Read by QxMD icon Read

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

Teresa A Castillo, José Raimundo G Pereira, José Maria A Alves, Maria Francisca S Teixeira
The objective of this study was to analyze the mycelial growth under different culture conditions and the antimicrobial activity of Lentinus citrinus Walleyn & Rammeloo DPUA 1535 and Neolentinus lepideus (Fr.) Redhead & Ginns DPUA 1536 against some fungi and bacteria. The growth of Lentinus spp. was evaluated in natural and complex media, with and without light, at 25°C and 28°C for 8, 15, and 30 days. To test antimicrobial activity, we used Candida albicans DPUA 1336, Cryptococcus laurentii DPUA 1501, Aspergillus flavus DPUA 1836, Escherichia coli DAUPE 224, and Mycobacterium smegmatis ATCC 607...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Yingyin Xu, Shiwen Chen, Qinghong Liu
The biological macromolecule Hohenbuehelia serotina lectin (HSL) was first isolated from dried fruiting bodies of the mushroom H. serotina and identified as a heterodimer with 2 subunits of the same molecular weight (15.6 kDa) but different isoelectric points. Lactose and d-galactose inhibited the hemagglutinating activity of HSL, whereas mental ions Mn2+ and Ca2+ could stimulate its hemagglutination. The HSL hemagglutinating activity was stable for 1 hour in NaOH and HCl solutions up to a concentration of 12...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Yu Zou, Xiyan Hou
We investigated the sonication-assisted extraction (SAE) conditions of Tremella fuciformis polysaccharides. Single-factor experiments showed that the optimal sonication intensity was 6 W/cm2; the other SAE conditions were further optimized using response surface experimental design. A Box-Behnken experiment exhibited that the optimal SAE conditions were temperature, 85°C; ratio of liquid to solid, 46 mL/g; and sonication time, 2 hours. The maximal polysaccharide yield (8.95 g/100 g) was obtained under the optimal extraction conditions...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Chan Kam Seng, Noorlidah Abdullah, Norhaniza Aminudin
Dyslipidemia is the key precursor of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the lipid-modifying potential of organic solvent-partitioned extracts from fruiting bodies of Amauroderma rugosum in vitro using oleate-induced human hepatocellular liver carcinoma (HepG2) cells. Our results demonstrated that oleate-induced HepG2 cells treated with ethyl acetate (EA) extract greatly decreased intracellular and secreted total triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) compared with other extracts...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Shin Yee Fung, Nget Hong Tan, Boon Hong Kong, Sook Shien Lee, Yee Shin Tan, Vikineswary Sabaratnam
Amauroderma rugosum is a wild medicinal mushroom also known as budak cendawan sawan. Members of the indigenous Malaysian Temuan community wear the fresh stipes as a necklace to prevent epileptic seizure and unremitting crying by babies. In our previous studies, A. rugosum exhibited significant antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The aim of this study was to determine the toxicity (in the event that a stipe is accidentally bitten) and cytotoxicity of this mushroom on Sprague-Dawley rats and selected cell lines...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Tanvi Gaur, P B Rao
The antibacterial activity, phenolic profile, and bioactive compounds of fruiting bodies from 2 strains (MA1 and MA2) of the giant mushroom Macrocybe gigantea were evaluated to access their nutraceutical efficacy. The antibacterial activity was higher in MA2 against all selected pathogenic bacteria. Selected phenolics were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with ultraviolet-visible detection. Gallic acid, ferulic acid, quercetin, p-hydroxy benzoic acid, cinnamic acid, and rutin contents (micrograms per gram dry weight) were quantified...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Etsuko Harada, Toshihiro Morizono, Masayoshi Saito
Grifola gargal Singer is a medicinal mushroom with biological effects such as antiatherogenic and antiosteoporotic activities. The objective of this study was to examine a blood glucose-reducing effect and a fatreducing effect of G. gargal supplementation in vivo. The effects of G. gargal powder (GGP) in a high-molecular weight hot water extract (GGH) and a low-molecular weight hot water extract (GGL) on blood glucose were investigated in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic ICR mice (STZ diabetic mice). A significant decrease in blood glucose was observed after 5 weeks of GGL supplementation (fraction with a molecular weight ≤ 6000 Da) in STZ diabetic mice...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Wenjuan Zhang, Xiaolong Zhang, Minghua Li, Yan Shi, Ping Zhang, Xian-Long Cheng, Feng Wei, Shuangcheng Ma
Ophiocordyceps sinensis is a valuable traditional Chinese medicine with a high market price. In this study, a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment-length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method based on 2 enzymes was developed to distinguish O. sinensis from 6 common counterfeit species. To verify the applicability of this method, we experimentally tested O. sinensis organisms, tablet preparations made from O. sinensis, and cultured mycelia isolated from O. sinensis. To validate the results from this PCR-RFLP method, all real samples were identified by internal transcribed spacer sequencing...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Mingxing Wang, Yanqiu Zhang, Xulang Xiao, Duoduo Xu, Yang Gao, Qipin Gao
Hericium erinaceus is typically used in traditional Chinese medicine for mucosal protection, healing of gastric ulcers, and treatment of gastritis. We purified from the cultured mycelia of H. erinaceus a polysaccharide with anti-gastric ulcer and antigastritis activity, but its effects on gastric malignancy have not been elucidated. We examined the differential effects of this purified polysaccharide, named EP-1, on the human gastric (GES-1) cell line and a precancerous cell line (MC) that was transformed from GES-1 using N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Rigoberto Gaitán-Hernández, Marco Antonio Barradas Zavaleta, Elia Nora Aquino-Bolaños
The effects of substrate and strain on productivity, physicochemical characteristics, and compounds with antioxidant activity were evaluated in basidiomes of the shiitake mushroom, Lentinus edodes. Strains IE-245 and IE-256 and the substrates oak wood shavings (OW), sorghum stubble (SS), and sugar cane bagasse (SC) were used. Productivity was evaluated by measuring biological efficiency (BE), production rate (PR), and yield. Total sugars, total soluble solids, pH, titratable acidity, color parameters, total phenolics, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, and antioxidant activity of the basidiomes were measured...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Yong-Nan Liu, Xiao-Xiao Lu, Ang Ren, Liang Shi, Ai-Liang Jiang, Han-Shou Yu, Ming-Wen Zhao
Ganoderma lucidum has been considered an emerging model species for studying how environmental factors regulate the growth, development, and secondary metabolism of Basidiomycetes. Heat stress, which is one of the most important environmental abiotic stresses, seriously affects the growth, development, and yield of microorganisms. Understanding the response to heat stress has gradually become a hotspot in microorganism research. But suitable reference genes for expression analysis under heat stress have not been reported in G...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Ivan V Zmitrovich, Oleg N Ezhov, Kiran R Ranadive, Solomon P Wasser
The purpose of this study was to comprehensively characterize a little-known polypore that has recently been found to possess anticancer activity and thus can also be used in targeted cancer therapy. Earliella scabrosa is a polypore with pantropical distribution and can be found in rainforests in both the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Some reports have described its antioxidant properties and free radical scavenging ability. Moreover, isocoumarin, which has been successfully used in targeted cancer therapy, was found in extracts of this fungus...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Vandana Kirar, Sarita Nehra, Jigni Mishra, R Rakhee, Deepika Saraswat, Kshipra Misra
Imbalanced oxygen availability is detrimental to normal cell function. Oxygen-sensitive cells such as cardiomyoblasts experience severe irreversible pathophysiological damage under conditions of reduced oxygen availability, such as hypoxia. A number of natural therapeutic agents have been explored for their potential cytoprotective effects, of which medicinal mushrooms are an important source. Ganoderma lucidum, commonly known as lingzhi, is one such mushroom that has been elaborately studied for its potential pharmacological properties...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Quanbo Chi, Guoyi Wang, Yao Sheng, Wentao Xu, Pengfei Shi, Changhui Zhao, Kunlun Huang
Pleurotus citrinopileatus is an edible medicinal mushroom rich in biomolecules and thus has a high potential for use in formulating pharmaceutical and nutraceutical products. To test its effect on body weight and glucose control, we generated diet-induced obese (DIO) C57BL/6J male mice by feeding the mice a high-fat diet (60% fat) for 8 weeks and treating them with an ethanolic P. citrinopileatus extract (PCE) at either 200 or 500 mg/kg body weight for 12 additional weeks. The results showed that PCE significantly inhibited high-fat diet-induced weight gain, fat accumulation, and glucose intolerance in the DIO mice...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Bianca Hessel Maschio, Bianca Carvalho Gentil, Erika Leão Ajala Caetano, Lucas Silva Rodrigues, Leticia Favara Laurino, Sara Rosicler Vieira Spim, Angela Faustino Jozala, Carolina Alves Dos Santos, Denise Grotto, Marli Gerenutti
This study evaluated the protective effect of Lentinus edodes in rats with streptozotocin-induced gestational diabetes mellitus (STZ-GDM) when administered orally. The rats received from the 1st to the 19th day of gestation daily doses of 100 or 200 mg/kg of lyophilized and reconstituted L. edodes; the animals in the saline control group and diabetic control group received a saline solution (DS). Gestational diabetes mellitus was induced by streptozotocin (80 mg/kg, administered intraperitoneally) on the fourth day of pregnancy; blood glucose > 180 mg/dL was considered to indicate STZ-GDM...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Jaweria Nisar, Imtiaz Mustafa, Haseeb Anwar, Muhammad Umar Sohail, Ghulam Hussain, Muhammad Irfan Ullah, Muhammad Naeem Faisal, Shazia Anwer Bukhari, Abdul Basit
Lentinus edodes is a culinary-medicinal mushroom that has an established history of use in Asian therapies. The mushroom offers well-documented beneficial health effects such as antihypercholesterolemic, antitumor, and antibacterial activities. In this study, dried powder of L. edodes fruiting bodies was used to evaluate immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective, and antioxidant effects in hypercholesterolemic rats. Albino rats (n = 24) were divided into 3 groups: the control (CON) group, the hypercholesterolemia-only group (HCG), and the L...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Lina Smolskaite, Gražina Slapšyte, Jurate Mierauskiene, Veronika Dedonyte, Petras Rimantas Venskutonis
Antioxidant and genotoxic properties of hispidin isolated from the Phaeolus schweinitzii mushroom were evaluated with various assays. Hispidin demonstrated strong free radical scavenging, oxygen radical absorbance capacity, and ferric-reducing antioxidant power; in all applied assays, hispidin exhibited antioxidant capacity similar to or higher than that of the reference antioxidant Trolox. Genotoxic activity of hispidin was assessed using different end points: chromosome aberrations, micronuclei, sister chromatid exchanges, and primary DNA damage (detected by the comet assay) in human lymphocytes in vitro, and gene mutations in the Salmonella/microsome test...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Soo Kyung Sung, Sainkhuu Batbayar, Dong Hee Lee, Ha Won Kim
Production of oxygen-derived free radicals in phagocytes is important in preventing bacterial and fungal infections. Among free radicals, superoxide anions are a typical reactive oxygen species secreted by macrophages and neutrophils. NADPH oxidase (NOX) is a key producer of superoxide anions in these cells. β-glucans from mushrooms modulate the immune system by binding with the dectin-1 receptor on macrophages. Dectin-1 functions as a pattern recognition receptor that recognizes the pathogen-associated molecular pattern of β-glucans...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Tariq Saiff Ullah, Syeda Sadiqa Firdous, Ansar Mehmood, Hamayun Shaheen, Muhammad Ejaz Ul Islam Dar
Mushrooms have had a long association with humankind and have great biological and economic effects. This study aimed to record ethnomycological and nutritional analysis of some edible mushrooms from the Western Himalayas (Neelum Valley), Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Mushrooms from different taxonomical and ecological groups were collected and properly identified with the help of the available literature: Morchella esculenta, M. crassipes, M. elata, M. conica, Pleurotus ostreatus, Lycoperdon gemmatum, Helvella crispa, Tricholoma megnivelare, Gyrometra esculenta, Agaricus campestris, Hydnum imbricatum, and Sparassis crispa...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Yu Luo, Yi Huang, Xiaohong Yuan, Lei Zhang, Xinyi Zhang, Ping Gao
To better understand the medicinal and nutritional value of mushrooms, we studied the fatty acid (FA) compositions and DPPH scavenging abilities of 11 mushrooms from Southwest China. The crude fat (CF) contents were examined initially, then 3 methods of FA methyl esterification were compared to identify which acid treatment was the most appropriate method. Then methyl esterification methods for 12 CFs were performed with acid treatment and the FA compositions were analyzed with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"