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Journal of Clinical Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238630/sex-differences-in-adherence-to-antihypertensive-treatment-in-patients-aged-above-55-the-french-league-against-hypertension-survey-flahs
#1
Mathilde Lefort, Lola Neufcourt, Bruno Pannier, Bernard Vaïsse, Sahar Bayat, Olivier Grimaud, Xavier Girerd
Despite the availability of efficient therapies to reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications, poor adherence to antihypertensive (anti-HTN) drugs is frequent, especially during the first year of treatment and among uncontrolled/resistant hypertensive patients. The aim of the study was to identify factors associated with adherence to anti-HTN treatment and to examine whether they differ across sex. A total of 2743 treated hypertensive participants to the cross-sectional Metascope survey (France, 2015) aged 55 years or more were included...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238616/drugs-don-t-work-in-patients-who-don-t-take-them
#2
Stephen P Glasser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30232837/relationship-between-water-and-salt-intake-osmolality-vasopressin-and-aldosterone-in-the-regulation-of-blood-pressure
#3
Decio Armanini, Luciana Bordin, Gabriella Dona', Alessandra Andrisani, Guido Ambrosini, Chiara Sabbadin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30232829/acute-effects-of-salt-on-blood-pressure-are-mediated-by-serum-osmolality
#4
Mehmet Kanbay, Gamze Aslan, Baris Afsar, Tuncay Dagel, Dimitrie Siriopol, Masanari Kuwabara, Said Incir, Volkan Camkiran, Bernardo Rodriguez-Iturbe, Miguel A Lanaspa, Adrian Covic, Richard J Johnson
It is classically thought that it is the amount of salt that is critical for driving acute blood pressure responses. However, recent studies suggest that blood pressure responses, at least acutely, may relate to changes in serum osmolality. Here, we test the hypothesis that acute blood pressure responses to salt can be altered by concomitant water loading. Ten healthy patients free of any disease and medication underwent 4 interventions each a week apart in which they took 300 mL of lentil soup with no salt (visit 1), lentil soup with 3 g salt (visit 2), or lentil soup with 3 g salt and 500 mL water (visit 3) or 750 mL water (visit 4)...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218491/circadian-rhythms-might-be-the-key-joint-role-in-intricate-effects-among-metabolic-syndrome-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-hypertension
#5
LETTER
Hui Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218486/autonomic-nervous-system-might-be-related-with-circadian-rhythms-and-have-the-intricate-effects-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-metabolic-syndrome
#6
LETTER
Xiaolong Zhao, Jian Guan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218482/para-perirenal-distribution-of-body-fat-is-associated-with-reduced-glomerular-filtration-rate-regardless-of-other-indices-of-adiposity-in-hypertensive-patients
#7
Giulio Geraci, Marta Maria Zammuto, Alessandro Mattina, Luca Zanoli, Calogero Geraci, Antonio Granata, Emilio Nardi, Pasquale Mario Fatuzzo, Santina Cottone, Giuseppe Mulè
Obesity is a well-known risk factor for the development and progression of chronic kidney disease. Recently, para-perirenal ultrasonographic fat thickness (PUFT) has shown to correlate with both total and visceral fat better than body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and other indices of obesity. Moreover, a local paracrine and mechanical action of the PUFT on kidney has been described in recent studies. Aim of our study was to assess the relationship between glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and PUFT in comparison with other anthropometric and ultrasonographic indices of adiposity...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216641/morbid-obesity-and-hypertension-the-role-of-perirenal-fat
#8
Maria Anastasia Ricci, Matteo Scavizzi, Stefano Ministrini, Stefano De Vuono, Giacomo Pucci, Graziana Lupattelli
Accumulation of fat in renal sinus and hilum is associated with hypertension development. We evaluated the relationship between perirenal fat and hypertension in a population of morbidly obese patients and the potential variations after sleeve-gastrectomy. Two hundred and eighty-four morbidly obese patients were included in the study, and 126 underwent sleeve-gastrectomy. At baseline and 10-12 months after surgery, we evaluated anthropometric parameters, blood pressure, glycometabolic, and lipidic assessment, and performed an ultrasonographic evaluation of visceral fat area and perirenal fat thickness...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216633/vascular-compliance-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-treated-with-spironolactone
#9
Ozgul Muneyyirci-Delale, Sherilyne Co, Nathaniel Winer
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age in the United States and has been associated with several diseases including cardiovascular disease, obesity, and glucose intolerance. In this study, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse pressure (vascular compliance), large artery elasticity, systemic vascular resistance (SVR), total vascular impedance (TVI), and body mass index (BMI) were measured before and after treatment with spironolactone in 10 women with PCOS...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30207044/letter-to-the-editor-on-antecedent-rest-may-not-be-necessary-for-automated-office-blood-pressure-at-lower-treatment-targets
#10
LETTER
Raj S Padwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203599/which-is-the-most-important-factor-in-the-relationship-between-cardiovascular-events-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-blood-pressure-level-blood-pressure-variability-or-baroreflex-sensitivity
#11
LETTER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203514/kidney-protective-effects-of-baroreflex-activation-therapy-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension
#12
Manuel Wallbach, Petra Zürbig, Hassan Dihazi, Gerhard A Müller, Rolf Wachter, Joachim Beige, Michael J Koziolek, Harald Mischak
Baroreflex activation therapy (BAT) is approved for the treatment of resistant hypertension. In addition to blood pressure (BP) reduction, pilot studies suggested several organoprotective effects of BAT. Thirty-two patients with resistant hypertension were prospectively treated with BAT. Besides office BP and 24-hour ambulatory BP (ABP) measurements, detection of a urinary proteome-based classifier (CKD273), which has been shown to predict chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression, was carried out at baseline and after 6 months of BAT...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194813/clinical-inertia-and-the-2017-aca-aha-guideline
#13
Dan R Berlowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194806/potential-need-for-expanded-pharmacologic-treatment-and-lifestyle-modification-services-under-the-2017-acc-aha-hypertension-guideline
#14
Matthew D Ritchey, Cathleen Gillespie, Gregory Wozniak, Christina M Shay, Angela M Thompson-Paul, Fleetwood Loustalot, Yuling Hong
Application of the 2017 ACC/AHA Hypertension Guideline expands the number of US adults requiring blood pressure (BP) management. The authors use 2011-2014 NHANES data to describe the population groups most affected by the new guideline, compared with the previous JNC-7 guideline, and describe the previous interaction with the health care sector among those adults recommended new or intensified pharmacologic treatment and/or lifestyle modification. The 2017 Hypertension Guideline reclassifies 32.3 million US adults as newly hypertensive and recommends BP-related treatment of 133...
September 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058256/increased-risk-of-cognitive-impairment-and-more-severe-brain-lesions-in-hypertensive-compared-to-non-hypertensive-patients-with-cerebral-small-vessel-disease
#15
Aleksandra M Pavlovic, Tatjana Pekmezovic, Jasna Zidverc Trajkovic, Gordana Tomic, Edita Cvitan, Nada Sternic
Although cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is traditionally associated with aging and hypertension (HT), there are patients exhibiting sporadic SVD, free of HT. We aimed to investigate the differences in clinical and neuroradiological presentation in SVD patients in reference to the presence of HT as a risk factor (RF). Vascular RF, cognitive and functional status were evaluated in a cohort of 424 patients. Patients were classified in two groups based on the presence of HT. Severity of vascular lesions was assessed using 1...
July 29, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30035383/ventricular-wall-stress-and-silent-myocardial-damage-are-associated-with-pulse-pressure-in-the-general-population
#16
Tetsuya Takahashi, Tetsuro Shishido, Ken Watanabe, Takayuki Sugai, Taku Toshima, Daisuke Kinoshita, Miyuki Yokoyama, Harutoshi Tamura, Satoshi Nishiyama, Hiroki Takahashi, Takanori Arimoto, Takuya Miyamoto, Tetsu Watanabe, Yoko Shibata, Tsuneo Konta, Yoshiyuki Ueno, Takeo Kato, Takamasa Kayama, Isao Kubota, Masafumi Watanabe
Pulse pressure (PP) is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and is associated with increased afterload and myocardial oxygen demand. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) are known as biomarkers indicating ventricular wall stress and silent myocardial damage. However, the association between PP and ventricular wall stress and silent myocardial damage in the general population is unclear. The authors enrolled 3504 patients who participated in a community-based annual health check...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009422/a-working-definition-of-white-coat-hypertension-must-include-nocturnal-blood-pressure
#17
Stefano Omboni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984891/prevalence-of-white-coat-and-masked-hypertension-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Jean Jacques Noubiap, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Jan René Nkeck, Ulrich Flore Nyaga, Jean Joel Bigna
Data on masked hypertension (MH) and white-coat hypertension (WCH) in African populations are needed to estimate the true prevalence of hypertension in these populations because they have the highest burden of the disease. We conducted the first systematic review and meta-analysis that summarized available data on the prevalence of WCH and MH in Africa. We searched PubMed and Scopus to identify all the articles published on MH and WCH in populations living in Africa from inception to November 30, 2017. We reviewed each study for methodological quality...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984877/the-epidemiological-magnitude-of-white-coat-hypertension-and-masked-hypertension-in-africa
#19
José R Banegas, Luis M Ruilope
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978543/the-importance-of-using-24-hour-and-nighttime-blood-pressure-for-the-identification-of-white-coat-hypertension-data-from-the-jackson-heart-study
#20
D Edmund Anstey, Lisandro D Colantonio, Yuichiro Yano, John N Booth Iii, Paul Muntner
We calculated the prevalence of white coat hypertension (WCH) using out-of-clinic blood pressure (BP) in the daytime period; daytime and 24-hour periods; and daytime, 24-hour, and nighttime periods among 199 African Americans with clinic-measured systolic/diastolic BP ≥140/90 mm Hg in the Jackson Heart Study. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was measured among participants with WCH and 374 participants with sustained normotension (ie, non-hypertensive clinic, daytime, 24-hour, and nighttime BP). The prevalence of WCH was 29...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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