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Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079271/effects-of-neuro-immuno-modulation-on-healing-of-wound-combined-with-local-radiation-injury-in-rats
#1
Qiong Ma, Jin-Ling Cai, Xiu-Jie Pan, Li Du, Xiao-Yun Yang, Yong-Xue Liu, Qing-Lin Zhang, Yu-Fang Cui
PURPOSE: To investigate effects of neuro-immuno-modulation on wound healing by observing changes of cytokines and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis hormones in acute stress reaction in rats with wound and combined local radiation injury. METHODS: Sixty female Wistar rats (weighting 200 ± 20 g) were randomly divided into normal control group, wound group and combined wound-local radiation (CWR) group (25 Gy local radiation post wound), 20 rats in each group...
September 23, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988728/vertical-locking-of-the-metacarpophalangeal-joint-of-the-little-finger-a-case-report
#2
Yasuhiro Seki
Locking of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint is commonly caused by hyperextension of the thumb or moderate flexion of the index or middle finger. We report a rare case of vertical locking of the MCP joint of the little finger in a 16-year old female after blunt trauma to the little finger. The MCP joint was locked when positioned at approximately 90-degree-flexion and could not extend actively or passively. A manual reduction was easily achieved and no immobilization was applied. Vertical locking of the MCP joint can be easily reduced, and immobilization is unnecessary after reduction...
September 22, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032911/innervated-full-thickness-grafts-in-distal-finger-amputations
#3
Anouk J M Cornelissen, Martijn A van Onna, Xavier H A Keuter, René Rwj van der Hulst
Innervated full thickness graft will be presented as an option to reconstruct a fingertip defect which might result in better sensibility than standard reconstruction using a full thickness graft without innervation. Also, anastomosing the nerve stumps can decrease the chance of developing neuroma.
September 21, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032912/experiences-of-civilian-nurses-in-triage-during-the-iran-iraq-war-an-oral-history
#4
Mohammadreza Firouzkouhi, Ali Zargham-Boroujeni, Mayumi Kako, Abdolghani Abdollahimohammad
PURPOSE: Nurses played a critical role in performing triage during the Iran-Iraq War. However, their experiences in triage have not been discussed. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate the triage experiences of civilian nurses during the Iran-Iraq War. METHODS: Oral history method and in-depth interviews were used to collect data to gain the nurses' experiences in triage. RESULTS: Four themes were extracted from the data, which were the development of triage, challenging environment to perform triage, development of mobile triage teams, and challenges of triage chemical victims for nurses...
September 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042090/the-natural-history-of-flail-chest-injuries
#5
Kamil Naidoo, Layth Hanbali, Peter Bates
PURPOSE: Flail chest (FC) injuries represent a significant burden on trauma services because of its high morbidity and mortality. Current gold standard conservative management strategies for FC, are now being challenged by renewed interest in surgical rib fixation. This retrospective epidemiological study sets out to evaluate FC patients, and quantify the natural history of this injury by studying the injury patterns, epidemiology and mortality of patients sustaining FC injuries admitted to a major trauma centre (MTC)...
October 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050800/a-ruptured-pulmonary-arteriovenous-fistula-after-laparoscopic-operation
#6
Hong-Wei Shang, Sheng-Bin Sun, Guang-Yao Ma, Xing-Ming Mei, Chao Li, Kang Yang
Pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF) is a rare anomaly in the lung, and hemothorax or massive hemoptysis due to spontaneous rupture of the fistula sac is even rarer. The patient described here was a 47-year-old woman who presented with massive hemoptysis resulting from the rupture of her PAVF just after laparoscopic operation. To our knowledge, this may be the first case ever reported that the rupture of PAVF may be correlated with a laparoscopic operation. The patient survived without adverse events after emergency pulmonary lobectomy...
August 22, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712679/the-molecular-biology-in-wound-healing-non-healing-wound
#7
REVIEW
Chun Qing
The development of molecular biology and other new biotechnologies helps us to recognize the wound healing and non-healing wound of skin in the past 30 years. This review mainly focuses on the molecular biology of many cytokines (including growth factors) and other molecular factors such as extracellular matrix (ECM) on wound healing. The molecular biology in cell movement such as epidermal cells in wound healing was also discussed. Moreover many common chronic wounds such as pressure ulcers, leg ulcers, diabetic foot wounds, venous stasis ulcers, etc...
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711272/the-infection-of-mycoplasma-hominis-after-total-knee-replacement-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Hong-Jiu Qiu, Wei-Ping Lu, Min Li, Zi-Ming Wang, Quan-Yin Du, Ai-Min Wang, Yan Xiong
The Mycoplasma hominis infection is a rare postoperative complication after joint replacement. Based on our knowledge, there were only two cases reported by Korea all over the world currently. A case of postoperative Mycoplasma hominis infection after total knee replacement in our hospital was reported in this article. It was confirmed through mass spectrometer and Mycoplasma cultivation and treated by the first stage debridement, polyethylene insert replacement, and then drainage and irrigation combined with sensitive antibiotics after the operation...
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709737/ilioinguinal-approach-versus-stoppa-approach-for-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-displaced-acetabular-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Xiao-Jian Wang, Lu Li, Zhi-Hua Zhang, Yun-Xing Su, Xiu-Sheng Guo, Xiao-Chun Wei, Lei Wei
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of open reduction and internal fixation through ilioinguinal approach and Stoppa approach for the treatment of displaced acetabular fractures. METHODS: Case-controlled trials (CCTs) published from January 2010 to August 2015 that compared the ilioinguinal approach and Stoppa approach in the management of displaced acetabular fractures were retrieved from the databases of Cochrane Library, Pubmed, CNKI, and so on. Methodological quality of the trials was critically assessed...
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705334/new-normal-from-basic-to-clinical-medicine
#10
EDITORIAL
Zheng-Guo Wang, Liang Zhang, Wen-Jun Zhao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697859/emergency-preparedness-for-mass-gatherings-lessons-of-12-31-stampede-in%C3%A2-shanghai-bund
#11
Yong-He Dong, Fei Liu, Yong-Mei Liu, Xia-Rong Jiang, Zhong-Xin Zhao
According to WHO, one of these mass gatherings with critical risk is stampedes. Shanghai "12.31" stampede was a preventable tragedy that the government and event planner hold responsibility for. At the same time, it can be a legacy for improvement in the future. The government should draw experience on the implementation of an emergency preparedness system, in order to improve the rapid emergency response during mass gatherings in the future.
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689800/investigation-and-analysis-of-the-characteristics-and-drug-sensitivity-of-bacteria-in-skin-ulcer-infections
#12
Hang Yang, Wen-Sheng Wang, Yang Tan, Dao-Jun Zhang, Jin-Jin Wu, Xia Lei
PURPOSE: Skin ulcer is a common type of disease affecting patients' health and quality of life, and bacterial infection increases the difficulty of its management. METHODS: The present study collected the results of bacterial culture sampled from the surface of 110 cases of skin ulcers at our hospital from January 2011 to December 2012. We analyzed the constituent ratios of ulcer surface bacteria, the change in the main infectious bacteria and the results of drug-sensitivity testing for common bacteria...
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688799/trephination-mini-craniectomy-for-traumatic-posterior-fossa-epidural-hematomas-in-selected-pediatric-patients
#13
Han-Song Sheng, Chao-Guo You, Liang Yang, Nu Zhang, Jian Lin, Fen-Chun Lin, Mao-De Wang
PURPOSE: Posterior fossa epidural hematomas (PFEDH) are uncommon in children but usually require timely surgical intervention due to the risk of life-threatening brainstem compression. We attempt to make the surgical procedure less invasive by treating selected pediatric patients with trephination mini-craniectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical courses, radiological findings, surgical procedures, and prognoses of the pediatric patients who were treated in our departments for traumatic PFEDH from January 2010 to January 2015...
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688798/place-of-the-reposition-flap-in-the-treatment-of-distal-amputations-of-the-fingers
#14
Mohamed Ali Sbai, Mayssa El M'chirgui, Riadh Maalla, Adel Khorbi
PURPOSE: Distal finger amputations pose a therapeutic problem with the distal fragment quality. Reimplantation remains the reference treatment for functional and aesthetic recovery of the hand. The interest of this study is to propose the reposition flap as an alternative to different hedging techniques in the proximal stump, in many situations where revascularization is impossible. It consists in osteosynthesis of the bone fragment and its coverage by a pedicled local flap. METHODS: The technique of reposition flap was evaluated retrospectively between 2003 and 2016 through a study of 13 patients compiled in Nabeul orthopedic department...
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687342/comparison-of-ultrasonography-and-radiography-in-diagnosis-of-rib-fractures
#15
Elham Pishbin, Koorosh Ahmadi, Molood Foogardi, Maryam Salehi, Farrokh Seilanian Toosi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
PURPOSE: Rib fractures are the most common skeletal thoracic injuries resulting from blunt chest trauma. Half of the rib fractures are not detected upon a precise physical evaluation and radiographs. Recently ultrasonography (USG) has been investigated to detect rib fractures. But based on literature the usefulness of USG varies widely. This study was conducted to investigate the role of USG in the detection of possible rib fractures in comparison with radiography. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, consecutive patients with minor blunt chest trauma and suspected rib fractures presenting in Imam Reza Hospital located in Mashhad-Iran, between April 2013 and October 2013 were assessed by USG and radiography...
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684037/neglected-bilateral-radial-head-fracture-with-a-rare-presentation-a-case-report
#16
Jeetesh Gawande, Siddharth Jain, John A Santoshi
Isolated radial head fractures are rare and comprise about 2% of all fractures around the elbow. Bilateral radial head fractures are even rarer and few cases have been reported. We present a case of bilateral elbow effusion in a 28-year-old male patient. An initial diagnosis of inflammatory arthritis was made but on investigation it turned out to be a case of bilateral radial head fracture. The patient was managed conservatively with 10 days of immobilisation in above elbow slab followed by active elbow range of movement exercises...
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684036/tnf-%C3%AE-release-capacity-is-suppressed-immediately-after-hemorrhage-and-resuscitation
#17
Arian Bahrami, Mohammad Jafarmadar, Heinz Redl, Soheyl Bahrami, Jian-Xin Jiang
PURPOSE: It has been suggested that patients with traumatic insults are resuscitated into a state of an early systemic inflammatory response. We aimed to evaluate the influence of hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HSR) upon the inflammatory response capacity assessed by overall TNF-α secretion capacity of the host compared to its release from circulating leukocytes in peripheral circulation. METHODS: Rats (8/group) subjected to HS (MAP of 30-35 mmHg for 90 min followed by resuscitation over 50 min) were challenged with Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), 1 μg/kg intravenously at the end of resuscitation (HSR-LPS group) or 24 h later (HSR-LPS24 group)...
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679476/outcome-of-bone-marrow-instillation-at-fracture-site-in-intracapsular-fracture-of-femoral-neck-treated-by-head-preserving-surgery
#18
Nikhil Verma, M P Singh, Rehan Ul-Haq, Rajesh K Rajnish, Rahul Anshuman
PURPOSE: The aim of present study is to evaluate the outcome of bone marrow instillation at the fracture site in fracture of intracapsular neck femur treated by head preserving surgery. METHODS: This study included 32 patients of age group 18-50 years with closed fracture of intracapsular neck femur. Patients were randomized into two groups as per the plan generated via www.randomization.com. The two groups were Group A (control), in which the fracture of intracapsular neck femur was treated by closed reduction and cannulated cancellous screw fixation, and Group B (intervention), in which additional percutaneous autologous bone marrow aspirate instillation at fracture site was done along with cannulated cancellous screw fixation...
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528247/china-medical-team-medical-rescue-for-4-25-nepal-earthquake
#19
REVIEW
Xi Lin, Ke-Jia Liu, Yong-Gui Zhang, Yang Dan, Dian-Guo Xing, Li Chen, Ding-Yuan Du
In recent years, global natural disasters have been frequent and resulted in great casualties and property loss. Since Wenchuan earthquake, the disaster emergency rescue system of China has obtained considerable development in various aspects including team construction, task scheduling, personnel training, facilities and equipments, logistics, etc. On April 25, 2015, an earthquake that measured 8.1 on the Richter scale attacked Nepal. Chinese government firstly organized a medical team, named China Medical Team, and sent it to the attacked region in Nepal to implement medical rescue...
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526612/histomorphological-observation-of-surgical-debridement-combined-with-negative-pressure-therapy-in-treatment-of-diabetic-foot
#20
Jiao-Yun Dong, Fei Song, Chun Qing, Shu-Liang Lu
PURPOSE: To further study the mechanism of epithelization on the fascia side of the flap after surgical incision and the treatment of the negative pressure therapy. METHODS: With the patients' informed consent, parts of tissue samples were obtained from a 51-year-old diabetic patient who was suffering lower extremity ulcers. The samples were processed with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and Masson trichrome staining. The keratin 19, keratin 15 and carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) were immunohistochemically detected...
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
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