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Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162212/comparing-antibiotic-consumption-between-two-european-countries-are-packages-an-adequate-surrogate-for-prescriptions
#1
Laurence Watier, Philippe Cavalié, Bruno Coignard, Christian Brun-Buisson
Defined daily doses (DDD) are the gold standard indicator for quantifying prescriptions. Since 2014, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) has also been using the number of packages per 1,000 inhabitants per day (ipd), as a surrogate for prescriptions, to report antibiotic consumption in the community and to perform comparisons between European Union (EU) countries participating in the European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption Network (ESAC-Net). In 2015, consumption was reported to range across Europe from 1...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162211/dynamics-of-the-pneumonic-plague-epidemic-in-madagascar-august-to-october-2017
#2
Shinya Tsuzuki, Hyojung Lee, Fuminari Miura, Yat Hin Chan, Sung-Mok Jung, Andrei R Akhmetzhanov, Hiroshi Nishiura
Transmission potential and severity of pneumonic plague in Madagascar were assessed. Accounting for reporting delay, the reproduction number was estimated at 1.73. The case fatality risk was estimated as 5.5%. Expected numbers of exported cases from Madagascar were estimated across the world and all estimates were below 1 person from August to October, 2017.
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162210/letter-to-the-editor-livestock-associated-meticillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-la-mrsa-austria-2013
#3
Werner Ruppitsch, Stefanie Monschein, Sarah Lepuschitz, Franz Allerberger, Burkhard Springer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162209/an-outbreak-of-chickenpox-in-an-asylum-seeker-centre-in-italy-outbreak-investigation-and-validity-of-reported-chickenpox-history-december-2015-may-2016
#4
Francesco Vairo, Virginia Di Bari, Vincenzo Panella, Giuseppe Quintavalle, Saul Torchia, Maria Cristina Serra, Maria Teresa Sinopoli, Maurizio Lopalco, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Federica Ferraro, Sabrina Valle, Licia Bordi, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi, Vincenzo Puro, Paola Scognamiglio, Giuseppe Ippolito, The Outbreak Investigation Group
An outbreak of chickenpox occurred between December 2015 and May 2016 among asylum seekers in a reception centre in Latium, Italy. We describe the epidemiological and laboratory investigations, control measures and validity of reported history of chickenpox infection. Serological screening of all residents and incoming asylum seekers was performed, followed by vaccine offer to all susceptible individuals without contraindication. Forty-six cases were found and 41 were associated with the outbreak. No complications, hospitalisations or deaths occurred...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162208/national-laboratory-based-surveillance-system-for-antimicrobial-resistance-a-successful-tool-to-support-the-control-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-the-netherlands
#5
Wieke Altorf-van der Kuil, Annelot F Schoffelen, Sabine C de Greeff, Steven Ft Thijsen, H Jeroen Alblas, Daan W Notermans, Anne Lm Vlek, Marianne Ab van der Sande, Tjalling Leenstra, The National Amr Surveillance Study Group
An important cornerstone in the control of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a well-designed quantitative system for the surveillance of spread and temporal trends in AMR. Since 2008, the Dutch national AMR surveillance system, based on routine data from medical microbiological laboratories (MMLs), has developed into a successful tool to support the control of AMR in the Netherlands. It provides background information for policy making in public health and healthcare services, supports development of empirical antibiotic therapy guidelines and facilitates in-depth research...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162207/note-from-the-editors-10th-european-antibiotic-awareness-day-eaad-raising-awareness-about-prudent-use-of-antimicrobials-to-help-curb-antimicrobial-resistance
#6
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162206/authors-correction-for-euro-surveill-2017-22-27
#7
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162205/gastroenteritis-outbreaks-on-cruise-ships-contributing-factors-and-thresholds-for-early-outbreak-detection
#8
Varvara A Mouchtouri, Eleni Verykouki, Dumitru Zamfir, Christos Hadjipetris, Hannah C Lewis, Christos Hadjichristodoulou, The Eu Shipsan Act Partnership
When an increased number of acute gastroenteritis (AG) cases is detected among tourists staying at the same accommodation, outbreak management plans must be activated in a timely manner to prevent large outbreaks. Syndromic surveillance data collected between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2013 by five seagoing cruise ships were analysed to identify attack rate thresholds for early outbreak detection. The overall incidence rate of AG was 2.81 cases per 10,000 traveller-days (95% confidence interval (CI): 0...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162204/surveillance-and-laboratory-detection-for-non-polio-enteroviruses-in-the-european-union-european-economic-area-2016
#9
Heli Harvala, Aftab Jasir, Pasi Penttinen, Lucia Pastore Celentano, Donato Greco, Eeva Broberg
Enteroviruses (EVs) cause severe outbreaks of respiratory and neurological disease as illustrated by EV-D68 and EV-A71 outbreaks, respectively. We have mapped European laboratory capacity for identification and characterisation of non-polio EVs to improve preparedness to respond to (re)-emerging EVs linked to severe disease. An online questionnaire on non-polio EV surveillance and laboratory detection was submitted to all 30 European Union (EU)/European Economic Area (EEA) countries. Twenty-nine countries responded; 26 conducted laboratory-based non-polio EV surveillance, and 24 included neurological infections in their surveillance...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162203/author-s-correction-for-euro-surveill-2017-22-43
#10
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162202/epidemiological-information-is-key-when-interpreting-whole-genome-sequence-data-lessons-learned-from-a-large-legionella-pneumophila-outbreak-in-warstein-germany-2013
#11
Markus Petzold, Karola Prior, Jacob Moran-Gilad, Dag Harmsen, Christian Lück
IntroductionWhole genome sequencing (WGS) is increasingly used in Legionnaires' disease (LD) outbreak investigations, owing to its higher resolution than sequence-based typing, the gold standard typing method for Legionella pneumophila, in the analysis of endemic strains. Recently, a gene-by-gene typing approach based on 1,521 core genes called core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST) was described that enables a robust and standardised typing of L. pneumophila. Methods: We applied this cgMLST scheme to isolates obtained during the largest outbreak of LD reported so far in Germany...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113630/end-of-season-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-in-adults-and-children-united-kingdom-2016-17
#12
Richard Pebody, Fiona Warburton, Joanna Ellis, Nick Andrews, Alison Potts, Simon Cottrell, Arlene Reynolds, Rory Gunson, Catherine Thompson, Monica Galiano, Chris Robertson, Naomh Gallagher, Mary Sinnathamby, Ivelina Yonova, Ana Correa, Catherine Moore, Muhammad Sartaj, Simon de Lusignan, Jim McMenamin, Maria Zambon
IntroductionThe United Kingdom is in the fourth season of introducing a universal childhood influenza vaccine programme. The 2016/17 season saw early influenza A(H3N2) virus circulation with care home outbreaks and increased excess mortality particularly in those 65 years or older. Virus characterisation data indicated emergence of genetic clusters within the A(H3N2) 3C.2a group which the 2016/17 vaccine strain belonged to. Methods: The test-negative case-control (TNCC) design was used to estimate vaccine effectiveness (VE) against laboratory confirmed influenza in primary care...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113629/transmission-dynamics-of-the-ongoing-chikungunya-outbreak-in-central-italy-from-coastal-areas-to-the-metropolitan-city-of-rome-summer-2017
#13
Mattia Manica, Giorgio Guzzetta, Piero Poletti, Federico Filipponi, Angelo Solimini, Beniamino Caputo, Alessandra Della Torre, Roberto Rosà, Stefano Merler
A large chikungunya outbreak is ongoing in Italy, with a main cluster in the Anzio coastal municipality. With preliminary epidemiological data, and a transmission model using mosquito abundance and biting rates, we estimated the basic reproduction number R0 at 2.07 (95% credible interval: 1.47-2.59) and the first case importation between 21 May and 18 June 2017. Outbreak risk was higher in coastal/rural sites than urban ones. Novel transmission foci could occur up to mid-November.
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113628/livestock-associated-meticillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-among-human-mrsa-isolates-european-union-european-economic-area-countries-2013
#14
Pete Kinross, Andreas Petersen, Robert Skov, Evelyn Van Hauwermeiren, Annalisa Pantosti, Frédéric Laurent, Andreas Voss, Jan Kluytmans, Marc J Struelens, Ole Heuer, Dominique L Monnet, The European Human LA-Mrsa Study Group
Currently, surveillance of livestock-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) in humans in Europe is not systematic but mainly event-based. In September 2014, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) initiated a questionnaire to collect data on the number of LA-MRSA from human samples (one isolate per patient) from national/regional reference laboratories in European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries in 2013. Identification of LA-MRSA as clonal complex (CC) 398 by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was preferred, although surrogate methods such as spa-typing were also accepted...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113627/the-proportion-of-asymptomatic-infections-and-spectrum-of-disease-among-pregnant-women-infected-by-zika-virus-systematic-monitoring-in-french-guiana-2016
#15
Claude Flamand, Camille Fritzell, Séverine Matheus, Maryvonne Dueymes, Gabriel Carles, Anne Favre, Antoine Enfissi, Antoine Adde, Magalie Demar, Mirdad Kazanji, Simon Cauchemez, Dominique Rousset
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has been associated with complications during pregnancy. Although the presence of symptoms might be a risk factor for complication, the proportion of ZIKV-infected pregnant women with symptoms remains unknown. Following the emergence of ZIKV in French Guiana, all pregnancies in the territory were monitored by RT-PCR and/or detection of ZIKV antibodies. Follow-up data collected during pregnancy monitoring interviews were analysed from 1 February to 1 June 2016. We enrolled 3,050 pregnant women aged 14-48 years and 573 (19%) had laboratory-confirmed ZIKV infection...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090681/low-interim-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-australia-1-may-to-24-september-2017
#16
Sheena G Sullivan, Monique B Chilver, Kylie S Carville, Yi-Mo Deng, Kristina A Grant, Geoff Higgins, Naomi Komadina, Vivian Ky Leung, Cara A Minney-Smith, Don Teng, Thomas Tran, Nigel Stocks, James E Fielding
In 2017, influenza seasonal activity was high in the southern hemisphere. We present interim influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) estimates from Australia. Adjusted VE was low overall at 33% (95% confidence interval (CI): 17 to 46), 50% (95% CI: 8 to 74) for A(H1)pdm09, 10% (95% CI: -16 to 31) for A(H3) and 57% (95% CI: 41 to 69) for influenza B. For A(H3), VE was poorer for those vaccinated in the current and prior seasons.
October 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090680/vim-1-carbapenemase-producing-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-retail-seafood-germany-2016
#17
Nicole Roschanski, Sebastian Guenther, Thi Thu Tra Vu, Jennie Fischer, Torsten Semmler, Stephan Huehn, Thomas Alter, Uwe Roesler
Carbapenems belong to the group of last resort antibiotics in human medicine. Therefore, the emergence of growing numbers of carbapenemase-producing bacteria in food-producing animals or the environment is worrying and an important concern for the public health sector. In the present study, a set of 45 Enterobacteriaceae isolated from German retail seafood (clams and shrimps), sampled in 2016, were investigated by real-time PCR for the presence of carbapenemase-producing bacteria. One Escherichia coli (ST10), isolated from a Venus clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) harvested in the Mediterranean Sea (Italy), contained the carbapenemase gene blaVIM-1 as part of the variable region of a class I integron...
October 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090679/pet-rodents-as-possible-risk-for-leptospirosis-belgium-and-france-2009-to-2016
#18
Marcella Mori, Pascale Bourhy, Marine Le Guyader, Marjan Van Esbroeck, Zorée Djelouadji, Alexandra Septfons, Angeli Kodjo, Mathieu Picardeau
Leptospirosis is an under-reported and emerging zoonotic disease which is potentially fatal in humans. Rodents are the main reservoirs for pathogenic Leptospira spp., but diagnosis in these animals is difficult, and their infection, which does not induce symptoms, usually goes unoticed. Although the exposures of most human cases of leptospirosis are poorly documented, we were able to identify six human cases of leptospirosis which were associated with direct contact with pet rodents (mice or rats) in Belgium and France between 2009 and 2016...
October 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090678/risk-of-transmission-of-sporadic-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-by-surgical-procedures-systematic-reviews-and-quality-of-evidence
#19
Fernando J García López, María Ruiz-Tovar, Javier Almazán-Isla, Enrique Alcalde-Cabero, Miguel Calero, Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta
BACKGROUND: Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is potentially transmissible to humans. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to summarise and rate the quality of the evidence of the association between surgery and sCJD. DESIGN AND METHODS: Firstly, we conducted systematic reviews and meta-analyses of case-control studies with major surgical procedures as exposures under study. To assess quality of evidence, we used the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE) approach...
October 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067905/multidrug-resistant-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-infection-with-ceftriaxone-resistance-and-intermediate-resistance-to-azithromycin-denmark-2017
#20
David Terkelsen, Jacob Tolstrup, Camilla Hundahl Johnsen, Ole Lund, Helle Kiellberg Larsen, Peder Worning, Magnus Unemo, Henrik Westh
We describe a multidrug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection with ceftriaxone resistance and azithromycin intermediate resistance in a heterosexual man in Denmark, 2017. Whole genome sequencing of the strain GK124 identified MSLT ST1903, NG-MAST ST1614 and all relevant resistance determinants including similar penA resistance mutations previously described in ceftriaxone-resistant gonococcal strains. Although treatment with ceftriaxone 0.5 g plus azithromycin 2 g was successful, increased awareness of spread of gonococcal strains threatening the recommended dual therapy is crucial...
October 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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