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Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424146/excess-all-cause-and-influenza-attributable-mortality-in-europe-december-2016-to-february-2017
#1
Lasse S Vestergaard, Jens Nielsen, Tyra G Krause, Laura Espenhain, Katrien Tersago, Natalia Bustos Sierra, Gleb Denissov, Kaire Innos, Mikko J Virtanen, Anne Fouillet, Theodore Lytras, Anna Paldy, Janos Bobvos, Lisa Domegan, Joan O'Donnell, Matteo Scortichini, Annamaria de Martino, Kathleen England, Neville Calleja, Liselotte van Asten, Anne C Teirlinck, Ragnhild Tønnessen, Richard A White, Susana P Silva, Ana P Rodrigues, Amparo Larrauri, Inmaculada Leon, Ahmed Farah, Christoph Junker, Mary Sinnathamby, Richard G Pebody, Arlene Reynolds, Jennifer Bishop, Diane Gross, Cornelia Adlhoch, Pasi Penttinen, Kåre Mølbak
Since December 2016, excess all-cause mortality was observed in many European countries, especially among people aged ≥ 65 years. We estimated all-cause and influenza-attributable mortality in 19 European countries/regions. Excess mortality was primarily explained by circulation of influenza virus A(H3N2). Cold weather snaps contributed in some countries. The pattern was similar to the last major influenza A(H3N2) season in 2014/15 in Europe, although starting earlier in line with the early influenza season start...
April 6, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422007/high-risk-of-dengue-type-2-outbreak-in-french-polynesia-2017
#2
Maite Aubry, Yoann Teissier, Mihiau Mapotoeke, Anita Teissier, Marine Giard, Didier Musso, Van-Mai Cao-Lormeau
In French Polynesia, the four serotypes of dengue virus (DENV-1 to -4) have caused 14 epidemics since the mid-1940s. From the end of 2016, an increasing number of Pacific Island Countries and Territories have reported DENV-2 outbreaks and in February 2017, DENV-2 infection was detected in French Polynesia in three travellers from Vanuatu. As DENV-2 has not been circulating in French Polynesia since December 2000, there is high risk for an outbreak to occur.
April 6, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422006/ecdc-round-table-report-and-promed-mail-most-useful-international-information-sources-for-the-netherlands-early-warning-committee
#3
Paul Bijkerk, Annelie A Monnier, Ewout B Fanoy, Katina Kardamanidis, Ingrid Hm Friesema, Mirjam J Knol
The Netherlands Early Warning Committee (NEWC) aims to identify infectious diseases causing a potential threat to Dutch public health. Threats are assessed and published as (information) alerts for public health experts. To identify threats from abroad, the NEWC screens 10 sources reporting disease outbreaks each week. To identify the sources essential for complete and timely reporting, we retrospectively analysed 178 international alerts published between 31 January 2013 and 30 January 2014. In addition, we asked the four NEWC coordinators about the required time to scan the information sources...
April 6, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422005/blood-donor-screening-for-west-nile-virus-wnv-revealed-acute-usutu-virus-usuv-infection-germany-september-2016
#4
Daniel Cadar, Philipp Maier, Susanne Müller, Julia Kress, Michael Chudy, Alexandra Bialonski, Alexander Schlaphof, Stephanie Jansen, Hanna Jöst, Egbert Tannich, Stefan Runkel, Walter E Hitzler, Gabriele Hutschenreuter, Martina Wessiepe, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit
Between 1 June and 31 December 2016, 13,023 blood donations from the University Hospital Aachen in Germany were routinely screened for West Nile virus (WNV) RNA using the cobas TaqScreen WNV Test. On 28 September 2016, one blood donor was tested positive. Subsequent analysis revealed an acute Usutu virus (USUV) infection. During the ongoing USUV epizootics in Germany, blood transfusion services, public health authorities and clinicians should be aware of increased human USUV infections.
April 6, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422004/performance-of-influenza-case-definitions-for-influenza-community-surveillance-based-on-the-french-influenza-surveillance-network-grog-2009-2014
#5
Jean-Sebastien Casalegno, Daniel Eibach, Martine Valette, Vincent Enouf, Isabelle Daviaud, Sylvie Behillil, Astrid Vabret, Jean Claude Soulary, Mehdi Benchaib, Jean Marie Cohen, Sylvie van der Werf, Anne Mosnier, Bruno Lina
International case definitions recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), and the World Health Organization (WHO) are commonly used for influenza surveillance. We evaluated clinical factors associated with the laboratory-confirmed diagnosis of influenza and the performance of these influenza case definitions by using a complete dataset of 14,994 patients with acute respiratory infection (ARI) from whom a specimen was collected between August 2009 and April 2014 by the Groupes Régionaux d'Observation de la Grippe (GROG), a French national influenza surveillance network...
April 6, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382917/gisaid-global-initiative-on-sharing-all-influenza-data-from-vision-to-reality
#6
EDITORIAL
Yuelong Shu, John McCauley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382916/significantly-elevated-number-of-human-infections-with-h7n9-virus-in-jiangsu-in-eastern-china-october-2016-to-january-2017
#7
Xiang Huo, Liling Chen, Xian Qi, Haodi Huang, Qigang Dai, Huiyan Yu, Yu Xia, Wendong Liu, Ke Xu, Wang Ma, Jun Zhang, Changjun Bao
Since first identified in 2013, the H7N9 virus has caused several waves of human infections in China, with a current wave including a number of patients with very severe disease. Jiangsu is one of the most impacted provinces, whereby as of 31 January 2017, the number of human infections (n = 109) in the ongoing fifth H7N9 wave has exceeded the sum of those in the four preceding ones. Ten of 13 cities in Jiangsu have been affected, and clustered infections as well as one co-infection with seasonal influenza have been observed...
March 30, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382915/risk-factors-for-mers-coronavirus-infection-in-dromedary-camels-in-burkina-faso-ethiopia-and-morocco-2015
#8
Eve Miguel, Véronique Chevalier, Gelagay Ayelet, Med Nadir Ben Bencheikh, Hiver Boussini, Daniel Kw Chu, Ikhlass El Berbri, Ouaffa Fassi-Fihri, Bernard Faye, Getnet Fekadu, Vladimir Grosbois, Bryan Cy Ng, Ranawaka Apm Perera, T Y So, Amadou Traore, François Roger, Malik Peiris
Understanding Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) transmission in dromedary camels is important, as they consitute a source of zoonotic infection to humans. To identify risk factors for MERS-CoV infection in camels bred in diverse conditions in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia and Morocco, blood samples and nasal swabs were sampled in February-March 2015. A relatively high MERS-CoV RNA rate was detected in Ethiopia (up to 15.7%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 8.2-28.0), followed by Burkina Faso (up to 12...
March 30, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367799/risk-of-tuberculosis-among-air-passengers-estimated-by-interferon-gamma-release-assay-survey-of-contact-investigations-japan-2012-to-2015
#9
Masaki Ota, Seiya Kato
Although the World Health Organization recommends contact investigations around air travel-associated sputum smear-positive tuberculosis (TB) patients, evidence suggests that the information thus obtained may have overestimated the risk of TB infection because it involved some contacts born in countries with high TB burden who were likely to have been infected with TB in the past, or because tuberculin skin tests were used, which are less specific than the interferon gamma release assay (IGRA) particularly in areas where Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination coverage is high...
March 23, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367798/tuberculosis-notification-rate-decreases-faster-in-residents-of-native-origin-than-in-residents-of-foreign-origin-in-the-eu-eea-2010-to-2015
#10
V Hollo, J Beauté, C Ködmön, M J van der Werf
To estimate trends in tuberculosis (TB) notification rates by geographical origin, we retrieved surveillance data from 2010 to 2015 for 29 European Union and European Economic Area countries. The TB notification rate decreased at an annual rate of 5.3%. The decrease in notification rate was higher in native residents (7.0%) than in those of foreign origin (3.7%). Targeted screening and facilitated access to care and treatment could help prevent and control TB in migrants.
March 23, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367797/ending-tuberculosis-in-risk-groups-in-europe-challenges-from-travel-and-population-movement
#11
EDITORIAL
Charlotte Jackson, Ibrahim Abubakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367796/contact-investigation-after-a-fatal-case-of-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-xdr-tb-in-an-aircraft-germany-july-2013
#12
Maria An der Heiden, Barbara Hauer, Lena Fiebig, Gisela Glaser-Paschke, Markus Stemmler, Claudia Simon, Sabine Rüsch-Gerdes, Andreas Gilsdorf, Walter Haas
In July 2013, a passenger died of infectious extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) on board of an aircraft after a 3-hour flight from Turkey to Germany. Initial information indicated the patient had moved about the aircraft coughing blood. We thus aimed to contact and inform all persons exposed within the aircraft and to test them for newly acquired TB infection. Two-stage testing within 8 weeks from exposure and at least 8 weeks after exposure was suggested, using either interferon gamma release assays (IGRAs) or tuberculin skin test (TST)...
March 23, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367795/yield-of-active-screening-for-tuberculosis-among-asylum-seekers-in-germany-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Oliver Razum, Daniel Saure, Brigitte Joggerst, Joachim Szecsenyi, Christian Stock
All asylum seekers in Germany undergo upon-entry screening for tuberculosis TB, but comprehensive evidence on the yield is lacking. We compared the national estimates with the international literature in a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting the yield of TB, defined as the fraction of active TB cases detected among asylum seekers screened in Germany upon entry. We searched 11 national and international databases for empirical studies and the internet for grey literature published in English or German without restrictions on publication time...
March 23, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333618/increasing-evidence-of-tick-borne-encephalitis-tbe-virus-transmission-the-netherlands-june-2016
#14
Adriaan Cg Weststrate, Daan Knapen, Gozewijn D Laverman, Bart Schot, Jan Jw Prick, Silke A Spit, Johan Reimerink, Barry Rockx, Felix Geeraedts
We present a case of endemic tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) occurring in June 2016 in the eastern part of the Netherlands in an area where a strain of TBE virus, genetically different from the common TBE virus strains in Europe, was reported in ticks in 2016. With the start of the tick season in spring, this second autochthonous Dutch TBE case should remind physicians to consider the possibility of endemic TBE in patients with respective symptoms.
March 16, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333617/yellow-fever-in-a-traveller-returning-from-suriname-to-the-netherlands-march-2017
#15
Marjan Wouthuyzen-Bakker, Marjolein Knoester, Aad P van den Berg, Corine H GeurtsvanKessel, Marion Pg Koopmans, Coretta Van Leer-Buter, Bob Oude Velthuis, Suzan D Pas, Wilhelmina Lm Ruijs, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Stephen Gs Vreden, Tjip S van der Werf, Chantal Bem Reusken, Wouter Fw Bierman
A Dutch traveller returning from Suriname in early March 2017, presented with fever and severe acute liver injury. Yellow fever was diagnosed by (q)RT-PCR and sequencing. During hospital stay, the patient's condition deteriorated and she developed hepatic encephalopathy requiring transfer to the intensive care. Although yellow fever has not been reported in the last four decades in Suriname, vaccination is recommended by the World Health Organization for visitors to this country.
March 16, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333616/cross-sectional-surveillance-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-in-dromedary-camels-and-other-mammals-in-egypt-august-2015-to-january-2016
#16
Mohamed Ali, Rabeh El-Shesheny, Ahmed Kandeil, Mahmoud Shehata, Basma Elsokary, Mokhtar Gomaa, Naglaa Hassan, Ahmed El Sayed, Ahmed El-Taweel, Heba Sobhy, Folorunso Oludayo Fasina, Gwenaelle Dauphin, Ihab El Masry, Abebe Wossene Wolde, Peter Daszak, Maureen Miller, Sophie VonDobschuetz, Emma Gardner, Subhash Morzaria, Juan Lubroth, Yilma Jobre Makonnen
A cross-sectional study was conducted in Egypt to determine the prevalence of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in imported and resident camels and bats, as well as to assess possible transmission of the virus to domestic ruminants and equines. A total of 1,031 sera, 1,078 nasal swabs, 13 rectal swabs, and 38 milk samples were collected from 1,078 camels in different types of sites. In addition, 145 domestic animals and 109 bats were sampled. Overall, of 1,031 serologically-tested camels, 871 (84...
March 16, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333615/use-of-whonet-satscan-system-for-simulated-real-time-detection-of-antimicrobial-resistance-clusters-in-a-hospital-in-italy-2012-to-2014
#17
Alessandra Natale, John Stelling, Marcello Meledandri, Louisa A Messenger, Fortunato D'Ancona
Resistant pathogens infections cause in healthcare settings, higher patient mortality, longer hospitalisation times and higher costs for treatments. Strengthening and coordinating local, national and international surveillance systems is the cornerstone for the control of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). In this study, the WHONET-SaTScan software was applied in a hospital in Italy to identify potential outbreaks of AMR. Data from San Filippo Neri Hospital in Rome between 2012 and 2014 were extracted from the national surveillance system for antimicrobial resistance (AR-ISS) and analysed using the simulated prospective analysis for real-time cluster detection included in the WHONET-SaTScan software...
March 16, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333614/letter-to-the-editor-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-in-europe-the-need-for-resistance-surveillance
#18
LETTER
Carla van Tienen, David van de Vijver, Teymur Noori, Anders Sönnerborg, Charles Boucher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300531/letter-to-the-editor-just-a-coincidence-two-severe-human-cases-due-to-swine-influenza-siv-a-h1n1-v-in-europe-october-2016
#19
LETTER
Cornelia Adlhoch, Pasi Penttinen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300530/authors-reply-two-severe-human-cases-due-to-swine-influenza-a-h1n1-v-in-october-2016-in-europe-were-chronologic-coincident-yet-distinct-events
#20
LETTER
Francesca Rovida, Antonio Piralla, Federico Capra Marzani, Ana Moreno, Giulia Campanini, Francesco Mojoli, Marco Pozzi, Alessia Girello, Chiara Chiapponi, Fausto Vezzoli, Paola Prati, Elena Percivalle, Anna Pavan, Maria Gramegna, Giorgio Antonio Iotti, Fausto Baldanti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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