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Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552331/effects-of-neurofeedback-on-the-short-term-memory-and-continuous-attention-of-patients-with-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Reza Rostami, Payman Salamati, Kourosh Karimi Yarandi, Alireza Khoshnevisan, Soheil Saadat, Zeynab Sadat Kamali, Somaie Ghiasi, Atefeh Zaryabi, Seyed Shahab Ghazi Mir Saeid, Mehdi Arjipour, Mohammad Saeid Rezaee-Zavareh, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
PURPOSE: There are some studies which showed neurofeedback therapy (NFT) can be effective in clients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) history. However, randomized controlled clinical trials are still needed for evaluation of this treatment as a standard option. This preliminary study was aimed to evaluate the effect of NFT on continuous attention (CA) and short-term memory (STM) of clients with moderate TBI using a randomized controlled clinical trial (RCT). METHODS: In this preliminary RCT, seventeen eligible patients with moderate TBI were randomly allocated in two intervention and control groups...
May 18, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552330/a-review-in-emergency-central-venous-catheterization
#2
REVIEW
Osaree Akaraborworn
Central venous catheterization is widely used in the emergency setting. This review aims to assess central venous catheterization from the perspectives of types of catheters, sites of insertion, and techniques. In emergency conditions, non-tunneled catheters are preferred because the technique for its insertion is not complicated and less time-consuming. The size of catheter depends on the purpose of catheterization. For example, a large bore catheter is needed for rapid infusion. The ideal catheterization site should bear fewer thromboses, lower infectious rate, and fewer mechanical complications...
May 17, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552329/updated-concepts-on-the-pathophysiology-and-the-clinical-management-of-trauma-hemorrhage-and-coagulopathy
#3
REVIEW
Marc Maegele, Zheng-Tao Gu, Qiao-Bing Huang, Hong Yang
Uncontrolled hemorrhage and subsequent trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) are still the principle causes for preventable death after trauma and early detection and aggressive management have been associated with reduced mortality. Despite increasing knowledge about trauma resuscitation, best practice to treat this newly defined entity is still under debate. A synopsis of best current knowledge with reference to the updated European trauma guideline on the management of severe trauma hemorrhage and TIC is presented...
May 17, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554592/progresses-in-understanding-trauma-induced-coagulopathy-and-the-underlying-mechanism
#4
REVIEW
Na Peng, Lei Su
Trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) is a clinical syndrome caused by imbalance between clotting, anti-coagulation and fibrinolysis resulting from multiple pathological factors such as hemorrhage and tissue injury in the early stage of trauma, and is closely related to the outcome of trauma patients. It is proved in growing evidence that the endogenous coagulation disturbance in trauma itself is the activating factor of TIC, rather than dilution or other acquired coagulopathy. Therefore, a thorough understanding of the molecular mechanisms in the pathogenesis and progression is crucial for effective prevention and treatment in patients with TIC...
May 10, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554591/outcome-of-judet-s-quadricepsplasty-for-knee-contractures-and-the-effect-of-local-infiltration-of-epinephrine-on-reducing-blood-loss
#5
Akbar Jaleel Zubairi, Haroon Rashid, Rizwan Haroon Rashid, Moiz Ali, Pervaiz Mehmood Hashmi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of Judet's quadricepsplasty for treatment of knee contractures and to identify the effect of local infiltration of epinephrine on blood loss associated with this procedure. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in which all cases of knee contractures managed with Judet's quadricepsplasty from 1st January 2009 to 31st December 2013 were included and were divided into two groups. The epinephrine group included patients who were infiltrated with diluted epinephrine (1:400,000) along with xylocaine, around the operative field 15 min prior to the incision time, while the control group did not receive any infiltration...
May 10, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550971/case-report-a-10-years-follow-up-of-periprosthetic-femoral-fracture-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-osteopetrosis
#6
Zhan-Feng Zhang, Dan Wang, Li-Dong Wu, Xue-Song Dai
Osteopetrosis is an inherited disorder characterized by increased bone density and brittle bone quality. Degenerative changes often occur after the age of 40 in patients with osteopetrosis. Operative intervention is the primary treatment option if the clinical manifestation of secondary osteoarthritis is severe. A 44-year-old male suffering autosomal dominant osteopetrosis and progressive unilateral hip osteoarthritis required a total hip arthroplasty. However, there were several technical challenges associated with this procedure including creating a femoral medullary canal and developing a Vancouver type B2 periprosthetic femoral fracture postoperatively...
May 10, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550970/thoracotomy-in-the-emergency-department-for-resuscitation-of-the-mortally-injured
#7
J Christopher DiGiacomo, L D George Angus
PURPOSE: Emergency department resuscitative thoracotomy is an intervention of last resort for the acutely dying victim of trauma. In light of improvements in pre-hospital emergency systems, improved operative strategies for survival such as damage control and improvements in critical care medicine, the most extreme of resuscitation efforts should be re-evaluated for the potential survivor, with success properly defined as the return of vital signs which allow transport of the patient to the operating room...
May 10, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528247/china-medical-team-medical-rescue-for-4-25-nepal-earthquake
#8
REVIEW
Xi Lin, Ke-Jia Liu, Yong-Gui Zhang, Yang Dan, Dian-Guo Xing, Li Chen, Ding-Yuan Du
In recent years, global natural disasters have been frequent and resulted in great casualties and property loss. Since Wenchuan earthquake, the disaster emergency rescue system of China has obtained considerable development in various aspects including team construction, task scheduling, personnel training, facilities and equipments, logistics, etc. On April 25, 2015, an earthquake that measured 8.1 on the Richter scale attacked Nepal. Chinese government firstly organized a medical team, named China Medical Team, and sent it to the attacked region in Nepal to implement medical rescue...
April 26, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526612/histomorphological-observation-of-surgical-debridement-combined-with-negative-pressure-therapy-in-treatment-of-diabetic-foot
#9
Jiao-Yun Dong, Fei Song, Chun Qing, Shu-Liang Lu
PURPOSE: To further study the mechanism of epithelization on the fascia side of the flap after surgical incision and the treatment of the negative pressure therapy. METHODS: With the patients' informed consent, parts of tissue samples were obtained from a 51-year-old diabetic patient who was suffering lower extremity ulcers. The samples were processed with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and Masson trichrome staining. The keratin 19, keratin 15 and carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) were immunohistochemically detected...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511800/epidemiologic-pattern-of-paediatric-supracondylar-fractures-of-humerus-in%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-teaching-hospital-of-rural-india-a-prospective-study-of-263-cases
#10
Rashid Anjum, Vivek Sharma, Ramesh Jindal, Tarun Pratap Singh, Narender Rathee
PURPOSE: This prospective study aimed to investigate the epidemiologic parameters of supracondylar humeral fractures in children admitted to a teaching institution of a developing country primarily catering to rural population, to find any preventable cause of such injuries. METHODS: All suspected cases of supracondylar humeral fracture reporting to emergency or outpatients department were analysed for various epidemiologic parameters including age, sex, laterality, time of presentation, associated injuries, neurovascular complications and classification over a period of four years...
April 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506530/ipsilateral-proximal-and-shaft-femoral-fractures
#11
Eric Lawson, Soumaila Madougou, Pascal Chigblo, Gildas Quenum, Abdourahmane Ouangré, Fiacre Tidjani, Oswald Goukodadja, Aristote Hans-Moevi Akué
PURPOSE: To study the management and evaluate anatomical and functional outcomes of patients with ipsilateral proximal and shaft femoral fractures. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive and analytic study lasted for ten years and a half ranging from January 1, 2005 to June 30, 2015. The following parameters were studied: epidemiology, fracture characteristics, therapeutic, anatomical and functional outcomes. The correlation between different parameters was analyzed with Fischer test...
April 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529014/comparative-prospective-study-between-medial-and-lateral-distal-tibial-locking-compression-plates-for-distal-third-tibial-fractures
#12
Sandeep Garg, Vikram Khanna, Mahaveer Prashad Goyal, Narendra Joshi, Amrut Borade, Ishan Ghuse
PURPOSE: Tibial fracture is the most common long bone fracture. Distal third tibial fractures are challenging though open reduction and plating can result in anatomical reduction and rigid fixation. This paper aimed to evaluate and compare the results of medial and lateral locking compression plates for distal third tibial fractures. METHODS: This prospective clinical study involved 36 patients with distal tibial fractures admitted in Department of Orthopaedics, Sawai Mansingh Medical College & Affiliated Hospital, Jaipur, India, from June 2011 to May 2012, including 29 closed fractures and 7 open fractures at the mean age of 38...
April 14, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502605/transphyseal-separation-of-the-distal-humerus-in-newborns
#13
Cosimo Gigante, Sunil Gurpur Kini, Carlo Origo, Andrea Volpin
Obstetric traumatic separation of the distal humeral epiphysis is a very uncommon injury, which presents a diagnostic challenge. These case serials reviewed the functional outcomes of 5 patients who had sustained a fracture-separation of the distal humeral epiphysis at birth. The diagnosis was made at a mean time of 40.8 h after delivery. All the patients were treated with gentle close manipulation, reduction under fluoroscopy and above-elbow cast application. After discharge, the patients were followed up for a mean of 30 months...
April 14, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502603/alcohol-consumption-for-simulated-driving-performance-a-systematic-review
#14
Mohammad Saeid Rezaee-Zavareh, Payman Salamati, Mahdi Ramezani-Binabaj, Mina Saeidnejad, Mansoureh Rousta, Farhad Shokraneh, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
PURPOSE: Alcohol consumption can lead to risky driving and increase the frequency of traffic accidents, injuries and mortalities. The main purpose of our study was to compare simulated driving performance between two groups of drivers, one consumed alcohol and the other not consumed, using a systematic review. METHODS: In this systematic review, electronic resources and databases including Medline via Ovid SP, EMBASE via Ovid SP, PsycINFO via Ovid SP, PubMed, Scopus, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINHAL) via EBSCOhost were comprehensively and systematically searched...
April 14, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365091/return-to-work-after-trauma-a-survival-analysis
#15
Masoumeh Abedzadeh-Kalahroudi, Ebrahim Razi, Mojtaba Sehat, Mohsen Asadi-Lari
PURPOSE: To evaluate the return to work (RTW) rate, time and predictors among trauma patients using survival analysis. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted with a three-month follow-up on 300 trauma patients hospitalized in Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Kashan, Iran in 2014. The data were collected through conducting interviews and referring to patients' medical records during their hospital stay and follow-up information at one & three months after discharge from hospital...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363517/assessment-of-mechanism-type-and-severity-of-injury-in-multiple-trauma-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-trauma-center-in-iran
#16
Hamidreza Reihani, Hossein Pirazghandi, Ehsan Bolvardi, Mohsen Ebrahimi, Elham Pishbin, Koorosh Ahmadi, Mahdi Safdarian, Soheil Saadat, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
PURPOSE: To accurately assess the mechanism, type and severity of injury in Iranian multiple trauma patients of a trauma center. METHODS: Patients with multiple traumas referring to the emergency department of Hasheminejad University Hospital in Mashhad, Iran, entered this cross sectional study from March 2013 to December 2013. All the patients with injury severity score (ISS) > 9 were included in this study. Data analysis was performed by SPSS software (Version 11...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359592/clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-limited-internal-fixation-combined-with-external-fixation-for-pilon-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Shao-Bo Zhang, Yi-Bao Zhang, Sheng-Hong Wang, Hua Zhang, Peng Liu, Wei Zhang, Jing-Lin Ma, Jing Wang
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical efficacy and complications of limited internal fixation combined with external fixation (LIFEF) and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in the treatment of Pilon fracture. METHODS: We searched databases including Pubmed, Embase, Web of science, Cochrane Library and China Biology Medicine disc for the studies comparing clinical efficacy and complications of LIFEF and ORIF in the treatment of Pilon fracture. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by the rate of nonunion, malunion/delayed union and the excellent/good rate assessed by Mazur ankle score...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359591/single-stage-management-of-gustilo-type-iii-a-b-tibia-fractures-fixed-with-nail-covered-with-fasciocutaneous-flap
#18
G I Nambi, Abhijeet Ashok Salunke, S G Thirumalaisamy, V Lenin Babu, K Baskaran, T Janarthanan, K Boopathi, Yong Sheng Chen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of immediate and definitive management of Gustilo type III A/B tibia fractures with intramedullary nailing and fasciocutaneous flap. METHODS: From August 2010 to July 2012, 22 patients with Gustilo Grade III A/B tibia fractures were managed with a single stage treatment of ipsilateral fasciocutaneous flap & reamed intramedullary nailing and were included in the study. The severity of the injury was calculated with Ganga Hospital injury severity score...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356208/paraclinical-findings-in-iranian-veterans-exposed-to-sulfur-mustard-gas-a-literature-review
#19
Seyed Mansour Razavi, Masoud Saghafinia, Payman Salamati
OBJECTIVE: Sulfur mustard (SM) causes various systemic disturbances in human beings. This study aimed to assess paraclinical changes caused by exposure to SM gas in Iranian veterans during the war between Iraq and Iran. METHODS: A literature review was carried out in international and national medical databases including ISI, Medline, Scopus, Iranmedex and Irandoc. Both Farsi and English literature were searched. RESULTS: Search of the literature yielded 422 medical articles related to SM poisoning...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336421/percutaneous-planter-fasciitis-release-under-local-anesthesia-a-prospective-study
#20
Ramji Lal Sahu
PURPOSE: Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of pain on the bottom of the heel. It occurs when the strong band of the tissue supporting the arch of foot becomes irritated and inflamed. The majority of patients can be treated conservatively but some resistant cases need surgery eventually. This study aims to evaluate the outcome results of percutaneous planter fascia release under local anesthesia for chronic planter fasciitis. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery in the School of Medical Science and Research, Sharda University, India from December 2010 to December 2013...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
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