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Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30229725/national-outbreak-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-associated-with-an-aftercare-solution-following-piercings-july-to-september-2016-england
#1
Hannah Evans, Hikaru Bolt, Ellen Heinsbroek, Bryony Lloyd, Peter English, Samia Latif, Nicola Elviss, Jane Turton, Peter Hoffman, Paul Crook, Richard Puleston, On Behalf Of The Outbreak Control Team
We report a national Pseudomonas aeruginosa outbreak from a common source following piercings between July and September 2016 in England. The multi-agency outbreak investigation included active case finding, microbiological testing of environmental samples and case specimens including Variable Number Tandem Repeat (VNTR) typing and a retrospective cohort study. Overall, 162 outbreak cases (29 confirmed, 14 probable and 119 possible) and 14 non-outbreak cases were identified; all confirmed cases had ear piercings (93% cartilage)...
September 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30229724/molecular-diversity-and-biennial-circulation-of-enterovirus-d68-a-systematic-screening-study-in-lyon-france-2010-to-2016
#2
Rolf Kramer, Marina Sabatier, Thierry Wirth, Maxime Pichon, Bruno Lina, Isabelle Schuffenecker, Laurence Josset
BackgroundUnderstanding enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) circulation patterns as well as risk factors for severe respiratory and neurological illness is important for developing preventive strategies. Methods : Between 2010 and 2016, 11,132 respiratory specimens from hospitalised patients in Lyon, France, were screened for EV-D68 by PCR. Phylogenetic relationships of the viral-protein-1 sequences were reconstructed using maximum-likelihood and Bayesian-Markov-Chain-Monte-Carlo approaches. Results: Overall, 171 infections with a biennial pattern were detected, including seven, one, 55, none, 42, one and 65 cases annually during 2010-16...
September 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30229723/usability-of-the-international-havnet-hepatitis-a-virus-database-for-geographical-annotation-backtracing-and-outbreak-detection
#3
Annelies Kroneman, Rita de Sousa, Linda Verhoef, Marion P G Koopmans, Harry Vennema, On Behalf Of The HAVNet Network
BackgroundHAVNet is an international laboratory network sharing sequences and corresponding metadata on hepatitis A virus in an online database. Aim: We give an overview of the epidemiological and genetic data and assess the usability of the present dataset for geographical annotation, backtracing and outbreak detection. Methods: A descriptive analysis was performed on the timeliness, completeness, epidemiological data and geographic coverage of the dataset. Length and genomic region of the sequences were reviewed as well as the numerical and geographical distribution of the genotypes...
September 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30229722/letter-to-the-editor-occurrence-of-modified-measles-during-outbreak-in-taiwan-in-2018
#4
Chih-Jung Chen, Tzou-Yien Lin, Yhu-Chering Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30229721/job-vacancy-at-the-european-centre-for-disease-prevention-and-control
#5
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30205872/call-for-ecdc-fellowship-programme-cohort-2019
#6
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30205871/yellow-fever-cases-in-french-guiana-evidence-of-an-active-circulation-in-the-guiana-shield-2017-and-2018
#7
Alice Sanna, Audrey Andrieu, Luisiane Carvalho, Claire Mayence, Philippe Tabard, Marina Hachouf, Claire-Marie Cazaux, Antoine Enfissi, Dominique Rousset, Hatem Kallel
French Guiana (FG) is a French overseas region bordering Brazil and Suriname that is considered endemic for yellow fever (YF); vaccination is compulsory for residents and travellers. In August 2017 and 2018, two sporadic YF cases were notified 1 year apart, confirming that sylvatic YF virus circulation is active in the region. YF vaccination coverage should be closely monitored and improved in FG and neighbouring territories and clinicians should be aware of the risk.
September 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30205870/trends-and-determinants-of-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-the-netherlands-2007-to-2015
#8
Sanne Hi Hofstraat, Hannelore M Götz, Alje P van Dam, Marianne Ab van der Sande, Birgit Hb van Benthem
Background Neisseria gonorrhoeae antibiotic resistance surveillance is important to maintain adequate treatment. We analysed 2007-15 data from the Gonococcal Resistance to Antimicrobials Surveillance (GRAS), which currently includes 19 of 25 sexually transmitted infection (STI) centres in the Netherlands. Methods : From each patient with a gonorrhoea culture, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for several antibiotics was determined. Time trends were assessed by geometric means and linear regression of logarithmic MIC...
September 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30205869/escaide-2018-call-for-late-breakers
#9
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30180928/crimean-congo-haemorrhagic-fever-in-a-greek-worker-returning-from-bulgaria-june-2018
#10
Anna Papa, Filothei Markatou, Helena C Maltezou, Elpida Papadopoulou, Eirini Terzi, Sarantoula Ventouri, Danai Pervanidou, Sotirios Tsiodras, Efstratios Maltezos
We report a tick-borne case of severe Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) imported into Greece from Bulgaria. The patient presented severe thrombocytopenia, hemophagocytosis, haemodynamic instability, large haematomas and altered mental status. Supportive treatment and ribavirin were administered. Symptoms started one day after the tick was removed; the patient was discharged from the hospital 26 days after symptom onset. No secondary cases were observed. Phylogenetically the CCHF virus strain belongs to clade Europe 1...
August 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30180927/current-hepatitis-e-virus-seroprevalence-in-swiss-blood-donors-and-apparent-decline-from-1997-to-2016
#11
Christoph Niederhauser, Nadja Widmer, Magdalena Hotz, Caroline Tinguely, Stefano Fontana, Gabrielle Allemann, Mauro Borri, Laura Infanti, Amira Sarraj, Jörg Sigle, Michèle Stalder, Jutta Thierbach, Sophie Waldvogel, Tina Wiengand, Max Züger, Peter Gowland
Background and aimHepatitis E virus (HEV) is a virus of emerging importance to transfusion medicine. Studies from several European countries, including Switzerland, have reported high seroprevalence of hepatitis E as a consequence of endemic infections. Published HEV seroprevalence estimates within developed countries vary considerably; primarily due to improved diagnostic assays. The purpose of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of anti-HEV IgG in Swiss blood donations. Methods: We used the highly sensitive Wantai HEV IgG EIA and assessed regional distribution patterns...
August 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30180926/outbreak-of-multiple-strains-of-non-o157-shiga-toxin-producing-and-enteropathogenic-escherichia-coli-associated-with-rocket-salad-finland-autumn-2016
#12
Sohvi Kinnula, Kaisa Hemminki, Hannele Kotilainen, Eeva Ruotsalainen, Eveliina Tarkka, Saara Salmenlinna, Saija Hallanvuo, Elina Leinonen, Ollgren Jukka, Ruska Rimhanen-Finne
In August 2016, an outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) with 237 cases occurred in the Helsinki metropolitan area, Finland. Gastroenteritis cases were reported at 11 events served by one catering company. Microbiological and epidemiological investigations suggested rocket salad as the cause of the outbreak. STEC ONT: H11 and EPEC O111:H8 strains isolated from food samples containing rocket were identical to the patient isolates...
August 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153884/letter-to-the-editor-measles-cases-among-fully-vaccinated-persons
#13
Yuzo Arima, Kazunori Oishi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153883/interconnected-clusters-of-invasive-meningococcal-disease-due-to-neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-c-st-11-cc11-involving-bisexuals-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men-with-discos-and-gay-venues-hotspots-of-transmission-tuscany-italy-2015-to-2016
#14
Alessandro Miglietta, Cecilia Fazio, Arianna Neri, Patrizio Pezzotti, Francesco Innocenti, Chiara Azzari, Gian Maria Rossolini, Maria Moriondo, Francesco Nieddu, Stefania Iannazzo, Fortunato D'Ancona, Francesco Paolo Maraglino, Raniero Guerra, Giovanni Rezza, Fabio Voller, Paola Stefanelli
In 2015 an increased incidence of invasive meningococcal disease due to serogroup-C (MenC) occurred in Tuscany, Italy. This led the Regional Health Authority of Tuscany to implement a reactive immunisation campaign and to launch an epidemiological field investigation aiming to address targeted immunisation interventions. In 2011-14, 10 MenC cases had been reported compared with 62 cases in 2015-16. The case fatality rate was 21% (n = 13) and 51 cases (82.3%) were confirmed as C:P1.5-1,10-8:F3-6:ST-11(cc11)...
August 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153882/job-vacancy-at-the-european-centre-for-disease-prevention-and-control
#15
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153881/genomic-epidemiology-of-meticillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-st22-widespread-in-communities-of-the-gaza-strip-2009
#16
Qiuzhi Chang, Izzeldin Abuelaish, Asaf Biber, Hanaa Jaber, Alanna Callendrello, Cheryl P Andam, Gili Regev-Yochay, William P Hanage, On Behalf Of The Picr Study Group
BackgroundRemarkably high carriage prevalence of a community-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain of sequence type (ST) 22 in the Gaza strip was reported in 2012. This strain is linked to the pandemic hospital-associated EMRSA-15. The origin and evolutionary history of ST22 in Gaza communities and the genomic elements contributing to its widespread predominance are unknown. Methods: We generated high-quality draft genomes of 61 ST22 isolates from Gaza communities and, along with 175 ST22 genomes from global sources, reconstructed the ST22 phylogeny and examined genotypes unique to the Gaza isolates...
August 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30131096/retrospective-validation-of-whole-genome-sequencing-enhanced-surveillance-of-listeriosis-in-europe-2010-to-2015
#17
Ivo Van Walle, Jonas Torgny Björkman, Martin Cormican, Timothy Dallman, Joël Mossong, Alexandra Moura, Ariane Pietzka, Werner Ruppitsch, Johanna Takkinen
Background and aimThe trend in reported case counts of invasive Listeria monocytogenes ( Lm ), a potentially severe food-borne disease, has been increasing since 2008. In 2015, 2,224 cases were reported in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA). We aimed to validate the microbiological and epidemiological aspects of an envisaged EU/EEA-wide surveillance system enhanced by routine whole genome sequencing (WGS). Methods: WGS and core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST) were performed on isolates from 2,726 cases from 27 EU/EEA countries from 2010-15...
August 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30131095/hepatitis-a-outbreak-disproportionately-affecting-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-the-european-union-and-european-economic-area-june-2016-to-may-2017
#18
Patricia Ndumbi, Gudrun S Freidl, Christopher J Williams, Otilia Mårdh, Carmen Varela, Ana Avellón, Ingrid Friesema, Harry Vennema, Kazim Beebeejaun, Siew Lin Ngui, Michael Edelstein, Alison Smith-Palmer, Niamh Murphy, Jonathan Dean, Mirko Faber, Jürgen Wenzel, Mia Kontio, Luise Müller, Sofie Elisabeth Midgley, Lena Sundqvist, Josefine Lundberg Ederth, Anne-Marie Roque-Afonso, Elisabeth Couturier, Sofieke Klamer, Javiera Rebolledo, Vanessa Suin, Stephan W Aberle, Daniela Schmid, Rita De Sousa, Gonçalo Figueiredo Augusto, Valeria Alfonsi, Martina Del Manso, Anna Rita Ciccaglione, Kassiani Mellou, Christos Hadjichristodoulou, Alastair Donachie, Maria-Louise Borg, Maja Sočan, Mario Poljak, Ettore Severi, Members Of The European Hepatitis A Outbreak Investigation Team
Between 1 June 2016 and 31 May 2017, 17 European Union (EU) and European Economic Area countries reported 4,096 cases associated with a multi-country hepatitis A (HA) outbreak. Molecular analysis identified three co-circulating hepatitis A virus (HAV) strains of genotype IA: VRD_521_2016, V16-25801 and RIVM-HAV16-090. We categorised cases as confirmed, probable or possible, according to the EU outbreak case definitions. Confirmed cases were infected with one of the three outbreak strains. We investigated case characteristics and strain-specific risk factors for transmission...
August 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30131094/addendum-for-euro-surveill-2018-23-6
#19
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30131093/erratum-for-euro-surveill-2018-23-31
#20
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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