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Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology

Dhelfeson Willya Douglas de Oliveira, Evandro Silveira de Oliveira, André Felipe Miranda Mota, Victor Hugo Urzedo Pereira, Vinícius Oliveira Bastos, José Cristiano Ramos Glória, Patricia Furtado Gonçalves, Olga Dumont Flecha
AIM: Cervical dentin hypersensitivity (CDH) is defined as an acute pain of short duration that occurs in dentin exposed to the oral environment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effi cacy of three desensitizing toothpastes (Sensodyne® Rapid-Relief, Colgate® Sensitive Pro-Relief, Nano P®) for immediate and intermediate-term relief of CDH, when compared with a control toothpaste (Cocoricó®). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients were enrolled in this clinical study...
April 8, 2016: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Rahul Kathariya, Archana Devanoorkar, Rahul Golani, Nandita Shetty, Venu Vallakatla, Mohammad Yunis Saleem Bhat
Loss of tooth-supporting structures results in tooth mobility. Increased tooth mobility adversely affects function, aesthetics, and the patient's comfort. Splints are used to over-come all these problems. When faced with the dilemma of how to manage periodontally compromised teeth, splinting of mobile teeth to stronger adjacent teeth is a viable option. This prolongs the life expectancy of loose teeth, gives stability for the periodontium to reattach, and improves comfort, function and aesthetics. Although splinting has been used since ancient times, it has been a topic of controversy because of its ill effects on oral health, including poor oral hygiene and adverse effects on supporting teeth...
April 8, 2016: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Yogini M, Prabhuji Mlv, Karthikeyan Bv, Sai Jyothsna N
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of extracellular matrix membrane (DynaMatrix®) in obtaining root coverage and compare it to the connective tissue graft for the treatment of Miller's Class I or Class II recession defects. METHODS: Ten patients with a mean age of 31.2 years with bilateral Miller's Class I or Class II recession defects in the upper premolars were recruited. Each patient contributed two defects that were randomly treated by coronally advanced fl ap with connective tissue graft (CAF+CTG) and by coronally advanced flap underlaid with extracellular membrane (DynaMatrix®; CAF+DM)...
April 8, 2016: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Ramandeep Kaur Sidhu
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD), particularly acute myocardial infarction (AMI), is the leading cause of death worldwide. In India, myocardial events are expected to be the fastest growing cause of death between 2005 and 2015. Thus, in order to prevent and manage the onset of the prevailing AMI epidemic, there is a crucial need to explore different dependent and independent risk factors of AMI, as well as its relationship with other systemic diseases and ill health conditions...
January 14, 2016: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Analice Giovani Pereira, Daniela Navarro Ribeiro Teixeira, Michelle Pereira Costa Mundim Soares, Ramon Corrêa de Queiroz Gonzaga, Alfredo Júlio Fernandes-Neto, Paulo Vinícius Soares
The association between the presence of gingival recession and non-carious cervical lesions is a common finding in dentistry. These diseases have multifactorial etiology and the treatment should be multidisciplinary. Although traditionally the majority of professionals treat non-carious cervical lesions only with conventional restorative procedures, in most cases a combination of periodontal and restorative treatments provides the best functional and esthetic results. Thus, the objective of this case report was to present a new option for treatment, which consists of a subepithelial connective tissue graft associated with a coronally advanced flap placed on dentin and non-carious cervical lesions restored with lithium disilicate partial veneers...
January 14, 2016: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Amrita Bansal, Anita Kulloli, Rahul Kathariya, Sharath Shetty, Hansa Jain, Sonal Raikar
BACKGROUND: The need-of-the-hour is a material that can support coronally advanced flap (CAF) procedures in treatment of gingival recession. Recent literature shows that various bone substitutes are being used for this procedure. This study clinically evaluates the outcomes of CAF with and without bioactive glass putty (NovaBone®) in terms of root coverage, gains in keratinized tissue height, and root coverage esthetic score in multiple gingival recession defects. METHODS: Ten healthy patients (age range 18-45 years) with multiple bilateral (n = 40 test 20; control 20) and comparable Miller's Class I or Class II gingival recession defects were selected...
January 14, 2016: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Claudio Vanucci Silva de Freitas, Larissa Paula Vieira Galdez, Hugo Leonardo Melo Dias, Joni Augusto Cirelli, Erick Miranda Souza, Vanessa Camila Silva da Silva
The aim of this study was to evaluate the histometric effects of subgingival irrigation with different solutions as adjuvant for the treatment of periodontal disease in rats. Periodontal disease was induced by ligature in the first lower molars of 91 Wistar rats over the course of 28 days. After removal of the ligatures, the animals were subjected to scaling and root planing, followed by subgingival irrigation with different solutions (0.9% saline, 0.2% chlorhexidine, 0.1% and 0.5% sodium hypochlorite and 11% propolis extract)...
January 14, 2016: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Rachel A Sheridan, Hom-Lay Wang, Robert Eber, Tae-Ju Oh
Periodontitis is an inflammatory condition of the periodontium that leads to destruction of the supporting structures of the tooth, including loss of attachment and alveolar bone. A clinician's first line of treatment for periodontitis is traditionally mechanical periodontal therapy, including oral hygiene instructions together with scaling and root planing. How- ever, it has been shown that mechanical therapy may not always be effective in halting disease. Adjunctive chemotherapeutics, such as systemic antibiotics or host-modulating agents, may improve the treatment outcome of periodontitis...
October 2015: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Dhelfeson Willya Douglas de Oliveira, Marina Natássia Pacheco Maravilha, Thaís Nascimento dos Anjos, Patrícia Furtado Gonçalves, Olga Dumont Flecha, Karine Tavano
AIM: The aim of this study was to correlate radiographic examination with the clinical periodontal condition in cases of biologic width invasion by overextending restoration margins in restored premolars and molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present pilot study involved nine people (mean age 32 years) with biologic width invasion by 21 surfaces overextending restoration margins in restored premolars and molars. Radiographs were made in a standardized unit using the interproximal technique and were evaluated by a single calibrated investigator...
October 1, 2015: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Bangalore Varadhan Karthikeyan, Vasudevalu Sujatha, Munivenkatappa Lakshmaiah Venkatesh Prabhuji
Furcation involvement is a common sequela of severe chronic periodontal disease. Its effective management has a profound influence on the outcome of periodontal therapy. For the efficient clinical management of furcation defects, it is necessary to have a reliable diagnostic tool that can accurately measure and quantify the furcation defect. This article addresses the various diagnostic methods available and assesses their limitations. Further, it also highlights some new frontiers in the field of furcation diagnosis and measurements...
October 1, 2015: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Devanand Gupta, Ankita Jain
AIM: To compare the effect of cinnamon extract, chlorhexidine mouthwash and placebo on dental plaque level and gingivitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred five healthy dental and medical students aged 21 to 25 years participated in the study. The subjects were randomly divided into three groups: i.e., the cinnamon group, the chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash group and the placebo (distilled water) group. Data were collected at baseline, the 15th and the 30th day...
July 2015: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Huberth Alexandre Júnior Da Rocha, Camila Ferreira Silva, Fernanda Lopes Santiago, Ludiele Gonçalves Martins, Pâmella Coelho Dias, Denildo De Magalhães
In order to complement non-surgical therapy in periodontitis, there are multiple options of antimicrobials, such as metronidazole, chlorhexidine, minocycline, doxycycline and tetracycline, which can be locally delivered into the mucosa. These drugs are used in periodontal pockets and can inhibit or eliminate periodontopathogenic microorganisms as well as modulate the inflammatory response of tissues. However, limited data are available concerning the relationship between effect, efficacy and clinical status of the periodontium...
July 2015: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Abhiram Maddi, Leela Subhashini Alluri, Sebastian G Ciancio
Drug-induced gingival overgrowth (DIGO) is an oral clinical manifestation associated with certain medications such as immunosuppressants that are administered to organ transplant patients to prevent graft rejection. In patients with cardiac transplants, management of DIGO is critical. In such patients, plaque biofilm accumulation at the gingival interface might be detrimental as it may lead to transient bacteremia as well as systemic inflammation resulting in thromboembolic events. This case report describes the management of DIGO in a cardiac transplant recipient by change of immunosuppressant medication, non-surgical periodontal therapy and laser-assisted gingivectomy...
July 2015: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Santoshi Rani, Rampalli Viswa Chandra, Aileni Amarender Reddy, Bavigadda Harish Reddy, Sripriya Nagarajan, Anumala Naveen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the colonization and penetration of specific bacteria on nanosilver-impregnated GTR (guided tissue regeneration) membranes. METHODS: Three sets of GTR membranes were used in this study: 1) GTR-C: Plain GTR membrane as a negative control; 2) GTR-NS: GTR membrane impregnated with silver nanoparticles as the test group; 3) GTR-DOX: GTR membrane impregnated with 25% (w/w) doxycycline hydrochloride acting as a positive control...
July 2015: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Khalid Almas, Ziad Salameh, Ahmad Kutkut, Ahmad Al Doubali
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to develop a simplified quantitative denture plaque index that could help dentists to motivate denture patients to maintain optimal oral hygiene. The secondary aim was to assess specific areas of dentures more prone to accumulate plaque and subjects' oral hygiene habits related to their dentures. METHODS: One hundred subjects who wore maxillary and/or mandibular complete dentures for at least one year were included in the study as a powered sample...
April 2015: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Paul H Keyes, Thomas E Rams
OBJECTIVE: In a secondary data analysis, this pilot study evaluated the relationship between subgingival biofilm morphotypes and chronic periodontitis progression in treated adults. METHODS: Periodontal parameters in 47 adults with chronic periodontitis were assessed by a calibrated examiner at baseline and a mean 4.5 years after a non-surgical periodontal therapy regimen. Microbial and inflammatory cell morphotypes in subgingival biofilm specimens from each patient were evaluated with phase-contrast microscopy at baseline, and at post-treatment intervals...
April 2015: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
N Priyanka, Nitish Kalra, Shahab Saquib, Shahabe Saquib, Nikhil Malgaonkar, Malgaonkar Nikhil, Bassel Tarakji, Jadhav Varsha, Davangere Umashree, A R Pradeep
BACKGROUND: The present clinical trial was designed to investigate the effectiveness of subgingivally delivered satranidazole (SZ) gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. METHODS: Sixty-four subjects with probing depth (PD) ≥ 5 mm and who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes were selected. Thirty-two subjects each were randomly assigned to SRP + placebo (Group 1) and SRP + SZ (Group 2). The clinical outcomes evaluated were plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), clinical attachment level (CAL) and PD at baseline, 1 month, 3-months and 6 months...
April 2015: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Ahmad Kutkut, Rasha Abu-Eid, Lina Sharab, Behruz Abadi, Joseph Van Sickels
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to present the clinical course of full mouth rehabilitation in an 1 8-year-old female patient with ectodermal dysplasia who was treated with implant-supported fixed partial dentures for the mandible and the maxilla. CASE REPORT: Fourteen dental implants (8 in the maxilla and 6 in the mandible) were placed simultaneously after full mouth extraction and alveoloplasty surgery. After 6 months of healing, prosthetic rehabilitation was started for screw-retained fixed partial dentures...
April 2015: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Hala H Hazzaa, Heba El Adawy, Hani M Magdi
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to describe and evaluate the use of a vascularized marginal periosteal barrier membrane (MPM) harvested by a semilunar incision, alone or combined with a bone graft, in treatment of class II furcation defects in mandibular molars, compared to open flap debridement (OFD). METHODS: Thirty class II furcation defects in mandibular molars were randomly assigned into three equal groups: Group I included OFD, Group II included defects treated with MPM, and Group III consisted of defects treated with MPM after applying demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA)...
January 2015: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Vivian P Wagner, Manoela D Martins, Marina Curra, Marco A T Martins, Maria C Munerato
Gingival cysts of adults are rare developmental cysts, with an incidence of 0.3% among all odontogenic cysts. They are benign, well-defined nodules located on the attached gingiva with a fluid-filled appearance. The aim of the present study was to perform an analysis of gingival cysts in adults diagnosed at an oral pathology laboratory and a hospital pathology service in order to determine the frequency of occurrence of this lesion, and to perform a literature review to correlate the present findings with those described in the literature...
January 2015: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
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