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European Journal of Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344677/is-vitamin-d-deficiency-a-public-health-concern-for-low-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Kevin D Cashman, Tony Sheehy, Colette M O'Neill
PURPOSE: Vitamin D deficiency has been receiving increasing attention as a potential public health concern in low and lower-middle income countries (LMICs), of which there are currently 83. We aimed to conduct a comprehensive systematic literature review (SLR) of available data on vitamin D status and prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in all 83 LMICs. METHODS: We followed the general methodology for SLRs in the area of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Highest priority was placed on identifying relevant population-based studies, followed by cross-sectional studies, and to a lesser extent case-control studies...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330662/yogurt-consumption-is-associated-with-higher-nutrient-intake-diet-quality-and-favourable-metabolic-profile-in-children-a-cross-sectional-analysis-using-data-from-years-1-4-of-the-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-uk
#2
D A Hobbs, D I Givens, J A Lovegrove
PURPOSE: Yogurt consumption has been associated with higher nutrient intakes, better diet quality and improved metabolic profiles in adults. Few studies have investigated these associations in children. This study investigated the association of yogurt consumption with nutrient intakes, diet quality and metabolic profile in British children. METHODS: Data from  1687 children aged 4-10 and 11-18 years of the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) years 1-4 were analysed...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330661/adipose-tissue-fatty-acids-present-in-dairy-fat-and-risk-of-stroke-the-danish-diet-cancer-and-health-cohort
#3
Anne Sofie Dam Laursen, Christina Catherine Dahm, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Erik Berg Schmidt, Kim Overvad, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen
PURPOSE: The role of dairy fat for the risk of stroke is not yet clear. Adipose tissue reflects long-term fatty acid intake and metabolism. We, therefore, investigated associations for percentages of adipose tissue fatty acids, for which dairy products are a major source (12:0, 14:0, 14:1 cis-9, 15:0, 17:0, 18:1 trans-11 and 18:2 cis-9, trans-11), with incident total stroke and stroke subtypes. METHODS: We conducted a case-cohort study within the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort, including all incident stroke cases (n = 2108) and a random sample of the total cohort (n = 3186)...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330660/theobromine-consumption-does-not-improve-fasting-and-postprandial-vascular-function-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects
#4
Lotte Smolders, Ronald P Mensink, Jose J van den Driessche, Peter J Joris, Jogchum Plat
BACKGOUND: Theobromine, a component of cocoa, may favorably affect conventional lipid-related cardiovascular risk markers, but effects on flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and other vascular function markers are not known. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of 4-week theobromine consumption (500 mg/day) on fasting and postprandial vascular function markers. DESIGN: In a randomized, double-blind crossover study, 44 apparently healthy overweight (N = 30) and obese (N = 14) men and women with low HDL-C concentrations, consumed daily 500 mg theobromine or placebo for 4 weeks...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330659/coffee-with-a-high-content-of-chlorogenic-acids-and-low-content-of-hydroxyhydroquinone-improves-postprandial-endothelial-dysfunction-in-patients-with-borderline-and-stage-1-hypertension
#5
Masato Kajikawa, Tatsuya Maruhashi, Takayuki Hidaka, Yukiko Nakano, Satoshi Kurisu, Takeshi Matsumoto, Yumiko Iwamoto, Shinji Kishimoto, Shogo Matsui, Yoshiki Aibara, Farina Mohamad Yusoff, Yasuki Kihara, Kazuaki Chayama, Chikara Goto, Kensuke Noma, Ayumu Nakashima, Takuya Watanabe, Hiroshi Tone, Masanobu Hibi, Noriko Osaki, Yoshihisa Katsuragi, Yukihito Higashi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate acute effects of coffee with a high content of chlorogenic acids and different hydroxyhydroquinone contents on postprandial endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: This was a single-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover-within-subject clinical trial. A total of 37 patients with borderline or stage 1 hypertension were randomized to two study groups. The participants consumed a test meal with a single intake of the test coffee...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327230/alcohol-alcoholic-beverages-and-melanoma-risk-a-systematic-literature-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Sara Gandini, Giovanna Masala, Domenico Palli, Benedetta Cavicchi, Calogero Saieva, Ilaria Ermini, Federica Baldini, Patrizia Gnagnarella, Saverio Caini
PURPOSE: Several studies in recent years have investigated the relationship between alcohol intake and melanoma risk, with conflicting results. To help clarify this issue, we conducted a literature review and dose-response meta-analysis of studies published until June 30th, 2017, that examined the association between alcohol intake (overall and by beverage type) and melanoma risk. METHODS: We used random effect models with maximum likelihood estimation to calculate summary relative risk (SRR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI)...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327229/leopoldia-comosa-prevents-metabolic-disorders-in-rats-with-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity
#7
T Casacchia, F Scavello, C Rocca, M C Granieri, G Beretta, D Amelio, F Gelmini, A Spena, R Mazza, C C Toma, Tommaso Angelone, Giancarlo Statti, T Pasqua
PURPOSE: Obesity is the main feature of a complex illness known as metabolic syndrome. Anti-obesogenic therapies are often associated with side effects and represent a high cost in conventional pharmacological approaches. New strategies based on natural remedies are under continuous investigation. Leopoldia comosa (L.) Parl. (L. comosa) is a spontaneous plant with diuretic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Recently, a hypoglycemic activity mediated by inhibition of carbohydrate digestion has been identified...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327228/postoperative-intermittent-fasting-prevents-hippocampal-oxidative-stress-and-memory-deficits-in-a-rat-model-of-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#8
Yuan Hu, Miao Zhang, Yunyun Chen, Ying Yang, Jun-Jian Zhang
PURPOSE: Whether intermittent fasting (IF) treatment after stroke can prevent its long-term detrimental effects remains unknown. Here, we investigate the effects of postoperative IF on cognitive deficits and its underlying mechanisms in a permanent two-vessel occlusion (2VO) vascular dementia rat model. METHODS: Rats were subjected to either IF or ad libitum feeding 1 week after 2VO surgery. The cognition of rats was assessed using the novel object recognition (NOR) task and Morris water maze (MWM) 8 weeks after surgery...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322315/effects-of-a-casein-hydrolysate-versus-intact-casein-on-gastric-emptying-and-amino-acid-responses
#9
Katy Horner, Elaine Drummond, Victoria O'Sullivan, Pedapati S C Sri Harsha, Lorraine Brennan
PURPOSE: Milk proteins and/or their hydrolysates have been reported to have beneficial effects for improving postprandial glycaemia. Gastric emptying is a major determinant of postprandial glycaemia, yet limited studies have examined the effects of intact milk proteins compared to hydrolysates on gastric emptying. We investigated gastric emptying of a casein hydrolysate compared to intact casein. METHODS: Nine overweight and obese adults (mean ± SD age: 59...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322314/cognitive-impairment-is-associated-with-elevated-serum-homocysteine-levels-among-older-adults
#10
Sunghee Kim, Bo Youl Choi, Jung Hyun Nam, Mi Kyung Kim, Dong Hoon Oh, Yoon Jung Yang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between the risk of cognitive impairment and the serum levels of folate, vitamin B12, and homocysteine (Hcy). METHODS: Subjects were persons aged 60-79 years who participated in the Yangpyeong Cohort study between 2011 and 2012. Cognitive impairment and normal subjects consisted of 100 pairs of old adults matched by age, sex, and education levels. Cognitive function was evaluated with the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS)...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299736/the-impact-of-probiotic-supplementation-during-pregnancy-on-dna-methylation-of-obesity-related-genes-in-mothers-and-their-children
#11
Sanna Vähämiko, Asta Laiho, Riikka Lund, Erika Isolauri, Seppo Salminen, Kirsi Laitinen
PURPOSE: Dietary supplementation with probiotics during pregnancy has been suggested to decrease the risk for obesity in women after delivery and to minimize excessive weight gain in their children. Epigenetic DNA methylation has been proposed to impact on gene activity, thereby providing a plausible molecular mechanism for a broad range of biological processes and diseases. This pilot study aimed to evaluate whether probiotic supplementation during pregnancy could modify the DNA methylation status of the promoters of obesity and weight gain-related genes in mothers and their children...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299735/exposure-to-chinese-famine-in-early-life-and-the-risk-of-dyslipidemia-in-adulthood
#12
Xueling Xin, Weijing Wang, Hui Xu, Zongyao Li, Dongfeng Zhang
PURPOSE: Early life exposure to famine may affect the susceptibility to metabolic disorders including dyslipidemia. However, few studies explored the association between them in Chinese population. We aimed to evaluate the association between Chinese famine (1959-1961) exposure during early life and the risk of dyslipidemia in adulthood. METHODS: The study performed a historic cohort study and data were from China Health and Nutrition Survey conducted in 2009. A total of 4843 subjects born between 1941 and 1966 were categorized into fetal-infant exposed group (N = 433), childhood exposed group (N = 2132), adolescence exposed group (N = 1140), and unexposed group (N = 1138), respectively...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299734/modelling-of-adequate-and-safe-vitamin-d-intake-in-danish-women-using-different-fortification-and-supplementation-scenarios-to-inform-fortification-policies
#13
Ida M Grønborg, Inge Tetens, Majken Ege, Tue Christensen, Elisabeth Wreford Andersen, Rikke Andersen
PURPOSE: Fortification of foods with vitamin D may be a population-based solution to low vitamin D intake. We performed modelling of vitamin D from diet, fortified foods and supplements in a population of Danish women 18-50 years, a risk group of vitamin D deficiency, to inform fortification policies on safe and adequate levels. METHODS: Based on individual habitual dietary vitamin D intake of female participants from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity (DANSDA) (n = 855), we performed graded intake modelling to predict the intake in six scenarios increasing the vitamin D intake from a habitual diet without fish to habitual diet including fish, fortified foods and supplements (40/80 µg)...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274034/the-effects-of-bovine-colostrum-supplementation-on-in-vivo-immunity-following-prolonged-exercise-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
A W Jones, D S March, R Thatcher, B Diment, N P Walsh, Glen Davison
BACKGROUND: Bovine colostrum (COL) has been advocated as a nutritional countermeasure to exercise-induced immune dysfunction, but there is a lack of research with clinically relevant in vivo measures. AIM: To investigate the effects of COL supplementation on in vivo immunity following prolonged exercise using experimental contact hypersensitivity (CHS) with the novel antigen diphenylcyclopropenone (DPCP). METHODS: In a double-blind design, 31 men were randomly assigned to COL (20 g/day) or placebo (PLA) for 58 days...
December 22, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274033/supplementation-with-an-insoluble-fiber-obtained-from-carob-pod-ceratonia-siliqua-l-rich-in-polyphenols-prevents-dyslipidemia-in-rabbits-through-sirt1-pgc-1%C3%AE-pathway
#15
María Valero-Muñoz, Sandra Ballesteros, Baltasar Ruiz-Roso, Lourdes Pérez-Olleros, Beatriz Martín-Fernández, Vicente Lahera, Natalia de Las Heras
PURPOSE: To investigate the mechanism implicated in the effect of an insoluble fiber (obtained from carob pod) rich in polyphenols (IFCP) in lipid metabolism in the liver. METHODS: Male New Zealand rabbits were fed with the following diets for 8 weeks: control diet (CT group), dyslipidemic diet supplemented with 0.5% cholesterol + 14% coconut oil (DL group) and dyslipidemic diet containing 0.5% cholesterol + 14% coconut oil plus 3% IFCP (DL + IFCP group)...
December 22, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255931/dietary-guanidinoacetic-acid-does-not-accumulate-in-the-brain-of-healthy-men
#16
Sergej M Ostojic, Jelena Ostojic
We conducted a secondary analysis of a previously completed trial to determine the effects of 8-week guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) loading on brain GAA levels in five healthy men. Brain magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) was taken at baseline and post-administration, with spectra additionally analyzed for brain GAA and glutamate concentrations using TARQUIN 4.3.10 software. Brain GAA levels remained essentially unchanged at follow-up (an increase of 7.7% from baseline levels; 95% confidence interval, - 24...
December 19, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255930/effects-of-folic-acid-supplementation-on-cognitive-function-and-a%C3%AE-related-biomarkers-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trail
#17
Fei Ma, Qing Li, Xuan Zhou, Jiangang Zhao, Aili Song, Wen Li, Huan Liu, Weili Xu, Guowei Huang
PURPOSE: Observational studies have frequently reported that low blood folate concentrations are associated with poor cognitive performance. Our previous studies have shown the potential beneficial effect on the metabolite levels of methionine cycle and peripheral blood inflammatory cytokines from 6- and 12-month folic acid supplementation on cognitive function in mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This study aims to continue exploring the effect of 24-month folic acid supplementation on cognitive function and pathological mechanism in MCI...
December 18, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242971/effects-of-hydration-on-plasma-copeptin-glycemia-and-gluco-regulatory-hormones-a-water-intervention-in-humans
#18
Sofia Enhörning, Irina Tasevska, Ronan Roussel, Nadine Bouby, Margaretha Persson, Philippe Burri, Lise Bankir, Olle Melander
PURPOSE: High plasma copeptin, a marker of vasopressin, predicts diabetes mellitus. We tested if copeptin could be suppressed by increased water intake in healthy individuals, and if a water-induced change in copeptin was accompanied by altered concentrations of glucose, insulin or glucagon. METHODS: Thirty-nine healthy individuals underwent, in random order, 1 week of high water intake (3 L/day on top of habitual intake) and 1 week of normal (habitual) fluid intake (control)...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238857/fto-rs9939609-a-allele-influences-anthropometric-outcome-in-response-to-dietary-intervention-but-not-in-response-to-physical-exercise-program
#19
Gabrielle Araujo do Nascimento, Mayza Dalcin Teixeira, Lupe Furtado-Alle, Neiva Leite, Ricardo Lehtonen Rodrigues de Souza, Louise Farah Saliba, Gerusa Eisfeld Milano, Larissa Rosa da Silva, Juliana Pizzi, Wendell Arthur Lopes, Maria de Fátima Aguiar Lopes, Ana Cláudia Kapp Titski, Luciane Viater Tureck
PURPOSE: The fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene is involved in energy homeostasis. The A allele of the rs9939609 (SNP; T>A) is associated with obesity and higher food intake, while its effect in energy expenditure remains unclear. The aim of this study is to examine whether FTO rs9939609 is associated with the anthropometric outcomes of a physical exercise program and a dietary intervention. METHODS: We studied two independent samples. The first was composed by children and adolescents in which overweight and obese individuals were submitted to a physical exercise program (n = 136) and normal weight participants served as a control group (n = 172)...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236165/polyphenol-rich-curry-made-with-mixed-spices-and-vegetables-benefits-glucose-homeostasis-in-chinese-males-polyspice-study-a-dose-response-randomized-controlled-crossover-trial
#20
Sumanto Haldar, Siok Ching Chia, Sze Han Lee, Joseph Lim, Melvin Khee-Shing Leow, Eric Chun Yong Chan, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
PURPOSE: To investigate acute effects of two doses of a polyphenol-rich curry made with seven different spices and four base vegetables, eaten with white rice, on 24 h glucose response, postprandial insulinemia, triglyceridemia and 24 h urinary total polyphenol excretion (TPE). METHODS: Randomized, controlled, dose-response crossover trial in healthy, Chinese men [n = 20, mean ± standard deviation (SD) age 23.7 ± 2.30 years, BMI 23.0 ± 2.31 kg/m2] who consumed test meals matched for calories, macronutrients and total vegetables content, consisting either Dose 0 Control (D0C) or Dose 1 Curry (D1C) or Dose 2 Curry (D2C) meal...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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