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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

Alejandro Feged-Rivadeneira, Sian Evans
AIMS: Malaria in the Amazon basin is persistently more prevalent among low density populations (1-4 people/[Formula: see text]). Describing malaria transmission in small populations, such as ethnic minorities in the Amazon basin, living in reserves in groups that amount to 110-450 individuals, is fundamental for the implementation of adequate interventions. Here, we examine malaria transmission in a context of high prevalence in a small population of Nükak ethnicity (ethnic group [Formula: see text] individuals, study group, [Formula: see text] individuals) living in the peri-urban area of a city with [Formula: see text] inhabitants in the Amazon basin...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Janni Niclasen, Lisbeth Lund, Carsten Obel, Lars Larsen
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to conduct a systematic review to identify documented mental health promotion interventions developed and tested among population-based older adults. METHODS: A systematic review based on PRISMA guidelines. The literature was searched in PsycINFO and PubMed between June and September 2016. The Effective Public Health Practice Project tool was used to assess the quality of the included study. RESULTS: In total 53 randomized controlled trial studies qualified for the systematic review...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Cecilia M Wagenius, Miguel San Sebastián, Per E Gustafsson, Isabel Goicolea
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in Sweden have detected socioeconomic inequities in access to healthcare services. However, there is limited information regarding access in younger populations. The aim of this study was to explore vertical and horizontal inequities in access to healthcare services in young adults in the north of Sweden. METHODS: The study used data from the Health on Equal Terms survey (age group 16-24 years, n = 2726) for the health and healthcare variables and from national registers for the sociodemographic characteristics...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Chalotte H Poulsen, Lene F Eplov, Carsten Hjorthøj, Lene H Hastrup, Marie Eliasen, Thomas M Dantoft, Andreas Schröder, Torben Jørgensen
OBJECTIVES: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with increased healthcare use and work absenteeism. We aimed to investigate long-term use of healthcare services and social benefits across IBS symptom groups. Additionally, we estimated excess healthcare costs. METHODS: A longitudinal population-based study comprising two 5-year follow-up studies: The Danish part of the Multinational Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease (Dan-MONICA) 1 (1982-1987) and Inter99 (1999-2004) recruited from the western part of Copenhagen County...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Edda Bjork Thordardottir, Hulda Gudmundsdottir, Berglind Gudmundsdottir, Anna Margrét Hrólfsdóttir, Thor Aspelund, Arna Hauksdottir
AIMS: On 29 May 2008, an earthquake struck in South Iceland. The aim of this study was to explore the trajectories of post-traumatic stress, depressive and anxiety symptoms among exposed inhabitants during the first year following the earthquake, as well as predictors for symptomology. METHODS: This was a longitudinal cohort study based on a sample that was randomly selected from the earthquake-stricken area ( n = 1301). Participants answered a questionnaire assessing demographic and disaster-related factors 2 months after the earthquake...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Janni Niclasen, Maria Keilow, Carsten Obel
BACKGROUND: Well-being is considered a prerequisite for learning. The Danish Ministry of Education initiated the development of a new 40-item student well-being questionnaire in 2014 to monitor well-being among all Danish public school students on a yearly basis. The aim of this study was to investigate the basic psychometric properties of this questionnaire. METHODS: We used the data from the 2015 Danish student well-being survey for 268,357 students in grades 4-9 (about 85% of the study population)...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Sveinung Arnesen, Kristine Bærøe, Cornelius Cappelen, Benedicte Carlsen
AIMS: Immunisation causes dramatic reductions in morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases; however, resistance to vaccination is nonetheless widespread. An understudied issue - explored here - is whether appeals to collective as opposed to individual benefits of vaccination encourage people to vaccinate. Knowledge of this is important not least with respect to the design of public health campaigns, which often lack information about the collective benefits of vaccination. METHODS: Using a between-subjects experimental survey design, we test whether information about the effects of herd immunity influences people's decision to vaccinate...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Marko Merikukka, Sami Räsänen, Helinä Hakko, Tiina Ristikari, Mika Gissler, Mika Niemelä
AIMS: Earlier studies on the associations between parental somatic illnesses and children's psychological wellbeing have focused on the most common somatic illnesses or on specific groups of illnesses. In this study, we aimed to systematically examine whether parental somatic illnesses, diagnosed during an offspring's childhood, are associated with later mental disorders of the offspring and, if so, identify which parental somatic illnesses in particular increase the likelihood for later mental disorders among the offspring...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Emilie E Agardh, Andreas Lundin, Anton Lager, Peter Allebeck, Ilona Koupil, Sven Andreasson, Claes-Göran Östenson, Anna-Karin Danielsson
AIMS: We investigate (a) alcohol consumption in association with type 2 diabetes, taking heavy episodic drinking (HED), socioeconomic, health and lifestyle, and psychosocial factors into account, and (b) whether a seemingly protective effect of moderate alcohol consumption on type 2 diabetes persists when stratified by occupational position. METHODS: This population-based longitudinal cohort study comprises 16,223 Swedes aged 18-84 years who answered questionnaires about lifestyle, including alcohol consumption in 2002, and who were followed-up for self-reported or register-based diabetes in 2003-2011...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Trine Nøhr Winding, Johan Hviid Andersen
AIMS: The primary aim was to investigate the association between somatic symptoms at ages 15 or 18 and reduced labour market participation at age 23, when socioeconomic, social, and mental health risk factors were taken into account. METHODS: The study included 3223 participants from the West Jutland Cohort Study with questionnaire information on somatic symptoms at ages 15 or 18 and with register information on labour market participation at age 23, gathered from a national register on all public transfer benefits for a 52-week period...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Philip Wilson, Rachael Wood, Kirsten Lykke, Anette Hauskov Graungaard, Ruth Kirk Ertmann, Merethe Kirstine Andersen, Ole Rikard Haavet, Per Lagerløv, Eirik Abildsnes, Mina P Dahli, Marjukka Mäkelä, Aleksi Varinen, Merja Hietanen
BACKGROUND: Few areas of medicine demonstrate such international divergence as child development screening and surveillance. Many countries have nationally mandated surveillance policies, but the content of programmes and mechanisms for delivery vary enormously. The cost of programmes is substantial but no economic evaluations have been carried out. We have critically examined the history, underlying philosophy, content and delivery of programmes for child development assessment in five countries with comprehensive publicly funded health services (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Scotland and Sweden)...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Jakob Kirkegård, Marie R Mortensen, Ida R Johannsen, Frank V Mortensen, Deirdre Cronin-Fenton
AIMS: To examine the validity of the diagnoses of acute and chronic pancreatitis registered in the Danish National Patient Registry. METHODS: We identified all patients in the Danish National Patient Registry admitted to two Danish hospitals with acute or chronic pancreatitis from 1996 to 2013. From this population, we randomly sampled 100 patients with acute pancreatitis and 100 patients with chronic pancreatitis. For each cohort, we computed the positive predictive values and associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the discharge diagnosis of acute or chronic pancreatitis using medical records as the gold standard...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Shan Shan, Wei Wei, Yuanyuan Kong, Junqi Niu, Jia Shang, Wen Xie, Yuexin Zhang, Hong Ren, Hong Tang, Huiguo Ding, Yuemin Nan, Xiaoguang Dou, Tao Han, Xiaoyuan Xu, Zhongping Duan, Lai Wei, Jinlin Hou, Hui Zhuang, Hong You, Jidong Jia
AIMS: The disease burden of chronic HBV infection in China remains high, although the rate of new infections has become extremely low. To facilitate real-world clinical study of chronic HBV infection, we established a nationwide hospital-based electronic platform, named the China Registry of Hepatitis B (CR-HepB). METHODS: This internet-based registry for chronic hepatitis B recruited patients from tertiary or secondary hospitals that have particular interest and expertise in managing hepatitis B patients...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Øystein Hetlevik, Tina L Vie, Eivind Meland, Hans J Breidablik, David Jahanlu
AIMS: Self-rated health (SRH) is a predictor of future health. However, the association between SRH in adolescence and health problems and health care utilization in adulthood has rarely been investigated. The aim of this study was to examine adolescent SRH as a predictor of general practitioner consultations in adulthood. METHODS: SRH was registered in the Young-HUNT1 survey in 1995-1997 ( N=8828, mean age 16 years, 88% participation rate). General practitioner consultations during 2006-2014 were obtained from a national claims database...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ragnhildur Gudmundsdottir, Christina M Hultman, Unnur Valdimarsdottir
AIMS: Following the 2004 Southeast Asian tsunami, Swedish authorities received public criticism for slow implementation of rescue work. Meanwhile, data are scarce on survivors' perspectives and potential mental health symptoms associated with timing of evacuation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate survivors' contentment with evacuation time and whether duration at disaster site following the 2004 tsunami was associated with post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and psychological morbidity...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ingeborg Lund, Janne Scheffels
AIMS: Norwegian adolescents currently drink and smoke less on average than previous cohorts. Based on cross-sectional survey data, the individual and familial characteristics of 15-year-old non-users and users of alcohol and tobacco were compared to identify correlates to abstinence. METHODS: The survey was approved by the Norwegian Social Science Service. The sample consisted of 3107 adolescents from a 2011 school-based survey, of which 848 (27.3%) did not drink alcohol nor use tobacco...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Noora J Berg, Olli H Kiviruusu, Tomi P Lintonen, Taina M Huurre
AIM: This study examined whether development of psychological symptoms (PS) differed between persons with different longitudinal profiles of heavy episodic drinking (HED) from adolescence to midlife. In addition, the reciprocal associations between PS and HED were studied. METHODS: Participants of a Finnish cohort study in 1983 at age 16 ( N = 2194) were followed up at ages 22 ( N = 1656), 32 ( N = 1471), and 42 ( N = 1334). HED was assessed with frequency of intoxication (16-22 years) and having six or more drinks in a session (32-42 years)...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Malin Bergström, Emma Fransson, Michael B Wells, Lennart Köhler, Anders Hjern
AIM: Joint physical custody, children spending equal time in each parents' respective home after a parental divorce, is particularly common in Nordic compared with other Western countries. Older children have been shown to fare well in this practice but for young children there are few existing studies. The aim of this paper is to study psychological problems in 2- to 9-year-old Nordic children in different family forms. METHODS: Total symptom score according to the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire as well as scores showing externalizing problems were compared among 152 children in joint physical custody, 303 in single care and 3207 in nuclear families through multiple linear regression analyses...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Rúni Bláfoss, Jéssica K Micheletti, Emil Sundstrup, Markus D Jakobsen, Hans Bay, Lars L Andersen
AIM: In spite of the many health-related benefits of regular physical activity, fatiguing work may be a barrier to performing leisure-time physical activity. This study investigates the association between work-related fatigue and the duration of low- and high-intensity leisure-time physical activity in workers with sedentary and physically demanding jobs. METHODS: From the 2010 round of the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study, currently employed wage earners from the general working population ( N=10,427) replied to questions about work-related fatigue (predictor) and duration of low- and high-intensity leisure-time physical activity (outcome)...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Bianca Manago, Bernice A Pescosolido, Sigrun Olafsdottir
AIMS: Quantitative survey research findings reveal that Western countries have lower rates of public stigma surrounding mental illness than other nations. However, qualitative media research across selected Western countries reports differences in stigmatising messages. Here, we take an in-depth look at country-level data exploring both similarities and differences in this stigma across three countries. Specifically, we use previous findings on global differences in public stigma and media to examine whether there is a correspondence between themes in newspaper reporting and variations in attitudes across seven stigma dimensions...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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