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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

Sami Kokko, Leena Martin, Susanna Geidne, Aurelie Van Hoye, Aoife Lane, Jeroen Meganck, Jeroen Scheerder, Jan Seghers, Jari Villberg, Michal Kudlacek, Petr Badura, Kaisu Mononen, Minna Blomqvist, Bart De Clercq, Pasi Koski
AIMS: Insufficient physical activity (PA) is one of the largest public health challenges of our time and requires a multisectoral public-health response. PA recommendations state that all children and adolescents should accumulate at least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) daily and carry out vigorous PA (VPA) three times weekly. While participation in sports club activities is known to enhance the probability of reaching the recommended overall PA level, less is known about the contribution of sports club participation to VPA, and few cross-national comparisons have been carried out...
July 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Mo Wang, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Thomas E Dorner, Konstantinos A Pazarlis, Annina Ropponen, Pia Svedberg, Magnus Helgesson
AIMS: Scientific knowledge about risk factors for work disability in terms of long-term sickness absence and disability pension following lumbar spine decompression surgery remains insufficient. This study aimed to investigate the associations between socio-demographic, work-related, and medical characteristics with subsequent long-term sickness absence (>90 days) and disability pension for individuals who underwent lumbar spine decompression surgery. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of all individuals aged 19-60 years with diagnosed dorsopathies, who underwent lumbar spine decompression surgery 2008-10 in Sweden ( n=7373) was performed...
July 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Lena Gonäs, Anders Wikman, Marjan Vaez, Kristina Alexanderson, Klas Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Although the labour market is characterized by a strong numerical gender segregation of occupations, there is little knowledge about the associations of this with the future labour market situation for an individual person. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to elucidate whether working in a gender-segregated or gender-integrated occupation is associated with future labour market attachment and sickness absence or disability pensions among women and men. METHODS: We used a population-based prospective cohort study with univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses stratified by gender, including all people living in Sweden aged 20-56 years and in paid work in 2003 ( n=3,239,989)...
July 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Arsenios Tselengidis, Per-Olof Östergren
AIMS: This study investigates the lobbying actors of the food and drink industry (FDI), their web lobbying arguments used in the sugar taxation debate and the tactics deployed when facing legislative restrictions on their products to curb the burden of non-communicable diseases in Europe. METHODS: A stakeholder analysis was performed to identify the FDI's actors lobbying against sugar taxation within the EU Platform for Action on Diet, Physical Activity and Health during December 2015...
July 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Helga Birgit Bjørnarå, Monica Klungland Torstveit, Elling Bere
AIMS: First, to describe the rationale for developing a combined summary score, the Healthy and Sustainable Dietary and Physical Activity habits (HSDPA) score, incorporating four selected dietary and physical activity aspects: (a) the New Nordic Diet, (b) local and sustainable foods, (c) active transportation and (d) non-exercise outdoor activities. Secondly, to describe the experiences from constructing the HSDPA score. METHODS: Relevant literature covering the four aspects of interest was reviewed to secure a well-grounded rationale and a theory-based approach...
June 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Claire J Mock-Muñoz de Luna, Kathrine Vitus, Mette K Torslev, Allan Krasnik, Signe S Jervelund
AIMS: Adult non-Western immigrants in Scandinavia tend to be worse off in terms of health than native-born populations, which cannot be fully ascribed to their often lower socioeconomic status (SES). This review examines if differences in health status are also present between non-Western immigrant and majority children in Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and if SES explains the differences. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, relevant Scandinavian peer-reviewed quantitative publications since 1990 were identified through a systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science and SveMed...
June 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Sofia Hammarström, Karin Stenqvist, Malin Lindroth
OBJECTIVES: To describe evaluated sexual health interventions for young people in state care and provide an assessment of the quality of and evidence for these interventions. METHODS: A systematic review of sexual health interventions for young people in state care was conducted. Randomised controlled trials and quasi-experimental designs were eligible, 2051 records were screened, 412 full-text studies retrieved, and 12 publications with low-to-moderate risk of bias included...
June 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Jindong Ding Petersen, Volkert Dirk Siersma, René Depont Christensen, Maria Munch Storsveen, Connie Thurøe Nielsen, Mikkel Vass, Frans Boch Waldorff
AIM: We used register-based data to estimate the effect of all-type dementia on road traffic accidents (RTAs) risk, combined with comorbidities or sedative medicines, among non-institutionalized older people in Denmark. METHODS: The source population was all residents in Denmark aged 65 years and older, alive as of January 1, 2008 ( n = 853,228). Cases were those who had any type of RTA in 2009-2014. Each case was matched for age, sex and geographic location to 4-6 controls...
June 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Mohammadreza Rajabi, Ali Mansourian, Petter Pilesjö, Daniel Oudin Åström, Klas Cederin, Kristina Sundquist
AIMS: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide, including in Sweden. The main aim of this study was to explore the temporal trends and spatial patterns of CVD in Sweden using spatial autocorrelation analyses. METHODS: The CVD admission rates between 2000 and 2010 throughout Sweden were entered as the input disease data for the analytic processes performed for the Swedish capital, Stockholm, and also for the whole of Sweden...
June 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Magdalena A Lazarewicz, Dorota Wlodarczyk, Joanna Chylinska, Mariusz Jaworski, Marta Rzadkiewicz, Miroslawa Adamus, GØrill Haugan, Monica Lillefjell, Geir A Espnes
AIMS: Patients' attitude towards treatment and health (ATH) is crucial for compliance at all stages of treatment. This study examined the psychometric properties of the developed PRACTA Attitude Towards Treatment and Health questionnaire, designed to measure ATH as perceived by seniors (PRACTA-ATH) and doctors (PRACTA-ATH-D) in primary health care. METHODS: The data were collected in two waves of the Polish-Norwegian PRACTA project. Exploratory factor analyses (EFAs) were conducted on wave 1 data from senior patients ( n = 3392) and their general practitioners ( n = 491)...
June 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Terese Sara Høj Jørgensen, Stefan Fors, Charlotte Juul Nilsson, Linda Enroth, Mari Aaltonen, Louise Sundberg, Henrik Brønnum-Hansen, Bjørn Heine Strand, Milan Chang, Marja Jylhä
AIMS: Cross-country comparisons of mortality and longevity patterns of Nordic populations could contribute with novel insights into the compositional changes of these populations. We investigated three metrics of population ageing: the proportion of the population aged 75+ and 90+ years, the proportion of birth cohorts reaching 75 and 90 years, and life expectancy (LE) at age 75 and 90 years in Sweden, Norway, Iceland, Denmark and Finland, in the period 1990-2014. METHODS: Demographic information was collected from national statistical databases and the Human Mortality Database...
June 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Odd Martin Vallersnes, Dag Jacobsen, Øivind Ekeberg, Mette Brekke
AIMS: Despite the excess mortality and morbidity associated with acute poisoning by substances of abuse, follow-up is frequently not organised. We assessed morbidity, including repeated poisoning, and follow-up after acute poisoning by substances of abuse through charting contacts with health services. We also charted short-term mortality. METHODS: Patients 12 years and older treated for acute poisoning by substances of abuse at a primary care emergency outpatient clinic in Oslo, Norway, were included consecutively from October 2011 through September 2012...
June 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Maria Fridh, Martin Lindström, Maria Rosvall
AIMS: To investigate associations between self-injury and involvement in cyberbullying as a bully, victim or bully-victim among mentally distressed adolescents. METHODS: Data from the public health survey of children and adolescents in Scania, Sweden 2016 were used. A questionnaire was answered anonymously in school by 9143 students in 9th grade compulsory school (response rate 77%) and 7949 students in 2nd grade of upper secondary school (response rate 73%). Students with past year (broadly defined) mental distress at least 2 weeks in a row (33% of boys and 63% of girls) were asked if they had performed self-injury (i...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Sol Juárez, Eleonora Mussino, Anders Hjern
AIMS: to evaluate whether the information on refugee status based on the residence permit is a useful source of information for perinatal health surveillance. METHODS: Using the Swedish population registers (1997-2012), we use multinomial regression models to assess the associations between migration status (refugee and non-refugee) and birth outcomes derived from birthweight and gestational age: low birthweight (LBW) (<2500 g), macrosomia (≥4000 g); preterm: (<37 w) and post-term (≥42 w)...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Tiia T M Reho, Salla A Atkins, Nina Talola, Mervi Viljamaa, Markku P T Sumanen, Jukka Uitti
AIMS: This study characterizes frequent attenders in primary care provided by occupational health services (OHS) in Finland. METHODS: This is a nationwide cross-sectional study using medical record data from an OHS provider in 2015. Frequent attenders were defined as persons who were within the top decile of annual visits to healthcare professionals (frequent attender 10%, FA10) at any of the OHS's 37 stations. FA10s within this study consulted the OHS primary care unit eight or more times during 2015...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Susanna R A Siri, Tonje Braaten, Bjarne K Jacobsen, Marita Melhus, Bent-Martin Eliassen
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess and compare the distribution of cardiovascular risk factors and the estimated 10-year risk of fatal or non-fatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or cerebral stroke (CS) among the Sami and non-Sami populations of Northern Norway. METHODS: The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey is a cross-sectional survey conducted in 10 municipalities in the counties of Finnmark, Troms and Nordland in rural Northern Norway in 2012-2014. All inhabitants aged 40-79 years were invited to participate, and 6004 (48...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Alejandro Feged-Rivadeneira, Sian Evans
AIMS: Malaria in the Amazon basin is persistently more prevalent among low density populations (1-4 people/[Formula: see text]). Describing malaria transmission in small populations, such as ethnic minorities in the Amazon basin, living in reserves in groups that amount to 110-450 individuals, is fundamental for the implementation of adequate interventions. Here, we examine malaria transmission in a context of high prevalence in a small population of Nükak ethnicity (ethnic group [Formula: see text] individuals, study group, [Formula: see text] individuals) living in the peri-urban area of a city with [Formula: see text] inhabitants in the Amazon basin...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Janni Niclasen, Lisbeth Lund, Carsten Obel, Lars Larsen
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to conduct a systematic review to identify documented mental health promotion interventions developed and tested among population-based older adults. METHODS: A systematic review based on PRISMA guidelines. The literature was searched in PsycINFO and PubMed between June and September 2016. The Effective Public Health Practice Project tool was used to assess the quality of the included study. RESULTS: In total 53 randomized controlled trial studies qualified for the systematic review...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Cecilia M Wagenius, Miguel San Sebastián, Per E Gustafsson, Isabel Goicolea
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in Sweden have detected socioeconomic inequities in access to healthcare services. However, there is limited information regarding access in younger populations. The aim of this study was to explore vertical and horizontal inequities in access to healthcare services in young adults in the north of Sweden. METHODS: The study used data from the Health on Equal Terms survey (age group 16-24 years, n = 2726) for the health and healthcare variables and from national registers for the sociodemographic characteristics...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Chalotte H Poulsen, Lene F Eplov, Carsten Hjorthøj, Lene H Hastrup, Marie Eliasen, Thomas M Dantoft, Andreas Schröder, Torben Jørgensen
OBJECTIVES: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with increased healthcare use and work absenteeism. We aimed to investigate long-term use of healthcare services and social benefits across IBS symptom groups. Additionally, we estimated excess healthcare costs. METHODS: A longitudinal population-based study comprising two 5-year follow-up studies: The Danish part of the Multinational Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease (Dan-MONICA) 1 (1982-1987) and Inter99 (1999-2004) recruited from the western part of Copenhagen County...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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