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Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703705/epidemiology-of-human-infections-with-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-a-h7n9-virus-in-guangdong-2016-to-2017
#1
Min Kang, Eric H Y Lau, Wenda Guan, Yuwei Yang, Tie Song, Benjamin J Cowling, Jie Wu, Malik Peiris, Jianfeng He, Chris Ka Pun Mok
We describe the epidemiology of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H7N9) based on poultry market environmental surveillance and laboratory-confirmed human cases (n = 9) in Guangdong, China. We also compare the epidemiology between human cases of high- and low-pathogenic avian influenza A(H7N9) (n = 51) in Guangdong. Case fatality and severity were similar. Touching sick or dead poultry was the most important risk factor for HPAI A(H7N9) infections and should be highlighted for the control of future influenza A(H7N9) epidemics...
July 6, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703099/letter-to-the-editor-trends-in-tuberculosis-notification-rates-by-country-of-origin-in-the-metropolitan-area-of-rome-2010-to-2015
#2
LETTER
Monica Sañé Schepisi, Paola Scognamiglio, Maurizio D'Amato, Enrico Girardi, Vincenzo Puro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703098/surveillance-perspective-on-lyme-borreliosis-across-the-european-union-and-european-economic-area
#3
Cees C van den Wijngaard, Agnetha Hofhuis, Mariana Simões, Ente Rood, Wilfrid van Pelt, Herve Zeller, Wim Van Bortel
Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most prevalent tick-borne disease in Europe. Erythema migrans (EM), an early, localised skin rash, is its most common presentation. Dissemination of the bacteria can lead to more severe manifestations including skin, neurological, cardiac, musculoskeletal and ocular manifestations. Comparison of LB incidence rates in the European Union (EU)/European Economic Area (EEA) and Balkan countries are difficult in the absence of standardised surveillance and reporting procedures. We explored six surveillance scenarios for LB surveillance in the EU/EEA, based on the following key indicators: (i) erythema migrans, (ii) neuroborreliosis, (iii) all human LB manifestations, (iv) seroprevalence, (v) tick bites, and (vi) infected ticks and reservoir hosts...
July 6, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703097/legionnaires-disease-in-europe-2011-to-2015
#4
Julien Beauté
Under the coordination of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), the European Legionnaires' disease Surveillance Network (ELDSNet) conducts surveillance of Legionnaires' disease (LD) in Europe. Between 2011 and 2015, 29 countries reported 30,532 LD cases to ECDC (28,188 (92.3%) confirmed and 2,344 (7.7%) probable). Four countries (France, Germany, Italy and Spain) accounted for 70.3% of all reported cases, although their combined populations represented only 49.9% of the study population...
July 6, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681721/dot-map-cartograms-for-detection-of-infectious-disease-outbreaks-an-application-to-q-fever-the-netherlands-and-pertussis-germany
#5
Loes Soetens, Susan Hahné, Jacco Wallinga
Geographical mapping of infectious diseases is an important tool for detecting and characterising outbreaks. Two common mapping methods, dot maps and incidence maps, have important shortcomings. The former does not represent population density and can compromise case privacy, and the latter relies on pre-defined administrative boundaries. We propose a method that overcomes these limitations: dot map cartograms. These create a point pattern of cases while reshaping spatial units, such that spatial area becomes proportional to population size...
June 29, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681719/an-outbreak-of-dengue-virus-denv-type-2-cosmopolitan-genotype-in-israeli-travellers-returning-from-the-seychelles-april-2017
#6
Yaniv Lustig, Dana Wolf, Ora Halutz, Eli Schwartz
Dengue virus infection was diagnosed in six Israeli travellers returning from the Seychelles in April 2017. Phylogenetic analysis identified identical sequences belonging to the Cosmopolitan genotype of dengue virus type 2 in all samples sequenced, thus providing evidence for a probable dengue type 2 outbreak in the Seychelles. This report further demonstrates the role of travellers as sentinels for arboviral infections, especially in countries with limited diagnostic capabilities.
June 29, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681718/co-circulation-of-multiple-subtypes-of-enterovirus-a71-ev-a71-genotype-c-including-novel-recombinants-characterised-by-use-of-whole-genome-sequencing-wgs-denmark-2016
#7
Sofie E Midgley, Astrid G Nielsen, Ramona Trebbien, Mille W Poulsen, Peter H Andersen, Thea K Fischer
In Europe, enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) has primarily been associated with sporadic cases of neurological disease. The recent emergence of new genotypes and larger outbreaks with severely ill patients demonstrates a potential for the spread of new, highly pathogenic EV-A71 strains. Detection and characterisation of these new emerging EV variants is challenging as standard EV assays may not be adequate, necessitating the use of whole genome analysis.
June 29, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662765/third-director-of-the-european-centre-for-disease-prevention-and-control-takes-office
#8
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662763/baseline-incidence-of-intussusception-in-early-childhood-before-rotavirus-vaccine-introduction-the-netherlands-january-2008-to-december-2012
#9
Kartini Gadroen, Jeanet M Kemmeren, Patricia Cj Bruijning-Verhagen, Sabine Mjm Straus, Daniel Weibel, Hester E de Melker, Miriam Cjm Sturkenboom
Intussusception is a rare, potentially life-threatening condition in early childhood. It gained attention due to an unexpected association with the first rotavirus vaccine, RotaShield, which was subsequently withdrawn from the market. Across Europe, broad variations in intussusception incidence rates have been reported. This study provides a first estimate of intussusception incidence in young children in the Netherlands from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2012, which could be used for future rotavirus safety monitoring...
June 22, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662762/fall-in-new-hiv-diagnoses-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-at-selected-london-sexual-health-clinics-since-early-2015-testing-or-treatment-or-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep
#10
Alison E Brown, Hamish Mohammed, Dana Ogaz, Peter D Kirwan, Mandy Yung, Sophie G Nash, Martina Furegato, Gwenda Hughes, Nicky Connor, Valerie C Delpech, O Noel Gill
Since October 2015 up to September 2016, HIV diagnoses fell by 32% compared with October 2014-September 2015 among men who have sex with men (MSM) attending selected London sexual health clinics. This coincided with high HIV testing volumes and rapid initiation of treatment on diagnosis. The fall was most apparent in new HIV testers. Intensified testing of high-risk populations, combined with immediately received anti-retroviral therapy and a pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) programme, may make elimination of HIV achievable...
June 22, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662761/genomic-investigation-of-a-suspected-outbreak-of-legionella-pneumophila-st82-reveals-undetected-heterogeneity-by-the-present-gold-standard-methods-denmark-july-to-november-2014
#11
Susanne Schjørring, Marc Stegger, Charlotte Kjelsø, Berit Lilje, Jette M Bangsborg, Randi F Petersen, Sophia David, Søren A Uldum
Between July and November 2014, 15 community-acquired cases of Legionnaires´ disease (LD), including four with Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 sequence type (ST) 82, were diagnosed in Northern Zealand, Denmark. An outbreak was suspected. No ST82 isolates were found in environmental samples and no external source was established. Four putative-outbreak ST82 isolates were retrospectively subjected to whole genome sequencing (WGS) followed by phylogenetic analyses with epidemiologically unrelated ST82 sequences...
June 22, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661394/the-maritime-declaration-of-health-mdh-as-a-tool-to-detect-maritime-traffic-related-health-risks-analysis-of-mdh-forms-submitted-to-spanish-ports-october-2014-to-march-2015
#12
Rosa M López-Gigosos, Marina Segura, Rosa M Díez-Díaz, Isabel Ureña, David Urzay, Patricia Guillot, Ana Guerra-Neira, Almudena Rivera, Ángeles Pérez-Cobaleda, Ascensión Martín, María Nuñez-Torrón, Begoña Alvarez, Mar Faraco, José M Barrera, María J Calvo, José Gallegos, Antonio Bermejo, Carmen Aramburu, Miguel Dávila, Fernando Carreras, Rosemarie Neipp, Alberto Mariscal
The international maritime traffic of people and goods has often contributed to the spread of pathogens affecting public health. The Maritime Declaration of Health (MDH), according to the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005), is a document containing data related to the state of health on board a ship during passage and on arrival at port. It is a useful tool for early detection of public health risks. The main objective of our study was to evaluate compliance with the model provided in the IHR, focusing on the format and degree of completion of MDH forms received at Spanish ports...
June 15, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661393/botulism-in-italy-1986-to-2015
#13
Fabrizio Anniballi, Bruna Auricchio, Alfonsina Fiore, Davide Lonati, Carlo Alessandro Locatelli, Florigio Lista, Silvia Fillo, Giuseppina Mandarino, Dario De Medici
Botulism is a rare but severe neuroparalytic disease caused by botulinum toxins. Because of its high potential impact on public health, botulism is a closely monitored communicable disease in Europe. In Italy, which has one of the highest incidence rates in Europe (0.03 cases per 100,000 population), botulism is monitored through a case-based passive surveillance system: the front-line physician who diagnoses a suspected case must notify the Local Health Units immediately, and the Ministry of Health's office within 12 hours...
June 15, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661391/clinical-and-laboratory-evidence-of-haff-disease-case-series-from-an-outbreak-in-salvador-brazil-december-2016-to-april-2017
#14
Antonio C Bandeira, Gubio S Campos, Guilherme S Ribeiro, Cristiane W Cardoso, Claudilson Jc Bastos, Tiago L Pessoa, Karine A Araujo, Maria Fernanda R Grassi, Alessandra P Castro, Rejane H Carvalho, Ana Paula P B Prates, Luana L Gois, Veronica Fd Rocha, Silvia I Sardi
We describe a series of 15 Haff disease cases from an outbreak in Salvador, Brazil, starting early December 2016. Eleven cases were grouped in four family clusters of two to four individuals, four were isolated cases. All but one patient consumed cooked fish; 11 within 24h before symptoms onset. Cases consumed 'Olho de Boi' (Seriola spp.) and 'Badejo' (Mycteroperca spp.). A total of 67 cases were detected, the last case was reported on 5 April 2017.
June 15, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662764/pulsenet-international-vision-for-the-implementation-of-whole-genome-sequencing-wgs-for-global-food-borne-disease-surveillance
#15
Celine Nadon, Ivo Van Walle, Peter Gerner-Smidt, Josefina Campos, Isabel Chinen, Jeniffer Concepcion-Acevedo, Brent Gilpin, Anthony M Smith, Kai Man Kam, Enrique Perez, Eija Trees, Kristy Kubota, Johanna Takkinen, Eva Møller Nielsen, Heather Carleton
PulseNet International is a global network dedicated to laboratory-based surveillance for food-borne diseases. The network comprises the national and regional laboratory networks of Africa, Asia Pacific, Canada, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, the Middle East, and the United States. The PulseNet International vision is the standardised use of whole genome sequencing (WGS) to identify and subtype food-borne bacterial pathogens worldwide, replacing traditional methods to strengthen preparedness and response, reduce global social and economic disease burden, and save lives...
June 8, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661395/necrotising-fasciitis-as-atypical-presentation-of-infection-with-emerging-neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-w-menw-clonal-complex-11-the-netherlands-march-2017
#16
Anne Russcher, Ewout Fanoy, Ger D J van Olden, Antonie D Graafland, Arie van der Ende, Mirjam J Knol
In March 2017, a patient with necrotising fasciitis caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W (MenW) clonal complex 11 was diagnosed in the Netherlands. Unusual and severe presentations of MenW infections are common in the current European epidemic. In the Netherlands, the incidence of MenW infections increased 10-fold, from an average of 0.03 per 100,000 population in 2002-2014 to 0.29 in 2016. Awareness of atypical presentations enables timely adequate treatment and public health action.
June 8, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661392/measles-outbreak-after-12-years-without-endemic-transmission-portugal-february-to-may-2017
#17
Francisco George, João Valente, Gonçalo F Augusto, Andreia J Silva, Natália Pereira, Teresa Fernandes, Paula Palminha, Bárbara A Aguiar, António Martins, Estêvão Santos, Paula Valente, Etelvina Calé, Ana Leça, Paulo J Nogueira
We report a measles outbreak in two Portuguese health regions (Algarve and Lisbon and the Tagus Valley) since February 2017, and which by 31 May resulted in 28 confirmed cases, of which 16 were unvaccinated. Thirteen cases were healthcare workers. One unvaccinated teenager died. Genotype B3 was identified in 14 cases from both regions. This outbreak occurs after 12 years without endemic measles transmission, and in a context of high measles vaccination coverage and immunity.
June 8, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661390/determinants-of-success-and-sustainability-of-the-who-multimodal-hand-hygiene-promotion-campaign-italy-2007-2008-and-2014
#18
Maria Luisa Moro, Filomena Morsillo, Simona Nascetti, Mita Parenti, Benedetta Allegranzi, Maria Grazia Pompa, Didier Pittet
A national hand hygiene promotion campaign based on the World Health Organization (WHO) multimodal, Clean Care is Safer Care campaign was launched in Italy in 2007. One hundred seventy-five hospitals from 14 of 20 Italian regions participated. Data were collected using methods and tools provided by the WHO campaign, translated into Italian. Hand hygiene compliance, ward infrastructure, and healthcare workers' knowledge and perception of healthcare-associated infections and hand hygiene were evaluated before and after campaign implementation...
June 8, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661389/whole-genome-sequencing-wgs-for-food-borne-pathogen-surveillance-and-control-taking-the-pulse
#19
EDITORIAL
Jacob Moran-Gilad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602163/investigation-of-a-food-borne-outbreak-of-gastroenteritis-in-a-school-canteen-revealed-a-variant-of-sapovirus-genogroup-v-not-detected-by-standard-pcr-sollentuna-sweden-2016
#20
Maria-Pia Hergens, Joanna Nederby Öhd, Erik Alm, Helena H Askling, Sofia Helgesson, Mona Insulander, Nina Lagerqvist, Bo Svenungsson, Malin Tihane, Thomas Tolfvenstam, Per Follin
A food-borne outbreak of gastroenteritis with more than 650 suspected cases occurred in April 2016 in Sollentuna, Sweden. It originated in a school kitchen serving a total of 2,700 meals daily. Initial microbiological testing (for Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia, Giardia, Cryptosporidium, Entamoeba histolytica, adeno-, astro-, noro-, rota- and sapovirus) of stool samples from 15 symptomatic cases was negative, despite a clinical presentation suggestive of calicivirus. Analyses of the findings from both the Sollentuna municipality environmental team and a web-based questionnaire suggested that the source of the outbreak was the salad buffet served on 20 April, although no specific food item could be identified...
June 1, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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