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Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30401013/upsurge-in-echovirus-30-detections-in-five-eu-eea-countries-april-to-september-2018
#1
Eeva K Broberg, Benedetto Simone, Josep Jansa, The Eu/Eea Member State Contributors
An upsurge in Echovirus 30 (E30) infections, associated with meningitis/meningoencephalitis, has been observed in Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden in the period April to September 2018, compared with 2015-2017. In total, 658 E30 infections among 4,537 enterovirus infections were detected in 15 countries between January and September 2018 and affected mainly newborns and 26-45 year-olds. National public health institutes are reminded to remain vigilant and inform clinicians of the ongoing epidemic...
November 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30401012/an-unusual-outbreak-of-norovirus-associated-with-a-halloween-themed-swimming-pool-party-in-england-2016
#2
Karthik Paranthaman, Ellen Pringle, Alison Burgess, Neil Macdonald, James Sedgwick
In October 2016, an outbreak of norovirus occurred among attendees of a Halloween-themed party at a public swimming pool in the south-east of England. Norovirus genogroup II was confirmed in 11 cases. In the retrospective cohort study of pool users, 68 individuals (37 female and 31 male), with a median age of 11 years (range: 0-50 years), met the case definition of developing diarrhoea or vomiting between 6 and 72 h after the pool visit. Multivariable analysis showed that increasing age was associated with a reduced risk of illness (odds ratio = 0...
November 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30401011/addendum-for-euro-surveill-2018-23-10
#3
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30401010/characterisation-of-hiv-1-transmission-clusters-and-drug-resistant-mutations-in-denmark-2004-to-2016
#4
Andreas Petersen, Susan A Cowan, Jens Nielsen, Thea K Fischer, Jannik Fonager
This study describes the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) drug resistance mutations among 1,815 patients in Denmark from 2004 to 2016 and characterises transmission clusters. POL sequences were analysed for subtype, drug resistance mutations and phylogenetic relationship. The prevalence of surveillance drug resistance mutations (SDRM) was 6.7%, while the prevalence of drug resistance mutations (DRM) with a clinical impact was 12.3%. We identified 197 transmission clusters with 706 patients. Patients 40 years or older were less likely to be members of a transmission cluster and patients in transmission clusters were less likely to be infected abroad...
November 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30401009/creating-a-web-based-electronic-tool-to-aid-tuberculosis-tb-cluster-investigation-data-integration-in-tb-surveillance-activities-in-the-united-kingdom-2013-to-2016
#5
Jennifer A Davidson, Laura F Anderson, Victoria Adebisi, Leonardo de Jongh, Andy Burkitt, Maeve K Lalor
Molecular technology to identify relatedness between Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates, representative of possible tuberculosis (TB) transmission between individuals, continues to evolve. At the same time, tools to utilise this information for public health action to improve TB control should also be implemented. Public Health England developed the Strain Typing Module (STM) as an integral part of the web-based surveillance system used in the United Kingdom following the roll-out of prospective 24 loci mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable number tandem repeat (MIRU-VNTR) strain typing...
November 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376915/influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-in-reducing-severe-outcomes-over-six-influenza-seasons-a-case-case-analysis-spain-2010-11-to-2015-16
#6
Pere Godoy, Arantxa Romero, Núria Soldevila, Nuria Torner, Mireia Jané, Ana Martínez, Joan A Caylà, Cristina Rius, Angela Domínguez, The Working Group On Surveillance Of Severe Influenza Hospitalized Cases In Catalonia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376914/job-vacancies-at-the-european-centre-for-disease-prevention-and-control
#7
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376913/increase-in-human-west-nile-and-usutu-virus-infections-austria-2018
#8
Stephan W Aberle, Jolanta Kolodziejek, Christof Jungbauer, Karin Stiasny, Judith H Aberle, Alexander Zoufaly, Michael Kai Hourfar, Lisa Weidner, Norbert Nowotny
Between 28 June and 17 September 2018, 27 cases of human West Nile virus infections were recorded in Austria; four cases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease, 11 cases of West Nile fever, six infections detected by blood donation screening and six imported cases. In addition, 18 cases of human Usutu virus infections (all blood donors) were recorded. This is the highest number of annual infections recorded in Austria since the introduction of both viruses.
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376912/lymphogranuloma-venereum-lgv-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-a-re-emerging-problem-malta-2018
#9
Alastair Donachie, Gianfranco Spiteri, Christopher Barbara, Tanya Melillo, Ronza Hadad, Alexandra Gauci Farrugia, Magnus Unemo, Valeska Padovese
From 1 January to 30 June 2018, 11 cases of Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV; all preserved samples (n = 4) genovar L2b) were identified at the Genitourinary Clinic (GUC), Mater Dei Hospital, Msida, Malta. All cases were diagnosed in men who have sex with men (MSM); six participated in three group-sex parties. Here, we describe the outbreak and risk factors associated with LGV diagnoses in MSM in Malta in 2018.
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352643/establishment-of-the-south-korean-national-antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-system-kor-glass-in-2016
#10
Hyukmin Lee, Eun-Jeong Yoon, Dokyun Kim, Seok Hoon Jeong, Jong Hee Shin, Jeong Hwan Shin, Kyeong Seob Shin, Young Ah Kim, Young Uh, Chan Park, Kwang Jun Lee
Surveillance plays a pivotal role in overcoming antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacterial pathogens, and a variety of surveillance systems have been set up and employed in many countries. In 2015, the World Health Organization launched the Global Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (GLASS) as a part of the global action plan to enhance national and global surveillance and research. The aims of GLASS are to foster development of national surveillance systems and to enable collection, analysis and sharing of standardised, comparable and validated data on AMR between different countries...
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352642/authors-correction-for-euro-surveill-2018-23-39
#11
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352641/antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-in-europe-and-beyond
#12
Gunnar Skov Simonsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352640/antimicrobial-resistance-of-major-clinical-pathogens-in-south-korea-may-2016-to-april-2017-first-one-year-report-from-kor-glass
#13
Hyukmin Lee, Eun-Jeong Yoon, Dokyun Kim, Seok Hoon Jeong, Eun Jeong Won, Jong Hee Shin, Si Hyun Kim, Jeong Hwan Shin, Kyeong Seob Shin, Young Ah Kim, Young Uh, Ji Woo Yang, Il Hwan Kim, Chan Park, Kwang Jun Lee
The Korean government established an antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance system, compatible with the Global AMR Surveillance System (GLASS): Kor-GLASS. We describe results from the first year of operation of the Kor-GLASS from May 2016 to April 2017, comprising all non-duplicated clinical isolates of major pathogens from blood , urine , faeces and urethral and cervical swabs from six sentinel hospitals. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests were carried out by disk diffusion, Etest, broth microdilution and agar dilution methods...
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352639/outbreak-of-burkholderia-cepacia-complex-infections-associated-with-contaminated-octenidine-mouthwash-solution-germany-august-to-september-2018
#14
Sören L Becker, Fabian K Berger, Susanne K Feldner, Irem Karliova, Manfred Haber, Alexander Mellmann, Hans-Joachim Schäfers, Barbara Gärtner
Three German patients developed nosocomial pneumonia after cardiac surgery and had Burkholderia cepacia complex detected in respiratory specimens. Two patients died of septic multi-organ failure. Whole-genome sequencing detected genetically identical B. cepacia complex strains in patient samples, from a batch of octenidine mouthwash solution, which had been used for nursing care, as well as in samples obtained from the manufacturer during production. Contamination of medical products during manufacturing may lead to international outbreaks...
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326996/divergent-approaches-in-the-vaccination-of-recently-arrived-migrants-to-europe-a-survey-of-national-experts-from-32-countries-2017
#15
Sally Hargreaves, Laura B Nellums, Sofanne J Ravensbergen, Jon S Friedland, Ymkje Stienstra, On Behalf Of The Esgitm Working Group On Vaccination In Migrants
BackgroundMigrants within the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) may be underimmunised and lack documentation on previous vaccinations. We investigated approaches to vaccination in recently arrived adult and child migrants, and guideline availability and implementation. Methods : Between March and May 2017, a national vaccination expert from every EU/EEA country and Switzerland completed an electronic questionnaire. We used descriptive analyses to calculate percentages, and framework analysis to synthesise free-text responses...
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326995/the-impact-of-10-years-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccination-in-australia-what-additional-disease-burden-will-a-nonavalent-vaccine-prevent
#16
Cyra Patel, Julia Ml Brotherton, Alexis Pillsbury, Sanjay Jayasinghe, Basil Donovan, Kristine Macartney, Helen Marshall
BACKGROUND: A National human papilloma virus (HPV) Vaccination Programme for the prevention of HPV infection and associated disease using the quadrivalent HPV vaccine (4vHPV) has been funded and implemented in Australia since 2007, initially for girls only and extended to boys in 2013, with uptake rates among the highest observed worldwide. AIM: We report on the impact of this national programme on HPV prevalence and associated disease burden and estimate the potential impact of adopting a nonavalent HPV (9vHPV) vaccine...
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326994/hepatitis-a-outbreak-linked-to-imported-frozen-strawberries-by-sequencing-sweden-and-austria-june-to-september-2018
#17
Theresa Enkirch, Ronnie Eriksson, Sofia Persson, Daniela Schmid, Stephan W Aberle, Emma Löf, Bengt Wittesjö, Birgitta Holmgren, Charlotte Johnzon, Eva X Gustafsson, Lena M Svensson, Lisa Labbé Sandelin, Lukas Richter, Mats Lindblad, Mia Brytting, Sabine Maritschnik, Tatjana Tallo, Therese Malm, Lena Sundqvist, Josefine Lundberg Ederth
Between June-September 2018, 20 hepatitis A cases were notified in six counties in Sweden. Combined epidemiological and microbiological investigations identified imported frozen strawberries produced in Poland as the source of the outbreak. Sequence analysis confirmed the outbreak strain IB in the strawberries with 100 % identity and the respective batch was withdrawn. Sharing the sequence information internationally led to the identification of 14 additional cases in Austria, linked to strawberries from the same producer...
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326993/cryptic-severe-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-in-a-moroccan-man-living-in-tuscany-italy-august-2018
#18
Lorenzo Zammarchi, Nicoletta Di Lauria, Filippo Bartalesi, Lorenzo Roberto Suardi, Giampaolo Corti, Jessica Mencarini, Daniela Boccolini, Carlo Severini, Luigi Gradoni, Carla Buonamici, Giorgio Garofalo, Anna Maria Bartolesi, Nunziata Ciccone, Andrea Berni, Loredana Poggesi, Fabrizio Niccolini, Gian Maria Rossolini, Roberto Romi, Alessandro Bartoloni
In August 2018 a Moroccan man living in Tuscany developed Plasmodium falciparum malaria. The patient declared having not recently visited any endemic country, leading to diagnostic delay and severe malaria. As susceptibility to P. falciparum of Anopheles species in Tuscany is very low, and other risk factors for acquiring malaria could not be completely excluded, the case remains cryptic, similar to other P. falciparum malaria cases previously reported in African individuals living in Apulia in 2017.
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326992/job-vacancy-at-the-european-centre-for-disease-prevention-and-control
#19
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326991/hepatitis-e-in-italy-5-years-of-national-epidemiological-virological-and-environmental-surveillance-2012-to-2016
#20
Valeria Alfonsi, Luisa Romanò, Anna Rita Ciccaglione, Giuseppina La Rosa, Roberto Bruni, Alessandro Zanetti, Simonetta Della Libera, Marcello Iaconelli, Patrizia Bagnarelli, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi, Anna Rosa Garbuglia, Flavia Riccardo, Maria Elena Tosti, Collaborating Group
Increasing numbers of hepatitis E cases are being reported in several European countries, including Italy, but the burden of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is largely unknown in the latter. To gain a better understanding of HEV epidemiology at national level in Italy, we piloted a strengthened and integrated human (epidemiological and virological) and environmental HEV surveillance system between 2012 and 2016. Over the 5-year period, 169 confirmed hepatitis E cases were identified, with a national annual incidence of 0...
October 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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