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Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766841/case-control-study-on-risk-factors-for-acute-hepatitis-e-in-germany-2012-to-2014
#1
Mirko Faber, Mona Askar, Klaus Stark
BackgroundNotified cases of hepatitis E have increased 40-fold in the past 10 years in Germany. Food safety is a major concern as hepatitis E virus (HEV) RNA has been detected in ready-to-eat retail-level food products. The objective of this case-control study was to assess risk factors for autochthonous symptomatic hepatitis E and explore reasons for delays in diagnosis. Methods: Demographic, clinical and exposure data from notified hepatitis E cases and individually matched population controls were collected in semi-standardised telephone interviews...
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766840/rubella-infection-in-pregnancy-and-congenital-rubella-in-united-kingdom-2003-to-2016
#2
Antoaneta Bukasa, Helen Campbell, Kevin Brown, Helen Bedford, Mary Ramsay, Gayatri Amirthalingam, Pat Tookey
Rubella vaccination has been included in the United Kingdom's (UK) routine childhood schedule for nearly 30 years. The UK achieved World Health Organization (WHO) elimination status in 2016 and acute rubella infections are rare. In the period 2003-16, 31 rubella infections in pregnancy (0.23 per 100,000 pregnancies) were identified through routine surveillance, of which 26 were in women who were born abroad. Five of the 31 rubella infections led to congenital rubella syndrome in the infant and three had confirmed congenital rubella infection without congenital rubella syndrome...
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766839/status-quality-and-specific-needs-of-ebola-virus-diagnostic-capacity-and-capability-in-laboratories-of-the-two-european-preparedness-laboratory-networks-emerge-and-evd-labnet
#3
Chantal B Reusken, Ramona Mögling, Pieter W Smit, Roland Grunow, Giuseppe Ippolito, Antonino Di Caro, Marion Koopmans
From December 2013 to March 2016, West Africa experienced the largest Ebola virus (EBOV) outbreak to date, leading to a European-wide activation of laboratory preparedness and response. At the end of the outbreak, laboratories associated with the two European preparedness networks of expert laboratories EMERGE JA and EVD-LabNet were invited to participate in an assessment of the response of European laboratories to the EBOV outbreak, to identify learning points and training needs to strengthen future outbreak responses...
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741154/novel-application-of-the-matched-case-control-design-to-compare-food-supply-chains-during-an-escherichia-coli-o157-outbreak-united-kingdom-2016
#4
Thomas Inns, Paul Cleary, Nick Bundle, Sarah Foulkes, Ashley Sharp, Lara Utsi, Chris McBrien, Rehman Teagle, Alison Waldram, Chris Williams, Cathy McCann, Rob Smith, Sepeedeh Saleh, Noel McCarthy, Roberto Vivancos, Jeremy Hawker, Valerie Decraene
There is a need for innovative methods to investigate outbreaks of food-borne infection linked to produce with a complex distribution network. The investigation of a large outbreak of Escherichia coli O157 PT34 infection in the United Kingdom in 2016 indicated that catering venues associated with multiple cases had used salad leaves sourced from one supplier. Our aim was to investigate whether catering venues linked to cases were more likely to have used salad leaves from this supplier. We conducted a matched case-control study, with catering venues as the units of analysis...
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741153/prolonged-detection-of-dengue-virus-rna-in-the-semen-of-a-man-returning-from-thailand-to-italy-january-2018
#5
Eleonora Lalle, Francesca Colavita, Marco Iannetta, Saba Gebremeskel Teklè, Fabrizio Carletti, Laura Scorzolini, Licia Bordi, Donatella Vincenti, Concetta Castilletti, Giuseppe Ippolito, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi, Emanuele Nicastri
This study reports the presence of dengue virus RNA in longitudinally collected semen samples of a previously healthy Caucasian man, returning to Italy from Thailand with primary dengue fever, up to 37 days post-symptom onset, when viraemia and viruria were undetectable. This finding, coupled with the evidence of dengue virus negative-strand RNA, an indirect marker of ongoing viral replication, in the cellular fraction of semen, indicates a need to further investigate possible sexual transmission.
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741152/preventing-sepsis-in-healthcare-200-years-after-the-birth-of-ignaz-semmelweis
#6
Didier Pittet, Benedetta Allegranzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741151/national-outbreak-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-linked-to-mixed-salad-leaves-united-kingdom-2016
#7
Maya Gobin, Jeremy Hawker, Paul Cleary, Thomas Inns, Daniel Gardiner, Amy Mikhail, Jacquelyn McCormick, Richard Elson, Derren Ready, Tim Dallman, Iain Roddick, Ian Hall, Caroline Willis, Paul Crook, Gauri Godbole, Drazenka Tubin-Delic, Isabel Oliver
We investigated a large outbreak of Escherichia coli O157 in the United Kingdom (UK) with 165 cases between 31 May and 29 July 2016. No linked cases were reported in other countries. Cases were predominately female (n = 128) and adult (n = 150), 66 attended hospital and nine had features of haemorrhagic uraemic syndrome. A series of epidemiological studies (case-control, case-case, ingredients-based and venue-based studies) and supply chain investigations implicated mixed salad leaves from Supplier A as the likely outbreak vehicle...
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717698/life-in-vaccine-science-a-conversation-with-stanley-plotkin-at-the-4th-conference-on-vaccines-in-dubrovnik-croatia-september-2017
#8
Sanjin Musa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717697/adverse-events-following-immunisation-with-a-meningococcal-serogroup-b-vaccine-report-from-post-marketing-surveillance-germany-2013-to-2016
#9
Dirk Mentzer, Doris Oberle, Brigitte Keller-Stanislawski
Background and aimIn January 2013, a novel vaccine against Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B, the multicomponent meningococcal serogroup B vaccine (4CMenB), was approved by the European Medicines Agency. We aimed to evaluate the safety profile of this vaccine. Methods: All adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) reported from Germany since the vaccine's launch in Germany in November 2013 through December 2016 were reviewed and analysed. Results: Through December 2016, a total of 664 individual case safety reports (ICSR) notifying 1,960 AEFI were received...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717696/extension-of-french-vaccination-mandates-from-the-recommendation-of-the-steering-committee-of-the-citizen-consultation-on-vaccination-to-the-law
#10
Daniel Lévy-Bruhl, Jean-Claude Desenclos, Sylvie Quelet, François Bourdillon
On 4 December 2017, French parliamentarians passed a law extending the vaccination mandates for children up to 2 years of age from three vaccinations (against diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis) to 11 by adding vaccinations against pertussis, Haemophilus influenza b (Hib), hepatitis B, pneumococcal diseases, meningococcal C diseases, measles, mumps and rubella. This vote follows a recommendation made by the Steering Committee of the Citizen Consultation on Vaccination that took place in 2016. The law applies to all children born after 1 January 2018...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717695/a-modified-chain-binomial-model-to-analyse-the-ongoing-measles-epidemic-in-greece-july-2017-to-february-2018
#11
Theodore Lytras, Theano Georgakopoulou, Sotirios Tsiodras
Greece is currently experiencing a large measles outbreak, in the context of multiple similar outbreaks across Europe. We devised and applied a modified chain-binomial epidemic model, requiring very simple data, to estimate the transmission parameters of this outbreak. Model results indicate sustained measles transmission among the Greek Roma population, necessitating a targeted mass vaccination campaign to halt further spread of the epidemic. Our model may be useful for other countries facing similar measles outbreaks...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717694/vaccines-trust-and-european-public-health
#12
Andrea Ammon, Xavier Prats Monné
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717693/vaccine-hesitancy-in-the-french-population-in-2016-and-its-association-with-vaccine-uptake-and-perceived-vaccine-risk-benefit-balance
#13
Dominique Rey, Lisa Fressard, Sébastien Cortaredona, Aurélie Bocquier, Arnaud Gautier, Patrick Peretti-Watel, Pierre Verger, On Behalf Of The Baromètre Santé Group
BackgroundVaccine hesitancy (VH) is prominent in France. Objectives: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of VH in sub-groups of the French population and to investigate the association of VH with both vaccine uptake and perceived risk-benefit balance (RBB) for four vaccines. Methods : During the 2016 Health Barometer - a national cross-sectional telephone survey in a representative sample of the French population - parents of 1-15 year-old children, parents of 11-15 year-old girls and elderly people aged 65-75 years were asked about VH (using three questions adapted from the World Health Organization definition), vaccine uptake and perceived RBB for measles and hepatitis B (children's parents), human papillomavirus (girls' parents) and seasonal influenza (elderly people) vaccines...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692319/job-vacancy-at-the-european-centre-for-disease-prevention-and-control
#14
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692318/special-issue-on-advanced-diagnostics-to-inform-public-health-policy-deadline-extended-to-13-may-2018
#15
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692317/implementation-of-menacwy-vaccination-because-of-ongoing-increase-in-serogroup-w-invasive-meningococcal-disease-the-netherlands-2018
#16
Mirjam J Knol, Wilhelmina Lm Ruijs, Laura Antonise-Kamp, Hester E de Melker, Arie van der Ende
The annual incidence rate of serogroup W invasive meningococcal disease in the Netherlands increased from < 0.05/100,000 (n < 10) before 2015 to 0.5/100,000 (n = 80) in 2017. Most isolates (94%) belong to clonal complex 11. The incidence rate is highest among  < 5 year-olds and 15-24 year-olds. The case fatality rate was 12% (17/138) in 2015-2017. From May 2018, MenACWY vaccination replaces MenC vaccination at age 14 months and from October 2018, 13-14 year-olds are offered MenACWY vaccination...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692316/extended-screening-for-infectious-diseases-among-newly-arrived-asylum-seekers-from-africa-and-asia-verona-province-italy-april-2014-to-june-2015
#17
Dora Buonfrate, Federico Gobbi, Valentina Marchese, Chiara Postiglione, Geraldo Badona Monteiro, Giovanni Giorli, Giuseppina Napoletano, Zeno Bisoffi
Background and aimManagement of health issues presented by newly-arrived migrants is often limited to communicable diseases even though other health issues may be more prevalent. We report the results of infectious disease screening proposed to 462 recently-arrived asylum seekers over 14 years of age in Verona province between April 2014 and June 2015. Methods: Screening for latent tuberculosis (TB) was performed via tuberculin skin test (TST) and/or QuantiFERON-TB Gold in-tube assay and/or chest X-ray. An ELISA was used to screen for syphilis...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692315/impact-of-infectious-diseases-on-population-health-using-incidence-based-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-results-from-the-burden-of-communicable-diseases-in-europe-study-european-union-and-european-economic-area-countries-2009-to-2013
#18
Alessandro Cassini, Edoardo Colzani, Alessandro Pini, Marie-Josee J Mangen, Dietrich Plass, Scott A McDonald, Guido Maringhini, Alies van Lier, Juanita A Haagsma, Arie H Havelaar, Piotr Kramarz, Mirjam E Kretzschmar, On Behalf Of The BCoDE Consortium
Background and aimsThe Burden of Communicable Diseases in Europe (BCoDE) study aimed to calculate disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 31 selected diseases in the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA). Methods: DALYs were estimated using an incidence-based and pathogen-based approach. Incidence was estimated through assessment of data availability and quality, and a correction was applied for under-estimation. Calculation of DALYs was performed with the BCoDE software toolkit without applying time discounting and age-weighting...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667577/people-living-with-undiagnosed-hiv-infection-and-a-low-cd4-count-estimates-from-surveillance-data-italy-2012-to-2014
#19
Vincenza Regine, Maria Dorrucci, Patrizio Pezzotti, Alessia Mammone, Chantal Quinten, Anastasia Pharris, Barbara Suligoi, The Regional Representatives Of The National Hiv Surveillance System
Background and aimsLate HIV diagnosis is associated with onward HIV transmission, higher morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. In Italy, more than half of people living with HIV were diagnosed late during the last decade, with a CD4 count < 350 cells/mm3 at diagnosis. We aimed to determine the number and characteristics of people living with undiagnosed HIV infection and low CD4 counts in Italy. Methods: Data on newly reported HIV diagnoses from 2012 -2014 were obtained from the national HIV surveillance system...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667576/case-of-seasonal-reassortant-a-h1n2-influenza-virus-infection-the-netherlands-march-2018
#20
Adam Meijer, Corien M Swaan, Martin Voerknecht, Edin Jusic, Sharon van den Brink, Lisa A Wijsman, Bettie Cg Voordouw, Gé A Donker, Jacqueline Sleven, Wendelien W Dorigo-Zetsma, Sanela Svraka, Michiel van Boven, Manon R Haverkate, Aura Timen, Jaap T van Dissel, Marion Pg Koopmans, Theo M Bestebroer, Ron Am Fouchier
A seasonal reassortant A(H1N2) influenza virus harbouring genome segments from seasonal influenza viruses A(H1N1)pdm09 (HA and NS) and A(H3N2) (PB2, PB1, PA, NP, NA and M) was identified in March 2018 in a 19-months-old patient with influenza-like illness (ILI) who presented to a general practitioner participating in the routine sentinel surveillance of ILI in the Netherlands. The patient recovered fully. Further epidemiological and virological investigation did not reveal additional cases.
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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