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Evidence-based Dentistry

Nassar Seifo, Waraf Al-Yaseen, Nicola Innes
Data sourcesPubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, the Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database (LILACS), the Brazilian Library in Dentistry (BBO), Cochrane Library and grey literature.Study selectionTwo reviewers selected randomised clinical trials (RCTs) that compared the efficacy of SDF application with other active treatments or placebo in arresting carious lesions.Data extraction and synthesisThree authors extracted data using customised extraction forms, and risk of bias was assessed by two independent reviewers...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Natacha Reis, Marco Bergamini, Thamar Silvestre, Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesThe Pubmed, Evidence-Based Dentistry, BMJ Clinical Evidence, EmbaseDynamed, and databases and manual search of reference lists.Study selectionRandomised clinical trials (RCTs) were accepted if they had: participants with no periodontal disease and teeth restored with SCs or FDPs and compared fibre posts and other prosthetic systems and evaluated the prosthetic complications with a minimum observational period of 36 months.Data extraction and synthesisTitles and abstracts were evaluated independently by two reviewers, any disagreement was discussed with a third reviewer...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases. Websites of scientific societies of dental traumatology, paediatric dentistry, endodontics, oral-maxillofacial surgery and World Health Organization and the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention were searched. There were no language restrictions, but the search was limited to the years 1996-2016.Study selectionObservational studies reporting proportions of individuals with at least one TDI (prevalence) and who developed TDI (incidence rate) were considered...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Margarita Papakostopoulou, Dominic Hurst
DesignRandomised controlled trial.InterventionPatients aged 12-30 years requiring fixed orthodontic treatment were eligible and were randomly allocated to treatment with the Insignia customised orthodontic system or the Damon Q noncustomised orthodontic system.Outcome measureThe primary outcome measure was treatment duration. Secondary outcomes were quality of treatment result; the degree of improvement graded using the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) score; number of visits from the first visit after bonding to debonding; number of loose brackets; time required for treatment planning; and number of complaints...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Ed Madeley, Brett Duane
Data sourcesPubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane library, China Biology Medicine Disc (CBM), China National Knowledge infrastructure (CNKI).Study SelectionThis study included only human randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and clinical controlled trials (CCTs). To be included studies had to include patients prescribed oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) requiring dental extraction(s). Comparison was made between patients discontinuing OAT for the dental extraction(s) and those continuing with their OAT. The outcome measured was post-operative bleeding identified by clinician or patient...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Francesca Soldani, Jianhua Wu
Data sourcesThe methodology followed the Cochrane Handbook for systematic reviews of interventions with MEDLINE/PubMed, CENTRAL, Embase and LILACS databases searched. Publication date was limited to 1995-2015 with no restriction on language.Study selectionTwo independent reviewers selected randomised controlled clinical trials involving oral health education provided by a dental care professional to children aged between five and 18 years old within a school setting. Eligible studies were those which had outcomes including caries, plaque accumulation, gingivitis, toothache or tooth loss...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Michelle Michelson, Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesSeveral electronic databases were searched such as Cochrane Oral Health's Trials, Cochrane Library, Medline Ovid, CINAHL EBSCO and AMED Ovid and ongoing registered clinical trials in and in the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. No restriction was placed on language and date of publication.Study selectionThe authors included randomised clinical trials (RCTs) and cross-over trials comparing any pharmacological intervention or any non-pharmacological agent with a control intervention...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Suha Aljudaibi, Brett Duane
Data sourcesA comprehensive literature search in all languages was carried out. Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched the following databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (till 6 October 2016), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 9), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 till October 6th, 2016), Embase Ovid (1980 till October 6th, 2016) and EThOS (till October 6th, 2016). and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Sherry Shiqian Gao
Data sourcesSciVerse Scopus, ISIS Web of Science, Cochrane library, Medline/PubMed. Studies published from 1996 to 2017 in English were considered.Study selectionTwo independent reviewers screened the literature. Randomised clinical trials, non-randomised clinical trials with parallel groups or single group, retrospective studies) evaluating different posterior restorations (class I, class II restorations and crowns) with different materials (amalgam, compomer, composite, glass ionomer cement, stainless steel crown) placed in primary teeth by reporting different outcomes measures (survival rate, success rate, annual failure rate)...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Neeraj Gugnani, Shalini Gugnani
Data sourcesMedline (PubMed), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Virtual Health Library (including Bibliography Brazilian Dentistry and LILACS), Scopus, and ISI Web of Knowledge, Google Scholar, International Standard Registered Clinical/soCial sTudy Number registry, Directory of Open Access Journals, Digital Dissertations and metaRegister of Controlled Trials) and the reference lists of included trials.Study selectionRandomised clinical trials (RCT) on humans including at least one trial arm comparing clinical performance of pit and fissure sealants with any other active, control or placebo were considered...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Arthi Kumar, Silvia Spivakovsky
Data sourcesPubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane, Scielo and Lilacs databases were searched from 1980 to March 2016. Literature reviews were explored in order to retrieve any other relevant papers.Study selectionRandomised controlled studies (RCTs), prospective and before and after studies that applied botulinum toxin (BoNT-A) to the masseter and/or temporalis muscles assessing objective and subjective parameters of bruxism published in English were included.Data extraction and synthesisThree reviewers independently assessed for eligibility...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Ying J Wong
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Trials Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline Ovid, Embase Ovid, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, Zetoc, ISI Web of Knowledge, US National Institutes of Health Ongoing Trials Register, and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform for ongoing trials up to June 2016.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials, split-mouth trials and cluster-randomised trials comparing laser ablation to drill removal of caries with no restriction in language or participants' age...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Debra K Fischoff, Silvia Spivakovsky
Data sourcesMedline via PubMed, the Web of Science and the Cochrane Library were searched until April 2014.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the efficacy of botulinum toxin type A (BoTN-A) with placebo in patients with painful trigeminal (TN) and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) reporting changes in pain intensity in patients aged 19 years and older available in English were included.Data extraction and synthesisThree authors independently assessed for inclusion, extracted standard data and assessed for risk of bias...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Susan J Carson
Data sourcesPubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and reference lists of identified studies.Study selectionObservational studies comparing dental caries and body mass index (BMI) where BMI was clearly defined were considered.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers independently abstracted data using standard forms with study quality being assessed using a modified version of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) methodology checklist for cross-sectional studies. The weighted mean differences and corresponding 95% confidence intervals for dental caries between children with abnormal weight and those with normal weight were analysed...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Silvia Spivakovsky
Data sourcesPubMed/MEDLINE, Science Direct, Web of Science, Scopus and the Cochrane Library were searched until October 2017.Study selectionClinical trials, controlled trials, retrospective studies and case series containing at least ten cases with a minimum follow-up of ten years of patients treated with marsupialisation or decompression with or without enucleation, and enucleation alone evaluating the recurrence rates.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers independently assessed for eligibility and extracted data...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
David McReynolds, Brett Duane
Data sourcesPubMed, Pubmed Clinical Queries, EMBASE, the American Dental Associations Evidence-Based Dentistry Website, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, repository of the Journal of the American Dental Association and Google Scholar.Study selectionFour authors independently assessed the abstracts of studies resulting from the above searches which compared treatment of root caries in an older population with SDF versus other preventive agents or placebos.Data extraction and synthesisTitles and abstracts of all reports identified through the electronic searches were assessed independently by four authors based on agreed upon inclusion and exclusion criteria...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Alessandro Grisa, Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesAn electronic search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library and SciELO databases up to September 2016. References of included studies were also searched. English language restriction was applied.Study selectionClinical monitoring studies with at least six months of follow-up, including retrospective studies, prospective studies, and controlled and randomised clinical trials. Clinical case studies were excluded from the sample and only studies with a minimum of five patients were considered...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Ian Reynolds, Brett Duane
Data sourcesMedline, Embase, OpenGrey, Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Journal of Periodontology and a hand search of the bibliographies of retrieved publications.Study selectionTwo reviewers screened the title and abstract of 1134 studies from the literature and selected 37 suitable publications for inclusion following full text analysis of 109 papers and agreement between both reviewers. The search included observational, epidemiological studies and clinical trials that fufilled the inclusion criteria...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Hani Ayup, Brett Duane
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health's Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline Ovid, Embase Ovid, LILACS, BIREME Virtual Health Library, OpenSIGLE,, the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, Chinese BioMedical Literature Database, VIP (in Chinese), China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Sciencepaper Online. No restrictions on language or date of publication were placed.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared different retrograde ļ¬lling materials, with clinical or radiological assessment for success over a minimum follow-up period of 12 months...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Felicity Borrie
Data sourcesPubmed, Embase, Scopus databases and New York Academy of Medicine Grey Literature Report. There were no restrictions on language and publication dates.Study selectionTwo reviewers selected both prospective and retrospective studies of children who had either been exclusively breastfed or were mixed breastfed; who were in either the primary or mixed dentition, and malocclusion was assessed. The following malocclusion traits were included; Class 2 molar, open-bite, non-spaced dentition and posterior crossbite...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
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