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World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740354/nosocomial-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis-antibiotic-treatment-in-the-era-of-multi-drug-resistance-pathogens-a-systematic-review
#1
Marco Fiore, Alberto Enrico Maraolo, Ivan Gentile, Guglielmo Borgia, Sebastiano Leone, Pasquale Sansone, Maria Beatrice Passavanti, Caterina Aurilio, Maria Caterina Pace
AIM: To systematically review literature upon aetiology of nosocomial spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (N-SBP) given the rising importance of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. METHODS: A literature search was performed on MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases from 2000 to 15(th) of November 2016, using the following search strategy: "spontaneous" AND "peritonitis". RESULTS: The initial search through electronic databases retrieved 2556 records...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740353/anti-apoptotic-effect-of-banhasasim-tang-on-chronic-acid-reflux-esophagitis
#2
Mi-Rae Shin, Hyo-Jin An, Bu-Il Seo, Seong-Soo Roh
AIM: To evaluate the anti-apoptotic effect of banhasasim-tang (BHSST) on chronic acid reflux esophagitis (CARE) using a rat model. METHODS: A surgically-induced CARE model was established in Sprague-Dawley rats. The modeled rats were divided into a treatment group or untreated group, and given BHSST (1 g/kg body weight per day) or water, respectively, for 15 consecutive days (n = 7 each group). Changes in expression of proteins related to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase and apoptosis were assessed by western blotting...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740352/long-term-irritable-bowel-syndrome-symptom-control-with-reintroduction-of-selected-fodmaps
#3
Ruth M Harvie, Alexandra W Chisholm, Jordan E Bisanz, Jeremy P Burton, Peter Herbison, Kim Schultz, Michael Schultz
AIM: To investigate the long-term effect of dietary education on a low fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide and polyol (FODMAP) diet on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Participants with IBS (Rome III) were randomized to two groups. Group I commenced a low FODMAP diet at baseline. At three months, group II, so far a comparator group, crossed over to a low FODMAP diet while group I started re-challenging foods. All patients completed the IBS SSS (IBS symptom severity scoring system, 0-500 points increasing with severity), IBS QoL questionnaire (0-100 increasing with QoL), a FODMAP specific food frequency questionnaire and provided a stool sample at baseline, three and six months for microbiome analysis...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740351/partners-of-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis-exhibit-a-biologically-relevant-dysbiosis-in-fecal-microbial-metacommunities
#4
Guang-Lan Chen, Ye Zhang, Wang-Yue Wang, Xue-Liang Ji, Fei Meng, Pei-Song Xu, Ning-Min Yang, Fu-Qiang Ye, Xiao-Chen Bo
AIM: To investigate alterations in the fecal microbiome using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing in couples in the same cohabitation environment. METHODS: Fecal samples were collected from eight ulcerative colitis (UC) patients and their healthy partners at Lishui People's Hospital, Zhejiang Province, China. DNA was extracted and the variable regions V3 and V4 of the 16S rRNA genes were PCR amplified using a two-step protocol. Clear reads were clustered into operational taxonomic units (OTUs) at the 97% sequence similarity level using UCLUST v1...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740350/cryptogenic-multifocal-ulcerous-stenosing-enteritis-radiologic-features-and-clinical-behavior
#5
Jiyoung Hwang, Jin Sil Kim, Ah Young Kim, Joon Seok Lim, Se Hyung Kim, Min Ju Kim, Mi Sung Kim, Kyoung Doo Song, Ji Young Woo
AIM: To investigate the characteristic radiologic findings of cryptogenic multifocal ulcerous stenosing enteritis (CMUSE) which can be differentiated from other similar bowel disease and to assess their clinical behavior. METHODS: Twenty pathologically and clinically confirmed CMUSE patients (males:females = 8:12; mean age: 40.4 years) between March 2002 and August 2015 from seven academic centers in South Korea were retrospectively reviewed. We evaluated small bowel series (SBS; n = 25), computed tomography (CT) enterography (n = 21), magnetic resonance (MR) enterography (n = 2), and abdominopelvic CT (n = 18) images, focusing on enteric and perienteric manifestations...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740349/functional-lipidomics-in-patients-on-home-parenteral-nutrition-effect-of-lipid-emulsions
#6
Loris Pironi, Mariacristina Guidetti, Ornella Verrastro, Claudia Iacona, Federica Agostini, Caterina Pazzeschi, Anna Simona Sasdelli, Michele Melchiorre, Carla Ferreri
AIM: To investigate the fatty acid-based functional lipidomics of patients on long-term home parenteral nutrition receiving different intravenous lipid emulsions. METHODS: A cross-sectional comparative study was carried out on 3 groups of adults on home parenteral nutrition (HPN), receiving an HPN admixture containing an olive-soybean oil-based intravenous lipid emulsion (IVLE) (OO-IVLE; n = 15), a soybean- medium-chain triacylglycerol-olive-fish oil-based IVLE (SMOF-IVLE; n = 8) or HPN without IVLE (No-IVLE; n = 8) and 42 healthy controls (HCs)...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740348/comparison-of-short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-vs-open-resection-for-gastric-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors
#7
Xin Ye, Wei-Ming Kang, Jian-Chun Yu, Zhi-Qiang Ma, Zhi-Gang Xue
AIM: To compare the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic (LR) vs open resection (OR) for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (gGISTs). METHODS: In total, 301 consecutive patients undergoing LR or OR for pathologically confirmed gGISTs from 2005 to 2014 were enrolled in this retrospective study. After exclusion of 77 patients, 224 eligible patients were enrolled (122 undergoing LR and 102 undergoing OR). The demographic, clinicopathologic, and survival data of all patients were collected...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740347/chronic-hepatitis-b-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-physical-fitness-of-military-males-chief-study
#8
Yu-Jung Chen, Kai-Wen Chen, Yu-Leung Shih, Fang-Ying Su, Yen-Po Lin, Fan-Chun Meng, Felicia Lin, Yun-Shun Yu, Chih-Lu Han, Chih-Hung Wang, Jia-Wei Lin, Tsai-Yuan Hsieh, Yi-Hwei Li, Gen-Min Lin
AIM: To investigate the association of chronic hepatitis B and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis with physical fitness in a Taiwanese military male cohort. METHODS: We made a cross-sectional examination of this association using 3669 young adult military males according to cardiorespiratory fitness and hospitalization events recorded in the Taiwan Armed Forces study. Cases of chronic hepatitis B (n = 121) were defined by personal history and positive detection of hepatitis B surface antigen...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740346/management-and-outcome-of-hepatocellular-adenoma-with-massive-bleeding-at-presentation
#9
Anne J Klompenhouwer, Robert A de Man, Maarten Gj Thomeer, Jan Nm Ijzermans
AIM: To evaluate outcome of acute management and risk of rebleeding in patients with massive hemorrhage due to hepatocellular adenoma (HCA). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all consecutive patients who presented to our hospital with massive hemorrhage (grade II or III) due to ruptured HCA and were admitted for observation and/or intervention between 1999-2016. The diagnosis of HCA was based on radiological findings from contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or pathological findings from biopsy or resection of the HCA...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706431/pancreatic-t-histiocyte-rich-large-b-cell-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Shu-Mei Zheng, De-Jiang Zhou, Yi-Hua Chen, Rui Jiang, Yun-Xia Wang, Yong Zhang, Hong-Li Xue, Hai-Qiong Wang, Dong Mou, Wei-Zheng Zeng
Primary pancreatic lymphoma (PPL) is an extremely rare form of extranodal malignant lymphoma. The most common histological subtype of PPL is diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). In rare cases, PPL can also present as follicular lymphoma, small lymphocytic lymphoma, and T cell lymphoma either of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or of Hodgkin's lymphoma. T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma (T/HRBCL) is an uncommon morphologic variant of DLBCL with aggressive clinical course, it is predominantly a nodal disease, but extranodal sites such as bone marrow, liver, and spleen can be involved...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706430/case-of-pediatric-traditional-serrated-adenoma-resected-via-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection
#11
Sonoko Kondo, Hirohito Mori, Noriko Nishiyama, Takeo Kondo, Ryuichi Shimono, Hitoshi Okada, Takashi Kusaka
Traditional serrated adenoma (TSA) is a type of serrated polyp of the colorectum and is thought to be a precancerous lesion. There are three types of serrated polyps, namely, hyperplastic polyps, sessile serrated adenomas/polyps, and TSAs. TSA is the least common of the three types and accounts for about 5% of serrated polyps. Here we report a pediatric case of TSA that was successfully resected by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). This rare case report describes a pediatric patient with no family history of colonic polyp who was admitted to our hospital with hematochezia...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706429/comparing-reduced-dose-sodium-phosphate-tablets-to-2-l-of-polyethylene-glycol-a-randomized-study
#12
Soichiro Ako, Koji Takemoto, Eriko Yasutomi, Chihiro Sakaguchi, Mayu Murakami, Tomoko Sunami, Shohei Oka, Hamada Kenta, Noriko Okazaki, Yuki Baba, Yasushi Yamasaki, Toshiyuki Asato, Daisuke Kawai, Ryuta Takenaka, Hirohumi Tsugeno, Sakiko Hiraoka, Jun Kato, Shigeatsu Fujiki
AIM: To compare the tolerability and quality of bowel cleansing between 2 L polyethylene glycol (PEG) and reduced-dose sodium phosphate (NaP) tablets as a preparation for colonoscopy. METHODS: Two hundred patients were randomly assigned to the PEG or NaP groups at the same ratio. The NaP group patients took 30 tablets with 2 L of clear liquid, while the PEG group patients took 2L of PEG. Tolerability was assessed by a questionnaire about taste, volume, and the overall impression...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706428/appropriateness-of-the-study-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-prior-to-referral-for-small-bowel-evaluation-at-a-tertiary-center
#13
Jaime Pereira Rodrigues, Rolando Pinho, Joana Silva, Ana Ponte, Mafalda Sousa, João Carlos Silva, João Carvalho
AIM: To evaluate the adequacy of the study of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in real life practice prior to referral to a gastroenterology department for small bowel evaluation. METHODS: All consecutive patients referred to a gastroenterology department for small bowel investigation due to iron deficiency anemia, between January 2013 and December 2015 were included. Both patients referred from general practitioners or directly from different hospital departments were selected...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706427/variability-of-anti-human-transglutaminase-testing-in-celiac-disease-across-mediterranean-countries
#14
Andrea Smarrazzo, Giuseppe Magazzù, Mongi Ben-Hariz, Maria Legarda Tamara, Virtut Velmishi, Elefhteria Roma, Aydan Kansu, Dušanka Mičetić-Turk, Enzo Bravi, Pio Stellato, Carmela Arcidiaco, Luigi Greco
AIM: To verify the precision and accuracy of transglutaminase antibodies (TGA) assays across Mediterranean countries. METHODS: This study involved 8 referral centres for celiac disease (CD) in 7 Mediterranean countries. A central laboratory prepared 8 kits of 7 blinded and randomized serum samples, with a titrated amount of Human TGA IgA. Each sample was analysed three times on three different days, with each centre running a total of 21 tests. The results were included in a blindly coded report form, which was sent to the coordinator centre...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706426/healthcare-utilization-and-costs-associated-with-gastroparesis
#15
Vaibhav Wadhwa, Dhruv Mehta, Yash Jobanputra, Rocio Lopez, Prashanthi N Thota, Madhusudhan R Sanaka
AIM: To use a national database of United States hospitals to evaluate the incidence and costs of hospital admissions associated with gastroparesis. METHODS: We analyzed the National Inpatient Sample Database (NIS) for all patients in whom gastroparesis (ICD-9 code: 536.3) was the principal discharge diagnosis during the period, 1997-2013. The NIS is the largest publicly available all-payer inpatient care database in the United States. It contains data from approximately eight million hospital stays each year...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706425/procalcitionin-as-a-diagnostic-marker-to-distinguish-upper-and-lower-gastrointestinal-perforation
#16
Yang Gao, Kai-Jiang Yu, Kai Kang, Hai-Tao Liu, Xing Zhang, Rui Huang, Jing-Dong Qu, Si-Cong Wang, Rui-Jin Liu, Yan-Song Liu, Hong-Liang Wang
AIM: To assess the accuracy of serum procalcitionin (PCT) as a diagnostic marker in verifying upper and lower gastrointestinal perforation (GIP). METHODS: This retrospective study included 46 patients from the surgical intensive care unit (ICU) of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University who were confirmed to have GIP between June 2013 and December 2016. Demographic and clinical patient data were recorded on admission to ICU. Patients were divided into upper (n = 19) and lower (n = 27) GIP groups according to the perforation site (above or below Treitz ligament)...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706424/new-magnifying-endoscopic-classification-for-superficial-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#17
Su Jin Kim, Gwang Ha Kim, Moon Won Lee, Hye Kyung Jeon, Dong Hoon Baek, Bong Eun Lee, Geun Am Song
AIM: To assess the accuracy of a new magnifying endoscopy (ME) classification for predicting depth of invasion of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SESCC). METHODS: This study included a total of 70 lesions in 69 patients with SESCC who underwent ME with narrow-band imaging (ME-NBI) before resection from August 2010 to July 2016. Accuracy of ME-NBI for predicting depth of invasion of SESCC was analyzed by using a new ME classification proposed by the Japan Esophageal Society (JES), and interobserver agreement was assessed...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706423/risk-factors-for-metachronous-gastric-carcinoma-development-after-endoscopic-resection-of-gastric-dysplasia-retrospective-single-center-study
#18
Hee Seok Moon, Gee Young Yun, Ju Seok Kim, Hyuk Soo Eun, Sun Hyung Kang, Jae Kyu Sung, Hyun Yong Jeong, Kyu-Sang Song
AIM: To determine the gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) occurrence rate and related factors, we evaluated the follow-up results of patients confirmed to have gastric dysplasia after endoscopic resection (ER). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records, endoscopic examination records, endoscopic procedure records, and histological records of 667 cases from 641 patients who were followed-up for at least 12 mo, from among 1273 patients who were conformed to have gastric dysplasia after Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of gastric mucosal lesions between January 2007 and August 2013 at the Chungnam National University Hospital...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706422/para-aortic-node-involvement-is-not-an-independent-predictor-of-survival-after-resection-for-pancreatic-cancer
#19
Cosimo Sperti, Mario Gruppo, Stella Blandamura, Michele Valmasoni, Gioia Pozza, Nicola Passuello, Valentina Beltrame, Lucia Moletta
AIM: To analyze the importance of para-aortic node status in a series of patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in a single Institution. METHODS: Between January 2000 and December 2012, 151 patients underwent PD with para-aortic node dissection for pancreatic adenocarcinoma in our Institution. Patients were divided into two groups: patients with negative PALNs (PALNs-), and patients with metastatic PALNs (PALNs+). Pathologic factors, including stage, nodal status, number of positive nodes and lymph node ratio, invasion of para-aortic nodes, tumor's grading, and radicality of resection were studied by univariate and multivariate analysis...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706421/gastric-cancer-derived-heat-shock-protein-gp96-peptide-complex-enhances-dendritic-cell-activation
#20
Wen-Wen Lu, Hong Zhang, You-Ming Li, Feng Ji
AIM: To investigate the role of heat shock protein (HSP)-glycoprotein (gp)96 in dendritic cells (DCs) and lymphocytes induction in gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: Human GC cell lines KATOIII, MKN-28 and SGC-7901 were infected with adenovirus gp96 at a multiplicity of infection of 100. gp96-GC antigen peptide complexes were purified. MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to determine allo-reactive T cell stimulation, natural killer (NK) cell activity and expression of cytokines (such as interleukin (IL)-10, IL-12, interferon (IFN)-γ and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α), respectively...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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