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European Journal of Nutrition

Marianne H Abel, Ragnhild E Brandlistuen, Ida H Caspersen, Heidi Aase, Liv E Torheim, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Anne Lise Brantsaeter
PURPOSE: Some studies indicate that mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency in pregnant women might negatively affect offspring neurocognitive development, including previous results from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort study (MoBa) exploring maternally reported child development at age 3 years. The aim of this follow-up study was to investigate whether maternal iodine intake in pregnancy is associated with language and learning at 8 years of age. METHODS: The study sample includes 39,471 mother-child pairs participating in MoBa with available information from a validated food frequency questionnaire covering the first half of pregnancy and a questionnaire on child neurocognitive development at 8 years...
November 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Amanda P Pedroso, Ana P S Dornellas, Adriana P de Souza, Josias F Pagotto, Lila M Oyama, Cláudia M O Nascimento, Jelena Klawitter, Uwe Christians, Alexandre K Tashima, Eliane Beraldi Ribeiro
PURPOSE: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) has been shown to induce the programming of metabolic disturbances and obesity, associated with hypothalamic derangements. The present study aimed at investigating the effects of IUGR on the protein and metabolite profiles of the hypothalamus of adult female rats. METHODS: Wistar rats were mated and either had ad libitum access to food (control group) or received only 50% of the control intake (restricted group) during the whole pregnancy...
November 7, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Hamid Noorbakhsh, Masoud Yavarmanesh, Seyed Ali Mortazavi, Peyman Adibi, Ali A Moazzami
PURPOSE: Irritable bowel syndrome is a gastrointestinal disorder which can influence human metabolism. It has been demonstrated that probiotics are beneficial in controlling IBS. Thus, the main objective of the present study was to determine metabolic changes in response to diarrhea predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) and to investigate the metabolic effects of a synbiotic intervention on serum, urine, and stool samples from IBS-D patients and healthy controls using proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1 HNMR)...
November 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Youzan Ferdinand Djohan, Eric Badia, Beatrice Bonafos, Gilles Fouret, Céline Lauret, Anne-Marie Dupuy, Edith Pinot, Thibault Sutra, Sylvie Gaillet, Karen Lambert, Fabrice Raynaud, Nathalie Gayrard, Bernard Jover, Absalome Aké Monde, Jean Paul Cristol, Charles Coudray, Christine Feillet-Coudray
PURPOSE: Palm (PO) and olive oils (OO) are the two most consumed and/or used oils in the world for food elaboration. These oils should not be confused with the solid palm stearin which is widely used in pastry making. Large number of studies was reported dealing with adverse/beneficial cardiovascular effects of PO and OO, whereas few studies were conducted to compare their potential effects on hepatic steatosis and liver lipid metabolism. The aim of this study was to compare the metabolic effects of high intake of POs (both crude and refined) and virgin OO on surrogate parameters of glucose tolerance, hepatic lipid metabolism and liver integrity...
November 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Josiane Steluti, Christina Reginaldo, Jacob Selhub, Ligi Paul, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate circulating folic acid (FA) and predict circulating FA concentrations in the population related to dietary intake, vitamin concentrations, and interaction with the genetic variants involved in folate metabolism. METHODS: Data were from the 'Health Survey of São Paulo' a cross-sectional population-based survey, conducted in São Paulo City, Brazil. The participants (n = 750) provided fasting blood samples and food intake data...
November 2, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Shumin Qiu, Chongmin Jiang
BACKGROUND: Some studies have investigated the association between soy and isoflavones consumption and breast cancer survival, but the results are far from conclusive. Accordingly, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore this issue. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search of Web of Science, PubMed, and Embase from inception to January 2018. The summary hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using a random effects model...
October 31, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Lukas Schwingshackl, Anette Buyken, Anna Chaimani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Brenda J Smith, Erica K Crockett, Pitipa Chongwatpol, Jennifer L Graef, Stephen L Clarke, Elizabeth Rendina-Ruedy, Edralin A Lucas
PURPOSE: Age-related bone loss is a consequence of endocrine and immune changes that disrupt bone remodeling. Functional foods (e.g., tart cherries) with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and prebiotic activity can potentially counter this age-related phenomenon. The aim of this study was to determine if Montmorency tart cherry protects against early age-related bone loss and the culpable alterations in bone metabolism. METHODS: Female, 5-month-old, C57BL/6 mice were assigned to baseline or treatment groups: AIN-93M diet supplemented with 0, 1, 5, or 10% tart cherry for 90 days...
October 30, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Ngoc Anh Hoang, Friederike Richter, Martin Schubert, Stefan Lorkowski, Lars-Oliver Klotz, Holger Steinbrenner
PURPOSE: Excessive storage of triacylglycerides (TAGs) in lipid droplets within hepatocytes is a hallmark of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), one of the most widespread metabolic disorders in Western societies. For the purpose of exploring molecular pathways in NAFLD development and testing potential drug candidates, well-characterised experimental models of ectopic TAG storage in hepatocytes are needed. METHODS: Using an optimised Oil Red O assay, immunoblotting and real-time qRT-PCR, we compared the capability of dietary monosaccharides and fatty acids to promote lipid accumulation in HepG2 human hepatoma cells...
October 27, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Ligia J Dominguez, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Estefania Toledo, Alfredo Gea, Ujue Fresán, Mario Barbagallo, Miguel A Martínez-González
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the association of dietary fiber intake (from different dietary sources) with all-cause mortality in a Mediterranean cohort. METHODS: We assessed 19,703 participants of the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) cohort (mean follow-up: 10.1 years). A validated 136-item FFQ was administered at baseline. We used Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for multiple socio-demographic, anthropometric, lifestyle factors, and prevalent conditions at baseline...
October 26, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Magali Rios-Leyvraz, Pascal Bovet, Murielle Bochud, Bernard Genin, Michel Russo, Michel F Rossier, René Tabin, Arnaud Chiolero
PURPOSE: Salt intake among children in Switzerland is unknown. The objectives of this study were to determine salt excretion and to identify the main dietary sources of salt intake among children in one region of Switzerland. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using a convenient sample of children 6-16 years of age in Valais, Switzerland, between 2016 and 2018. All children visiting several regional health care providers and without any clinical condition that could affect sodium intake or excretion were eligible...
October 19, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Katie L Barfoot, Gabrielle May, Daniel J Lamport, Jessie Ricketts, Patricia M Riddell, Claire M Williams
PURPOSE: Previous evidence suggests consumption of flavonoids, a sub-class of polyphenols, is associated with improved cognitive function across the lifespan. In particular, acute intervention of a flavonoid-rich wild blueberry (WBB) drink has been shown to boost executive function (EF), short-term memory and mood 2-6 h post-consumption in 7-10-year-old children. However, confirmation of the aspects of EF and memory susceptible to WBB ingestion is required, particularly during childhood, a critical period of neurological development...
October 16, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Mary Waterhouse, Bronwyn Hope, Lutz Krause, Mark Morrison, Melinda M Protani, Martha Zakrzewski, Rachel E Neale
PURPOSE: Variation in the human microbiome has been linked with a variety of physiological functions, including immune regulation and metabolism and biosynthesis of vitamins, hormones, and neurotransmitters. Evidence for extraskeletal effects of vitamin D has been accruing and it has been suggested that the effect of vitamin D on health is partially mediated through the microbiome. We aimed to critically evaluate the evidence linking vitamin D and the gastrointestinal microbiome. METHODS: We systematically searched the Embase, Web of Science, PubMed and CINAHL databases, including peer-reviewed publications that reported an association between a measure of vitamin D and the gastrointestinal microbiome in humans or experimental animals...
October 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
B Bendinelli, G Masala, R M Bruno, S Caini, C Saieva, A Boninsegni, A Ungar, L Ghiadoni, D Palli
In the original publication of the article have been published in an incorrect form. The correct form is given below.
October 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Katherine J P Schwenger, Colin M Bolzon, Carrie Li, Johane P Allard
Non-alcoholic fatty-liver disease (NAFLD) is now considered one of the leading causes of liver disease worldwide and is associated with metabolic syndrome and obesity. There are several factors contributing to the disease state. Recent research suggests that the intestinal microbiota (IM) and bacterial products may play a role through several mechanisms which include increased energy uptake, intestinal permeability and chronic inflammation. In addition to diet and exercise, treatment options targeting the IM are being investigated and include the use of pre-, pro- and synbiotics as well as the possibility of fecal microbial transfers...
October 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Mariadelina Simeoni, Maria Lucia Citraro, Annamaria Cerantonio, Francesca Deodato, Michele Provenzano, Paola Cianfrone, Maria Capria, Silvia Corrado, Emanuela Libri, Alessandro Comi, Arturo Pujia, Ludovico Abenavoli, Michele Andreucci, Massimo Cocchi, Tiziana Montalcini, Giorgio Fuiano
In the original publication of the article, few of the authors were missed in the author group.
October 9, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Wolfgang Bernhard, Christian F Poets, Axel R Franz
BACKGROUND: Choline is an essential nutrient, with increased requirements during development. It forms the headgroup of phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin in all membranes and many secretions. Phosphatidylcholine is linked to cell signaling as a phosphocholine donor to synthesize sphingomyelin from ceramide, a trigger of apoptosis, and is the major carrier of arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acid in plasma. Acetylcholine is important for neurodevelopment and the placental storage form for fetal choline supply...
October 8, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Poliana Cristina de Almeida Fonseca, Sarah Aparecida Vieira Ribeiro, Cristiana Santos Andreoli, Carolina Abreu de Carvalho, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Juliana Farias de Novaes, Silvia Eloisa Priore, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini
BACKGROUND: There has been little evidence of the influence of breastfeeding on childhood eating habits. AIM: To evaluate the association between duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EB) and consumption of ultra-processed foods, fruits and vegetables by Brazilian children. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study nested in a cohort of 403 children age 4-7 years. Food consumption was evaluated by three food records and the foods were grouped by the amount of processing involved (minimal, including fruit and vegetables to ultra-processed foods)...
October 6, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Philippine Fassier, Manon Egnell, Camille Pouchieu, Marie-Paule Vasson, Patrice Cohen, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Paule Latino-Martel, Serge Hercberg, Mélanie Deschasaux, Mathilde Touvier
BACKGROUND: Dietary supplements (DS) are largely consumed in Western countries without demonstrating their nutritional benefits and safety in the general population. The aims, in a large population-based study of French adults, were: (1) to compare the prevalence of nutrient intake inadequacy and the proportion of individuals exceeding tolerable upper intake levels (UL) between DS users and non-users, and (2) to quantify the extent of potentially "at-risk" DS use practices (e...
October 6, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Sabrina Mörkl, Andreas Meinitzer, Thomas Bernd Dschietzig, Harald Mangge, Sonja Lackner, Sandra Johanna Holasek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
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