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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

Anne Werner, Kirsti Malterud
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore informal adult support experienced by children with parental alcohol problems to understand how professionals can show recognition in a similar way. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative interview study with retrospective accounts from nine adults growing up with problem-drinking parents. Data were analysed with systematic text condensation. Goffman's concept "frame" offered a lens to study how supportive situations were defined and to understand opportunities and limitations for translation of recognition acts and attitudes to professional contexts...
November 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Charlotte Ørsted Hougaard, Else Nygaard, Astrid Ledgaard Holm, Karsten Thielen, Finn Diderichsen
AIMS: The globalized economy has stimulated mobility in the labour market in many countries and Denmark has one of the highest rates of mobility between workplaces among the OECD countries. This raises the question of the potential health effects of mobility and the effect of disease on mobility. METHODS: This study was register-based with a longitudinal design using data on the entire Danish population in 1992-2006. The data included mobility between employers and workplaces and seven different diseases based on admissions to hospital and drug prescriptions...
November 24, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Christine Persson Osowski, Wulf Becker, Heléne Enghardt Barbieri, Anna Karin Lindroos
AIMS: School lunches are provided free in Sweden, although some children choose not to eat school lunch. The aim of this study was to analyse Swedish children's total energy and nutrient intakes on weekdays by the frequency of school lunch consumption and to analyse energy and nutrient intakes from school lunches by sex. Factors associated with children's school lunch habits were also studied. METHODS: Children in grades 2 and 5 (n=1905) completed a food diary (school lunch data available for 1840 children) and the mean energy and nutrient intakes per day and per school lunch were calculated...
November 24, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Mihaela Vancea, Mireia Utzet
BACKGROUND: The impact of unemployment and precarious employment on the health of young people is not well understood. However, according to social causation, higher socio-economic positions and thus better working conditions are beneficial to health in general. We tried to synthesize the results of studies that test this hypothesis in the case of young people. METHODS: We conducted a scoping study mapping all the academic articles published in the period 2006-2016 in Europe...
November 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Alexander Miething, Ylva B Almquist, Christofer Edling, Jens Rydgren, Mikael Rostila
AIMS: This study explored the sex-specific associations between friendship trust and the psychological well-being of young Swedes from late adolescence to early adulthood. METHODS: A random sample of native Swedes born in 1990 was surveyed at age 19 years and again at age 23 years regarding their own well-being and their relationships with a maximum of five self-named peers. The response rate was 31.3%, resulting in 782 cases to be analysed. We used sex-stratified structural equation models to explore the associations between trust and well-being...
November 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Kristina Sonmark, Bitte Modin
AIM: This study explores the association between the psychosocial work environment in school and students' somatic health complaints. With its point of departure from the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) model, the aim was to examine how aspects of decision control and social support can moderate stress-related health implications of high psychological demands. METHODS: Data come from two cross-sectional waves of the Swedish version of Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC 2005/2006 and 2009/2010), which consists of a total of 9427 11-, 13- and 15-year-old students...
November 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Veera Veromaa, Hannu Kautiainen, Ulla Saxen, Kirsi Malmberg-Ceder, Elina Bergman, Päivi E Korhonen
AIMS: Ideal cardiovascular health has been defined by the American Heart Association as the absence of disease and the presence of seven key health factors and behaviours. However, little is known about the mental aspects associated with ideal cardiovascular health metrics. The objective of this study was to assess the relationships between psychosocial risk factors and ideal cardiovascular health metrics among Finnish women at municipal work units. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Finland among 732 female employees (mean±SD age 48±10 years) from ten work units in 2014...
November 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Gudrun Nina Oskarsdottir, Hedinn Sigurdsson, Kristjan G Gudmundsson
AIMS: Tobacco is a major cause of disease and mortality in modern times. The risk of smoking in pregnancy is a serious threat to the development and future health of an unborn child. The aim of this study was to explore the epidemiological factors associated with smoking during pregnancy in a primary healthcare setting. METHODS: All 856 maternity records at the Glaesibaer Health Care Centre in Reykjavik during 2006-2013 were reviewed and information on smoking habits investigated...
October 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Rachel Calam
Early adverse experiences can precede long-term negative effects on physical health. Children experiencing armed conflict, flight and displacement, and refugee life may be at enhanced risk. Recent psychobiological models integrating knowledge about perinatal and childhood stress with susceptibility to chronic illnesses in later life make clear the pressing need for protective provision for war-affected children, who experience multiple traumas and continuing stressors. There is increasing recognition of the mechanisms linking physical and mental health with adult diseases seen as developmental disorders with origins early in life...
October 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Mats Målqvist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ieva Reine, Edward Palmer, Karin Sonnander
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyse gender differences in wellbeing, as related to work status, among working-age people with severe impairments. METHODS: This study is based on register and survey data for a sample of 7298 persons, drawn from the entire Swedish population of 15,515 working-age people 16-64 years old who, at the end of 2010, received Sweden's unique personal assistance allowance, an allowance paid from the Swedish Social Insurance Agency (SSIA) to persons with severe impairments, enabling them to pay for assistants to support them in the functions of daily life...
September 27, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Neelam Dehal, Kewal Krishan, Amarjeet Singh, Tanuj Kanchan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Kjersti Lundetræ, Egil Gabrielsen
AIMS: This study investigated the association between literacy skills and self-reported health among Danish (n = 7284), Finnish (n = 5454), Norwegian (n = 4942) and Swedish (n = 4555) participants aged 16-65 years. METHODS: Logistic regression models were used to assess the association between literacy skills and self-reported health after adjusting for sex, age and educational level. RESULTS: Nordic participants aged 16-65 years with literacy skills at the lowest level reported sub-optimal health more often (28-37%) than those with literacy skills at the highest level (7-9%)...
September 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Carolin Schanner, Aura Falck, Antti Keskitalo, Nina Hautala
AIMS: This study evaluated the influence of diabetes on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores of adult patients with diabetes in northern Finland. METHODS: A total of 3771 patients of the population of 10,264 patients aged ⩾15 years with the right for reimbursement of the cost of diabetes medication attended fundus photography screening for retinopathy in 2012. The 15D HRQoL scores and data on age, sex, type and duration of diabetes were gathered concurrently...
September 21, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
M K R Kjøllesdal, I Ariansen, L H Mortensen, G Davey Smith, Ø Næss
AIMS: To explore the confounding effects of early family factors shared by siblings and cardiovascular risk factors in midlife on the educational differences in mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Data from national and regional health surveys in Norway (1974-2003) were linked with data from the Norwegian Family Based Life Course Study, the National Educational Registry and the Cause of Death Registry. The study population consisted of participants with at least one full sibling among the health survey participants (n=271,310)...
September 21, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Olli Paakkari, Minna Torppa, Lasse Kannas, Leena Paakkari
AIMS: The present paper focuses on the measurement of health literacy (HL), which is an important determinant of health and health behaviours. HL starts to develop in childhood and adolescence; hence, there is a need for instruments to monitor HL among younger age groups. These instruments are still rare. The aim of the project reported here was, therefore, to develop a brief, multidimensional, theory-based instrument to measure subjective HL among school-aged children. METHODS: The development of the instrument covered four phases: item generation based on a conceptual framework; a pilot study (n = 405); test-retest (n = 117); and construction of the instrument (n = 3853)...
September 21, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Julie C Kendall, Eleanor Boyle, Jan Hartvigsen, Lars G Hvid, Michael F Azari, Mathias Skjødt, Paolo Caserotti
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the associations between neck pain, concerns of falling and physical performance in older people. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 423 community-dwelling Danes aged 75 years and older. Measures consisted of self-reported neck pain, physical performance (Short Physical Performance Battery), self-reported psychological concerns related to falling (Falls Efficacy Scale International), depression (Major Depression Inventory), cognitive function (Mini Mental State Examination), self-reported low-back pain and self-reported history of falls...
August 31, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Tomi Lintonen, Janne Härkönen, Kirsimarja Raitasalo, Tommi Härkänen, Pia Mäkelä
AIMS: Unlike adults, abstaining has increased and regular use of alcohol has decreased among 12-16-year-olds over the past two decades. The paper studies whether these developments will be continued as the adolescent cohorts come of age. METHODS: The Adolescent Health and Lifestyle Survey is a nationally representative monitoring system of the health habits of 12-, 14-, 16-, and 18-year-old Finns, conducted biannually between 1981 and 2013. The prevalence of alcohol use and drunkenness were measured for each 5-year cohort born in 1967-1995...
August 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Carina Petersson, Ulla Peterson, Katarina Swahnberg, Marie Oscarsson
AIM: The objective was to describe the exchange students' health and sexual behaviour associated with their exchange studies, and examine the extent to which they had received preventive efforts against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infection (STI) and safer sex before departure. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted based on a web survey with questions about sexual behaviour, self-esteem and psychological well-being. Data were analysed using descriptive and analytical statistics...
August 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Sakari Suominen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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