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Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609607/blood-pathway-analyses-reveal-differences-between-prediabetic-subjects-with-or-without-dyslipidaemia-the-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-finns-study
#1
Jaakko Laaksonen, Tuukka Taipale, Ilkka Seppälä, Emma Raitoharju, Nina Mononen, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Melanie Waldenberger, Thomas Illig, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tapani Rönnemaa, Markus Juonala, Jorma Viikari, Mika Kähönen, Olli Raitakari, Terho Lehtimäki
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes (PR) often occurs together with dyslipidaemia (D), which is paradoxically treated with statins predisposing to type 2 diabetes mellitus. We examined peripheral blood pathway profiles in prediabetic subjects with (PRD ) and without dyslipidaemia (PR0 ) and compared these to non-prediabetic controls (C) without dyslipidaemia (C0 ). METHODS: The participants were from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, including 1,240 subjects aged 34-49 years...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609547/intensive-insulin-therapy-combined-with-metformin-is-associated-with-reduced-glucose-variability-and-nocturnal-hypoglycemia-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Yifei Zhang, Zhiyun Zhao, Shujie Wang, Wei Zhu, Yiran Jiang, Shouyue Sun, Chen Chen, Kai Wang, Liangshan Mu, Jinyi Cao, Yingxia Zhou, Weiqiong Gu, Jie Hong, Weiqing Wang, Guang Ning
BACKGROUND: The effect on glucose variability in patients with intensive insulin therapy has not been fully understood. This observational study investigated the different glucose variability and hypoglycemia pattern in type 2 diabetes patients treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) or multiple daily injections (MDI) with or without metformin administration. METHODS: During hospitalization, totally 501 patients with poor glycemic control and in initial treatment with either CSII alone (n = 187), CSII + Metformin (n = 81), MDI alone (n = 146) or MDI + Metformin (n = 87), were involved in the final analysis...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608942/a-risk-score-model-for-predicting-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-rural-chinese-adult-population-a-cohort-study-with-a-6-year-follow-up
#3
Hongyan Zhang, Chongjian Wang, Yongcheng Ren, Bingyuan Wang, Xiangyu Yang, Yang Zhao, Chengyi Han, Junmei Zhou, Lu Zhang, Minjie Qi, Yujia Zhai, Chao Pang, Lei Yin, Jingzhi Zhao, Dongsheng Hu, Ming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Several prediction tools have been developed to identify people with T2DM and to quantify the probability of developing T2DM. However, most of the risk models were constructed based on cross-sectional studies and tea-drinking was not included. METHODS: A total of 15,768 participants without known T2DM were followed up from 2007-2008 to 2013-2014; 12,654 were randomly assigned to the derivation dataset and 3114 to the validation dataset. We constructed a risk-score model for T2DM by using a Cox proportional-hazards model...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608654/comparative-evaluation-of-probiotics-effects-on-plasma-glucose-lipid-and-insulin-levels-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#4
Faeghe Memarrast, Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard, Sedighe Kolivand, Saeedeh Jafary-Nodooshan, Nadia Neyazi, Esmaeil Sadroddiny, Elahe Motevaseli
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a chronic disorder caused by the relative decrease in insulin production from the pancreas, tissue resistance to insulin, or both of them. Daily consumption of probiotics, particularly Lactobacilli has been proposed as a new strategy for prevention or control of diabetes. METHODS: In the current study, the effects of various probiotics including Lactobacillus reuteri (L.reuteri), Lactobacillus crispatus (L.crispatus) and Bacillus subtilis on the levels of blood glucose, lipid and insulin as well as HbA1c were investigated in rat models of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes and compared with metformin...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580761/commentary-passive-smoking-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-gestational-diabetes-that-synergizes-with-pre-pregnancy-obesity-in-urban-chinese-women
#5
Mary R Loeken
There are high priority public health and legislative efforts around the world to reduce smoking and to reduce the spaces where smoking is allowable. These efforts are aimed at minimizing not just the adverse health effects of active smoking, but also the adverse health effects of passive cigarette smoke exposure. While many cultures and societies make protection of the pregnant woman and her about-to-be-born-newborn a priority, the importance of protecting them from passive smoking that is prevalent in many modern societies has not been reported...
June 5, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544499/preventing-progression-from-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-to-diabetes-a-thought-filled-review
#6
REVIEW
Michal Kasher-Meron, Martin M Grajower
Women with a history of gestational diabetes (GDM) are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In studies with long periods of follow up, diabetes incidence of up to 70% has been reported. The appropriate follow up of women following a pregnancy complicated by GDM has not been studied. Published guidelines recommend that obstetrician/gynecologists, who are often the de facto primary care physicians for these otherwise healthy young women, make glucose monitoring in the post-partum period part of their annual examinations...
May 19, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544457/both-the-frequency-of-hba1c-testing-and-the-frequency-of-smbg-predict-metabolic-control-a-multicenter-analysis-of-15-199-adult-type-1-diabetes-patients-from-germany-and-austria
#7
A Schwandt, F Best, T Biester, A Grünerbel, F Kopp, D Krakow, M Laimer, C Wagner, R W Holl
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine the association between metabolic control and frequency of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) measurements and of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG), as well as the interaction of both. METHODS: Data of 15,199 adult type 1 diabetes patients registered in a standardized electronic health record (DPV) were included. To model the association between metabolic control and frequency of HbA1c testing or of SMBG, multiple hierarchic regression models with adjustment for confounders were fitted...
May 19, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544229/clinical-heterogeneity-of-type-1-diabetes-t1d-found-in-asia
#8
REVIEW
Yongsoo Park, Kupper A Wintergerst, Zhiguang Zhou
Diabetes mellitus among young patients in Asia is caused by a complex set of factors. Although T1D remains the most common form of diabetes in children, the recent unabated increase in obesity has resulted in the emergence of T2D as a new type of diabetes at adolescent and young adult age. In addition to the typical autoimmune type 1 diabetes (T1aD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients, there is a variable incidence of cases of non-autoimmune types of T1D associated with insulin deficiency (T1bD). Additional forms have been described, including fulminant T1D (FT1D)...
May 19, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486767/importance-of-long-term-care-of-diabetic-women-starting-in-pregnancy
#9
Mary R Loeken
Large scale, multi-center, controlled studies have demonstrated the importance of glycemic control, as indicated by HbA1c levels, in reducing the incidence and progression of diabetic complications. However, Yasue Omori, who began practicing medicine in Tokyo 60 years ago, in 1957, has the vantage point of long term continuing care for women with type 2 diabetes, some for several decades. An internist who specializes in diabetic pregnancy, Dr. Omori began caring for many of her patients during their pregnancies and continued to care for them following their deliveries, some now more than 50 years...
May 9, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477396/the-effect-of-statins-on-renal-outcomes-in-patients-with-diabetic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Xin Qin, Hui Dong, Ke Fang, Fuer Lu
BACKGROUND: The effects of statins on renal outcomes in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) were conflicting. The aim of the study was to investigate whether statins treatment could affect renal outcomes [albuminuria or proteinuria, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)] for DKD patients. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, OVID (including MEDLINE and EMBASE), Web of Science and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy of statins in DKD patients were selected...
May 5, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444955/serum-uric-acid-levels-are-associated-with-increased-risk-of-newly-developed-diabetic-retinopathy-among-japanese-male-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study-diabetes-distress-and-care-registry-at-tenri-ddcrt-13
#11
Hirohito Kuwata, Shintaro Okamura, Yasuaki Hayashino, Satoru Tsujii, Hitoshi Ishii
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the prospective association between baseline serum uric acid (SUA) levels and consequent risk of developing diabetic retinopathy (DR). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data for 1839 type 2 diabetes patients without DR were obtained from a Japanese diabetes registry. A Cox proportional hazards model with time-varying exposure information by sex was used and adjusted for potential confounders to assess the independent correlations between baseline SUA levels and incidence rate of DR...
April 26, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444863/the-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-in-urban-bo-sierra-leone-and-in-the-16-countries-of-the-west-africa-region
#12
Abu James Sundufu, Cecil N Bockarie, Kathryn H Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to measure the prevalence of diabetes among adults in urban Bo, Sierra Leone, and to compare the new result to the diabetes prevalence rates reported from studies across West Africa. METHODS: A total of 694 outpatients ages 18 and older at Bo Government Hospital were tested for diabetes between January 2012 and December 2014. Diabetes was defined as a fasting blood sugar level of ≥126 mg/dl (≥7.0 mmol/l). RESULTS: The overall prevalence of diabetes was 6...
April 26, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440590/sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-sglt2-inhibitors-and-fracture-risk-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-analysis
#13
Darin Ruanpeng, Patompong Ungprasert, Jutarat Sangtian, Tasma Harindhanavudhi
INTRODUCTION: Sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors could potentially alter calcium and phosphate homeostasis and may increase the risk of bone fracture. METHODS: The current meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the fracture risk among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with SGLT2 inhibitors. Randomized controlled trials that compared the efficacy of SGLT2 inhibitors to placebo were identified. The risk ratios of fracture among patients who received SGLT2 inhibitors versus placebo were extracted from each study...
April 25, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437854/is-there-sufficient-evidence-for-a-causal-association-between-antiretroviral-therapy-and-diabetes-in-hiv-infected-patients-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Chidozie U Nduka, Saverio Stranges, Peter K Kimani, Ahmed M Sarki, Olalekan A Uthman
BACKGROUND: The association of antiretroviral therapy (ART) with diabetes is inconsistent and varies widely across primary epidemiological studies. A comprehensive and more precise estimate of this association is fundamental to establishing a plausible causal link between ART and diabetes. METHODS: We identified epidemiological studies that compared mean fasting plasma glucose (FPG) concentrations and proportions of diabetes and metabolic syndrome between HIV-infected patients naïve and exposed to ART...
April 24, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371189/effect-of-glp-1-and-gip-on-c-peptide-secretion-after-glucagon-or-mixed-meal-tests-significance-in-assessing-b-cell-function-in-diabetes
#15
C Guglielmi, R Del Toro, A Lauria, A R Maurizi, S Fallucca, A Cappelli, S Angeletti, J M Lachin, P Pozzilli
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the different B-cell responses after a glucagon stimulation test (GST) versus mixed meal tolerance test (MMTT). METHODS: We conducted GST and MMTT in 10 healthy people (aged 25-40 years) and measured C-peptide, gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) at different time points after the administration of 1 mg i.v. glucagon for GST or a liquid mixed meal for MMTT. RESULTS: The GST stimulated C-peptide showed a mean increase of 147...
March 31, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371132/characteristics-of-the-pre-diabetic-period-in-children-with-high-risk-of-type-1-diabetes-recruited-from-the-general-swedish-population-the-abis-study
#16
Linda Åkerman, Johnny Ludvigsson, Ulrica Swartling, Rosaura Casas
BACKGROUND: There is a need for increased understanding of the pre-diabetic period in individuals with high risk of type 1 diabetes (T1D) from the general population. METHODS: High-risk children (n = 21) positive for multiple islet autoantibodies were identified by autoantibody screening within the ABIS (All Babies in Southeast Sweden) study. The children and their parents were enrolled in a 2-year prospective follow-up study aiming to characterize the pre-diabetic period...
March 31, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072911/potential-protective-effect-of-lactation-against-incidence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-women-with-previous-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Kanako Tanase-Nakao, Naoko Arata, Maki Kawasaki, Ichiro Yasuhi, Hirohito Sone, Rintaro Mori, Erika Ota
Lactation may protect women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) from developing type 2 diabetes mellitus, but the results of existing studies are inconsistent, ranging from null to beneficial. We aimed to conduct a systematic review to gather available evidence. Databases MEDLINE, CINAHL, PubMed, and EMBASE were searched on December 15, 2015, without restriction of language or publication year. A manual search was also conducted. We included observational studies (cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort study) with information on lactation and type 2 diabetes mellitus incidence among women with previous GDM...
May 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933750/comparing-glucose-and-hemoglobin-a1c-diagnostic-tests-among-a-high-metabolic-risk-hispanic-population
#18
Mónica A Vega-Vázquez, Margarita Ramírez-Vick, Francisco J Muñoz-Torres, Loida A González-Rodríguez, Kaumudi Joshipura
BACKGROUND: Compare glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c ) diagnostic tests for prediabetes and diabetes with plasma glucose criteria and compare the metabolic profiles of people classified by HbA1c versus by glucose levels. METHODS: Participants were recruited for the San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study. The participants were primarily Hispanic (98%), without previously diagnosed diabetes, and aged 40 to 65 years. Participants classified as normal glycemic, prediabetes, or diabetes on the basis of baseline HbA1c and plasma glucose criteria were compared with respect to baseline cardiometabolic factors...
May 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103086/association-of-transketolase-polymorphisms-with-measures-of-polyneuropathy-in-patients-with-recently-diagnosed-diabetes
#19
Dan Ziegler, Erwin Schleicher, Alexander Strom, Birgit Knebel, Thomas Fleming, Peter Nawroth, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Nikolaos Papanas, Julia Szendrödi, Karsten Müssig, Hadi Al-Hasani, Michael Roden
BACKGROUND: Shunting of glycolytic intermediates into the pentose phosphate pathway has been suggested to protect from hyperglycaemia-induced microvascular damage. We hypothesized that genetic variability in the gene encoding transketolase, a key pentose phosphate pathway enzyme, contributes to early nerve dysfunction in recent-onset diabetes. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we assessed nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the transketolase gene, plasma methylglyoxal concentrations, and clinical and quantitative measures of peripheral nerve function in 165 type 1 and 373 type 2 diabetic patients with a diabetes duration up to 1 year...
May 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322014/carbohydrate-intake-during-early-pregnancy-is-inversely-associated-with-abnormal-glucose-challenge-test-results-in-japanese-pregnant-women
#20
Ryoko Tajima, Yoko Yachi, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Yui Anasako Kawasaki, Izumi Nishibata, Ayumi Sugawara Hirose, Chika Horikawa, Satoru Kodama, Kaoruko Iida, Hirohito Sone
BACKGROUND: In East Asian countries, which have a high prevalence of underweight individuals, there is little information about the association between dietary factors and abnormal glucose tolerance during pregnancy. We examined the association between carbohydrate intake and moderately abnormal glucose tolerance in Japanese pregnant women. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study on 325 Japanese pregnant women without a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus prior to pregnancy...
March 20, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
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