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Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646980/note-from-the-editors-open-access-and-sound-science-for-rapid-public-health-action
#1
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646979/towards-equity-in-immunisation
#2
Tammy Boyce, Amelie Gudorf, Catharina de Kat, Mark Muscat, Robb Butler, Katrine Bach Habersaat
In the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region, differences in uptake rates of routine childhood immunisation persist within and among countries, with rates even falling in some areas. There has been a tendency among national programmes, policymakers and the media in recent years to attribute missed vaccinations to faltering demand or refusal among parents. However, evidence shows that the reasons for suboptimal coverage are multifactorial and include the social determinants of health. At the midpoint in the implementation of the European Vaccine Action Plan 2015-2020 (EVAP), national immunisation programmes should be aware that inequity may be a factor affecting their progress towards the EVAP immunisation targets...
January 2019: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646978/-eurosurveillance-reviewers-in-2018
#3
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646977/a-definition-for-community-based-surveillance-and-a-way-forward-results-of-the-who-global-technical-meeting-france-26-to-28-june-2018
#4
Technical Contributors To The June Who Meeting
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646976/authors-correction-for-euro-surveill-2018-23-50
#5
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646975/measles-outbreak-preliminary-report-on-a-case-series-of-the-first-8-070-suspected-cases-manaus-amazonas-state-brazil-february-to-november-2018
#6
Guilherme Almeida Elidio, Giovanny Vinícius Araújo de França, Flávia Caselli Pacheco, Marinélia Martins Ferreira, Jair Dos Santos Pinheiro, Eliane Nogueira Campos, Bernardino Cláudio de Albuquerque, Rosemary Costa Pinto, Angela Desiree Carepa Santos da Silva, Priscila Leal E Leite, Greice Madeleine Ikeda do Carmo, Andre Luiz de Abreu, Cintia Paula Vieira Carrero, Marli Rocha de Abreu, Fabiano Marques Rosa, Cesar M de Oliveira, Dirce Bellezi Guilhem
We report an ongoing measles outbreak in Manaus, Amazonas state, Brazil. As at 3 November 2018, 1,631 cases were confirmed corresponding to an incidence of 75.3 per 100,000 inhabitants; all five sanitary districts presented confirmed cases. Reintroduction of measles virus in Manaus is likely related to the current outbreak in Venezuela and due to recent decline in measles vaccine coverage. Given the current scenario, prevention and control measures should target individuals aged 15-29 years.
January 2019: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646974/whole-genome-sequencing-suggests-transmission-of-corynebacterium-diphtheriae-caused-cutaneous-diphtheria-in-two-siblings-germany-2018
#7
Anja Berger, Alexandra Dangel, Tilmann Schober, Birgit Schmidbauer, Regina Konrad, Durdica Marosevic, Sören Schubert, Stefan Hörmansdorfer, Nikolaus Ackermann, Johannes Hübner, Andreas Sing
In September 2018, a child who had returned from Somalia to Germany presented with cutaneous diphtheria by toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae biovar mitis. The child's sibling had superinfected insect bites harbouring also toxigenic C. diphtheriae . Next generation sequencing (NGS) revealed the same strain in both patients suggesting very recent human-to-human transmission. Epidemiological and NGS data suggest that the two cutaneous diphtheria cases constitute the first outbreak by toxigenic C. diphtheriae in Germany since the 1980s...
January 2019: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30621818/serogroup-c-neisseria-meningitidis-disease-epidemiology-seroprevalence-vaccine-effectiveness-and-waning-immunity-england-1998-99-to-2015-16
#8
Helen Findlow, Helen Campbell, Jay Lucidarme, Nick Andrews, Ezra Linley, Shamez Ladhani, Ray Borrow
BackgroundIn 1999, the United Kingdom (UK) was the first country to introduce meningococcal group C (MenC) conjugate vaccination. This vaccination programme has evolved with further understanding, new vaccines and changing disease epidemiology.AimTo characterise MenC disease and population protection against MenC disease in England.MethodsBetween 1998/99-2015/16, surveillance data from England for laboratory-confirmed MenC cases were collated; using the screening method, we updated vaccine effectiveness (VE) estimates...
January 2019: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30621817/the-contribution-of-child-family-and-health-service-factors-to-respiratory-syncytial-virus-rsv-hospital-admissions-in-the-first-3-years-of-life-birth-cohort-study-in-scotland-2009-to-2015
#9
Pia Hardelid, Maximiliane Verfuerden, Jim McMenamin, Rosalind L Smyth, Ruth Gilbert
IntroductionSeveral vaccines for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are under development. Designing an effective vaccination programme for RSV requires information about the relative contribution of risk factors for severe RSV symptoms.AimTo inform preventive strategies in Europe by quantifying the contribution of key child, family and health service risk factors to the burden of RSV hospital admissions in young children.MethodsWe constructed a birth cohort study of all singleton children born in Scotland between October 2009 and September 2012 using linkage between birth registration, maternity, vaccination and hospital admission records, with follow-up until the age of 3 years...
January 2019: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30621816/epidemiologic-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-the-2018-west-nile-virus-wnv-outbreak-in-israel-demonstrates-human-infection-of-wnv-lineage-i
#10
Yaniv Lustig, Ruslan Gosinov, Neta Zuckerman, Yael Glazer, Laor Orshan, Danit Sofer, Eli Schwartz, Gili Schvartz, Yigal Farnoushi, Avishai Lublin, Oran Erster, Uri Shalom, Tamar Yeger, Orna Mor, Emilia Anis, Ella Mendelson
As at 12 November 2018, an outbreak of West Nile virus (WNV) was responsible for 139 WNV infection cases in Israel. Here, we characterise the epidemiology of the outbreak and demonstrate that only WNV lineage I was circulating in mosquitoes and responsible for WNV infection in humans. This suggests that the concurrence of the outbreak in Israel with WNV outbreaks in several European countries is not due to a common, more virulent WNV genotype.
January 2019: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30621824/hepatitis-e-in-pigs-in-israel-seroprevalence-molecular-characterisation-and-potential-impact-on-humans
#11
Rachel Shirazi, Paolo Pozzi, Marina Wax, Itay Bar-Or, Efrat Asulin, Yaniv Lustig, Ella Mendelson, Ziv Ben-Ari, Eli Schwartz, Orna Mor
IntroductionThe zoonotic hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 (HEV-G3) has become a common cause of acute and chronic hepatitis among humans worldwide. In Israel, while HEV-3 sequences have previously been detected in sewage, only the non-zoonotic HEV-G1 genotype has been found in samples from human patients.AimIn this pilot study, we aimed to assess the status of HEV in a sample of the swine population and among swine farm workers in Israel.MethodsPig blood (n = 141) and faecal samples (n = 39), pig farm sewage samples (n = 8) and blood from farm workers (n = 24) were collected between February 2016 and October 2017...
December 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30621823/quantifying-unmet-prevention-needs-among-msm-in-europe-through-a-multi-site-bio-behavioural-survey
#12
Massimo Mirandola, Lorenzo Gios, Nigel Sherriff, Ulrich Marcus, Igor Toskin, Magdalena Rosinska, Susanne Schink, Sharon Kühlmann-Berenzon, Barbara Suligoi, Cinta Folch, Christiane Nöstlinger, Sonia Dias, Danica Stanekova, Irena Klavs, Saulius Caplinskas, Alexandru Rafila, Carolina Marin, Ivailo Alexiev, Lev Zohrabyan, Teymur Noori, Cinthia Menel-Lemos, On Behalf Of The Sialon Ii Network
IntroductionThe HIV epidemic represents an important public health issue in Europe particularly among men who have sex with men (MSM). Global AIDS Monitoring indicators (GAM) have been widely and jointly promoted as a set of crucial standardised items to be adopted for monitoring and responding to the epidemic.MethodsThe Sialon II study, implemented in 13 European cities (2013-14), was a complex multi-centre integrated bio-behavioural cross-sectional survey targeted at MSM, with a concomitant collection of behavioural and biological (oral fluid or blood specimens) data...
December 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30621822/development-of-a-public-health-emergency-preparedness-competency-model-for-european-union-countries
#13
Michael A Stoto, Elena Savoia, Christopher Nelson, Rachael Piltch-Loeb, Stefano Guicciardi, Judit Takacs, Carmen Varela Santos, Massimo Ciotti
In 2017, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) developed a competency model for individuals who work in public health emergency preparedness (PHEP) in European Union (EU) countries. The model serves as the basis for developing competency-based training programmes to support professionals in PHEP efforts at the country level. The competency model describes the knowledge and skills professionals need when working in national-level PHEP, such as preparedness committee members or their equivalents...
December 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30563596/culture-free-genotyping-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-revealed-distinct-strains-at-different-anatomical-sites-in-a-quarter-of-patients-the-netherlands-2012-to-2016
#14
Brian Mjw van der Veer, Petra Fg Wolffs, Christian Jpa Hoebe, Nicole Htm Dukers-Muijrers, Lieke B van Alphen
BackgroundGenotyping of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) is essential for surveillance to monitor NG transmission and dissemination of resistant strains. Current genotyping methods rely on bacterial culture which frequently fails.AimOur aim was to develop a culture-free genotyping method that is compatible with the widely used N. gonorrhoeae multi-antigen sequence typing (NG-MAST) database, which facilitates genotyping of NG detected at separate anatomical sites in individual patients.MethodsSpecific primers for both PCR targets porB and tbpB were designed and technically validated by assessing the analytical sensitivity, cross-reactivity with 32 non-gonoccocal Neisseria species, and concordance with NG-MAST...
December 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30563595/letter-to-the-editor-is-malaria-re-emerging-in-southern-europe-cryptic-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-in-malta-october-2018
#15
Raquel Medialdea-Carrera, Tanya Melillo, Charmaine Gauci, Graziella Rocco, Maria Louise Borg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30563593/in-the-national-epidemiological-bulletins-a-selection-from-recent-issues
#16
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30563592/improvement-of-legionnaires-disease-diagnosis-using-real-time-pcr-assay-a-retrospective-analysis-italy-2010-to-2015
#17
Maria Luisa Ricci, Antonella Grottola, Giulia Fregni Serpini, Antonino Bella, Maria Cristina Rota, Francesca Frascaro, Emanuela Pegoraro, Marisa Meacci, Anna Fabio, Elena Vecchi, Antonietta Girolamo, Fabio Rumpianesi, Monica Pecorari, Maria Scaturro
AimTo evaluate real-time PCR as a diagnostic method for Legionnaires' disease (LD). Detection of Legionella DNA is among the laboratory criteria of a probable LD case, according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, although the utility and advantages, as compared to culture, are widely recognised.MethodsTwo independent laboratories, one using an in-house and the other a commercial real-time PCR assay, analysed 354 respiratory samples from 311 patients hospitalised with pneumonia between 2010-15...
December 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30563591/assessment-of-metagenomic-nanopore-and-illumina-sequencing-for-recovering-whole-genome-sequences-of-chikungunya-and-dengue-viruses-directly-from-clinical-samples
#18
Liana E Kafetzopoulou, Kyriakos Efthymiadis, Kuiama Lewandowski, Ant Crook, Dan Carter, Jane Osborne, Emma Aarons, Roger Hewson, Julian A Hiscox, Miles W Carroll, Richard Vipond, Steven T Pullan
BackgroundThe recent global emergence and re-emergence of arboviruses has caused significant human disease. Common vectors, symptoms and geographical distribution make differential diagnosis both important and challenging. AimTo investigate the feasibility of metagenomic sequencing for recovering whole genome sequences of chikungunya and dengue viruses from clinical samples.MethodsWe performed metagenomic sequencing using both the Illumina MiSeq and the portable Oxford Nanopore MinION on clinical samples which were real-time reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) positive for chikungunya (CHIKV) or dengue virus (DENV), two of the most important arboviruses...
December 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30563589/note-from-the-editors-special-issue-on-advanced-diagnostics-to-inform-public-health-policy
#19
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30621821/adult-hyalomma-marginatum-tick-positive-for-rickettsia-aeschlimannii-in-austria-october-2018
#20
Georg Gerhard Duscher, Adnan Hodžić, Peter Hufnagl, Walpurga Wille-Piazzai, Anna-Magarita Schötta, Mateusz Andrzej Markowicz, Agustín Estrada-Peña, Gerold Stanek, Franz Allerberger
We report on a non-indigenous adult Hyalomma marginatum tick in Austria carrying the human pathogenic Rickettsia aeschlimannii ; presumably introduced as a nymph via migratory birds and completed the moulting within the same year. It was negative for Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus, but the finding of R. aeschlimannii represents a potential threat for humans due to its zoonotic character. Awareness of invasive tick species and carried pathogens should be improved in central and northern Europe.
November 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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