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Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494845/monitoring-influenza-virus-susceptibility-to-oseltamivir-using-a-new-rapid-assay-iart
#1
Larisa V Gubareva, Eric Fallows, Vasiliy P Mishin, Erin Hodges, Abdullah Brooks, John Barnes, Alicia M Fry, William Kramp, Roxanne Shively, David E Wentworth, Kristin Weidemaier, Ross Jacobson
A new rapid assay for detecting oseltamivir resistance in influenza virus, iART, was used to test 149 clinical specimens. Results were obtained for 132, with iART indicating 41 as 'resistant'. For these, sequence analysis found known and suspected markers of oseltamivir resistance, while no such markers were detected for the remaining 91 samples. Viruses isolated from the 41 specimens showed reduced or highly reduced inhibition by neuraminidase inhibition assay. iART may facilitate broader antiviral resistance testing...
May 4, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494844/west-nile-virus-surveillance-in-europe-moving-towards-an-integrated-animal-human-vector-approach
#2
Céline M Gossner, Laurence Marrama, Marianne Carson, Franz Allerberger, Paolo Calistri, Dimitrios Dilaveris, Sylvie Lecollinet, Dilys Morgan, Norbert Nowotny, Marie-Claire Paty, Danai Pervanidou, Caterina Rizzo, Helen Roberts, Friedrich Schmoll, Wim Van Bortel, Andrea Gervelmeyer
This article uses the experience of five European countries to review the integrated approaches (human, animal and vector) for surveillance and monitoring of West Nile virus (WNV) at national and European levels. The epidemiological situation of West Nile fever in Europe is heterogeneous. No model of surveillance and monitoring fits all, hence this article merely encourages countries to implement the integrated approach that meets their needs. Integration of surveillance and monitoring activities conducted by the public health authorities, the animal health authorities and the authorities in charge of vector surveillance and control should improve efficiency and save resources by implementing targeted measures...
May 4, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494843/passive-enhanced-safety-surveillance-for-vaxigrip-and-intanza-15-%C3%A2%C2%B5g-in-the-united-kingdom-and-finland-during-the-northern-hemisphere-influenza-season-2015-16
#3
Hélène Bricout, Anne Laure Chabanon, Audrey Souverain, Christine Sadorge, Timo Vesikari, Timothy David Caroe
Enhanced safety surveillance (ESS) was conducted in the United Kingdom and Finland for Vaxigrip and Intanza 15 µg to comply with the European Medicines Agency interim guidance aimed to detect any potential increase in reactogenicity in near real time following the annual update of the influenza vaccine strain composition. This pilot passive ESS was established to strengthen safety monitoring by facilitating spontaneous vaccinee reports and estimating near real-time vaccinee exposure. The primary objective was to estimate the reporting rates of suspected adverse reactions (ARs) occurring within 7 days post vaccination during the northern hemisphere 2015/16 influenza season...
May 4, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494842/two-consecutive-large-outbreaks-of-salmonella-muenchen-linked-to-pig-farming-in-germany-2013-to-2014-is-something-missing-in-our-regulatory-framework
#4
Anika Schielke, Wolfgang Rabsch, Rita Prager, Sandra Simon, Angelika Fruth, Rüdiger Helling, Martin Schnabel, Claudia Siffczyk, Sina Wieczorek, Sabine Schroeder, Beate Ahrens, Hanna Oppermann, Stefan Pfeiffer, Sophie Susann Merbecks, Bettina Rosner, Christina Frank, Armin A Weiser, Petra Luber, Andreas Gilsdorf, Klaus Stark, Dirk Werber
In 2013, raw pork was the suspected vehicle of a large outbreak (n = 203 cases) of Salmonella Muenchen in the German federal state of Saxony. In 2014, we investigated an outbreak (n = 247 cases) caused by the same serovar affecting Saxony and three further federal states in the eastern part of Germany. Evidence from epidemiological, microbiological and trace-back investigations strongly implicated different raw pork products as outbreak vehicles. Trace-back analysis of S. Muenchen-contaminated raw pork sausages narrowed the possible source down to 54 pig farms, and S...
May 4, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489000/suboptimal-mmr2-vaccine-coverage-in-six-counties-in-norway-detected-through-the-national-immunisation-registry-april-2014-to-april-2017
#5
Maria Hagerup-Jenssen, Sigrun Kongsrud, Øystein Rolandsen Riise
In 2014, Norway became aware of potential low vaccination coverage for the second dose of measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR2) in six of 19 counties. This was detected by comparing the national coverage (NC) for 16-year-olds extracted from the national immunisation registry SYSVAK with the annual status update for elimination of measles and rubella (ASU) reported to the World Health Organization (WHO). The existing method for calculating NC in 2014 did not show MMR2 coverage. ASU reporting on MMR2 was significantly lower then the NC and below the WHO-recommended 95% coverage...
April 27, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488999/immunisation-information-systems-useful-tools-for-monitoring-vaccination-programmes-in-eu-eea-countries-2016
#6
Tarik Derrough, Kate Olsson, Vincenza Gianfredi, Francois Simondon, Harald Heijbel, Niklas Danielsson, Piotr Kramarz, Lucia Pastore-Celentano
Immunisation Information Systems (IIS) are computerised confidential population based-systems containing individual-level information on vaccines received in a given area. They benefit individuals directly by ensuring vaccination according to the schedule and they provide information to vaccine providers and public health authorities responsible for the delivery and monitoring of an immunisation programme. In 2016, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) conducted a survey on the level of implementation and functionalities of IIS in 30 European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries...
April 27, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488998/ongoing-measles-outbreak-in-wallonia-belgium-december-2016-to-march-2017-characteristics-and-challenges
#7
Tine Grammens, Carole Schirvel, Sylvie Leenen, Nathalie Shodu, Veronik Hutse, Elise Mendes da Costa, Martine Sabbe
We describe characteristics of an ongoing measles outbreak in Wallonia, Belgium, and difficulties in control measures implementation. As at 12 March 2017, 177 measles cases were notified, of which 50% were 15 years and older, 49% female. Atypical clinical presentation and severe complications, mainly among adults, in combination with late notification, low or unknown vaccination coverage of contacts, infected healthcare workers and increased workload due to contact tracing, are the main concerns for outbreak management...
April 27, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488997/registries-an-essential-tool-for-maximising-the-health-benefits-of-immunisation-in-the-21st-century
#8
EDITORIAL
N S Crowcroft, D Levy-Bruhl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488996/assessing-varicella-vaccine-effectiveness-and-its-influencing-factors-using-health-insurance-claims-data-germany-2006-to-2015
#9
Thorsten Rieck, Marcel Feig, Matthias An der Heiden, Anette Siedler, Ole Wichmann
In Germany, routine childhood varicella vaccination was implemented in 2004 with two doses recommended since 2009. We used an immunisation information system based on countrywide health insurance claims data to analyse vaccine effectiveness (VE) and factors influencing VE. We applied proportional hazard models to estimate VE under various conditions and compared the risk of acquiring varicella among unvaccinated children in regions with high vs low vaccination coverage (VC). Among 1.4 million children we identified 29,404 varicella cases over a maximum follow-up of 8 years post-vaccination...
April 27, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488995/written-reminders-increase-vaccine-coverage-in-danish-children-evaluation-of-a-nationwide-intervention-using-the-danish-vaccination-register-2014-to-2015
#10
Camilla Hiul Suppli, Mette Rasmussen, Palle Valentiner-Branth, Kåre Mølbak, Tyra Grove Krause
We evaluated a national intervention of sending written reminders to parents of children lacking childhood vaccinations, using the Danish Vaccination Register (DDV). The intervention cohort included the full birth cohort of 124,189 children born in Denmark who reached the age of 2 and 6.5 years from 15 May 2014 to 14 May 2015. The reference cohort comprised 124,427 children who reached the age of 2 and 6.5 years from 15 May 2013 to 14 May 2014. Vaccination coverage was higher in the intervention cohort at 2...
April 27, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488994/establishing-and-maintaining-the-national-vaccination-register-in-finland
#11
Ulrike Baum, Jonas Sundman, Susanna Jääskeläinen, Hanna Nohynek, Taneli Puumalainen, Jukka Jokinen
Computerised, population-based vaccination registers are valuable tools for assessing the vaccine uptake and impact in populations. However, reliable impact assessment is only possible if the data quality can be reviewed and monitored continuously. This report describes the establishment and maintenance of the National Vaccination Register (NVR) in Finland. Currently, the NVR covers nationwide records of vaccinations given within the frame of the National Vaccination Programme since 2009. All vaccinations registered in the NVR contain a record of the personal identity code, the administered vaccine, and the date of vaccination...
April 27, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449736/predictors-of-hepatitis-b-vaccination-status-in-healthcare-workers-in-belgrade-serbia-december-2015
#12
Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic, Milena Kanazir, Tatjana Gazibara, Gorica Maric, Natasa Makismovic, Goranka Loncarevic, Tatjana Pekmezovic
Despite the availability of a safe and effective vaccine since 1982, overall coverage of hepatitis B vaccination among healthcare workers (HCWs) has not reached a satisfactory level in many countries worldwide. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B vaccination, and to assess the predictors of hepatitis B vaccination status among HCWs in Serbia. Of 380 randomly selected HCWs, 352 (92.6%) were included in the study. The prevalence of hepatitis B vaccination acceptance was 66.2%. The exploratory factor analyses using the vaccination-refusal scale showed that items clustered under 'threat of disease' explained the highest proportion (30...
April 20, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449732/three-cases-of-mcr-1-positive-colistin-resistant-escherichia-coli-bloodstream-infections-in-italy-august-2016-to-january-2017
#13
Marta Corbella, Bianca Mariani, Carolina Ferrari, Francesco Comandatore, Erika Scaltriti, Piero Marone, Patrizia Cambieri
We describe three cases of bloodstream infection caused by colistin-resistant Escherichia coli in patients in a tertiary hospital in Italy, between August 2016 and January 2017. Whole genome sequencing detected the mcr-1 gene in three isolated strains belonging to different sequence types (STs). This occurrence of three cases with mcr-1-positive E. coli belonging to different STs in six months suggests a widespread problem in settings where high multidrug resistance is endemic such as in Italy.
April 20, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449731/estimating-the-annual-burden-of-tick-borne-encephalitis-to-inform-vaccination-policy-slovenia-2009-to-2013
#14
Mario Fafangel, Alessandro Cassini, Edoardo Colzani, Irena Klavs, Marta Grgič Vitek, Veronika Učakar, Marion Muehlen, Marko Vudrag, Alenka Kraigher
With an annual incidence between 8 and 15 per 100,000 population in the period from 2009 to 2013, Slovenia has one of the highest notified incidences of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in Europe. TBE vaccination coverage remains at about 7.3%. To inform vaccination policy, we used surveillance data from 2009 to 2013 to calculate the overall and age- and sex-specific mean annual TBE incidence. We estimated disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) with 95% uncertainty intervals (UI), using the Burden of Communicable Diseases in Europe approach from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control...
April 20, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449730/hepatitis-e-and-blood-donation-safety-in-selected-european-countries-a-shift-to-screening
#15
Dragoslav Domanović, Richard Tedder, Johannes Blümel, Hans Zaaijer, Pierre Gallian, Christoph Niederhauser, Silvia Sauleda Oliveras, Joan O'Riordan, Fiona Boland, Lene Harritshøj, Maria São José Nascimento, Anna Rita Ciccaglione, Constatina Politis, Cornelia Adlhoch, Benoit Flan, Wahiba Oualikene-Gonin, Guy Rautmann, Paul Strengers, Patricia Hewitt
The public health implications of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in Europe have changed due to increasing numbers of hepatitis E cases and recent reports of chronic, persistent HEV infections associated with progression to cirrhosis in immunosuppressed patients. The main infectious risk for such immunosuppressed patients is exposure to undercooked infected pork products and blood transfusion. We summarised the epidemiology of HEV infections among blood donors and also outlined any strategies to prevent transfusion-transmitted HEV, in 11 European countries...
April 20, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449738/indistinguishable-ndm-producing-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-recreational-waters-sewage-and-a-clinical-specimen-in-ireland-2016-to-2017
#16
Bláthnaid M Mahon, Carina Brehony, Elaine McGrath, James Killeen, Martin Cormican, Paul Hickey, Shane Keane, Belinda Hanahoe, Ann Dolan, Dearbháile Morris
In this study, New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM)-producing Enterobacteriaceae were identified in Irish recreational waters and sewage. Indistinguishable NDM-producing Escherichia coli by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis were isolated from sewage, a fresh water stream and a human source. NDM-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from sewage and seawater in the same area were closely related to each other and to a human isolate. This raises concerns regarding the potential for sewage discharges to contribute to the spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae...
April 13, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449737/authors-reply-concern-regarding-the-alleged-spread-of-hypervirulent-lymphogranuloma-venereum-chlamydia-trachomatis-strain-in-europe
#17
LETTER
Fruzsina Petrovay, Eszter Balla, Timea Erdősi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449735/maternal-pertussis-immunisation-clinical-gains-and-epidemiological-legacy
#18
Ana I Bento, Aaron A King, Pejman Rohani
The increase in whooping cough (pertussis) incidence in many countries with high routine vaccination coverage is alarming, with incidence in the US reaching almost 50,000 reported cases per year, reflecting incidence levels not seen since the 1950s. While the potential explanations for this resurgence remain debated, we face an urgent need to protect newborns, especially during the time window between birth and the first routine vaccination dose. Maternal immunisation has been proposed as an effective strategy for protecting neonates, who are at higher risk of severe pertussis disease and mortality...
April 13, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449734/concern-regarding-the-alleged-spread-of-hypervirulent-lymphogranuloma-venereum-chlamydia-trachomatis-strain-in-europe
#19
LETTER
Helena Mb Seth-Smith, Juan C Galán, Daniel Goldenberger, David A Lewis, Olivia Peuchant, Cecile Bébéar, Bertille de Barbeyrac, Angele Bénard, Ian Carter, Jen Kok, Sylvia M Bruisten, Bart Versteeg, Servaas A Morré, Nicholas R Thomson, Adrian Egli, Henry Jc de Vries
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449733/erratum-for-euro-surveill-2017-22-14
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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