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European Journal of Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534168/father-s-obesity-programs-the-adipose-tissue-in-the-offspring-via-the-local-renin-angiotensin-system-and-mapks-pathways-especially-in-adult-male-mice
#1
Fernanda Ornellas, Isabele Bringhenti, Brenda Akemi N F Mattos, Carlos Alberto Mandarim-de-Lacerda, Marcia Barbosa Aguila
PURPOSE: Studies demonstrated the influence of mother's obesity on offspring. However, the father is also related to programming the future generation. The study aimed to evaluate the effects of father's obesity upon white adipose tissue (WAT) remodeling, resulting in activation of signaling pathways and inflammation in male and female offspring. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice received control diet (lean father group; 17% energy from lipids) or high-fat diet (obese father group; 49% energy from lipids) for 8 weeks before mating...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526925/polyphenolic-extract-attenuates-fatty-acid-induced-steatosis-and-oxidative-stress-in-hepatic-and-endothelial-cells
#2
Laura Vergani, Giulia Vecchione, Francesca Baldini, Elena Grasselli, Adriana Voci, Piero Portincasa, Pier Francesco Ferrari, Bahar Aliakbarian, Alessandro A Casazza, Patrizia Perego
PURPOSE: Phenolic compounds (PC) of virgin olive oil exert several biochemical and pharmacological beneficial effects. Some dietary PC seem to prevent/improve obesity and metabolic-related disorders such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We investigated the possible effects of PC extracted from olive pomace (PEOP) and of the main single molecules present in the extract (tyrosol, apigenin, oleuropein, p-coumaric and caffeic acid) in protecting hepatocytes and endothelial cells against triglyceride accumulation and oxidative stress...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523372/dietary-eicosapentaenoic-acid-normalizes-hippocampal-omega-3-and-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-profile-attenuates-glial-activation-and-regulates-bdnf-function-in-a-rodent-model-of-neuroinflammation-induced-by-central-interleukin-1%C3%AE-administration
#3
Yilong Dong, Min Xu, Allan V Kalueff, Cai Song
PURPOSE: Interleukin (IL)-1β can activate glial cells to trigger neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. Lower omega (n)-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and lower n-3/n-6 PUFA ratios occur in the brain of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have previously reported that an n-3 PUFA, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), can improve memory and attenuate neurodegeneration-like changes in animal models of AD. However, whether and how EPA modulates glial cell activity and functions remains unclear...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516253/comparison-of-the-effects-of-three-different-baccaurea-angulata-whole-fruit-juice-doses-on-plasma-aorta-and-liver-mda-levels-antioxidant-enzymes-and-total-antioxidant-capacity
#4
Muhammad Ibrahim, Maryam Abimbola Mikail, Idris Adewale Ahmed, Norazlanshah Hazali, Mohammad Syaiful Bahari Abdul Rasad, Radiah Abdul Ghani, Ridzwan Hashim, Solachuddin Jahuari Arief, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa, Samsul Draman
PURPOSE: Baccaurea angulata (common names: belimbing dayak or belimbing hutan) is a Malaysian underutilized fruit. The preliminary work on B. angulata fruit juice showed that it possesses antioxidant properties. Therefore, further work is needed to confirm the efficacy and proper dosage of B. angulata as a potential natural antioxidant. The present study was thus carried out to compare the effects of three different B. angulata whole fruit (WF) juice doses administered at nutritional doses of 0...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501922/sepp1-polymorphisms-modulate-serum-glucose-and-lipid-response-to-brazil-nut-supplementation
#5
Janaina L S Donadio, Marcelo M Rogero, Elvira M Guerra-Shinohara, Charles Desmarchelier, Patrick Borel, Silvia M F Cozzolino
PURPOSE: The consumption of Brazil nuts has been associated with benefits to lipid metabolism and reductions in total cholesterol and LDL concentrations. They are the richest natural source of selenium which has essential functions in human physiology. Genetic polymorphisms in Selenoprotein P could impair lipid and glucose metabolisms. The aim of this work was to verify the influence of polymorphisms in genes for selenoproteins on blood lipid levels after dietary supplementation with Brazil nuts in healthy adults...
May 13, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501921/cranberry-vaccinium-macrocarpon-extract-treatment-improves-triglyceridemia-liver-cholesterol-liver-steatosis-oxidative-damage-and-corticosteronemia-in-rats-rendered-obese-by-high-fat-diet
#6
Thamara C Peixoto, Egberto G Moura, Elaine de Oliveira, Patrícia N Soares, Deysla S Guarda, Dayse N Bernardino, Xu Xue Ai, Vanessa da S T Rodrigues, Gabriela Rodrigues de Souza, Antonio Jorge Ribeiro da Silva, Mariana S Figueiredo, Alex C Manhães, Patrícia C Lisboa
PURPOSE: Obese individuals have higher production of reactive oxygen species, which leads to oxidative damage. We hypothesize that cranberry extract (CE) can improve this dysfunction in HFD-induced obesity in rats since it has an important antioxidant activity. Here, we evaluated the effects of CE in food intake, adiposity, biochemical and hormonal parameters, lipogenic and adipogenic factors, hepatic morphology and oxidative balance in a HFD model. METHODS: At postnatal day 120 (PN120), male Wistar rats were assigned into two groups: (1) SD (n = 36) fed with a standard diet and (2) HFD (n = 36), fed with a diet containing 44...
May 13, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488131/erratum-to-coffee-tea-and-caffeine-intake-and-the-risk-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-a-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis
#7
Saverio Caini, Maria Sofia Cattaruzza, Benedetta Bendinelli, Giulio Tosti, Giovanna Masala, Patrizia Gnagnarella, Melania Assedi, Ignazio Stanganelli, Domenico Palli, Sara Gandini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488130/fish-consumption-intake-of-fats-and-cognitive-decline-at-middle-and-older-age-the-doetinchem-cohort-study
#8
Astrid C J Nooyens, Boukje M van Gelder, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Martin P J van Boxtel, W M Monique Verschuren
PURPOSE: To get insight in the impact of fish and fat intake in the prevention of accelerated cognitive decline with ageing, we tested associations between fish and different fat intakes and 5-year change in cognitive functions. METHODS: In 2612 men and women of the Doetinchem Cohort Study, aged 43-70 years at baseline, dietary intake (including fish consumption) and cognitive function were assessed at baseline and at 5-year follow-up. Average fish consumption (frequency) and intakes (as energy percentages) of total fat, saturated, mono unsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), linoleic, docosahexaenoic, eicosapentaenoic, and a-linolenic acid (ALA), and cholesterol were averaged over baseline and follow-up...
May 9, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474121/optimal-nutrition-and-the-ever-changing-dietary-landscape-a-conference-report
#9
A Shao, A Drewnowski, D C Willcox, L Krämer, C Lausted, M Eggersdorfer, J Mathers, J D Bell, R K Randolph, R Witkamp, J C Griffiths
The field of nutrition has evolved rapidly over the past century. Nutrition scientists and policy makers in the developed world have shifted the focus of their efforts from dealing with diseases of overt nutrient deficiency to a new paradigm aimed at coping with conditions of excess-calories, sedentary lifestyles and stress. Advances in nutrition science, technology and manufacturing have largely eradicated nutrient deficiency diseases, while simultaneously facing the growing challenges of obesity, non-communicable diseases and aging...
May 5, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474120/dietary-polyphenol-intake-and-risk-of-hypertension-in-the-polish-arm-of-the-hapiee-study
#10
Giuseppe Grosso, Urszula Stepaniak, Agnieszka Micek, Magdalena Kozela, Denes Stefler, Martin Bobak, Andrzej Pajak
PURPOSE: Dietary polyphenols have been studied for their potential effects on metabolic disorders, but studies on risk of hypertension are scarce. This study aimed to test the association between total and individual classes of dietary polyphenols and incidence of hypertension in the Polish arm of the Health, Alcohol and Psychosocial factors In Eastern Europe (HAPIEE) study. METHODS: A total of 2725 participants free of hypertension at baseline were tested for blood pressure or taking hypertensive medication within the last 2 weeks at 2-4-year follow-up visit...
May 4, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456846/comparison-of-urinary-iodine-levels-in-women-of-childbearing-age-during-and-after-pregnancy
#11
Ane Miren Castilla, Mario Murcia, Juan José Arrizabalaga, Mercedes Espada, Jordi Julvez, Mikel Basterrechea, Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol, Marisa Estarlich, Elena Moreno, Mònica Guxens, Jesús Vioque, Marisa Rebagliato
PURPOSE: Median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) is used to describe the iodine status of a population. However, the link between UIC and iodine intake may vary during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to compare UIC during and after pregnancy, adjusting for factors that affect iodine intake. METHODS: Two repeated measures of UIC and data on maternal iodine intake estimated through questionnaires were collected during pregnancy and 1-4 years after pregnancy in a subsample of women (n = 598) from a mother and child cohort study in Spain...
April 29, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447203/the-effectiveness-of-daily-supplementation-with-400-or-800%C3%A2-%C3%A2%C2%B5g-day-folate-in-reaching-protective-red-blood-folate-concentrations-in-non-pregnant-women-a-randomized-trial
#12
Rima Obeid, Christiane Schön, Manfred Wilhelm, Klaus Pietrzik, Stefan Pilz
PURPOSE: Folate required to achieve desirable red blood cell (RBC) folate concentrations within 4-8 weeks pre-pregnancy is not known. We studied the effect of supplementation with 400 or 800 µg/day folate in achieving RBC-folate ≥906 nmol/L. METHODS: Non-pregnant women were randomized to receive multinutrient supplements containing 400 µg/day (n = 100) or 800 µg/day (n = 101) folate [folic acid and (6S)-5-CH3-H4folate-Ca (1:1)]. The changes of folate biomarkers were studied after 4 and 8 weeks in the 198 women who returned at least for visit 2...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447202/exploring-the-relationship-between-perceived-barriers-to-healthy-eating-and-dietary-behaviours-in-european-adults
#13
M G M Pinho, J D Mackenbach, H Charreire, J-M Oppert, H Bárdos, K Glonti, H Rutter, S Compernolle, I De Bourdeaudhuij, J W J Beulens, J Brug, J Lakerveld
PURPOSE: Dietary behaviours may be influenced by perceptions of barriers to healthy eating. Using data from a large cross-European study (N = 5900), we explored associations between various perceived barriers to healthy eating and dietary behaviours among adults from urban regions in five European countries and examined whether associations differed across regions and socio-demographic backgrounds. METHODS: Frequency of consumption of fruit, vegetables, fish, fast food, sugar-sweetened beverages, sweets, breakfast and home-cooked meals were split by the median into higher and lower consumption...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439667/myricetin-induced-brown-adipose-tissue-activation-prevents-obesity-and-insulin-resistance-in-db-db-mice
#14
Tao Hu, Xiaoxue Yuan, Gang Wei, Haoshu Luo, Hyuek Jong Lee, Wanzhu Jin
PURPOSE: Myricetin, a dietary flavonoid, is effective in the treatment of obesity and insulin resistance by increasing glucose transport and lipogenesis in adipocyte and diminishing systemic inflammation in obesity. However, it has not been revealed yet whether myricetin is associated with brown adipose tissue (BAT) activation that tightly mediates systemic energy metabolism. Therefore, this study assessed whether myricetin activated brown adipose tissue in db/db mouse. METHODS: Myricetin (400 mg/kg) in distilled water was fed daily by oral gavage to leptin receptor-deficient db/db male mice at 4 weeks of age for 14 weeks...
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439666/reply-to-letter-to-the-editor-to-maternal-vitamin-d-status-during-pregnancy-in-europe-the-two-sides-of-the-story
#15
LETTER
Hauta-Alus Hh, Holmlund-Suila Em, Andersson S, Mäkitie Om, Viljakainen Ht
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439665/maternal-vitamin-d-status-during-pregnancy-in-europe-the-two-sides-of-the-story
#16
LETTER
Spyridon N Karras, Carol L Wagner, Elena Angeloudi, Kalliopi Kotsa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434035/does-soy-protein-affect-circulating-levels-of-unbound-igf-1
#17
REVIEW
Mark Messina, Pamela Magee
INTRODUCTION: Despite the enormous amount of research that has been conducted on the role of soyfoods in the prevention and treatment of chronic disease, the mechanisms by which soy exerts its physiological effects are not fully understood. The clinical data show that neither soyfoods nor soy protein nor isoflavones affect circulating levels of reproductive hormones in men or women. However, some research suggests that soy protein, but not isoflavones, affects insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-1)...
April 22, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434034/erratum-to-houttuynia-cordata-aqueous-extract-attenuated-glycative-and-oxidative-stress-in-heart-and-kidney-of-diabetic-mice
#18
Cheng-Chin Hsu, Hui-Ting Yang, Jing-Jing Ho, Mei-Chin Yin, Jen-Ying Hsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429081/cognitive-and-mood-improvements-following-acute-supplementation-with-purple-grape-juice-in-healthy-young-adults
#19
C F Haskell-Ramsay, R C Stuart, E J Okello, A W Watson
PURPOSE: Berry-derived phenolic compounds found in grapes have been associated with a number of health benefits, including the augmentation of human brain function and cognition. Previous intervention studies of Concord grape juice have demonstrated improvement to memory and driving ability following 3- to 4-month supplementation in middle-aged and older adults. However, no studies to date have demonstrated acute cognitive benefits of grape juice, and investigation of these effects in young adults is lacking...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429080/effect-of-gpr84-deletion-on-obesity-and-diabetes-development-in-mice-fed-long-chain-or-medium-chain-fatty-acid-rich-diets
#20
Eugene Du Toit, Liam Browne, Helen Irving-Rodgers, Helen M Massa, Nicolette Fozzard, Michael P Jennings, Ian R Peak
PURPOSE: Although there is good evidence showing that diets rich in medium chain fatty acids (MCFAs) have less marked obesogenic and diabetogenic effects than diets rich in long chain fatty acids (LCFAs), the role of the pro-inflammatory, medium chain fatty acid receptor (GPR84) in the aetiology of obesity and glucose intolerance is not well characterised. We set out to determine whether GPR84 expression influences obesity and glucose intolerance susceptibility in MCFA and LCFA rich diet fed mice...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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