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Health Informatics Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431017/touchless-computer-interfaces-in-hospitals-a-review
#1
Seán Cronin, Gavin Doherty
The widespread use of technology in hospitals and the difficulty of sterilising computer controls has increased opportunities for the spread of pathogens. This leads to an interest in touchless user interfaces for computer systems. We present a review of touchless interaction with computer equipment in the hospital environment, based on a systematic search of the literature. Sterility provides an implied theme and motivation for the field as a whole, but other advantages, such as hands-busy settings, are also proposed...
February 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402174/online-data-to-contextualize-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-establishments-surrounding-large-us-universities
#2
Jason B Colditz, Kar-Hai Chu, Galen E Switzer, Konstantinos Pelechrinis, Brian A Primack
Waterpipe tobacco smoking has grown in popularity among US college students and is associated with serious health risks. Much of the waterpipe tobacco smoking takes place in establishments such as "hookah bars" or in lounge settings. Web-based data platforms such as Yelp have demonstrated utility in locating these establishments but are prone to over- and underestimation. The purpose of this study was to optimize strategies for algorithmically estimating the prevalence of waterpipe tobacco smoking establishments...
February 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388496/a-computerized-algorithm-to-capture-patient-s-past-preeclampsia-and-eclampsia-history-from-prenatal-clinical-notes
#3
Fagen Xie, Theresa Im, Darios Getahun
Prenatal clinical notes in electronic medical records contain a wealth of information on pregnancy complications and outcomes. Extracting this critical information provides a unique opportunity for risk assessment to identify at-risk patients who may benefit from early monitoring and intervention. We developed and validated a rule-based computerized algorithm called PregHisEx to characterize past obstetrical history (preeclampsia/eclampsia) by mining prenatal clinical notes for women delivered in 2012 within a large healthcare maintenance organization...
January 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388495/veracity-in-big-data-how-good-is-good-enough
#4
Andrew P Reimer, Elizabeth A Madigan
Veracity, one of the five V's used to describe big data, has received attention when it comes to using electronic medical record data for research purposes. In this perspective article, we discuss the idea of data veracity and associated concepts as it relates to the use of electronic medical record data and administrative data in research. We discuss the idea that electronic medical record data are "good enough" for clinical practice and, as such, are "good enough" for certain applications. We then propose three primary issues to attend to when establishing data veracity: data provenance, cross validation, and context...
January 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366367/re-thinking-technology-and-its-growing-role-in-enabling-patient-empowerment
#5
Aisha Umar Akeel, Darren Mundy
The presence and increase of challenges to eHealth in today's society have begun to generate doubts about the capability of technology in patient empowerment, especially within the frameworks supporting empowerment. Through the review of existing frameworks and articulation of patient demands, weaknesses in the current application of technology to support empowerment are explored, and key constituents of a technology-driven framework for patient empowerment are determined. This article argues that existing usage of technology in the design, development and implementation of patient empowerment in the healthcare system, although well intentioned, is insufficiently constituted, primarily as a result of fragmentation...
January 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361867/learning-to-parent-from-google-evaluation-of-available-online-health-evidence-for-parents-of-preterm-infants-requiring-neonatal-intensive-care
#6
Justine Dol, Brianna Richardson, Talia Boates, Marsha Campbell-Yeo
The study aim was to identify and evaluate the reliability and quality of online resources for parents of preterm infants seeking health information about their infant using the DISCERN tool and Health on Net code. An Internet search ( www.google.com ) was used to identify websites for parents of preterm infants on their infants' health and health issues. For each search, the top 100 "hits" were downloaded, yielding 1200 websites. After reviewing websites for exclusion criteria and duplicates, 197 websites remained and were analyzed...
January 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359620/adverse-event-extraction-from-structured-product-labels-using-the-event-based-text-mining-of-health-electronic-records-ether-system
#7
Abhishek Pandey, Kory Kreimeyer, Matthew Foster, Taxiarchis Botsis, Oanh Dang, Thomas Ly, Wei Wang, Richard Forshee
Structured Product Labels follow an XML-based document markup standard approved by the Health Level Seven organization and adopted by the US Food and Drug Administration as a mechanism for exchanging medical products information. Their current organization makes their secondary use rather challenging. We used the Side Effect Resource database and DailyMed to generate a comparison dataset of 1159 Structured Product Labels. We processed the Adverse Reaction section of these Structured Product Labels with the Event-based Text-mining of Health Electronic Records system and evaluated its ability to extract and encode Adverse Event terms to Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities Preferred Terms...
January 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359619/smoking-cessation-exploration-of-perceived-technology-related-information-value
#8
Iris Reychav, Roger McHaney, Eyal Hirak, Ben Merker
This study describes a unique approach to information transfer affecting the perceived value of this information and related impact on smoker behavior. Data were collected via survey, sampling approximately 120 participants. An online survey tool was used for the survey creation, data collection and monitoring. Another online tool was used by participants to create short animation videos as a means of increasing their engagement with information in an experiential fashion. Study findings included that the process experienced by the test group was influential and facilitated participants' change of mind regarding enrollment in a smoking cessation workshop...
January 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332530/reconciliation-of-patient-doctor-vocabulary-in-a-structured-resource
#9
Mike Donald Tapi Nzali, Jérôme Aze, Sandra Bringay, Christian Lavergne, Caroline Mollevi, Thomas Optiz
Today, social media is increasingly used by patients to openly discuss their health. Mining automatically such data is a challenging task because of the non-structured nature of the text and the use of many abbreviations and the slang terms. Our goal is to use Patient Authored Text to build a French Consumer Health Vocabulary on breast cancer field, by collecting various kinds of non-experts' expressions that are related to their diseases and then compare them to biomedical terms used by health care professionals...
January 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320911/turning-challenges-into-design-principles-telemonitoring-systems-for-patients-with-multiple-chronic-conditions
#10
Mehwish Sultan, Kerry Kuluski, Warren J McIsaac, Joseph A Cafazzo, Emily Seto
People with multiple chronic conditions often struggle with managing their health. The purpose of this research was to identify specific challenges of patients with multiple chronic conditions and to use the findings to form design principles for a telemonitoring system tailored for these patients. Semi-structured interviews with 15 patients with multiple chronic conditions and 10 clinicians were conducted to gain an understanding of their needs and preferences for a smartphone-based telemonitoring system. The interviews were analyzed using a conventional content analysis technique, resulting in six themes...
January 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320910/predicting-and-explaining-inflammation-in-crohn-s-disease-patients-using-predictive-analytics-methods-and-electronic-medical-record-data
#11
Bhargava K Reddy, Dursun Delen, Rupesh K Agrawal
Crohn's disease is among the chronic inflammatory bowel diseases that impact the gastrointestinal tract. Understanding and predicting the severity of inflammation in real-time settings is critical to disease management. Extant literature has primarily focused on studies that are conducted in clinical trial settings to investigate the impact of a drug treatment on the remission status of the disease. This research proposes an analytics methodology where three different types of prediction models are developed to predict and to explain the severity of inflammation in patients diagnosed with Crohn's disease...
January 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278956/framework-for-infectious-disease-analysis-a-comprehensive-and-integrative-multi-modeling-approach-to-disease-prediction-and-management
#12
Madhav Erraguntla, Josef Zapletal, Mark Lawley
The impact of infectious disease on human populations is a function of many factors including environmental conditions, vector dynamics, transmission mechanics, social and cultural behaviors, and public policy. A comprehensive framework for disease management must fully connect the complete disease lifecycle, including emergence from reservoir populations, zoonotic vector transmission, and impact on human societies. The Framework for Infectious Disease Analysis is a software environment and conceptual architecture for data integration, situational awareness, visualization, prediction, and intervention assessment...
December 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275681/book-review-information-infrastructures-within-european-health-care-working-with-the-installed-base-health-informatics-information-infrastructures-within-european-health-care-working-with-the-installed-base-health-informatics-by-aanestad-margunn-grisot-miria
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268663/a-matter-of-communication-a-new-classification-to-compare-and-evaluate-telehealth-and-telemedicine-interventions-and-understand-their-effectiveness-as-a-communication-process
#14
Massimiliano Colucci, Vincenzo Baldo, Tatjana Baldovin, Chiara Bertoncello
This article attempts to define functions and applications of telemedicine and telehealth in order to achieve a simplified and comprehensive taxonomy. This may be used as a tool to evaluate their efficacy and to address health policies from the perspective of the centrality of information in the healthcare. Starting from a lexical frame, telemedicine or telehealth is conceived as a communication means and their action as a communication process. As a performance, the communication is related to the health outcome...
December 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251056/a-pilot-study-exploring-the-relationship-between-the-use-of-mobile-technologies-walking-distance-and-clinical-decision-making-among-rural-hospital-nurses
#15
Monique Sedgwick, Olu Awosoga, Lance Grigg
Providing evidence-based information at the point of care for time-poor nurses may lead to better clinical care and patient outcomes. Smartphone applications (apps) have the advantage of providing immediate access to information potentially increasing time spent with patients. This small-scale pre-post survey study explored the impact a smartphone app had on the distance nurses walked and their perceived clinical decision-making ability. A total of 20 nurses working in a rural hospital medical/surgical unit participated...
December 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251055/validation-of-a-multivariate-clinical-prediction-model-for-the-diagnosis-of-mild-stroke-transient-ischemic-attack-in-physician-first-contact-patient-settings
#16
Maximilian B Bibok, Andrew M Penn, Mary L Lesperance, Kristine Votova, Robert Balshaw
We validate our previously developed (DOI: 10.1101/089227) clinical prediction rule for diagnosing transient ischemic attack on the basis of presenting clinical symptoms and compare its performance with the ABCD2 score in first-contact patient settings. Two independent and prospectively collected patient validation cohorts were used: (a) referral cohort-prospectively referred emergency department and general practitioner patients ( N = 877); and (b) SpecTRA cohort-participants recruited as part of the SpecTRA biomarker project ( N = 545)...
December 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390954/book-review-information-infrastructures-within-european-health-care-working-with-the-installed-base-health-informatics-information-infrastructures-within-european-health-care-working-with-the-installed-base-health-informatics-by-aanestad-margunn-grisot-miria
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172951/usability-testing-of-an-electronic-pain-monitoring-system-for-palliative-cancer-patients-a-think-aloud-study
#18
Sally Taylor, Matthew J Allsop, Michael I Bennett, Bridgette M Bewick
Pain experienced by advanced cancer patients is often poorly controlled due to inadequate assessment. We aimed to test an electronic pain monitoring system (PainCheck) with advanced cancer patients and health professionals. In all, 29 participants (13 patients and 16 health professionals (n = 16)) used PainCheck while thinking their thoughts aloud. After the think aloud, both groups were asked about their experiences. Think-aloud and semi-structured interview data were analysed using framework analysis...
November 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148314/clinical-decision-support-systems-in-hospital-care-using-ubiquitous-devices-current-issues-and-challenges
#19
Mirza Mansoor Baig, Hamid GholamHosseini, Aasia A Moqeem, Farhaan Mirza, Maria Lindén
Supporting clinicians in decision making using advanced technologies has been an active research area in biomedical engineering during the past years. Among a wide range of ubiquitous systems, smartphone applications have been increasingly developed in healthcare settings to help clinicians as well as patients. Today, many smartphone applications, from basic data analysis to advanced patient monitoring, are available to clinicians and patients. Such applications are now increasingly integrating into healthcare for clinical decision support, and therefore, concerns around accuracy, stability, and dependency of these applications are rising...
November 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148313/facebook-and-twitter-vaccine-sentiment-in-response-to-measles-outbreaks
#20
Michael S Deiner, Cherie Fathy, Jessica Kim, Katherine Niemeyer, David Ramirez, Sarah F Ackley, Fengchen Liu, Thomas M Lietman, Travis C Porco
Social media posts regarding measles vaccination were classified as pro-vaccination, expressing vaccine hesitancy, uncertain, or irrelevant. Spearman correlations with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-reported measles cases and differenced smoothed cumulative case counts over this period were reported (using time series bootstrap confidence intervals). A total of 58,078 Facebook posts and 82,993 tweets were identified from 4 January 2009 to 27 August 2016. Pro-vaccination posts were correlated with the US weekly reported cases (Facebook: Spearman correlation 0...
November 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
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