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Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017545/long-term-quality-of-life-after-sepsis-and-predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-survivors-with-sepsis
#1
Ya-Xiao Su, Lei Xu, Xin-Jing Gao, Zhi-Yong Wang, Xing Lu, Cheng-Fen Yin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the quality of life among survivors after sepsis in 2 years, comparing with critical patients without sepsis and the general people, analyze the changes and the predictors of quality of life among septic survivors. METHODS: This prospective case-control study screened the intensive care unit (ICU) patients in Tianjin Third Central Hospital from January 2014 to October 2017, and the Chinese general population in the previous studies was also included...
August 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017544/the-subsequent-biological-effects-of-simulated-microgravity-on-endothelial-cell-growth-in-huvecs
#2
Dan Xu, Yu-Bing Guo, Min Zhang, Ye-Qing Sun
PURPOSE: Microgravity is known to cause endothelium dysfunction in astronauts returning from spaceflight. We aimed to reveal the regulatory mechanism in alterations of human endothelial cells after simulated microgravity (SMG). METHODS: We utilized the rotary cell culture system (RCCS-1) to explore the subsequent effects of SMG on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). RESULTS: SMG-treated HUVECs appeared obvious growth inhibition after return to normal gravity, which might be attributed to a set of responses including alteration of cytoskeleton, decreased cell adhesion capacity and increased apoptosis...
August 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017543/effects-of-estrogen-receptor-gpr30-agonist-g1-on-neuronal-apoptosis-and-microglia-polarization-in-traumatic-brain-injury-rats
#3
Meng-Xian Pan, Jun-Chun Tang, Rui Liu, Yu-Gong Feng, Qi Wan
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of estrogen G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) agonist G1 on hippocampal neuronal apoptosis and microglial polarization in rat traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into sham group, TBI + vehicle group, TBI + G1 group. Experimental moderate TBI was induced using Feeney's weigh-drop method. G1 (100μg/kg) or vehicle was intravenously injected from femoral vein at 30 min post-injury. Rats were sacrificed at 24 h after injury for detection of neuronal apoptosis and microglia polarization...
August 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017542/early-and-mid-term-results-of-transarticular-external-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-supination-external-rotation-type-iv-equivalent-ankle-fractures
#4
Bo-Hua Li, Shan-Xi Wang, Jun Li, Fu-Guo Huang, Zhou Xiang, Yue Fang, Gang Zhong, Min Yi, Xiao-Dan Zhao, Lei Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the early and mid-term results of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with transarticular external fixation (TEF) but no deltoid ligament repair (DLR) in the treatment of supination-external rotation type IV equivalent (SER IV E) ankle fractures (AO/OTA classification 44-B 3.1) and provide evidence for clinical practice. METHODS: This study cohort consisted of 22 patients with SER IV E ankle fractures that underwent ORIF with TEF but no DLR between December 2011 and December 2014...
August 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017541/misdiagnosed-coronary-artery-disease-acute-aortic-syndrome-a-case-report
#5
Xiao-Yu Zhou, Jing Xu
It is estimated that 15% of traffic accidents cause trauma to large vessels. In about 70%-95% of cases, aortic rupture took place in the distal ligament of the left subclavian artery, whereas in the remaining cases rupture occurred in the ascending aorta above the aortic valve. Trauma to the aortic sinus and coronary arteries is rarely found in traffic accident victims. Therefore, coronary artery trauma is often misdiagnosed as coronary atherosclerotic heart disease. The present case is a 42 years old male who survived from a traffic accident...
August 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017540/influence-of-sensorimotor-adaptation-and-learning-process-for-rehabilitation-on-the-functional-mobility-of-a-patient-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report
#6
Veenu Kumar, Rani Goyal
This case report reveals the implementation of sensorimotor adaptation and learning process for rehabilitation in a patient with traumatic brain injury to achieve optimum recovery which is permanent in nature in compliance to the disability rating scale. A twenty two year old gentleman who had a history of fall was diagnosed as having subarachnoid hemorrhage along with diffuse axonal injury of the brain and bilateral lung contusion with pneumothorax. He underwent a total of ten months of sensorimotor adaptation and learning process for rehabilitation, which achieved functional mobility with a walker...
August 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007533/non-microsurgical-skin-flaps-for-reconstruction-of-difficult-wounds-in-distal-leg-and-foot
#7
Ahmed Hassan El-Sabbagh
PURPOSE: To express the versatility of a variety of non-microsurgical skin flaps used for coverage of difficult wounds in the lower third of the leg and the foot over 4 years period. Five kinds of flaps were used. Each flap was presented with detailed information regarding indication, blood supply, skin territory and technique. METHODS: Altogether 26 patients underwent lower leg reconstruction were included in this study. The reconstructive procedures applied five flaps, respectively distally based posterior tibial artery perforator flap (n = 8), distally based peroneal artery perforator flap (n = 4), distally based sural flap (n = 6), medial planter artery flap (n = 2) and cross leg flaps (n = 6)...
August 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007532/developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-a-special-pathology
#8
Jun Chen, Wen-Bing Zhang, Jin-Zhou He, Run Zhang, Yin-Qiang Cao, Xing Liu
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is one of the most common congenital disorders in childhood. Its diverse pathological changes require different treatments and result in different outcomes. Although many studies have been conducted on DDH, some special pathology is still unrecognized. We here presented a rare case of a one-year and eleven-month old girl with DDH; a half-free intra-articular osteocartilaginous tissue was found in her right hip joint. X-ray, computer assisted tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed to evaluate the pathological changes...
August 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929767/an-unclassified-tibial-plateau-fracture-reverse-schatzker-type-iv
#9
Tien Yeoh, Efthymios Iliopoulos, Alex Trompeter
The most commonly accepted system of classification for tibia plateau fractures is that of Schatzker. Increasingly, both high energy injuries and atypical osteoporotic fragility failures have led to more complex, unusual and previously undescribed fracture patterns being recognized. We present a case of a patient with a previously unreported pattern of tibia plateau fracture and knee dislocation. We highlight the challenges confronted and present the management and the outcomes of his injury. A 28-year old male motorcyclist was involved in a head on collision with a truck and was transferred by helicopter to our level 1 major trauma centre emergency department...
August 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555119/the-principles-and-practice-of-open-fracture-care-2018
#10
Amna Diwan, Kyle R Eberlin, Raymond Malcolm Smith
The principles of open fracture management are to manage the overall injury and specifically prevent primary contamination becoming frank infection. The surgical management of these complex injuries includes debridement & lavage of the open wound with combined bony and soft tissue reconstruction. Good results depend on early high quality definitive surgery usually with early stable internal fixation and associated soft tissue repair. While all elements of the surgical principles are very important and depend on each other for overall success the most critical element appears to be achieving very early healthy soft tissue cover...
August 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551580/early-scaphoid-fractures-are-better-diagnosed-with-ultrasonography-than-x-rays-a-prospective-study-over-114-patients
#11
Ravikant Jain, Nikhil Jain, Tanveer Sheikh, Charanjeet Yadav
PURPOSE: Wrist has a complex anatomy and undergoes complex injuries. Scaphoid fracture is one of such injuries. It is the most common fracture in carpal bone. Most of the scaphoid fractures are missed on initial X-rays. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered as a gold standard for diagnosing scaphoid fractures. Ultrasonography (USG) is emerging as a good alternative to make an early diagnosis of scaphoid fractures. Our aim is to throw light upon the role of USG in detection of scaphoid fractures...
August 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793730/middle-term-follow-up-results-of-pipkin-type-iv-femoral-head-fracture-patients-treated-by-reconstruction-plate-and-bioabsorbable-screws
#12
Shan-Xi Wang, Bo-Hua Li, Jun Li, Fu-Guo Huang, Zhou Xiang, Gang Zhong, Yue Fang, Min Yi, Xiao-Dan Zhao, Lei Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the mid-term curative effects of the treatment of Pipkin type IV femoral head fractures using a reconstruction plate and bioabsorbable screws and provide the evidence for clinical practice. METHODS: From February 2010 to September 2014, 21 patients with Pipkin type IV femoral head fractures were treated surgically. There were 13 males and 8 females with an average age of 41.1 years (range, 20-65 years). The causes of the fractures included traffic accidents (13 cases), falls from a height (four cases), heavy lifting injuries (three cases), and sport injury (one case)...
June 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784591/accuracy-and-outcome-of-rapid-ultrasound-in-shock-and-hypotension-rush-in-egyptian-polytrauma-patients
#13
Adel Hamed Elbaih, Ahmed Mohamed Housseini, Mohamed E M Khalifa
PURPOSE: "Polytrauma" patients are of a higher risk of complications and death than the summation of expected mortality and morbidity of their individual injuries. The ideal goal in trauma resuscitation care is to identify and treat all injuries. With clinical and technological advanced imaging available for diagnosis and treatment of traumatic patients, point of care-rapid ultrasound in shock and hypotension (RUSH) significantly affects modern trauma services and patient outcomes...
June 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784590/prognostic-factors-and-predictive-model-for-in-hospital-mortality-following-hip-fractures-in-the-elderly
#14
J Sanz-Reig, J Salvador Marín, J Ferrández Martínez, D Orozco Beltrán, J F Martínez López, J A Quesada Rico
PURPOSE: The incidence of hip fractures is increasing within the aging population. Our objective was to identify and quantify the risk factors and develop a predictive model for the in-hospital mortality among hip fracture patients older than 65 years. METHODS: This is a prospective study conducted on 331 hip fracture patients older than 65 years admitted to our hospital from 2011 to 2014. Patients' demographics, prehospitalization residential status, prefracture comorbidity data, anti-aggregant and anticoagulant medication, preoperative hemoglobin value, type of fractures, type of treatments, time to surgery, and complications were recorded...
June 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776836/analysis-of-incidence-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-blunt-trauma-patients-with-glasgow-coma-scale-of-12-or-less
#15
Alexander Becker, Kobi Peleg, Oded Olsha, Adi Givon, Boris Kessel
PURPOSE: Early diagnosis of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is important for improving survival and neurologic outcome in trauma victims. The purpose of this study was to assess whether Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 12 or less can predict the presence of TBI and the severity of associated injuries in blunt trauma patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including 303,435 blunt trauma patients who were transferred from the scene to hospital from 1998 to 2013. The data was obtained from the records of the National Trauma Registry maintained by Israel's National Center for Trauma and Emergency Medicine Research, in the Gertner Institute for Epidemiology and Health Policy Research...
June 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773451/total-hip-arthroplasty-for-posttraumatic-osteoarthritis-following-acetabular-fracture-a-systematic-review-of-characteristics-outcomes-and-complications
#16
Robert D Stibolt, Harshadkumar A Patel, Samuel R Huntley, Eva J Lehtonen, Ashish B Shah, Sameer M Naranje
PURPOSE: Posttraumatic arthritis (PTA) may develop years after acetabular fracture, hindering joint function and causing significant chronic musculoskeletal pain. Given the delayed onset of PTA, few studies have assessed outcomes of delayed total hip arthroplasty (THA) in acetabular fracture patients. This study systematically reviewed the literature for outcomes of THA in patients with PTA and prior acetabular fracture. METHODS: Pubmed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and Cochrane library were searched for articles containing the keywords "acetabular", "fracture", "arthroplasty", and "post traumatic arthritis" published between 1995 and August 2017...
June 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773450/acromioclavicular-joint-septic-arthritis-in-an-immunocompetent-child-a-case-report
#17
Saurabh Dutt, Jeetendra Lodhi, Vinod Kumar, Abhishek Kashyap
Septic arthritis of acromioclavicular (AC) joint is a rare entity. It is generally seen in patients who are immunocompromised. Only 15 cases have been reported till now, with only one case series of 6 patients. We report a case of septic arthritis of AC joint in an immunocompetent child. A 9 years old girl presented with history of pain in left shoulder for 4 days associated with fever. No history suggestive of any immunocompromised state was complained. On local examination, a swelling of around 3 cm in diameter was found over left AC joint region with raised local temperature, tenderness on palpation and positive response in fluctuation test...
June 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764704/current-understanding-of-neuroinflammation-after-traumatic-brain-injury-and-cell-based-therapeutic-opportunities
#18
REVIEW
Ye Xiong, Asim Mahmood, Michael Chopp
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Increasing evidence indicates that TBI is an important risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Despite improved supportive and rehabilitative care of TBI patients, unfortunately, all late phase clinical trials in TBI have yet to yield a safe and effective neuroprotective treatment. The disappointing clinical trials may be attributed to variability in treatment approaches and heterogeneity of the population of TBI patients as well as a race against time to prevent or reduce inexorable cell death...
June 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759918/potential-immunotherapies-for-traumatic-brain-and-spinal-cord-injury
#19
REVIEW
Raj Putatunda, John R Bethea, Wen-Hui Hu
Traumatic injury of the central nervous system (CNS) including brain and spinal cord remains a leading cause of morbidity and disability in the world. Delineating the mechanisms underlying the secondary and persistent injury versus the primary and transient injury has been drawing extensive attention for study during the past few decades. The sterile neuroinflammation during the secondary phase of injury has been frequently identified substrate underlying CNS injury, but as of now, no conclusive studies have determined whether this is a beneficial or detrimental role in the context of repair...
June 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551579/a-simple-treatment-option-for-achilles-tendinopathy
#20
LETTER
Johannes Möst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
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