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Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317018/outbreak-of-salmonella-bovismorbificans-associated-with-the-consumption-of-uncooked-ham-products-the-netherlands-2016-to-2017
#1
Diederik Brandwagt, Cees van den Wijngaard, Anna Dolores Tulen, Annemieke Christine Mulder, Agnetha Hofhuis, Rianne Jacobs, Max Heck, Anjo Verbruggen, Hans van den Kerkhof, Ife Slegers-Fitz-James, Lapo Mughini-Gras, Eelco Franz
In January 2017, an increase in reported Salmonellaenterica serotype Bovismorbificans cases in the Netherlands was observed since October 2016. We implemented a case-control study to identify the source, including all cases after December 2016. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated using logistic regression analysis. We traced back the distribution chain of suspected food items and sampled them for microbiological analysis. Human and food isolates were sequenced using whole genome sequencing (WGS). From October 2016 to March 2017, 54 S...
January 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317017/job-vacancy-at-the-european-centre-for-disease-prevention-and-control
#2
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317016/important-changes-in-the-timing-of-influenza-epidemics-in-the-who-european-region-over-the-past-20-years-virological-surveillance-1996-to-2016
#3
Saverio Caini, François Schellevis, Clotilde El-Guerche Séblain, John Paget
IntroductionThe global epidemiology of many infectious diseases is changing, but little attention has been paid to whether the timing of seasonal influenza epidemics changed in recent years. This study investigated whether the timing of the peak of influenza epidemics has changed in countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region between 1996 and 2016. 
Methods: Surveillance data were obtained from the WHO FluNet database. For each country and season (July to June of the next year), the peak was defined as the week with the highest 3-week moving average for reported cases...
January 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317014/eurosurveillance-reviewers-in-2017
#4
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258650/re-evaluation-of-a-2014-multi-country-european-outbreak-of-salmonella-enteritidis-phage-type-14b-using-recent-epidemiological-and-molecular-data
#5
Stefan Hörmansdorfer, Ute Messelhäußer, Albert Rampp, Katharina Schönberger, Tim Dallman, Franz Allerberger, Christian Kornschober, Andreas Sing, Peter Wallner, Andreas Zapf
A European multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis phage type (PT) 14b occurred from March to November 2014 associated with the consumption of eggs. The outbreak involved more than 400 human cases from France, Luxembourg, Austria and the United Kingdom. In 2016-2017, it has been re-evaluated combining recent epidemiological results with latest molecular data. The outbreak was traced back to one large Bavarian egg producer with four distinct premises, three located in Bavaria, one in the Czech Republic...
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258649/influenza-a-h3n2-virus-variants-and-patient-characteristics-during-a-summer-influenza-epidemic-in-taiwan-2017
#6
Tsung-Pei Tsou, Chia-Ping Su, Wan-Ting Huang, Ji-Rong Yang, Ming-Tsan Liu
We report a summer influenza epidemic caused by co-circulation of multiple influenza A(H3N2) variants in clade 3C.2a. Compared with other clades, a putative clade 3C.2a.3a was more commonly isolated from severely ill patients; 3C.2a.4 was more commonly isolated in outbreak cases. Time from vaccination to illness onset was significantly shorter in severely ill patients infected with clade 3C.2a.3; characteristics and outcomes of patients infected with different clades were similar. No resistance to antiviral medications was found...
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258648/secular-trends-in-incidence-of-acute-gastroenteritis-in-general-practice-france-1991-to-2015
#7
Mathieu Rivière, Noémie Baroux, Vanina Bousquet, Katia Ambert-Balay, Pascal Beaudeau, Nathalie Jourdan-Da Silva, Dieter Van Cauteren, Frédéric Bounoure, Fanny Cahuzac, Thierry Blanchon, Thierry Prazuck, Clément Turbelin, Thomas Hanslik
We analysed 25 years of general practitioner (GP) visits for acute gastroenteritis (AG) surveillance in France, by the GP Sentinelles network. We searched for time trends of acute gastroenteritis incidence during winter periods. Data from emergency departments and drug reimbursement were additional data sources. A time-series analysis was performed using a generalised additive model for all data sources for the winter period. Virological data were incorporated and compared with the three data sources. The cumulative incidence of GP visits for winter AG exhibited an increasing trend from 1991 until 2008, when it reached 6,466 per 100,000 inhabitants...
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258647/cross-border-outbreak-of-listeriosis-caused-by-cold-smoked-salmon-revealed-by-integrated-surveillance-and-whole-genome-sequencing-wgs-denmark-and-france-2015-to-2017
#8
Susanne Schjørring, Sofie Gillesberg Lassen, Tenna Jensen, Alexandra Moura, Jette S Kjeldgaard, Luise Müller, Stine Thielke, Alexandre Leclercq, Mylene M Maury, Mathieu Tourdjman, Marie-Pierre Donguy, Marc Lecuit, Steen Ethelberg, Eva M Nielsen
In August 2017, an outbreak of six listeriosis cases in Denmark was traced to cold-smoked salmon, using epidemiological investigations and whole-genome sequencing (WGS) analyses. Exchange of genome sequences allowed identification in France of a food isolate from a salmon-derived product and a human isolate from 2016 within the same cgMLST cluster as the Danish isolates (L2-SL8-ST8-CT771). The salmon product came from a third European Union country. WGS can rapidly link human cases and food isolates across Europe...
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258646/epidemiology-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-in-china-2008-to-2015-prior-to-the-introduction-of-ev-a71-vaccine
#9
Bingyi Yang, Fengfeng Liu, Qiaohong Liao, Peng Wu, Zhaorui Chang, Jiao Huang, Lu Long, Li Luo, Yu Li, Gabriel M Leung, Benjamin J Cowling, Hongjie Yu
IntroductionHand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is usually caused by several serotypes from human enterovirus A species, including enterovirus 71 (EV-A71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16). Two inactivated monovalent EV-A71 vaccines have been recently licensed in China and monovalent CV-A16 vaccine and bivalent EV-A71 and CV-A16 vaccine are under development. Methods: Using notifications from the national surveillance system, we describe the epidemiology and dynamics of HFMD in the country, before the introduction of EV-A71 vaccination, from 2008 through 2015...
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258645/in-the-national-epidemiological-bulletins-a-selection-from-recent-issues
#10
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258644/a-benefit-risk-analysis-of-rotavirus-vaccination-france-2015
#11
Adnane Lamrani, Pascale Tubert-Bitter, Catherine Hill, Sylvie Escolano
IntroductionTwo vaccines available for protection against rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE), Rotarix and RotaTeq, have contributed to a large decrease in the incidence of paediatric diarrhoea in countries where they have been used. However, they have also led to a small increase in the risk of intussusception. Methods: We compare the number of prevented hospitalisations for RVGE to the number of vaccine-induced hospitalised intussusceptions in France. Results: With 9.5% coverage (French 2015 estimation), vaccination was estimated to prevent, annually, a median of 1,074 hospitalisations (2...
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233257/investigation-using-whole-genome-sequencing-of-a-prolonged-restaurant-outbreak-of-salmonella-typhimurium-linked-to-the-building-drainage-system-england-february-2015-to-march-2016
#12
John Mair-Jenkins, Roberta Borges-Stewart, Caroline Harbour, Judith Cox-Rogers, Tim Dallman, Philip Ashton, Robert Johnston, Deborah Modha, Philip Monk, Richard Puleston
Following notification of a Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium gastroenteritis outbreak, we identified 82 cases linked to a restaurant with symptom onset from 12 February 2015 to 8 March 2016. Seventy-two cases had an isolate matching the nationally unique whole genome sequencing profile (single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) address: 1.1.1.124.395.395). Interviews established exposure to the restaurant and subsequent case-control analysis identified an association with eating carvery buffet food (adjusted odds ratios (AOR): 20...
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233256/analysis-of-oxa-204-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-reveals-possible-endoscopy-associated-transmission-france-2012-to-2014
#13
Anaïs Potron, Sandrine Bernabeu, Gaëlle Cuzon, Valérie Pontiès, Hervé Blanchard, Elise Seringe, Thierry Naas, Patrice Nordmann, Laurent Dortet
OXA-48-like beta-lactamase producing bacteria are now endemic in several European and Mediterranean countries. Among this carbapenemase family, the OXA-48 and OXA-181 variants predominate, whereas other variants such as OXA-204 are rarely reported. Here, we report the molecular epidemiology of a collection of OXA-204-positive enterobacterial isolates (n = 29) recovered in France between October 2012 and May 2014. This study describes the first outbreak of OXA-204-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Europe, involving 12 isolates of an ST90 Escherichia coli clone and nine isolates of an ST147 Klebsiella pneumoniae clone...
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233255/burkholderia-stabilis-outbreak-associated-with-contaminated-commercially-available-washing-gloves-switzerland-may-2015-to-august-2016
#14
Rami Sommerstein, Urs Führer, Elia Lo Priore, Carlo Casanova, Dominik M Meinel, Helena Mb Seth-Smith, Andreas Kronenberg, On Behalf Of Anresis, Daniel Koch, Laurence Senn, Andreas F Widmer, Adrian Egli, Jonas Marschall, On Behalf Of Swissnoso
We describe an outbreak of Burkholderia stabilis associated with contaminated washing gloves, a commercially available Class I medical device. Triggered by an increase in Burkholderia cepacia complex (BCC) bacteremias and the detection of BCC in unopened packages of washing gloves, an ad hoc national outbreak committee comprising representatives of a public health organisation, a regulatory agency, and an expert association convened and commissioned an outbreak investigation. The investigation included retrospective case finding across Switzerland and whole genome sequencing (WGS) of isolates from cases and gloves...
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233254/factors-associated-with-four-atypical-cases-of-congenital-syphilis-in-england-2016-to-2017-an-ecological-analysis
#15
Martina Furegato, Helen Fifer, Hamish Mohammed, Ian Simms, Paul Vanta, Sharon Webb, Kirsty Foster, Margaret Kingston, André Charlett, Bhavita Vishram, Claire Reynolds, Noel Gill, Gwenda Hughes
Four isolated cases of congenital syphilis born to mothers who screened syphilis negative in the first trimester were identified between March 2016 and January 2017 compared with three cases between 2010 and 2015. The mothers were United Kingdom-born and had no syphilis risk factors. Cases occurred in areas with recent increases in sexually-transmitted syphilis among women and men who have sex with men, some behaviourally bisexual, which may have facilitated bridging between sexual networks.
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233253/assessment-of-hiv-molecular-surveillance-capacity-in-the-european-union-2016
#16
Patrick Keating, Anastasia Pharris, Katrin Leitmeyer, Stefania De Angelis, Annemarie Wensing, Andrew J Amato-Gauci, Eeva Broberg
IntroductionExpanding access to HIV antiretroviral treatment is expected to decrease HIV incidence and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) mortality. However, this may also result in increased HIV drug resistance (DR). Better monitoring and surveillance of HIV DR is required to inform treatment regimens and maintain the long term effectiveness of antiretroviral drugs. As there is currently no formal European Union (EU)-wide collection of HIV DR data, this study aimed to assess the current HIV molecular surveillance capacity in EU/European Economic Area (EEA) countries in order to inform the planning of HIV DR monitoring at EU level...
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208161/hepatitis-a-outbreak-in-hiv-infected-msm-and-in-prep-using-msm-despite-a-high-level-of-immunity-lyon-france-january-to-june-2017
#17
Caroline Charre, Christophe Ramière, Anne-Marie Roque-Afonso, Christian Chidiac, Fabien Zoulim, Matthieu Godinot, Joseph Koffi, Caroline Scholtès, Jean-Michel Livrozet, Hav Lyon Study Group, Laurent Cotte
Since 2016, an increase in the number of hepatitis A cases affecting mainly men who have sex with men (MSM) has been reported in low endemic countries in Europe. We calculated the attack rate in Lyon, France, in populations considered at high-risk: HIV-infected MSM and HIV-negative MSM receiving HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). In these populations, high level of immunity did not prevent the outbreak, indicating that vaccination should be reinforced, particularly in younger individuals.
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208160/hiv-epidemic-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-czech-republic-2016-high-time-for-targeted-action
#18
Viktor Mravčík, Michal Pitoňák, Robert Hejzák, Barbara Janíková, Ivo Procházka
Reported incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the Czech Republic increased steeply over the past decade from 90 new cases in 2005 to 266 in 2015. This increase is almost exclusively attributed to sexual transmissions between men who have sex with men (MSM). In 2015, there were 79% (n=210) newly diagnosed cases among MSM, 17% (n=45) were attributed to heterosexual transmission and 1% (n=3) to people who inject drugs. Interventions targeted at MSM have not yet been prioritised in the broadly focused national HIV prevention strategy which this is envisaged to change in the programme set out for 2018 to 2022...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208159/reduction-in-undiagnosed-hiv-infection-in-the-european-union-european-economic-area-2012-to-2016
#19
Ard van Sighem, Anastasia Pharris, Chantal Quinten, Teymur Noori, Andrew J Amato-Gauci, The Ecdc Hiv/Aids Surveillance And Dublin Declaration Monitoring Networks
It is well-documented that early HIV diagnosis and linkage to care reduces morbidity and mortality as well as HIV transmission. We estimated the median time from HIV infection to diagnosis in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) at 2.9 years in 2016, with regional variation. Despite evidence of a decline in the number of people living with undiagnosed HIV in the EU/EEA, many remain undiagnosed, including 33% with more advanced HIV infection (CD4 < 350 cells/mm3).
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208158/hiv-testing-in-europe-evaluating-the-impact-added-value-relevance-and-usability-of-the-european-centre-for-disease-prevention-and-control-ecdc-s-2010-hiv-testing-guidance
#20
Ann K Sullivan, Ida Sperle, Dorthe Raben, Andrew J Amato-Gauci, Jens Dilling Lundgren, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Stine Finne Jakobsen, Lara Tavoschi
BACKGROUND: An evaluation of the 2010 ECDC guidance on HIV testing, conducted in October 2015-January 2016, assessed its impact, added value, relevance and usability and the need for updated guidance. METHODS: Data sources were two surveys: one for the primary target audience (health policymakers and decision makers, national programme managers and ECDC official contact points in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries and one for a broader target audience (clinicians, civil society organisations and international public health agencies); two moderated focus group discussions  (17 participants each); webpage access data; a literature citation review; and an expert consultation (18 participants) to discuss the evaluation findings...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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