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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927351/public-health-terminology-hindrance-to-a-health-in-all-policies-approach
#1
Ellen S Synnevåg, Roar Amdam, Elisabeth Fosse
AIM: National public health policies in Norway are based on a Health in All Policies (HiAP) approach. At the local level, this means that public health, as a cross-sectional responsibility, should be implemented in all municipal sectors by integrating public health policies in municipal planning and management systems. The paper investigates these local processes, focusing on the use of public health terminology and how this terminology is translated from national to local contexts. We ask whether the terms 'public health' and 'public health work' are suitable when implementing an HiAP approach...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925813/what-patients-think-about-choice-in-healthcare-a-study-on-primary-care-services-in-finland
#2
Anna-Mari Aalto, Marko Elovainio, Liina-Kaisa Tynkkynen, Eeva Reissell, Tuulikki Vehko, Miisa Chydenius, Timo Sinervo
BACKGROUND: The ongoing Finnish health and social service reform will expand choice by opening the market for competition between public and private service providers. This study examined the attitudes of primary care patients towards choice and which patient-related factors are associated with these attitudes. METHODS: A sample of attenders during one week in health centres of 12 big cities and municipal consortiums (including seven outsourced local units) and in primary care units of one private company providing outsourced services for municipalities (aged 18-95, n=8128) was used...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915770/helmet-induced-headache-among-danish-military-personnel
#3
Zakia Rahmani, Aneta Kochanek, Jesper Johnsen Astrup, Jeppe Nørgaard Poulsen, Parisa Gazerani
AIMS: External compression headache is defined as a headache caused by an external physical compression applied on the head. It affects about 4% of the general population; however, certain populations (e.g. construction workers and military personnel) with particular needs of headwear or helmet are at higher risk of developing this type of headache. External compression headache is poorly studied in relation to specific populations. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and pattern of helmet-induced external compression headache among Danish military personnel of the Northern Jutland region in Denmark...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915767/sick-leave-among-people-in-paid-work-after-age-65-a-swedish-population-based-study-covering-1995-2000-2005-and-2010
#4
K Farrants, S Marklund, L Kjeldgård, J Head, K Alexanderson
AIMS: Extending working life into older age groups is discussed in many countries. However, there is no knowledge about how this affects rates of sick leave. The aim of this work was to investigate rates of sick leave among people in paid work after retirement age and if such rates have changed over time. METHODS: Swedish nationwide register data on people aged >65 years and living in Sweden in 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010 were analysed. All people with a sufficiently high work income to be eligible for public sick leave benefits were included...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914587/self-rated-health-and-social-capital-in-iraqi-immigrants-to-sweden-the-medim-population-based-study
#5
Louise Bennet, Martin Lindström
OBJECTIVES: Poor self-rated health is an estimator of quality of life and a predictor of mortality seldom studied in immigrant populations. This work aimed to study self-rated health in relation to social capital, socioeconomic status, lifestyle and comorbidity in immigrants from Iraq - one of the largest non-European immigrant group in Sweden today - and to compare it with the self-rated health of native Swedes. DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional population-based study conducted from 2010 to 2012 among citizens of Malmö, Sweden, aged 30-65 years and born in Iraq or Sweden...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914585/planning-future-care-services-analyses-of-investments-in-norwegian-municipalities
#6
Terje P Hagen, Laila Tingvold
AIMS: To analyse whether the Norwegian Central Government's goal of subsidizing 12,000 places in nursing homes or sheltered housing using an earmarked grant was reached and to determine towards which group of users the planned investments were targeted. METHODS: Data from the investment plans at municipal level were provided by the Norwegian Housing Bank and linked to variables describing the municipalities' financial situation as well as variables describing the local needs for services provided by Statistics Norway...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914177/sedentariness-and-weight-status-related-to-ses-and-family-characteristics-in-italian-adults-exploring-geographic-variability-through-multilevel-models
#7
Domenica Matranga, Garden Tabacchi, Donatella Cangialosi
AIM: In this study, our aim was to assess the prevalence of sedentariness and overweight/obesity, two modifiable risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and to investigate the geographic variability in their association with socio-economic status (SES) and family characteristics in Italian adults. METHODS: The Multipurpose Survey on Health Conditions and the Recourse to Health Services (MSHC), 2012/2013 edition, conducted by the National Institute of Statistics was used as data source...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914164/the-danish-national-youth-study-2014-study-design-population-characteristics-and-non-response-analysis
#8
Veronica Pisinger, Stine Schou Mikkelsen, Pernille Bendtsen, Kia Kejlskov Egan, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup
AIMS: This paper aims to give a description of the Danish National Youth Study 2014 in terms of study design, study population and questionnaire content. The differences between participants and non-participants regarding socioeconomic characteristics are also described. METHODS: The Danish National Youth Study 2014 was a web-based survey with data collected through self-completion questionnaires administered in the classroom. There were two questionnaires: one for students, with >250 core questions; and one for school leaders on the school environment...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905684/distinctive-role-of-income-in-the-all-cause-mortality-among-working-age-migrants-and-the-settled-population-in-finland-a-follow-up-study-from-2001-to-2014
#9
Kishan Patel, Anne Kouvonen, Aki Koskinen, Lauri Kokkinen, Michael Donnelly, Dermot O'Reilly, Ari Vaananen
BACKGROUND: Although income level may play a significant part in mortality among migrants, previous research has not focused on the relationship between income, migration and mortality risk. The aim of this register study was to compare all-cause mortality by income level between different migrant groups and the majority settled population of Finland. METHODS: A random sample was drawn of 1,058,391 working age people (age range 18-64 years; 50.4% men) living in Finland in 2000 and linked to mortality data from 2001 to 2014...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868977/family-members-and-best-friend-s-smoking-influence-on-adolescent-smoking-differs-between-eastern-finland-and-russian-karelia
#10
Annamari Lastunen, Tiina Laatikainen, Hannu Isoaho, Galina Lazutkina, Kerttu Tossavainen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to find out whether family members' (mother, father, siblings) and best friend's smoking is related to 9th grade pupils' daily smoking in Eastern Finland and in the Pitkäranta district, in the Republic of Karelia, Russia, and whether these relations have changed in these two culturally very different neighbourhood countries from 1995 to 2013. METHODS: Data comprised four cross-sectional studies in all schools of the Pitkäranta region and selected schools in Eastern Finland...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847223/compulsory-school-achievement-and-gambling-among-men-and-women-aged-18-29-in-finland
#11
Tiina Latvala, Sari Castrén, Hannu Alho, Anne Salonen
AIMS: This study aims to explore the associations between final compulsory school grades and gambling and their relation to substance use and perceived mental health among people aged 18-29 in Finland (N = 831). METHODS: Cross-sectional random sample data, weighted on the basis of age, gender and region of residence, were collected in 2015. The data were analysed using logistic regression models adjusted for sociodemographic variables, risky alcohol use, daily smoking, and perceived mental health...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847220/vaccine-hesitancy-and-trust-ethical-aspects-of-risk-communication
#12
Jessica Nihlén Fahlquist
AIM: This paper analyses vaccination policy from an ethical perspective, against the background of the growing hesitancy towards e.g. the measles vaccine. METHODS: The paper is normative and analyses ethical aspects of risk communication in the context of vaccination. It is argued that ethical analysis of risk communication should be done at the level of the message, the procedure and the effects. The paper takes examples from the Swedish context, linking the current lack of trust in experts to the 2009 vaccination policy and communication promoting the H1N1 vaccine Pandemrix...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847207/employment-effects-of-a-multidisciplinary-health-assessment-for-mentally-ill-persons-a-quasi-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Jan Høgelund, Lene Falgaard Eplov
AIM: Relatively little is known about the effectiveness of return-to-work interventions for employees sick-listed with mental disorders, and the results of the literature are contradictory. This study evaluated the return-to-work effect of a multidisciplinary health assessment for persons sick-listed with mental disorders. METHODS: The study population consisted of 244 persons who were allocated to the treatment and control groups based on their birth year. In addition to the usual case management, the treatment group ( n = 83) was assessed by a team consisting of a case manager, a psychiatrist, and a job coach...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844186/austerity-and-the-new-age-of-population-health
#14
Mark A Green
The Great Recession of 2007-2008 saw the largest period of economic downturn since the Second World War or the Great Depression of the 1930s. Recessions, however, tend not to have a significant impact on population health. Rather it is how society and governments respond to a recession that has a larger impact on their populations. The dominant political response to the Great Recession was the introduction of austerity programmes aimed at reducing the size of the state. In this Commentary, I briefly review the state of evidence on the changes in population health during austerity...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844185/language-as-a-determinant-of-participation-rates-in-finnish-health-examination-surveys
#15
Hanna Tolonen, Päivikki Koponen, Katja Borodulin, Satu Männistö, Markku Peltonen, Erkki Vartiainen
AIM: A high participation rate is considered as a prerequisite for representative survey results, especially when it is known that non-participation is selective. In many countries migration is increasing and the proportion of people speaking other language(s) than the official language(s) of the country is also increasing. How does this affect survey participation rates? METHODS: Data from four cross-sectional health examination surveys (the FINRISK Study) were used to evaluate the effect of the registered mother tongue to participation in the survey...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830297/measuring-subjective-well-being-for-policy-purposes-the-example-of-well-being-indicators-in-the-who-health-2020-framework
#16
Mari Hagtvedt Vik, Erik Carlquist
AIMS: This article discusses the rationale for measuring national well-being, and examines the use of subjectively oriented well-being measures in the context of public policy. Recent years have witnessed growing attention towards the concept and measurement of well-being, both within academic disciplines, intergovernmental organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) as well as in many governments across Europe, including the Nordic countries. Economic indicators have commonly been regarded as proxies of societal progress of nations, but indicators of well-being have increasingly been applied in order to complement or replace these measures...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825350/validation-of-the-norwegian-version-of-the-work-related-sense-of-coherence-scale
#17
Karoline Grødal, Siw Tone Innstrand, Georg F Bauer, Gørill Haugan, Toril Rannestad, Beate André
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the work-related sense of coherence scale, which measures the perceived comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness of an individual's current work situation. METHODS: Factorial validity, convergent and discriminant validity of the factors, as well as scale reliability were tested with confirmatory factor analyses among two samples of employees in higher education institutions ( N = 6951) and nursing homes ( N = 558)...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823229/occupational-class-inequalities-in-disability-retirement-after-hospitalisation
#18
Olli Pietiläinen, Mikko Laaksonen, Eero Lahelma, Aino Salonsalmi, Ossi Rahkonen
AIMS: This study aimed to investigate whether hospitalisation is associated with increased risk of disability retirement differently across four occupational classes. METHODS: 170,510 employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland were followed from 1990 to 2013 using national registers for hospitalisations and disability retirement. Increases in the risk of disability retirement after hospitalisation for any cause, cardiovascular diseases, musculoskeletal disorders, mental disorders, malignant neoplasms, respiratory diseases and injuries were assessed across four occupational classes: professional, semi-professional, routine non-manual and manual, using competing risks models...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823224/how-to-understand-informal-caregiving-patterns-in-europe-the-role-of-formal-long-term-care-provisions-and-family-care-norms
#19
Ellen Verbakel
AIMS: Motivated by ageing populations, healthcare policies increasingly emphasize the role of informal care. This study examines how prevalence rates of informal caregivers and intensive caregivers (i.e. those who provide informal care for at least 11 hours a week) vary between European countries, and to what extent informal caregiving and intensive caregiving relate to countries' formal long-term care provisions and family care norms. METHODS: Multilevel logistic regression analyses on data from the European Social Survey Round 7 ( n = 32,894 respondents in n = 19 countries) were used to test (a) contradicting hypotheses regarding the role of formal long-term care provisions based on crowding-out, crowding-in and specialization arguments and (b) the hypothesis that strong family care norms are positively related to (intensive) informal caregiving...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823218/cancer-and-depression-a-comparison-of-cancer-victims-with-the-general-population-findings-from-the-european-social-survey-2014
#20
Gerd Inger Ringdal, Kristen Ringdal
AIMS: An increasing number of people in Europe are living with cancer, either as an active disease or as a past experience. Depressive symptoms may impair quality of life in cancer patients and may constitute increased risks for disability, as well as being a risk factor for increased mortality. Our study compared self-reported symptoms of depression in people who currently or previously have experienced cancer with self-reported symptoms of depression in the general population. METHODS: Our study was based on data from the European Social Survey 2014, with representative samples from 19 countries...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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