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Journal of Clinical Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317244/juxtaglomerular-cell-tumor-clinical-and-immunohistochemical-features
#1
Fen Wang, Chuan Shi, Yunying Cui, Chunyan Li, Anli Tong
Juxtaglomerular cell tumor (JGCT) is a rare tumor, with approximately 100 cases reported in the literature. The authors respectively studied the clinical data of 11 patients diagnosed with JGCT in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2004 to 2014, and investigated the immunohistochemical profiles in 10 tumors. Nine of the 11 patients were diagnosed before the age of 40 years. Hypertension was present in all patients, while hypokalemia occurred in seven of 11 patients. Computed tomography detected JGCTs with a sensitivity of 100%...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296043/the-interarm-blood-pressure-difference-do-we-know-enough-yet
#2
Christopher E Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296025/renal-denervation-beyond-the-bifurcation-the-effect-of-distal-ablation-placement-on-safety-and-blood-pressure
#3
Martine M A Beeftink, Wilko Spiering, Mark R De Jong, Pieter A Doevendans, Peter J Blankestijn, Arif Elvan, Jan-Evert Heeg, Michiel L Bots, Michiel Voskuil
Renal denervation may be more effective if performed distal in the renal artery because of smaller distances between the lumen and perivascular nerves. The authors reviewed the angiographic results of 97 patients and compared blood pressure reduction in relation to the location of the denervation. No significant differences in blood pressure reduction or complications were found between patient groups divided according to their spatial distribution of the ablations (proximal to the bifurcation in both arteries, distal to the bifurcation in one artery and distal in the other artery, or distal to the bifurcation in both arteries), but systolic ambulatory blood pressure reduction was significantly related to the number of distal ablations...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295936/correlating-the-relationship-between-interarm-systolic-blood-pressure-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors
#4
Wei Ma, Baowei Zhang, Ying Yang, Litong Qi, Lei Meng, Yan Zhang, Yong Huo
Interarm systolic blood pressure difference (IASBPD) can predict cardiovascular disease. To investigate the relationship between IASBPD and cardiovascular disease risk factors, a total of 1426 individuals were studied. Blood pressure was assessed simultaneously and IASBPD was expressed as the absolute difference value (|R-L|). Cardiovascular disease risk factors were compared between the high IASBPD group (IASBPD ≥10 mm Hg) and the normal IASBPD group (IASBPD <10 mm Hg). An increased prevalence of hypertension, body mass index, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure were observed in the high IASBPD group (P<...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294513/difference-in-evening-home-blood-pressure-between-before-dinner-and-at-bedtime-in-japanese-elderly-hypertensive-patients
#5
Takeshi Fujiwara, Satoshi Hoshide, Masafumi Nishizawa, Takefumi Matsuo, Kazuomi Kario
The authors evaluated the differences between evening home blood pressure (HBP) readings taken before dinner and those taken at bedtime, which were documented in a European and a Japanese guideline, respectively. Forty-eight patients (mean age, 76.4 years) measured their evening HBP twice each day (two measurements both before dinner and at bedtime) for 14 days. The authors defined the at-bedtime (B) minus the before-dinner (D) systolic HBP as the B-D difference. The mean B-D difference was -8.7 mm Hg (P<...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266781/influence-of-high-risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-adherence-to-antihypertensive-treatment-in-outpatients
#6
Camila G Righi, Denis Martinez, Sandro C Gonçalves, Miguel Gus, Leila B Moreira, Sandra C Fuchs, Flavio D Fuchs
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common cause of high blood pressure (BP). Many patients, however, have uncontrolled BP because of nonadherence to antihypertensive medication. The possibility that OSA influences adherence has not been investigated to date. The authors sought to explore the possible association between high risk of OSA and nonadherence. This study was carried out in a hypertension outpatient clinic. Adherence to medication, high risk of OSA, and sleepiness were evaluated in a cross-sectional study...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266770/feasibility-of-catheter-ablation-renal-denervation-in-mild-resistant-hypertension
#7
Shaojie Chen, Marcio Galindo Kiuchi, Willem-Jan Acou, Michael Derndorfer, Jiazhi Wang, Ruotian Li, Georgios Kollias, Martin Martinek, Tetsuaki Kiuchi, Helmut Pürerfellner, Shaowen Liu
Renal denervation (RDN) has been proposed as a novel interventional antihypertensive technique. However, existing evidence was mainly from patients with severe resistant hypertension. The authors aimed to evaluate the efficacy of RDN in patients with resistant hypertension with mildly elevated blood pressure (BP). Studies of RDN in patients with mild resistant hypertension (systolic office BP 140-160 mm Hg despite treatment with three antihypertensive drugs including one diuretic, or mean systolic BP by 24-hour ambulatory BP measurement [ABPM] 135-150 mm Hg) were included...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266769/is-the-blunted-fall-in-nighttime-heart-rate-a-marker-of-subclinical-cardiac-damage
#8
Cesare Cuspidi, Marijana Tadic, Carla Sala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247592/the-science-of-salt-a-regularly-updated-systematic-review-of%C3%A2-the-implementation-of-salt-reduction-interventions-march-august-2016
#9
Joseph Alvin Santos, Kathy Trieu, Thout Sudhir Raj, JoAnne Arcand, Claire Johnson, Jacqui Webster, Rachael McLean
This review aims to identify, summarize, and appraise studies reporting on the implementation of salt reduction interventions that were published between March and August 2016. Overall, 40 studies were included: four studies evaluated the impact of salt reduction interventions, while 36 studies were identified as relevant to the design, assessment, and implementation of salt reduction strategies. Detailed appraisal and commentary were undertaken on the four studies that measured the impact of the interventions...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247560/left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-athletes-and-hypertensive-patients
#10
REVIEW
Dragan Lovic, Puneet Narayan, Andreas Pittaras, Charles Faselis, Michael Doumas, Peter Kokkinos
Systemic hypertension and physical exercise are both associated with cardiac adaptations. The impact is most prominent on the left side of the heart, which hypertrophies leading to left ventricular hypertrophy. This article reviews structural and functional cardiac changes seen in hypertensive and athlete's hearts.
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247544/relationship-between-parental-hypertension-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-adolescents
#11
Jung Eun Yoo, Hye Soon Park
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between parental hypertension and cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents. The authors analyzed data of 554 adolescents aged 13 to 19 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013. The associations between parental hypertension and cardiometabolic abnormalities in adolescents were evaluated through multivariate logistic regression. Parental hypertension was noted in 16.2% of participants. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for overweight (OR, 2...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224730/the-concept-of-crosstalk-directed-embryological-target-mining-and-its-application-to-essential-hypertension-treatment-failures
#12
REVIEW
Alan Alper Sag, Oguzhan Sal, Yagmur Kilic, Emine Meltem Onal, Mehmet Kanbay
This review aims to introduce the novel concept of embryological target mining applied to interorgan crosstalk network genesis, and applies embryological target mining to multidrug-resistant essential hypertension (a prototype, complex, undertreated, multiorgan systemic syndrome) to uncover new treatment targets and critique why existing strategies fail. Briefly, interorgan crosstalk pathways represent the next frontier for target mining in molecular medicine. This is because stereotyped stepwise organogenesis presents a unique opportunity to infer interorgan crosstalk pathways that may be crucial to discovering novel treatment targets...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211216/low-dose-eplerenone-treatment-decreases-aortic-stiffness-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension
#13
Tatjana Kalizki, Bernhard M W Schmidt, Ulrike Raff, Annemarie Reinold, Thomas K Schwarz, Markus P Schneider, Roland E Schmieder, Andreas Schneider
Vascular damage is aggravated in animal models of hypertension with mineralocorticoid (MR) excess and in hypertensive patients with primary hyperaldosteronism. MR antagonism has shown to provide effective blood pressure (BP)-control in patients with treatment resistant hypertension (TRH), but the concurrent effects on the vasculature have not been examined. In a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled parallel-group study, 51 patients with TRH received either eplerenone 50 mg or placebo for 6 months together with additional antihypertensives titrated to achieve a BP target of <140/90 mm Hg...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194861/association-between-reduced-arterial-stiffness-and-preserved-diastolic-function-of-the-left-ventricle-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-patients
#14
Kyung-Taek Park, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Sohee Oh, Woo-Hyun Lim, Jae-Bin Seo, Woo-Young Chung, Sang-Hyun Kim, Myung-A Kim, Joo-Hee Zo
The aim of this study was to investigate whether arterial stiffness plays a role in retaining normal diastolic function in a middle-aged and elderly Korean population. A total of 267 patients without documented cardiovascular disease, 50 years and older (mean age, 57.3±6.3 years; 69.8% men) were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent both transthoracic echocardiography and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity measurement on the same day. Patients with septal annular peak velocity (e') ≥8 cm/s and left atrial volume index <34 mL/m(2) were considered as having normal diastolic function...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191704/implementing-standardized-performance-indicators-to-improve-hypertension-control-at-both-the-population-and-healthcare-organization-levels
#15
Norm Campbell, Pedro Ordunez, Marc G Jaffe, Marcelo Orias, Donald J DiPette, Pragna Patel, Nadia Khan, Oyere Onuma, Daniel T Lackland
The ability to reliably evaluate the impact of interventions and changes in hypertension prevalence and control is critical if the burden of hypertension-related disease is to be reduced. Previously, a World Hypertension League Expert Committee made recommendations to standardize the reporting of population blood pressure surveys. We have added to those recommendations and also provide modified recommendations from a Pan American Health Organization expert meeting for "performance indicators" to be used to evaluate clinical practices...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177196/end-stage-renal-disease-and-adherence-to-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-and-angiotensin-receptor-blockers-among-patients-with-diabetes
#16
Michal Shani, Shlomo Vinker, Leonid Feldman
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) have become standards of care for diabetic nephropathy. The authors assessed the association between treatment adherence to ACEIs and ARBs and the development of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The cohort comprised the 9895 members of the Central District of Clalit Health Services aged 40 to 70 years, diagnosed with diabetes before 2002, who filled at least four ACEI or ARB monthly prescriptions during 2002-2011. Forty-six percent of patients made 10 or more purchases a year...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165190/metabolic-syndrome-and-masked-hypertension-among-african-americans-the-jackson-heart-study
#17
Lisandro D Colantonio, D Edmund Anstey, April P Carson, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Marwah Abdalla, Mario Sims, Daichi Shimbo, Paul Muntner
The metabolic syndrome is associated with higher ambulatory blood pressure. The authors studied the association of metabolic syndrome and masked hypertension (MHT) among African Americans with clinic-measured systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) <140/90 mm Hg in the Jackson Heart Study. MHT was defined as daytime, nighttime, or 24-hour hypertension on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Among 359 participants not taking antihypertensive medication, the metabolic syndrome was associated with MHT (prevalence ratio, 1...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160382/association-between-nondipper-pulse-rate-and-measures-of-cardiac-overload-the-j-hop-study
#18
Yusuke Oba, Tomoyuki Kabutoya, Satoshi Hoshide, Kazuo Eguchi, Kazuomi Kario
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between nondipper pulse rate (PR) and hypertensive target organ damage. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was conducted in 940 high-risk Japanese patients enrolled in the Japan Morning Surge Home Blood Pressure Study. Nondipper PR was defined as (awake PR-sleep PR)/awake PR <0.1. The authors measured the patients' brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and left ventricular mass index (LVMI). The nondipper PR group (n=213) had a significantly higher prevalence of high BNP (≥35 pg/mL, 39...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139099/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-provides-a-new-insight-in-hypertensive-heart-disease
#19
LETTER
Marijana Tadic, Cesare Cuspidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139052/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-provides-new-insight-into-hypertensive-heart-disease-a-reply
#20
LETTER
Jonathan C L Rodrigues, Stephen Rohan, Amardeep Ghosh Dastidar, Adam Trickey, Gergely Szantho, Laura E K Ratcliffe, Amy E Burchell, Emma C Hart, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, Mark C K Hamilton, Angus K Nightingale, Julian F R Paton, Nathan E Manghat, David H MacIver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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