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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

Pernille Due, Mogens T Damsgaard, Katrine R Madsen, Line Nielsen, Signe B Rayce, Bjørn E Holstein
AIMS: The aims of this study were: (a) to examine trends in daily emotional symptoms among 11- to 15-year-olds from 1991 to 2014 in Denmark, and (b) to examine trends in social inequality in daily emotional symptoms, that is, whether the differences in prevalence between adolescents with parents of varying occupational social class changed over time. METHODS: We combined seven comparable cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children surveys ( N=31,169)...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Måns Rosén, Bengt Haglund
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several studies have indicated that birth cohorts are important in explaining trends in alcohol-related mortality. An earlier study from Sweden with data up to 2002 showed that birth cohorts that grew up under periods of more liberal alcohol policies had higher alcohol-related mortality than those cohorts growing up under more restrictive time periods. In spite of increasing alcohol consumption, predictions in 2002 also indicated lower alcohol-related mortality in the future...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Agnė Brazienė, Jonė Venclovienė, Abdonas Tamošiūnas, Audrius Dėdelė, Dalia Lukšienė, Ričardas Radišauskas
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the relation between residential distance from major roads and city parks and the development of arterial hypertension. METHODS: In this study, we used data of the population included in the MONICA survey (Lithuania). In total, 739 participants without arterial hypertension were selected for the present study. Poisson regression with robust variance estimation was used to evaluate the associations between distances from a major road and a city park expressed as categorical variables and the incidence of arterial hypertension, adjusting for individual risk factors...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ólöf Sunna Gissurardóttir, Heidrun Hlodversdóttir, Edda Bjork Thordardóttir, Gudrún Pétursdóttir, Arna Hauksdóttir
AIM: Volcanic eruptions and other natural disasters may affect survivor's physical and mental health. The aim of this study was to examine the mental health effects of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption in Iceland on nearby residents, by exposure level and experience. METHODS: This population-based study included 1615 residents living in an area close to the Eyjafjallajökull volcano at the time of the eruption and a sample of 697 residents from a non-exposed area...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Hanna Tolonen, Päivikki Koponen, Katja Borodulin, Satu Männistö, Markku Peltonen, Erkki Vartiainen
Increasing within-country migration from rural to urban areas is setting new challenges for survey organization. For example, the educational level of population in urban and rural areas differ, resulting in differences in health behaviours and health outcomes between areas. Data from the national cross-sectional surveys of the FINRISK Study conducted in Finland in 1997-2012 among the adult population were used. Women living in the capital region were more likely to be survey non-participants than women living in rural areas...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Caroline Westerlund, Carol Tishelman, Inger Benkel, Carl Johan Fürst, Ulla Molander, Birgit H Rasmussen, Sylvia Sauter, Olav Lindqvist
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the awareness of palliative care (PC) in a general Swedish population. DESIGN: We developed an e-survey based on a similar study conducted in Northern Ireland, consisting of 10 questions. Closed questions were primarily analyzed using descriptive statistics. Open questions were subject to inductive qualitative analysis. SUBJECTS: The study utilized a population sample of 7684 persons aged 18-66, of which 2020 responded, stratified by gender, age and region...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Tom Sterud, Håkon A Johannessen
AIMS: Number of sick leave days vary by county, but little is known about the extent to which this gradient may be explained by differences pertaining to occupational composition and occupational exposure. METHODS: A randomly drawn cohort from the general population in Norway, aged 18-69 years, was interviewed by telephone in the second half of 2009 ( n=12,255; response at baseline=60.9%) and followed up in national registries to the end of 2010. Eligible respondents were registered with an active employee relationship in 2009 and 2010 ( n=8275)...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Harald Hannerz, Karen Albertsen, Hermann Burr, Martin Lindhardt Nielsen, Anne Helene Garde, Ann Dyreborg Larsen, Jan Hyld Pejtersen
AIMS: A systematic review and meta-analysis have found that long working hours were prospectively associated with an increased risk of overall stroke. The primary aim of the present study was to test if this finding could be reproduced in a sample that has been randomly selected from the general workforce of Denmark. A secondary aim was to estimate the association for haemorrhagic and ischaemic stroke separately. METHODS: Individual participant data on 20- to 64-year-old employees were drawn from the Danish Labour Force Survey, 1999-2013, and linked to data on socio-economic status (SES), migrations, hospitalisations and deaths from national registers...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Gerry Veenstra
The theory of fundamental causes is one of the more influential attempts to provide a theoretical infrastructure for the strong associations between indicators of socioeconomic status (education, income, occupation) and health. It maintains that people of higher socioeconomic status have greater access to flexible resources such as money, knowledge, prestige, power, and beneficial social connections that they can use to reduce their risks of morbidity and mortality and minimize the consequences of disease once it occurs...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ingeborg Lund, Elisabeth Kvaavik, Mari Nygård, Bo T Hansen
BACKGROUND: In Norway, snus use among women has increased substantially over the last decade, particularly in younger age groups. Snus use is associated with increased morbidity among men, but few studies have addressed health consequences of snus use among women. AIM: To investigate the associations between body mass index (BMI) and female snus use, and between self-rated general health and female snus use. METHODS: A nationally representative net sample of 13,756 women in Norway, aged 18-45 years, participated in a survey on lifestyle and health...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Rathi Ramji, Bengt B Arnetz, Maria Nilsson, Ywonne Wiklund, Hikmet Jamil, Wasim Maziak, Judy Arnetz
AIMS: There is a lack of studies examining the association between waterpipe smoking and mental well-being among adolescents. This study sought to determine whether waterpipe smoking is associated with mental well-being and other risk and health behaviours in adolescents. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to 1006 adolescents in grades 9-12 (with a response rate of >95%), containing questions on measures of stress, mental energy and sleep. In addition, the questionnaire assessed risk and health behaviours, including use of a waterpipe, cigarettes, e-cigarettes, snus, alcohol, narcotics, gambling and exercise...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Pernilla Garmy, Eva K Clausson, Agneta Berg, Katarina Steen Carlsson, Ulf Jakobsson
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and cost-utility of a school-based cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program. METHODS: A quasi-experimental trial with an intervention group and a control group, with follow-up measurements obtained at three and 12 months after baseline, was conducted. The setting was six Swedish municipalities. The participants were students in grade 8 (median age: 14). A total of 462 students (79% girls) were allocated to the school-based CB prevention program, and 486 students (46% girls) were allocated to the control group...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Matthias Lidin, Elin Ekblom-Bak, Monica Rydell Karlsson, Mai-Lis Hellénius
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a structured intervention programme on lifestyle habits and quality of life after six months and one year in participants with increased cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Participants aged ≥18 years with increased cardiovascular risk were referred from primary health care and hospitals. The programme was launched at an outpatient clinic in a department of cardiology at a university hospital. It consisted of individual visits to a nurse for a health check-up and lifestyle counselling at baseline, after six months and at one year...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Emma Kwegyir-Afful, George Adu, Evelien R Spelten, Kimmo Räsänen, Jos Verbeek
AIM: Preterm birth and low birthweight (LBW) lead to infant morbidity and mortality. The causes are unknown. This study evaluates the association between duration of maternity leave and birth outcomes at country level. METHOD: We compiled data on duration of maternity leave for 180 countries of which 36 specified prenatal leave, 190 specified income, 183 specified preterm birth rates and 185 specified the LBW rate. Multivariate and seemingly unrelated regression analyses were done in STATA...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Maria Kristiansen, Lis Adamsen, Karin Piil, Ida Halvorsen, Nanna Nyholm, Carsten Hendriksen
AIMS: Scandinavian cancer care policies emphasise community-level rehabilitation services, but little is known about changes in service provision over time. This follow-up study explores development in these services in Danish municipalities, focusing on availability, utilisation and organisation of services, including existing opportunities and challenges. METHODS: A national survey among all 98 Danish municipalities was conducted in 2013 (baseline) and repeated in 2016 (follow-up)...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ulla Kinnunen, Jouko Nätti
AIMS: We investigated two single items of the Work Ability Index - work ability score, and future work ability - as predictors of register-based disability pension and long-term sickness absence over a three-year follow-up. METHODS: Survey responses of 11,131 Finnish employees were linked to pension and long-term (more than 10 days) sickness absence register data by Statistics Finland. Work ability score was divided into poor (0-5), moderate (6-7) and good/excellent (8-10) and future work ability into poor (1-2) and good (3) work ability at baseline...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Kim Stene-Larsen, Anne Reneflot
AIM: To examine rates of contact with primary and mental health care prior to suicide in men and women and across a range of age categories. METHOD: The authors performed a systematic review of 44 studies from 2000 to 2017 of which 36 reported rates on contact with primary health care and 14 reported on contact with mental health care prior to suicide. RESULTS: Contact with primary health care was highest in the year prior to suicide with an average contact rate of 80%...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Anna Fugelstad, Mats Ramstedt, Ingemar Thiblin, Lars Age Johansson
AIMS: Statistics on drug-related deaths (DRD) provide crucial information on the drug situation. The European Monitoring Centre for Drug and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) has published a specification for extracting DRD from national mortality registers to be used in international comparisons. However, surprisingly little is known of the accuracy of DRD statistics derived from national mortality registers. This study assesses the accuracy of Swedish data derived from national mortality registers by comparing it with other sources of data...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Francisca Nordfalk, Klaus Hoeyer
INTRODUCTION: In Denmark, citizens participate in register-based research without the possibility of opting out. However, in 1995 it was made possible for Danish citizens to register an opt-out called 'researcher protection' [ forskerbeskyttelse], which implied that researchers could not contact people to invite them to participate in research projects, such as clinical trials or questionnaries, based on their registrations in national registers. Data already registered could still be used for research...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ulrika K Stigsdotter, Sus Sola Corazon, Ola Ekholm
BACKGROUND: There is increasing awareness of the importance and health benefits of living near green spaces. Research usually focuses on the general population's use of green spaces and there has been little focus on the use of green spaces by specific groups, such as people with mobility disabilities. This represents a significant knowledge gap with regard to facilitating access to healthy green environments by all population groups. This study aims to provide knowledge of the use of green spaces by people with mobility disabilities...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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