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JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507426/performance-of-high-school-students-in-a-laparoscopic-training-program
#1
Scott Furer, Sarah Alam, James Rosser
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that high school students can be subjected to the same laparoscopic surgical training curriculum used by surgeons and successfully complete it. The goal of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of early training in minimally invasive surgical techniques. METHODS: Thirteen high school students, ages 15-18, participated in the validated Top Gun Surgeon Laparoscopic Skills and Suturing program. The students performed 3 preparatory drills 10 times each...
April 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439193/hysteroscopic-management-of-uterine-arteriovenous-malformation
#2
Stefano Calzolari, Mauro Cozzolino, Eleonora Castellacci, Valeria Dubini, Alfonso Farruggia, Giovanni Sisti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is characterized by shunts between the myometrial arteries and veins. Treatment is based on the severity of uterine bleeding and ranges from conservative medical approaches to embolization of affected arteries. The aim of study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of hysteroscopy for management of uterine AVM. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of a cohort of 11 cases occurring between March 2012 and December 2015 in our Regional Center of Excellence in Hysteroscopy, University of Florence...
April 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439192/bedside-vein-mapping-for-conduit-size-in-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#3
Frank Manetta, Pey-Jen Yu, Allan Mattia, John C Karaptis, Alan R Hartman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The greater saphenous vein has been used in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for more than 50 years. Endoscopic vein harvesting has greatly reduced the morbidity associated with obtaining the vein, but the quality of the vein could not be assessed before its was exposed surgically or after the endoscopic procedure had been performed. This study was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of preoperative mapping of the greater saphenous vein at the bedside in assessing suitable conduit size for use in CABG...
April 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400698/laparoscopic-rectopexy-with-urinary-bladder-xenograft-reinforcement
#4
Aradhana Mehta, Rami Afshar, David L Warner, Amy Gardner, Ellen Ackerman, Jared Brandt, Kent C Sasse
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rectal prolapse is often repaired laparoscopically, frequently with the use of reinforcement material. Both synthetic and biologically derived materials reduce recurrence rate compared to primary suture repair. Synthetic mesh introduces potential complications such as mesh erosion, fibrosis, and infection. Urinary bladder matrix (UBM) represents a biologically derived material for reinforcement of rectal prolapse repair with the potential to improve durability without risks of synthetic materials...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400697/the-impact-of-individual-surgeon-volume-on-hysterectomy-costs
#5
Jonathan P Shepherd, Charelle M Carter-Brooks, Kelly L Kantartzis, Ted Lee, Michael J Bonidie
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Hysterectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures women will undergo in their lifetime. Several factors affect surgical outcomes. It has been suggested that high-volume surgeons favorably affect outcomes and hospital cost. The objective is to determine the impact of individual surgeon volume on total hospital costs for hysterectomy. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort of women undergoing hysterectomy for benign indications from 2011 to 2013 at 10 hospitals within the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center System...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400696/seprafilm%C3%A2-application-method-in-laparoscopic-surgery
#6
Mun-Kun Hong, Dah-Ching Ding
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postoperative adhesions occur less often in laparoscopies than in laparotomies, but the incidence can be reduced further. Seprafilm, a sodium hyaluronate/carboxymethylcellulose absorbable barrier, was developed to prevent adhesions after abdominal surgery, and is approved for postoperative adhesion prevention. However, Seprafilm is seldom used in laparoscopic surgery because of its tendency to break apart when it is inserted into the abdominal cavity through a trocar, resulting in a high placement failure rate...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352149/robot-assisted-partial-nephrectomy-for-t1b-tumors-strict-trifecta-outcomes
#7
Ilter Tufek, Panagiotis Mourmouris, Tunkut Doganca, Can Obek, Omer Burak Argun, Mustafa Bilal Tuna, Mehmet Selcuk Keskin, Ali Rıza Kural
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: "Trifecta" in partial nephrectomy consists of negative surgical margins, minimal renal function decrease and absence of complications. In the present article, our single-center robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) experience in T1b renal masses is reported in terms of strict Trifecta outcomes. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of patients with a tumor diameter between 4 and 7 cm (stage T1b), who underwent RAPN by a single surgeon...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352148/laparoscopic-and-open-splenectomy-and-hepatectomy
#8
Jing-Feng Li, Dou-Sheng Bai, Guo-Qing Jiang, Ping Chen, Sheng-Jie Jin, Zhi-Xian Zhu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients undergoing synchronous open splenectomy and hepatectomy (OSH) for concurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and hypersplenism usually have major surgical trauma caused by the long abdominal incision. Surgical procedures that contribute to rapid recovery with the least possible impairment are desired by both surgeons and patients. The objective of this study was to explore outcomes in patients treated with simultaneous laparoscopic or open splenectomy and hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with hypersplenism...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352147/minimally-invasive-hysterectomy-for-uteri-greater-than-one-kilogram
#9
Traci E Ito, Maria V Vargas, Gaby N Moawad, Jessica Opoku-Anane, Michael K M Shu, Cherie Q Marfori, James K Robinson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and safety of minimally invasive hysterectomy for uteri >1 kg. METHODS: Clinical and surgical characteristics were collected for patients in an academic tertiary care hospital. Included were patients who underwent minimally invasive hysterectomy by 1 of 3 fellowship-trained gynecologists from January 1, 2009, to July 1, 2015 and subsequently had confirmed uterine weights of 1 kg or greater on pathology report...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352146/power-morcellation-using-a-contained-bag-system
#10
Courtney Steller, Aarathi Cholkeri-Singh, Kirsten Sasaki, Charles E Miller
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The well-known advantages of minimally invasive surgery make the approach well suited for hysterectomy and other gynecological procedures. The removal of specimens excised during surgery has been a challenge that has been answered by the use of power morcellation. With this study we sought to assess the feasibility of power morcellation within a specimen bag. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study including patients from a private practice in suburban Chicago, Illinois, who underwent contained electromechanical power morcellation during a laparoscopic or robot-assisted hysterectomy or myomectomy from May 2014 through December 2015...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144128/introduction-of-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-in-a-community-teaching-hospital
#11
Dante Dali, Trent Howard, Hanif Mian Hashim, Charles D Goldman, Jan Franko
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The safety of minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) outside of high-volume centers has not been studied. Therefore, we evaluated our experience with the introduction of MIE in the setting of a community teaching hospital. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of all elective esophagectomy patients treated in a community hospital from 2008 through 2015 was evaluated (n = 57; open = 31 vs MIE = 26). Clavien-Dindo complication grades were recorded prospectively...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144127/a-novel-technique-for-duodenal-resection-and-primary-anastomosis-with-robotic-assistance-and-orvil
#12
Abdulkadir Bedirli, Bulent Salman, Mahir Nasirov, Ibrahim Dogan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Benign duodenal neoplasm is a rare occurrence. Minimally invasive tumor resection and anastomosis formation with an OrVil catheter is a novel approach to treating this disease. In this article, we present a new technique for duodenojejunal anastomosis. This technique was applied in 4 patients with benign distal duodenal tumors who were treated with minimally invasive surgery with robotic assistance. METHODS: In 4 patients, after the removal of distal duodenal masses with a robotic technique, an orifice in the duodenum was opened to allow for the passage of a guidewire...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144126/transanal-endoscopic-operation-for-benign-rectal-lesions-and-t1-carcinoma
#13
Mathieu D'Hondt, Emi Yoshihara, Lieven Dedrye, Koen Vindevoghel, Frederiek Nuytens, Hans Pottel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Transanal endoscopic operation (TEO) is a minimally invasive technique used for local excision of benign and selected malignant rectal lesions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility, safety, and oncological outcomes of the procedure and to report the experience in 3 centers. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was performed of all patients with benign lesions or ≤cT1N0 rectal cancer who underwent TEO with curative intent at 3 Belgian centers (2012 through 2014)...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144125/to-morcellate-or-not-to-morcellate-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-gynecologic-surgeons
#14
Farr Nezhat, Radu Apostol, Alexis D Greene, Marjorie L Pilkinton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The inadvertent dissemination of uterine cancer cells with the power morcellator has received much attention in the press and a warning from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Many hospitals prohibit the use of the morcellator in gynecologic surgery. We conducted a survey in an attempt to assess gynecologic surgeons' beliefs regarding the intracorporeal power morcellation of fibroids in light of the risk of dissemination of malignancy in patients in whom the presence of cancer is unknown before surgery...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144124/neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-levels-during-pneumoperitoneum
#15
Mine Kiseli, Gamze Sinem Caglar, Hakan Yilmaz, Asli Yarci Gursoy, Tuba Candar, Emre Goksan Pabuccu, Zuleyha Kazak Bengisun, Filiz Tuzuner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A temporary deterioration in renal function during pneumoperitoneum has been reported, but the extent is not known. A new marker for the early detection of renal injury, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), has been shown to increase in various conditions that affect renal function. This study was conducted to explore detrimental effects of pneumoperitoneum in laparoscopic surgery on renal function by studying levels of urinary NGAL (uNGAL). METHODS: Thirty-two women scheduled to undergo laparoscopic surgery in a gynecology clinic were recruited...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144123/state-of-simulation-in-healthcare-education-an-initial-survey-in-beijing
#16
Zichen Zhao, Pengfei Niu, Xiang Ji, Robert M Sweet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2013, medical error was the third leading cause of death in the United States.(1) In China, as in the case with the United States, training and assessment are developing as a strategy to reduce the occurrence of such errors. The objective of this study was to assess the current state of the use of simulation-based training in Beijing and to explore the barriers to further development. METHODS: This study included hospitals in Beijing accredited by the Standardized Residency Training (SRT) program...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144122/cost-effectiveness-of-a-novel-attempt-to-reduce-readmission-after-ileostomy-creation
#17
Atif Iqbal, Ahsan Raza, Emina Huang, Lindsey Goldstein, Steven J Hughes, Sanda A Tan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dehydration is a common complication after ileostomy creation and is the most frequent reason for postoperative readmission to the hospital. We sought to determine the clinical and economic impact of an outpatient intervention to decrease readmissions for dehydration after ileostomy creation. METHODS: All new ileostomates from 09/2011 through 10/2012 at the University of Florida were enrolled to receive an ileostomy education and management protocol and a daily telephone call for 3 weeks after discharge...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028382/fice-vs-narrow-band-imaging-for-in-vivo-histologic-diagnosis-of-polyps
#18
Cevher Akarsu, Nuri Alper Sahbaz, Ahmet Cem Dural, Mustafa Gokhan Unsal, Osman Kones, Ali Kocatas, Ilkay Halicioglu, Halil Alis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gastrointestinal cancers are the most frequently occurring cancers worldwide. Diagnosis and removal of polyps during screening endoscopy decreases the prevalence of colon cancer and cancer-related mortality, and it is considered to be the gold standard in gastrointestinal system cancer prevention. Technological innovations in endoscopy have led to revolutionary developments in many areas. Flexible spectral imaging color enhancement (FICE) and narrow-band imaging (NBI) are forms of digital chromoendoscopy and enhance the endoscopic images without the need for a dye...
October 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028381/intraocular-pressure-changes-with-positioning-during-laparoscopy
#19
Adewale O Adisa, Oluwatoyin H Onakpoya, Anthony T Adenekan, Oluwaseun O Awe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopy can produce changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) that may be influenced by several factors. In this study, we investigated changes in IOP during laparoscopy with different positioning. METHODS: We recruited adult patients without eye disease scheduled to undergo laparoscopic operation requiring a reverse Trendelenburg tilt (rTr; group A; n = 20) or Trendelenburg tilt (Tr; Group B; n = 20). IOP was measured at 7 time points (T1-T7)...
October 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028380/small-bowel-obstruction-secondary-to-adhesions-after-open-or-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#20
Sebastian Smolarek, Mostafa Shalaby, Giulio Paolo Angelucci, Giulia Missori, Ilaria Capuano, Luana Franceschilli, Silvia Quaresima, Nicola Di Lorenzo, Pierpaolo Sileri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Small-bowel obstruction (SBO) is a common surgical emergency that occurs in 9% of patients after abdominal surgery. Up to 73% are caused by peritoneal adhesions. The primary purpose of this study was to compare the rate of SBOs between patients who underwent laparoscopic (LPS) and those who had open (OPS) colorectal surgery. The secondary reasons were to evaluate the rate of adhesive SBO in a cohort of patients who underwent a range of colorectal resections and to assess risk factors for the development of SBO...
October 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
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