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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

Anne Brunstad, Katrine Aasekjær, Ingvild Aune, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore and describe fathers' experiences during the first postnatal week after early discharge of mother and baby from the maternity unit. METHODS: A meta-synthesis. INCLUSION CRITERIA: peer-reviewed qualitative single studies of fathers' experiences during the first week after early discharge (defined as less than 72 hours postpartum) from hospital after the birth of a healthy singleton baby born between weeks 37 and 40...
November 14, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Kirsten K Roessler, Sidsel Grove
Sleep problems in adolescence have both somatic and psychological consequences for health. Most adolescents spend a considerable amount of time in school, but there is little published research on how the school environment affects adolescent health and well-being. This commentary explores whether using a nap room in the middle of the school day can reduce perceived stress and fatigue in high school students and improve their sleep quality. We show that a short nap of 10 minutes can prevent stress-related problems...
November 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ulrike Baum, Kari Auranen, Sangita Kulathinal, Ritva Syrjänen, Hanna Nohynek, Jukka Jokinen
This paper presents the principles of implementing register-based cohort studies as currently applied for real-time estimation of influenza vaccine effectiveness in Finland. All required information is retrieved from computerised national registers and deterministically linked via the unique personal identity code assigned to each Finnish resident. The study cohorts comprise large subpopulations eligible for a free seasonal influenza vaccination as part of the National Vaccination Programme. The primary outcome is laboratory-confirmed influenza...
November 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Pragya Gautam Poudel, Cristina S Barroso
AIMS: Child trafficking in South and Southeast Asia is widespread and deeply troubling. While several agencies have initiated anti-child-trafficking interventions, it is unknown whether they address the 21 social determinants of child trafficking identified by Perry and McEwing (2013). The aim of this integrative review was to explore the anti-child-trafficking strategies employed by governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that target the social determinants of child trafficking in South and Southeast Asia, and identify which levels of the socio-ecological model (SEM) they address...
November 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Elżbieta Anna Czapka, Jennifer Gerwing, Mette Sagbakken
AIMS: Polish migration to Norway is a relatively new phenomenon. Many Polish migrants do not speak Norwegian or have insufficient knowledge of the language, which makes it difficult or impossible to communicate with health personnel. The main aim of the study was to identify barriers and facilitators to Polish migrants' access and use of interpreter services in health care settings in Norway. METHODS: Nineteen semi-structured interviews with Polish migrants were carried out in 2013 and 2014...
October 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Maria Lindéus, Martin Englund, Aliasghar A Kiadaliri
AIM: To assess the absolute and relative educational inequalities in mortality from hip and non-hip fractures in Skåne region, Sweden. METHODS: We conducted a population-based open cohort study. People aged 30-99 years, resident in the region during 1998-2013 ( n = 999, 148) were followed until death, their 100th birthday, relocation outside Skåne, or the end of 2014. We obtained individual-level data from the Statistics Sweden and the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare's Cause of Death Register...
October 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Indra De Soysa, Oda L Lewin
AIMS: Do gender inequality and gender discrimination explain female obesity? Discrimination denies access to choose and constrains agency. SCOPE: Using the Global Burden of Disease data on overweight and obesity share of the adult female population for almost 160 countries over a 24-year period, we find that female empowerment has no effect on the population share that is overweight, but it reduces the obese share of women. The substantive impact is, however, slight and the results are not robust to testing a sample of only developing countries...
October 21, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Isabell K Rumrich, Kirsi Vähäkangas, Matti Viluksela, Mika Gissler, Heljä-Marja Surcel, Antti Korhonen, Hanna De Ruyter, Otto Hänninen
AIMS: In Finland, smoking rates in the general population are decreasing due to increased awareness of the adverse effects and tightened tobacco legislation. However, previous studies have shown that smoking in pregnant Finnish women remained as high as in the general Finnish female population at around 15% in 2010. Our aim was to describe temporal and spatial trends in smoking behaviour, and determinants of changes in smoking behaviour between first and second pregnancy. METHODS: Self-reported smoking from the Finnish Medical Birth Register covered the years 1991-2015 ( N=1,435,009)...
October 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Charlotte W Appel, Kirsten Frederiksen, Henrik Hjalgrim, Atle Dyregrov, Susanne O Dalton, Annemarie Dencker, Mette Terp Høybye, Jes Dige, Per Bøge, Ole Abildgaard Mikkelsen, Christoffer Johansen, Pernille Envold Bidstrup
AIMS: Little is known about long-term mental health in young adults who participate in ongoing grief counseling programs after early parental death in childhood, adolescence or young adulthood. The purpose of this study was to examine mental health in young adults according to early parental death and participation in grief counseling. METHODS: In a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study, we included three samples of young adults age 18-41 years. One sample who had lost a parent between age 0 and 30 years and who had participated in grief counseling identified through four Danish grief-counseling organizations, and two registry-based samples of young adults included parentally bereaved and non-bereaved young adults...
October 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Kasper Salin, Mirja Hirvensalo, Anna Kankaanpää, Costan G Magnussen, Xiaolin Yang, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Jorma Viikari, Olli T Raitakari, Risto Telama, Tuija H Tammelin
AIM: The aim of this prospective four-year follow-up study was to examine how socioeconomic status (SES) and change in marital status are associated with the change in pedometer-measured physical activity (PA) in adulthood among participants in the 'Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study'. METHODS: Questionnaires were completed and pedometers worn at baseline in 2007 and again at follow-up in 2011 by 1051 Finnish adults (62.3% female, aged 30-45 years in 2007)...
October 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Satu Ojala, Pasi Pyöriä
AIMS: Precarious employment is an emerging determinant of occupational health, but its association with work-related disability remains little understood. We operationalised precarious work as a multidimensional construct and examined how the accumulation of precarious job features predicts the incidence of receiving a disability pension (DP). METHODS: The study comprised 13,228 employees aged 20-54 who had been interviewed for the Finnish Quality of Work Life Surveys in 1984, 1990, 1997, or 2003...
October 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Kristian Heggebø, Anne Grete Tøge, Espen Dahl, John Erik Berg
AIMS: The so-called 'Great Recession' in Europe triggered widespread concerns about population health, as reflected by an upsurge in empirical research on the health impacts of the economic crisis. A growing body of empirical studies has also been devoted to socioeconomic inequalities in health during the Great Recession. The aim of the current study is to summarise this health inequality literature by means of a scoping review. METHODS: We have performed a scoping review of the research literature (English language) published in the years 2012-2017...
October 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Eline Ree, Tone Langjordet Johnsen, Anette Harris, Kirsti Malterud
AIM: To explore how employees experience workplace inclusion of their colleagues or themselves when having back pain or mental health problems. METHODS: Three focus group interviews with a sample of 16 kindergarten employees were conducted. Systematic Text Condensation was used for analysis. RESULTS: The participants emphasized that it was easier to include colleagues whose health problems were specific, especially when they were open about having problems and expressed their needs for accommodation clearly...
October 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Catarina Canivet, Gunnar Aronsson, Johanna StengÅRd, P-O ÖStergren
AIMS: The aim of the study was to investigate the role of social embeddedness on and off the job in relation to remaining in non-desired workplaces (NDWs) and the development of mental health. METHOD: The study used questionnaire data from the Scania Public Health cohort ( N=2410) that were collected in 2000 (T1), 2005 (T2) and 2010 (T3). Logistic regression models were calculated to probe how NDWs and social embeddedness factors measured at baseline (T1) related to NDWs five years later (T2), and to investigate how NDWs and social embeddedness factors at T2 related to poor mental health at T3...
October 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Anna Pulakka, Jaana I Halonen, Jaana Pentti, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera, Sari Stenholm
AIMS: We examined the effect of retirement transition on changes in smoking, identified trajectories of smoking around the retirement transition, and investigated factors predicting the membership in the trajectories. METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study included 1,432 current or former smokers who entered into statutory retirement in 2000-2011 and who filled out two to four questionnaires sent at four-year intervals. Effect of retirement on smoking was analysed as a non-randomized pseudo-trial in which we compared the likelihood of quitting and relapsing smoking between two subsequent survey waves among those who retired and did not retire...
October 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Anna Svärd, Jouni Lahti, Minna Mänty, Eira Roos, Ossi Rahkonen, Eero Lahelma, Tea Lallukka
AIMS: Obesity and weight change are associated with sickness absence; however, less is known about the diagnoses for sickness absence. We examined the association between stable and changing weight by body mass index groups with sickness absence due to any, musculoskeletal and mental diagnoses among midlife female and male employees. METHODS: The Finnish Helsinki Health Study phase 1 survey took place in 2000-2002 (response rate 67%) and phase 2 in 2007 (response rate 83%)...
September 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Marcus E Cöster, Magnus Karlsson, Claes Ohlsson, Dan Mellström, Mattias Lorentzon, Eva Ribom, Björn Rosengren
AIMS: Falls are common in the elderly population, and fall-related injuries are a major health issue. We investigated the ability of simple physical tests to predict incident falls. METHODS: The Swedish Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) study includes 3014 population-based men aged 69-81 years at the start of the study. These men performed five different physical tests at baseline: right-hand grip strength, left-hand grip strength, timed stand test, 6 m walking test (time and steps) and narrow walking test...
September 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ragna Elise Støre Govatsmark, Imre Janszky, Stig Arild Slørdahl, Marta Ebbing, Rune Wiseth, Bjørnar Grenne, Elisabeth Vesterbekkmo, Kaare Harald Bønaa
AIMS: Health registers are used for administrative purposes, disease surveillance, quality assessment, and research. The value of the registers is entirely dependent on the quality of their data. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the completeness and correctness of the acute myocardial infarction (AMI) diagnosis in the Norwegian Myocardial Infarction Register and in the Norwegian Patient Register. METHODS: All Norwegian patients admitted directly to St Olavs hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital from 1 July to 31 December 2012 and who had plasma levels of cardiac troponin T measured during their hospitalization ( n=4835 unique individuals, n=5882 hospitalizations) were identified in the hospital biochemical database...
September 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Daniel Oudin Åström, Christofer Åström, Bertil Forsberg, Ana M Vicedo-Cabrera, Antonio Gasparrini, Anna Oudin, Kristina Sundquist
AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate if set thresholds in the Swedish heat-wave warning system are valid for all parts of Sweden and if the heat-wave warning system captures a potential increase in all-cause mortality and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. An additional aim was to investigate whether neighbourhood deprivation modifies the relationship between heat waves and mortality. METHODS: From 1990 until 2014, in 14 municipalities in Sweden, we collected data on daily maximum temperatures and mortality for the five warmest months...
September 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Wael A Zeid, John S Andersen, Maria Kristiansen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore patterns of complementary and alternative medicine use among Arab immigrants in Denmark, in order to increase insight into the hidden practices of this ethnic group. METHODS: In this study, 21 Arab immigrants in Denmark were interviewed in Arabic. A purposive strategic sample was recruited from mosques, a healthcare center and by snowballing. Semi-structured interviews were conducted, then audiotaped and transcribed. The analysis was conducted according to Malterud's principles for systematic text condensation and guidelines for qualitative research...
September 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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