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Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602163/investigation-of-a-food-borne-outbreak-of-gastroenteritis-in-a-school-canteen-revealed-a-variant-of-sapovirus-genogroup-v-not-detected-by-standard-pcr-sollentuna-sweden-2016
#1
Maria-Pia Hergens, Joanna Nederby Öhd, Erik Alm, Helena H Askling, Sofia Helgesson, Mona Insulander, Nina Lagerqvist, Bo Svenungsson, Malin Tihane, Thomas Tolfvenstam, Per Follin
A food-borne outbreak of gastroenteritis with more than 650 suspected cases occurred in April 2016 in Sollentuna, Sweden. It originated in a school kitchen serving a total of 2,700 meals daily. Initial microbiological testing (for Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia, Giardia, Cryptosporidium, Entamoeba histolytica, adeno-, astro-, noro-, rota- and sapovirus) of stool samples from 15 symptomatic cases was negative, despite a clinical presentation suggestive of calicivirus. Analyses of the findings from both the Sollentuna municipality environmental team and a web-based questionnaire suggested that the source of the outbreak was the salad buffet served on 20 April, although no specific food item could be identified...
June 1, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598324/a-case-control-study-to-assess-the-effectiveness-of-pertussis-vaccination-during-pregnancy-on-newborns-valencian-community-spain-1-march-2015-to-29-february-2016
#2
Juan Bellido-Blasco, Silvia Guiral-Rodrigo, Ana Míguez-Santiyán, Antonio Salazar-Cifre, Francisco González-Morán
In the Valencian Community (Spain), the programme of maternal pertussis vaccination during pregnancy started in January 2015. The objective of this study was to estimate in this region the vaccine effectiveness (VE) in protecting newborns against laboratory-confirmed pertussis infection. A matched case-control study was undertaken in the period between 1 March 2015 and 29 February 2016. Twenty-two cases and 66 controls (+/- 15 days of age difference) were included in the study. Cases were non-vaccinated infants < 3 months of age at disease onset testing positive for pertussis by real-time PCR...
June 1, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597832/development-and-validation-of-the-hcv-mosaic-risk-score-to-assist-testing-for-acute-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-infection-in-hiv-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm
#3
Astrid M Newsum, Ineke G Stolte, Jan Tm van der Meer, Janke Schinkel, Marc van der Valk, Joost W Vanhommerig, Anne Buvé, Mark Danta, Arjan Hogewoning, Maria Prins
Current guidelines recommend hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing for HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) with ongoing risk behaviour, without specifying the type of risk behaviour. We developed and validated the HCV-MOSAIC risk score to assist HCV testing in HIV-infected MSM. The risk score consisted of six self-reported risk factors identified using multivariable logistic regression using data from the Dutch MOSAIC study (n = 213, 2009-2013). Area under the ROC curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, post-test-probability-of-disease and diagnostic gain were calculated...
May 25, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597831/ongoing-haemolytic-uraemic-syndrome-hus-outbreak-caused-by-sorbitol-fermenting-sf-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-stec-o157-germany-december-2016-to-may-2017
#4
Sabine Vygen-Bonnet, Bettina Rosner, Hendrik Wilking, Angelika Fruth, Rita Prager, Annelene Kossow, Christina Lang, Sandra Simon, Juliane Seidel, Mirko Faber, Anika Schielke, Kai Michaelis, Alexandra Holzer, Rolf Kamphausen, Daniela Kalhöfer, Sebastian Thole, Alexander Mellmann, Antje Flieger, Klaus Stark
We report an ongoing, protracted and geographically dispersed outbreak of haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) and gastroenteritis in Germany, involving 30 cases since December 2016. The outbreak was caused by the sorbitol-fermenting immotile variant of Shiga toxin-producing (STEC) Escherichia coli O157. Molecular typing revealed close relatedness between isolates from 14 cases. One HUS patient died. Results of a case-control study suggest packaged minced meat as the most likely food vehicle. Food safety investigations are ongoing...
May 25, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597830/response-to-a-wild-poliovirus-type-2-wpv2-shedding-event-following-accidental-exposure-to-wpv2-the-netherlands-april-2017
#5
Erwin Duizer, Wilhelmina Lm Ruijs, Charlie P van der Weijden, Aura Timen
On 3 April 2017, a wild poliovirus type 2 (WPV2) spill occurred in a Dutch vaccine manufacturing plant. Two fully vaccinated operators with risk of exposure were advised on stringent personal hygiene and were monitored for virus shedding. Poliovirus (WPV2-MEF1) was detected in the stool of one, 4 days after exposure, later also in sewage samples. The operator was isolated at home and followed up until shedding stopped 29 days after exposure. No further transmission was detected.
May 25, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598325/human-t-lymphotropic-viruses-htlv-in-england-and-wales-2004-to-2013-testing-and-diagnoses
#6
Georgina Ireland, Sara Croxford, Jennifer Tosswill, Rajani Raghu, Katy Davison, Patricia Hewitt, Ruth Simmons, Graham Taylor
Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) infection has been under enhanced surveillance in England and Wales since 2002, however, little is known about testing patterns. Using data from two surveillance systems held at Public Health England, we described HTLV antibody testing patterns between 2008 and 2013 and the demographic and clinical characteristics of persons diagnosed with HTLV in England and Wales between 2004 and 2013. An increase in HTLV testing was observed in England between 2008 and 2013 (3,581 to 7,130)...
May 18, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552101/allergic-adverse-events-following-2015-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-victoria-australia
#7
Hazel J Clothier, Nigel Crawford, Melissa A Russell, Jim P Buttery
Australia was alerted to a possible increase in allergy-related adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) with 2015 seasonal trivalent influenza vaccines (TIV) by the Victorian state vaccine safety service, SAEFVIC. We describe SAEFVIC's initial investigation and upon conclusion of the 2015 influenza vaccination programme, to define the signal event and implications for vaccine programmes. Allergy-related AEFI were defined as anaphylaxis, angioedema, urticaria or generalised allergic reaction. Investigations compared 2015 TIV AEFI reports to previous years as proportions and reporting risk (RR) per 100,000, stratified by influenza vaccine brand...
May 18, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537548/travel-associated-gonorrhoea-in-four-nordic-countries-2008%C3%A2-to%C3%A2-2013
#8
Julien Beauté, Susan Cowan, Eija Hiltunen-Back, Hilde Kløvstad, Inga Velicko, Gianfranco Spiteri
Travel may be associated with a higher risk of gonorrhoea and infection by antibiotic-resistant strains. The objective of this study was to estimate the risk for gonorrhoea among travellers from four Nordic European countries using surveillance data and to identify at-risk travellers to help target interventions. We retrieved gonorrhoea surveillance data from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden and tourism denominator data from the Statistical Office of the European Union. A travel-associated case of gonorrhoea was defined as one for which the reported country of infection differed from the reporting country...
May 18, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537550/household-transmission-of-invasive-group-a-streptococcus-infections-in-england-a-population-based-study-2009-2011-to-2013
#9
Rachel Mearkle, Maria Saavedra-Campos, Theresa Lamagni, Martine Usdin, Juliana Coelho, Vicki Chalker, Shiranee Sriskandan, Rebecca Cordery, Chas Rawlings, Sooria Balasegaram
Invasive group A streptococcal infection has a 15% case fatality rate and a risk of secondary transmission. This retrospective study used two national data sources from England; enhanced surveillance (2009) and a case management system (2011-2013) to identify clusters of severe group A streptococcal disease. Twenty-four household pairs were identified. The median onset interval between cases was 2 days (range 0-28) with simultaneous onset in eight pairs. The attack rate during the 30 days after first exposure to a primary case was 4,520 per 100,000 person-years at risk (95% confidence interval (CI): 2,900-6,730) a 1,940 (95% CI: 1,240-2,880) fold elevation over the background incidence...
May 11, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537549/authors-correction-for-euro-surveill-2017-22-11
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537547/increasing-proportion-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-and-emergence-of-a-mcr-1-producer-through-a-multicentric-study-among-hospital-based-and-private-laboratories-in-belgium-from-september-to-november-2015
#11
Te Din Huang, Pierre Bogaerts, Catherine Berhin, Martin Hoebeke, Caroline Bauraing, Youri Glupczynski
Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) strains have been increasingly reported in Belgium. We aimed to determine the proportion of CPE among Enterobacteriaceae isolated from hospitalised patients and community outpatients in Belgium in 2015. For the hospitalised patients, the results were compared to a previous similar survey performed in the same hospitals in 2012. Twenty-four hospital-based and 10 private laboratories collected prospectively 200 non-duplicated Enterobacteriaceae isolates from clinical specimens...
May 11, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537546/biological-characterisation-of-the-emerged-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-hpai-a-h7n9-viruses-in-humans-in-mainland-china-2016-to-2017
#12
Wenfei Zhu, Jianfang Zhou, Zi Li, Lei Yang, Xiyan Li, Weijuan Huang, Sumei Zou, Wenbing Chen, Hejiang Wei, Jing Tang, Liqi Liu, Jie Dong, Dayan Wang, Yuelong Shu
With no or low virulence in poultry, avian influenza A(H7N9) virus has caused severe infections in humans. In the current fifth epidemic wave, a highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H7N9 virus emerged. The insertion of four amino acids (KRTA) at the haemagglutinin (HA) cleavage site enabled trypsin-independent infectivity of this virus. Although maintaining dual receptor-binding preference, its HA antigenicity was distinct from low-pathogenic avian influenza A(H7N9). The neuraminidase substitution R292K conferred a multidrug resistance phenotype...
May 11, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494845/monitoring-influenza-virus-susceptibility-to-oseltamivir-using-a-new-rapid-assay-iart
#13
Larisa V Gubareva, Eric Fallows, Vasiliy P Mishin, Erin Hodges, Abdullah Brooks, John Barnes, Alicia M Fry, William Kramp, Roxanne Shively, David E Wentworth, Kristin Weidemaier, Ross Jacobson
A new rapid assay for detecting oseltamivir resistance in influenza virus, iART, was used to test 149 clinical specimens. Results were obtained for 132, with iART indicating 41 as 'resistant'. For these, sequence analysis found known and suspected markers of oseltamivir resistance, while no such markers were detected for the remaining 91 samples. Viruses isolated from the 41 specimens showed reduced or highly reduced inhibition by neuraminidase inhibition assay. iART may facilitate broader antiviral resistance testing...
May 4, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494844/west-nile-virus-surveillance-in-europe-moving-towards-an-integrated-animal-human-vector-approach
#14
Céline M Gossner, Laurence Marrama, Marianne Carson, Franz Allerberger, Paolo Calistri, Dimitrios Dilaveris, Sylvie Lecollinet, Dilys Morgan, Norbert Nowotny, Marie-Claire Paty, Danai Pervanidou, Caterina Rizzo, Helen Roberts, Friedrich Schmoll, Wim Van Bortel, Andrea Gervelmeyer
This article uses the experience of five European countries to review the integrated approaches (human, animal and vector) for surveillance and monitoring of West Nile virus (WNV) at national and European levels. The epidemiological situation of West Nile fever in Europe is heterogeneous. No model of surveillance and monitoring fits all, hence this article merely encourages countries to implement the integrated approach that meets their needs. Integration of surveillance and monitoring activities conducted by the public health authorities, the animal health authorities and the authorities in charge of vector surveillance and control should improve efficiency and save resources by implementing targeted measures...
May 4, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494843/passive-enhanced-safety-surveillance-for-vaxigrip-and-intanza-15-%C3%A2%C2%B5g-in-the-united-kingdom-and-finland-during-the-northern-hemisphere-influenza-season-2015-16
#15
Hélène Bricout, Anne Laure Chabanon, Audrey Souverain, Christine Sadorge, Timo Vesikari, Timothy David Caroe
Enhanced safety surveillance (ESS) was conducted in the United Kingdom and Finland for Vaxigrip and Intanza 15 µg to comply with the European Medicines Agency interim guidance aimed to detect any potential increase in reactogenicity in near real time following the annual update of the influenza vaccine strain composition. This pilot passive ESS was established to strengthen safety monitoring by facilitating spontaneous vaccinee reports and estimating near real-time vaccinee exposure. The primary objective was to estimate the reporting rates of suspected adverse reactions (ARs) occurring within 7 days post vaccination during the northern hemisphere 2015/16 influenza season...
May 4, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494842/two-consecutive-large-outbreaks-of-salmonella-muenchen-linked-to-pig-farming-in-germany-2013-to-2014-is-something-missing-in-our-regulatory-framework
#16
Anika Schielke, Wolfgang Rabsch, Rita Prager, Sandra Simon, Angelika Fruth, Rüdiger Helling, Martin Schnabel, Claudia Siffczyk, Sina Wieczorek, Sabine Schroeder, Beate Ahrens, Hanna Oppermann, Stefan Pfeiffer, Sophie Susann Merbecks, Bettina Rosner, Christina Frank, Armin A Weiser, Petra Luber, Andreas Gilsdorf, Klaus Stark, Dirk Werber
In 2013, raw pork was the suspected vehicle of a large outbreak (n = 203 cases) of Salmonella Muenchen in the German federal state of Saxony. In 2014, we investigated an outbreak (n = 247 cases) caused by the same serovar affecting Saxony and three further federal states in the eastern part of Germany. Evidence from epidemiological, microbiological and trace-back investigations strongly implicated different raw pork products as outbreak vehicles. Trace-back analysis of S. Muenchen-contaminated raw pork sausages narrowed the possible source down to 54 pig farms, and S...
May 4, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489000/suboptimal-mmr2-vaccine-coverage-in-six-counties-in-norway-detected-through-the-national-immunisation-registry-april-2014-to-april-2017
#17
Maria Hagerup-Jenssen, Sigrun Kongsrud, Øystein Rolandsen Riise
In 2014, Norway became aware of potential low vaccination coverage for the second dose of measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR2) in six of 19 counties. This was detected by comparing the national coverage (NC) for 16-year-olds extracted from the national immunisation registry SYSVAK with the annual status update for elimination of measles and rubella (ASU) reported to the World Health Organization (WHO). The existing method for calculating NC in 2014 did not show MMR2 coverage. ASU reporting on MMR2 was significantly lower then the NC and below the WHO-recommended 95% coverage...
April 27, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488999/immunisation-information-systems-useful-tools-for-monitoring-vaccination-programmes-in-eu-eea-countries-2016
#18
Tarik Derrough, Kate Olsson, Vincenza Gianfredi, Francois Simondon, Harald Heijbel, Niklas Danielsson, Piotr Kramarz, Lucia Pastore-Celentano
Immunisation Information Systems (IIS) are computerised confidential population based-systems containing individual-level information on vaccines received in a given area. They benefit individuals directly by ensuring vaccination according to the schedule and they provide information to vaccine providers and public health authorities responsible for the delivery and monitoring of an immunisation programme. In 2016, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) conducted a survey on the level of implementation and functionalities of IIS in 30 European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries...
April 27, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488998/ongoing-measles-outbreak-in-wallonia-belgium-december-2016-to-march-2017-characteristics-and-challenges
#19
Tine Grammens, Carole Schirvel, Sylvie Leenen, Nathalie Shodu, Veronik Hutse, Elise Mendes da Costa, Martine Sabbe
We describe characteristics of an ongoing measles outbreak in Wallonia, Belgium, and difficulties in control measures implementation. As at 12 March 2017, 177 measles cases were notified, of which 50% were 15 years and older, 49% female. Atypical clinical presentation and severe complications, mainly among adults, in combination with late notification, low or unknown vaccination coverage of contacts, infected healthcare workers and increased workload due to contact tracing, are the main concerns for outbreak management...
April 27, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488997/registries-an-essential-tool-for-maximising-the-health-benefits-of-immunisation-in-the-21st-century
#20
EDITORIAL
N S Crowcroft, D Levy-Bruhl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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