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European Journal of Nutrition

Marcos D Machado-Fragua, Ellen A Struijk, Auxiliadora Graciani, Pilar Guallar-Castillon, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Esther Lopez-Garcia
PURPOSE: Habitual coffee consumption has been associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Since these diseases are main determinants of functional limitations, we have tested the hypothesis that coffee intake is associated with lower risk of physical function impairment, frailty and disability in older adults. We focused on women and those with obesity, hypertension or type 2 diabetes because they are at higher risk of functional limitations. METHODS: Prospective study with 3289 individuals ≥ 60 years from the Seniors-ENRICA cohort...
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
I S M van der Wurff, C von Schacky, T Bergeland, R Leontjevas, M P Zeegers, P A Kirschner, R H M de Groot
PURPOSE: Depression is common in adolescents and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) are suggested to be associated with depression. However, research in adolescents is limited. Furthermore, self-esteem has never been studied in relation to LCPUFA. The objective here was to determine associations of depression and self-esteem with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), Omega-3 Index (O3I), n-6 docosapentaenoic acid (n-6 DPA, also called Osbond acid, ObA), n-3 docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), and arachidonic acid (AA) concentrations in blood of adolescents attending lower general secondary education (LGSE)...
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Nahid Rafie, Sahar Golpour Hamedani, Noushin Mohammadifard, Awat Feizi, Sayyed Morteza Safavi
PURPOSE: There are epidemiologic studies indicating a positive correlation between high sodium and low potassium intake and body mass index. Therefore, this study was conducted in a cross-sectional sample of Iranian children and adolescents to evaluate the link between 24-h urinary Na:K ratio and risk of obesity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 374 participants aged 11-18 years were included. One 24-h urine sample was collected by each participant to estimate Na:K ratio...
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Armin Zittermann, Jana B Ernst, Sylvana Prokop, Uwe Fuchs, Jens Dreier, Joachim Kuhn, Cornelius Knabbe, Heiner K Berthold, Ioanna Gouni-Berthold, Jan F Gummert, Jochen Börgermann, Stefan Pilz
PURPOSE: Observational studies indicate a positive association between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and testosterone (T) concentrations. Because low 25OHD concentrations and T deficiency are considered to be a generalized phenomenon in patients with advanced heart failure (HF), we aimed to investigate whether vitamin D supplementation has beneficial effects on T indices in these patients. METHODS: In a pre-specified secondary analysis of the EVITA (effect of vitamin D on mortality in heart failure) randomized controlled trial, we analyzed in male subjects with 25OHD concentrations < 75 nmol/L the effect of a daily vitamin D3 supplement of 4000 IU for 3 years (n = 71) vs...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Hanne Rosendahl-Riise, Therese Karlsson, Christian A Drevon, Ellen M Apalset, Ottar K Nygård, Grethe S Tell, Jutta Dierkes
PURPOSE: Fish is a source of various nutrients beneficial for bone health, but few studies have investigated the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and fish consumption. Thus, the aim was to investigate the relationship between total fish intake and BMD and between both lean and fatty fish intake and BMD. METHOD: These cross-sectional analyses include 4656 participants in the Hordaland Health Study, a community-based study conducted in 1997-1999. The study includes two birth cohorts of men and women from Hordaland county (Norway) born in 1950-1951 and 1925-1927...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Manizheh Khalilpourfarshbafi, Khadijeh Gholami, Dharmani Devi Murugan, Munavvar Zubaid Abdul Sattar, Nor Azizan Abdullah
PROPOSE: Obesity is a fast growing epidemic worldwide. During obesity, the increase in adipose tissue mass arise from two different mechanisms, namely, hyperplasia and hypertrophy. Hyperplasia which is the increase in adipocyte number is characteristic of severe obese patients. Recently, there has been much interest in targeting adipogenesis as therapeutic strategy against obesity. Flavonoids have been shown to regulate several pathways and affect a number of molecular targets during specific stages of adipocyte development...
March 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Fred Brouns
In the past, different types of diet with a generally low-carbohydrate content (< 50-< 20 g/day) have been promoted, for weight loss and diabetes, and the effectiveness of a very low dietary carbohydrate content has always been a matter of debate. A significant reduction in the amount of carbohydrates in the diet is usually accompanied by an increase in the amount of fat and to a lesser extent, also protein. Accordingly, using the term "low carb-high fat" (LCHF) diet is most appropriate...
March 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Cristina Fernández-García, Lisa Rancan, Sergio D Paredes, César Montero, Mónica de la Fuente, Elena Vara, Jesús A F Tresguerres
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Aging is associated with a deregulation of biological systems that lead to an increase in oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis, among other effects. Xanthohumol is the main preylated chalcone present in hops (Humulus lupulus L.) whose antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and chemopreventive properties have been shown in recent years. In the present study, the possible protective effects of xanthohumol on liver alterations associated with aging were evaluated. METHODS: Male young and old senescence-accelerated prone mice (SAMP8), aged 2 and 10 months, respectively, were divided into four groups: non-treated young, non-treated old, old treated with 1 mg/kg/day xanthohumol, and old treated with 5 mg/kg/day xanthohumol...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Joanna Kaluza, Holly Harris, Anders Linden, Alicja Wolk
PURPOSE: Limited studies have examined red meat consumption in relation to risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and none have examined the impact of long-term diet on COPD risk. We sought to investigate the association between long-term red meat consumption and risk of COPD. METHODS: The population-based prospective Swedish Mammography Cohort included 34,053 women, aged 48-83 years, followed for the current analyses from 2002 to 2014. Unprocessed and processed red meat consumption was assessed with a self-administered questionnaire in 1987 and 1997...
March 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Louise J C J den Biggelaar, Simone J P M Eussen, Simone J S Sep, Andrea Mari, Ele Ferrannini, Marleen M van Greevenbroek, Carla J van der Kallen, Casper G Schalkwijk, Ilja C W Arts, Coen D A Stehouwer, Pieter C Dagnelie
PURPOSE: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by both impaired pancreatic β-cell function (BCF) and insulin resistance. In the etiology of T2DM, BCF basically determines whether a person with a certain degree of insulin resistance develops T2DM, as β-cells are able to compensatorily increase insulin secretion. The effects of dietary intake on BCF are largely unknown. Our study aim was to investigate whether dietary macronutrient intake predicts BCF. METHODS: Prospective data (median follow-up 7 years) of 303 individuals recruited from the CODAM study population (aged 40-70 years, 39% women) were analyzed...
March 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Yvonne Hagenlocher, Sonja Gommeringer, Anna Held, Katharina Feilhauer, Jörg Köninger, Stephan C Bischoff, Axel Lorentz
PURPOSE: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) shows increasing prevalence over the last years. We propose that anti-inflammatory plant substances could be used as additional or alternative agents with good compliance in prevention and/or therapy of IBD and its complication intestinal fibrosis. We could recently show that the citrus flavonoid nobiletin acts anti-inflammatory on activation of intestinal mast cells. Here, we analysed the effects of nobiletin on inflammation and fibrosis in IL-10-/- colitis...
March 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Shengxin Liu, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Annemieke M W Spijkerman, Ivonne Sluijs
PURPOSE: The association between dietary saturated fatty acids (SFA) intake and type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains unclear. This study aimed at investigating the association between SFA intake and T2D risk based on (1) individual SFA (differing in carbon chain length), (2) food sources of SFA and (3) the substituting macronutrients. METHODS: 37,421 participants from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Netherlands (EPIC-NL) cohort were included in this study...
March 9, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Asimina Kerimi, Hilda Nyambe-Silavwe, Alison Pyner, Ebun Oladele, Julia S Gauer, Yala Stevens, Gary Williamson
PURPOSE: The secoiridoid oleuropein, as found in olives and olive leaves, modulates some biomarkers of diabetes risk in vivo. A possible mechanism may be to attenuate sugar digestion and absorption. METHODS: We explored the potential of oleuropein, prepared from olive leaves in a water soluble form (OLE), to inhibit digestive enzymes (α-amylase, maltase, sucrase), and lower [14 C(U)]-glucose uptake in Xenopus oocytes expressing human GLUT2 and [14 C(U)]-glucose transport across differentiated Caco-2 cell monolayers...
March 9, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
A Bárbara Garcia-Garcia, S Martinez-Hervas, J T Real, P Marin-Garcia, G de Marco, A Priego, J F Martínez-Valls, R Carmena, F J Chaves, J F Ascaso
PURPOSE: Our aim was to evaluate the postprandial effect of an oral fat load test (OFLT) rich in unsaturated fatty acids on gene expression profile in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from subjects with abdominal obesity as an insulin resistance model and controls. METHODS: A total of 20 controls and 20 abdominal obese patients were studied. Metabolic parameters and oxidative stress markers were measured with standardized protocols. The whole gene expression at fasting state and after the OFLT (0, 4 and 8 h) was analysed using human HT-12-v4 expression beadchips, from Illumina...
March 8, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Gemma Sangüesa, José Carlos Montañés, Miguel Baena, Rosa María Sánchez, Núria Roglans, Marta Alegret, Juan Carlos Laguna
PURPOSE: Sugar-sweetened beverage intake is a risk factor for insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, fatty liver, and steatohepatitis (NASH). Sub-chronic supplementation of liquid fructose, but not glucose, in female rats increases liver and plasma triglycerides without inflammation. We hypothesized that chronic supplementation of fructose would cause NASH and liver insulin resistance. METHODS: We supplemented female Sprague-Dawley rats with water or either fructose or glucose 10% w/v solutions under isocaloric conditions for 7 months...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Laura A van der Velde, Anh N Nguyen, Josje D Schoufour, Anouk Geelen, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco, Trudy Voortman
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate diet quality of 8-year-old children in the Netherlands, to identify sociodemographic and lifestyle correlates of child diet quality, and to examine tracking of diet quality from early to mid-childhood. METHODS: For 4733 children participating in a population-based cohort, we assessed dietary intake using a validated food-frequency questionnaire at a median age of 8.1 years (interquartile range 8.0-8.2) (2011-2014). Based on dietary guidelines, we developed and validated a food-based diet quality score for children consisting of ten components (score 0-10): sufficient intake of vegetables; fruit; whole grains; fish; legumes; nuts; dairy; oils and soft fats; and low intake of sugar-containing-beverages; and high-fat and processed meat...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Ujué Fresán, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Gina Segovia-Siapco, Almudena Sanchez-Villegas, Francisca Lahortiga, Pedro-Antonio de la Rosa, Miguel-Angel Martínez-Gonzalez
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the association of the Mediterranean-DASH diet intervention for neurodegenerative delay (MIND) diet and the Mediterranean diet (and their components), and depression risk. METHODS: We followed-up (median 10.4 years) 15,980 adults initially free of depression at baseline or in the first 2 years of follow-up. Food consumption was measured at baseline through a validated food-frequency questionnaire, and was used to compute adherence to the MIND and the Mediterranean diets...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Leticia Goni, Dianjianyi Sun, Yoriko Heianza, Tiange Wang, Tao Huang, J Alfredo Martínez, Xiaoyun Shang, George A Bray, Steven R Smith, Frank M Sacks, Lu Qi
PURPOSE: A common variant of the melatonin receptor 1B (MTNR1B) gene has been related to increased signaling of melatonin, a hormone previously associated with body fatness mainly through effects on energy metabolism. We examined whether the MTNR1B variant affects changes of body fatness and composition in response to a dietary weight loss intervention. METHODS: The MTNR1B rs10830963 variant was genotyped for 722 overweight and obese individuals, who were randomly assigned to one of four diets varying in macronutrient composition...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Andre Renzaho, Tiffany K Gill, Anne W Taylor, Eleonora Dal Grande, Barbora de Courten, Estifanos Baye, David Gonzalez-Chica, Elina Hyppӧnen, Zumin Shi, Malcolm Riley, Robert Adams, Yohannes Kinfu
BACKGROUND: Diet is a major determining factor for many non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs). However, evidence on diet-related NCD burden remains limited. We assessed the trends in diet-related NCDs in Australia from 1990 to 2015 and compared the results with other countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). METHODS: We used data and methods from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study to estimate the NCD mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to 14 dietary risk factors in Australia and 34 OECD nations...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Thaise C Mondin, Amanda L Stuart, Lana J Williams, Felice N Jacka, Julie A Pasco, Anu Ruusunen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cross-sectional association between habitual diet quality, dietary patterns and sleep duration. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 838 men and 1065 women participating in a large, population-based cohort study, the Geelong Osteoporosis Study. A diet quality score (DQS) was derived from answers to a food-frequency questionnaire, and a factor analysis identified habitual dietary patterns. Self-reported sleep duration was dichotomized into 'short sleep duration' (< 7 h/night) and 'adequate sleep duration' (≥ 7 h/night)...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
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