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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566020/do-parents-of-adolescents-request-the-same-universal-parental-support-as-parents-of-younger-children-a-random-sample-of-swedish-parents
#1
Karin Thorslund, Jan Johansson Hanse, Ulf Axberg
Universal parental support intended to enhance parents' capacity for parenting is an important aspect of public health strategies. However, support has mostly been aimed at parents, especially mothers, of younger children. There is a gap in the research concerning parents of adolescents and fathers' interest in parenting support. AIM: To investigate and compare the interest in parenting support of parents of adolescents and younger children, potential differences between mothers and fathers, and their knowledge of what is being offered to them already, and to explore their requirements for future universal parental support...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566013/sexual-harassment-and-menstrual-disorders-among-italian-university-women-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#2
P Romito, C Cedolin, F Bastiani, L Beltramini, M J Saurel-Cubizolles
AIMS: Menstrual disorders and sexual harassment are common among young women and interfere with their life and activities. We aimed to describe the association of sexual harassment and menstrual disorders among female university students. METHODS: This cross-sectional, observational study examined the association between sexual harassment and menstrual disorders in a sample of 349 university students in Italy. Students answered an anonymous self-administered questionnaire...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565995/intervention-study-on-school-meal-habits-in-norwegian-10-12-year-old-children
#3
Kristine E IlløKken, Elling Bere, Nina C Øverby, Renate Høiland, Kirsten O Petersson, Frøydis N Vik
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether a free school meal every day was associated with children's intake of healthy food during school. METHODS: A non-randomized study design with an intervention and a control group was used to measure change in children's meal habits at lunchtime. In total, 164 children participated; 55 in the intervention group and 109 in the control group. Children in the intervention group were served a free, healthy school meal every school day...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565939/homicide-in-the-western-family-and-background-factors-of-a-perpetrator
#4
Anna Liisa Aho, Anni Remahl, Eija Paavilainen
AIMS: Familicide is a multiple-victim homicide incident in which the killer's spouse and one or more children are slain. A systematic review was conducted to reveal the background factors of western homicide perpetrators. METHODS: The systematic search was performed in the Arto, Medic, Cinahl, Medline, EBSCOhost Academic Search Premier and Social Services abstracts databases. The keywords were familicide, family homicide, familicide-suicide, filicide-suicide, extended suicide, child, murder, family, filicide and infanticide...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482752/childhood-family-structure-and-women-s-adult-overweight-risk-a-longitudinal-study
#5
M Pia Chaparro, Xavier de Luna, Jenny Häggström, Anneli Ivarsson, Urban Lindgren, Karina Nilsson, Ilona Koupil
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether women's adult overweight and obesity risk was associated with their childhood family structure, measured as their mothers' marital status history, during the women's first 18 years of life. METHODS: Using linked register data, we analyzed 30,584 primiparous women born in Sweden in 1975 who were between 19-35 years of age when their height and pre-pregnancy weight was recorded. The outcomes were women's overweight/obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) and the predictor was mothers' marital status history, which was summarized using sequence analysis...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403680/examining-the-relationship-between-child-maltreatment-and-school-performance-in-public-schools-in-saudi-arabia-a-pilot-study
#6
Dana Altamimi, Maha Almuneef, Fadia Albuhairan, Hassan Saleheen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between child maltreatment (CM) and school performance among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in 2014. The enrolment criteria included both male and female Saudi students ( n=674; 52.7% male) aged 12-19 years ( Mage=15.6±1.6 years), attending intermediate and secondary schools belonging to the Ministry of National Guard. A self-administered questionnaire was used to gather information on different forms of abuse that had occurred in the past or were currently occurring...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385059/maternal-alcohol-and-tobacco-consumption-and-the-association-with-their-9-to-14-year-old-children-s-body-mass-index
#7
Rejane Augusta de Oliveira Figueiredo, Eva Roos, Johan G Eriksson, Sabina Simola-Ström, Elisabete Weiderpass
AIMS: Little is known about impact of maternal alcohol and tobacco consumption on adolescents' body size. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether maternal alcohol or tobacco consumption is associated with their children's body size in adolescence, assessed by Body Mass Index (BMI). METHODS: This study was conduct in subjects recruited into the Finnish Health in Teens cohort (Fin-HIT) between 2011 and 2014. A total of 4525 subjects aged between 9 and 14 years and their mothers or female adults responsible for the children were analysed...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385056/spatial-social-polarization-and-birth-outcomes-preterm-birth-and-infant-mortality-new-york-city-2010-14
#8
M Huynh, J Spasojevic, W Li, G Maduro, G Van Wye, P D Waterman, N Krieger
AIMS: This study assessed the relationship between spatial social polarization measured by the index of the concentration of the extremes (ICE) and preterm birth (PTB) and infant mortality (IM) in New York City. A secondary aim was to examine the ICE measure in comparison to neighborhood poverty. METHODS: The sample included singleton births to adult women in New York City, 2010-2014 ( n=532,806). Three ICE measures were employed at the census tract level: ICE - Income (persons in households in the bottom vs top 20th percentile of US annual household income), ICE -Race/Ethnicity (black non-Hispanic vs white non-Hispanic populations), and ICE - Income + Race/Ethnicity combined...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381132/new-hypotheses-regarding-the-danish-health-puzzle
#9
May Bakah, Dennis Raphael
AIMS: Nordic welfare states have achieved admirable population health profiles as a result of public policies that provide economic and social security across the life course. Denmark has been an exception to this rule, as its life expectances and infant mortality rates since the mid-1970s have lagged behind the other Nordic nations and, in the case of life expectancy, behind most Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development nations. METHODS: In this review paper, we identify a number of new hypotheses for why this may be the case...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381123/job-satisfaction-is-more-than-a-fruit-basket-health-checks-and-free-exercise-cross-sectional-sectional-study-among-10-000-wage-earners
#10
Lars L Andersen, David Fishwick, Edward Robinson, Noortje M Wiezer, Zofia Mockałło, Vincent Grosjean
AIM: Workers who are satisfied with their job are the cornerstones of healthy and productive companies. This study investigated factors associated with job satisfaction in the general working population. METHODS: From the 2010 round of the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study, currently employed wage earners ( N=10,427) replied to questions about work, lifestyle and health. Multinomial logistic regression controlled for sex, age, job group, smoking, body mass index, chronic disease and general health assessed the association between work factors and job satisfaction (very satisfied and satisfied, respectively, with unsatisfied as reference)...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381121/the-association-of-health-and-voluntary-early-retirement-pension-and-the-modifying-effect-of-quality-of-supervision-results-from-a-danish-register-based-follow-up-study
#11
Astrid de Wind, Hermann Burr, Anne Pohrt, Hans Martin Hasselhorn, Allard Johan Van der Beek, Reiner Rugulies
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this article are to (1) determine whether and to what extent general perceived health and quality of supervision predict voluntary early retirement pension (VERP) and (2) assess whether quality of supervision modifies the association between general perceived health and VERP. METHODS: Employees aged 49-64 years who participated in the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study in 2000 were selected. Their questionnaire data about health and work were linked to register data on social transfer payments, among others VERP, from 2001 to 2012 in the Danish Register for Evaluation of Marginalization ( N=1167)...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381119/towards-a-postponement-of-activities-of-daily-living-dependence-and-mobility-limitations-trends-in-healthy-life-years-in-old-age-in-sweden
#12
Mårten Lagergren, Kristina Johnell, Pär Schön, Maria Danielsson
AIMS: To investigate the development of healthy life expectancy from 65 years (HLE65) in Sweden in the period 1980-2011 using the health indicators activities of daily living (ADL) and mobility limitations within the framework of the postponement, compression and expansion theories. METHODS: Sources of data for the HLE computations were Swedish national mortality statistics and the nationwide Swedish Surveys of Living Conditions, conducted biennially by Statistics Sweden since 1974...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539109/persistent-social-inequality-in-life-expectancy-and-disability-free-life-expectancy-outlook-for-a-differential-pension-age-in-denmark
#13
Henrik Brønnum-Hansen, Mette Lindholm Eriksen, Karen Andersen-Ranberg, Bernard Jeune
AIMS: The state old-age pension in Denmark increases to keep pace with the projected increase in average life expectancy (LE) without any regard to the social gap in LE and expected lifetime in good health. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in LE and disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) between groups of Danes with high, medium and low levels of education. METHODS: Nationwide register data on education and mortality were combined with data from the Surveys of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) surveys in 2006-2007, 2010-2011 and 2013-2014 and the DFLE by educational level was estimated by Sullivan's method for each of these three time points...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539108/a-widened-scope-of-the-source-of-adhd
#14
Aksel Tjora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482754/adhd-treatment-and-diagnosis-in-relation-to-children-s-birth-month-nationwide-cohort-study-from-norway
#15
Øystein Karlstad, Kari Furu, Camilla Stoltenberg, Siri E Håberg, Inger Johanne Bakken
BACKGROUND: Studies from several countries have reported that children youngest in grade are at higher risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis and treatment. Norwegian children start school the year they turn six, making children born in December youngest in their grade. We used data on medication, specialist healthcare diagnoses, and primary healthcare diagnoses from national registers to investigate associations between birth month and ADHD. METHODS: All children born in Norway between 1998 and 2006 ( N=509,827) were followed from age six until 31 December 2014...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385116/gender-differences-in-subjective-health-complaints-in-adolescence-the-roles-of-self-esteem-stress-from-schoolwork-and-body-dissatisfaction
#16
Fiona Aanesen, Eivind Meland, Steffen Torp
AIMS: The aims of this study were to examine subjective health complaints among Norwegian adolescents and assess the development of gender differences in subjective health complaints between age 14 and 16; to investigate whether self-esteem, stress from schoolwork or body dissatisfaction affected adolescents' subjective health complaints; and determine whether these factors could explain the excess of subjective health complaints among girls. METHODS: We used multiple linear regression analyses to analyse longitudinal survey data from 751 Norwegian adolescents at the ages of 14 and 16...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385109/validation-of-a-questionnaire-to-measure-youth-friendliness-of-swedish-youth-clinics
#17
Desire Malm, Linn Bishop, Per Gustafsson, Anna-Karin Waenerlund, Isabel Goicolea
AIM: This study presents the validation process of a tool to assess the youth-friendliness of Swedish youth clinics, based on the Youth-Friendly Health Services - World Health Organization Plus (YFHS-WHO+) questionnaire but adapted to the specific context of differentiated services catering only for young people in this country. METHODS: The validation process followed five steps: (1) translation, (2) revision by professionals, (3) pretests with young people, (4) back-translation and discussion with the developers of the original YFHS-WHO+ questionnaire and (5) internal consistency and test-retest reliability testing...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385066/predictive-validity-of-the-work-ability-index-and-its-individual-items-in-the-general-population
#18
Andreas Lundin, Ola Leijon, Marjan Vaez, Mats Hallgren, Margareta Torgén
AIM: This study assesses the predictive ability of the full Work Ability Index (WAI) as well as its individual items in the general population. METHODS: The Work, Health and Retirement Study (WHRS) is a stratified random national sample of 25-75-year-olds living in Sweden in 2000 that received a postal questionnaire ( n = 6637, response rate = 53%). Current and subsequent sickness absence was obtained from registers. The ability of the WAI to predict long-term sickness absence (LTSA; ⩾ 90 consecutive days) during a period of four years was analysed by logistic regression, from which the Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve (AUC) was computed...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382831/psychometric-properties-of-the-five-item-version-of-the-mindful-awareness-attention-scale-maas-in-norwegian-adolescents
#19
Otto R F Smith, Ole Melkevik, Oddrun Samdal, Torill M Larsen, Ellen Haug
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to examine the factor structure, model-based reliability, measurement invariance and concurrent validity of the five-item version of the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) in Norwegian adolescents. METHODS: An initial pilot study was carried out using a sample of 77 fifteen year olds. For the main analyses, a sample of 2140 Norwegian adolescents was used who participated in the cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381203/public-health-benefits-of-hair-mercury-analysis-and-dietary-advice-in-lowering-methylmercury-exposure-in-pregnant-women
#20
Line E Kirk, Jan S Jørgensen, Flemming Nielsen, Philippe Grandjean
AIMS: To evaluate whether a public health intervention using focused dietary advice combined with a hair-mercury analysis can lower neurotoxic methylmercury exposure among pregnant women without decreasing their overall intake of seafood. METHODS: A total of 146 pregnant women were consecutively recruited from the antenatal clinic at a Danish university hospital at their initial ultrasound scan. Dietary advice was provided on avoiding methylmercury exposure from large predatory fish and a hair sample from each participant was analysed for mercury, with the results being communicated shortly thereafter to the women...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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