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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810815/social-selection-in-cohort-studies-and-later-representation-of-childhood-psychiatric-diagnoses-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#1
Kathrine Bang Madsen, Lena Hohwü, Jin Liang Zhu, Jørn Olsen, Carsten Obel
AIM: This study aimed to estimate the relative representation of childhood psychiatric diagnoses and use of psychotropic medication in the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) compared to the general population. METHODS: The general population was identified as all childbirths in Denmark during 1998-2002 ( N=344,160). Linking the DNBC ( N=91,442) and the general population to the Danish national health registries, all children were followed until they received an ICD-10 psychiatric diagnosis, had a prescription of psychotropic medication or to the end of follow-up in 2013...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810814/acceptability-of-a-vocational-advice-service-for-patients-consulting-in-primary-care-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-general-practitioners-vocational-advisers-and-patients
#2
Tom Sanders, Gwenllian Wynne-Jones, Bie Nio Ong, Majid Artus, Nadine Foster
AIMS: Using qualitative interviews, this study explored the experiences of GPs, vocational advisers and patients towards a new vocational advice (VA) service in primary care. METHODS: This study was nested within the Study of Work and Pain (SWAP) cluster randomised controlled trial. The SWAP trial located a VA service within three general practices in Staffordshire. Interviews took place with 10 GPs 12 months after the introduction of the VA service, four vocational advisers whilst the VA service was running and 20 patients on discharge from the VA service...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810812/are-perceptions-of-social-norms-regarding-peer-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-associated-with-personal-use-in-danish-adolescents
#3
Lotte Vallentin-Holbech, Birthe Marie Rasmussen, Christiane Stock
AIMS: This study aims to describe norm perceptions among Danish pupils aged 13-17 years related to the prevalence of personal lifetime use of alcohol and other drugs (AODs). Further we examined if norm perceptions were associated with personal lifetime AOD use. METHOD: The data were collected as baseline data in the trial The GOOD Life. A total of 2601 pupils from 42 public schools in the Region of Southern Denmark completed an online questionnaire measuring personal lifetime AOD use and personal approval of use...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803506/parental-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-increase-the-risk-of-separation-among-parents-with-children-less-than-11-years-of-age-in-sweden
#4
Widarsson Margareta, Nohlert Eva, Öhrvik John, Kerstis Birgitta
AIMS: Parental separations have become more frequent in recent decades. In Western countries, about 25% of children experience parental separation. There is a need to explore the risk factors for separation to give children an optimal childhood. The objective of the present study was to examine parental stress and depressive symptoms during early parenthood and their association with parental separation. METHODS: Four hundred and seven couples completed questionnaires on depressive symptoms for 3 months and parental stress for 18 months after childbirth...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789594/the-impact-of-prior-psychiatric-medical-treatment-on-return-to-work-after-a-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-a-registry-based-study
#5
Laura Schärfe Jensen, Charlotte Overgaard, Jens Peter Garne, Henrik Bøggild, Kirsten Fonager
PURPOSE: Breast cancer and psychiatric disorders negatively impact work life, both positively associated with unemployment and early retirement. Our purpose was to assess whether being prescribed psychiatric medication, 2-4 yrs prior to a diagnosis of breast cancer, could impact the likelihood of returning to work after cancer therapy. METHODS: 16,868 self-supporting women, diagnosed with breast cancer in Denmark from 2000 to 2012, were identified from a population-based clinical database, then cross-referenced to data held for psychiatric medication usage, sociodemographics, and labour-market participation...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789593/celebrities-cows-and-contagious-ideas-about-vaccines
#6
Morten Sodemann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784028/mental-health-service-utilization-and-its-associated-social-factors-among-elderly-people-with-a-mental-disability-in-china-a-national-population-based-survey
#7
Chao Guo, Ning Li, Gong Chen, Xiaoying Zheng
AIM: This study explored patterns of service use and associated socioeconomic factors among Chinese elders with mental disabilities. METHODS: Data from the second China National Sample Survey on Disability (CNSSD) were used in this study. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to calculate the odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for factors associated with utilization of mental health services among Chinese elderly people with a mental disability...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784025/does-workplace-social-capital-protect-against-long-term-sickness-absence-linking-workplace-aggregated-social-capital-to-sickness-absence-registry-data
#8
Anne-Sophie K Hansen, Ida E H Madsen, Sannie Vester Thorsen, Ole Melkevik, Jakob Bue Bjørner, Ingelise Andersen, Reiner Rugulies
AIMS: Most previous prospective studies have examined workplace social capital as a resource of the individual. However, literature suggests that social capital is a collective good. In the present study we examined whether a high level of workplace aggregated social capital (WASC) predicts a decreased risk of individual-level long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in Danish private sector employees. METHODS: A sample of 2043 employees (aged 18-64 years, 38.5% women) from 260 Danish private-sector companies filled in a questionnaire on workplace social capital and covariates...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768459/association-between-socioeconomic-and-health-factors-and-edentulism-in-people-aged-65-and-older-a-population-based-survey
#9
Hanna Olofsson, Eva Lena Ulander, Yngve Gustafson, Carl Hörnsten
AIMS: To study edentulism and use of dental services in a population-based sample of people aged 65 years and older from northern Sweden and western Finland. METHODS: In 2010, people aged 65, 70, 75 and 80 years who were living in one of 32 municipalities in northern Sweden and western Finland were invited to answer a questionnaire as part of the Gerontological Regional Database (GERDA) study ( n = 6099). The questionnaire contained items related to socioeconomic status, general health and edentulism...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767006/potentially-traumatic-events-as-predictors-of-disability-pension-a-10-year-follow-up-study-in-norway
#10
Eva Lassemo, Inger Sandanger
AIMS: Are potentially traumatic events associated with subsequent disability pension? Traumatic exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may represent a disabling state with both personal and professional consequences for the affected individual. Despite this, there is a scarcity of research studying the effects of traumatic exposure on disability pension. This study examined the differences in risk for disability pension among unexposed, exposed to trauma and PTSD cases. METHODS: An ambidirectional Norwegian cohort study, consisting of 1238 individuals aged 18-66 years who were at risk of disability pension, were interviewed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, and linked with registry data on disability pension...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767002/employment-status-five-years-after-a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-multidisciplinary-and-brief-intervention-in-employees-on-sick-leave-due-to-low-back-pain
#11
Pernille Pedersen, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Ole Kudsk Jensen, Chris Jensen, Merete Labriola
AIMS: To evaluate differences in employment status, during a five-year follow-up period in patients on sick leave due to low back pain who had participated in a trial comparing a brief and a multidisciplinary intervention. METHODS: From 2004 to 2008, 535 patients were referred to the Spine Centre at the Regional Hospital in Silkeborg if they had been on sick leave for 3-16 weeks due to low back pain. All patients underwent a clinical examination by a rehabilitation physician and a physiotherapist, and were randomised to either the brief intervention or the multidisciplinary intervention...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752803/designing-and-collecting-data-for-a-longitudinal-study-the-sleman-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-hdss
#12
Fatwa S T Dewi, Ifta Choiriyyah, Citra Indriyani, Abdul Wahab, Lutfan Lazuardi, Agung Nugroho, Susetyowati Susetyowati, Rosalia K Harisaputra, Risalia Santi, Septi K Lestari, Nawi Ng, Mohammad Hakimi, Hari K Josef, Adi Utarini
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the methodological considerations of developing an urban Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS), in the Sleman District of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. METHODS: 1) The Sleman District was selected because it is mostly an urban area. 2) The minimum sample size was calculated to measure infant mortality as the key variable and resulted in a sample of 4942 households. A two-stage cluster sampling procedure with probability proportionate to size was applied; first, 216 Censuses Blocks (CBs) were selected, and second, 25 households in each CB were selected...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730915/burnout-among-danish-prison-personnel-a-question-of-quantitative-and-emotional-demands
#13
Dorte Raaby Andersen, Lars Peter Andersen, Charlotte Ann Gadegaard, Annie Høgh, Annick Prieur, Thomas Lund
Objectives The objective of this follow-up study was to investigate associations between individual, occupational and work environment factors and burnout among both uniformed and non-uniformed personnel working in the Danish Prison and Probation Service. Methods The participants (N = 4808) with client contact received a questionnaire in 2010 and again in 2011. In 2010, 2843 participants responded to the questionnaire (59.1%), and in 2011, 1741 responded to the questionnaire, yielding a response rate of 61...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720022/good-work-ability-among-unemployed-individuals-association-of-sociodemographic-work-related-and-well-being-factors
#14
Marja Hult, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Päivikki Koponen, Terhi Saaranen
AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the perceived work ability of unemployed individuals and to explore the association between perceived good work ability and sociodemographic, work-related and well-being factors. METHODS: The data were derived from the Finnish Regional Health and Well-being Study (ATH) collected by postal and Internet-based questionnaires in 2014-2015. The random sample was selected from the Finnish National Population Register. The present study includes data from unemployed or laid-off respondents ( n=1975) aged 20-65 years...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709386/health-complaints-in-late-adolescence-frequency-factor-structure-and-the-association-with-socio-economic-status
#15
Solbjørg Makalani Myrtveit Sæther, Børge Sivertsen, Siren Haugland, Tormod Bøe, Mari Hysing
AIMS: Little is known about social disparities in health in late adolescence. Among boys and girls aged 17-19, we aimed to (1) describe frequency of health complaints, (2) investigate the factor structure of health complaints and (3) examine the association between health complaints and socio-economic status (SES). METHODS: Data from the large population-based youth@hordaland survey ( n=10,253) were used. Health complaints were assessed by five items from the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Symptoms Checklist, SES by parental education and perceived family economy...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707565/neoliberalism-and-the-recommodification-of-health-inequalities-a-case-study-of-the-swedish-welfare-state-1980-to-2011
#16
Kristin Farrants, Clare Bambra
AIMS: This paper examines the effects of neoliberalism on health inequalities through an empirical examination of the recommodification of the social determinants of health. It uses a detailed case study of changes to three specific welfare policy domains in Sweden: unemployment, healthcare, and pensions. METHODS: Using time series data from the repeat cross-sectional Swedish Living Conditions Survey for 1980-2011, it examines: (1) the effects of reductions in the replacement rate value of unemployment benefit on inequalities in self-reported general health between the employed and the unemployed; (2) the effects of reductions in the replacement rate value of pensions on educational inequalities in self-reported general health among pensioners; and (3) the effects of the increase in user charges on inequalities in having visited a doctor in the past 3 months by educational level...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707564/time-trends-in-absolute-and-relative-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-leisure-time-physical-inactivity-in-northern-sweden
#17
Máté Szilcz, Paola A Mosquera, Miguel San Sebastián, Per E Gustafsson
AIMS: The aim was to investigate the time trends in educational, occupational, and income-related inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity in 2006, 2010, and 2014 in northern Swedish women and men. METHODS: This study was based on data obtained from the repeated cross-sectional Health on Equal Terms survey of 2006, 2010, and 2014. The analytical sample consisted of 20,667 (2006), 31,787 (2010), and 21,613 (2014) individuals, aged 16-84. Logistic regressions were used to model the probability of physical inactivity given a set of explanatory variables...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707513/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-danish-10-item-connor-davidson-resilience-scale-among-hospital-staff
#18
Line Skjødt Lauridsen, Morten Vejs Willert, Anita Eskildsen, David Høyrup Christiansen
OBJECTIVES: The 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC 10) is a brief instrument measuring resilience in adults. The scale has shown sound psychometric properties in different populations and cultures. Our objectives were to cross-culturally adapt the CD-RISC 10 into Danish and to establish the psychometric properties of the Danish version in terms of internal consistency, construct validity and longitudinal validity. METHODS: The CD-RISC 10 was translated using established guidelines...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707511/maternal-fertility-problems-and-risk-for-transient-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Marie Hargreave, Susanne Krüger Kjaer, Marit Eika Jørgensen, Allan Jensen
AIMS: The study of imprinting disorders in the context of infertility and its treatment is important, as studies have indicated an increased risk. In this study, we evaluated the risk of transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (TNDM), defined here as diabetes mellitus presenting within the first six weeks of life, in children born to women with fertility problems. METHODS: This nationwide register-based cohort study comprised all 2,107,837 children born in Denmark between 1977 and 2010...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707502/appraisal-of-the-psychiatric-diagnostic-screening-questionnaire-in-a-perinatal-cohort-the-apron-study
#20
Brenda Leung, Nicole Letourneau, Katherine Bright, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Henry Ntanda, Lisa Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are routinely screened as part of perinatal care. However, other Axis 1 disorders and specific anxiety disorders are less likely to be screened or assessed as part of obstetric care. The objective of this study was to determine whether the Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire (PDSQ) is a potentially useful tool to screen for psychiatric conditions in pregnant and postpartum women in a community setting. METHODS: We compared the prevalence of DSM Axis I disorders obtained on the PDSQ with: (1) the prevalence of these disorders reported in previous studies of pregnant and postpartum women, and (2) scores obtained on the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90R) anxiety scale...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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