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European Journal of Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634625/serum-antioxidant-capacity-biochemical-profile-and-body-composition-of-breast-cancer-survivors-in-a-randomized-mediterranean-dietary-intervention-study
#1
Maria Skouroliakou, D Grosomanidis, P Massara, C Kostara, P Papandreou, D Ntountaniotis, G Xepapadakis
PURPOSE: Increasing evidence suggests that Mediterranean Diet (MD) is correlated with reduced risk of breast cancer (BC) and cancer mortality, since it modifies patients' serum antioxidant capacity, body composition and biochemical parameters. The aim of the study was to investigate whether a dietary intervention based on MD has a beneficial effect on these factors. METHODS: In this intervention study, seventy female BC survivors were randomly assigned to (1) the intervention group (personalized dietary intervention based on MD) and (2) the control group (received the updated American Cancer Society Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity for Cancer Prevention and ad libitum diet)...
June 20, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616763/associations-between-fruit-and-vegetable-variety-and-low-grade-inflammation-in-portuguese-adolescents-from-labmed-physical-activity-study
#2
Juliana Almeida-de-Souza, Rute Santos, Luis Lopes, Sandra Abreu, Carla Moreira, Patrícia Padrão, Jorge Mota, Pedro Moreira
PURPOSE: The dietary guidelines for the consumption of a variety of fruits and vegetables have been recognized as an important factor for achieving healthy eating patterns to reduce the risk of chronic disease throughout the lifespan. Our aim is to assess the association between fruit and vegetable variety and low-grade inflammation in adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis was conducted with 412 adolescents (ages 14.4 ± 1.7 years; 52% girls). The consumption of a variety of fruits and vegetables was assessed with a food-frequency questionnaire, considering the number of individual/category of fruit or vegetable intake at least once month, and categorized into tertiles...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612113/gluten-and-casein-free-diet-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-children-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Anna Piwowarczyk, Andrea Horvath, Jan Łukasik, Ewa Pisula, Hania Szajewska
PURPOSE: Effective treatments for core symptoms of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are lacking. We systematically updated evidence on the effectiveness of a gluten-free and casein-free (GFCF) diet as a treatment for ASD in children. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases were searched up until August 2016, for randomized controlled trials (RCTs); additional references were obtained from reviewed articles. RESULTS: Six RCTs (214 participants) were included...
June 13, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608321/a-comparison-of-principal-component-analysis-partial-least-squares-and-reduced-rank-regressions-in-the-identification-of-dietary-patterns-associated-with-bone-mass-in-ageing-australians
#4
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Tiffany K Gill, Anne W Taylor, Robert Adams, Zumin Shi
PURPOSE: The relative advantages of dietary analysis methods, particularly in identifying dietary patterns associated with bone mass, have not been investigated. We evaluated principal component analysis (PCA), partial least-squares (PLS) and reduced-rank regressions (RRR) in determining dietary patterns associated with bone mass. METHODS: Data from 1182 study participants (45.9% males; aged 50 years and above) from the North West Adelaide Health Study (NWAHS) were used...
June 12, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608320/chronic-treatment-with-prebiotics-probiotics-and-synbiotics-attenuated-cardiac-dysfunction-by-improving-cardiac-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-male-obese-insulin-resistant-rats
#5
Wannipa Tunapong, Nattayaporn Apaijai, Sakawdaurn Yasom, Pongpan Tanajak, Keerati Wanchai, Titikorn Chunchai, Sasiwan Kerdphoo, Sathima Eaimworawuthikul, Parameth Thiennimitr, Anchalee Pongchaidecha, Anusorn Lungkaphin, Wasana Pratchayasakul, Siriporn C Chattipakorn, Nipon Chattipakorn
PURPOSE: In metabolic syndrome, the composition of gut microbiota has been disrupted, and is associated with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Several types of prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics have been shown to exert cardioprotection by restoring gut microbiota from dysbiosis and reducing systemic inflammation. However, the effects of prebiotics such as xylooligosaccharides (XOS); probiotics such as Lactobacillus paracasei STII01 HP4, and synbiotics on metabolic and LV function in obese insulin-resistant rats have not been investigated...
June 12, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608319/amelioration-of-obesity-related-characteristics-by-a-probiotic-formulation-in-a-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rat-model
#6
Joo-Hyun Shin, Myung Hee Nam, Hyerim Lee, Joong-Su Lee, Hojun Kim, Myung-Jun Chung, Jae-Gu Seo
PURPOSE: Obesity is a major public health concern. Despite its multi-factorial etiology, alterations in intestinal microbiota and the immune system are frequently observed. We investigated the effect of Duolac Gold (DG), a probiotic formulation containing 2 Lactobacillus strains (L. acidophilus LA1 and L. rharmnosus LR5), 3 Bifidobacterium (B. bifidum BF3, B. lactis BL3, and B. longum BG7), and Streptococcus thermophilus ST3, on morphometric and metabolic parameters, intestinal microbiota, and intestinal immune responses in a high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese rat model...
June 12, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584895/effect-of-olive-cultivar-on-bioaccessibility-and-antioxidant-activity-of-phenolic-fraction-of-virgin-olive-oil
#7
Angélica Quintero-Flórez, Gema Pereira-Caro, Cristina Sánchez-Quezada, José Manuel Moreno-Rojas, José J Gaforio, Antonio Jimenez, Gabriel Beltrán
AIM: This study aims to characterize the phenolic profile and antioxidant capacity of seven monovarietal virgin olive oils (VOOs) and evaluate their in vitro gastrointestinal stability. METHODS: 'Picual', 'Blanqueta', 'Sevillana', 'Habichuelero', and 'Chetoui' olive cultivars were selected for VOO extraction. The oils were subjected to in vitro digestion. The recovery index (RI) of phenolic compounds after each digestion step and the bioaccessibility index (BI) were evaluated...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578535/effect-of-increased-water-intake-on-plasma-copeptin-in-healthy-adults
#8
Guillaume Lemetais, Olle Melander, Mariacristina Vecchio, Jeanne H Bottin, Sofia Enhörning, Erica T Perrier
PURPOSE: Inter-individual variation in median plasma copeptin is associated with incident type 2 diabetes mellitus, progression of chronic kidney disease, and cardiovascular events. In this study, we examined whether 24-h urine osmolality was associated with plasma copeptin and whether increasing daily water intake could impact circulating plasma copeptin. METHODS: This trial was a prospective study conducted at a single investigating center. Eighty-two healthy adults (age 23...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577150/yogurt-consumption-body-composition-and-metabolic-health-in-the-qu%C3%A3-bec-family-study
#9
Shirin Panahi, Caroline Y Doyon, Jean-Pierre Després, Louis Pérusse, Marie-Claude Vohl, Vicky Drapeau, Angelo Tremblay
PURPOSE: The aim was to compare the anthropometric and metabolic profiles and lifestyle behaviours of yogurt consumers and non-consumers and to determine if the observed differences persisted after adjustment for diet quality and related variables. METHODS: Using cross-sectional and follow-up data from the Québec Family Study, men and women were classified into yogurt consumers (n = 269; 96 men and 173 women) and non-consumers (n = 570; 279 men and 291 women), and their anthropometric measurements, metabolic profiles, and lifestyle factors were compared...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573457/oxidative-damage-of-mitochondrial-respiratory-chain-in-different-organs-of-a-rat-model-of-diet-induced-obesity
#10
Hai-Tao Yu, Xiao-Yi Fu, Bing Liang, Shuang Wang, Jian-Kang Liu, Shu-Ran Wang, Zhi-Hui Feng
PURPOSE: Mitochondrial dysfunction plays an important role in the development of obesity and obesity-associated metabolic diseases. METHODS: In this study, we dynamically observed the characteristics of mitochondrial damage in a rat model of diet-induced obesity (DIO). From the 2nd to the 10th week, animals were killed every 2 weeks and the heart, liver, kidney, and testicular tissues were harvested. Mitochondria were isolated and the activities of respiratory chain complexes I, II, III, and IV as well as the 8-Hydroxy-2-deoxy Guanosine content were determined...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567576/effect-of-a-trans-fatty-acid-enriched-diet-on-mitochondrial-inflammatory-and-oxidative-stress-parameters-in-the-cortex-and-hippocampus-of-wistar-rats
#11
Rafael Longhi, Roberto Farina Almeida, Leticia Ferreira Pettenuzzo, Débora Guerini Souza, Letiane Machado, André Quincozes-Santos, Diogo Onofre Souza
PURPOSE: Previously showed that dietary trans fatty acids (TFAs) may cause systemic inflammation and affect the central nervous system (CNS) in Wistar rats by increased levels of cytokines in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum (Longhi et al. Eur J Nutr 56(3):1003-1016, 1). Here, we aimed to clarifying the impact of diets with different TFA concentrations on cerebral tissue, focusing on hippocampus and cortex and behavioral performance. METHODS: Wistar rats were fed either a normolipidic or a hyperlipidic diet for 90 days; diets had the same ingredients except for fat compositions, concentrations, and calories...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560503/effect-of-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-by-dietary-intervention-on-nutritional-biomarkers-and-attitudes-to-dietary-change-a-randomised-trial
#12
Susan J Duthie, Garry G Duthie, Wendy R Russell, Janet A M Kyle, Jennie I Macdiarmid, Vanessa Rungapamestry, Sylvia Stephen, Cristina Megias-Baeza, Joanna J Kaniewska, Lindsey Shaw, Lesley Milne, David Bremner, Karen Ross, Philip Morrice, Lynn P Pirie, Graham Horgan, Charles S Bestwick
PURPOSE: Low fruit and vegetable consumption is linked with an increased risk of death from vascular disease and cancer. The benefit of eating fruits and vegetables is attributed in part to antioxidants, vitamins and phytochemicals. Whether increasing intake impacts on markers of disease remains to be established. This study investigates whether increasing daily intake of fruits, vegetables and juices from low (approx. 3 portions), to high intakes (approx. 8 portions) impacts on nutritional and clinical biomarkers...
May 30, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555380/anti-gliadin-antibodies-in-breast-milk-from-celiac-mothers-on-a-gluten-free-diet
#13
María Roca, Sabine Lisa Vriezinga, Paula Crespo-Escobar, Renata Auricchio, David Hervás, Gemma Castillejo, Maria Carmen Mena, Isabel Polanco, Riccardo Troncone, Maria Luisa Mearin, Carmen Ribes-Koninckx
PURPOSE: To analyze the presence of total IgA and anti-gliadin antibodies (AGA) in BM from CD mothers who follow a gluten-free diet (GFD) and from mothers on a normal gluten-containing diet (ND). METHODS: 218 samples of mature milk were obtained at different months of lactation (1-6) from 83 mothers (2 or more samples per mother) from Italy (Naples), The Netherlands (Leiden) and Spain (Madrid, Valencia and Reus): 42 CD mothers on GFD for more than 2 years and 41 non-CD mothers on a ND...
May 29, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540526/high-fat-diet-inhibits-pgc-1%C3%AE-suppressive-effect-on-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-in-hepatocytes
#14
Wermerson Assunção Barroso, Vanessa Jacob Victorino, Isabela Casagrande Jeremias, Ricardo Costa Petroni, Suely Kunimi Kubo Ariga, Thiago A Salles, Denise Frediani Barbeiro, Thais Martins de Lima, Heraldo Possolo de Souza
PURPOSE: The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1 alpha (PGC-1α) regulates the expression of genes implicated in fatty acid oxidation and oxidative phosphorylation. Its role in liver steatosis is well established, since mice with liver-specific deletion of PGC-1α exhibit lipid accumulation and high-fat diet reduces hepatic PGC-1α expression in mice. In this study, we investigated the role of PGC-1α in the inflammatory changes observed in steatohepatitis induced by high-fat diet...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536743/high-protein-intake-along-with-paternal-part-time-employment-is-associated-with-higher-body-fat-mass-among-girls-from-south-china
#15
Ming-Zhe Yang, Hong-Mei Xue, Jay Pan, Lars Libuda, Rebecca Muckelbauer, Min Yang, Liming Quan, Guo Cheng
PURPOSE: Protein intake has been suggested to be associated with body composition among western children. Our aim was to determine whether protein intake is associated with body composition among Chinese children and to investigate whether parental socioeconomic status modifies these associations. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from the baseline survey of an ongoing population-based prospective open cohort study conducted in 2013. In this survey, 2039 children in South China were recruited using cluster random sampling...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534168/father-s-obesity-programs-the-adipose-tissue-in-the-offspring-via-the-local-renin-angiotensin-system-and-mapks-pathways-especially-in-adult-male-mice
#16
Fernanda Ornellas, Isabele Bringhenti, Brenda Akemi N F Mattos, Carlos Alberto Mandarim-de-Lacerda, Marcia Barbosa Aguila
PURPOSE: Studies demonstrated the influence of mother's obesity on offspring. However, the father is also related to programming the future generation. The study aimed to evaluate the effects of father's obesity upon white adipose tissue (WAT) remodeling, resulting in activation of signaling pathways and inflammation in male and female offspring. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice received control diet (lean father group; 17% energy from lipids) or high-fat diet (obese father group; 49% energy from lipids) for 8 weeks before mating...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526925/polyphenolic-extract-attenuates-fatty-acid-induced-steatosis-and-oxidative-stress-in-hepatic-and-endothelial-cells
#17
Laura Vergani, Giulia Vecchione, Francesca Baldini, Elena Grasselli, Adriana Voci, Piero Portincasa, Pier Francesco Ferrari, Bahar Aliakbarian, Alessandro A Casazza, Patrizia Perego
PURPOSE: Phenolic compounds (PC) of virgin olive oil exert several biochemical and pharmacological beneficial effects. Some dietary PC seem to prevent/improve obesity and metabolic-related disorders such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We investigated the possible effects of PC extracted from olive pomace (PEOP) and of the main single molecules present in the extract (tyrosol, apigenin, oleuropein, p-coumaric and caffeic acid) in protecting hepatocytes and endothelial cells against triglyceride accumulation and oxidative stress...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523372/dietary-eicosapentaenoic-acid-normalizes-hippocampal-omega-3-and-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-profile-attenuates-glial-activation-and-regulates-bdnf-function-in-a-rodent-model-of-neuroinflammation-induced-by-central-interleukin-1%C3%AE-administration
#18
Yilong Dong, Min Xu, Allan V Kalueff, Cai Song
PURPOSE: Interleukin (IL)-1β can activate glial cells to trigger neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. Lower omega (n)-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and lower n-3/n-6 PUFA ratios occur in the brain of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have previously reported that an n-3 PUFA, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), can improve memory and attenuate neurodegeneration-like changes in animal models of AD. However, whether and how EPA modulates glial cell activity and functions remains unclear...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516253/comparison-of-the-effects-of-three-different-baccaurea-angulata-whole-fruit-juice-doses-on-plasma-aorta-and-liver-mda-levels-antioxidant-enzymes-and-total-antioxidant-capacity
#19
Muhammad Ibrahim, Maryam Abimbola Mikail, Idris Adewale Ahmed, Norazlanshah Hazali, Mohammad Syaiful Bahari Abdul Rasad, Radiah Abdul Ghani, Ridzwan Hashim, Solachuddin Jahuari Arief, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa, Samsul Draman
PURPOSE: Baccaurea angulata (common names: belimbing dayak or belimbing hutan) is a Malaysian underutilized fruit. The preliminary work on B. angulata fruit juice showed that it possesses antioxidant properties. Therefore, further work is needed to confirm the efficacy and proper dosage of B. angulata as a potential natural antioxidant. The present study was thus carried out to compare the effects of three different B. angulata whole fruit (WF) juice doses administered at nutritional doses of 0...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501922/sepp1-polymorphisms-modulate-serum-glucose-and-lipid-response-to-brazil-nut-supplementation
#20
Janaina L S Donadio, Marcelo M Rogero, Elvira M Guerra-Shinohara, Charles Desmarchelier, Patrick Borel, Silvia M F Cozzolino
PURPOSE: The consumption of Brazil nuts has been associated with benefits to lipid metabolism and reductions in total cholesterol and LDL concentrations. They are the richest natural source of selenium which has essential functions in human physiology. Genetic polymorphisms in Selenoprotein P could impair lipid and glucose metabolisms. The aim of this work was to verify the influence of polymorphisms in genes for selenoproteins on blood lipid levels after dietary supplementation with Brazil nuts in healthy adults...
May 13, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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