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New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243386/global-approaches-to-early-learning-research-and-practice-integrative-commentary
#1
Nicole Landi, Laurie E Cutting
This commentary presents highlights from the seven articles in this volume, along with a synthesis of take-home points that can be used to inform policy and practice. Across each article there is a story of both successes and the challenges of ongoing work that seeks to enhance children's development in diverse and challenging environments across the globe. Although the topics covered in this volume range from development of early self-regulation and executive function to the use of technology to aid literacy acquisition in remote areas, each points to the need for systems-level coordination and sustained commitment to reach children at risk...
December 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243385/assessing-the-impact-of-early-learning-programs-in-africa
#2
REVIEW
Amber Gove, Tracy Brunette, Jennae Bulat, Bidemi Carrol, Catherine Henny, Wykia Macon, Evangeline Nderu, Yasmin Sitabkhan
We present results from early learning programs in six African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda. In partnership with ministries of education, RTI International has worked within government systems to support the design and deployment of locally contextualized materials, training, and assessment tools, with the goal of improving outcomes for early learners in primary schools, and in Kenya and Tanzania preprimary as well. Here we report on the experience and evidence of impact from specific programs in each country, including summary assessment results when available...
December 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243384/poverty-s-impact-on-children-s-executive-functions-global-considerations
#3
REVIEW
Stephanie L Haft, Fumiko Hoeft
Poverty detrimentally affects child executive function (EF), a subset of cognitive abilities implicated in reading and other achievement outcomes. Consequently, research has focused on understanding explanatory and mediating mechanisms in this association. This research, however, has mainly involved populations from Western, high-income countries. Children from low- and middle-income countries comprise a significant proportion of the world's population and are at additional risk for poor EF as a result of a more disadvantaged context...
December 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243383/global-approaches-to-early-learning-research-and-practice-an-introduction
#4
Kenneth R Pugh, Peggy McCardle, Annie Stutzman
This chapter introduces the issue, highlighting the importance of early childhood development and learning.
December 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243382/bringing-the-bottom-billion-into-basic-literacy-how-we-can-and-why-we-must
#5
Stephanie Gottwald, Robin Morris, Maryanne Wolf, Tinsley Galyean
Close to one billion people in the world do not have basic literacy skills. A key challenge is reaching children in the midst of circumstances that make a traditional school-based approach impractical. This chapter will describe a cross-disciplinary, mobile technology approach to literacy education. The Curious Learning approach distributes research-based, English literacy content on mobile devices to children without access to an adequate school. The software platform is equipped with data collection tools to measure usage patterns and literacy outcomes...
December 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243381/state-of-early-child-development-research-practice-and-policy-for-most-vulnerable-children-a-global-perspective
#6
REVIEW
Mary Eming Young
Interventions to enhance development of children ages 0-6 have profound benefits for children, families, and societies. The benefits are well documented, recognized internationally, and supportive of policies and programs targeting early child development (ECD). Intervening in the early years is a critical first step toward alleviating poverty, reducing inequality, and ensuring a productive workforce for the global economy. The challenges presented by the almost 250 million at-risk children in low- and middle-income countries and the main obstacles to investing in ECD demand a paradigm shift in social policy and an action agenda integrated with the world's sustainable development goals for 2030...
December 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243380/neurolinguistic-studies-of-reading-in-chinese
#7
REVIEW
Ovid J L Tzeng, Chia Ying Lee, Jun Ren Lee, Denise H Wu, Rose R-W Lee, Daisy L Hung
Using the Chinese writing system, which is unique with respect to the composition of each character in terms of its graphic shape, as an example, this chapter addresses the neurobiological underpinnings of reading and writing and how these brain circuits are used in different languages.
December 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243379/cultural-adaptation-of-a-neurobiologically-informed-intervention-in-local-and-international-contexts
#8
REVIEW
Eric Pakulak, Amanda Hampton Wray, Zayra Longoria, Alejandra Garcia Isaza, Courtney Stevens, Theodore Bell, Sarah Burlingame, Scott Klein, Samuel Berlinski, Orazio Attanasio, Helen Neville
The relationship between early adversity and numerous negative outcomes across the lifespan is evident in a wide range of societies and cultures (e.g., Pakulak, Stevens, & Neville, 2018). Among the most affected neural systems are those supporting attention, self-regulation, and stress regulation. As such, these systems represent targets for neurobiologically informed interventions addressing early adversity. In prior work with monolingual native English-speaking families, we showed that a two-generation intervention targeting these systems in families improves outcomes across multiple domains including child brain function for selective attention (for detail, see Neville et al...
December 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243378/reading-research-and-practice-indian-perspective
#9
REVIEW
R Malatesha Joshi, Pooja R Nakamura, Nandini Chatterjee Singh
The authors outline the basic structure of akshara, the basic unit of writing in Indic writing systems used widely in South and Southeast Asia; present preliminary studies relating to reading, assessment, and instruction of akshara; and outline recommendations for future studies.
December 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892288/the-current-status-of-peer-assessment-techniques-and-sociometric-methods
#10
William M Bukowski, Melisa Castellanos, Ryan J Persram
Current issues in the use of peer assessment techniques and sociometric methods are discussed. Attention is paid to the contributions of the four articles in this volume. Together these contributions point to the continual level of change and progress in these techniques. They also show that the paradigm underlying these methods has been unchanged for decades. It is argued that this domain is ripe for a paradigm change that takes advantage of recent developments in statistical techniques and technology.
September 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892287/introduction-to-the-special-issue-20th-century-origins-and-21st-century-developments-of-peer-nomination-methodology
#11
Peter E L Marks
This issue of New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development looks at current practices and recent advances in peer nomination methodology. Peer nominations provide a key method for assessing relationships, social status, and interpersonal behavior. This introductory article begins with a history of peer nomination methods, with a focus on the early origins of peer informant measures and the nature of Moreno's (1934) sociometric methodology (highlighting fundamental differences from the modern sociometric procedure)...
September 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892286/methodological-choices-in-peer-nomination-research
#12
Antonius H N Cillessen, Peter E L Marks
Although peer nomination measures have been used by researchers for nearly a century, common methodological practices and rules of thumb (e.g., which variables to measure; use of limited vs. unlimited nomination methods) have continued to develop in recent decades. At the same time, other key aspects of the basic nomination procedure (e.g., whether nonparticipants should be included as nominees, the consequences of pairing code numbers with names on rosters) are underdiscussed and understudied. Beyond providing a general introduction to peer nomination methods and their utility, the current article discusses the advantages and disadvantages of various methodological choices facing researchers who wish to use peer nomination methods, in addition to other considerations that researchers must make in collecting peer nomination data (e...
September 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892285/computer-based-methods-for-collecting-peer-nomination-data-utility-practice-and-empirical-support
#13
Yvonne H M van den Berg, Rob Gommans
New technologies have led to several major advances in psychological research over the past few decades. Peer nomination research is no exception. Thanks to these technological innovations, computerized data collection is becoming more common in peer nomination research. However, computer-based assessment is more than simply programming the questionnaire and asking respondents to fill it in on computers. In this chapter the advantages and challenges of computer-based assessments are discussed. In addition, a list of practical recommendations and considerations is provided to inform researchers on how computer-based methods can be applied to their own research...
September 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892284/logistical-challenges-and-opportunities-for-conducting-peer-nomination-research-in-schools
#14
Lara Mayeux, Caroline Kraft
Although conducting psychological research within schools has always required effort, persistence, and the careful navigation of various interests, there is a consensus among child and adolescent researchers that, over the past 2 decades, it has become increasingly difficult to collect data within schools. In this chapter, we lay out common and consistent difficulties, frustrations, and obstacles that researchers face when attempting to conduct peer nomination research in schools. Many of these difficulties are faced not only by researchers conducting peer nominations but by any investigator attempting to do school-based research, and we discuss these issues more broadly...
September 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581194/commentary-2-sibling-power-dynamics-the-role-of-family-and-sociocultural-context
#15
Kimberly A Updegraff
The balance of power and control is an understudied, yet important, aspect of the sibling relationship that is theorized to shift over the course of development from early childhood to young adulthood. The investigations in this issue offer support for this overall progression, but extend prior research by providing a nuanced understanding of sibling power dynamics using different methodologies, analytic approaches, and study designs. Grounded within an ecological framework, directions for future research are offered to expand our understanding of sibling power dynamics in diverse family and sociocultural contexts...
June 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581193/siblings-power-and-influence-in-polyadic-family-conflict-during-early-childhood
#16
REVIEW
Sandra Della Porta, Nina Howe
This study examined sibling behavior during polyadic family conflicts (involving three or more family members) by identifying operational conflict elements (i.e., roles, topic), power strategies, effective influence of power, and social domain argumentation. Polyadic conflict sequences (n = 210) were identified in 35/39 families with two siblings (aged 4 and 6) and their parents observed at home. The dominant conflict topic, siblings' use of power and power strategy executed in relation to social domain argumentation, revealed unique qualities of conflict in the polyadic family context; effective use of power strategies to facilitate favorable outcomes differed by sibling birth order...
June 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581192/sibling-influences-on-risky-behaviors-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-vertical-socialization-or-bidirectional-effects
#17
REVIEW
Shawn D Whiteman, Alexander C Jensen, Susan M McHale
This study built on research on sibling influences to assess potential bidirectional effects of older and younger siblings' risky behaviors on one another's risky behaviors; our longitudinal design allowed us to test these effects when siblings were at about the same chronological age, at different points in time. We also tested whether the strength and/or direction of effects of siblings' risky behaviors changed from middle adolescence to young adulthood. Reports of risky behaviors (i.e., deviant behaviors and excessive alcohol use) were provided by firstborn and secondborn siblings from up to 201 families on five occasions spanning 10 years...
June 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581191/relative-power-in-sibling-relationships-across-adolescence
#18
REVIEW
Anna K Lindell, Nicole Campione-Barr
During childhood, older siblings typically hold a more powerful position in their relationship with their younger siblings, but these relationships are thought to become more egalitarian during adolescence as siblings begin to prepare for their relationships as adults and as younger siblings become more socially and cognitively competent. Little is known about relationship factors that may explain this shift in power dynamics, however. The present study therefore examined longitudinal changes in adolescents' and their siblings' perceptions of sibling relative power from age 12 to 18 (n = 145 dyads), and examined whether different levels of sibling relationship positivity and negativity, as well as sibling structural variables, indicated different over-time changes in relative power...
June 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581190/family-perspectives-on-siblings-conflict-goals-in-middle-childhood-links-to-hierarchical-and-affective-features-of-sibling-relationships
#19
REVIEW
Holly E Recchia, Ma-Ab Witwit
This study examined parents' and children's descriptions of older and younger siblings' conflict goals in the late preschool and middle childhood years, and how these attributions were related to sibling relationship quality. Parents and 4- to 10-year-old children from 62 families were interviewed separately about siblings' motivations in two disputes and completed assessments of sibling relationship quality. Goal attributions varied across respondents in ways reflecting their family roles and positioning within disputes...
June 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581189/the-changing-nature-of-power-control-and-influence-in-sibling-relationships
#20
REVIEW
Nicole Campione-Barr
The sibling relationship is unique in that it transforms across development from hierarchical in early childhood, to egalitarian by adulthood. The present article reviews the previous theorizing and research literature regarding how and why power, control, and therefore sibling influence, change over the course of the first couple of decades, and introduces the goals and advancements made by the new research presented in this issue.
June 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
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