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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605343/in-memoriam-prof-dr-hanns-kreisel-1931-2017
#1
Ulrike Lindequist, Frieder Schauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605342/compositional-differences-of-the-winter-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-flammulina-velutipes-agaricomycetes-under-three-types-of-light-conditions
#2
Shu-Yao Tsai, Erh-Wen Huang, Chun-Ping Lin
The focus of this study was to investigate the effect of light on the cultivation and the amounts of bio-active components in Flammulina velutipes. The mushrooms were cultivated under fluorescent tube (T8) grow lights, lightemitting diodes (LEDs), and cold-cathode fluorescent lamps. The biological efficiency of the T8 lights was the highest, at 92%. The crude fat content, crude fiber content, polysaccharide content, and ergosterol content were highest under the LEDs, at 2.9 g/100 g, 7.9 g/100 g, 3.9 g/100 g, and 1...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605341/preclinical-assessment-of-cardiovascular-alterations-induced-by-birch-polypore-mushroom-piptoporus-betulinus-agaricomycetes
#3
James Oluwagbamigbe Fajemiroye, Aline A Mourão, Stefanne Madalena Marques, Lanussy Porfiro de Oliveira, Jeronimo Raimundo de Oliveira Neto, Abimbola Christanah Elusiyan, Gustavo Rodrigues Pedrino, Elson Alves Costa, Luiz Carlos da Cunha, Jordan K Zjawiony
Piptoporus betulinus has been used in folk medicine for millennia. However, no data currently exist regarding its potential cardiovascular activity. In this work, the crude ethanolic extract and fractions (hexane, ethyl acetate, and water) with increased polarity from the partitioning process, as well as stigmasterol (the major metabolite isolated from P. betulinus), were administered orally at different doses to normotensive male Wistar rats an hour before recording mean arterial pressure, heart rate, renal blood flow, renal vascular conductance, arterial blood flow, and arterial vascular conductance...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605340/vitamin-d2-stability-during-the-refrigerated-storage-of-ultraviolet-b-treated-cultivated-culinary-medicinal-mushrooms
#4
Aneta Slawinska, Emilia Fornal, Wojciech Radzki, Ewa Jablonska-Rys, Ewa Parfieniuk
The effects of ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation on the synthesis of vitamin D2 and its stability during refrigerated storage was determined in fresh cultivated culinary-medicinal mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus, Pleurotus ostreatus, and Lentinus edodes) after harvest. The irradiated mushrooms were stored at 4°C for up to 10 days. The concentrations of vitamin D2 and ergosterol were determined using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. The cultivated mushrooms not treated with UVB were devoid of vitamin D2...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605339/anti-mrsa-activity-of-fruiting-body-extracts-of-spectacular-rustgill-mushroom-gymnopilus-junonius-agaricomycetes
#5
Stephanie Barneche, Silvana Alborés, Graciela Borthagaray, María Pía Cerdeiras, Alvaro Vázquez
Despite the great advances in chemotherapeutics, infectious diseases are still one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Among some of the clinically relevant pathogens, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ranks as one of the most difficult bacteria to treat. It is a common cause of skin, soft-tissue, and endovascular infections, as well as pneumonia, septic arthritis, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and sepsis. The research on Basidiomycota is extensive; many species show a broad spectrum of pharmacological activities, including antimicrobial activity...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605338/effect-of-hispolon-from-phellinus-lonicerinus-agaricomycetes-on-estrogen-receptors-aromatase-and-cyclooxygenase-ii-in-mcf-7-breast-cancer-cells
#6
Junzhi Wang, Beiyan Chen, Fang Hu, Xueling Zou, Haili Yu, Jinyu Wang, Hongqi Zhang, Haibo He, Wenfeng Huang
Phytoestrogen has previously been proposed as an alternative to hormone replacement therapy. Hispolon has been found to have phytoestrogenic properties. However, the possible effects of hispolon on estrogen receptors and other related molecules remain to be determined. This study was performed mainly to confirm the estrogenic function of hispolon as it relates to estrogen receptors, aromatase, and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2). Hispolon was shown to increase the serum 17β-estradiol in vivo. Immunohistochemical staining methods showed that hispolon exhibited a biphasic effect on ERα/β and aromatase expression in MCF-7 cells...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605337/antitumor-effect-of-by-1-from-spent-broth-from-submerged-cultures-of-stout-camphor-medicinal-mushroom-taiwanofungus-camphoratus-higher-basidiomycetes-on-a549-adenocarcinoma-cells
#7
Wen-Han Wang, Li-Yuan Wang, Hai-Rui Yang, Ya-Ping Zhang, He-Nan Zhang, Hua Fan, Xiang-Li Zhao, Jing-Song Zhang, Wei Jia
By-1 was obtained from spent broth from submerged cultures of Taiwanofungus camphoratus. This report evaluates the effects of By-1 on plate clone formation, wound healing, cell cycle, activated caspase-3 expression, and ROS release in A549 lung cancer cells. The result of plate clone formation assay revealed that By-1 could dramatically inhibit the viability of A549 cells in vitro. The inhibitory effect of By-1 on cell migration was tested using a wound healing assay. Proliferation rates of A549 cells were significantly inhibited following exposure to By-1 (12...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605336/tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinase-1-timp-1-and-il-23-induced-by-polysaccharide-of-the-black-hoof-medicinal-mushroom-phellinus-linteus-agaricomycetes
#8
Soo Kyung Yoon, Soo Kyung Sung, Dong Hee Lee, Ha Won Kim
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) has diverse roles associated with cell growth, migration, invasion, and angiogenesis. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) is known to inhibit MMP-9 by complexing with it at a 1:1 ratio. Suppressing MMP-9 activity through the overexpression of TIMP-1 allows for regulation of tumor growth and metastasis by blocking invasion and angiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment. We found that TIMP-1 and interleukin (IL)-23 are induced in RAW264.7 macrophage cells, a cell line established by Abelson leukemia virus transformation from the BALB/c mouse strain, in a dose-dependent pattern, at the transcriptional level by treatment with a crude polysaccharide fraction of Phellinus linteus (CPP) at a range of 10 to 1000 μg/mL...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605335/in-vitro-expression-of-toll-like-receptors-and-proinflammatory-molecules-induced-by-ergosta-7-22-dien-3-one-isolated-from-a-wild-mexican-strain-of-ganoderma-oerstedii-agaricomycetes
#9
Angel Ramos-Ligonio, Aracely López-Monteon, Maria de la Soledad Lagunes-Castro, Jorge Suarez-Medellin, Cesar Espinoza, Guillermo Mendoza, Angel Trigos
Compounds showing pharmacological activity on the immune system are of interest because of their therapeutic potential in the treatment of many diseases. However, data from primary human immune cells and in vivo studies are limited. The aim of this study was to analyze the ability to induce the expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and proinflammatory molecules on cells involved in the immune system using the compound ergosta-7,22-dien-3- one, isolated from a wild Mexican strain of Ganoderma oerstedii. According to our study, ergosta-7,22-dien-3-one did not present any cytotoxic effect on HeLa or J774A...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605334/an-overview-of-culinary-and-medicinal-mushrooms-in-neurodegeneration-and-neurotrauma-research
#10
Kah-Hui Wong, Chai-Chee Ng, Gowri Kanagasabapathy, Yoon-Yen Yow, Vikineswary Sabaratnam
Culinary and medicinal mushrooms have been appreciated since prehistoric times as valuable resources for food and medicine. Edible mushrooms represent an untapped source of nutraceuticals and valuable palatable food. Long considered tonics, they are now treasured as functional foods that can improve human health and quality of life. Numerous studies have provided insights into the neuroprotective effects of edible mushrooms, which are attributed to their antioxidant, antineuroinflammatory, and cholinesterase inhibitory properties, and their ability to prevent neuronal death...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605326/effect-of-different-proportions-of-agrowaste-on-cultivation-yield-and-nutritional-composition-of-the-culinary-medicinal-jelly-mushroom-auricularia-polytricha-higher-basidiomycetes
#11
Chiu-Yeh Wu, Chih-Hung Liang, Kuan-Jzen Wu, Hsin-Der Shih, Zeng-Chin Liang
In this study, Auricularia polytricha was cultivated on a sawdust basal substrate supplemented with different proportions (30%, 45%, and 60%, respectively) of agrowastes-sugarcane bagasse (SB), rice straw (RS), and rice husk (RH)-to evaluate the alternative substrates. The mycelial growth rate, total colonization time, time to first primordia, biological efficiency, and chemical composition of the fruiting bodies were determined. Results indicated that the 60% SB substrate was the best substrate for mycelial growth of A...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605325/turmeric-bioprocessed-with-mycelia-from-the-shiitake-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-lentinus-edodes-agaricomycetes-protects-mice-against-salmonellosis
#12
Sung Phil Kim, Sang Jong Lee, Seok Hyun Nam, Mendel Friedman
This study investigated the suppressive mechanisms of an extract from bioprocessed Lentinus edodes mycelial liquid culture supplemented with turmeric (bioprocessed Curcuma longa extract [BPCLE]) against murine salmonellosis. The BPLCE extract from the bioprocessed mycelia of the Salmonella Typhimurium into murine RAW 264.7 macrophage cells, elimination of intracellular bacteria, and elevation of inducible nitric oxide synthase expression. Dietary administration of BPCLE activated leukocytes from the mice infected with Salmonella through the intraperitoneal route...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605324/sulfation-of-the-extracellular-polysaccharide-produced-by-the-king-oyster-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-pleurotus-eryngii-agaricomycetes-and-its-antioxidant-properties-in-vitro
#13
Xuewei Jia, Chong Wang, Yanhong Bai, Jinwei Yu, Chunping Xu
Extracellular polysaccharide from Pleurotus eryngii was sulfated; the optimum reaction conditions used pyridine as the reaction solvent, a temperature of 80°C, and a reaction time of 90 minutes. The structure and antioxidant activity of the sulfated and original polysaccharides (designated as SF-1 and Fr-1, respectively) were investigated. The main functional groups of polysaccharides were determined by Fourier transform infrared, and the chain conformation was determined by size-exclusion chromatography with laser light scattering and viscometry...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605323/a-king-bolete-boletus-edulis-agaricomycetes-rna-fraction-stimulates-proliferation-and-cytotoxicity-of-natural-killer-cells-against-myelogenous-leukemia-cells
#14
Marta Kinga Lemieszek, Fernando Herminio Ferreira Milheiro Nunes, Katarzyna Sawa-Wejksza, Wojciech Rzeski
Numerous studies indicate the crucial role of natural killer (NK) cells in the prevention of tumor growth and inhibition of their metastasis, which suggests the possibility of their use in cancer treatment. This therapeutic strategy required finding a selective NK cell stimulator that, upon administration, did not disturb organism homeostasis, unlike natural activators (interleukin-2 or interleukin-12). Because the majority of anticancer agents derived from Basidiomycetes are able to stimulate lymphocytes, we describe the influence of Boletus edulis RNA on a human NK cell line (NK92)...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605322/antioxidant-and-cholesterol-esterase-inhibitory-properties-of-supplementation-with-coconut-water-in-submerged-cultivation-of-the-medicinal-chinese-caterpillar-mushroom-ophiocordyceps-sinensis-cs1197-ascomycetes
#15
G M Shashidhar, S Sravan Kumar, P Giridhar, B Manohar
We investigated the potential use of coconut water to supplement potato dextrose broth (PDB) in the production of Ophiocordyceps sinensis CS1197 by submerged cultivation. The basal PDB medium was modified by supplementation with tender coconut water (TCW) and mature coconut water (MCW) at 10% and 5% (v/v), respectively; these mixtures were cultured at 28°C for 14 days, with a pH of 7 and an inoculum volume of 10%. The addition of optimized levels of TCW and MCW improved the biomass yield by 2.2- and 2.5-fold, respectively, and adenosine, cordycepin, and polysaccharide content by 58% and 69%, 50% and 55%, and 19% and 27%, respectively...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605321/antioxidant-and-enzyme-inhibitory-activities-of-extracts-from-wild-mushroom-species-from-turkey
#16
Gokhan Zengin, Mehmet Cemil Uren, Mehmet Sefa Kocak, Halil Gungor, Marcello Locatelli, Abdurrahman Aktumsek, Cengiz Sarikurkcu
The antioxidant and inhibitory effects of methanol and aqueous extracts from Hymenogaster aromaticus, Ramaria aurea, and Rhizopogon luteolus against cholinesterase, tyrosinase, α-amylase, and α-glucosidase are reported here, to our knowledge for the first time. Antioxidant activities were investigated using different assays, including 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid), ferric ion-reducing antioxidant power, cupric ion-reducing antioxidant capacity, phosphomolybdenum, and metal-chelating assays...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605320/preparative-isolation-of-5-antioxidant-constituents-from-the-medicinal-mushroom-phellinus-baumii-agaricomycetes-by-high-speed-countercurrent-chromatography-and-preparative-high-performance-liquid-chromatography
#17
Libin Ye, Hongjian Zheng, Zhong Zhang, Yan Yang
Four extract fractions from the fruiting bodies of Phellinus baumii were acquired. Preliminary investigation of radical scavenging ability showed that the ethyl acetate extract exhibited the strongest antioxidant activity. To gain insight into the antioxidant mechanism, 5 antioxidant constituents were prepared from the ethyl acetate extract using high-speed countercurrent chromatography with a solvent system consisting of n-hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol, and water (0.8:3:1.5:2.5, v/v/v/v), and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605319/medicinal-mushrooms-in-human-clinical-studies-part-i-anticancer-oncoimmunological-and-immunomodulatory-activities-a-review
#18
Solomon P Wasser
More than 130 medicinal functions are thought to be produced by medicinal mushrooms (MMs) and fungi, including antitumor, immunomodulating, antioxidant, radical scavenging, cardiovascular, antihypercholesterolemic, antiviral, antibacterial, antiparasitic, antifungal, detoxification, hepatoprotective, antidiabetic, and other effects. Many, if not all, higher Basidiomycetes mushrooms contain biologically active compounds in fruit bodies, cultured mycelia, and cultured broth. Special attention has been paid to mushroom polysaccharides...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436327/mechanism-of-glucose-regulates-the-fruiting-body-formation-in-the-beech-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-hypsizygus-marmoreus-agaricomycetes
#19
Jin-Jing Zhang, Hui Chen, Min-Ying Xie, Ming-Jie Chen, Hai-Bo Hao, Hong Wang, Zhi-Yong Feng
To understand the fruiting process of Hypsizygus marmoreus, a synthetic liquid medium (SLM) was optimized to induce fruiting body initiation. Dependent on the SLM, the effect of a monofactor (glucose) on the fruiting bodies of H. marmoreus was studied at different concentrations (10 and 40 g/L). Primordia appeared approximately 10 days earlier in low-glucose media (LGM) than in high-glucose media (HGM), whereas mature fruiting bodies formed on mushrooms approximately 7 days earlier and more primordia developed into mature fruiting bodies when cultured in HGM...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436326/evaluation-and-characterization-of-nutritive-properties-of-the-jelly-ear-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-auricularia-auricula-judae-agaricomycetes-from-nigeria
#20
Reginald Chibueze Ohiri, Essien Eka Bassey
This study investigated the nutritive properties of the culinary-medicinal mushroom Auricularia auricula- judae. From the analysis, among the major minerals, potassium was found in the highest concentration, with a value of 172.03 ± 8.62 mg/kg, whereas manganese had the highest concentration among trace elements, with a value of 1.66 ± 0.11 mg/kg. Glutamic acid was the amino acid detected in the largest amounts in this study, with a value of 10.09 ± 1.86 mg/kg. Although glutamine and asparagine were not detected in this mushroom, cysteine and methionine had the lowest concentrations, with values of 0...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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