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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152652/the-effect-of-regional-politics-on-regional-life-expectancy-in-italy-1980-2010
#1
Marcel F Jonker, Edoardo D'Ippolito, Terje A Eikemo, Peter D Congdon, Nicola Nante, Johan P Mackenbach, Carlijn B M Kamphuis
BACKGROUND: The evidence on the association between politics and health is scarce considering the importance of this topic for population health. Studies that investigated the effect of different political regimes on health outcomes show inconsistent results. METHODS: Bayesian time-series cross-section analyses are used to examine the overall impact of regional politics on variations in Italian regional life expectancy (LE) at birth during the period 1980-2010. Our analyses control for trends in and unobserved determinants of regional LE, correct for temporal as well as spatial autocorrelation, and employ a flexible specification for the timing of the political effects...
February 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181463/reproducibility-of-an-extensive-self-report-questionnaire-used-in-secondary-coronary-prevention
#2
Kari Peersen, John Munkhaugen, Lars Gullestad, Toril Dammen, Torbjorn Moum, Jan Erik Otterstad
AIMS: Self-reported information from questionnaires is frequently used in clinical epidemiological studies, but few provide information on the reproducibility of instruments applied in secondary coronary prevention studies. This study aims to assess the test-retest reproducibility of the questionnaire applied in the cross-sectional NORwegian CORonary (NOR-COR) Prevention Study. METHODS: In the NOR-COR study 1127 coronary heart disease (CHD) patients completed a self-report questionnaire consisting of 249 questions, of which there are both validated instruments and de novo questions...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181462/cross-sectional-study-of-the-differences-between-measured-perceived-and-desired-body-size-and-their-relations-with-self-perceived-health-in-young-adults-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures-2
#3
Anne-Sofie Sand, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Olaug S Lian, Christopher S Nielsen, Gunn Pettersen, Anne Winther, Nina Emaus
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between measured body size (body mass index (BMI)), perceived body size, weight change wishes and self-perceived health in young adults. METHODS: The participants were recruited from a school-based population study in Norway, the Tromsø Study: Fit Futures 2, carried out in 2012-2013. A total of 629 young women and men (aged 18-23 years) reported on the main variables. The data were collected through weight and height measurements and questionnaires...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128015/non-communicable-diseases-and-the-social-determinants-of-health-in-the-nordic-countries-findings-from-the-european-social-survey-2014-special-module-on-the-social-determinants-of-health
#4
Mirza Balaj, Tim Huijts, Courtney L McNamara, Per Stornes, Clare Bambra, Terje A Eikemo
Comparative studies examining non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and determinants of health in the Nordic countries are scarce, outdated and focus only on a limited range of NCDs and health determinants. This study is the first to present a comprehensive overview of the distribution of social and behavioural determinants of health and of physical and mental NCDs in the Nordic population. We examined regional, country and gender differences for 17 health outcomes and 20 determinants of health. We use data from the 7th wave of the European Social Survey...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078948/care-seeking-for-children-with-fever-cough-or-diarrhoea-in-nepal-equity-trends-over-the-last-15-years
#5
Mats Målqvist, Chahana Singh, Ashish Kc
AIMS: Childhood illnesses such as diarrhoea and pneumonia remain major contributors to child mortality globally and need to be continually targeted in pursuit of universal health coverage. This study analyses time trends in the prevalence of fever/cough and diarrhoea in Nepal and applies an equity lens in order to identify disadvantaged groups. METHODS: Data from the Nepal Demographic Health Surveys of 2001, 2006, and 2011, together with data from the most recent Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey of 2014 performed in Nepal, were utilized for analysis...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078944/rethinking-the-relationship-between-socio-economic-status-and-health-making-the-case-for-sociological-theory-in-health-inequality-research
#6
Emil Øversveen, Håvard T Rydland, Clare Bambra, Terje A Eikemo
AIM: The aim of this study is to analyse previous explanations of social inequality in health and argue for a closer integration of sociological theory into future empirical research. METHODS: We examine cultural-behavioural, materialist, psychosocial and life-course approaches, in addition to fundamental cause theory. Giddens' structuration theory and a neo-materialist approach, inspired by Bruno Latour, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, are proposed as ways of rethinking the causal relationship between socio-economic status and health...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078921/regional-differences-in-mortality-hospital-discharges-and-primary-care-contacts-for-cardiovascular-disease
#7
Sigridur Haraldsdottir, Sigurdur Gudmundsson, Guđmundur Thorgeirsson, Sigrun H Lund, Unnur A Valdimarsdottir
AIMS: Surveillance of geographical variations in cardiovascular health is important in order to achieve the objectives of reducing regional health disparities. We aimed to explore differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and prevalence of CVD diagnoses made in primary and in-patient care, as well as risk factor distribution by geographic regions (urban/rural) in Iceland. METHODS: From nationwide health registers, we obtained data on CVD mortalities ( N = 7113), primary healthcare CVD contacts ( N = 58,246) and hospital CVD discharges ( N = 14,039), as well as data on CVD risk factors from a national health survey ( N = 5909; response rate 60...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078920/do-predictors-of-return-to-work-and-recurrence-of-work-disability-due-to-mental-disorders-vary-by-age-a-cohort-study
#8
Pauliina Mattila-Holappa, Jenni Ervasti, Matti Joensuu, Kirsi Ahola, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Jussi Vahtera, Mika KivimÄki, Marianna Virtanen
BACKGROUND: The extent to which predictors of return to work (RTW) and recurrence of work disability episodes vary by age group is not well understood. METHODS: We examined the associations of sociodemographic and clinical factors with RTW and recurrence after mental-disorder-related work disability episodes in a cohort of 10,496 Finnish public sector employees. Disability records were derived from national disability registers between 2005 and 2011. Effect modification by age was examined in age groups of 21-34, 35-50 and >50 years...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077063/gendered-health-inequalities-in-mental-well-being-the-nordic-countries-in-a-comparative-perspective
#9
Sigrun Olafsdottir
AIMS: The aims of this study were to: (a) compare gender differences in mental well-being in the Nordic countries with gender differences in 28 other countries around the world; and (b) evaluate whether gender differences in the Nordic countries remain when other social and lifestyle factors are taken into account. METHODS: Data were obtained from 32 countries around the world that participated in the 2011 health module of the International Social Survey Programme...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077033/governing-health-equity-in-scandinavian-municipalities-the-inter-sectorial-challenge
#10
Christian Elling Scheele, Ingvild Little, Finn Diderichsen
AIMS: Local governments in the Scandinavian countries are increasingly committed to reduce health inequity through 'health equity in all policies' (HEiAP) governance. There exists, however, only very sporadic implementation evidence concerning municipal HEiAP governance, which is the focus of this study. METHODS: Data are based on qualitative thematic network analysis of 20 interviews conducted from 2014 to 2015 with Scandinavian political and administrative practitioners...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077030/mortality-rates-in-oecd-countries-converged-during-the-period-1990-2010
#11
Sven G Bremberg
AIMS: Since the scientific revolution of the 18th century, human health has gradually improved, but there is no unifying theory that explains this improvement in health. Studies of macrodeterminants have produced conflicting results. Most studies have analysed health at a given point in time as the outcome; however, the rate of improvement in health might be a more appropriate outcome. METHODS: Twenty-eight OECD member countries were selected for analysis in the period 1990-2010...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212600/persistence-of-social-inequalities-in-modern-welfare-states-explanation-of-a-paradox
#12
Johan P Mackenbach
AIMS: Social-epidemiological explanations of health inequalities usually take the existence of social inequality as a given and ignore the fundamental questions of why social inequality exists in the first place and why it is so persistent. I review here theories of the explanation of social inequality to identify the processes and/or structures responsible for its persistence. METHODS: This paper is a review of the relevant sociological literature. RESULTS: The sociological literature suggests that what persists over long periods of time is not a specific manifestation of social inequality but a 'meta-phenomenon': the fact that there are different social positions, that these social positions give access to different levels of resources in some graded way and that the distribution of individuals over social positions follows rules that create inequalities in the opportunities for achieving a more advantaged social position...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212599/will-the-elderly-of-the-future-be-healthier
#13
Ellen Melbye Langballe, Bjørn Heine Strand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212598/essential-newborn-care-after-home-delivery-in-nepal
#14
Mats Målqvist, Asha Pun, Ashish Kc
AIMS: Postnatal care of the newborn is essential in order to reduce neonatal mortality. Nepal has made great efforts to improve maternal and child health by focusing on accessibility and outreach over the past decades. This study aims to examine trends, over the past decade, in levels and equity of facility delivery rates and the provision of newborn care after home delivery in Nepal. METHODS: Household-level data from the Demographic Health Surveys (DHS) 2006 and 2011 and the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS5) from 2014 performed in Nepal was sourced for the study...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212597/introducing-the-new-scope-and-editorial-board-of-the-scandinavian-journal-of-public-health
#15
Terje Andreas Eikemo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129723/public-evaluation-of-health-services-across-21-european-countries-the-role-of-culture
#16
Liubov V Borisova, Pål E Martinussen, Håvard T Rydland, Per Stornes, Terje A Eikemo
AIMS: This work examined the role of cultural values in understanding people's satisfaction with health services across Europe. METHODS: We used multilevel linear regression analysis on the seventh round of the European Social Survey from 2014, including c. 40,000 respondents from 21 countries. Preliminary intraclass correlation analyses led us to believe that some explanations of variance in the dependent variable were to be found at the country level. In search of country level explanations, we attempted to account for the role of national culture in influencing citizens' attitudes towards health systems...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025933/editorial-school-food-provided-for-free
#17
EDITORIAL
Elling Bere, Tonje H Stea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940536/residential-area-and-physical-activity-a-multi-level-study-of-68-000-adults-in-stockholm-county
#18
Anna C Svensson, Joanna Stjernschantz Forsberg, Dominika Seblova, Anton Lager
AIM: To determine whether there are systematic differences in physical activity between residential areas after extensive control for sociodemographic factors at the individual level. METHODS: Multi-level regressions of walking/bicycling, sedentary activities, household work and exercise were carried out in a representative sample of 68,303 adults in 39 residential areas in Stockholm County, first adjusting at the individual level for country of birth, sex, age, education, occupational class and income...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913690/self-reported-visual-impairment-physical-activity-and-all-cause-mortality-the-hunt-study
#19
Audun Brunes, W Dana Flanders, Liv Berit Augestad
AIMS: To examine the associations of self-reported visual impairment and physical activity (PA) with all-cause mortality. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 65,236 Norwegians aged ⩾20 years who had participated in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT2, 1995-1997). Of these participants, 11,074 (17.0%) had self-reported visual impairment (SRVI). The participants' data were linked to Norway's Cause of Death Registry and followed throughout 2012. Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were assessed using Cox regression analyses with age as the time-scale...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913689/how-is-low-parental-socioeconomic-status-associated-with-future-smoking-and-nicotine-dependence-in-offspring-a-population-based-longitudinal-13-year-follow-up
#20
Willy Pedersen, Tilmann Von Soest
AIMS: Low socioeconomic status (SES) characterizes smoking and nicotine dependence in adult samples. However, less is known about how parental SES is linked to smoking in offspring and the potential mechanisms at work. METHODS: A population-based longitudinal study ( n=1380) from Norway was used. Participants were followed from their mid-teens until their late 20s using survey and register data. Data were collected on parental education, parental smoking, educational aspirations and expectations, school grades and school-related conduct problems...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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