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European Journal of Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105508/euterpe-oleracea-mart-seed-extract-protects-against-renal-injury-in-diabetic-and-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-role-of-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress
#1
Viviane da Silva Cristino Cordeiro, Graziele Freitas de Bem, Cristiane Aguiar da Costa, Izabelle Barcellos Santos, Lenize Costa Reis Marins de Carvalho, Dayane Teixeira Ognibene, Ana Paula Machado da Rocha, Jorge José de Carvalho, Roberto Soares de Moura, Angela Castro Resende
PURPOSE: Euterpe oleracea Mart. (açaí) seed extract (ASE), through its anti-hypertensive, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, may be useful to treat or prevent human diseases. Several evidences suggest that oxidative stress and inflammation contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy; therefore, we tested the hypothesis that ASE (200 mg/kg(-1)day(-1)) prevents diabetes and hypertension-related oxidative stress and inflammation, attenuating renal injury. METHODS: Male rats with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes (D), and spontaneously hypertensive rats with STZ-induced diabetes (DH) were treated daily with tap water or ASE (D + ASE and DH + ASE, respectively) for 45 days...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105507/worldwide-poly-phenol-intake-assessment-methods-and-identified-gaps
#2
REVIEW
Paula Pinto, Cláudia N Santos
INTRODUCTION: (Poly)phenols (PPs) are plant secondary metabolites widely distributed in dietary sources, and several evidences show that consumption of PP has a positive impact in human health. However, the correct estimation of food intake and the estimation of PP content of foods are essential to associate PPs intake with health effects. PURPOSE: This review aimed to gather information from several studies on PP intake in different countries, compare methods used for both assessment of food intake and PP quantification and highlight existing gaps and future directions...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102435/effects-of-tryptophan-containing-peptides-on-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-activity-and-vessel-tone-ex-vivo-and-in-vivo
#3
Sherif Khedr, Andreas Deussen, Irakli Kopaliani, Birgit Zatschler, Melanie Martin
PURPOSE: Over-activation of the renin-angiotensin axis and worsening of vascular function are critical contributors to the development of hypertension. Therefore, inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), a key factor of the renin-angiotensin axis, is a first line treatment of hypertension. Besides pharmaceutical ACE inhibitors, some natural peptides have been shown to exert ACE-inhibiting properties with antihypertensive effects and potentially beneficial effects on vascular function...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078428/erratum-to-efficacy-and-safety-of-fermented-garlic-extract-on-hepatic-function-in-adults-with-elevated-serum-gamma-glutamyl-transpeptidase-levels-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Ha-Na Kim, Sung-Goo Kang, Yong Kyun Roh, Min-Kyu Choi, Sang-Wook Song
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070639/effects-of-a-diet-rich-in-arabinoxylan-and-resistant-starch-compared-with-a-diet-rich-in-refined-carbohydrates-on-postprandial-metabolism-and-features-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#5
Anne Grethe Schioldan, Søren Gregersen, Stine Hald, Ann Bjørnshave, Mette Bohl, Bolette Hartmann, Jens Juul Holst, Hans Stødkilde-Jørgensen, Kjeld Hermansen
PURPOSE: Low intake of dietary fibre is associated with the development of type 2 diabetes. Dyslipidaemia plays a key role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Knowledge of the impact of dietary fibres on postprandial lipaemia is, however, sparse. This study aimed in subjects with metabolic syndrome to assess the impact on postprandial lipaemia and features of the metabolic syndrome of a healthy carbohydrate diet (HCD) rich in cereal fibre, arabinoxylan and resistant starch compared to a refined-carbohydrate western-style diet (WSD)...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058465/fish-oil-supplementation-attenuates-neuroinflammation-and-alleviates-depressive-like-behavior-in-rats-submitted-to-repeated-lipopolysaccharide
#6
Ruili Dang, Xueyuan Zhou, Mimi Tang, Pengfei Xu, Xiaoxue Gong, Yuanyuan Liu, Hongxiao Jiao, Pei Jiang
PURPOSE: Depression is frequently associated with inflammation, whereas omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) primarily found in fish oil possess anti-inflammatory properties. Although converging studies suggest an antidepressant effect of PUFAs, there is limited evidence directly linking the neuro-immune modulating features of PUFAs to the antidepressant actions. METHODS: Therefore, we assessed the effects of fish oil (FO) supplementation on behavioral changes, inflammatory cytokine expression and oxidative reactions in frontal cortex and hippocampus of rats following repeated peripheral immune challenge by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 2 weeks (500 μg/kg every other day)...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058464/associations-between-high-birth-weight-being-large-for-gestational-age-and-high-blood-pressure-among-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Renata Kuciene, Virginija Dulskiene, Jurate Medzioniene
PURPOSE: Low birth weight and being small for gestational age are associated with increased risk of cardiometabolic diseases. However, the results from the studies examining the associations between high birth weight (HBW), being large for gestational age (LGA), and high blood pressure (HBP) are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between HBW and being LGA alone and in combinations with body mass index (BMI) categories in adolescence and HBP among Lithuanian adolescents aged 12-15 years...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040879/type-of-sweet-flavour-carrier-affects-thyroid-axis-activity-in-male-rats
#8
Pałkowska-Goździk Ewelina, Bigos Anna, Rosołowska-Huszcz Danuta
PURPOSE: Non-nutritive sweeteners are the most widely used food additives worldwide. However, their metabolic outcomes are still a matter of controversy and their effect on the thyroid activity, a key regulator of metabolism, has not been previously studied. Therefore, we aim to determine the influence of the sweet type flavour carrier on selected parameters of thyroid axis activity. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 105) were divided into 3 groups fed ad libitum for three weeks isocaloric diets (3...
December 31, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025694/low-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-irish-toddlers-despite-northerly-latitude-and-a-high-prevalence-of-inadequate-intakes
#9
Carol Ní Chaoimh, Elaine K McCarthy, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Louise C Kenny, Alan D Irvine, Deirdre M Murray, Mairead E Kiely
PURPOSE: While reports of inadequate vitamin D intakes among young children are widespread, data on the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency are inconsistent. We aimed to quantify vitamin D intake and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in children aged 2 years in the prospective Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort Study. METHODS: Serum 25(OH)D was analysed using UPLC-MS/MS in 741 children living in Cork, Ireland (51°N). Two-day weighed food diaries were collected in 467 children, and 294 provided both a blood sample and a food diary...
December 26, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008453/association-of-vdbp-and-cyp2r1-gene-polymorphisms-with-vitamin-d-status-in-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-a-north-indian-study
#10
Deepa Haldar, Nitin Agrawal, Seema Patel, Pankaj Ramrao Kambale, Kanchan Arora, Aditi Sharma, Manish Tripathi, Aruna Batra, Bhaskar C Kabi
PURPOSE: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine abnormality among women of reproductive age and is usually associated with oligo-ovulation/anovulation, obesity, and insulin resistance. Hypovitaminosis D may also be a primary factor in the initiation and development of PCOS. However, little is known about the role of genetic variation in vitamin D metabolism in PCOS aetiology. Therefore, we studied the genetic polymorphisms of CYP2R1 and vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) in an Indian population...
December 23, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070638/red-and-processed-meat-consumption-and-risk-of-bladder-cancer-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-epidemiological-studies
#11
Alessio Crippa, Susanna C Larsson, Andrea Discacciati, Alicja Wolk, Nicola Orsini
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Several epidemiological studies have analyzed the associations between red and processed meat and bladder cancer risk but the shape and strength of the associations are still unclear. Therefore, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to quantify the potential association between red and processed meat and bladder cancer risk. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified by searching the PubMed database through January 2016 and reviewing the reference lists of the retrieved articles...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004272/rice-bran-protein-hydrolysates-attenuate-diabetic-nephropathy-in-diabetic-animal-model
#12
Kampeebhorn Boonloh, Eun Soo Lee, Hong Min Kim, Mi Hye Kwon, You Mi Kim, Patchareewan Pannangpetch, Bunkerd Kongyingyoes, Upa Kukongviriyapan, Supawan Thawornchinsombut, Eun Young Lee, Veerapol Kukongviriyapan, Choon Hee Chung
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is an important microvascular complication of uncontrolled diabetes. The features of DN include albuminuria, extracellular matrix alterations, and progressive renal insufficiency. Rice bran protein hydrolysates (RBPs) have been reported to have antihyperglycemic, lipid-lowering, and anti-inflammatory effects in diabetic rats. Our study was to investigate the renoprotective effects of RBP in diabetic animals and mesangial cultured cells. METHODS: Eight-week-old male db/m and db/db mice were orally treated with tap water or RBP (100 or 500 mg/kg/day) for 8 weeks...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004271/maternal-vitamin-d-deficiency-during-pregnancy-affects-expression-of-adipogenic-regulating-genes-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-gamma-ppar%C3%AE-and-vitamin-d-receptor-vdr-in-lean-male-mice-offspring
#13
Anthony M Belenchia, Karen L Jones, Matthew Will, David Q Beversdorf, Victoria Vieira-Potter, Cheryl S Rosenfeld, Catherine A Peterson
PURPOSE: Maternal vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy is a widespread issue that may have long-lasting consequences on offspring adiposity. We sought to determine how maternal vitamin D deficiency during the perinatal period would affect offspring adipose tissue development and gene expression. METHODS: Female C57BL/6 J mice were fed either a vitamin D deficient (VDD) or control diet from 4 weeks before pregnancy (periconception) until 7 days postparturition...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004270/determinants-of-folate-and-vitamin-b12-plasma-levels-in-the-french-e3n-epic-cohort
#14
Jordi de Batlle, Marco Matejcic, Veronique Chajes, Hortensia Moreno-Macias, Amina Amadou, Nadia Slimani, David G Cox, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Guy Fagherazzi, Isabelle Romieu
PURPOSE: Impaired B vitamin status has been identified as a risk factor for major chronic diseases. This study aims at examining the determinants of plasma folate and vitamin B12 concentrations, considering lifestyle factors and MTHFR polymorphisms. METHODS: A total of 988 women aged 40-65 years from the French E3N cohort were investigated. Intakes of folate and vitamin B12 were assessed using food frequency questionnaires, and plasma concentrations were measured by microbiological assay...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004269/erratum-to-foods-contributing-to-vitamin-b6-folate-and-vitamin-b12-intakes-and-biomarkers-status-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#15
Iris Iglesia, Theodora Mouratidou, Marcela González-Gross, Inge Huybrechts, Christina Breidenassel, Javier Santabárbara, Ligia-Esperanza Díaz, Lena Hällström, Stefaan De Henauw, Frédéric Gottrand, Anthony Kafatos, Kurt Widhalm, Yannis Manios, Denes Molnar, Peter Stehle, Luis A Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004268/dietary-intake-and-major-food-sources-of-polyphenols-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-the-tosca-it-study
#16
M Vitale, M Masulli, A A Rivellese, E Bonora, F Cappellini, A Nicolucci, S Squatrito, D Antenucci, A Barrea, C Bianchi, F Bianchini, L Fontana, P Fornengo, F Giorgino, A Gnasso, E Mannucci, A Mazzotti, R Nappo, A P Palena, P Pata, G Perriello, S Potenziani, R Radin, L Ricci, F Romeo, C Santini, M Scarponi, R Serra, A Timi, A A Turco, M Vedovato, D Zavaroni, S Grioni, G Riccardi, O Vaccaro
PURPOSE: Proper evaluation of polyphenols intake at the population level is a necessary step in order to establish possible associations with health outcomes. Available data are limited, and so far no study has been performed in people with diabetes. The aim of this work was to document the intake of polyphenols and their major food sources in a cohort of people with type 2 diabetes and in socio-demographic subgroups. METHODS: We studied 2573 men and women aged 50-75 years...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999932/association-of-famine-exposure-during-early-life-with-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-adulthood-a-meta-analysis
#17
Li Liu, Weijing Wang, Jianping Sun, Zengchang Pang
PURPOSE: The association between famine exposure (defined as lengthy and continuous deprivation of food) during early life and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in adulthood remains controversial. A meta-analysis was performed to better clarify the relation of famine exposure to later T2DM risk. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and China National Knowledge Infrastructure for relevant available articles. The articles were limited to those in English or Chinese from January 1990 to June 2016...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995316/absolute-versus-relative-measures-of-plasma-fatty-acids-and-health-outcomes-example-of-phospholipid-omega-3-and-omega-6-fatty-acids-and-all-cause-mortality-in-women
#18
Kyoko Miura, Maria Celia B Hughes, Jacobus P J Ungerer, David D Smith, Adèle C Green
PURPOSE: In a well-characterised community-based prospective study, we aimed to systematically assess the differences in associations of plasma omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid (FA) status with all-cause mortality when plasma FA status is expressed in absolute concentrations versus relative levels. METHODS: In a community sample of 564 women aged 25-75 years in Queensland, Australia, baseline plasma phospholipid FA levels were measured using gas chromatography. Specific FAs analysed were eicosapentaenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, total long-chain omega-3 FAs, linoleic acid, arachidonic acid, and total omega-6 FAs...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988847/calcium-and-vitamin-d3-combinations-improve-fatty-liver-disease-through-ampk-independent-mechanisms
#19
Sara Shojaei Zarghani, Hamid Soraya, Mohammad Alizadeh
PURPOSE: Some research findings suggest that calcium plus vitamin D (VitD) might have a preventive effect on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease development. Moreover, contradictory evidence also exists regarding calcium and VitD deficient diets. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of four different dietary calcium and VitD3 (cholecalciferol) levels on the development of high-fat, high-fructose (HFHFr) diet-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation...
December 17, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942846/concurrent-iron-and-zinc-deficiencies-in-lactating-mothers-and-their-children-6-23%C3%A2-months-of-age-in-two-agro-ecological-zones-of-rural-ethiopia
#20
Kedir Teji Roba, Thomas P O'Connor, Tefera Belachew, Nora M O'Brien
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine the co-occurrences of low serum ferritin and zinc and anaemia among mothers and their children in two agro-ecological zones of rural Ethiopia. METHODS: Data were collected from 162 lactating mothers and their breast fed children aged 6-23 months. The data were collected via a structured interview, anthropometric measurements, and blood tests for zinc, ferritin and anaemia. Correlation, Chi-square and multivariable analysis were used to determine the association between nutritional status of mothers and children, and agro-ecological zones...
December 9, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
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