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Journal of Clinical Hypertension

Norm R C Campbell, Pedro Ordunez, Donald J DiPette, Gloria P Giraldo, Sonia Y Angell, Marc G Jaffe, Dan Lackland, Ramón Martinez, Yamilé Valdez, Javier I Maldonado Figueredo, Melanie Paccot, Maria J Santana, Paul K Whelton
The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)-World Hypertension League (WHL) Hypertension Monitoring and Evaluation Framework is summarized. Standardized indicators are provided for monitoring and evaluating national or subnational hypertension control programs. Five core indicators from the World Health Organization hearts initiative and a single PAHO-WHL core indicator are recommended to be used in all hypertension control programs. In addition, hypertension control programs are encouraged to select from 14 optional qualitative and 33 quantitative indicators to facilitate progress towards enhanced hypertension control...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Brent M Egan, Jiexiang Li, Robert A Davis, Kevin A Fiscella, Jonathan N Tobin, Daniel W Jones, Angelo Sinopoli
The US Preventive Services Task Force cholesterol guideline recommended statins for fewer adults than the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline by setting a higher 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease threshold (≥10.0% vs ≥7.5%) and requiring concomitant diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, or cigarette smoking. The 2017 ACC/AHA hypertension guideline lowered the hypertension threshold, increasing 2016 guideline statin-eligible adults. Cross-sectional data on US adults aged 40 to 75 years enabled estimated numbers for the 2013 guideline and 2016 guideline with hypertension thresholds of ≥140/≥90 mm Hg and ≥130/80 mm Hg, respectively, on: (1) untreated, statin-eligible adults for primary atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease prevention (25...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Jean Damascene Kabakambira, Zachee Niyonsenga, Marthe Hategeka, Grace Igiraneza, Genevieve Benurugo, Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno, Celestin Hategeka
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of mortality globally. Hypertension is a known modifiable risk factor for CVD. Diagnosis and management of hypertension hinges upon accurate blood pressure (BP) measurement. In this study, we assessed performance to recommended guidelines for BP measurement in Rwanda. In 2017, a cross-sectional study investigating performance on 11 techniques recommended for BP measurement was undertaken across outpatient settings of 3 departments at the University Teaching Hospital of Kigali, Rwanda...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Yueh-Hung Lin, Kuo-Tzu Sung, Cheng-Ting Tsai, Pei-Chen Wu, Yau-Huei Lai, Chi-In Lo, Fa-Chang Yu, Hsu-Ping Wu, Wei-Ran Lan, Jen-Yuan Kuo, Charles Jia-Yin Hou, Chi-Hsuan Yen, Ming-Cheng Peng, Ta-Chuan Hung, Chung-Lieh Hung, Edward Lai, Hung-I Yeh
The authors consecutively assessed various arterial pulse-wave velocity (PWV) indices and ankle-brachial index (ABI) by an automatic device (VP2000, OMRON Health Care Co. Ltd., Kyota, Japan) in outpatients with ≥ 1 cardiovascular risk. PAD was defined as ABI ≤ 0.9. Among 2309 outpatients (mean age 62.4 years), worse renal function was associated with higher brachial-ankle PWV, heart-carotid PWV, heart-femoral PWV (hf-PWV), and lower ABI (all P < .001). Multivariate regression models showed independent associations between lower eGFR, lower ABI (Coef: 0...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Attila Kovács, Andrea Ágnes Molnár, Márton Kolossváry, Bálint Szilveszter, Alexisz Panajotu, Bálint Károly Lakatos, Levente Littvay, Ádám Domonkos Tárnoki, Dávid László Tárnoki, Szilard Voros, György Jermendy, Partho P Sengupta, Béla Merkely, Pál Maurovich-Horvat
We sought to assess the inheritance of left ventricular (LV) function using speckle-tracking echocardiography and the impact of hypertension on modifying the genetically determined pattern of contraction in a population of twins. We recruited 92 Caucasian twin pairs, including 74 hypertensive (HTN) siblings. Beyond standard echocardiographic protocol, a speckle-tracking analysis was performed, including global longitudinal strain (GLS). Systolic function, as assessed by ejection fraction, showed moderate heritability (61%); however, GLS showed higher and dominant heritability (75%)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Thomas D Giles, John B Kostis, Camilo Fernandez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Beatriz Moreno, Ana Paula de Faria, Alessandra Mileni Versuti Ritter, Lara Buonalumi Tacito Yugar, Silvia Elaine Ferreira-Melo, Rivadavio Amorim, Rodrigo Modolo, André Fattori, Juan Carlos Yugar-Toledo, Antonio Coca, Heitor Moreno
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c ) on flow-mediated dilation, intima-media thickness, pulse wave velocity, and left ventricular mass index in patients with resistant hypertension (RHTN) comparing RHTN-controlled diabetes mellitus and RHTN-uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus. Two groups were formed: HbA1c <7.0% (RHTN-controlled diabetes mellitus: n = 98) and HbA1c ≥7.0% (RHTN-uncontrolled diabetes mellitus: n = 122). Intima-media thickness and flow-mediated dilation were measured by high-resolution ultrasound, left ventricular mass index by echocardiography, and arterial stiffness by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Briar McKenzie, Joseph Alvin Santos, Kathy Trieu, Sudhir Raj Thout, Claire Johnson, JoAnne Arcand, Jacqui Webster, Rachael McLean
The aim of the current review was to examine the scope of studies published in the Science of Salt Weekly that contained a measure of self-reported knowledge, attitudes, and behavior (KAB) concerning salt. Specific objectives were to examine how KAB measures are used to evaluate salt reduction intervention studies, the questionnaires used, and whether any gender differences exist in self-reported KAB. Studies were reviewed from the commencement of Science of Salt Weekly, June 2013 to the end of August 2017...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Konstantinos Stavropoulos, Konstantinos P Imprialos, Niki Katsiki, Konstantinos Petidis, Apostolos Kamparoudis, Panagiotis Petras, Vasiliki Georgopoulou, Stefanos Finitsis, Christodoulos Papadopoulos, Vasilios G Athyros, Michael Doumas, Asterios Karagiannis
Primary aldosteronism (PA) is a common form of secondary hypertension. Several guidelines recommend that patients with adrenal incidentaloma have a high probability of suffering from PA. We conducted a prospective study of 269 consecutive adults with adrenal incidentaloma to investigate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of PA. In total, 9 participants were detected with PA, suggesting a prevalence of 3.35% among the study population. PA participants had a higher blood pressure level by 14/20.8 mm Hg and a lower serum potassium level by 0...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Xun Li, Weishe Zhang, Jianhua Lin, Huai Liu, Zujing Yang, Yincheng Teng, Si Duan, Xinxiu Lin, Yingming Xie, Yuanqiu Li, Liangqun Xie, Qiaozhen Peng, Lu Xia
Preeclampsia is a major cause of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes, but how to identify women and fetuses at increased risk for later adverse events is a challenge. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in women with preeclampsia. Data from 1396 women with preeclampsia were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Eighteen candidate risk factors and 12 adverse outcomes were investigated. The following factors were found to be significantly associated with at least one adverse outcome: maternal age 35 years or older, multiple birth, the usage of assisted reproductive technology, living in a rural area, history of pregnancy-induced hypertension, male fetus, multigravida, or having polycystic ovary syndrome, hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count syndrome, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, cardiovascular disease, gestational diabetes mellitus, systemic lupus erythematosus, thyroid disease, or liver disease...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Marijana Tadic, Fosca Quarti-Trevano, Michele Bombelli, Rita Facchetti, Cesare Cuspidi, Giuseppe Mancia, Guido Grassi
The aim of the present study is to investigate the predictive value of pulse pressure (PP) on cardiovascular events in the general population and in both sexes, separately. The study involved 2045 participants from the PAMELA study who underwent 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring. The participants were followed from the initial medical visit for a time interval of 137 ± 23 months. It was found that office, home, and 24-hour blood pressures were significantly higher in the individuals who experienced cardiovascular (CV) events...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Abiodun M Adeoye, Bamidele O Tayo, Mayowa O Owolabi, Adewole A Adebiyi, Daniel T Lackland, Richard Cooper, Akinlolu Ojo, Gbenga Ogedegbe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Decio Armanini, Luciana Bordin, Gabriella Donà, Raffaele Pezzani, Alessandra Andrisani, Guido Ambrosini, Chiara Sabbadin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Joshua Samuels, Joyce Samuel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Marc G Jaffe, Thomas R Frieden, Norman R C Campbell, Kunihiro Matsushita, Lawrence J Appel, Daniel T Lackland, Xin Hua Zhang, Arumugam Muruganathan, Paul K Whelton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Sarantis Satsoglou, Konstantinos Tziomalos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Sumie Moriyama, Hidekatsu Yanai, Yu Takeuchi, Tatsuro Hayakawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Li-Ping Du, Zhong-Wei Cheng, Yu-Xuan Zhang, Ying Li, Dan Mei
Nonadherence to antihypertensive medication is considered as a reason of inadequate control of blood pressure. This meta-analysis aimed to systemically evaluate the impact of fixed-dose combination (FDC) therapy on hypertensive medication adherence compared with free-equivalent combination therapies. Articles were retrieved from MEDLINE and Embase databases using a combination of terms "fixed-dose combinations" and "adherence or compliance or persistence" and "hypertension or antihypertensive" from January 2000 to June 2017 without any language restriction...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Jia-Wen Hu, Yang Wang, Chao Chu, KeKe Wang, Yu Yan, Wenling Zheng, Qiong Ma, Jian-Jun Mu
Pentraxin-3 is a sensitive marker of inflammation that plays dual roles, pathogenic and cardioprotective, in the progression of cardiovascular diseases. Inflammation is intimately involved in salt-induced hypertension. We investigated the responses of pentraxin-3 to sodium and potassium supplementation to elucidate the potential role of pentraxin-3 in salt-induced hypertension. A total of 48 participants from northwest China were enrolled. All participants were maintained on a 3-day normal diet, which was sequentially followed by a 7-day low-sodium diet, a 7-day high-sodium diet, and a 7-day high-sodium plus potassium diet...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Simona Lattanzi, Francesco Brigo, Fabrizio Vernieri, Mauro Silvestrini
Alzheimer's disease is the most common type of dementia and one of the leading sources of disability and dependency in the elderly. Given the limited treatment options, understanding the role of modifiable risk factors implied in the disease pathogenesis is a worthwhile endeavor to limit its global burden. Recently, the variability of blood pressure has been suggested to be a significant determinant of brain alterations and a potential therapeutic target. The aim of this article is to review the clinical evidence on the association between visit-to-visit blood pressure variability and Alzheimer's disease, highlight the underlying mechanisms, and suggest future implications...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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