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European Journal of Nutrition

Nelson Andrade, Sara Andrade, Claúdia Silva, Ilda Rodrigues, Luísa Guardão, João T Guimarães, Elisa Keating, Fátima Martel
PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a major public health issue worldwide and fructose consumption has been associated with MS development. Recently, we showed that the dietary polyphenol chrysin is an effective inhibitor of fructose uptake by human intestinal epithelial cells. Therefore, our aim was to investigate if chrysin interferes with the development of MS induced by fructose in an animal model. METHODS: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (220-310 g) were randomly divided into four groups: (A) tap water (control), (B) tap water and a daily dose of chrysin (100 mg/kg) by oral administration (chrysin) (C) 10% fructose in tap water (fructose), and (D) 10% fructose in tap water and a daily dose of chrysin (100 mg/kg) by oral administration (fructose + chrysin)...
January 10, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Guo-Chong Chen, Yan Wang, Xing Tong, Ignatius M Y Szeto, Gerrit Smit, Zeng-Ning Li, Li-Qiang Qin
In the original publication, the funding and conflict of interest statements were not correct.
January 7, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Kyoko Fujihira, Yuka Hamada, Takuma Yanaoka, Ryo Yamamoto, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Masashi Miyashita
PURPOSE: Although immediate pre-meal water ingestion has been shown to reduce energy intake in healthy young men, no studies are available regarding potential mechanisms underlying the effect of energy intake in response to different temperatures of pre-meal water ingestion. This study examined the effects of consuming different temperatures of water on gastric motility and energy intake in healthy young men. METHODS: Eleven young men were completed three, 1-day trials in a random order...
January 7, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Stavros A Kavouras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Elham M Hossny, Dalia H El-Ghoneimy, Rasha H El-Owaidy, Mohamed G Mansour, Mohammad T Hamza, Amira F El-Said
PURPOSE: Interleukin-7 (IL-7) is known to be important for lymphocyte development. We sought to investigate the maternal breast milk IL-7 expression to explore its impact on thymus development in infants. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study on three groups of healthy infants classified into exclusively breast-fed (n = 19), formula-fed (n = 17) and mixed-fed (n = 19) infants. They were investigated at 2, 4 and 6 months of age for thymic indices by ultrasonography, T lymphocyte subsets enumeration by flowcytometry and breast milk IL-7 levels...
January 3, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Rohit Sharma, Madhu Kumari, Amita Kumari, Anamika Sharma, Ashu Gulati, Mahesh Gupta, Yogendra Padwad
PURPOSE: In the present study, we systematically identified and evaluated a synbiotic combination of phytochemical epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and probiotic bacteria in amelioration of immunosenescence and oxidative stress in aged mice. METHODS: Inhibitory effects of EGCG against different bacterial species were evaluated in vitro, followed by analysis to identify potential combination of EGCG and probiotic bacteria against alleviation of oxidative and inflammatory stress ex vivo...
January 3, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Caroline Bertoncini Silva, Priscila Giacomo Fassini, Leandra Náira Zambelli Ramalho, Edemilson Cardoso da Conceição, Aline José Coelho Moreira Zordan, Daniela Carlos, Vivian Marques Miguel Suen
PURPOSE: This experimental study investigated the effects of curcuma supplementation on weight gain, Body Adiposity Index, glucose and lipid profile, and liver and pancreas histology in C57BL/6 mice fed with a high-fat diet. METHODS: 40 animals were separated into four groups: standard diet (SD), standard diet plus curcuma (SD + C), high-fat diet (HFD), and high-fat diet plus curcuma (HFD + C). Curcuma dose was 8 mg/animal/day. Histological and biochemical analyses were performed at the end of the experimental period...
January 2, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Pedro L Valenzuela, Javier S Morales, Enzo Emanuele, Helios Pareja-Galeano, Alejandro Lucia
PURPOSE: Several supplements are purported to promote muscle hypertrophy and strength gains in healthy subjects, or to prevent muscle wasting in atrophying situations (e.g., ageing or disuse periods). However, their effectiveness remains unclear. METHODS: This review summarizes the available evidence on the beneficial impacts of several popular supplements on muscle mass or strength. RESULTS: Among the supplements tested, nitrate and caffeine returned sufficient evidence supporting their acute beneficial effects on muscle strength, whereas the long-term consumption of creatine, protein and polyunsaturated fatty acids seems to consistently increase or preserve muscle mass and strength (evidence level A)...
January 2, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Mehdi Mollahosseini, Mohammad Hossein Rahimi, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Zhila Maghbooli, Khadijeh Mirzaei
PURPOSE: Gene-dietary patterns may contribute to determining body composition and related biochemical indices. The aim of this study was to evaluate interactions between rs1333048 polymorphism and major dietary patterns on body fat percentage, general and central obesity, and related biochemical measurements. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 265 healthy Tehrani adults with mean age of 35 years (47.5% men, 52.5% women). Dietary patterns (DPs) were extracted by factor analysis...
January 2, 2019: European Journal of Nutrition
Paulo A R Neves, Marcia C Castro, Clariana V R Oliveira, Maira B Malta, Bárbara H Lourenço, Marly A Cardoso
PURPOSE: Inadequate Vitamin A (VA) status during pregnancy has been associated with maternal anemia and suboptimal newborn birth weight (BW). We assessed the effect of gestational serum retinol and β-carotene (µmol/L), in different moments during pregnancy, on maternal hemoglobin (Hb, g/L) and anemia (Hb < 110.0 g/L) at delivery, and newborn BW (kg). METHODS: In a prospective cohort study in Cruzeiro do Sul, Western Brazilian Amazon, biomarkers of the VA status were assessed in the second and third trimesters in pregnancy...
December 17, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Bryan Saunders, Mariana Franchi, Luana Farias de Oliveira, Vinicius da Eira Silva, Rafael Pires da Silva, Vitor de Salles Painelli, Luiz Augusto Riani Costa, Craig Sale, Roger Charles Harris, Hamilton Roschel, Guilherme Giannini Artioli, Bruno Gualano
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of chronic beta-alanine (BA) supplementation on muscle taurine content, blood clinical markers and sensory side-effects. METHODS: Twenty-five healthy male participants (age 27 ± 4 years, height 1.75 ± 0.09 m, body mass 78.9 ± 11.7 kg) were supplemented with 6.4 g day-1 of sustained-release BA (N = 16; CarnoSyn™, NAI, USA) or placebo (PL; N = 9; maltodextrin) for 24 weeks. Resting muscle biopsies of the m...
December 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Kunfang Gu, Wenzhi Xiang, Yue Zhang, Ke Sun, Xiubo Jiang
PURPOSE: The association between serum zinc level and overweight/obesity remains controversial. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis to summarize the relationships. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science and Embase for relevant English articles up to April 20, 2018. The pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated with the random-effect model. RESULTS: For children and adults, the results showed that serum zinc level was significantly lower in the cases compared to controls ([SMD (95% CI): - 1...
December 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Lynne Bell, Claire M Williams
PURPOSE: Haskap (Lonicera caerulea L. or blue honeysuckle) is a plant native to the low-lying wet areas and mountains of Siberia and northeastern Asia, but is now cultivated in Canada. The dark blue berries are rich in anthocyanins, particularly cyanidin-3-O-glucoside. Previously, anthocyanin-rich fruits have been observed to benefit cognitive performance during the immediate postprandial period following a single acute dose. However, no study has currently examined the potential for haskap berries to influence cognitive performance...
December 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Jowy Y H Seah, Woon-Puay Koh, Jian-Min Yuan, Rob M van Dam
PURPOSE: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing in Asian populations. White rice is a common staple food in these populations and results from several studies suggest that high white rice consumption increases T2D risk. We assessed whether rice, noodles and bread intake was associated with T2D risk in an ethnic Chinese population. METHODS: We included data from 45,411 male and female Chinese participants of the Singapore Chinese Health Study cohort aged 45-74 years at baseline...
December 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Raul Zamora-Ros, Muath A Alghamdi, Valerie Cayssials, Silvia Franceschi, Martin Almquist, Joakim Hennings, Maria Sandström, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Elisabete Weiderpass, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Bodil Hammer Bech, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland, Kristina E N Petersen, Francesca Romana Mancini, Yahya Mahamat-Saleh, Fabrice Bonnet, Tilman Kühn, Renée T Fortner, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Christina Bamia, Georgia Martimianaki, Giovanna Masala, Sara Grioni, Salvatore Panico, Rosario Tumino, Francesca Fasanelli, Guri Skeie, Tonje Braaten, Cristina Lasheras, Elena Salamanca-Fernández, Pilar Amiano, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, Aurelio Barricarte, Jonas Manjer, Peter Wallström, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Kay-Thee Khaw, Nicholas J Wareham, Julie A Schmidt, Dagfinn Aune, Graham Byrnes, Augustin Scalbert, Antonio Agudo, Sabina Rinaldi
PURPOSE: Coffee and tea constituents have shown several anti-carcinogenic activities in cellular and animal studies, including against thyroid cancer (TC). However, epidemiological evidence is still limited and inconsistent. Therefore, we aimed to investigate this association in a large prospective study. METHODS: The study was conducted in the EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) cohort, which included 476,108 adult men and women...
December 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Hao Zhang, Yue Li, Yueping Chen, Lili Zhang, Tian Wang
PURPOSE: Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is detrimental to the intestinal development of neonates, yet satisfactory treatment strategies remain limited. This study was, therefore, conducted using neonatal piglets as a model to investigate the potential of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) to alleviate intestinal damage caused by IUGR. METHODS: Seven normal birth weight (NBW) and fourteen IUGR neonatal male piglets were selected and then fed a basal milk diet (NBW-CON and IUGR-CON groups) or a basal milk diet supplemented with 1...
December 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
R Swart, A E Schutte, J M van Rooyen, Catharina M C Mels
PURPOSE: Despite selenium's beneficial effects in counteracting oxidative stress, inflammation, and vascular endothelial dysfunction, controversial results exist regarding the long-term associations between selenium and atherosclerosis, arterial stiffness, and hypertension. We investigated in normal and selenium-deficient groups (and the total group), whether serum selenium relates to measures of large artery structure and function over 10 years. METHODS: This longitudinal study included black adults from rural and urban areas in South Africa...
December 6, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Mayu Uemura, Fumikazu Hayashi, Ken Ishioka, Kunio Ihara, Kazushi Yasuda, Kanako Okazaki, Junichi Omata, Tatsuo Suzutani, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Chifa Chiang, Atsuko Aoyama, Tetsuya Ohira
PURPOSE: Gut microbiota composition was supposedly related to obesity and psychological factors. We examined the effects of a nutritional education intervention focusing on gut microbiota composition on obesity and psychological factors among obese women. METHODS: Forty-four obese Japanese women aged 40 or older were randomly assigned to either an intervention group (n = 22) or control group (n = 22). The intervention consisted of a 20-min dietary lecture and a 10-min counselling session by registered dieticians, every 2 weeks for eight consecutive weeks...
December 6, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
D S M Ten Haaf, M G J Balvers, S Timmers, T M H Eijsvogels, M T E Hopman, J M T Klein Gunnewiek
PURPOSE: Vitamin D deficiencies are common in elderly, which increases the risk for, e.g., bone fractures. Identification of determinants of vitamin D status may provide leads for specific deficiency prevention strategies. Although determinants of vitamin D status have been studied in various populations, this has not been examined in elderly that have a physically active lifestyle. METHODS: Vitamin D status of 450 physically active elderly who do not use vitamin D supplements was determined and information on possible determinants (demographic, dietary intake and physical activity) was collected around a prolonged four day walking event in July and analyzed in linear regression models...
December 6, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
SuJin Song, YoonJu Song
PURPOSE: Although a high-carbohydrate diet typically shows low-fat intake, the prevalence of metabolic abnormalities in Asian countries has increased. We evaluated three types of a high-carbohydrate diet and its association with cardiometabolic risk factors in the Korean adult population. METHODS: A total of 14,438 adults (5813 men and 8625 women) who participated in the 2008-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were selected. Dietary data were obtained by a single 24-h recall method...
December 5, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
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