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Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017024/challenging-measles-case-definition-three-measles-outbreaks-in-three-health-regions-of-portugal-february-to-april-2018
#1
Gonçalo Figueiredo Augusto, Diogo Cruz, Andreia Silva, Natália Pereira, Bárbara Aguiar, Ana Leça, Elisabete Serrada, Paula Valente, Teresa Fernandes, Fernando Guerra, Paula Palminha, Elsa Vinagre, Sílvia Lopo, Rita Cordeiro, Emma Sáez-López, Maria Neto, Paulo Jorge Nogueira, Graça Freitas
We report three simultaneous measles outbreaks with 112 confirmed cases in three Health Regions of Portugal, from February to April 2018. The mean age of cases was 30 years, 79% worked in a healthcare setting and 87% were vaccinated. Genotype B3 was identified in 84 cases from the three outbreaks. Primary cases in each outbreak were imported. Several cases presented with modified measles, highlighting the importance of rethinking the measles case definition for vaccinated cases.
July 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017023/screening-for-infectious-diseases-in-newly-arrived-migrants-in-europe-the-context-matters
#2
Takis Panagiotopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017022/community-outbreak-of-serogroup-b-invasive-meningococcal-disease-in-beaujolais-france-february-to-june-2016-from-alert-to-targeted-vaccination
#3
Alexandra Thabuis, Karim Tararbit, Muhamed-Kheir Taha, Dominique Dejour-Salamanca, Vincent Ronin, Isabelle Parent du Chatelet, Guillaume Spaccaferri
In February and March 2016, four cases of serogroup B invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) occurred over 3 weeks in a small area north of Lyon in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, France. There were no deaths but two cases had sequelae. This community outbreak was caused by a rare meningococcal strain of the clonal complex ST-32, covered by the 4CMenB/Bexsero vaccine. The incidence rate for serogroup B IMD in this area was 22.5 per 100,000 inhabitants, which is above the epidemic threshold (10/100,000). The number of cases observed was significantly higher than expected in the age group of 0-24 year-olds (standardised incidence ratio: 96)...
July 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017021/need-for-additional-capacity-and-improved-capability-for-molecular-detection-of-yellow-fever-virus-in-european-expert-laboratories-external-quality-assessment-march-2018
#4
Cristina Domingo, Heinz Ellerbrok, Marion Koopmans, Andreas Nitsche, Katrin Leitmeyer, Rémi N Charrel, Chantal B E M Reusken
An external quality assessment of yellow fever virus (YFV) molecular detection in European laboratories was organised in rapid response to an increase in human cases in Brazil in 2018 with risk of import to Europe. Detection of YFV was assessed among 32 laboratories in 23/31 European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) countries and two laboratories in one non-EU/EEA country. Adequate capabilities were lacking in 10/23 countries; five did not participate as they lacked implemented assays.
July 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991384/sharing-more-than-friendship-transmission-of-ndm-5-st167-and-ctx-m-9-st69-escherichia-coli-between-dogs-and-humans-in-a-family-finland-2015
#5
Thomas Grönthal, Monica Österblad, Marjut Eklund, Jari Jalava, Suvi Nykäsenoja, Katariina Pekkanen, Merja Rantala
IntroductionCarbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) have rarely been reported in dogs, and never in animals in Finland. However, in April 2015, two meropenem-resistant Escherichia coli were identified from two dogs in one family. Both dogs suffered from chronic otitis externa . Methods: Epidemiological and molecular investigations (pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multilocus sequence typing) were conducted to investigate the source of infection and transmission routes. Results: In both dogs and one family member New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM-5)-producing multidrug-resistant ST167 E...
July 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991383/gonorrhoea-treatment-failure-caused-by-a-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-strain-with-combined-ceftriaxone-and-high-level-azithromycin-resistance-england-february-2018
#6
David W Eyre, Nicholas D Sanderson, Emily Lord, Natasha Regisford-Reimmer, Kevin Chau, Leanne Barker, Markus Morgan, Robert Newnham, Daniel Golparian, Magnus Unemo, Derrick W Crook, Tim Ea Peto, Gwenda Hughes, Michelle J Cole, Helen Fifer, Anne Edwards, Monique I Andersson
We describe a gonorrhoea case with combined high-level azithromycin resistance and ceftriaxone resistance. In February 2018, a heterosexual male was diagnosed with gonorrhoea in the United Kingdom following sexual intercourse with a locally resident female in Thailand and failed treatment with ceftriaxone plus doxycycline and subsequently spectinomycin. Resistance arose from two mechanisms combining for the first time in a genetic background similar to a commonly circulating strain. Urgent action is essential to prevent further spread...
July 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991382/letter-to-the-editor-applying-incidence-based-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-disease-burden-estimates-to-foster-change-in-national-vaccination-policy-slovenia-2017-to-2018
#7
Mario Fafangel, Marta Grgič Vitek, Irena Klavs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991381/two-concurrent-outbreaks-of-hepatitis-a-highlight-the-risk-of-infection-for-non-immune-travellers-to-morocco-january-to-june-2018
#8
Martyna Gassowski, Kai Michaelis, Jürgen J Wenzel, Mirko Faber, Julie Figoni, Lina Mouna, Ingrid Hm Friesema, Harry Vennema, Ana Avellon, Carmen Varela, Lena Sundqvist, Josefine Lundberg Ederth, James Plunkett, Koye Balogun, Siew Lin Ngui, Sofie Elisabeth Midgley, Sofie Gillesberg Lassen, Luise Müller
From January to June 2018, two ongoing hepatitis A outbreaks affected travellers returning from Morocco and cases in Europe without travel history, resulting in 163 patients in eight European countries. Most interviewed travel-related cases were unaware of the hepatitis A risk in Morocco. Molecular analysis revealed two distinct hepatitis A virus (HAV) strains (subgenotype IA DK2018_231; subgenotype IB V18-16428). Vaccination recommendations should be emphasised to increase awareness among non-immune travellers to Morocco and HAV-endemic countries...
July 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29970219/spatio-temporal-patterns-of-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-virus-subtype-h5n8-spread-france-2016-to-2017
#9
Claire Guinat, Gaëlle Nicolas, Timothée Vergne, Anne Bronner, Benoit Durand, Aurélie Courcoul, Marius Gilbert, Jean-Luc Guérin, Mathilde C Paul
IntroductionFrance is one of Europe's foremost poultry producers and the world's fifth largest producer of poultry meat. In November 2016, highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus subtype H5N8 emerged in poultry in the country. As of 23 March 2017, a total of 484 confirmed outbreaks were reported, with consequences on animal health and socio-economic impacts for producers. Methods: We examined the spatio-temporal distribution of outbreaks that occurred in France between November 2016 and March 2017, using the space-time K-function and space-time permutation model of the scan statistic test...
June 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29970218/in-the-national-epidemiological-bulletins-a-selection-from-recent-issues
#10
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29970217/use-of-an-ingredient-based-analysis-to-investigate-a-national-outbreak-of-escherichia-coli-o157-united-kingdom-july-2016
#11
Daniel Gardiner, Maya Gobin, Neville Q Verlander, Isabel Oliver, Jeremy Hawker
Public Health England was alerted to a national outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 PT34 in July 2016. Early investigations suggested that the likely source was a salad item consumed outside of the home. A number of cases reported consuming meals at a staff canteen (Venue A) and a garden café (Venue B). Both venues shared a common salad supplier. An investigation was undertaken to measure associations between salad items and illness using an 'ingredient-based analysis'. A retrospective case-control study was conducted using an online questionnaire to collect information on menu items consumed at each venue...
June 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945699/reducing-demand-for-antibiotic-prescriptions-evidence-from-an-online-survey-of-the-general-public-on-the-interaction-between-preferences-beliefs-and-information-united-kingdom-2015
#12
Laurence S J Roope, Sarah Tonkin-Crine, Christopher C Butler, Derrick Crook, Tim Peto, Michele Peters, A Sarah Walker, Sarah Wordsworth
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), a major public health threat, is strongly associated with human antibiotic consumption. Influenza-like illnesses (ILI) account for substantial inappropriate antibiotic use; patient understanding and expectations probably play an important role. AIM: This study aimed to investigate what drives patient expectations of antibiotics for ILI and particularly whether AMR awareness, risk preferences (attitudes to taking risks with health) or time preferences (the extent to which people prioritise good health today over good health in the future) play a role...
June 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945698/uptake-and-impact-of-vaccinating-primary-school-age-children-against-influenza-experiences-of-a-live-attenuated-influenza-vaccine-programme-england-2015-16
#13
Richard G Pebody, Mary A Sinnathamby, Fiona Warburton, Nick Andrews, Nicola L Boddington, Hongxin Zhao, Ivelina Yonova, Joanna Ellis, Elise Tessier, Matthew Donati, Alex J Elliot, Helen E Hughes, Sameera Pathirannehelage, Rachel Byford, Gillian E Smith, Simon de Lusignan, Maria Zambon
The 2015/16 influenza season was the third season of the introduction of an intra-nasally administered live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) for children in England. All children aged 2‒6 years were offered LAIV, and in addition, a series of geographically discrete areas piloted vaccinating school-age children 7‒11 years old. Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 was the dominant circulating strain during 2015/16 followed by influenza B. We measured influenza vaccine uptake and the overall and indirect effect of vaccinating children of primary school -age, by comparing cumulative disease incidence in targeted and non-targeted age groups in vaccine pilot and non-pilot areas in England...
June 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945697/resurgence-risk-for-measles-mumps-and-rubella-in-france-in-2018-and-2020
#14
Guillaume Béraud, Steven Abrams, Philippe Beutels, Benoit Dervaux, Niel Hens
BackgroundLarge measles and mumps outbreaks recently occurred throughout Europe and the United States. Aim : Our aim was to estimate and map the risk of resurgence for measles, mumps and rubella in France. Methods : We used a multi-cohort model combining seroprevalence information, vaccine coverage and social contact data. Results : The overall outbreak risk for France in 2018 was highest for mumps, remained significant for measles despite a recent measles outbreak and was low for rubella. Outbreak risks were heterogeneous between departments, as the effective reproduction numbers for 2018 ranged from 1...
June 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945696/the-potential-value-of-crowdsourced-surveillance-systems-in-supplementing-sentinel-influenza-networks-the-case-of-france
#15
Caroline Guerrisi, Clément Turbelin, Cécile Souty, Chiara Poletto, Thierry Blanchon, Thomas Hanslik, Isabelle Bonmarin, Daniel Levy-Bruhl, Vittoria Colizza
IntroductionParticipatory surveillance systems provide rich crowdsourced data, profiling individuals and their health status at a given time. We explored the usefulness of data from GrippeNet.fr, a participatory surveillance system, to estimate influenza-related illness incidence in France. Methods: GrippeNet.fr is an online cohort since 2012 averaging ca. 5,000 weekly participants reporting signs/symptoms suggestive of influenza. GrippeNet.fr has flexible criteria to define influenza-related illness. Different case definitions based on reported signs/symptoms and inclusions of criteria accounting for individuals' reporting and participation were used to produce influenza-related illness incidence estimates, which were compared to those from sentinel networks...
June 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921346/analysis-of-consumer-food-purchase-data-used-for-outbreak-investigations-a-review
#16
Frederik T Møller, Kåre Mølbak, Steen Ethelberg
BackgroundInvestigations of food-borne outbreaks are frequently unsuccessful and new investigation methods should be welcomed. Aim: Describe the use of consumer purchase datasets in outbreak investigations and consider methodological and practical difficulties. Methods: We reviewed published papers describing the use of consumer purchase datasets, where electronic data on the foods that case-patients had purchased before onset of symptoms were obtained and analysed as part of outbreak investigations. Results: For the period 2006-17, scientific articles were found describing 20 outbreak investigations...
June 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921345/increased-risk-for-autochthonous-vector-borne-infections-transmitted-by-aedes-albopictus-in-continental-europe
#17
Céline M Gossner, Els Ducheyne, Francis Schaffner
Autochthonous outbreaks of chikungunya and dengue during the past decade showed that continental Europe is vulnerable to Aedes albopictus -borne infections. Ae. albopictus has spread geographically, resulting in more people exposed to risk. Timely application of adequate mosquito suppression measures may delay, or even prevent, the vector population from crossing the potential epidemic abundance threshold should a pathogen be introduced. Health authorities should be on alert to detect early cases to prevent autochthonous outbreaks...
June 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921344/transmission-potential-of-modified-measles-during-an-outbreak-japan-march%C3%A2-may-2018
#18
Kenji Mizumoto, Tetsuro Kobayashi, Gerardo Chowell
A recent outbreak of measles in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan ended with 33 measles cases whose symptoms were masked because of insufficient protection against the disease (modified measles). Using quantitative modelling, we determined the transmission potential of measles by clinical presentation (classic vs modified measles). We found low ascertainment probabilities among modified measles cases, indicating that intensified public health interventions that specifically target this group should be implemented to better contain outbreaks with modified measles cases...
June 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897042/dengue-serosurvey-after-a-2-month-long-outbreak-in-n%C3%A3-mes-france-2015-was-there-more-than-met-the-eye
#19
Tiphanie Succo, Harold Noël, Birgit Nikolay, Marianne Maquart, Amandine Cochet, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Olivier Catelinois, Henrik Salje, Camille Pelat, Perrine de Crouy-Chanel, Henriette de Valk, Simon Cauchemez, Cyril Rousseau
BackgroundClusters of dengue cases have recently become more frequent in areas of southern France colonised by the vector mosquito Aedes albopictus . In July 2015, a 2-month outbreak of dengue virus serotype 1 (DENV-1) was reported in Nîmes. Aim: We conducted a serosurvey in the affected area at the end of the vector activity period to determine the true extent of dengue transmission. Methods: We collected capillary blood from consenting household members, and information on their medical and travel histories, and exposure to mosquito bites...
June 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897041/persistence-of-an-outbreak-of-gonorrhoea-with-high-level-resistance-to-azithromycin-in-england-november-2014%C3%A2-may-2018
#20
Christa Smolarchuk, Adrian Wensley, Simon Padfield, Helen Fifer, Andrew Lee, Gwenda Hughes
Between November 2014 and May 2018, 118 laboratory-confirmed cases of high-level azithromycin resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae were identified in England. Cases emerged among heterosexuals in Leeds but spread across England and into sexual networks of men who have sex with men as the outbreak progressed. The few epidemiological links identified indicate substantial under-diagnosis of cases and this, along with the upturn in cases in 2017, highlights the difficulties in controlling the outbreak.
June 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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