers of AADC deficiency were identified, the molecular aspects of their enzymatic phenotypes are not yet investigated...
January 22, 2018: IUBMB Life
Wonjong Lee, Dong Gun Lee
Silymarin, which is derived from the seeds of Silybum marianum, has been widely used to prevent and treat liver diseases. In our previous study, we reported that at concentrations above the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC), silymarin exhibited antifungal activity against Candida albicans by targeting its plasma membrane. However, the antifungal mechanism at concentration below the MIC remains unknown. Therefore, we aimed to determine the underlying mechanism of antifungal effects of silymarin at concentration below the MIC...
January 22, 2018: IUBMB Life
Jiayu Chen, Hanjun Li, Grewo Lim, Michael F McCabe, Wei Zhao, Yunli Yang, Weiqing Ma, Na Li
Neuropathic pain is a complex, chronic pain condition and the treatment is a major clinical challenge. Recent studies have shown that two FDA approved drugs dexmedetomidine (DEX) and midazolam (MZL), may be useful in treating neuropathic pain, but the mechanism is not fully dementated. Here, we investigated the effects and mechanisms of DEX and MZL treatment in the peripheral nerve injury model. Intramuscular injection with DEX and MZL attenuated the development of mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia in rats with chronic constriction injury (CCI)...
January 17, 2018: IUBMB Life
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