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Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705334/new-normal-from-basic-to-clinical-medicine
#1
EDITORIAL
Zheng-Guo Wang, Liang Zhang, Wen-Jun Zhao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712679/the-molecular-biology-in-wound-healing-non-healing-wound
#2
REVIEW
Chun Qing
The development of molecular biology and other new biotechnologies helps us to recognize the wound healing and non-healing wound of skin in the past 30 years. This review mainly focuses on the molecular biology of many cytokines (including growth factors) and other molecular factors such as extracellular matrix (ECM) on wound healing. The molecular biology in cell movement such as epidermal cells in wound healing was also discussed. Moreover many common chronic wounds such as pressure ulcers, leg ulcers, diabetic foot wounds, venous stasis ulcers, etc...
June 30, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711272/the-infection-of-mycoplasma-hominis-after-total-knee-replacement-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Hong-Jiu Qiu, Wei-Ping Lu, Min Li, Zi-Ming Wang, Quan-Yin Du, Ai-Min Wang, Yan Xiong
The Mycoplasma hominis infection is a rare postoperative complication after joint replacement. Based on our knowledge, there were only two cases reported by Korea all over the world currently. A case of postoperative Mycoplasma hominis infection after total knee replacement in our hospital was reported in this article. It was confirmed through mass spectrometer and Mycoplasma cultivation and treated by the first stage debridement, polyethylene insert replacement, and then drainage and irrigation combined with sensitive antibiotics after the operation...
June 22, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688799/trephination-mini-craniectomy-for-traumatic-posterior-fossa-epidural-hematomas-in-selected-pediatric-patients
#4
Han-Song Sheng, Chao-Guo You, Liang Yang, Nu Zhang, Jian Lin, Fen-Chun Lin, Mao-De Wang
PURPOSE: Posterior fossa epidural hematomas (PFEDH) are uncommon in children but usually require timely surgical intervention due to the risk of life-threatening brainstem compression. We attempt to make the surgical procedure less invasive by treating selected pediatric patients with trephination mini-craniectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical courses, radiological findings, surgical procedures, and prognoses of the pediatric patients who were treated in our departments for traumatic PFEDH from January 2010 to January 2015...
June 22, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709737/ilioinguinal-approach-versus-stoppa-approach-for-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-displaced-acetabular-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Xiao-Jian Wang, Lu-Li, Zhi-Hua Zhang, Yun-Xing Su, Xiu-Sheng Guo, Xiao-Chun Wei, Lei Wei
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of open reduction and internal fixation through ilioinguinal approach and Stoppa approach for the treatment of displaced acetabular fractures. METHODS: Case-controlled trials (CCTs) published from January 2010 to August 2015 that compared the ilioinguinal approach and Stoppa approach in the management of displaced acetabular fractures were retrieved from the databases of Cochrane Library, Pubmed, CNKI, and so on. Methodological quality of the trials was critically assessed...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688798/place-of-the-reposition-flap-in-the-treatment-of-distal-amputations-of-the-fingers
#6
Mohamed Ali Sbai, Mayssa El M'chirgui, Riadh Maalla, Adel Khorbi
PURPOSE: Distal finger amputations pose a therapeutic problem with the distal fragment quality. Reimplantation remains the reference treatment for functional and aesthetic recovery of the hand. The interest of this study is to propose the reposition flap as an alternative to different hedging techniques in the proximal stump, in many situations where revascularization is impossible. It consists in osteosynthesis of the bone fragment and its coverage by a pedicled local flap. METHODS: The technique of reposition flap was evaluated retrospectively between 2003 and 2016 through a study of 13 patients compiled in Nabeul orthopedic department...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688797/burden-of-traffic-accidents-among-pedestrians-of-fars-province-southern-iran-estimate-of-years-of-life-lost-in-a-sample-of-iranian-population-from-2009-to-2013
#7
Yaser Sarikhani, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Saeed Gholamzadeh, Maryam Mazloom, Payam Peymani, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Reza Tabrizi, Maryam Akbari
PURPOSE: Traffic injuries are among the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Pedestrians have been considered as a high-risk group among road users, especially in middle- or low-income communities. This study attempted to determine the burden of pedestrians' fatalities in Fars, the southern province of Iran using years of life lost (YLL) approach. METHODS: The data used in this study were retrieved from Fars Forensic Medicine Organization database on pedestrian traffic accidents...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684038/education-in-trauma-an-educational-alternative-that-promotes-injury-prevention
#8
Jose Daniel Charry, Juan Daniel Ochoa, Jorman Harvey Tejada, Sandra Liliana Navarro-Parra, Nicolas Esquivel, Yolercy Vasques
PURPOSE: As trauma is a public health problem, different programs have been designed to prevent injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational model that measures the adolescents' attitudes towards the rules of road safety, alcohol and road accidents in Colombia. METHODS: A pedagogical model evaluating the effect of road safety education and adolescents' attitudes towards and experiences of alcohol and road accidents in Colombia was created...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679476/outcome-of-bone-marrow-instillation-at-fracture-site-in-intracapsular-fracture-of-femoral-neck-treated-by-head-preserving-surgery
#9
Nikhil Verma, M P Singh, Rehan Ul-Haq, Rajesh K Rajnish, Rahul Anshuman
PURPOSE: The aim of present study is to evaluate the outcome of bone marrow instillation at the fracture site in fracture of intracapsular neck femur treated by head preserving surgery. METHODS: This study included 32 patients of age group 18-50 years with closed fracture of intracapsular neck femur. Patients were randomized into two groups as per the plan generated via www.randomization.com. The two groups were Group A (control), in which the fracture of intracapsular neck femur was treated by closed reduction and cannulated cancellous screw fixation, and Group B (intervention), in which additional percutaneous autologous bone marrow aspirate instillation at fracture site was done along with cannulated cancellous screw fixation...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684036/tnf-%C3%AE-release-capacity-is-suppressed-immediately-after-hemorrhage-and-resuscitation
#10
Arian Bahrami, Mohammad Jafarmadar, Heinz Redl, Soheyl Bahrami, Jian-Xin Jiang
PURPOSE: It has been suggested that patients with traumatic insults are resuscitated into a state of an early systemic inflammatory response. We aimed to evaluate the influence of hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HSR) upon the inflammatory response capacity assessed by overall TNF-α secretion capacity of the host compared to its release from circulating leukocytes in peripheral circulation. METHODS: Rats (8/group) subjected to HS (MAP of 30-35 mmHg for 90 min followed by resuscitation over 50 min) were challenged with Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), 1 μg/kg intravenously at the end of resuscitation (HSR-LPS group) or 24 h later (HSR-LPS24 group)...
May 30, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689801/a-systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-various-interventions-on-reducing-fatigue-and-sleepiness-while-driving
#11
Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Ali Moradi, Khaled Rahmani
PURPOSE: To identify and appraise the published studies assessing interventions accounting for reducing fatigue and sleepiness while driving. METHODS: This systematic review searched the following electronic databases: Medline, Science direct, Scopus, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Transport Database, Cochrane, BIOSIS, ISI Web of Knowledge, specialist road injuries journals and the Australian Transport and Road Index database. Additional searches included websites of relevant organizations, reference lists of included studies, and issues of major injury journals published within the past 15 years...
May 29, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684037/neglected-bilateral-radial-head-fracture-with-a-rare-presentation-a-case-report
#12
Jeetesh Gawande, Siddharth Jain, John A Santoshi
Isolated radial head fractures are rare and comprise about 2% of all fractures around the elbow. Bilateral radial head fractures are even rarer and few cases have been reported. We present a case of bilateral elbow effusion in a 28-year-old male patient. An initial diagnosis of inflammatory arthritis was made but on investigation it turned out to be a case of bilateral radial head fracture. The patient was managed conservatively with 10 days of immobilisation in above elbow slab followed by active elbow range of movement exercises...
May 29, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687342/comparison-of-ultrasonography-and-radiography-in-diagnosis-of-rib-fractures
#13
Elham Pishbin, Koorosh Ahmadi, Molood Foogardi, Maryam Salehi, Farrokh Seilanian Toosi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
PURPOSE: Rib fractures are the most common skeletal thoracic injuries resulting from blunt chest trauma. Half of the rib fractures are not detected upon a precise physical evaluation and radiographs. Recently ultrasonography (USG) has been investigated to detect rib fractures. But based on literature the usefulness of USG varies widely. This study was conducted to investigate the role of USG in the detection of possible rib fractures in comparison with radiography. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, consecutive patients with minor blunt chest trauma and suspected rib fractures presenting in Imam Reza Hospital located in Mashhad-Iran, between April 2013 and October 2013 were assessed by USG and radiography...
May 26, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697859/emergency-preparedness-for-mass-gatherings-lessons-of-12-31-stampede-in%C3%A2-shanghai-bund
#14
Yong-He Dong, Fei Liu, Yong-Mei Liu, Xia-Rong Jiang, Zhong-Xin Zhao
According to WHO, one of these mass gatherings with critical risk is stampedes. Shanghai "12.31" stampede was a preventable tragedy that the government and event planner hold responsibility for. At the same time, it can be a legacy for improvement in the future. The government should draw experience on the implementation of an emergency preparedness system, in order to improve the rapid emergency response during mass gatherings in the future.
May 25, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689800/investigation-and-analysis-of-the-characteristics-and-drug-sensitivity-of-bacteria-in-skin-ulcer-infections
#15
Hang Yang, Wen-Sheng Wang, Yang Tan, Dao-Jun Zhang, Jin-Jin Wu, Xia Lei
PURPOSE: Skin ulcer is a common type of disease affecting patients' health and quality of life, and bacterial infection increases the difficulty of its management. METHODS: The present study collected the results of bacterial culture sampled from the surface of 110 cases of skin ulcers at our hospital from January 2011 to December 2012. We analyzed the constituent ratios of ulcer surface bacteria, the change in the main infectious bacteria and the results of drug-sensitivity testing for common bacteria...
May 24, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552331/effects-of-neurofeedback-on-the-short-term-memory-and-continuous-attention-of-patients-with-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Reza Rostami, Payman Salamati, Kourosh Karimi Yarandi, Alireza Khoshnevisan, Soheil Saadat, Zeynab Sadat Kamali, Somaie Ghiasi, Atefeh Zaryabi, Seyed Shahab Ghazi Mir Saeid, Mehdi Arjipour, Mohammad Saeid Rezaee-Zavareh, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
PURPOSE: There are some studies which showed neurofeedback therapy (NFT) can be effective in clients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) history. However, randomized controlled clinical trials are still needed for evaluation of this treatment as a standard option. This preliminary study was aimed to evaluate the effect of NFT on continuous attention (CA) and short-term memory (STM) of clients with moderate TBI using a randomized controlled clinical trial (RCT). METHODS: In this preliminary RCT, seventeen eligible patients with moderate TBI were randomly allocated in two intervention and control groups...
May 18, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554592/progresses-in-understanding-trauma-induced-coagulopathy-and-the-underlying-mechanism
#17
REVIEW
Na Peng, Lei Su
Trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) is a clinical syndrome caused by imbalance between clotting, anti-coagulation and fibrinolysis resulting from multiple pathological factors such as hemorrhage and tissue injury in the early stage of trauma, and is closely related to the outcome of trauma patients. It is proved in growing evidence that the endogenous coagulation disturbance in trauma itself is the activating factor of TIC, rather than dilution or other acquired coagulopathy. Therefore, a thorough understanding of the molecular mechanisms in the pathogenesis and progression is crucial for effective prevention and treatment in patients with TIC...
June 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554591/outcome-of-judet-s-quadricepsplasty-for-knee-contractures-and-the-effect-of-local-infiltration-of-epinephrine-on-reducing-blood-loss
#18
Akbar Jaleel Zubairi, Haroon Rashid, Rizwan Haroon Rashid, Moiz Ali, Pervaiz Mehmood Hashmi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of Judet's quadricepsplasty for treatment of knee contractures and to identify the effect of local infiltration of epinephrine on blood loss associated with this procedure. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in which all cases of knee contractures managed with Judet's quadricepsplasty from 1st January 2009 to 31st December 2013 were included and were divided into two groups. The epinephrine group included patients who were infiltrated with diluted epinephrine (1:400,000) along with xylocaine, around the operative field 15 min prior to the incision time, while the control group did not receive any infiltration...
June 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552330/a-review-in-emergency-central-venous-catheterization
#19
REVIEW
Osaree Akaraborworn
Central venous catheterization is widely used in the emergency setting. This review aims to assess central venous catheterization from the perspectives of types of catheters, sites of insertion, and techniques. In emergency conditions, non-tunneled catheters are preferred because the technique for its insertion is not complicated and less time-consuming. The size of catheter depends on the purpose of catheterization. For example, a large bore catheter is needed for rapid infusion. The ideal catheterization site should bear fewer thromboses, lower infectious rate, and fewer mechanical complications...
June 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552329/updated-concepts-on-the-pathophysiology-and-the-clinical-management-of-trauma-hemorrhage-and-coagulopathy
#20
REVIEW
Marc Maegele, Zheng-Tao Gu, Qiao-Bing Huang, Hong Yang
Uncontrolled hemorrhage and subsequent trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) are still the principle causes for preventable death after trauma and early detection and aggressive management have been associated with reduced mortality. Despite increasing knowledge about trauma resuscitation, best practice to treat this newly defined entity is still under debate. A synopsis of best current knowledge with reference to the updated European trauma guideline on the management of severe trauma hemorrhage and TIC is presented...
June 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
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