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Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920574/status-quality-and-specific-needs-of-zika-virus-zikv-diagnostic-capacity-and-capability-in-national-reference-laboratories-for-arboviruses-in-30-eu-eea-countries-may-2016
#1
Ramona Mögling, Hervé Zeller, Joana Revez, Marion Koopmans, Chantal Reusken
With international travel, Zika virus (ZIKV) is introduced to Europe regularly. A country's ability to robustly detect ZIKV introduction and local transmission is important to minimise the risk for a ZIKV outbreak. Therefore, sufficient expertise and diagnostic capacity and capability are required in European laboratories. To assess the capacity, quality, operational specifics (guidelines and algorithms), technical and interpretation issues and other possible difficulties that were related to ZIKV diagnostics in European countries, a questionnaire was conducted among national reference laboratories in 30 countries in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) in May 2016...
September 7, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920573/preliminary-findings-indicate-nosocomial-transmission-and-roma-population-as-most-affected-group-in-ongoing-measles-b3-genotype-outbreak-in-bulgaria-march-to-august-2017
#2
Anna Kurchatova, Stefka Krumova, Nadezhda Vladimirova, Lubomira Nikolaeva-Glomb, Asya Stoyanova, Todor Kantardjiev, Nina Gatcheva
From March to August 2017, 165 measles cases were reported from three regions in Bulgaria. The age range was 0-55 years and 66% of the cases were under 9 years. The Roma population was disproportionally affected (89% of cases), 41% cases were unvaccinated and in 24 cases there was nosocomial transmission mostly in paediatric departments. A child under 12 months of age died. Control measures have been taken and the investigation is still ongoing.
September 7, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920572/addendum-for-euro-surveill-2017-22-35
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920571/recurrent-seasonal-outbreak-of-an-emerging-serotype-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-stec-o55-h7-stx2a-in-the-south-west-of-england-july-2014-to-september-2015
#4
Noëleen McFarland, Nick Bundle, Claire Jenkins, Gauri Godbole, Amy Mikhail, Tim Dallman, Catherine O'Connor, Noel McCarthy, Emer O'Connell, Juli Treacy, Girija Dabke, James Mapstone, Yvette Landy, Janet Moore, Rachel Partridge, Frieda Jorgensen, Caroline Willis, Piers Mook, Chas Rawlings, Richard Acornley, Charlotte Featherstone, Sharleen Gayle, Joanne Edge, Eleanor McNamara, Jeremy Hawker, Sooria Balasegaram
The first documented British outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O55:H7 began in the county of Dorset, England, in July 2014. Since then, there have been a total of 31 cases of which 13 presented with haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS). The outbreak strain had Shiga toxin (Stx) subtype 2a associated with an elevated risk of HUS. This strain had not previously been isolated from humans or animals in England. The only epidemiological link was living in or having close links to two areas in Dorset...
September 7, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877846/environmental-surveillance-during-an-outbreak-of-tularaemia-in-hares-the-netherlands-2015
#5
Ingmar Janse, Miriam Maas, Jolianne M Rijks, Miriam Koene, Rozemarijn Qj van der Plaats, Marc Engelsma, Peter van der Tas, Marieta Braks, Arjan Stroo, Daan W Notermans, Maaike C de Vries, Frans Reubsaet, Ewout Fanoy, Corien Swaan, Marja Jl Kik, Jooske IJzer, Ryanne I Jaarsma, Sip van Wieren, Ana Maria de Roda-Husman, Mark van Passel, Hendrik-Jan Roest, Joke van der Giessen
Tularaemia, a disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, is a re-emerging zoonosis in the Netherlands. After sporadic human and hare cases occurred in the period 2011 to 2014, a cluster of F. tularensis-infected hares was recognised in a region in the north of the Netherlands from February to May 2015. No human cases were identified, including after active case finding. Presence of F. tularensis was investigated in potential reservoirs and transmission routes, including common voles, arthropod vectors and surface waters...
August 31, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877845/letter-to-the-editor-surveillance-of-mcr-1-and-mcr-2-genes-in-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-strains-from-an-italian-hospital
#6
LETTER
Carolina Venditti, Carla Nisii, Silvia D'Arezzo, Antonella Vulcano, Antonino Di Caro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877844/the-spatiotemporal-characteristics-of-influenza-a-and-b-in-the-who-european-region-can-one-define-influenza-transmission-zones-in-europe
#7
Saverio Caini, Wladimir J Alonso, Clotilde El-Guerche Séblain, François Schellevis, John Paget
We aimed to assess the epidemiology and spatiotemporal patterns of influenza in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region and evaluate the validity of partitioning the Region into five influenza transmission zones (ITZs) as proposed by the WHO. We used the FluNet database and included over 650,000 influenza cases from 2000 to 2015. We analysed the data by country and season (from July to the following June). We calculated the median proportion of cases caused by each virus type in a season, compared the timing of the primary peak between countries and used a range of cluster analysis methods to assess the degree of overlap between the WHO-defined and data-driven ITZs...
August 31, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877843/ongoing-mumps-outbreak-in-israel-january-to-august-2017
#8
Viki Indenbaum, Judith M Hübschen, Chen Stein-Zamir, Ella Mendelson, Danit Sofer, Musa Hindiyeh, Emilia Anis, Nitza Abramson, Eric J Haas, Yochi Yosef, Larisa Dukhan, Shepherd Roee Singer
In Israel, 262 mumps cases were registered between 1 January and 28 August 2017 despite a vaccine coverage of ≥ 96%. The majority (56.5%) of cases were adolescents and young adults between 10 and 24 years of age. Nearly twice as many cases were reported in males than in females. Sequence information identified genotype G and suggested specific transmission chains in different religious communities, with the Muslim population in Jerusalem being most severely affected.
August 31, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857047/the-effectiveness-of-influenza-vaccination-in-preventing-hospitalisations-of-elderly-individuals-in-two-influenza-seasons-a-multicentre-case-control-study-spain-2013-14-and-2014-15
#9
Angela Domínguez, Núria Soldevila, Diana Toledo, Pere Godoy, Elena Espejo, Maria Amelia Fernandez, José María Mayoral, Jesús Castilla, Mikel Egurrola, Sonia Tamames, Jenaro Astray, María Morales-Suárez-Varela
Influenza vaccination may limit the impact of influenza in the community. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of influenza vaccination in preventing hospitalisation in individuals aged ≥ 65 years in Spain. A multicentre case-control study was conducted in 20 Spanish hospitals during 2013/14 and 2014/15. Patients aged ≥ 65 years who were hospitalised with laboratory-confirmed influenza were matched with controls according to sex, age and date of hospitalisation. Adjusted vaccine effectiveness (VE) was calculated by multivariate conditional logistic regression...
August 24, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857046/erratum-for-euro-surveill-2017-22-31
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857045/persistent-detection-of-dengue-virus-rna-in-vaginal-secretion-of-a-woman-returning-from-sri-lanka-to-italy-april-2017
#11
Marco Iannetta, Eleonora Lalle, Maria Musso, Fabrizio Carletti, Laura Scorzolini, Alessandra D'Abramo, Pierangelo Chinello, Concetta Castilletti, Giuseppe Ippolito, Maria R Capobianchi, Emanuele Nicastri
We describe the dynamics of dengue virus (DENV) infection in a woman in her mid-30s who developed fever after returning from Sri Lanka to Italy in April 2017. Laboratory testing demonstrated detectable DENV-RNA in plasma, urine, saliva, vaginal secretion. Persistent shedding of DENV-RNA was demonstrated in vaginal secretion, and DENV-RNA was detectable in the pelleted fraction up to 18 days from symptom onset. These findings give new insights into DENV vaginal shedding and vertical transmission.
August 24, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857044/author-s-correction-for-euro-surveill-2017-22-32
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857043/large-measles-outbreak-introduced-by-asylum-seekers-and-spread-among-the-insufficiently-vaccinated-resident-population-berlin-october-2014-to-august-2015
#13
Dirk Werber, Alexandra Hoffmann, Sabine Santibanez, Annette Mankertz, Daniel Sagebiel
The largest measles outbreak in Berlin since 2001 occurred from October 2014 to August 2015. Overall, 1,344 cases were ascertained, 86% (with available information) unvaccinated, including 146 (12%) asylum seekers. Median age was 17 years (interquartile range: 4-29 years), 26% were hospitalised and a 1-year-old child died. Measles virus genotyping uniformly revealed the variant 'D8-Rostov-Don' and descendants. The virus was likely introduced by and initially spread among asylum seekers before affecting Berlin's resident population...
August 24, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840828/imported-case-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-infection-from-oman-to-thailand-june-2015
#14
Tanarak Plipat, Rome Buathong, Supaporn Wacharapluesadee, Potjaman Siriarayapon, Chakrarat Pittayawonganon, Chariya Sangsajja, Thongchai Kaewpom, Sininat Petcharat, Teerada Ponpinit, Jaruphan Jumpasri, Yutthana Joyjinda, Apaporn Rodpan, Siriporn Ghai, Akanitt Jittmittraphap, Sarawut Khongwichit, Duncan R Smith, Victor M Corman, Christian Drosten, Thiravat Hemachudha
Thailand reported the first Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) case on 18 June 2015 (day 4) in an Omani patient with heart condition who was diagnosed with pneumonia on hospital admission on 15 June 2015 (day 1). Two false negative RT-PCR on upper respiratory tract samples on days 2 and 3 led to a 48-hour diagnosis delay and a decision to transfer the patient out of the negative pressure unit (NPU). Subsequent examination of sputum later on day 3 confirmed MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. The patient was immediately moved back into the NPU and then transferred to Bamrasnaradura Infectious Disease Institute...
August 17, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840827/a-nosocomial-measles-outbreak-in-italy-february-april-2017
#15
Andrea Porretta, Filippo Quattrone, Francesco Aquino, Giulio Pieve, Beatrice Bruni, Giulia Gemignani, Maria Linda Vatteroni, Mauro Pistello, Gaetano Pierpaolo Privitera, Pier Luigi Lopalco
We describe a nosocomial outbreak of measles that occurred in an Italian hospital during the first months of 2017, involving 35 persons and including healthcare workers, support personnel working in the hospital, visitors and community contacts. Late diagnosis of the first case, support personnel not being promptly recognised as hospital workers and diffusion of the infection in the emergency department had a major role in sustaining this outbreak.
August 17, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840826/a-cluster-of-measles-linked-to-an-imported-case-finland-2017
#16
Elina Seppälä, Viktor Zöldi, Sakari Vuorinen, Satu Murtopuro, Ulpu Elonsalo, Janko van Beek, Anu Haveri, Mia Kontio, Carita Savolainen-Kopra, Taneli Puumalainen, Jussi Sane
One imported and five secondary cases of measles were detected in Finland between June and August 2017. The measles sequences available for five laboratory-confirmed cases were identical and belonged to serotype D8. The large number of potentially exposed Finnish and foreign individuals called for close cooperation of national and international public health authorities and other stakeholders. Raising awareness among healthcare providers and ensuring universally high vaccination coverage is crucial to prevent future clusters and outbreaks...
August 17, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840825/ongoing-large-measles-outbreak-with-nosocomial-transmission-in-milan-northern-italy-march-august-2017
#17
Antonella Amendola, Silvia Bianchi, Elena R Frati, Giulia Ciceri, Marino Faccini, Sabrina Senatore, Daniela Colzani, Anna Lamberti, Melissa Baggieri, Danilo Cereda, Maria Gramegna, Loredana Nicoletti, Fabio Magurano, Elisabetta Tanzi
A large measles outbreak has been ongoing in Milan and surrounding areas. From 1 March to 30 June 2017, 203 measles cases were laboratory-confirmed (108 sporadic cases and 95 related to 47 clusters). Phylogenetic analysis revealed the co-circulation of two different genotypes, D8 and B3. Both genotypes caused nosocomial clusters in two hospitals. The rapid analysis of epidemiological and phylogenetic data allowed effective surveillance and tracking of transmission pathways.
August 17, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816652/reoccurrence-of-botulinum-neurotoxin-subtype-a3-inducing-food-borne-botulism-slovakia-2015
#18
Lucia Mad'arová, Brigitte G Dorner, Lars Schaade, Vladimír Donáth, Mária Avdičová, Milota Fatkulinová, Jozef Strhársky, Ivana Sedliačiková, Cyril Klement, Martin B Dorner
A case of food-borne botulism occurred in Slovakia in 2015. Clostridium botulinum type A was isolated from three nearly empty commercial hummus tubes. The product, which was sold in Slovakia and the Czech Republic, was withdrawn from the market and a warning was issued immediately through the European Commission's Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF). Further investigation revealed the presence of botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) subtype BoNT/A3, a very rare subtype implicated in only one previous outbreak (Loch Maree in Scotland, 1922)...
August 10, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816650/evidence-for-more-cost-effective-surveillance-options-for-bovine-spongiform-encephalopathy-bse-and-scrapie-in-great-britain
#19
Ben A Wall, Mark E Arnold, Devi Radia, Will Gilbert, Angel Ortiz-Pelaez, Katharina Dc Stärk, Ed Van Klink, Javier Guitian
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are an important public health concern. Since the emergence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) during the 1980s and its link with human Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, active surveillance has been a key element of the European Union's TSE control strategy. Success of this strategy means that now, very few cases are detected compared with the number of animals tested. Refining surveillance strategies would enable resources to be redirected towards other public health priorities...
August 10, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816649/improving-regional-influenza-surveillance-through-a-combination-of-automated-outbreak-detection-methods-the-2015-16-season-in-france
#20
Camille Pelat, Isabelle Bonmarin, Marc Ruello, Anne Fouillet, Céline Caserio-Schönemann, Daniel Levy-Bruhl, Yann Le Strat
The 2014/15 influenza epidemic caused a work overload for healthcare facilities in France. The French national public health agency announced the start of the epidemic - based on indicators aggregated at the national level - too late for many hospitals to prepare. It was therefore decided to improve the influenza alert procedure through (i) the introduction of a pre-epidemic alert level to better anticipate future outbreaks, (ii) the regionalisation of surveillance so that healthcare structures can be informed of the arrival of epidemics in their region, (iii) the standardised use of data sources and statistical methods across regions...
August 10, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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