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Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643960/asymptomatic-subcutaneous-cervical-mass-due-to-actinomyces-odontolyticus-infection-in-a-pyriform-sinus-fistula
#1
Ryu Yanagisawa, Kisei Minami, Noriko Kubota, Tamaki Iwade, Yoshifumi Ogiso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643950/atypical-dyskeratosis-congenita-diagnosed-using-whole-exome-sequencing
#2
Ayaka Monoi, Masahiro Sugawa, Motohiro Kato, Masafumi Seki, Kenichi Yoshida, Yuichi Shiraishi, Hirotoshi Sakaguchi, Seishi Ogawa, Junko Takita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643949/the-role-of-surgery-in-delayed-local-treatment-for-inss-4-neuroblastoma
#3
Shuichiro Uehara, Akihiro Yoneda, Takaharu Oue, Kengo Nakahata, Masahiro Zenitani, Takako Miyamura, Yoshiko Hashii, Masahiro Fukuzawa, Hiroomi Okuyama
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy, complications and outcomes of the following two different surgical strategies, in patients receiving delayed local treatment for INSS 4 neuroblastoma (NB): complete resection (CR; period A), and gross total resection (GTR)/subtotal resection (STR) with local irradiation (period B). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 17 patients with INSS 4 neuroblastoma (NB) who received delayed local treatment (period A, n=11; period B, n=6)...
June 23, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631412/psychopathology-in-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-their-mothers
#4
Aslı Sürer Adanir, Gülseren Taşkiran, O Alphan Küpesiz, Esin Özatalay
BACKGROUND: Bone Marrow Transplantation(BMT) is used to treat children with various hematologic, oncologic and metabolic diseases. While the treatment is lifesaving, it is also found to be related with anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and psychosocial problems both in children and parents. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychopathology in pediatric BMT survivors and their mothers compared to the healthy controls. All children were interviewed using Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for assessing the life-long psychopathology...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613013/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-mothers-whose-children-underwent-oncological-surgery
#5
Kıvılcım Karadeniz Cerit, Cem Cerit, Ömer Nart, Nurşah Eker, Gürsu Kıyan, Tolga Dağlı, Gülşen Ekingen, Gülnur Tokuç, Ömer Karaca, Funda Çorapçıoğlu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated risk factors among mothers whose children underwent oncological surgery. METHOD: This cross-sectional, multi-center study included a total of 60 mothers whose children underwent major thoracoabdominal surgery and were under the follow-up in the outpatient setting between February 2016 and May 2016. Clinical Data Form, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Clinician-Administered PTSD scale (CAPS) were used...
June 14, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612516/autonomic-nervous-system-function-in-adolescent-migraineurs
#6
Seiji Yoshida, Hidetaka Tanaka, Midori Mizutani, Ryota Nakao, Naoyuki Okamoto, Mitsugu Kajiura, Yukiko Kanbara, Hiroshi Tamai
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common and disabling neurological disorder. Studies attempting to determine a relationship between migraine and the autonomic nervous system (ANS) have been inconclusive. Moreover, pediatric studies are extremely limited. Therefore, the present study investigated interictal ANS function in adolescent migraineurs. METHODS: We studied 21 patients with migraine and 26 healthy controls. Beat-to-beat blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were noninvasively and continuously measured in the supine and standing positions...
June 14, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612492/encephalocraniocutaneous-lipomatosis-with-wilms-tumor
#7
Çağrı Damar, Ayhan Yaman, Mehmet Ali İkidağ, Esra Pekpak, Asburçe Olgaç
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608648/prolonged-elevated-body-mass-index-of-preschool-children-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#8
Tsuyoshi Isojima, Susumu Yokoya, Atsushi Ono, Noriko Kato, Toshiaki Tanaka, Hiroshi Yokomichi, Zentaro Yamagata, Soichiro Tanaka, Hiroko Matsubara, Mami Ishikuro, Masahiro Kikuya, Shoichi Chida, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Shinichi Kuriyama, Shigeo Kure
BACKGROUND: The Great East Japan Earthquake followed by tsunamis and the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) accident caused catastrophic damages. The effects of the disaster on the growth of affected children are of great concern but remain unknown. METHODS: The study population was derived from two Japanese nationwide retrospective cohorts (historical and exposed groups, respectively). The exposed group experienced the disaster at 47 to 59 months of age...
June 13, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597941/knotting-of-a-urethral-catheter
#9
Yousuke Minami, Hideaki Tanaka, Kouji Masumoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586511/factors-affecting-dance-exercise-performance-among-students-at-a-special-needs-school
#10
Yukiko Ito, Izumi Hiramoto, Hideya Kodama
BACKGROUND: In Japan, dance exercise has been introduced as a compulsory element of health and physical education. However, there is a considerable discrepancy in the levels of performance among students with intellectual disabilities (ID) at a special needs school. AIM: To demonstrate factors affecting the performance of dance exercise in students with ID. METHODS: A 4-month dance exercise program was implemented for junior high school students at a special needs school, and performance of 32 students at 22 sessions was assessed quantitatively by amount of calorie use by exercise and the proficiency scores of performances...
June 6, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581032/preemptive-therapy-with-rituximab-for-epstein-barr-virus-reactivation-after-haplo-hsct
#11
Shogo Kobayashi, Hideki Sano, Kazuhiro Mochizuki, Yoshihiro Ohara, Nobuhisa Takahashi, Hitoshi Ohto, Atsushi Kikuta
BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus-related post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (EBV-PTLD) is a serious complication in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study to investigate the incidence and potential risk factors for EBV reactivation and to assess the efficacy of the management of EBV reactivation with preemptive rituximab in children who had T-cell-replete haploidentical HSCT (TCR-haplo-SCT) with low-dose anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG)...
June 5, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28563973/phototherapy-for-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia
#12
REVIEW
Susumu Itoh, Hitoshi Okada, Toru Kuboi, Takashi Kusaka
About 60 years ago in England, phototherapy for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia was actually used in clinical practice. It was introduced in Japan about 50 years ago. However, the mechanism of how the serum bilirubin concentration was decreased by the phototherapy was still unknown. The mechanism was identified by chemists, biochemists, and pediatricians. Clarification started with the report that unconjugated bilirubin was excreted into bile after the photoirradiation of Gunn rats. After the molecular conformation of bilirubin by X-ray analysis, the mechanism for bile excretion of unconjugated bilirubin was verified based on geometric configurational photoisomers in the Gunn rat...
May 31, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544421/japan-s-115-year-trend-of-inter-prefectural-disparities-in-under-five-mortality
#13
Chie Nagata, Akinori Moriichi, Naho Morisaki, Ruoyan Gai-Tobe, Akira Ishiguro, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: Child poverty is a growing, serious issue in Japan, where various social disparities are widening. Numerous reports have focused on the relationship between social inequity and health. However, few studies have assessed how the overall magnitude of disparities in child health has changed over the course of drastic social and economic transitions from 1899 to more recent times. In this study, we assessed the trend of the under-five mortality rate (U5MR) and its inter-prefectural disparities in Japan...
May 23, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510345/use-of-mandarin-parents-evaluation-of-developmental-status-in-the-detection-of-delays
#14
Teck-Hock Toh, Boon-Chuan Lim, Mohamad Adam Bin Bujang, Jamaiyah Haniff, See-Chang Wong, Muhamad Rais Abdullah
OBJECTIVE: We examined the parental perception and accuracy of Mandarin translated Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status, a screening questionnaire for parents' concerns on their child's various developmental skills. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated into Mandarin. Upon enrollment, caregivers completed the Mandarin PEDS and answered four questions about its acceptability and usefulness, and its ease of understanding and completing. The Mandarin PEDS were independently evaluated by a pediatrician and a community nurse, and classified as 'high' risk (> 2 predictive concerns), 'medium' risk (1 predictive concern), 'low' risk (any non-predictive concerns) or 'no' risk (if no concern) for developmental delays...
May 16, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510260/markers-of-enteral-adaptation-in-pediatric-cases-with-short-bowel-syndrome
#15
Masahiro Chiba, Yutaka Sanada, Akira Toki
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to ascertain if prospective determinations of specific gut hormones and growth factors could predict bowel adaptation in children with short bowel syndrome (SBS). METHODS: We studied parenteral nutrition (PN) independency as the short-term result and discontinuation of enteral nutrition (EN) as the long-term result from a retrospective chart review of 7 patients with SBS, who were managed in the absence of growth retardation. The correlation between increased numbers of enteral feedings or enteral nutrients and fasting levels of serum gastrin, glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2), citrulline, and diamine oxidase (DAO) activity was analyzed...
May 16, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504461/ocular-and-nasal-symptoms-prior-to-acute-skin-graft-versus-host-disease
#16
Ikuko Fujihara, Ryu Yanagisawa, Ririko Sato, Noritaka Kitazawa, Kazuo Sakashita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504419/congenital-nephrogenic-diabetes-insipidus-complicated-with-hinman-syndrome
#17
Jiro Kino, Junji Takaya, Sachiyo Tanaka, Takahide Nakano, Kazunari Kaneko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503890/co-morbidity-and-quality-of-life-in-childhood-cancer-survivors-treated-with-proton-beam-therapy
#18
Hiroko Fukushima, Takashi Fukushima, Ryoko Suzuki, Atsushi Iwabuchi, Kyoko Hidaka, Kouji Masumoto, Ai Muroi, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Masashi Mizumoto, Hideyuki Sakurai, Ryo Sumazaki
INTRODUCTION: The ratio of childhood cancer survival achieves over 80% recently. Various adverse events among childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) has been reported. Proton beams are able to avoid unnecessary irradiation to normal/vital organs. We conducted a quality of life (QOL) study for CCSs who were treated with proton beam therapy (PBT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included those treated with PBT to the brain, head, or neck ≤15 years old at the University of Tsukuba Hospital from 1983 to 2011...
May 14, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477387/role-of-sex-in-morbidity-and-mortality-of-very-premature-neonates
#19
Masato Ito, Masanori Tamura, Fumihiko Namba
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of sex on survival and short-term outcomes of very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs) born in Japan. METHODS: This study included VLBWIs who were admitted to neonatal intensive care units between 2003 and 2012 participating in the Neonatal Research Network of Japan. The primary outcome was a composite of mortality or any major morbidity, including neurologic injury, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), or retinopathy of prematurity requiring treatment...
May 6, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477341/inflation-pressures-and-times-during-initial-resuscitation-of-preterm-infants
#20
Prashanth Bhat, Katie Hunt, Christopher Harris, Vadivelam Murthy, Anthony D Milner, Anne Greenough
BACKGROUND: The optimal combination of inflation pressures and times to produce adequate expiratory tidal volumes during initial resuscitation in prematurely born infants has not been determined. Our aim was to assess combinations of inflation pressures and times and the resulting expiratory tidal volume levels using a respiratory function monitor. METHODS: Sixty-four infants born before 34 weeks of gestation were studied. The infants were divided according to whether the inflation pressures (PIP-PEEP) were less than or >20 cm H2 O during the first five inflations delivered by a face mask and those groups were subdivided according to whether the inflation times were less than or > 1...
May 6, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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