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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

Jaakko Reinikainen, Perttu Saarsalmi, Tommi Härkänen, Pekka Jousilahti, Juha Karvanen, Satu Männistö, Hanna Tolonen
AIMS: Health examination surveys (HES) provide important information about population health and health-related factors, but declining participation rates threaten the representativeness of collected data. It is hard to conduct national HESs at examination clinics near to every sampled individual. Thus, it is interesting to look into the possible association between the distance from home to the examination clinic and non-participation, and whether there is a certain distance after which the participation activity decreases considerably...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ola Ekholm, Michael Davidsen, Christina Viskum Lytken Larsen, Knud Juel
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between problem gambling and health-related quality of life, stress, pain or discomfort and the use of analgesics and sleeping pills. METHODS: Data derives from the Danish Health and Morbidity Survey 2010. The survey was based on a random sample of 25,000 adult Danes (response rate: 61%), and data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire. The Lie/Bet Questionnaire was used as the screening instrument for problem gambling...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Mio Fredriksson, Max Eriksson, Jonathan Q Tritter
AIM: 'Participation and influence in society' is the first of 11 objective domains in Swedish public health policy. The aim of this article is to investigate the views of the Swedish general population on the impact of a range of health participation activities, and whether these views were associated with sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: The study utilizes a national representative survey of the Swedish population, aged 15 years and over ( n = 1500). RESULTS: Apart from voting in regional elections - which most of the respondents believed to be an influential way to make improvements in healthcare (74%) - respondents believed more in individual patient activities than activities associated with adopting a citizen role and acting collectively...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Noora Kanerva, Jukka Kontto, Maijaliisa Erkkola, Jaakko Nevalainen, Satu Männistö
AIMS: Factors that contribute to the development of overweight are numerous and form a complex structure with many unknown interactions and associations. We aimed to explore this structure (i.e. the mutual importance or hierarchy of sociodemographic and lifestyle-related risk factors of being overweight) using a machine-learning technique called random forest (RF). The results were compared with traditional logistic regression (LR) analysis. METHODS: The cross-sectional FINRISK 2007 Study included 4757 Finns (aged 25-74 years)...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
E S L Pedersen, L H Mortensen, S Brage, A L Bjerregaard, M Aadahl
BACKGROUND: The Physical Activity Scale (PAS2) was developed to measure physical activity (PA) during work, transportation and leisure time, in the Danish adult population. The objective of this study was to assess the criterion validity of PAS2 against a combined accelerometer and heart rate monitor in Danish adults and to investigate if the criterion validity differed by socio-demographic factors and body mass index. METHOD: A total of 330 Danish adults (mean age = 46...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Juho Kopra, Tommi Härkänen, Hanna Tolonen, Pekka Jousilahti, Kari Kuulasmaa, Jaakko Reinikainen, Juha Karvanen
AIMS: A common objective of epidemiological surveys is to provide population-level estimates of health indicators. Survey results tend to be biased under selective non-participation. One approach to bias reduction is to collect information about non-participants by contacting them again and asking them to fill in a questionnaire. This information is called re-contact data, and it allows to adjust the estimates for non-participation. METHODS: We analyse data from the FINRISK 2012 survey, where re-contact data were collected...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Francia Fausto, Pandolfi Paolo, Odone Anna, Signorelli Carlo
AIMS: The aims of this study were to explore 2015 mortality data further and to assess excess deaths' determinants. METHODS: We analysed data from a large metropolitan area in the north of Italy, the city of Bologna. We took advantage of a comprehensive local-level database and merged three different data sources to analitically explore reported 2014-2015 excess mortality and its determinants. Effect estimates were derived from multivariable Poisson regression analysis, according to vaccination status and frailty index...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ranu Sewdas, Allard J van der Beek, Astrid de Wind, Lennart G L van der Zwaan, Cécile R L Boot
AIM: The ageing society and recent policy changes may lead to an increase of older workers with chronic diseases in the workforce. To date, it is unclear whether workers with chronic diseases have specific needs while employed. The aim of this study is to explore the differences in determinants of working until retirement compared to a reference group who have transitioned to early retirement among workers with and without chronic diseases. METHODS: Dutch workers aged 57-62 years ( n = 2445) were selected from an existing prospective cohort study, 'STREAM'...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Charlotte Jeppesen, Helle T Maindal, Jette K Kristensen, Per G Ovesen, Daniel R Witte
AIMS: The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is increasing worldwide. We studied the prevalence of GDM from 2004 to 2012 in Danish women aged 15-49 years using registries with records of the diagnosis of GDM at delivery. METHODS: We conducted a national register-based study of 12,538 women with a diagnosis of GDM during a pregnancy leading to a live birth in the period 2004-2012. The diagnosis of GDM was taken from the National Patient Registry and combined with the total number of births at the national level from Statistics Denmark...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Lea Elsborg, Fie Krossdal, Lars Kayser
AIMS: It is important to address people's health literacy when providing health care. Health professionals should be aware of, and have insight into, people's health literacy when they provide health services. Health professionals need to be health literate themselves. We examined the level of health literacy in students in Denmark attending one of four full university programmes related to health and investigated how their health literacy was associated with their sociodemographic background...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Gabriel Gulis, Maja Bertram, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Eva Ladekjær Larsen, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Torbjørn Torsheim, Jens M Nygren, Mette Rasmussen, Arsæll M Arnarsson, Pernille Bendtsen, Christina W Schnohr, Line Nielsen, Maria Nyholm
AIMS: We aimed to estimate the magnitude of socioeconomic inequality in self-rated health among Nordic adolescents (aged 11, 13 and 15 years) using the Family Affluence Scale (a composite measure of material assets) and perceived family wealth as indicators of socioeconomic status. METHODS: Data were collected from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey in 2013-2014. A sample of 32,560 adolescents from Denmark, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Greenland and Sweden was included in the study...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Vegard Skirbekk, Megan Todd, Marcin Stonawski
AIMS: Religious affiliation influences societal practices regarding death and dying, including palliative care, religiously acceptable health service procedures, funeral rites and beliefs about an afterlife. We aimed to estimate and project religious affiliation at the time of death globally, as this information has been lacking. METHODS: We compiled data on demographic information and religious affiliation from more than 2500 surveys, registers and censuses covering 198 nations/territories...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Lisa Mather, Victoria Blom, Gunnar Bergström, Pia Svedberg
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate whether sick leave due to different mental disorders increased the risk of reoccurring sick-leave, disability pension and unemployment, taking genetics and shared environment into account. METHODS: This register-based cohort study contains 2202 discordant twin pairs 18-64 years old, where one twin had sick leave due to a mental disorder 2005-2006. The end of the sick-leave spell was the start of follow-up for both twins...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Otto-Patrik Frieberg, Eva Millqvist, Jan Nilsson, Ingrid From
AIM: The aim of this study was to develop and to validate the self-administered Falun health instrument. An additional aim was to test its applicability in measuring people's lifestyles linked to health. METHODS: In 2002, an instrument was constructed containing questions regarding the hazardous use of alcohol, tobacco, unhealthy diets and insufficient physical activity. A pilot study using the instrument was assessed between 2002 and 2006. In Sweden, it was further expanded and tested during the years 2004-2014 among a total of 1295 people...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Regine Ringdal, Mary-Elizabeth Bradley Eilertsen, Hanne Nissen Bjørnsen, Geir Arild Espnes, Unni Karin Moksnes
AIM: This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the original 14-item version of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS) and the short 7-item version (SWEMWBS) to validate these scales for use among Norwegian adolescents. METHOD: Cross-sectional data were collected by distributing questionnaires among students in five upper secondary schools in Norway with a net sample of n = 1814. Exploratory- and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) and a reliability analysis were conducted and possible floor and ceiling effects were examined to evaluate the scales...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Julia A Ellbrant, S Jonas Åkeson, Pia M Karlsland Åkeson
AIMS: Direct seeking of care at paediatric emergency departments may result from an inadequate awareness or a short supply of medical alternatives. We therefore evaluated the care-seeking patterns, availability of medical options and initial medical assessments - with overall reference to socioeconomic status - of parents at an urban paediatric emergency department in a Scandinavian country providing free paediatric healthcare. METHODS: The parents of children assessed by paediatric emergency department physicians at a Swedish university hospital over a 25-day winter period completed a questionnaire on recent medical contacts and their reasons for attendance...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Line Neerup Handlos, Jorgen Holm Petersen, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, Marie Norredam
AIMS: A number of aspects of the health status of migrants who return to their country of origin have been explored in the literature; however, a more general description of the incidence of disease and demographic characteristics is lacking. The aim of this research was to contribute such a description. METHODS: A nationwide cohort study was conducted of 114,331 migrants who obtained residence in Denmark between 1 January 1993 and 31 December 2010. Demographic characteristics and ten disease groups were included as explanatory variables and hazards ratios for the association between return migration and disease incidence, as well as demographic characteristics, were estimated using Cox regressions...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Annika Norell-Clarke, Curt Hagquist
AIMS: The aim was to investigate changes in child and adolescent sleep habits in Sweden over time. This had not been done previously. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire data over three decades of investigations of the Health Behaviours of School Children study (1985/1986, 2005/2006 and 2013/2014) were used. The sample included 18,682 children and adolescents, aged 11, 13 and 15. Empirically based age-specific sleep duration recommendations were used to operationalise sleep duration...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Grethe Søndergaard, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton, Laust Hvas Mortensen, Merete Osler
AIMS: Educational inequality in diseases in the circulatory system (here termed cardiovascular disease) is well documented but may be confounded by early life factors. The aim of this observational study was to examine whether the associations between education and all cardiovascular diseases, ischaemic heart disease and stroke, respectively, were explained by family factors shared by siblings. METHODS: The study population included all individuals born in Denmark between 1950 and 1979 who had at least one full sibling born in the same period...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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