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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

Anette Andersen, Lotus S Bast, Pernille Due, Lau C Thygesen
AIMS: Review studies on the long-term effects of school-based smoking interventions show mixed results. X:IT was a three-year cluster randomized controlled trial to prevent uptake of smoking among Danish students from age 13 years until age 15 years which previously proved effective in preventing smoking after the first year of intervention. The aim of this paper was to conduct the pre-planned analyses of the effects of the X:IT intervention on smoking after the second year. METHODS: We used self-reported questionnaire data from students at baseline, first, second, and third follow-up ( n at second follow-up=3269, response rate=79...
September 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Veronica S C Pisinger, Keith Hawton, Janne S Tolstrup
AIM: Strong associations have been found between being exposed to self-harm in family and friends and own self-harm in adolescence. Therefore, self-harm and suicide behaviour might tend to cluster within school and school classes. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence, frequency and type of self-harm, suicide ideation and suicide attempts within Danish high schools and to test whether self-harm and suicide behaviour cluster in schools and school classes. METHODS: Data came from the Danish National Youth Study 2014, a national survey...
September 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Randi Jepsen, Cecilie Lindström Egholm, John Brodersen, Erik Simonsen, Jesper Grarup, Arne Cyron, Christina Ellervik, Knud Rasmussen
INTRODUCTION: Lolland-Falster consists of two islands in the southern part of Denmark where income is lower and life expectancy is shorter than in the general Danish population. It is a mixed rural-provincial area with approximately 100,000 inhabitants. The Lolland-Falster Health Study was initiated to gain knowledge on the determinants of health in this disadvantaged area. METHODS: The study is a household-based prospective cohort study including people of all ages...
September 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Marit Eika Jørgensen, Christina Ellervik, Ola Ekholm, Nanna Borup Johansen, Bendix Carstensen
BACKGROUND: Up-to-date information on undiagnosed type 2 diabetes and prediabetes based on current diagnostic criteria is lacking. The study aimed to model the total numbers of people with undiagnosed type 2 diabetes and prediabetes in Denmark based on existing population-based surveys. METHODS: Two population-based Danish studies with information on HbA1c , date of examination, gender, age and known type 2 diabetes were identified: the Danish General Suburban Population Study, n = 21,205, and the Danish Health Examination Survey, n = 18,065...
September 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Laura Keaver, Benshuai Xu, Abbygail Jaccard, Laura Webber
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity (body mass index ⩾40 kg/m2 ) carries a higher risk of non-communicable disease and is associated with more complex health issues and challenges than obesity body mass index ≥30kg/m2 and <40kg/m2, resulting in much higher financial implications for health systems. Although obesity trends have previously been projected to 2035, these projections do not separate morbid obesity from obesity. This study therefore complements these projections and looks at the prevalence and development of morbid obesity in the UK...
August 30, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Anna-Karin Waenerlund, Paola A Mosquera, Per E Gustafsson, Miguel San Sebastián
AIMS: Research is scarce regarding studies on income and educational inequality trends in cardiovascular disease in Sweden. The aim of this study was to assess trends in educational and income inequalities in first hospitalizations due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) from 1993 to 2010 among middle-aged women and men in Northern Sweden. METHODS: The study comprised repeated cross-sectional register data from year 1993-2010 of all individuals aged 38-62 years enrolled in the Västerbotten Intervention Programme (VIP)...
August 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Marie Høstrup Andersen, Laila Ottesen, Lone Friis Thing
AIM: The aim of this article was to review the international scientific research literature about the social and psychological health outcomes associated with participation in team sport and to synthesise the key issues about team sport as a health-promoting activity. METHODS: The methodological framework guiding the review process is the integrative research review. A search of 10 key electronic databases was conducted to identify both quantitative and qualitative studies addressing the social and/or psychological health outcomes from participation in a team sport...
August 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Donna M Wilson, Stephen Birch
AIMS: Most people approaching the end of life develop care needs, which typically change over time. Moves between care settings may be required as health deteriorates. However, in some cases, care setting transitions may have little to do with end-of-life care needs and instead reflect the needs, demands, availability, or funding provisions of the country or funding body and organizations providing care. This paper is a scoping review of the international peer-reviewed research literature to gain evidence on the frequency and types of end-of-life care setting transitions, and the reasons for these moves...
August 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Kim Bloomfield, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Abdu Kedir Seid, Christiane Stock
AIMS: Greater area-level relative deprivation has been related to poorer health behaviours, but studies specifically on alcohol use and abuse have been equivocal. The main purpose of the present study was to investigate how area-level relative deprivation in Denmark relates to alcohol use and misuse in the country. METHODS: As individual-level data, we used the national alcohol and drug survey of 2011 ( n= 5133). Data were procured from Statistics Denmark to construct an index of relative deprivation at the parish level ( n=2119)...
August 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Sidsel Graff-Iversen, Inger Ariansen, Øyvind Næss, Randi M Selmer, Bjørn Heine Strand
BACKGROUND: The absolute educational differences in the mortality of Norwegian women and men increased during 1960-2000 and thereafter levelled off in men, but continued to widen in women. Which of the risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) might explain these trends? AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate trends in gender-specific, absolute educational differences in established risk factors during 1974-2002. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from 40-45-year-old women and men who participated in one of three health surveys in two counties, from the years 1974-1978, 1985-1988 and 2001-2002...
August 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Gro Beate Samdal, Eivind Meland, Geir Egil Eide, Sveinung Berntsen, Eirik Abildsnes, Tonje H Stea, Thomas Mildestvedt
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of behaviour change interventions at Norwegian Healthy Life Centres (HLCs) on participants' moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) six months after baseline. We also explore predictors of change in MVPA, and if level of education and MVPA at baseline modify the effect. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial with inclusion criteria age ⩾ 18 years and ability to participate in group-based physical activity...
August 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Louise Carlberg, Mats Granlund
BACKGROUND: Schools are expected to be an environment where children can reach their fullest potential and develop their talents, personality, as well as their mental and physical abilities. Children with disabilities often have restricted participation and lower achievement in school. The aim is to investigate if there are any differences in participation and achievement in school between adolescents, with and without self-reported neuropsychiatric disabilities, and to explore the relations between achievement and participation...
August 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Anne Sofie Borsch, Christopher Jamil de Montgomery, Karl Gauffin, Ketil Eide, Elli Heikkilä, Signe Smith Jervelund
OBJECTIVES: Since 2000, approximately 500,000 refugees have settled in the Nordic countries, about a third of them being children and young people. To identify general trends, and to detect gaps in the existing knowledge about the socioeconomic and health status of these young refugees, this review discusses the literature regarding three key areas related to welfare policy: health, education and employment. METHODS: A systematic search in PubMed, Scopus, SocINDEX, Sociological Abstracts, Embase and Cochrane, and a search for publications from relevant institutions were undertaken...
July 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Kenneth B Pedersen, Marie E Holck, Aksel K G Jensen, Camilla H Suppli, Christine S Benn, Tyra G Krause, Signe Sørup
AIMS: Delay of childhood vaccinations is common and influences efforts to reduce targeted diseases. In Denmark, the diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP-IPV-Hib) vaccine is recommended at ages 3, 5 and 12 months and the first measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR-1) at 15 months. Following guidelines, children delayed at age 15 months should receive MMR-1 and DTaP-IPV-Hib-3 simultaneously, unless DTaP-IPV-Hib-2 was received less than 6 months ago, when MMR-1 alone is recommended...
July 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Sami Kokko, Leena Martin, Susanna Geidne, Aurelie Van Hoye, Aoife Lane, Jeroen Meganck, Jeroen Scheerder, Jan Seghers, Jari Villberg, Michal Kudlacek, Petr Badura, Kaisu Mononen, Minna Blomqvist, Bart De Clercq, Pasi Koski
AIMS: Insufficient physical activity (PA) is one of the largest public health challenges of our time and requires a multisectoral public-health response. PA recommendations state that all children and adolescents should accumulate at least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) daily and carry out vigorous PA (VPA) three times weekly. While participation in sports club activities is known to enhance the probability of reaching the recommended overall PA level, less is known about the contribution of sports club participation to VPA, and few cross-national comparisons have been carried out...
July 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Mo Wang, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Thomas E Dorner, Konstantinos A Pazarlis, Annina Ropponen, Pia Svedberg, Magnus Helgesson
AIMS: Scientific knowledge about risk factors for work disability in terms of long-term sickness absence and disability pension following lumbar spine decompression surgery remains insufficient. This study aimed to investigate the associations between socio-demographic, work-related, and medical characteristics with subsequent long-term sickness absence (>90 days) and disability pension for individuals who underwent lumbar spine decompression surgery. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of all individuals aged 19-60 years with diagnosed dorsopathies, who underwent lumbar spine decompression surgery 2008-10 in Sweden ( n=7373) was performed...
July 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Lena Gonäs, Anders Wikman, Marjan Vaez, Kristina Alexanderson, Klas Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Although the labour market is characterized by a strong numerical gender segregation of occupations, there is little knowledge about the associations of this with the future labour market situation for an individual person. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to elucidate whether working in a gender-segregated or gender-integrated occupation is associated with future labour market attachment and sickness absence or disability pensions among women and men. METHODS: We used a population-based prospective cohort study with univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses stratified by gender, including all people living in Sweden aged 20-56 years and in paid work in 2003 ( n=3,239,989)...
July 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Arsenios Tselengidis, Per-Olof Östergren
AIMS: This study investigates the lobbying actors of the food and drink industry (FDI), their web lobbying arguments used in the sugar taxation debate and the tactics deployed when facing legislative restrictions on their products to curb the burden of non-communicable diseases in Europe. METHODS: A stakeholder analysis was performed to identify the FDI's actors lobbying against sugar taxation within the EU Platform for Action on Diet, Physical Activity and Health during December 2015...
July 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Mohammadreza Rajabi, Ali Mansourian, Petter Pilesjö, Daniel Oudin Åström, Klas Cederin, Kristina Sundquist
AIMS: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide, including in Sweden. The main aim of this study was to explore the temporal trends and spatial patterns of CVD in Sweden using spatial autocorrelation analyses. METHODS: The CVD admission rates between 2000 and 2010 throughout Sweden were entered as the input disease data for the analytic processes performed for the Swedish capital, Stockholm, and also for the whole of Sweden...
August 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Susanna R A Siri, Tonje Braaten, Bjarne K Jacobsen, Marita Melhus, Bent-Martin Eliassen
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess and compare the distribution of cardiovascular risk factors and the estimated 10-year risk of fatal or non-fatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or cerebral stroke (CS) among the Sami and non-Sami populations of Northern Norway. METHODS: The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey is a cross-sectional survey conducted in 10 municipalities in the counties of Finnmark, Troms and Nordland in rural Northern Norway in 2012-2014. All inhabitants aged 40-79 years were invited to participate, and 6004 (48...
August 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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