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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720022/good-work-ability-among-unemployed-individuals-association-of-sociodemographic-work-related-and-well-being-factors
#1
Marja Hult, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Päivikki Koponen, Terhi Saaranen
AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the perceived work ability of unemployed individuals and to explore the association between perceived good work ability and sociodemographic, work-related and well-being factors. METHODS: The data were derived from the Finnish Regional Health and Well-being Study (ATH) collected by postal and Internet-based questionnaires in 2014-2015. The random sample was selected from the Finnish National Population Register. The present study includes data from unemployed or laid-off respondents ( n=1975) aged 20-65 years...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709386/health-complaints-in-late-adolescence-frequency-factor-structure-and-the-association-with-socio-economic-status
#2
Solbjørg Makalani Myrtveit Sæther, Børge Sivertsen, Siren Haugland, Tormod Bøe, Mari Hysing
AIMS: Little is known about social disparities in health in late adolescence. Among boys and girls aged 17-19, we aimed to (1) describe frequency of health complaints, (2) investigate the factor structure of health complaints and (3) examine the association between health complaints and socio-economic status (SES). METHODS: Data from the large population-based youth@hordaland survey ( n=10,253) were used. Health complaints were assessed by five items from the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Symptoms Checklist, SES by parental education and perceived family economy...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707567/the-impact-of-a-social-network-based-intervention-on-self-management-behaviours-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-living-in-socioeconomically-deprived-neighbourhoods-a-mixed-methods-approach
#3
Charlotte Vissenberg, Vera Nierkens, Irene van Valkengoed, Giel Nijpels, Paul Uitewaal, Barend Middelkoop, Karien Stronks
AIMS: This paper aims to explore the effect of the social network based intervention Powerful Together with Diabetes on diabetes self-management among socioeconomically deprived patients. This 10-month group intervention targeting patients and significant others aimed to improve self-management by stimulating social support and diminishing social influences that hinder self-management. METHODS: This intervention was evaluated in a quasi-experimental study using a mixed methods approach...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707565/neoliberalism-and-the-recommodification-of-health-inequalities-a-case-study-of-the-swedish-welfare-state-1980-to-2011
#4
Kristin Farrants, Clare Bambra
AIMS: This paper examines the effects of neoliberalism on health inequalities through an empirical examination of the recommodification of the social determinants of health. It uses a detailed case study of changes to three specific welfare policy domains in Sweden: unemployment, healthcare, and pensions. METHODS: Using time series data from the repeat cross-sectional Swedish Living Conditions Survey for 1980-2011, it examines: (1) the effects of reductions in the replacement rate value of unemployment benefit on inequalities in self-reported general health between the employed and the unemployed; (2) the effects of reductions in the replacement rate value of pensions on educational inequalities in self-reported general health among pensioners; and (3) the effects of the increase in user charges on inequalities in having visited a doctor in the past 3 months by educational level...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707564/time-trends-in-absolute-and-relative-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-leisure-time-physical-inactivity-in-northern-sweden
#5
Máté Szilcz, Paola A Mosquera, Miguel San Sebastián, Per E Gustafsson
AIMS: The aim was to investigate the time trends in educational, occupational, and income-related inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity in 2006, 2010, and 2014 in northern Swedish women and men. METHODS: This study was based on data obtained from the repeated cross-sectional Health on Equal Terms survey of 2006, 2010, and 2014. The analytical sample consisted of 20,667 (2006), 31,787 (2010), and 21,613 (2014) individuals, aged 16-84. Logistic regressions were used to model the probability of physical inactivity given a set of explanatory variables...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707513/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-danish-10-item-connor-davidson-resilience-scale-among-hospital-staff
#6
Line Skjødt Lauridsen, Morten Vejs Willert, Anita Eskildsen, David Høyrup Christiansen
OBJECTIVES: The 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC 10) is a brief instrument measuring resilience in adults. The scale has shown sound psychometric properties in different populations and cultures. Our objectives were to cross-culturally adapt the CD-RISC 10 into Danish and to establish the psychometric properties of the Danish version in terms of internal consistency, construct validity and longitudinal validity. METHODS: The CD-RISC 10 was translated using established guidelines...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707511/maternal-fertility-problems-and-risk-for-transient-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Marie Hargreave, Susanne Krüger Kjaer, Marit Eika Jørgensen, Allan Jensen
AIMS: The study of imprinting disorders in the context of infertility and its treatment is important, as studies have indicated an increased risk. In this study, we evaluated the risk of transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (TNDM), defined here as diabetes mellitus presenting within the first six weeks of life, in children born to women with fertility problems. METHODS: This nationwide register-based cohort study comprised all 2,107,837 children born in Denmark between 1977 and 2010...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707502/appraisal-of-the-psychiatric-diagnostic-screening-questionnaire-in-a-perinatal-cohort-the-apron-study
#8
Brenda Leung, Nicole Letourneau, Katherine Bright, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Henry Ntanda, Lisa Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are routinely screened as part of perinatal care. However, other Axis 1 disorders and specific anxiety disorders are less likely to be screened or assessed as part of obstetric care. The objective of this study was to determine whether the Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire (PDSQ) is a potentially useful tool to screen for psychiatric conditions in pregnant and postpartum women in a community setting. METHODS: We compared the prevalence of DSM Axis I disorders obtained on the PDSQ with: (1) the prevalence of these disorders reported in previous studies of pregnant and postpartum women, and (2) scores obtained on the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90R) anxiety scale...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701089/increased-risk-of-herpes-zoster-in-patients-with-coeliac-disease-nationwide-cohort-study
#9
Jonas F Ludvigsson, Rok Seon Choung, Eric V Marietta, Joseph A Murray, Louise Emilsson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Clinical experience suggests that patients with coeliac disease (CD) are more prone to develop herpes zoster (HZ), but robust studies are lacking. METHODS: We identified 29,064 patients with CD 1969-2008 using biopsy report data from Sweden's 28 pathology departments. CD was equalled to villous atrophy (Marsh histopathology grade III). Each patient was matched on age, sex, calendar year and county of residence to up to five reference individuals ( n=144,342) from the general population...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701087/epidemiological-characteristics-associated-with-uptake-of-pneumococcal-vaccine-among-older-adults-living-in-the-community-in-singapore-results-from-the-national-health-surveillance-survey-2013
#10
Li Wei Ang, Jeffery Cutter, Lyn James, Kee Tai Goh
AIMS: In Singapore, pneumococcal vaccination is recommended for the elderly (i.e. those ≥65 years of age) and people with chronic medical conditions. We investigated epidemiological characteristics associated with the uptake of pneumococcal vaccine based on a nationally representative cross-sectional sample of community-living adults aged ≥50 years. METHODS: The data were obtained from the National Health Surveillance Survey (NHSS) 2013. Associations between pneumococcal vaccination and sociodemographic and health-related variables were analysed using univariable and multivariable logistic regression models...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701076/predictive-value-of-stroke-discharge-diagnoses-in-the-danish-national-patient-register
#11
Pernille Lühdorf, Kim Overvad, Erik B Schmidt, Søren P Johnsen, Flemming W Bach
AIMS: To determine the positive predictive values for stroke discharge diagnoses, including subarachnoidal haemorrhage, intracerebral haemorrhage and cerebral infarction in the Danish National Patient Register. METHODS: Participants in the Danish cohort study Diet, Cancer and Health with a stroke discharge diagnosis in the National Patient Register between 1993 and 2009 were identified and their medical records were retrieved for validation of the diagnoses. RESULTS: A total of 3326 records of possible cases of stroke were reviewed...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699425/do-health-complaints-in-adolescence-negatively-predict-the-chance-of-entering-tertiary-education-in-young-adulthood
#12
Sara B Låftman, Charlotta Magnusson
BACKGROUND: Self-reported psychological and psychosomatic health complaints, such as nervousness, sadness, headache and stomach-ache, are common among adolescents, particularly among girls, and studies suggest that the prevalence has risen among adolescent girls during the last few decades. However, only a limited number of studies have investigated the potential long-term consequences of such health complaints. The aim of the current study was to assess whether psychological and psychosomatic health complaints in adolescence predict the chance of entering tertiary education in young adulthood among women and men...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699419/chair-rise-capacity-and-associated-factors-in-older-home-care-clients
#13
Miia Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen, Irma Nykänen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of older home-care clients to perform the five times chair rise test and associated personal characteristics, nutritional status and functioning. METHODS: The study sample included 267 home-care clients aged ≥75 years living in Eastern and Central Finland. The home-care clients were interviewed at home by home-care nurses, nutritionists and pharmacists. The collected data contained sociodemographic factors, functional ability (Barthel Index, IADL), cognitive functioning (MMSE), nutritional status (MNA), depressive symptoms (GDS-15), medical diagnoses and drug use...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699411/ethnic-disparities-in-educational-and-occupational-gradients-of-estimated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-the-healthy-life-in-an-urban-setting-study
#14
Wilco Perini, Charles Agyemang, Marieke B Snijder, Ron J G Peters, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: European societies are becoming increasingly ethnically diverse. This may have important implications for socio-economic inequalities in health due to the often disadvantaged position of ethnic minority groups in both socio-economic status (SES) and disease, especially cardiovascular disease (CVD). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether the socio-economic gradient of estimated CVD risk differs between ethnic groups. METHODS: Using the Healthy Life in an Urban Setting study, we obtained data on SES and CVD risk factors among participants from six ethnic backgrounds residing in Amsterdam...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699393/mental-health-promotion-competencies-in-the-health-sector-in-finland-a-qualitative-study-of-the-views-of-professionals
#15
Nina Tamminen, Pia Solin, Eija Stengård, Lasse Kannas, Tarja Kettunen
AIMS: In this study, we aimed to investigate what competencies are needed for mental health promotion in health sector practice in Finland. METHODS: A qualitative study was carried out to seek the views of mental health professionals regarding mental health promotion-related competencies. The data were collected via two focus groups and a questionnaire survey of professionals working in the health sector in Finland. The focus groups consisted of a total of 13 professionals...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699392/unemployment-precarious-employment-and-health-in-young-people
#16
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699386/organisational-factors-and-occupational-balance-in-working-parents-in-sweden
#17
Madeleine Borgh, Frida Eek, Petra Wagman, Carita Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Parents with small children constitute a vulnerable group as they have an increased risk of sick leave due to stress-related disorders compared to adults without children. It has been shown that mothers and fathers to small children together spend more time in paid work than any other group, which could create negative stress and an experience of low occupational balance. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine associations between organisational factors and occupational balance among parents with small children in Sweden...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699383/flawed-communications-health-professionals-experience-of-collaboration-in-the-care-of-frail-elderly-patients
#18
Anders Hansson, Ann Svensson, Britt Hedman Ahlström, Lena G Larsson, Berit Forsman, Pia Alsén
AIMS: Frail elderly patients who have multiple illnesses do not fare well in modern health care systems, mainly due to a lack of care planning and flawed communication between health professionals in different care organisations. This is especially noticeable when patients are discharged from hospital. The aim of this study was to explore health care professionals' experience of obstacles and opportunities for collaboration. METHODS: Health professionals were invited to participate in three focus groups, each consisting of a hospital physician, a primary care physician, a hospital nurse, a primary care nurse, a municipal home care nurse or an assistant officer, a physical or occupational therapist and a patient or a family member representative...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693369/subjective-health-complaints-and-exposure-to-peer-victimization-among-disabled-and-non-disabled-adolescents-a-population-based-study-in-sweden
#19
Maria Fridh, Marie Köhler, Birgit Modén, Martin Lindström, Maria Rosvall
AIMS: To investigate subjective health complaints (SHCs) (psychological and somatic, respectively) among disabled and non-disabled adolescents, focusing on the impact of traditional bullying and cyber harassment, and furthermore to report psychological and somatic SHCs across different types of disability. METHODS: Data from the public health survey of children and adolescents in Scania, Sweden, 2012 was used. A questionnaire was answered anonymously in school by 9791 students in the 9th grade (response rate 83%), and 7533 of these with valid answers on key questions were included in this study...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691640/design-of-the-fins-teens-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial-assessing-the-impact-of-fatty-fish-on-cognitive-performance-in-adolescents
#20
Siv Skotheim, Lisbeth Dahl, Katina Handeland, Livar Frøyland, Øyvind Lie, Jannike Øyen, Marian Kjellevold, Kjell Morten Stormark, Ingvild Eide Graff
AIMS: To describe the rationale, study design, population and dietary compliance in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigating the effect of fatty fish on cognitive performance and mental health in adolescents. METHOD: In the Fish Intervention Studies-TEENS (FINS-TEENS) study we individually randomized 478 adolescents (14-15-year-olds) from eight secondary schools in Norway to receive school meal lunches with fatty fish or meat or n-3 supplements three times a week for 12 weeks...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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