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Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003640/estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-after-nephrectomy-for-wilms-tumor
#1
Takuro Kazama, Masaki Nio, Hideyuki Sasaki, Taichi Fukuzawa, Tomoyuki Sato
BACKGROUND: To assess the long-term residual kidney function after unilateral nephrectomy for the treatment of non-syndromic Wilms tumor (NSWT). METHODS: Of the patients who underwent one-sided NSWT at our hospital between 1977 and 2003, 9 cases were followed-up until the age ≥18 years. For these 9 cases, we retrospectively evaluated the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in childhood (3-10 years old), adolescence (11-17 years old) and adulthood (18 years older)...
July 13, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998580/cerebrospinal-fluid-non-pleocytosis-in-pediatric-enteroviral-meningitis-a-large-scale-review
#2
Ji Yeon Song, Sang Ook Nam, Young A Kim, Kyung Min Kim, Soo Young Lyu, Ara Ko, Young Mi Kim, Gyu Min Yeon, Yun-Jin Lee
BACKGROUND: Lack of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis has been reported in some children of enteroviral meningitis (EVM). The aim of this paper is to investigate the clinical spectrum and related factors for EVM with CSF non-pleocytosis. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the databases of children diagnosed with EVM by CSF polymerase chain reaction testing between 2011 and 2014. CSF pleocytosis was defined at each age by the criteria. Clinical and laboratory variables were compared between patients with CSF pleocytosis and non-pleocytosis...
July 11, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998526/15-years-experience-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-in-children-and-young-adults-mortality-and-complications-study
#3
Michał Lewandowski, Paweł Syska, Ilona Kowalik, Aleksander Maciąg, Maciej Sterliński, Joanna Ateńska-Pawłowska, Hanna Szwed
AIMS: Young ICD recipients present high rate of complications. Some of them seem to be underestimated. We report our clinical experience with ICD therapy in children and young adults during a 15 years follow-up. METHODS: We reviewed database of ICD recipients in our institution and have chosen 73 patients consecutively implanted at age 6-21years. We analysed intervention rate, mortality, rate and character of complications and treatment options. RESULTS: 20/73 patients (27,4%) received ≥1 appropriate therapy(AT) for VT/VF(ATP or shock) and 24/73 patients (32,8%) had one or multiple inappropriate therapy (IT)...
July 11, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989272/possible-effect-of-maternal-safe-food-preparation-behavior-on-child-malnutrition-in-benin-africa
#4
Chikako Nagahori, Yoshihide Kinjo, Joseph Assogba Vodounon, Jules Maroufou Alao, Geneviève Batossi Padonou, Benjamin Hounkpatin, Eve Houenassi Amoule, Taro Yamauchi
BACKGROUND: In many developing countries, faulty complementary feeding practices and frequently contaminated foods are contributing factors to child malnutrition. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the nutritional status and to clarify the maternal safe food preparation behaviors associated with malnutrition in children aged younger than 5 years in Cotonou, Republic of Benin. METHODS: This study targeted 300 mother-and-child pairs visiting the Center Hospitalier Universitaire de la Mère et de l'Enfant Lagune de Cotonou...
July 10, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987886/new-ctsa-mutation-in-early-infantile-galactosialidosis
#5
Luis Aldámiz-Echevarría, M Luz Couce, Olatz Villate, Ana Fernández-Marmiesse, M Ángeles Piñán
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29947454/awareness-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-among-parents-with-a-3-year-old-child
#6
Ritei Uehara, Ryoji Shinohara, Yuka Akiyama, Kaori Ichikawa, Toshiyuki Ojima, Kencho Matsuura, Yoshihisa Yamazaki, Zentaro Yamagata
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) among infants or toddlers mainly occur at home. Therefore, parents with children should be able to perform immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) when they witness OHCA. However, the status of knowledge regarding CPR among parents remains unclear. The aim of our study was to determine the factors associated with awareness of CPR among parents with 3-year-old children. METHODS: We analysed a subset of data from a population-based, cross-sectional survey that served as an evaluation of a national campaign for maternal and child health in Japan...
June 27, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29947452/increased-use-of-third-generation-cephalosporin-antibiotics-in-the-outpatient-setting-in-korean-children-and-adolescents
#7
Inmyung Song, Sang Jun Park, Seong Jun Byun, Young-June Choe, Ju-Young Shin
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a concern to public health, emphasizing the importance of controlling antibiotic use. This study analyzed the trend in outpatient antibiotic prescriptions in children and adolescents in Korea. METHODS: Using National Prescribing Sample data from the Korea Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2014, we analyzed outpatient systemic antibiotic (ATC J01) prescriptions in patients aged 2-17 years...
June 27, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29947449/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-to-predict-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura
#8
Seung Hee Hong, Chan Jong Kim, Eun Mi Yang
BACKGROUND: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a common form of vasculitis in children. It typically involves small vessels of the skin, the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, joints, and kidneys. GI involvement is the most severe short-term complication and GI bleeding is a major complication of HSP. However, there is no established predictive marker of GI bleeding. Blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been proposed as a potentially useful marker of clinical outcome in diseases with an inflammatory component...
June 27, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944776/neurally-adjusted-ventilatory-assist-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#9
Arata Oda, Yoshiya Kamei, Takehiko Hiroma, Tomohiko Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is expected to improve respiratory outcomes in preterm infants; however, it has not yet been evaluated. We investigated whether NAVA could improve respiratory outcomes and reduce sedation use in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWIs). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted based on patient charts at Nagano Children's Hospital NICU, Japan. Infants who were born at less than 27-weeks gestation were included...
June 26, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931721/influence-of-an-intravenous-lipid-emulsion-on-lipoprotein-subclasses-in-preterm-infants
#10
Hiroki Suganuma, Ikeda Naho, Natsuki Ohkawa, Hiromichi Shoji, Toshiaki Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: Lipid emulsions administered intravenously are normally rapidly metabolized by apoprotein recruited from HDL particles in the blood. However very low birth infants (VLBWIs) have low rates of lipid clearance of from their blood and so lipid emulsions must be administered carefully to minimize the risk of hyperlipidemia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of intravenous lipid emulsion on the lipoprotein subclass profiles in VLBWIs during the early postnatal period...
June 22, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931711/evaluation-of-nutrition-imbalance-in-chinese-chronic-kidney-disease-children
#11
Ke Wang, Yeping Jiang, Yuting Lai Master, Ying Shen
BACKGROUND: Nutrition imbalance is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) children. This study was to evaluate nutrition status of CKD children at different stages using bioimpedance analysis (BIA) compared with anthropometric measurements. METHODS: Fifty-five CKD children at III, IV, V stages and 19 age and sex-matched healthy controls were recruited. Fat, protein and mineral compositions monitored by BIA were analyzed together with anthropometric measurements including height, weight and body mass index (BMI)...
June 22, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931709/effectiveness-of-neurofeedback-versus-medication-in-treatment-of-adhd
#12
Khemika Khemakanok Sudnawa, Vilawan Chirdkiatgumchai, Nichara Ruangdaraganon, Chaiyos Khongkhatithum, Umaporn Udomsubpayakul, Suwicha Jirayucharoensak, Pasin Israsena
BACKGROUND: Neurofeedback (NF) is an operant conditioning procedure that trains participants for self-regulation of brain activity. Previous studies have shown that NF is a promising treatment of ADHD. However, there have been only a few RCT studies comparing effectiveness of NF with medication with various NF protocol and results. The aim of this study was to evaluate theeffectiveness of unipolar electrodeneurofeedback (NF) using theta/beta protocol compared with methylphenidate (MPH) in the treatment of ADHD...
June 22, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923669/chest-imaging-in-generalized-lymphatic-anomaly-and-kaposiform-lymphangiomatosis
#13
Hiroki Kato, Michio Ozeki, Toshiyuki Fukao, Masayuki Matsuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923659/human-tail-in-the-cervical-region
#14
Chiaki Takemori, Reiji Nakano, Takafumi Wataya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923658/kimura-s-disease-in-a-preschool-child-with-suspected-tuberculosis
#15
Miku Hosokawa, Atsuo Sato, Hiroyuki Shimizu, Hiroyuki Shiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923655/unilateral-lung-hyperinflation-caused-by-bridging-bronchus-on-chest-radiography-in-an-infant
#16
Manami Sammori, Osamu Nomura, Hiroshi Sakakibara, Makoto Ishitate, Tatsuo Kono
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923346/survey-of-hospitalized-patients-with-rs-virus-in-nagano-japan
#17
Toshimitsu Yanagisawa, Tomohiko Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial viral (RSV) infection is one of the major causes of hospitalization of children during the winter months in Nagano, Japan. This investigation was conducted to understand the details of hospitalized patients infected with RSV in Nagano. METHODS: The study used a questionnaire to survey children who were hospitalized with RSV infection in the pediatric wards of 11 major hospitals in Nagano. RESULTS: Between April 2016 and March 2017, 438 patients were hospitalized with RSV infection in the 11 participating hospitals...
June 20, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923312/klebsiella-pneumoniae-associated-septic-pulmonary-emboli-in-a-healthy-child
#18
Zenpei Kano, Sagano Onoyama, Moeri Tsuji, Junichiro Tezuka, Kenji Furuno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920868/down-regulation-of-cd5-and-dysregulated-cd8-t-cell-activation
#19
Taizo Wada
CD5 is a cell surface molecule that is expressed on most circulating T cells and a small population of B cells and is involved in modulation of antigen-specific receptor-mediated activation. Down-regulation of CD5 on CD8+ T cells is a poorly understood but increasingly recognized phenomenon that may be associated with dysregulated T-cell activation. An increased subpopulation of activated CD8+ T cells with down-regulation of CD5 has recently been described in patients with Epstein-Barr virus-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) and familial HLH caused by perforin deficiency and Munc 13-4 deficiency...
June 19, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906300/new-treatment-criteria-for-preterm-hyperbilirubinemic-infants-in-japan
#20
Ichiro Morioka
In 1992, Kobe University proposed treatment criteria for hyperbilirubinemic newborns using total serum bilirubin and serum unbound bilirubin reference values. In the last decade, chronic bilirubin encephalopathy has found to develop in preterm infants in Japan because it can now be clinically diagnosed based on an abnormal signal of the globus pallidus in T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and abnormal findings of the auditory brainstem response with or without apparent hearing loss, along with physical findings of kinetic disorders with athetosis...
June 15, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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