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European Journal of Nutrition

Daiane Gonçalves de Oliveira, Fabiana de Faria Ghetti, Ana Paula Boroni Moreira, Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff, Juliano Machado de Oliveira, Lincoln Eduardo Villela Vieira de Castro Ferreira
PURPOSE: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by steatosis, lobular inflammation, ballooning, and in some cases, fibrosis, which can progress to cirrhosis and carcinoma. The progression of NASH is closely related to oxidative stress. Dietary intake of antioxidants has been suggested in protection against oxidative damage and related clinical complications. Thus, we evaluated the potential association of dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) with disease severity in NASH patients, as well as with anthropometric and body composition markers and biochemical parameters...
July 17, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Minerva Granado-Casas, Nuria Alcubierre, Mariona Martín, Jordi Real, Anna M Ramírez-Morros, Maribel Cuadrado, Núria Alonso, Mireia Falguera, Marta Hernández, Eva Aguilera, Albert Lecube, Esmeralda Castelblanco, Manel Puig-Domingo, Dídac Mauricio
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess food intake and adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in patients with T1D compared with nondiabetic individuals. METHODS: This was an observational, multicenter study in 262 T1D subjects and 254 age- and sex-matched nondiabetic subjects. A validated food-frequency questionnaire was administered. The alternate Mediterranean Diet Score (aMED) and alternate Healthy Eating Index (aHEI) were assessed. The clinical variables were also collected...
July 17, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Domenico Tricò, Silvia Frascerra, Simona Baldi, Alessandro Mengozzi, Lorenzo Nesti, Andrea Mari, Andrea Natali
AIMS: Eating protein before carbohydrate reduces postprandial glucose excursions by enhancing insulin and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion in type 2 diabetes (T2D). We tested the hypothesis that this insulinotropic effect depends on the elevation of plasma amino acids (AA) after the digestion of food protein. METHODS: In 16 T2D patients, we measured plasma AA levels through the course of two 75-g oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) preceded by either 500-ml water or a high-protein nutrient preload (50-g Parmesan cheese, one boiled egg, and 300-ml water)...
July 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Anja S Hoefle, Adina M Bangert, Manuela J Rist, Kurt Gedrich, Yu-Mi Lee, Thomas Skurk, Jürgen Danier, Uwe Schwarzenbolz, Hannelore Daniel
PURPOSE: Whey protein was shown to reduce blood glucose responses in humans and various other positive effects have been attributed to this protein. In contrast, studies using glycomacropeptide (GMP) as part of the whey fraction of bovine milk are rare. We, therefore, studied the postprandial responses to GMP administration in humans with impaired glucose tolerance compared to the effects of pure whey protein in a random design. METHODS: Fifteen prediabetic volunteers received on different occasions one of three test drinks containing 50 g of maltodextrin19 (MD19) alone or in combination with either 50 g GMP or 50 g whey protein isolate (WPI)...
July 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Pilar Amiano, Esther Molina-Montes, Amaia Molinuevo, José-María Huerta, Dora Romaguera, Esther Gracia, Vicente Martín, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Victor Moreno, Jesús Castilla, Inés Gómez-Acebo, José J Jiménez-Moleón, Guillermo Fernández-Tardón, M Dolores Chirlaque, Rocío Capelo, Lola Salas, Mikel Azpiri, Tania Fernández-Villa, Xavier Bessa, Nuria Aragonés, Mireia Obón-Santacana, Marcela Guevara, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, Rocío Barrios-Rodríguez, Antonio J Molina de la Torre, Ana-Belén Vega, Marina Pollán, Manolis Kogevinas, María José Sánchez
PURPOSE: Studies attempting to link dietary non-enzymatic antioxidant activity (NEAC) and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk have reported mixed results. We examined this association in the Spanish Multicase-Control Study considering the likely influence of coffee and other dietary factors. METHODS: 1718 CRC cases and 3312 matched-controls provided information about diet through a validated 140-item food frequency questionnaire. Dietary NEAC was estimated for three methods [total radical-trapping antioxidant parameters (TRAP), ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) and TEAC-ABTS] using published values of NEAC content in food, with and without coffee's NEAC...
July 11, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Renying Xu, Yiquan Zhou, Yun Li, Xiaomin Zhang, Zhiqi Chen, Yanping Wan, Xiang Gao
PURPOSE: Only a few studies examined the relationship between snack cost and change in the percentage of body fat in children. We thus conducted a longitudinal study to investigate whether high snack cost is associated with fast increase in the percentage of body fat in Chinese children. METHODS: The study included 2368 children (1126 girls and 1242 boys, aged 6-14 years). Percentage of body fat was repeatedly assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis in 2014 (baseline), 2015 and 2016...
July 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Lukas Schwingshackl, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Heiner Boeing
PURPOSE: We aimed to synthesize the evidence on the relation between different types of potato consumption with risk of all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, type 2 diabetes (T2D), colorectal cancer (CRC), and hypertension. METHODS: Systematic searches until May 2018 were conducted in PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science. Random effects meta-analyses comparing extreme categories, linear and non-linear dose-response analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Twenty-eight reports were identified...
July 9, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Joshua D Lambert, Sarah R VanDusen, Jennie E Cockroft, Elizabeth C Smith, Darren C Greenwood, Janet E Cade
PURPOSE: There is variability in sensitivity to bitter tastes. Taste 2 Receptor (TAS2R)38 binds to bitter tastants including phenylthiocarbamide (PTC). Many foods with putative cancer preventive activity have bitter tastes. We examined the relationship between PTC sensitivity or TAS2R38 diplotype, food intake, and cancer risk in the UK Women's Cohort Study. METHODS: PTC taste phenotype (n = 5500) and TAS238 diplotype (n = 750) were determined in a subset of the cohort...
July 6, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Janet Warren, Isabelle Guelinckx, Barbara Livingstone, Nancy Potischman, Michael Nelson, Emma Foster, Bridget Holmes
In the original publication of the article, a mistake was introduced in affiliation of Dr. Michael Nelson.
July 5, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Laura A Calvo-Castro, Nadine Sus, Christina Schiborr, Anja Bosy-Westphal, Maria Luisa Duran, Doris Fesenmeyer, Gerhard Fesenmeyer, Jan Frank
PURPOSE: In this study, we investigated the absorption and excretion kinetics of antioxidant dietary phytochemicals (vitamin E, γ-oryzanol, and ferulic acid) in healthy humans after the ingestion of an oatmeal porridge supplemented with rice bran extract (RBE) prepared with water or with whole milk, and we compared it with the intake of an equivalent dose of the rice bran content, in the form of RBE oil. METHODS: Twelve healthy volunteers (6 men and 6 women) orally ingested RBE oil (2 g) or RBE-enriched porridge (35 g, including 2-g RBE) with water or with milk, in a three-armed, crossover trial...
July 5, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Monica Dinu, Giuditta Pagliai, Alessandro Casini, Francesco Sofi
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review all the available evidence from prospective cohort studies that investigated the association between consumption of food groups and the occurrence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: We conducted an electronic literature search through MedLine, Embase, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and bibliographies of retrieved articles up to January, 2018. Studies were included if they analysed prospectively the association between consumption of food groups and AMD...
July 5, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Aline B Arouca, Alba M Santaliestra-Pasías, Luis A Moreno, Ascensión Marcos, Kurt Widhalm, Dénes Molnár, Yannis Manios, Frederic Gottrand, Anthony Kafatos, Mathilde Kersting, Michael Sjöström, Ángel Gutiérrez Sáinz, Marika Ferrari, Inge Huybrechts, Marcela González-Gross, Maria Forsner, Stefaan De Henauw, Nathalie Michels
AIM: To assess if a healthy diet might attenuate the positive sedentary-inflammation relation, whereas an unhealthy diet may increase the effect of sedentary behaviors on inflammatory biomarkers. METHODS: In 618 adolescents (13-17 years) of the European HELENA study, data were available on body composition, a set of inflammation markers, and food intake assessed by a self-administered computerized 24 h dietary recall for 2 days. A 9-point Mediterranean diet score and an antioxidant-rich diet z-score were used as dietary indices and tested as moderators...
July 4, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
D Briskey, A Sax, A R Mallard, A Rao
PURPOSE: Curcumin has been shown to deliver protective effects against numerous degenerative conditions associated with high levels of inflammation and oxidative stress. Owing to its poor bioavailability when delivered orally, it is difficult to deliver a high concentration therapeutic dose. LipiSperse® is a novel delivery system that uses dispersion technology to enhance bioavailability of hydrophobic agents. In this study, we investigated the pharmacokinetics of a commercially available curcumin extract, with or without the curcumin-LipiSperse® delivery complex...
July 4, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Ive Nerhus, Mathilde Odland, Marian Kjellevold, Lisa Kolden Midtbø, Maria Wik Markhus, Ingvild Eide Graff, Øyvind Lie, Ingrid Kvestad, Livar Frøyland, Lisbeth Dahl, Jannike Øyen
PURPOSE: Iodine is an essential trace element necessary for thyroid hormone synthesis. Iodine deficiency is a continuing public health problem despite international efforts to eliminate it. Studies on iodine status in preschoolers are scarce. Thus, the aims of the current study were to determine the iodine status and to investigate possible associations between urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and estimated 24 h iodine extraction (UIE) and iodine-rich foods. METHODS: Data are cross-sectional baseline data, obtained from the two-armed randomized controlled dietary trial "Fish Intervention Studies-KIDS" (FINS-KIDS) conducted in Bergen, Norway...
July 4, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
M Armbruster, M Rist, S Seifert, L Frommherz, C Weinert, C Mack, A Roth, B Merz, D Bunzel, R Krüger, S Kulling, B Watzl, A Bub
PURPOSE: Differences in resting energy expenditure (REE) between men and women mainly result from sex-related differences in lean body mass (LBM). So far, a little is known about whether REE and LBM are reflected by a distinct human metabolite profile. Therefore, we aimed to identify plasma and urine metabolite patterns that are associated with REE and LBM of healthy subjects. METHODS: We investigated 301 healthy male and female subjects (18-80 years) under standardized conditions in the cross-sectional KarMeN (Karlsruhe Metabolomics and Nutrition) study...
July 4, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Asma Salari-Moghaddam, Bagher Larijani, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Myoungjin Son, Jianping Wu
PURPOSE: Excessive formation of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), a pro-inflammatory cytokine, has been implicated in the development of insulin resistance in obesity and type-2 diabetes. In skeletal muscle, chronic exposure to TNF-α impairs insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and insulin signaling. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of enzymatic egg white hydrolysate (EWH) and its responsible peptide, IRW, on TNF-α-induced insulin resistance and the underlying molecular mechanisms using rat skeletal muscle cells (L6 cells)...
June 28, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Kentaro Murakami, M Barbara E Livingstone, Satoshi Sasaki
OBJECTIVE: Associations between the overall quality of Japanese diets and metabolic risk factors are largely unknown. This cross-sectional study investigated this issue using data from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed by a 1-day weighed dietary record in 15,618 Japanese adults aged ≥ 20 years. Overall diet quality was assessed by adherence to the Japanese Food Guide Spinning Top (JFG score), its modified version (modified JFG score), the Mediterranean diet score (MDS) and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score...
June 27, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
B Bendinelli, G Masala, R M Bruno, S Caini, C Saieva, A Boninsegni, A Ungar, L Ghiadoni, D Palli
PURPOSE: Several foods and nutrients have been independently associated with systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure values. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of combined dietary habits on SBP and DBP values in a large cohort of healthy adults, with a cross-sectional design. Adherence of participants to four a priori dietary patterns was considered: the Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010); the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH); the Greek Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS); and the Italian Mediterranean Index (IMI)...
June 27, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Christian Trummer, Verena Schwetz, Martina Kollmann, Monika Wölfler, Julia Münzker, Thomas R Pieber, Stefan Pilz, Annemieke C Heijboer, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch, Elisabeth Lerchbaum
PURPOSE: Vitamin D status may be associated with insulin resistance and other key features of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), but data from preliminary randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are conflicting. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effects of vitamin D supplementation on plasma glucose area under the curve (AUCgluc, primary outcome measure) and on other metabolic and endocrine parameters (secondary outcome measures). METHODS: This study was a single-center, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial conducted between December 2011 and July 2017 at the Medical University of Graz, Austria...
June 26, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
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