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Journal of Asian Natural Products Research

Chen-Jia Guo, Ping Wu, Jing-Hua Xue, Han-Xiang Li, Xiao-Yi Wei
Two new hexaketides, xylarodons B (1) and C (2), were isolated from solid cultures of the endophytic fungus Xylaria sp. SC1440. The structures of these compounds were elucidated on the basis of detailed 1D, 2D NMR, and HRESIMS analysis. Their absolute configurations were established by experimental and TDDFT calculated ECD spectra. The isolated compounds were evaluated for cytotoxic and tyrosinase inhibitory activity.
January 30, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Li-Zhen Lin, Huan-Huan Chen, Zhou-Xi Lei, Yun-Rong Li, Chun-Hua Zhou, Yue-Chun Huang, Gang Wei
To investigate the anti-oxidant activities and mechanism of rosmarinic acid (RA) on rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) from ischemia-induced apoptosis in vitro, which was established using H2O2-damage and analyzed for cell viability, cell apoptosis, ROS, morphological changes, and levels of apoptosis proteins. Pretreatment with RA significantly suppressed the generation of ROS, protected the morphological changes of cells, decrease the ratio of cell apoptosis, down-regulated the level of caspase-3, caspase-9, Bax/Bcl-2, and up-regulated the level of p-PI3K...
January 28, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Xiao-Xiao Huang, Zhi-Yang Yan, Sen Liu, Xiao-Bo Wang, Shao-Jiang Song
Investigation on bioactive chemical constituents of safflower led to the isolation of 10 compounds from the aqueous extract, including a new alkaloid (1), a new glucopyranoside (2), and 8 known compounds (3-10). The structures of two new compounds were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectral analyses, including 1D, 2D-NMR and HRESIMS. Biological research on the isolates indicated that compounds 3, 4 and 9 remarkably inhibited tyrosinase with IC50 at 0.11, 0.20 and 0.11 mM, respectively, compared with the positive control arbutin (0...
January 28, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Yu Zhu, Liao-Bin Dong, Zhi-Jun Zhang, Min Fan, Qin-Feng Zhu, Yan-Yan Qi, Yu-Chen Liu, Li-Yan Peng, Xing-De Wu, Qin-Shi Zhao
Three new Lycopodium alkaloids (1-3), together with 15 known alkaloids, were isolated from club moss Lycopodium japonicum. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis, including 1D and 2D NMR spectra. Compound 1 has an unusual β-oriented methyl group substituted at C-15 and an α-hydroxy cyclopentenone moiety. All new alkaloids were evaluated for the inhibition of T-type calcium channel.
January 26, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Napat Kyokong, Chawanphat Muangnoi, Wuttinont Thaweesest, Virunh Kongkatitham, Kittisak Likhitwitayawuid, Pornchai Rojsitthisak, Boonchoo Sritularak
A new phenanthrene dimer, namely dendropalpebrone (1), was isolated from the whole plant of Dendrobium palpebre, along with nine known compounds (2-10). All of the isolates were evaluated for their hydroxyl radical scavenging effects using a deoxyribose assay. Dendroflorin (10) showed an appreciable activity, and therefore was selected for further studied in RAW264.7 cells. Compound 10 significantly decreased ROS in H2O2-stimulated RAW264.7 cells in a dose-dependent manner, and improved activity of SOD, GPx, and CAT enzymes...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Song-Leng Duan, Jun Zhang, Qing-Hua Han, Qing-Ying Zhang, Hong Liang
Chemical investigation of the stem bark of Ficus tsiangii led to the isolation of a new coumarin ficuscoumarin (1) and a new norlignan ficuslignan (2) by chromatographic methods. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses.
January 23, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
De-Li Chen, Wei Zheng, Jian Feng, Guo-Xu Ma, Yang-Yang Liu, Xu-Dong Xu
A new bis-γ-pyrone polypropionate compound onchidione II (1), together with three known compounds, was isolated from a marine pulmonate mollusc Onchidium struma, collected at Hainan Island of China. The structure of new compound was determined by extensive spectroscopic analyses including IR, 1D and 2D NMR techniques, and chemical methods. Compounds 1-4 were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against human tumor cell lines HepG-2, A549, and MCF-2. The results showed that compounds 1 and 2 were moderate cytotoxic against HepG-2, A549, and MCF-2 cell lines, with IC50 values from 13...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Qi-Lin Wang, Chao Guo, Jie Qi, Jia-Hui Ma, Fang-Yuan Liu, Shi-Qi Lin, Cai-Yun Zhang, Wei-Dong Xie, Jing-Jing Zhuang, Xia Li
3β-Angeloyloxy-8β,10β-dihydroxyeremophila-7(11)-en-12,8α-lactone (FJ1) inhibited effectively paraquat (PQ)-induced injury in SH-SY5Y cells. In this way, FJ1 was shown to reverse the PQ-induced activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3, the increase in Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, and the release of cytochrome c. The mechanism was associated with a reduction of oxidative stress, including the decrease in the levels of ROS and MDA and maintaining the activity of SOD and GSH. Taken together, findings revealed that FJ1 had protective effects against PQ-induced injury via attenuating the oxidative stress in SH-SY5Y cells, which suggested that FJ1 might be a candidate for further evaluation against neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Yu-Hong Gao, Rui Zheng, Jing Li, Wei-Song Kong, Xin Liu, Lin Ye, Qi-Li Mi, Wei-Song Kong, Min Zhou, Guang-Yu Yang, Qiu-Fen Hu, Gang Du, Hai-Ying Yang, Xue-Mei Li
Three new diphenyl ethers (1-3), together with four known isopentylated diphenyl ethers derivatives (4-7), were isolated from the fermentation products of an endophytic fungus Phomopsis fukushii. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including extensive 1D and 2D NMR techniques. Compounds 1-3 were evaluated for their anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (anti-MRSA) activity. The results revealed that compounds 1 and 2 showed strong inhibitions with inhibition zone diameters (IZD) of 20...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Jenipher Akinyi Odak, Lawrence Onyango Arot Manguro, Keng-Chong Wong
The plant species Elaeodendron buchananii Loes is widely used in folklore medicine to manage microbial infections in Kenya. Previous studies on the plant fruits and root bark revealed the presence of steroids and terpenoids. The present phytochemical analysis of the plant stem bark has led to the isolation of four new triterpenes characterized as methyl 3β-acetoxy-11α, 19α, 28-trihydroxyurs-12-en-23-oic acid (1), 3β, 11α, 19α-trihydroxyurs-12-en-23, 28-dioic acid (2), 3β-acetoxy-19α, 23, 28-trihydroxyurs-12-ene (3) and 3-oxo-19α, 28-dihydroxyurs-12-en-24-oic acid (4), together with ten known ones (5-14), whose structures were elucidated using spectroscopic techniques...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Cheng-Shi Jiang, Yan-Qiong Guo, Sheng Yin, Hua Zhang, Gui-Hua Tang
Chromatographic fractionation of the EtOH extracts of the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Chloranthus japonicus, has led to the isolation of a new lindenane-type sesquiterpenoid lactone derivative (1). Rosmarylchloranthalactone E (1), which consists of lindenane sesquiterpenoid lactone and rosmarinic acid moieties linked via an ester bridge, was structurally elucidated by 1D and 2D NMR and HRMS data. Compound 1 was a potent phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 0.96 ± 0.04 μM.
January 17, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Sheng Lin, Yu-Zhuo Wu, Ke-Yv Chen, Ji Ye, Xian-Wen Yang, Wei-Dong Zhang
Two new polyketides, 3,11-dihydroxy-6,8-dimethyldodecanoic acid (1) and trichopyrone B (2), together with two known polyketides, sorbicillin (3) and penicillone A (4), have been isolated from the cultures broth of the fungus Penicillium decumbens. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis. All isolated compounds were evaluated for their antibacterial and cytotoxic activities. Of these, compound 3 showed antifungal activity toward Candida albicans Y0109 with a MIC value of 50 μM...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Jing Sun, Li-Jun Chen, Yan Zhang, Rui Zhan, Ye-Gao Chen
Two new phenylpropanoid esters bobulretulates A (1) and B (2), together with eleven known compounds, were isolated from the whole plants of Bulbophyllum retusiusculum. Their structures were elucidated by means of extensive spectroscopic analysis.
January 15, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Wei Yan, Wei Wei, Yang-Yang Zhang, Jia-Jie Wang, Xiao-Fei Ping, Jia-Yun Xu, Yong-Hao Ye
Two new cyclohexene derivatives, nigrosporanenes C and D (1 and 2), together with three known compounds (3-5), were isolated from the culture of an endophyte Nigrospora oryzae S4. Their structures were characterized by a combination of detailed spectroscopic analysis and comparison of their NMR data with those reported in the literature. All compounds were tested for anti-phytopathogenic activity, however, none of them showed activity at a concentration of 20 μM.
January 15, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Mao-Shan Yin, Yi-Chi Zhang, Shu-Hong Xu, Jing-Jing Liu, Xiao-Hui Sun, Chen Liang, Yan Wang, Jie Li, Fu-Wen Wang, Qing-Li Wang, Yan-Ling Mu
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is one of the chief diabetes mellitus complications. Inflammation factors may be one reason for the damage from DM. The purpose of this research is to study the potential protective effects of puerarin on DM and the possible mechanisms of action related to NF-κB signal pathway. Following administration of puerarin to the disease model rat, several changes were observed including the changes of serum biochemical index, improved diastolic dysfunction, and enhanced endogenous antioxidant enzymes activities, further NF-κB signaling activation...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Xiao-Zhen Li, Li-Zhi Cheng, Yong-Ming Yan, Bao-Hua Liu, Yong-Xian Cheng
Three new compounds, pilosulinene A (1), pilosulinols A (2), and B (3), along with seven known compounds, were isolated from the roots of Codonopsis pilosula cultivated in Xundian County of Yunnan Province. The structures of new compounds were established by spectroscopic methods. In particular, the presence of an aromatic ring in the structure of 1 makes it intriguing. The inhibitory activity of compounds against SIRT1 was evaluated. The results showed that 8 could inhibit Sirt1 in a dose-dependent manner.
January 10, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Sabrin Ragab Mohamed Ibrahim, Gamal Abdallah Mohamed, Mahmoud Abdelkhalek Elfaky, Rwaida Adel Al Haidari, Mohamed Fathalla Zayed, Amal Abd-Elmoneim El-Kholy, Amgad Ibrahim Mansour Khedr
A new prenylated xanthone, garcixanthone A (5), together with eight known compounds, mangostanaxanthones I (1) and II (2), garcinone E (3), β-mangostin (4), 8-hydroxycudraxanthone G (6), garcinone C (7), cudraxanthone G (8), and (-)-epicatechin (9) were isolated from the EtOAc-soluble fraction of the air-dried pericarps of Garcinia mangostana (family Clusiaceae). Their structures were verified on the basis of spectroscopic data interpretation as well as comparison with the literature. The cytotoxic and antimicrobial activities of the new compound were assessed using sulforhodamine B (SRB) and agar disk diffusion assays, respectively...
January 7, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Yan-Qiu Meng, Hua-Bo Cui, Lei Li, Wei-Chen Zhang, Hong-Shuang Pan, Ting-Ting Yu, Wei Li
A series of asiatic acid derivatives were synthesized and their cytotoxicities in vitro against two cancer cell lines (HepG2 and SGC7901) were evaluated by MTT assay. The results showed that compounds I2, I6, and II6 have more potent anticancer activity than that of the positive control drug paclitaxel. The interactions between the compounds I2, I6, and II6 and survivin were also studied by docking simulations.
January 5, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Jin-Feng Wang, Ying Wang, Hong-Liang Wang, Cheng-Bi Xu, Hai-Tao Wang
A chemical investigation on the 70% ethanol extract from the leaves and stems of Kopsia lancibracteolata Merr. resulted in the isolation of three new methyl chanofruticosinate type alkaloids, 12-hydroxyl prunifoline A (1), 12-hydroxyl prunifoline C (2), and N(4)-oxide prunifoline D (3). Structural elucidation of all the compounds was performed by spectral methods such as 1D- and 2D-NMR, IR, UV, and HR-ESI-MS. The isolated alkaloids were tested in vitro for cytotoxic potential against five tumor cell lines (BGC-823, HepG2, MCF-7, SGC-7901, and SK-MEL-2)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Takashi Kamada, Chin-Soon Phan, Charles S Vairappan
Two new halogenated nonterpenoids C15-acetogenins, nangallenes A-B (1-2), together with two known halogenated compounds itomanallene A (3) and 2,10-dibromo-3-chloro-α-chamigrene (4), were isolated and identified from the organic extract of the marine red alga Laurencia nangii Masuda collected from the coastal waters in Semporna, Borneo. Their structures were established by means of spectroscopic analysis including IR, high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HRESI-MS), and 1D and 2D NMR techniques...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
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