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European Journal of Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149368/dietary-guidance-for-lutein-consideration-for-intake-recommendations-is-scientifically-supported
#1
Katherine M Ranard, Sookyoung Jeon, Emily S Mohn, James C Griffiths, Elizabeth J Johnson, John W Erdman
Lutein, a yellow xanthophyll carotenoid found in egg yolks and many colorful fruits and vegetables, has gained public health interest for its putative role in visual performance and reducing the risk of age-related macular degeneration. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine's recommended Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) focus on preventing deficiency and toxicity, but there is a budding interest in establishing DRI-like guidelines for non-essential bioactives, like lutein, that promote optimal health and/or prevent chronic diseases...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143934/evaluation-of-antioxidative-and-diabetes-preventive-properties-of-an-ancient-grain-kamut-%C3%A2-khorasan-wheat-in-healthy-volunteers
#2
Caterina Trozzi, Francesca Raffaelli, Arianna Vignini, Laura Nanetti, Rosaria Gesuita, Laura Mazzanti
PURPOSE: Recently, there was an increasing interest on the use of ancient grains because of their better health-related composition. The aim of this study was to evaluate in healthy human subjects the antioxidative and diabetes-preventive properties of ancient KAMUT(®) khorasan wheat compared to modern wheat. METHODS: The study was a randomized, non-blind, parallel arm study where the biochemical parameters of volunteers with a diet based on organic whole grain KAMUT(®) khorasan products, as the only source of cereal products were compared to a similar replacement diet based on organic whole grain modern durum wheat products...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128995/a-systematic-review-of-dietary-interventions-for-gestational-weight-gain-and-gestational-diabetes-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women
#3
REVIEW
Reeta Lamminpää, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Ursula Schwab
PURPOSE: The number of overweight and obese women is increasing in the obstetric population. The aim of this study was to review studies that reported results related to the efficacy of dietary interventions on gestational weight gain (GWG) or the prevention of gestational diabetes (GDM) in overweight and obese women. METHODS: The search was performed using the CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and Medic electronic databases and limited to the years between 2000 and March 2016...
November 11, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127477/maternal-adipose-tissue-becomes-a-source-of-fatty-acids-for-the-fetus-in-fasted-pregnant-rats-given-diets-with-different-fatty-acid-compositions
#4
Iliana López-Soldado, Henar Ortega-Senovilla, Emilio Herrera
PURPOSE: The utilization of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) by the fetus may exceed its capacity to synthesize them from essential fatty acids, so they have to come from the mother. Since adipose tissue lipolytic activity is greatly accelerated under fasting conditions during late pregnancy, the aim was to determine how 24 h fasting in late pregnant rats given diets with different fatty acid compositions affects maternal and fetal tissue fatty acid profiles. METHODS: Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were given isoenergetic diets containing 10% palm-, sunflower-, olive- or fish-oil...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127476/co-supplementation-of-isomalto-oligosaccharides-potentiates-metabolic-health-benefits-of-polyphenol-rich-cranberry-extract-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice-via-enhanced-gut-butyrate-production
#5
Dhirendra Pratap Singh, Shashank Singh, Vandana Bijalwan, Vijay Kumar, Pragyanshu Khare, Ritesh Kumar Baboota, Paramdeep Singh, Ravneet Kaur Boparai, Jagdeep Singh, Kanthi Kiran Kondepudi, Kanwaljit Chopra, Mahendra Bishnoi
PURPOSE: Cranberries are a rich source of polyphenolic antioxidants. Purified sugars or artificial sweeteners are being added to cranberry-based food products to mask tartness. Refined sugar and artificial sweeteners intake modulate gut microbiota and result in metabolic complications. We evaluated effects of isomalto-oligosaccharides (IMOs; sweet tasting non-digestible oligosaccharides) with cranberry extract (CRX) on high fat diet (HFD)-induced metabolic alterations in mice. METHODS: Male Swiss albino mice were fed normal chow or HFD (58% fat kcal), and were administered either CRX (200 mg/kg) alone or in combination with IMOs (1 g/kg)...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127475/associations-between-the-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-with-total-and-central-obesity-in-preschool-children-the-prefit-project
#6
Idoia Labayen Goñi, Lide Arenaza, María Medrano, Natalia García, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Francisco B Ortega
PURPOSE: Early recognition of risk factors associated with overweight/obesity is an important step towards preventing long-term health consequences. The aim of the current study was to examine the associations of the adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with adiposity in preschool children from the north of Spain. METHODS: The adherence to the MDP (KIDMED), CRF (20-m shuttle run test), total (BMI) and central (waist circumference) adiposity and socio-demographic factors were assessed in 619 children (48...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127474/a-traditional-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-preschool-children-in-lebanon-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Lara Nasreddine, Hiba Shatila, Leila Itani, Nahla Hwalla, Lamis Jomaa, Farah Naja
PURPOSE: The high burden of preschool overweight in the Middle East and North Africa highlights the need for rigorous investigations of its determinants. This study aims at identifying dietary patterns amongst preschoolers in Lebanon and assessing their association with overweight and obesity. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst 2-5-year-old children (n = 525). Socio-demographic, dietary, lifestyle and anthropometric variables were collected...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124388/measuring-the-impact-of-olive-pomace-enriched-biscuits-on-the-gut-microbiota-and-its-metabolic-activity-in-mildly-hypercholesterolaemic-subjects
#8
Lorenza Conterno, Francesca Martinelli, Matteo Tamburini, Francesca Fava, Andrea Mancini, Maddalena Sordo, Massimo Pindo, Stefan Martens, Domenico Masuero, Urska Vrhovsek, Claudia Dal Lago, Gabriele Ferrario, Mario Morandini, Kieran Tuohy
PURPOSE: Olive pomace is a major waste product of olive oil production but remains rich in polyphenols and fibres. We measured the potential of an olive pomace-enriched biscuit formulation delivering 17.1 ± 4.01 mg/100 g of hydroxytyrosol and its derivatives, to modulate the composition and metabolic activity of the human gut microbiota. METHODS: In a double-blind, controlled parallel dietary intervention 62 otherwise healthy hypercholesterolemic (total plasma cholesterol 180-240 mg/dl) subjects were randomly assigned to eat 90 g of olive pomace-enriched biscuit (olive-enriched product, OEP) or an isoenergetic control (CTRL) for 8 weeks...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124387/effects-of-lactobacillus-coryniformis-k8-cect5711-on-the-immune-response-to-influenza-vaccination-and-the-assessment-of-common-respiratory-symptoms-in-elderly-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Juristo Fonollá, Carlos Gracián, Jose A Maldonado-Lobón, Carlos Romero, Alicia Bédmar, Juan C Carrillo, Carmen Martín-Castro, Antonio L Cabrera, Jose M García-Curiel, Carlos Rodríguez, Sara Sanbonmatsu, Mercedes Pérez-Ruiz, Jose M Navarro, Mónica Olivares
PURPOSE: Elderly people are particularly vulnerable to seasonal influenza. Therefore, vaccination is strongly recommended. However, the vaccine efficacy is lower in the elderly, owing to immunosenescence. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the ability of the probiotic strain Lactobacillus coryniformis K8 CECT5711 to enhance the immune response to the influenza vaccine in the elderly and to assess the effects on symptoms related to respiratory infections. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted between November 2015 and April 2016...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124386/olive-oil-consumption-and-10-year-2002-2012-cardiovascular-disease-incidence-the-attica-study
#10
Georgia-Maria Kouli, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Ioannis Kyrou, Emanuela Magriplis, Ekavi N Georgousopoulou, Christina Chrysohoou, Constantine Tsigos, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christos Pitsavos
PURPOSE: Olive oil, being rich in mono-unsaturated fatty acids and anti-inflammatory compounds, may have protective effects against cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of the present work was to examine the association of olive oil consumption with the 10-year CVD incidence in adults without pre-existing CVD. METHODS: The ATTICA Study is a prospective, population-based study conducted in the greater metropolitan area of Athens (Attica, Greece). During 2001-2002, 3042 CVD-free adults (1514 men and 1528 women) were voluntarily recruited to the ATTICA study...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124385/tea-and-coffee-consumption-in-relation-to-glioma-a-case-control-study
#11
Hanieh Malmir, Mehdi Shayanfar, Minoo Mohammad-Shirazi, Hadi Tabibi, Giuve Sharifi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
PURPOSE: Data on the link between tea and coffee consumption and risk of glioma are controversial. We aimed to examine the association between tea and coffee consumption and glioma in Iranian adults. METHODS: In this hospital-based case-control study, we enrolled 128 pathologically confirmed new cases of glioma and 256 age- and sex-matched controls. Dietary intakes of study participants including tea and coffee consumption was assessed using the validated Block-format 123-item semi-quantitative FFQ...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119235/effect-of-probiotics-and-synbiotics-consumption-on-serum-concentrations-of-liver-function-test-enzymes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Saman Khalesi, David Wayne Johnson, Katrin Campbell, Susan Williams, Andrew Fenning, Sonia Saluja, Christopher Irwin
PURPOSE: The gut-liver interaction suggests that modification of gut bacterial flora using probiotics and synbiotics may improve liver function. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify the effect of probiotics and synbiotics consumption on the serum concentration of liver function enzymes. METHODS: PubMed (MEDLINE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Cochrane Library (Central) were searched from 1980 to August 2017 for studies where adults consumed probiotics and/or synbiotics in controlled trials and changes in liver function enzymes were examined...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101532/the-phytoestrogens-daidzein-and-equol-inhibit-the-drug-transporter-bcrp-abcg2-in-breast-cancer-cells-potential-chemosensitizing-effect
#13
Juan Pablo Rigalli, Paul Niklas Scholz, Guillermo Nicolás Tocchetti, María Laura Ruiz, Johanna Weiss
PURPOSE: The soy isoflavone genistein has been described to up-regulate breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and, thus, enhance chemoresistance in breast cancer cells. The aim of this work was to assess the effect of long- and short-term incubation with daidzein, the second most abundant soy isoflavone and its metabolite equol on the expression and activity of P-glycoprotein, multidrug resistance-associated proteins 1 and 2 (MRP1 and MRP2) and BCRP in breast cancer cells. METHODS: MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with phytoestrogen concentrations within the range achieved in individuals with a high isoflavone intake...
November 3, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098427/association-between-egg-consumption-and-cardiovascular-disease-events-diabetes-and-all-cause-mortality
#14
Jing Guo, Ditte A Hobbs, John R Cockcroft, Peter C Elwood, Janet E Pickering, Julie A Lovegrove, David I Givens
PURPOSE: The association between egg consumption and cardiovascular disease (CVD) or type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains controversial. We investigated the association between egg consumption and risk of CVD (primary outcome), T2D and mortality in the Caerphilly prospective cohort study (CAPS) and National Diet and Nutritional Survey (NDNS). METHODS: CAPS included 2512 men aged 45-59 years (1979-1983). Dietary intake, disease incidence and mortality were updated at 5-year intervals...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098426/improvement-in-cardiometabolic-risk-markers-following-a-multifunctional-diet-is-associated-with-gut-microbial-taxa-in-healthy-overweight-and-obese-subjects
#15
Nittaya Marungruang, Juscelino Tovar, Inger Björck, Frida Fåk Hållenius
PURPOSE: A multifunctional diet (MFD) targeting subclinical inflammation was developed as a tool to decrease risk factors for cardiometabolic disease in healthy "at-risk" individuals (BMI 25-33 kg/m(2)). MFD contains several components that are degraded in the colon by the microbiota, such as dietary fibers from rye, barley, oats and berries. It also contains soy beans, oily fish and plant stanols. In previous studies, we have observed improved cardiometabolic markers in healthy at-risk individuals after 4-8 week intake of MFD...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098425/greater-expression-of-postprandial-inflammatory-genes-in-humans-after-intervention-with-saturated-when-compared-to-unsaturated-fatty-acids
#16
Milena Monfort-Pires, Amanda Rabello Crisma, Silvana Bordin, Sandra Roberta G Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Inflammation plays a key role in the development of insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. Fatty acids and fiber intake can selectively alter gene expression by modifying inflammation. PURPOSE: We compared the postprandial expression of inflammatory genes after 2 distinct high-fat breakfast meals, before and after 1-month dietary interventions. METHODS: This crossover clinical trial included 18 individuals at low-to-moderate cardiometabolic risk participating in evaluations before and after two 4-week breakfast interventions-one rich in saturated fatty acids (SFA) and the other in unsaturated fatty acids (unSFA) and fiber...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098424/a-cross-sectional-investigation-into-the-occupational-and-socio-demographic-characteristics-of-british-police-force-employees-reporting-a-dietary-pattern-associated-with-cardiometabolic-risk-findings-from-the-airwave-health-monitoring-study
#17
Rachel Gibson, Rebeca Eriksen, Deepa Singh, Anne-Claire Vergnaud, Andrew Heard, Queenie Chan, Paul Elliott, Gary Frost
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to (1) determine the association between diet quality using the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score and cardiometabolic risk in a British working population and (2) identify employee characteristics associated with reporting a poorer quality dietary pattern. METHODS: British police employees enrolled (2007-2012) into the Airwave Health Monitoring Study (n = 5527) were included for sex-specific cross-sectional analyses...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094199/relation-between-plasma-phospholipid-oleic-acid-and-risk-of-heart-failure
#18
Scott J Morin, John M Gaziano, Luc Djoussé
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although the association between monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and risk factors for heart failure (HF) has been reported, it is unclear whether oleic acid, the predominant MUFA in olive oil, plays a role in the development of HF. Consequently, we sought to examine the relation of plasma phospholipid oleic acid with HF in a male cohort. In a secondary analysis, we examined the relation of the ratio of plasma monounsaturated-to-saturated fatty acids (MUFA: SFA) with HF...
November 1, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090332/a-systematic-review-of-vitamin-d-status-in-southern-european-countries
#19
REVIEW
Yannis Manios, George Moschonis, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Konstantina Tsoutsoulopoulou, Panagiota Binou, Alexandra Karachaliou, Christina Breidenassel, Marcela Gonzalez-Gross, Mairead Kiely, Kevin D Cashman
PURPOSE: Despite an acknowledged dearth of data on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations from Southern European countries, inter-country comparison is hampered by inconsistent data reporting. The purpose of the current study was to conduct a systematic literature review of available data on serum 25(OH)D concentrations and estimate vitamin D status in Southern European and Eastern Mediterranean countries, both at a population level and within key population subgroups, stratified by age, sex, season and country...
October 31, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086061/systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-the-intestinal-microbiota-on-selected-nutrients-and-non-nutrients
#20
REVIEW
Colette Shortt, Oliver Hasselwander, Alexandra Meynier, Arjen Nauta, Estefanía Noriega Fernández, Peter Putz, Ian Rowland, Jonathan Swann, Jessica Türk, Joan Vermeiren, Jean-Michel Antoine
PURPOSE: There is considerable interest in the effects of the intestinal microbiota (IM) composition, its activities in relation with the metabolism of dietary substrates and the impact these effects may have in the development and prevention of certain non-communicable diseases. It is acknowledged that a complex interdependence exists between the IM and the mammalian host and that the IM possesses a far greater diversity of genes and repertoire of metabolic and enzymatic capabilities than their hosts...
October 30, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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