journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

European Journal of Nutrition

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913556/high-dose-vitamin-d3-supplementation-decreases-the-number-of-colonic-cd103-dendritic-cells-in-healthy-subjects
#1
Nina Friis Bak, M Bendix, S Hald, L Reinert, M K Magnusson, J Agnholt
PURPOSE: Vitamin D may induce tolerance in the intestinal immune system and has been shown to regulate the phenotype of tolerogenic intestinal dendritic cells (DCs) in vitro. It is unknown whether vitamin D supplementation affects human intestinal DCs in vivo, and we aimed to investigate the tolerability and effect on intestinal CD103(+)DCs of high-dose vitamin D3 treatment in healthy subjects. METHODS: Ten healthy subjects received a total of 480,000 IU oral vitamin D3 over 15 days and colonic biopsies were obtained before and after intervention by endoscopy...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884432/plasma-enterolactone-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer-in-middle-aged-swedish-men
#2
Peter Wallström, Isabel Drake, Emily Sonestedt, Bo Gullberg, Anders Bjartell, Håkan Olsson, Herman Adlercreutz, Matti J Tikkanen, Elisabet Wirfält
PURPOSE: Enterolactone (ENL) is formed in the human gut after consumption of lignans, has estrogenic properties, and has been associated with risk of prostate cancer. We examined the association between plasma ENL levels and prostate cancer in a nested case-control study within the population-based Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort. We also examined the association between plasma ENL and dietary and lifestyle factors. METHODS: The study population consisted of 1010 cases occurring during a mean follow-up of 14...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884360/calcium-and-zinc-decrease-intracellular-iron-by-decreasing-transport-during-iron-repletion-in-an-in-vitro-model
#3
Andrews Mónica, Briones Lautaro, Pizarro Fernando, Arredondo Miguel
PURPOSE: Iron is an essential micronutrient that participates in a number of vital reactions and its absorption may be altered by various nutritional factors such as other micronutrients. Our hypothesis is that iron absorption is decreased because of the interactions with zinc and calcium. We evaluated the interaction between calcium and zinc on iron uptake and transport, intracellular Fe and Zn levels and mRNA expression of DMT1, ferroportin, Zip4 and ZnT1 in an in vitro model. METHODS: Caco-2 cells were cultivated with 1 mM Ca; 10 or 30 µM Zn and/or 10, 20 or 30 µM Fe for 24 h...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884333/supplement-intervention-associated-with-nutritional-deficiencies-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-systematic-review
#4
Yong-Jiang Li, Ya-Min Li, Da-Xiong Xiang
PURPOSE: Nutritional supplements have been used for correction of deficiencies that may occur in patient with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and to improve core symptoms. We aim to provide current best evidence about supplements for nutritional deficiencies and core symptoms in children with ASD and to evaluate the effectiveness and safety. METHODS: A systematic literature search of scientific databases was performed to retrieve relevant randomized controlled trials...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875318/influence-of-gut-microbiota-on-the-development-and-progression-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis
#5
REVIEW
Fabiana de Faria Ghetti, Daiane Gonçalves Oliveira, Juliano Machado de Oliveira, Lincoln Eduardo Villela Vieira de Castro Ferreira, Dionéia Evangelista Cesar, Ana Paula Boroni Moreira
INTRODUCTION: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by the presence of steatosis, inflammation, and ballooning degeneration of hepatocytes, with or without fibrosis. The prevalence of NASH has increased with the obesity epidemic, but its etiology is multifactorial. The current studies suggest the role of gut microbiota in the development and progression of NASH. The aim is to review the studies that investigate the relationship between gut microbiota and NASH. These review also discusses the pathophysiological mechanisms and the influence of diet on the gut-liver axis...
September 5, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871327/micronutrient-intake-adequacy-and-depression-risk-in-the-sun-cohort-study
#6
Almudena Sánchez-Villegas, Aurora Pérez-Cornago, Itziar Zazpe, Susana Santiago, Francisca Lahortiga, Miguel Angel Martínez-González
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to prospectively assess the association between micronutrient intake adequacy and risk of depression. METHODS: This dynamic cohort study involves Spanish university graduates (SUN Project). Dietary intake was assessed at baseline and after 10 years of follow-up with a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Micronutrient intake adequacy for vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, C, A, D, E, folic acid, zinc, iodine, selenium, iron, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium and chrome was estimated...
September 4, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864908/antitumor-activity-and-expression-profiles-of-genes-induced-by-sulforaphane-in-human-melanoma-cells
#7
Paola Arcidiacono, Francesco Ragonese, Anna Stabile, Alessandra Pistilli, Ekaterina Kuligina, Mario Rende, Ugo Bottoni, Stefano Calvieri, Andrea Crisanti, Roberta Spaccapelo
PURPOSE: Human melanoma is a highly aggressive incurable cancer due to intrinsic cellular resistance to apoptosis, reprogramming, proliferation and survival during tumour progression. Sulforaphane (SFN), an isothiocyanate found in cruciferous vegetables, plays a role in carcinogenesis in many cancer types. However, the cytotoxic molecular mechanisms and gene expression profiles promoted by SFN in human melanoma remain unknown. METHODS: Three different cell lines were used: two human melanoma A375 and 501MEL and human epidermal melanocytes (HEMa)...
September 1, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856439/plasma-amino-acids-adiposity-and-weight-change-after-gastric-bypass-surgery-are-amino-acids-associated-with-weight-regain
#8
Susanna E Hanvold, Kathrine J Vinknes, Nasser E Bastani, Cheryl Turner, Elin B Løken, Tom Mala, Helga Refsum, Anne-Marie Aas
PURPOSE: Plasma concentrations of several amino acids (AAs) are positively correlated with obesity. The aim of this study was to examine if selected plasma AAs are associated with weight regain from 2 to 4 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: In a prospective study with 165 patients, we examined the relationship between plasma aromatic AAs (AAAs), branched chain AAs (BCAAs), and total cysteine (tCys) 2 years after RYGB, with BMI at 2 years and with weight change from 2 to 4 years after surgery...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856433/effects-of-orthodox-religious-fasting-on-human-health-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Theocharis Koufakis, Spyridon Ν Karras, Vasiliki Antonopoulou, Eleni Angeloudi, Pantelis Zebekakis, Kalliopi Kotsa
PURPOSE: Different studies have pointed towards a positive effect of religious fasting on human health. Orthodox fasting (OF) regime could be characterized as a periodical vegetarian diet, demonstrating several common characteristics with the typical Mediterranean diet. The present systematic review aimed to synthesize available results regarding the potential impact of OF on human health. METHODS: Key biomedical databases were searched to identify studies examining the effects of OF on humans...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856430/habitual-yoghurt-consumption-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-general-population-study-of-19-596-adults
#10
Bin Yu, Qi Zhu, Ge Meng, Yeqing Gu, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Hongmei Wu, Yang Xia, Xue Bao, Hongbin Shi, Qian Su, Liyun Fang, Fei Yu, Huijun Yang, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Qi Guo, Kun Song, Andrew Steptoe, Kaijun Niu
PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies directly examining the association between habitual yoghurt consumption and mental health remain scarce. The aim of this study is to investigate the association of yoghurt consumption with depressive symptoms in adults. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 19,596 Chinese adults (mean age 41.2, standard deviation 11.8 years; males, 54.3%). Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). Dietary intake was obtained through a valid food frequency questionnaire...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856418/overall-diet-quality-and-risk-of-recurrence-and-progression-of-non-gallstone-related-acute-pancreatitis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Viktor Oskarsson, Omid Sadr-Azodi, Andrea Discacciati, Nicola Orsini, Alicja Wolk
PURPOSE: An incident episode of acute pancreatitis is often followed by recurrent attacks and/or progression to chronic pancreatitis, especially if the etiology is non-gallstone-related. We examined whether overall diet quality influences the natural history of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Three hundred and eighty-six individuals (born 1914-1952) were included in a prospective study, all of whom had an incident diagnosis of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis in the Swedish National Patient Register between 1998 and 2013...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825174/the-effect-of-chlorella-pyrenoidosa-supplementation-on-immune-responses-to-2%C3%A2-days-of-intensified-training
#12
Corinna Chidley, Glen Davison
PURPOSE: Periods of intensified training are associated with immune disturbances, The aim was to investigate the effects of supplementation with Chlorella pyrenoidosa (Chlorella) on secretory IgA (sIgA) responses to 2 days intensified training. METHODS: Twenty-six subjects (age 29.1 ± 8.7 years; VO2max 53.7 ± 11.7 ml kg min(-1)) provided resting saliva samples for determination of sIgA, at baseline (week-0) and following 4, 5, and 6 weeks (weeks-4, -5, -6) of daily supplementation with 6 g/day Chlorella (n = 13) or placebo (PLA, n = 13)...
August 19, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815303/effect-of-barley-supplementation-on-the-fecal-microbiota-caecal-biochemistry-and-key-biomarkers-of-obesity-and-inflammation-in-obese-db-db-mice
#13
Jose F Garcia-Mazcorro, David A Mills, Kevin Murphy, Giuliana Noratto
PURPOSE: Barley is a low-glycemic index grain that can help diabetic and obese patients. The effect of barley intake depends on the host and the associated gut microbiota. This study investigated the effect of barley intake on the fecal microbiota, caecal biochemistry, and key biomarkers of obesity and inflammation. METHODS: Obese db/db mice were fed diets with and without barley during 8 weeks; lean mice were used as lean controls. Fecal microbiota was evaluated using 16S marker gene sequencing in a MiSeq instrument; several markers of caecal biochemistry, obesity, and inflammation were also evaluated using standard techniques...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808791/consumption-of-extra-virgin-olive-oil-improves-body-composition-and-blood-pressure-in-women-with-excess-body-fat-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Flávia Galvão Cândido, Flávia Xavier Valente, Laís Emilia da Silva, Olívia Gonçalves Leão Coelho, Maria do Carmo Gouveia Peluzio, Rita de Cássia Gonçalves Alfenas
PURPOSE: Despite the fact that extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is widely used in obese individuals to treat cardiovascular diseases, the role of EVOO on weight/fat reduction remains unclear. We investigated the effects of energy-restricted diet containing EVOO on body composition and metabolic disruptions related to obesity. METHODS: This is a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial in which 41 adult women with excess body fat (mean ± SD 27...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808770/associations-between-serum-calcium-phosphorus-and-mortality-among-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#15
Qian Chen, Yuan Zhang, Ding Ding, Dan Li, Yunou Yang, Qing Li, Xuechen Chen, Gang Hu, Wenhua Ling
PURPOSE: Serum calcium and phosphorus abnormalities are associated with cardiovascular disorders in general population, but evidence among patients with established coronary heart disease (CHD) is limited and controversial. This study aimed to investigate the associations of baseline serum calcium and phosphorus levels with long-term mortality risk among patients with CHD. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study among 3187 patients with CHD from October 2008 and December 2011 in China...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803365/energy-drinks-and-their-component-modulate-attention-memory-and-antioxidant-defences-in-rats
#16
M T Costa Valle, N S Couto-Pereira, C Lampert, D M Arcego, A P Toniazzo, R P Limberger, E Dallegrave, C Dalmaz, M D Arbo, M B Leal
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the subchronic consumption of energy drinks and their constituents (caffeine and taurine) in male Wistar rats using behavioural and oxidative measures. METHODS: Energy drinks (ED 5, 7.5, and 10 mL/kg) or their constituents, caffeine (3.2 mg/kg) and taurine (40 mg/kg), either separately or in combination, were administered orally to animals for 28 days. Attention was measured though the ox-maze apparatus and the object recognition memory test...
August 12, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812189/nutrient-intake-of-swiss-toddlers
#17
Thomas A Brunner, Luca Casetti, Petra Haueter, Pascal Müller, Andreas Nydegger, Johannes Spalinger
PURPOSE: During the first years of life, food preferences are shaped that might last throughout a person's entire life affecting his/her health in the long term. However, knowledge on early feeding habits is still limited for toddlers. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to: (1) assess toddlers' nutrient intake; (2) compare the findings to past studies as well as to national feeding recommendations and (3) identify major food sources for energy and macronutrients. METHODS: A food survey using a 4-day diary was conducted...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791462/dietary-total-antioxidant-capacity-is-inversely-associated-with-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-disease-death-of-us-adults
#18
Kijoon Kim, Terrence M Vance, Ming-Hui Chen, Ock K Chun
PURPOSE: Although evidence strongly supports that antioxidant-rich diets reduce risk of chronic disease and mortality, findings from the previous studies on the effect of individual antioxidants on mortality have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and all-cause and disease-specific mortality in a representative sample of the US population. METHODS: A total of 23,595 US adults aged 30 years and older in NHANES 1988-1994 and 1999-2004 were selected for this study...
August 8, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770335/erythritol-reduces-small-intestinal-glucose-absorption-increases-muscle-glucose-uptake-improves-glucose-metabolic-enzymes-activities-and-increases-expression-of-glut-4-and-irs-1-in-type-2-diabetic-rats
#19
Chika Ifeanyi Chukwuma, Ramgopal Mopuri, Savania Nagiah, Anil Amichund Chuturgoon, Md Shahidul Islam
PURPOSE: Studies have reported that erythritol, a low or non-glycemic sugar alcohol possesses anti-hyperglycemic and anti-diabetic potentials but the underlying mode of actions is not clear. This study investigated the underlying mode of actions behind the anti-hyperglycemic and anti-diabetic potentials of erythritol using different experimental models (experiment 1, 2 and 3). METHODS: Experiment 1 examined the effects of increasing concentrations (2.5-20%) of erythritol on glucose absorption and uptake in isolated rat jejunum and psoas muscle, respectively...
August 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770334/association-between-organic-food-consumption-and-metabolic-syndrome-cross-sectional-results-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#20
Julia Baudry, Hélène Lelong, Solia Adriouch, Chantal Julia, Benjamin Allès, Serge Hercberg, Mathilde Touvier, Denis Lairon, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a multicomponent condition, is a cardiovascular disease predictor. Although exposure to agricultural pesticides has been suggested as a potential contributor to the rising rates of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and other features of metabolic disorders, no studies have focused on the association between consumption of organic food (produced without synthetic pesticides) and MetS. We aimed to investigate the cross-sectional association between organic food consumption and MetS in French adults to determine whether it would be worth conducting further studies, particularly large prospective and randomised trials...
August 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
journal
journal
34687
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"