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Journal of Clinical Hypertension

Lara B T Yugar, Beatriz Moreno, Heitor Moreno, José F Vilela-Martin, Juan C Yugar-Toledo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez, Miguel Ramirez-Jimenez, Valentin E Fernandez-Elias, Maria V Guio de Prada, Felix Morales-Palomo, Jesus G Pallares, Rachael K Nelson, Juan F Ortega
The authors determined the effect of high-intensity aerobic interval training on arterial stiffness and microvascular dysfunction in patients with metabolic syndrome with hypertension. Applanation tonometry was used to measure arterial stiffness and laser Doppler flowmetry to assess microvascular dysfunction before and after 6 months of stationary cycling (training group; n = 23) in comparison to a group that remained sedentary (control group; n = 23). While no variable improved in controls, hypertension fell from 79% (59%-91%) to 41% (24%-61%) in the training group, resulting in lower systolic and diastolic pressures than controls (-12 ± 3 and -6 ± 2 mm Hg, P < ...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Henrique C S Muela, Valeria A Costa-Hong, Mônica S Yassuda, Natália C Moraes, Claudia M Memória, Michel F Machado, Edson Bor-Seng-Shu, Ricardo C Nogueira, Alfredo J Mansur, Ayrton R Massaro, Ricardo Nitrini, Thiago A Macedo, Luiz A Bortolotto
Cognitive impairment and elevated arterial stiffness have been described in patients with arterial hypertension, but their association has not been well studied. We evaluated the correlation of arterial stiffness and different cognitive domains in patients with hypertension compared with those with normotension. We evaluated 211 patients (69 with normotension and 142 with hypertension). Patients were age matched and distributed according to their blood pressure: normotension, hypertension stage 1, and hypertension stage 2...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Takeshi Fujiwara, Satoshi Hoshide, Yuichiro Yano, Hiroshi Kanegae, Kazuomi Kario
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of morning and bedtime administration of valsartan/amlodipine combination therapy (80/5 mg) on nocturnal brachial and central blood pressure (BP) measured by ambulatory BP monitoring in patients with hypertension. This was a 16-week prospective, multicenter, randomized, open-label, crossover, noninferiority clinical trial. Patients underwent 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring at randomization, at switching, and at the end of the study. Twenty-three patients (mean age, 68...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Ivan Aprahamian, Eduardo Sassaki, Marília F Dos Santos, Rafael Izbicki, Rafael C Pulgrossi, Marina M Biella, Ana Camila N Borges, Marcela M Sassaki, Leonardo M Torres, Ícaro S Fernandez, Olívia A Pião, Paula L M Castro, Pedro A Fontenele, Mônica S Yassuda
The association between hypertension and frailty syndrome in older adults remains unclear. There is scarce information about the prevalence of hypertension among frail elderly patients or on its relationship with frailty. Up to one quarter of frail elderly patients present without comorbidity or disability, yet frailty is a leading cause of death. The knowledge and better control of frailty risk factors could influence prognosis. The present study evaluated: (1) the prevalence of hypertension in robust, prefrail, and frail elderly; and (2) factors that might be associated with frailty including hypertension...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Jack Ishak, Michael Rael, Henry Punzi, Alan Gradman, Lynn M Anderson, Mehul Patel, Sanjida Ali, William Ferguson, Joel Neutel
The single-pill combination (SPC) comprising nebivolol (5 mg), a vasodilatory β1 -selective antagonist/β3 -agonist, and valsartan (80 mg), a renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitor, is the only Food and Drug Administration-approved β-blocker/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitor SPC for hypertension. Additive effects of four nebivolol/valsartan SPC doses (5 mg/80 mg, 5/160 mg, 10/160 mg, 10/320 mg nebivolol/valsartan) were compared with five Food and Drug Administration-approved non-β-blocker/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitor SPCs (aliskiren/hydrochlorothiazide, aliskiren/amlodipine, valsartan/amlodipine, aliskiren/valsartan, and telmisartan/amlodipine)...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Ayman Khairy Mohamed Hassan, Hatem Abd-El Rahman, Kerolos Mohsen, Salwa R Dimitry
To evaluate the impact of blood pressure variability (BPV) on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome, short-term BPV was estimated by using weighted standard deviation of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring readings. The primary outcome was in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Overall, 200 patients (mean age, 58.6 years; 27.5% women; 38% with diabetes mellitus; and 47% smokers) were divided into low and high BPV groups based on the median value (9.45). Patients in the high BPV group were more likely to have in-hospital MACE compared with patients with low BPV (47% vs 27%, P = ...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Xin Zhao, Yan Zhang, Xiaolin Zhang, Yi Kang, Xiaoxiang Tian, Xiaozeng Wang, Junyin Peng, Zhiming Zhu, Yaling Han
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of urinary sodium and sodium to potassium ratio on inflammatory cytokines, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease in patients with prehypertension. The authors observed 627 patients with prehypertension in the General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region. Rank correlation analysis revealed that interleukin 6 expression exhibited significant positive correlations with urinary sodium (R = .13) and sodium to potassium ratio (R = .13). The multivariate-adjusted hazard ratio of 24-hour urinary sodium was 1...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Saeid Safiri, Erfan Ayubi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Costas Thomopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Eleni Gavriilaki, Stella Douma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Cesare Cuspidi, Marijana Tadic, Guido Grassi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Hyemoon Chung, Jong-Youn Kim, Byoung Kwon Lee, Pil-Ki Min, Young Won Yoon, Bum-Kee Hong, Se-Joong Rim, Hyuck Moon Kwon, Eui-Young Choi
Contributors to a hypertensive response to exercise (HTR) according to sex and age have not been fully evaluated. The authors analyzed a database of supine bicycle exercise stress echocardiography findings. HTR was defined as peak systolic blood pressure ≥210 mmHg for men and ≥190 mmHg for women during exercise. A total of 797 patients (306 [38%] women) were analyzed, with a mean age of 64 ± 10 years. Female sex, hypertension; higher left ventricular ejection fraction, effective arterial elastance, and pulse wave velocity; and lower total arterial compliance were significantly related to HTR...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Zimeng Li, Yi Li, Yulong Liu, Wenbo Xu, Qing Wang
New-onset diabetes mellitus (NOD) refers to forms of diabetes mellitus that develop during the therapeutic processes of other diseases such as hypertension. This study has been conducted in a network meta-analysis to compare antihypertensive drugs by identifying both the advantages and disadvantages on NOD by focusing on their respective effect rates. Odd ratios and corresponding 95% confidence intervals or credible intervals were calculated within pairwise and network meta-analysis. A total of 38 articles with 224 140 patients were included to evaluate the preventive effect of hypertension drugs on NOD...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Chen Chi, Xuejing Yu, Ranshaka Auckle, Yuyan Lu, Ximin Fan, Shikai Yu, Jing Xiong, Bin Bai, Jiadela Teliewubai, Yiwu Zhou, Hongwei Ji, Jue Li, Yi Zhang, Yawei Xu
To compare central and brachial blood pressure (BP) in the association of target organ damage (TOD) in a community-based elderly population, 1599 (aged 71.4 ± 6.1 years) participants in northern Shanghai were recruited. TOD included left ventricular hypertrophy (n = 1556), left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (n = 1524), carotid plaque (n = 1558), arteriosclerosis (n = 1485), and microalbuminuria (n = 1516). Both central and brachial BP significantly correlated with TOD. In full-model regression, central BP was significantly associated with all TOD (P ≤ ...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Prakash Deedwania, Michael Weber, Paul-Egbert Reimitz, George Bakris
Antihypertensive monotherapy is often insufficient to control blood pressure (BP). Several recent guidelines advocate for initial combination drug therapy in many patients. This meta-analysis of seven randomized, double-blind studies (N = 5888) evaluated 8 weeks of olmesartan medoxomil (OM)-based single-pill dual-combination therapy (OM+amlodipine/azelnidipine or hydrochlorothiazide) vs OM monotherapy in adults with hypertension. BP-lowering efficacy, goal achievement, and adverse events were assessed in the full cohort and subgroups (elderly/nonelderly and patients with and without chronic kidney disease)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Steven A Yarows
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Teresa Brown, Jimmy Gonzalez, Catherine Monteleone
According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012, one third of antihypertensive prescriptions in the United States in the past decade were for angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs). An important and serious side effect of ACEIs is angioedema caused by a reduction in bradykinin degradation. In a national medical chart abstraction study conducted at the US Veterans Affairs Health Care System in 2008, 0.20% of ACEI initiators developed angioedema while on the medication. The angiotensin-converting enzyme is a part of the renin-angiotensin system that converts angiotensin I to angiotensin II...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Patrick Bou Samra, Paul El Tomb, Mohammad Hosni, Ahmad Kassem, Robin Rizk, Sami Shayya, Sarah Assaad
This comparative cross-sectional study examines the association between traffic congestion and elevation of systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure levels among a convenience sample of 310 drivers. Data collection took place during a gas station pause at a fixed time of day. Higher average systolic (142 vs 123 mm Hg) and diastolic (87 vs 78 mm Hg) blood pressures were detected among drivers exposed to traffic congestion compared with those who were not exposed (P<.001), while controlling for body mass index, age, sex, pack-year smoking, driving hours per week, and occupational driving...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Martin G Myers, Janusz Kaczorowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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