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Evidence-based Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075035/dental-occlusion-and-temporomandibular-disorders
#1
J Caitlin Stone, Andrew Hannah, Nathan Nagar
Data sourcesMedline, Scopus and Google Scholar.Study selectionTwo reviewers selected studies independently. English language clinical studies assessing the association between temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and features of dental occlusion were considered.Data extraction and synthesisStudy quality was assessed based on the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) and a narrative synthesis was presented.ResultsIn all 25 studies (17 case-control, eight comparative) were included. Overall there was a high variability between occlusal features and TMD diagnosis...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075034/dental-treatment-under-general-anaesthetic-and-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#2
Paulo A Martins-Junior
Data sourcesMedline, Scopus and the Web of Science.Study selectionStudies conducted in children under 16 undergoing general anaesthesia having change in oral health-related quality of life were considered. Selection was undertaken by two reviewers independently.Data extraction and synthesisData abstraction was undertaken independently by three groups of two reviewers - discrepancies were resolved by discussion. Study quality was assessed using the Quality Assessment Tool for Studies of Diverse Design (QATSDD)...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075033/little-evidence-available-for-arginine-and-caries-prevention
#3
Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed, the Cochrane Library, Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD) and Embase.Data abstraction and synthesisTwo independent reviewers selected studies, abstracted data and assessed study quality using the GRADE criteria. Meta-analysis was conducted using a random effects model.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials including in situ studies.ResultsSeven studies were included, five conducted in children and two in adults. The two adult studies and one child study were considered to be at high risk of bias...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075032/spontaneous-re-eruption-surgical-or-orthodontic-extrusion-what-is-the-choice-for-intrusive-luxation-in-permanent-teeth
#4
Ahmed Elkhadem, Ahmed Kotb
Data sourcesMedline, Embase, the US Clinical Trials and ISRCTN Registry databases.Study selectionTwo reviewers independently selected studies. Interventional and observational studies comparing the outcomes of orthodontic or surgical re-position of intrusive luxation of permanent teeth compared with spontaneous re-eruption were considered.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers abstracted data and assessed study quality using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool. Periodontal and pulpal outcomes after treatment were compared using risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and meta-analysis conducted...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075031/limited-evidence-for-interventions-to-treat-oral-leukoplakia
#5
Silvia Spivakovsky
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health's Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline Ovid, Embase, Ovid, CancerLit via PubMed. MetaRegister of Controlled Trials, ClinicalTrials.gov and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform were searched for ongoing trials.The reference lists of included studies and existing reviews were manually searched.Study selectionRandomised control trials (RCTs) including patients diagnosed with oral leukoplakia comparing any treatment to placebo or no treatment were included with no restrictions on language or date of publication...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075030/developmental-defects-of-enamel-and-caries-in-primary-teeth
#6
Hayley Foulds
Data sourcesPubMed, Web of Knowledge, Scopus and Scielo.Study selectionTwo reviewers identified studies supervised by a third. Observational studies which investigated the association between developmental defects of enamel and dental caries in the primary dentition, which were assessed by clinical examination and published in English, Spanish or Portuguese.Data extraction and synthesisQuality of research was assessed using the critical appraisal checklist from the Joanna Briggs Institute. Meta-analysis was conducted using crude and adjusted association measures (relative risk and odds ratio) with 95% confidence intervals...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075029/radiographic-prediction-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injury-in-third-molar-surgery
#7
Sergio Uribe
Data sourcesMedline, Embase, relevant dental journals, reference lists of included studies and the World Health Organisation International Clinical Trials Registry.Study selectionStudies evaluating the predictive accuracy of panoramic radiography for postoperative inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury reporting on at least one of the seven signs of IAN injury and providing data to calculate false-positive (FP), true-positive (TP), false-negative (FN) and true-negative (TN) proportions were included.Data extraction and synthesisData were abstracted independently by two reviewers...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075027/mini-implants-for-orthodontic-anchorage
#8
Reint Meursinge Reynders, Luisa Ladu
Data sourcesPubmed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and the Web of Science databases. Hand searches of the journals European Journal of Orthodontics, Journal of Orthodontics, Journal of Clinical Orthodontics, Seminars in Orthodontics, American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics and Angle Orthodontist.Study selectionTwo reviewers independently selected studies. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) of orthodontic patients requiring extraction of the maxillary first premolars and closure of the spaces without anchorage loss were considered...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075025/low-quality-evidence-for-treatment-approaches-for-oro-antral-communications
#9
Marci H Levine, Silvia Spivakovsky
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline via Ovid, Embase via Ovid, US National Institutes of Health Trials Registry and the World Health Organisation (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform were searched until July 2015 followed by hand searching of relevant references.Study selectionUsing no language restrictions, two authors independently assessed for inclusion of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating any intervention for treating oro-antral communications (OAC) and oro-antral fistulae (OAF) due to dental procedures...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075024/the-effectiveness-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-in-arresting-caries
#10
Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed, Embase, Scopus, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Ichushi-web, Biblioteca Virtual en Salud Espana (BVSE) and Biblioteca Virtual em Saude (BVS) databases. There were no limits on language or publication dates.Study selectionTwo reviewers selected prospective clinical studies investigating SDF treatment for caries prevention in children.Data extraction and synthesisData was abstracted independently by two reviewers and risk of bias assessed. Meta-analysis was performed on studies in which the caries-arresting rate using 38% SDF solution on primary teeth could be obtained or calculated...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075023/no-clinical-quantifiable-benefits-between-non-surgical-and-surgical-endodontic-treatment
#11
Debra M Ferrailo, Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesThe authors searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Oral Health Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline Ovid and Embase Ovid. The US National Registry of Clinical Trials (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform were searched for ongoing trials. There were no restrictions regarding language and publication date. The authors hand-searched the reference lists of the studies retrieved and key journals in the field of endodontics...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075022/simplified-complete-dentures
#12
Asim Al-Ansari
Data sourcesMedline and Embase.Study selectionClinical reports, randomised controlled trials, controlled clinical trials and reviews about the simplified fabrication of complete dentures published in English were considered.Data extraction and synthesisA narrative summary is presented.ResultsEleven studies were included, seven of which were randomised controlled trials. Comparisons of time and cost, patient satisfaction, clinical effects, masticatory performance, masticatory ability and professional evaluation were undertaken...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075021/surgical-regenerative-treatment-of-peri-implantitis
#13
Mark Steven-Howe, Derek Richards
Data sourcesOvid, Medline, PubMed, Embase and Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source. Databases were searched from January 2006 to March 2016 and restricted to English, manual searches were also carried out in the relevant major journals.Study selectionTwo reviewers independently selected studies. Human prospective and retrospective observational studies with a minimum sample size of ten implants and involving at least one surgical regenerative treatment method for peri-implantitis were considered. Excluded studies included animal and in vitro studies, patients with uncontrolled systemic disease that put the implant at risk and ceramic or coated implants...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642569/no-evidence-that-bonding-is-needed-for-amalgam-restorations
#14
COMMENT
James R Keenan, Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesRelevant databases were searched for the review such as the Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register, Medline, EMBASE, clinical trials.gov, WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials comparing adhesively bonded versus non-bonded class I and II amalgam restorations in permanent molars and premolars.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers independently screened papers and extracted data.ResultsOne trial with 31 patients who received 113 restorations was included...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642568/treatment-for-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#15
COMMENT
Silvia Spivakovsky
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register, CENTRAL, Medline, Embase, CancerLit, CINAHL, AMED, clinicaltrials.gov and the WHO International Trial Registry Platform. The reviewers searched six grey literature sites and contacted authors, researchers and pharmaceutical companies.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials for the treatment of BRONJ comparing interventions with other treatment or placebo were included in any setting with no age restriction.Data extraction and synthesisIndependently, two reviewers selected studies for inclusion, risk of bias and data extraction...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642567/mouthguard-use-may-reduce-dentofacial-injuries-in-field-hockey-players
#16
COMMENT
Kelvin I Afrashtehfar, Jason Chung
Data sourcesPubMed, Embase, OvidSP, Web of Science, Cochrane and CINAHL databases were searched up to February 2015 with no language restrictions.Study selectionTwo review authors independently assessed tiles and abstracts of the retrieved case-control, cohorts and cross-sectional studies. For the studies to have been included in the meta-analysis, they must have included the total number of hockey players reporting at least one dentofacial injury, the total number of these injuries compared with other types of injuries and quantitative data on characteristics of dentofacial injuries...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642565/no-evidence-available-on-best-therapies-for-postextraction-haemorrhage
#17
COMMENT
Analia Veitz-Keenan, James Keenan
Data sourcesThe review searched for published and ongoing trials in several databases with no restrictions on language or date of publication which included the Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials, Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, CINAHL, Embase, WHO Clinical Trials Registry Platform and clinical trial.gov.Study selectionRandomised clinical trials were considered that evaluated any intervention compared with another or with placebo for treating postoperative bleeding (PEB), post extraction. The primary outcome measures sought were: bleeding, amount of blood loss and cessation time required to control bleeding...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642564/remineralisation-and-arresting-caries-in-children-with-topical-fluorides
#18
COMMENT
Neeraj Gugnani, Shalini Gugnani
Data sourcesThe Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase and the ISI Web of Science.Study selectionEnglish language clinical trials in children with outcome measures including the remineralisation or arresting effect of caries by professional fluoride treatment were considered.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers screened the studies and assessed risk of bias. Random effects meta-analysis was conducted.ResultsSeventeen studies were included, ten focused on remineralisation, seven on arresting carious lesions...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642563/root-canal-treatment-outcomes-not-affected-by-increasing-age-of-patient
#19
COMMENT
Y Jo Wong
Data sourcesMedline, Cochrane CENTRAL databases; most recent two years of seven journals: (Acta Odontologica Scandinavica; Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology; Gerodontology; International Endodontic Journal; Journal of Endodontics; Journal of Oral Rehabilitation; and Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology).Study selectionTooth-based longitudinal prospective and retrospective studies, published in English from January 1950 to August 2013, assessing outcomes of NSRCT in adults with permanent teeth...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642562/what-is-the-methodological-quality-of-published-dental-implant-guidelines
#20
COMMENT
Mark-Steven Howe
Data sourcesSix implant dentistry journals with impact factors (2014) assigned by Journal Citation Reports (Clinical Oral Implants Research, Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, European Journal of Oral Implants, The International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants, Journal of Oral Implantology, and Implant Dentistry) and the Medline database.Study selectionTwo reviewers independently selected guidelines published between May 2009 and February 2016.Data evaluationFollowing training four reviewers independently applied the Agree II tool (http://www...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
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