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European Journal of Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219965/food-insecurity-and-adult-weight-abnormality-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Sajjad Moradi, Atieh Mirzababaei, Alireza Dadfarma, Shahabeddin Rezaei, Hamed Mohammadi, Behrooz Jannat, Khadijeh Mirzaei
PURPOSE: Research into the relationship between food insecurity and weight abnormality has yielded varied and contradictory results. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis were carried out to examine the association between food insecurity and weight abnormality in adults. METHODS: Pertinent studies were identified by searching PubMed and Scopus databases, up to February 2018. Data were available from 31 studies. These studies were conducted in 14 different countries...
September 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218140/predicting-mixed-meal-measured-glycaemic-index-in-healthy-subjects
#2
Simon Ballance, Svein Halvor Knutsen, Øivind Winther Fosvold, Aida Sainz Fernandez, John Monro
PURPOSE: To determine the influence of meal composition on the glycaemic impact of different carbohydrate staples, and the accuracy of "adjusted calculated meal GI" compared with "measured mixed-meal GI". METHODS: In a non-blind randomized crossover trial fasted healthy subjects consumed four dinner-type mixed meals of realistic serving size comprising a carbohydrate staple of either mashed potato, pasta, rice or a glucose drink, combined with fixed portions of boiled carrots, poached salmon and herb sauce...
September 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178141/the-combined-association-of-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-muscular-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-on-low-grade-inflammation-in-adolescents-a-pooled-analysis
#3
César Agostinis-Sobrinho, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Rafaela Rosário, Carla Moreira, Luís Lopes, Arvydas Martinkenas, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos
PURPOSE: Low-grade inflammation leads to several metabolic disorders, and adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and muscular fitness (MF) has been considered important markers of metabolic healthy in youth. We investigated the combined association of adherence to Mediterranean diet, and muscular and cardiorespiratory fitness on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in adolescents. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis with 1462 adolescents (625 girls) aged 9-18 years from Colombia and Portugal...
September 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167852/effect-of-diet-in-females-f1-from-prenatally-undernourished-mothers-on-metabolism-and-liver-function-in-the-f2-progeny-is-sex-specific
#4
Ouma Cissé, Isabelle Fajardy, Fabien Delahaye, Anne Dickes, Valérie Montel, Emmanuelle Moitrot, Christophe Breton, Didier Vieau, Christine Laborie
PURPOSE: Poor maternal nutrition sensitises to the development of metabolic diseases and obesity in adulthood over several generations. The prevalence increases when offspring is fed with a high-fat (HF) diet after weaning. This study aims to determine whether such metabolic profiles can be transmitted to the second generation and even aggravated when the mothers were exposed to overnutrition, with attention to potential sex differences. METHODS: Pregnant Wistar rats were subjected to ad libitum (control) or 70% food-restricted diet (FR) during gestation (F0)...
August 30, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167851/fatty-acids-from-dairy-and-meat-and-their-association-with-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease
#5
Linda E T Vissers, Jonna Rijksen, Jolanda M A Boer, W M Monique Verschuren, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Ivonne Sluijs
PURPOSE: The relationship of total, saturated, mono-unsaturated and poly-unsaturated fatty acids (SFA, MUFA, PUFA) with coronary heart disease (CHD) is debated. We hypothesized that the association of dairy-derived FA with CHD may be different than the association of meat-derived FA with CHD. We therefore aimed to directly compare association of FA intakes from dairy and meat with risk of CHD using substitution models. METHODS: Baseline (1993-1997) FA intake was measured using a validated food frequency questionnaire among 35,767 participants from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Netherlands cohort (EPIC-NL)...
August 30, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128767/the-effect-of-healthy-nordic-diet-on-cardio-metabolic-markers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#6
REVIEW
Nahid Ramezani-Jolfaie, Mohammad Mohammadi, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Nordic diet (ND), is supposed to be associated with a reduced cardiovascular risk; however, clinical trials have led to inconsistent results regarding the effect of this diet on cardio-metabolic markers. Using systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), this study aimed to investigate the effect of the ND on circulating levels of total, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and triglyceride (TG), as well as blood pressure in human adults...
August 20, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121807/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-in-metabolically-healthy-and-unhealthy-overweight-and-obese-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#7
Lide Arenaza, Inge Huybrechts, Francisco B Ortega, Jonatan R Ruiz, Stefaan De Henauw, Yannis Manios, Ascensión Marcos, Cristina Julián, Kurt Widhalm, Gloria Bueno, Mathilde Kersting, Anthony Kafatos, Christina Breidenassel, Raquel Pedrero-Chamizo, Frédéric Gottrand, Marcela González-Gross, Luis A Moreno, Idoia Labayen
PURPOSE: To examine the adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) in metabolically healthy overweight or obese (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) European adolescents. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 137 overweight/obese adolescents aged 12-17 years old from the HELENA study were included. Height, weight, waist circumference and skinfold thickness were measured and body mass index and body fat percent were calculated. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, glucose, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides and cardiorespiratory fitness (20 m shuttle run test) were measured...
August 18, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121806/vitamin-d-deficiency-is-an-independent-predictor-of-mortality-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#8
Richard M Cubbon, Judith E Lowry, Michael Drozd, Marlous Hall, John Gierula, Maria F Paton, Rowena Byrom, Lorraine C Kearney, Julian H Barth, Mark T Kearney, Klaus K Witte
PURPOSE: Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations have been associated with adverse outcomes in selected populations with established chronic heart failure (CHF). However, it remains unclear whether 25[OH]D deficiency is associated with mortality and hospitalisation in unselected patients receiving contemporary medical and device therapy for CHF. METHODS: We prospectively examined the prevalence and correlates of 25[OH]D deficiency in 1802 ambulatory patients with CHF due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction (left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 45%) attending heart failure clinics in the north of England...
August 18, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30120538/effect-of-industrial-trans-fatty-acids-enriched-diet-on-gut-microbiota-of-c57bl-6-mice
#9
Yueting Ge, Wei Liu, Haiteng Tao, Yu Zhang, Lina Liu, Zhenhua Liu, Bin Qiu, Tongcheng Xu
PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that industrially originated trans-fatty acids (iTFAs) are associated with several chronic diseases, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Because gut microbiota play a critical role in human health, diet competent induced gut microbiota dysbiosis may contributing to disease pathogenesis. Therefore, the present study examined the impact of iTFA on gut microbiota, help understanding the underling mechanism of iTFA-associated chronic diseases...
August 17, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109419/metabolic-alterations-associated-with-maternal-undernutrition-during-the-first-half-of-gestation-lead-to-a-diabetogenic-state-in-the-rat
#10
María Limones, Julio Sevillano, María G Sánchez-Alonso, Emilio Herrera, María Del Pilar Ramos-Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Although recent studies have investigated the effect of maternal nutrition on metabolic programming of the offspring, the question whether a nutritional insult during early gestation favours an altered metabolic state of the mother that persists during the remainder period of pregnancy, when foetal growth is maximal, remains to be answered. METHODS: To address this issue, we analysed the effect of 40% food restriction during the first 12 days of gestation on glucose tolerance, as well as on liver and adipose tissue metabolism, in Sprague-Dawley pregnant rats...
August 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094646/significant-metabolic-improvement-by-a-water-extract-of-olives-animal-and-human-evidence
#11
Nikolaos Peroulis, Vasilis P Androutsopoulos, George Notas, Stella Koinaki, Elsa Giakoumaki, Apostolos Spyros, Εfstathia Manolopoulou, Sophia Kargaki, Maria Tzardi, Eleni Moustou, Euripides G Stephanou, Efstathia Bakogeorgou, Niki Malliaraki, Maria Niniraki, Christos Lionis, Elias Castanas, Marilena Kampa
PURPOSE: Dyslipidemia and impaired glucose metabolism are the main health issues of growing prevalence and significant high healthcare cost, requiring novel prevention and/or therapeutic approaches. Epidemiological and animal studies revealed that olive oil is an important dietary constituent, inducing normolipidemia. However, no studies have specifically investigated the polyphenol-rich water extract of olives (OLWPE), generated during olive oil production. METHODS: In the present work, we initially examined the effect of OLPWE on animals' metabolic parameters...
August 9, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088075/lc-ms-ms-based-25-oh-d-status-in-a-large-southern-european-outpatient-cohort-gender-and-age-specific-differences
#12
Silvia Giuliani, Verena Barbieri, Angela Maria Di Pierro, Fabio Rossi, Thomas Widmann, Manuela Lucchiari, Irene Pusceddu, Stefan Pilz, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch, Markus Herrmann
BACKGROUND: Developed countries have a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency. In previous studies, 25(OH)D was predominantly measured by immunoassays. The present study assessed serum 25(OH)D in a very large Southern European outpatient cohort by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 74,235 serum 25(OH)D results generated under routine conditions between 2015 and 2016 were extracted from the laboratory information system of the Department of Clinical Pathology at Bolzano Hospital (Italy)...
August 7, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30084005/high-intake-of-dietary-fibre-from-fruit-and-vegetables-reduces-the-risk-of-hospitalisation-for-diverticular-disease
#13
Mahmood W Mahmood, Mirna Abraham-Nordling, Niclas Håkansson, Alicja Wolk, Fredrik Hjern
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: High intake of dietary fibres has been associated with a reduced risk of DD. However, reports on which type of dietary fibre intake that is most beneficial have been conflicting. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between different dietary fibres and hospitalisation due to diverticular disease (DD) of the colon. METHODS: This was a major cohort study. The Swedish Mammography Cohort and the Cohort of Swedish Men were linked to the Swedish Inpatient Register and the Causes of Death Register...
August 6, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078091/sex-dependent-difference-in-the-association-between-frequency-of-spicy-food-consumption-and-risk-of-hypertension-in-chinese-adults
#14
Tingchao He, Meichen Wang, Zixing Tian, Jian Zhang, Yan Liu, Yumei Zhang, Peiyu Wang, Yong Xue
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to explore the association between frequency of spicy food consumption and risk of hypertension in Chinese adults. METHODS: Data were extracted from the 2009 wave of the China Health and Nutrition Survey, consisting of 9273 apparently healthy adults. Height, weight, and blood pressure (BP) were measured and diet was assessed with three consecutive 24-h recalls in combination with a weighed food inventory. Frequency of spicy food consumption and degree of pungency in spicy food consumption were self-reported...
August 4, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078090/correction-to-large-artery-stiffness-is-associated-with-salt-intake-in-young-healthy-black-but-not-white-adults-the-african-predict-study
#15
Michél Strauss, Wayne Smith, Ruan Kruger, Bianca van der Westhuizen, Aletta E Schutte
In the Original publication of the article Fig. 1 was published incorrectly. The correct figure is given below. The original article has been corrected.
August 4, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30076459/determinants-of-successful-lifestyle-change-during-a-6-month-preconception-lifestyle-intervention-in-women-with-obesity-and-infertility
#16
Matty D A Karsten, Anne M van Oers, Henk Groen, Meike A Q Mutsaerts, Mireille N M van Poppel, Anouk Geelen, Cornelieke van de Beek, Rebecca C Painter, Ben W J Mol, Tessa J Roseboom, Annemieke Hoek
PURPOSE: To identify demographic, (bio)physical, behavioral, and psychological determinants of successful lifestyle change and program completion by performing a secondary analysis of the intervention arm of a randomized-controlled trial, investigating a preconception lifestyle intervention. METHODS: The 6-month lifestyle intervention consisted of dietary counseling, physical activity, and behavioral modification, and was aimed at 5-10% weight loss. We operationalized successful lifestyle change as successful weight loss (≥ 5% weight/BMI ≤ 29 kg/m2 ), weight loss in kilograms, a reduction in energy intake, and an increase in physical activity during the intervention program...
August 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30076458/an-open-label-randomized-placebo-controlled-study-on-the-effectiveness-of-a-novel-probiotics-administration-protocol-probiotickd-in-patients-with-mild-renal-insufficiency-stage-3a-of-ckd
#17
Mariadelina Simeoni, Maria Lucia Citraro, Francesca Deodato, Michele Provenzano, Maria Capria, Alessandro Comi, Emanuela Libri, Michele Andreucci, Arturo Puja, Ludovico Abenavoli, Massimo Cocchi, Giorgio Fuiano
PURPOSE: Gut dysbiosis has been described in advanced, but not in initial stages of CKD. Considering the relevant impact of gut dysbiosis on renal and cardiovascular risk, its diagnosis and treatment are clinically relevant. METHODS: We designed, open-label, placebo-controlled intervention study (ProbiotiCKD) to evaluate gut microbiota metabolism in a cohort of KDIGO CKD patients (n = 28) at baseline and after a randomly assigned treatment with probiotics or placebo...
August 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30069618/effects-of-processed-red-meat-consumption-on-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-diseases-among-korean-adults-the-korean-genome-and-epidemiology-study
#18
Jakyung Son, Yujin Lee, Kyong Park
PURPOSE: Few studies have evaluated the effects of processed red meat (PRM) consumption on chronic disease risk, especially among low average PRM consumption populations. This study examined association between PRM intake and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidences in Korea. METHODS: Participants (n = 10,030; aged 40-69 years) were recruited from the Ansan-Ansung cohort study, a subset of Korean Genome Epidemiology Study...
August 1, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30069617/chronic-refined-low-fat-diet-consumption-reduces-cholecystokinin-satiation-in-rats
#19
Mathilde Guerville, M Kristina Hamilton, Charlotte C Ronveaux, Sandrine Ellero-Simatos, Helen E Raybould, Gaëlle Boudry
PURPOSE: Reduced ability of cholecystokinin (CCK) to induce satiation contributes to hyperphagia and weight gain in high-fat/high-sucrose (HF/HS) diet-induced obesity, and has been linked to altered gut microbiota. Rodent models of obesity use chow or low-fat (LF) diets as control diets; the latter has been shown to alter gut microbiota and metabolome. We aimed to determine whether LF-diet consumption impacts CCK satiation in rats and if so, whether this is prevented by addition of inulin to LF diet...
August 1, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066178/coffee-consumption-and-mortality-from-all-causes-of-death-cardiovascular-disease-and-cancer-in-an-elderly-spanish-population
#20
L Torres-Collado, M Garcia-de-la-Hera, E M Navarrete-Muñoz, L Notario-Barandiaran, S Gonzalez-Palacios, O Zurriaga, I Melchor, Jesus Vioque
PURPOSE: The effect of coffee consumption on mortality has been scarcely investigated in the elderly. We assessed the association between coffee consumption and mortality from all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer, in an elderly population of Spain. METHODS: We studied 903 individuals (511 women) aged 65 years and older from two population-based studies, the EUREYE-Spain study and the Valencia Nutritional Survey. Coffee consumption and diet were assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire...
July 31, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
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