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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

Gro Askgaard, Janne S Tolstrup, Mette S Kjær, David A Leon
AIMS: Alcoholic liver cirrhosis is usually preceded by years of heavy drinking. We investigated whether the risk of alcoholic liver cirrhosis increases as the number of hospital contacts with alcohol problems goes up. METHODS: This was a supplementary analysis on a nationwide register-based cohort study. All patients in Denmark with an initial hospital contact with alcohol problems (alcohol intoxication, harmful alcohol use or alcohol dependence) 1998-2002, free of liver disease, were followed for diagnosis of alcoholic liver cirrhosis...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Lars Benjaminsen, Jesper Fels Birkelund
AIMS: This article analyses excess morbidity amongst homeless shelter users compared to the general Danish population. The study provides an extensive control for confounding and investigates to what extent excess morbidity is explained by homelessness or other risk factors. METHODS: Data set includes administrative micro-data for 4,068,926 Danes who were 23 years or older on 1 January 2007. Nationwide data on shelter use identified 14,730 individuals as shelter users from 2002 to 2006...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Mirkka Maukonen, Satu Männistö, Hanna Tolonen
AIMS: Up-to-date information on the accuracy between different anthropometric data collection methods is vital for the reliability of anthropometric data. A previous review on this matter was conducted a decade ago. Our aim was to conduct a literature review on the accuracy of self-reported height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) against measured values for assessing obesity in adults. To obtain an overview of the present situation, we included studies published after the previous review...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Gro Beate Samdal, Eivind Meland, Geir Egil Eide, Sveinung Berntsen, Eirik Abildsnes, Tonje H Stea, Thomas Mildestvedt
AIMS: We examine the characteristics of participants entering Norwegian Healthy Life Centres, their reasons for attending and whether socio-economic status, motivation, self-efficacy and social support relate to physical activity and sedentary behaviour. METHODS: This cross-sectional study is part of a randomised controlled trial. Inclusion criteria are that participants should be ≥ 18 years old and able to take part in a physical activity group intervention. Exclusion criteria are severe mental illness and general learning disability...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Oddgeir Synnes, Kirsti Malterud
AIMS: This study aims to explore how minority stress related to sexual orientation is reflected in narratives from lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals in Norway, with an impact for national public health policy. METHODS: Arthur Frank's dialogical narrative analysis was applied to personal stories from 65 persons self-referring to different categories of queer identities, submitted online anonymously to a Norwegian national archive for queer history. A purposive sample of three different stories were selected due to their capacity to illuminate how various aspects of minority stress are narrated in diverse interplays between individual voices and resources, and cultural scripts and societal influences...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Carolina Pérez-Ferrer, Abbygail Jaccard, Andre Knuchel-Takano, Lise Retat, Martin Brown, Vilma Kriaucioniene, Laura Webber
AIMS: The aim of this study was to project educational inequalities in obesity and smoking prevalence to 2050 based on past obesity and smoking trends by education level. METHODS: Data on obesity (body mass index ≥ 30) and smoking prevalence (current smokers) by education level (tertiary education and less than tertiary) from nationally representative cross-sectional surveys were collected for the following six countries participating in the Economics of Chronic Diseases project (EConDA): England, Finland, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland (obesity only) and Portugal (obesity only)...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Royasia Viki Ramadani, Paola A Mosquera, Miguel San Sebastián, Per E Gustafsson
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and whether this relationship is influenced by the level of income in Northern Sweden. Overweight and obesity are rising major public health problems which also affect HRQoL. While socioeconomic inequalities in health are persisting or increasing in many countries, including Sweden, little attention has been paid to the more complex roles of income in relation to health...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Kristin Buvik, Elin K Bye, Johanna Gripenberg
AIMS: There is increased concern about the use of alcohol and illicit drugs in nightlife settings. Most studies of substance use in nightlife settings are from the patrons' perspective, which leaves an understudied population - the nightclub staff. The aim of this paper is to study self-reported alcohol and substance use among staff at licensed premises in Norway: types of illicit drugs used, attitudes towards drugs, and observed drug use among patrons. METHODS: A survey was conducted at server-training courses in 20 different cities in Norway during 2015...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Mie Balling, Teresa Holmberg, Christina B Petersen, Mette Aadahl, Dan W Meyrowitsch, Janne S Tolstrup
AIMS: This study aimed to test the hypotheses that a high total sitting time and vigorous physical activity in leisure time increase the risk of low back pain and herniated lumbar disc disease. METHODS: A total of 76,438 adults answered questions regarding their total sitting time and physical activity during leisure time in the Danish Health Examination Survey 2007-2008. Information on low back pain diagnoses up to 10 September 2015 was obtained from The National Patient Register...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Jonas Hällgren, Urban Ösby, Jeanette Westman, Mika Gissler
AIM: We investigated mortality from external causes in Swedish people who had been hospitalised with a severe mental disorder. METHODS: Hospitalisations in people aged 15 years or older admitted to hospital with a main diagnosis of schizophrenia, bipolar mood disorder or unipolar mood disorder between 1987 and 2010 were linked to their causes of death. RESULTS: The mortality rate from all external causes was 20-fold higher in those with unipolar mood disorder, 15-fold higher in those with bipolar disorder and 12-fold higher in those with schizophrenia than in the general population...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Thomas Bo Jensen, Espen Jimenez-Solem, Rikke Cortes, Cecilie Betzer, Sara Bøge Breinholt, Kasper Meidahl Petersen, Tonny Studsgaard Petersen, Jakob Kjellberg, Hanne Rolighed Christensen, Jon Trærup Andersen
AIMS: Registries on in-hospital drug use are sparse, especially those that can be linked to nationwide registries. In this study, we present and validate the Electronic Patient Medication module (EPM)-the electronic administrative database on in-hospital drug use covering the Capital Region of Denmark. METHODS: The research database (EPM-research) is an adaptation of the database underlying the electronic administrative database for in-hospital drug use (EPM-clinic)...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Helen Andersson, Lennart Hedström, Stefan Bergman, Håkan Bergh
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a two-step screening method for hypertension in dentistry regarding the number needed to screen (NNS) and positive predictive value (PPV) and to risk-classify those with newly diagnosed hypertension. METHODS: In connection with their regular dental care check-up, 2025 subjects aged 40-75 years were screened for high blood pressure. Via a health questionnaire, data were collected concerning risk factors. Blood pressure was screened comprehensively in two steps, which included screening in a dental clinic and home measurements for one week...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Katariina Hinkka, Mikko Niemelä, Ilona Autti-Rämö, Heikki Palomäki
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore Finnish physicians' perceptions of sickness absence (SA) certification. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 50% of the physicians in Finland who provide care to working-age patients in a clinical practice setting. Of the 8867 physicians, 3089 responded. Physicians handling SA certification patients at least a few times per month were included ( n = 2472). RESULTS: At least a few times per month, 61% of all physicians perceived SA issues as problematic, 60% had experienced a lack of time in dealing with SA matters, 36% had disagreed with a patient on SA certification, and 36% had met a patient who wanted a SA certificate for reasons other than a disease or injury...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Kurt Jensen, Charlotte Nielsen, Claus Thorn Ekstrøm, Kirsten K Roessler
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the effect of exercise training on physical capacity and alcohol consumption in alcohol use disorder (AUD) patients. METHODS: One hundred and five AUD patients were randomly assigned to treatment as usual combined with running and brisk walking for 30-45 min twice a week, either in small supervised groups (GR) or individually (IND), or to a control group with no running (C). Assessments were made after 6 and 12 months of training...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Anne Himberg-Sundet, Anne Lene Kristiansen, Mona Bjelland, Thomas Moser, Asle Holthe, Lene F Andersen, Nanna Lien
AIM: The aim of the present study was to explore the associations between the economic, political, sociocultural and physical environments in kindergartens, along with the frequency and variety of vegetables served, and the amount of vegetables eaten. METHOD: The BRA Study collected data through two paper-based questionnaires answered by the kindergarten leader and pedagogical leader of each selected kindergarten, and a five-day vegetable diary from kindergartens ( n = 73) in Vestfold and Buskerud Counties, Norway...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Tore Bonsaksen, Anners Lerdal, Trond Heir, Øivind Ekeberg, Laila Skogstad, Tine K Grimholt, Inger Schou-Bredal
AIMS: General self-efficacy (GSE) refers to optimistic self-beliefs of being able to perform and control behaviors, and is linked with various physical and mental health outcomes. Measures of self-efficacy are commonly used in health research with clinical populations, but are less explored in relationship to sociodemographic characteristics in general populations. This study investigated GSE in relation to sociodemographic characteristics in the general population in Norway. METHODS: As part of a larger national survey, the GSE scale was administered to a general population sample, and 1787 out of 4961 eligible participants (response rate 36%) completed the scale...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Elzana Odzakovic, Lars-Christer Hydén, Karin Festin, Agneta Kullberg
AIMS: This study aims to examine what types of home care services and housing are granted to people with a dementia diagnosis and how these types are associated with socio-demographic factors (sex, age, marital status, native or foreign born, and regional area). METHODS: A cross-sectional study of all people diagnosed with dementia in three Swedish counties was conducted from the medical records in 2012. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to investigate associations between home care services and housing and socio-demographic variables...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Nina Konstantin Nissen, Mjöll Jónsdóttir, Helle Spindler, Ann-Dorthe Olsen Zwisler
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle behaviours are important risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) and, hence, motivation for lifestyle changes is suggested to be a key factor in the success of cardiac rehabilitation and secondary prevention programmes. The motivation for changing lifestyle among people with CHD may be influenced by those with whom they have long-term, intimate relationships. AIMS: This study explores the role of the relationship between people with CHD and those closest to them in making lifestyle changes...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Mette Vinther Skriver, Michael Væth, Henrik Støvring
AIMS: The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) is a widely used measure. A recent methodological study provided an accurate approximate relationship between an SMR and difference in lifetime expectancies. This study examines the usefulness of the theoretical relationship, when comparing historic mortality data in four Scandinavian populations. METHODS: For Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, data on mortality every fifth year in the period 1950 to 2010 were obtained...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Maria Kaneva, Christopher J Gerry, Valerii Baidin
AIMS: Chronic disorders, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, respiratory diseases and diabetes, are the leading cause of mortality globally, representing 68% of all recorded deaths. The incidence of chronic disease and multiple chronic disease is rising across the world, but relatively little is known about the impact of multi-morbidities on the life experiences of those individuals who encounter them. In this paper, we examine and quantify the relationship between chronic illness, multi-morbidity and the individual self-assessed health of the Russian population using individual-level Russian data and a novel quantitative technique...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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