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European Journal of Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913872/treatment-for-6%C3%A2-months-with-fish-oil-derived-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-has-neutral-effects-on-glycemic-control-but-improves-dyslipidemia-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-abdominal-obesity-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#1
Feng Wang, Yanyan Wang, Yan Zhu, Xiaosong Liu, Hui Xia, Xian Yang, Guiju Sun
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effects of fish oil-derived n-3 PUFA on glycemic control and lipid profiles in type 2 diabetic patients with abdominal obesity. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 100 type 2 diabetic patients with abdominal obesity were randomized into two groups including 4 g/day of fish oil (2.4 g n-3 PUFA) or placebo (corn oil) for 6 months. Serum fatty acid, body composition, as well as markers of glucose regulation and lipid parameters were measured before and after intervention...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900447/controversies-about-sugars-results-from-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-on-obesity-cardiometabolic-disease-and-diabetes
#2
REVIEW
Tauseef A Khan, John L Sievenpiper
Fructose-containing sugars are a focus of attention as a public health target for their putative role in obesity and cardiometabolic disease including diabetes. The fructose moiety is singled out to be the primary driver for the harms of sugars due to its unique endocrine signal and pathophysiological role. However, this is only supported by ecological studies, animal models of overfeeding and select human intervention studies with supraphysiological doses or lack of control for energy. The highest level of evidence from systematic reviews and meta-analyses of controlled trials has not shown that fructose-containing sugars behave any differently from other forms of digestible carbohydrates...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896443/dietary-sources-of-sugars-in-adolescents-diet-the-helena-study
#3
M I Mesana, A Hilbig, O Androutsos, M Cuenca-García, J Dallongeville, I Huybrechts, S De Henauw, K Widhalm, A Kafatos, E Nova, A Marcos, M González-Gross, D Molnar, F Gottrand, L A Moreno
OBJECTIVE: To report dietary sugars consumption and their different types and food sources, in European adolescents. METHODS: Food consumption data of selected groups were obtained from 1630 adolescents (45.6% males, 12.5-17.5 years) from the HELENA study using two nonconsecutive 24-h recalls. Energy intake, total sugars and free sugars were assessed using the HELENA-DIAT software. Multiple regression analyses were performed adjusting for relevant confounders. RESULTS: Total sugars intake (137...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885555/meat-intake-cooking-methods-and-doneness-and-risk-of-colorectal-tumours-in-the-spanish-multicase-control-study-mcc-spain
#4
Jordi de Batlle, Esther Gracia-Lavedan, Dora Romaguera, Michelle Mendez, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Vicente Martín, Núria Aragonés, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, José Juan Jimenez-Moleon, Marcela Guevara, Mikel Azpiri, Cristóbal Llorens-Ivorra, Guillermo Fernandez-Tardon, Jose Andrés Lorca, José María Huerta, Victor Moreno, Elena Boldo, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Jesús Castilla, Tania Fernández-Villa, Juan Pablo Barrio, Montserrat Andreu, Antoni Castells, Trinidad Dierssen, Jone M Altzibar, Manolis Kogevinas, Marina Pollán, Pilar Amiano
PURPOSE: Although there is convincing evidence that red and processed meat intake increases the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), the potential role of meat cooking practices has not been established yet and could partly explain the current heterogeneity of results among studies. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association between meat consumption and cooking practices and the risk of CRC in a population-based case-control study. METHODS: A total of 1671 CRC cases and 3095 controls recruited in Spain between September 2008 and December 2013 completing a food frequency questionnaire with a meat-specific module were included in the analyses...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885554/short-term-effects-of-a-green-coffee-extract-garcinia-c-ambogia-and-l-carnitine-containing-chewing-gum-on-snack-intake-and-appetite-regulation
#5
Cecilia Bobillo, Graham Finlayson, Ana Martínez, Daniela Fischman, Analisa Beneitez, Alejandro J Ferrero, Belisario E Fernández, Marcos A Mayer
INTRODUCTION: Different studies have assessed the influence of chewing gum to aid control of appetite and reduce food intake. PURPOSE: The aims of the present study were to evaluate the effects of chewing gum on satiety, food hedonics and snack intake and to explore the potential effects of the combination of Garcinia c ambogia, green coffee extract and L-carnitine on satiety, when administered in a gum format. METHODS: This was a prospective study in which 57 subjects randomly received three kinds of treatments, in a crossover design: (1) active gum; (2) placebo gum; and (3) no gum...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882410/a-review-of-recent-evidence-relating-to-sugars-insulin-resistance-and-diabetes
#6
REVIEW
I A Macdonald
The potential impact on health of diets rich in free sugars, and particularly fructose, is of major concern. The focus of this review is the impact of these sugars on insulin resistance and obesity, and the associated risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Much of the concern is focussed on specific metabolic effects of fructose, which are argued to lead to increased fat deposition in the liver and skeletal muscle with subsequent insulin resistance and increased risk of diabetes. However, much of the evidence underpinning these arguments is based on animal studies involving very large intakes of the free sugars...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873069/estimated-dietary-intake-and-major-food-sources-of-polyphenols-in-elderly-of-vi%C3%A3-osa-brazil-a-population-based-study
#7
Mary Anne Nascimento-Souza, Pedro Gontijo de Paiva, Jara Pérez-Jiménez, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Andréia Queiroz Ribeiro
PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies have remarked the beneficial role that polyphenols may have in the elderly population such as cancer and cardiovascular disease prevention. This is particularly relevant considering the global tendency of population aging. Data on polyphenol intake in the elderly population are scarce and usually provide partial information-only for some polyphenol classes. The aim of this study was to estimate the intake of polyphenols and its major dietary contributors in the population of Viçosa...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868152/effect-of-buffalo-casein-derived-novel-bioactive-peptides-on-osteoblast-differentiation
#8
Srinu Reddi, Venkatesa Perumal Shanmugam, Kemgang Sonfack Tanedjeu, Suman Kapila, Rajeev Kapila
PURPOSE: Epidemiological and intervention studies show that milk consumption in childhood and during adolescence is related to higher bone mineral density. Milk and milk products prevent the bone loss in pre- and postmenopausal women. Apart from calcium, there are other biologically active compounds in milk such as bioactive peptides which may play a role in promoting bone health. Casein is the major protein in milk which has also been reported to have numerous biological active peptides within it...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858150/coffee-and-oxidative-stress-a-human-intervention-study
#9
Sergey Shaposhnikov, Thomas Hatzold, Naouale El Yamani, Philip Mark Stavro, Yolanda Lorenzo, Maria Dusinska, Astrid Reus, Wilrike Pasman, Andrew Collins
PURPOSE: Coffee is known to contain phytochemicals with antioxidant potential. The aim of this study was to investigate possible antioxidant effects of coffee in healthy human volunteers. METHODS: A placebo-controlled intervention trial was carried out on 160 healthy human subjects, randomised into three groups, receiving 3 or 5 cups of study coffee or water per day, for 8 weeks. Blood samples were taken before, during, and after the intervention. Serum was used for analysis of blood lipids and standard clinical chemistry analytes...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832366/whey-protein-consumption-after-resistance-exercise-reduces-energy-intake-at-a-post-exercise-meal
#10
Alistair Monteyne, Alex Martin, Liam Jackson, Nick Corrigan, Ellen Stringer, Jack Newey, Penny L S Rumbold, Emma J Stevenson, Lewis J James
PURPOSE: Protein consumption after resistance exercise potentiates muscle protein synthesis, but its effects on subsequent appetite in this context are unknown. This study examined appetite and energy intake following consumption of protein- and carbohydrate-containing drinks after resistance exercise. METHODS: After familiarisation, 15 resistance training males (age 21 ± 1 years, body mass 78.0 ± 11.9 kg, stature 1.78 ± 0.07 m) completed two randomised, double-blind trials, consisting of lower-body resistance exercise, followed by consumption of a whey protein (PRO 23...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822640/are-belgian-toddlers-over-eating
#11
LETTER
Ute Alexy, Annett Hilbig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822639/methodological-issues-in-food-surveys
#12
LETTER
K Huysentruyt, J De Schepper, Y Vandenplas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822638/cardiac-changes-in-apoptosis-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-nitric-oxide-system-induced-by-prenatal-and-postnatal-zinc-deficiency-in-male-and-female-rats
#13
Lorena Vanesa Juriol, María Natalia Gobetto, Facundo Mendes Garrido Abregú, Marina Ercilia Dasso, Gonzalo Pineda, Leandro Güttlein, Andrea Carranza, Osvaldo Podhajcer, Jorge Eduardo Toblli, Rosana Elesgaray, Cristina Teresa Arranz, Analía Lorena Tomat
PURPOSE: Zinc restriction during fetal and postnatal development could program cardiovascular diseases in adulthood. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of zinc restriction during fetal life, lactation, and/or post-weaning growth on cardiac inflammation, apoptosis, oxidative stress, and nitric oxide system of male and female adult rats. METHODS: Wistar rats were fed a low- or a control zinc diet during pregnancy and up to weaning. Afterward, offspring were fed either a low- or a control zinc diet until 81 days of life...
November 7, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817128/l-arginine-and-b-vitamins-improve-endothelial-function-in-subjects-with-mild-to-moderate-blood-pressure-elevation
#14
Daniel Menzel, Hermann Haller, Manfred Wilhelm, Horst Robenek
PURPOSE: The aim of this trial was to investigate the influence of a dietetic product consisting of a unique combination of L-arginine with the vitamins B6, folic acid and B12 (Telcor(®) Arginin plus) on endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: Subjects aged 40-65 years with mild to moderate blood pressure (BP) elevation not treated with anti-hypertensive drugs were randomly assigned to either the dietetic product (n = 40) or a matching placebo (n = 41) for 3 months with open follow-up for a further 3 months...
November 5, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807623/a-systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-yogurt-consumption-on-chronic-diseases-risk-markers-in-adults
#15
REVIEW
Audrée-Anne Dumas, Annie Lapointe, Marilyn Dugrenier, Véronique Provencher, Benoît Lamarche, Sophie Desroches
PURPOSE: We reviewed randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that have assessed the effects of yogurt containing Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus (LBST) on metabolic risk markers of chronic diseases in adults. METHODS: We performed a systematic search in July 2016 in the scientific databases PubMed, EMBASE and The Cochrane Library. Included studies were RCTs that assessed the impact of consuming yogurt containing LBST as a treatment, and that evaluated at least one metabolic risk marker for chronic diseases compared with a control diet or a diet supplemented in another food/ingredient in healthy or chronically ill adults...
November 2, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787623/dietary-intake-and-biomarker-status-of-folate-in-swedish-adults
#16
Veronica Öhrvik, Eva Warensjö Lemming, Cecilia Nälsén, Wulf Becker, Peter Ridefelt, Anna Karin Lindroos
PURPOSE: National data on folate status are missing in Sweden, and regional data indicate folate insufficiency in up to more than 25% of the study populations. The objectives were to determine folate intake and status in the adult Swedish population as well as identifying dietary patterns associated with beneficial folate status. METHODS: Folate intake was estimated using a web-based 4-d food record in adults aged 18-80 years (n = 1797). Folate status was measured as erythrocyte (n = 282) and plasma folate concentrations (n = 294)...
October 27, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785566/diet-quality-and-telomere-length-in-older-australian-men-and-women
#17
Catherine M Milte, Aaron P Russell, Kylie Ball, David Crawford, Jo Salmon, Sarah A McNaughton
PURPOSE: Telomere length is a biomarker of cellular ageing, with longer telomeres associated with longevity and reduced risk of chronic disease in older age. Consumption of a healthy diet may contribute to longevity via its impact on cellular ageing, but studies on diet and telomere length to date have been limited and their findings equivocal. The aim of this study was to examine associations between three indices of diet quality and telomere length in older men and women. METHODS: Adults aged 57-68 years participating in the Wellbeing, Eating and Exercise for a Long Life (WELL) study in Victoria, Australia (n = 679), completed a postal survey including an 111-item food frequency questionnaire in 2012...
October 26, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785565/durum-wheat-particle-size-affects-starch-and-protein-digestion-in-vitro
#18
Giuseppina Mandalari, Zara Merali, Peter Ryden, Simona Chessa, Carlo Bisignano, Davide Barreca, Ersilia Bellocco, Giuseppina Laganà, Richard M Faulks, Keith W Waldron
PURPOSE: The term bioaccessibility refers to the proportion of a nutrient released from a complex food matrix during digestion and, therefore, becoming potentially available for absorption in the gastrointestinal tract. In the present study, we assessed the starch and protein bioaccessibility from a range of wheat endosperm products differing in particle size. METHODS: Five porridge meals (size A, flour, mean particle size 0.11 mm, size B, small, mean particle size 0...
October 26, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778088/association-between-full-breastfeeding-timing-of-complementary-food-introduction-and-iron-status-in-infancy-in-germany-results-of-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-trial
#19
Lars Libuda, Annett Hilbig, Seda Berber-Al-Tawil, Hermann Kalhoff, Mathilde Kersting
PURPOSE: Considering the low content in breast milk breastfed infants might be at particular risk for depleted iron stores after the first months of life. This study evaluates the association of the mode of milk feeding and the timing of complementary food (CF) introduction with parameters of iron status in term healthy infants in Germany. METHODS: In this secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial, parents recorded all foods consumed by their infants from the age of 8 weeks onwards...
October 24, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771770/associations-between-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-physical-fitness-during-childhood
#20
Mahmoud Zaqout, Nathalie Michels, Wolfgang Ahrens, Claudia Börnhorst, Dénes Molnár, Luis A Moreno, Gabriele Eiben, Alfonso Siani, Stalo Papoutsou, Toomas Veidebaum, Stefaan De Henauw
PURPOSE: Exposure to breastfeeding improves the survival, health, and development of children; therefore, breast milk is recommended as the exclusive nutrient source for feeding term infants during the first 6 months. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the possible association between exposure to exclusive breastfeeding and physical fitness performance in children and, if so, whether this association is influenced by the breastfeeding duration. METHODS: A total of 2853 (52...
October 22, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
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