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World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309065/silymarin-an-option-to-treat-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#1
COMMENT
Carmela Colica, Luigi Boccuto, Ludovico Abenavoli
We have read with a great interest the review published by Singh et al, on the treatment options in alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, including various new targeted therapies that are currently under investigation. Recently, we described the health effects of the Mediterranean diet associated to an antioxidant complex rich in silymarin, to improve in overweight patients anthropometric parameters, glucose and lipid metabolism and intra-hepatic fat accumulation.
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308003/wernicke-encephalopathy-in-a-patient-after-liver-transplantation-a-case-report
#2
Bin Xie, Zhong-Zhou Si, Wei-Ting Tang, Hai-Zhi Qi, Ting Li
Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) is an acute neurological disorder resulting from vitamin B1 deficiency, which is common in chronic alcoholism and is rare in acute liver failure. So far, there are 2 cases of WE reported after liver transplantation. Here, we report a case of a 45-year-old nonalcoholic male patient who developed psychiatric and neurological disturbance 15 d after receiving orthotopic liver transplantation because of hepatitis B-related cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed symmetric high-signal intensities in the periaqueductal area...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308002/disabling-portosystemic-encephalopathy-in-a-non-cirrhotic-patient-successful-endovascular-treatment-of-a-giant-inferior-mesenteric-caval-shunt-via-the-left-internal-iliac-vein
#3
Luca de Martinis, Gloria Groppelli, Riccardo Corti, Lorenzo Paolo Moramarco, Pietro Quaretti, Pasquale De Cata, Mario Rotondi, Luca Chiovato
Hepatic encephalopathy is suspected in non-cirrhotic cases of encephalopathy because the symptoms are accompanied by hyperammonaemia. Some cases have been misdiagnosed as psychiatric diseases and consequently patients hospitalized in psychiatric institutions or geriatric facilities. Therefore, the importance of accurate diagnosis of this disease should be strongly emphasized. A 68-year-old female patient presented to the Emergency Room with confusion, lethargy, nausea and vomiting. Examination disclosed normal vital signs...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308001/chronic-kidney-disease-severely-deteriorates-the-outcome-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-meta-analysis
#4
Roland Hágendorn, Nelli Farkas, Áron Vincze, Zoltán Gyöngyi, Dezső Csupor, Judit Bajor, Bálint Erőss, Péter Csécsei, Andrea Vasas, Zsolt Szakács, László Szapáry, Péter Hegyi, Alexandra Mikó
AIM: To understand the influence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on mortality, need for transfusion and rebleeding in gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding patients. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in three databases for studies on GI bleeding patients with CKD or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) with data on outcomes of mortality, transfusion requirement, rebleeding rate and length of hospitalization (LOH). Calculations were performed with Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software using the random effects model...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308000/rate-of-adverse-events-of-gastroduodenal-snare-polypectomy-for-non-flat-polyp-is-low-a-prospective-and-multicenter-study
#5
Henry Córdova, Lidia Argüello, Carme Loras, Antonio Naranjo Rodríguez, Faust Riu Pons, Joan B Gornals, David Nicolás-Pérez, Xavier Andújar Murcia, Luis Hernández, Santos Santolaria, Carles Leal, Carles Pons, Enrique Pérez-Cuadrado-Robles, Orlando García-Bosch, Michel Papo Berger, José Luis Ulla Rocha, Cristina Sánchez-Montes, Gloria Fernández-Esparrach
AIM: To evaluate the rate of adverse events (AEs) during consecutive gastric and duodenal polypectomies in several Spanish centers. METHODS: Polypectomies of protruded gastric or duodenal polyps ≥ 5 mm using hot snare were prospectively included. Prophylactic measures of hemorrhage were allowed in predefined cases. AEs were defined and graded according to the lexicon recommended by the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Patients were followed for 48 h, one week and 1 mo after the procedure...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307999/first-week-clinical-responses-to-dexlansoprazole-60-mg-and-esomeprazole-40-mg-for-the-treatment-of-grades-a-and-b-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#6
Chih-Ming Liang, Ming-Te Kuo, Pin-I Hsu, Chao-Hung Kuo, Wei-Chen Tai, Shih-Cheng Yang, Keng-Liang Wu, Hsing-Ming Wang, Chih-Chien Yao, Cheng-En Tsai, Yao-Kuang Wang, Jiunn-Wei Wang, Chih-Fang Huang, Deng-Chyang Wu, Seng-Kee Chuah
AIM: To compare the one-week clinical effects of single doses of dexlansoprazole and esomeprazole on grades A and B erosive esophagitis. METHODS: We enrolled 175 adult patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio into two sequence groups to define the order in which they received single doses of dexlansoprazole (n = 88) and esomeprazole (n = 87) for an intention-to-treat analysis. The primary end-points were the complete symptom resolution (CSR) rates at days 1, 3, and 7 after drug administration...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307998/impact-of-cigarette-smoking-on-recurrence-of-hyperlipidemic-acute-pancreatitis
#7
Jun-Xi Xiang, Liang-Shuo Hu, Peng Liu, Bo-Yan Tian, Qing Su, Yi-Chun Ji, Xu-Feng Zhang, Xue-Min Liu, Zheng Wu, Yi Lv
AIM: To investigate the impact of cigarette smoking on the recurrence rate and recurrence-free survival in patients with hyperlipidemic acute pancreatitis (HLAP). METHODS: A total of 863 patients were admitted to our hospital for acute pancreatitis (AP) from January 2013 to March 2016, of whom 88 diagnosed with HLAP were enrolled in this retrospective study. Demographic data, medical history, previous episodes of pancreatitis, consumption of alcohol and cigarettes, as well as biochemical and hematological data were carefully recorded for univariate and multivariate analyses...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307997/nomogram-based-on-tumor-associated-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-to-predict-survival-of-patients-with-gastric-neuroendocrine-neoplasms
#8
Long-Long Cao, Jun Lu, Jian-Xian Lin, Chao-Hui Zheng, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Qi-Yue Chen, Mi Lin, Ru-Hong Tu, Chang-Ming Huang
AIM: To assess the predictive value of the tumor-associated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in terms of the clinical outcomes of patients with gastric neuroendocrine neoplasms after radical surgery. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from 142 patients who were diagnosed with gastric neuroendocrine neoplasms and who underwent radical gastrectomy at our department from March 2006 to March 2015. These data were retrospectively analyzed, and a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to identify the optimal value of the tumor-associated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307996/association-between-white-opaque-substance-under-magnifying-colonoscopy-and-lipid-droplets-in-colorectal-epithelial-neoplasms
#9
Keisuke Kawasaki, Makoto Eizuka, Shotaro Nakamura, Masaki Endo, Shunichi Yanai, Risaburo Akasaka, Yosuke Toya, Yasuko Fujita, Noriyuki Uesugi, Kazuyuki Ishida, Tamotsu Sugai, Takayuki Matsumoto
AIM: To examine the association between white opaque substance (WOS) and histologically verified lipid droplets in colorectal epithelial neoplasms. METHODS: We reviewed colonoscopy records at our institution from 2014 to 2016 and identified cases of endoscopically or surgically resected colorectal epithelial neoplasms observed by magnifying narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) colonoscopy. Immunohistochemistry was used to stain tumors with a monoclonal antibody specific to adipophilin as a marker of lipids...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307995/rifaximin-ameliorates-hepatic-encephalopathy-and-endotoxemia-without-affecting-the-gut-microbiome-diversity
#10
Kosuke Kaji, Hiroaki Takaya, Soichiro Saikawa, Masanori Furukawa, Shinya Sato, Hideto Kawaratani, Mitsuteru Kitade, Kei Moriya, Tadashi Namisaki, Takemi Akahane, Akira Mitoro, Hitoshi Yoshiji
AIM: To determine the efficacy of rifaximin for hepatic encephalopathy (HE) with the linkage of gut microbiome in decompensated cirrhotic patients. METHODS: Twenty patients (12 men and 8 women; median age, 66.8 years; range, 46-81 years) with decompensated cirrhosis (Child-pugh score > 7) underwent cognitive neuropsychological testing, endotoxin analysis, and fecal microbiome assessment at baseline and after 4 wk of treatment with rifaximin 400 mg thrice a day...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307994/circular-rna-circ-ldlrad3-as-a-biomarker-in-diagnosis-of-pancreatic-cancer
#11
Fan Yang, Dong-Yan Liu, Jin-Tao Guo, Nan Ge, Ping Zhu, Xiang Liu, Sheng Wang, Guo-Xin Wang, Si-Yu Sun
AIM: To analyze the diagnostic value of a circular RNA (circRNA), circ-LDLRAD3, in pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Expression levels of circ-LDLRAD3 were tested in both cells and clinical samples; the latter included 30 paired pancreatic cancer tissues and adjacent non-tumorous tissues, 31 plasma samples from patients with pancreatic cancer, and 31 plasma samples from healthy volunteers. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to measure expression levels of circ-LDLRAD3 in cells and clinical samples; then, the relationship between clinicopathological factors of patient samples and expression of circ-LDLRAD3 in pancreatic cancer was analyzed...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307993/morin-enhances-hepatic-nrf2-expression-in-a-liver-fibrosis-rat-model
#12
Liang Sang, Xue-Mei Wang, Dong-Yang Xu, Li-Xuan Sang, Yang Han, Long-Yang Jiang
AIM: To investigate whether morin can reduce hepatic fibrosis by activating the NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway. METHODS: Twenty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group, morin group, carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) group, and morin + CCl4 group. Rats in both the CCl4 and morin + CCl4 groups were injected intraperitoneally with CCl4 at a dose of 2 mL/kg twice a week. Rats in both the morin and morin + CCl4 groups were treated orally with morin at a dose of 50 mg/kg twice a week...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307992/fructo-oligosaccharide-intensifies-visceral-hypersensitivity-and-intestinal-inflammation-in-a-stress-induced-irritable-bowel-syndrome-mouse-model
#13
Bin-Rui Chen, Li-Jun Du, Hui-Qin He, John J Kim, Yan Zhao, Ya-Wen Zhang, Liang Luo, Ning Dai
AIM: To determine whether fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) affects visceral sensitivity, inflammation, and production of intestinal short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) in an irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) mouse model. METHODS: Mice were randomly assigned to daily oral gavage of saline solution with or without FOS (8 g/kg body weight) for 14 d. Mice were further assigned to receive either daily one-hour water avoidance stress (WAS) or sham-WAS for the first 10 d. After 2 wk, visceral sensitivity was measured by abdominal withdrawal reflex in response to colorectal distension and mucosal inflammation was evaluated...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307991/effects-of-initiating-time-and-dosage-of-panax-notoginseng-on-mucosal-microvascular-injury-in-experimental-colitis
#14
Shi-Ying Wang, Ping Tao, Hong-Yi Hu, Jian-Ye Yuan, Lei Zhao, Bo-Yun Sun, Wang-Jun Zhang, Jiang Lin
AIM: To investigate the effects of Panax notoginseng (PN) on microvascular injury in colitis, its mechanisms, initial administration time and dosage. METHODS: Dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)- or iodoacetamide (IA)-induced rat colitis models were used to evaluate and investigate the effects of ethanol extract of PN on microvascular injuries and their related mechanisms. PN administration was initiated at 3 and 7 d after the model was established at doses of 0.5, 1.0 and 2...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307990/polymorphisms-in-oxidative-pathway-related-genes-and-susceptibility-to-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#15
Nezha Senhaji, Sellama Nadifi, Younes Zaid, Aurora Serrano, Daniel Arturo Leon Rodriguez, Nadia Serbati, Mehdi Karkouri, Wafaa Badre, Javier Martín
AIM: To investigate whether common variants in the oxidative pathway genes influence inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) risk among Moroccan patients. METHODS: The distribution of (TAAA)n_rs12720460 and (CCTTT)n _rs3833912 NOS2A microsatellite repeats, HIF-1A_rs11549467 and NFKB1-94ins/delATTG_rs28362491 was analyzed in 507 subjects grouped in 199 IBD and 308 healthy controls. Genotyping was performed with polymerase chain reaction-fluorescent method and the TaqMan® allelic discrimination technology...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307989/gene-mutations-in-stool-from-gastric-and-colorectal-neoplasia-patients-by-next-generation-sequencing
#16
Omar Youssef, Virinder Sarhadi, Homa Ehsan, Tom Böhling, Monika Carpelan-Holmström, Selja Koskensalo, Pauli Puolakkainen, Arto Kokkola, Sakari Knuutila
AIM: To study cancer hotspot mutations by next-generation sequencing (NGS) in stool DNA from patients with different gastrointestinal tract (GIT) neoplasms. METHODS: Stool samples were collected from 87 Finnish patients diagnosed with various gastric and colorectal neoplasms, including benign tumors, and from 14 healthy controls. DNA was isolated from stools by using the PSP® Spin Stool DNA Plus Kit. For each sample, 20 ng of DNA was used to construct sequencing libraries using the Ion AmpliSeq Cancer Hotspot Panel v2 or Ion AmpliSeq Colon and Lung Cancer panel v2...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307988/procalcitonin-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-drawbacks-and-opportunities
#17
REVIEW
Giuseppe Lippi, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar
The measurement of procalcitonin has recently become a mainstay for the diagnosis and therapeutic management of severe bacterial infections, especially those sustained by Gram-negative bacteria. Therefore, the aim of this article is to provide a narrative overview on the potential role of procalcitonin measurement in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). According to the available scientific literature, the clinical significance of procalcitonin for diagnosing IBD or monitoring disease activity remains elusive, and its association with disease severity is confined to a limited number of case-control studies, with low sample size...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307987/obese-children-with-fatty-liver-between-reality-and-disease-mongering
#18
REVIEW
Giusy Ranucci, Maria Immacolata Spagnuolo, Raffaele Iorio
Following the current epidemic of obesity, the worldwide prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has increased with potential serious health implications. While it is established that in adults NAFLD can progress to end-stage liver disease in many cases, the risk of progression during childhood is less well defined. Since most obese children are not adherent to lifestyle modifications and hypocaloric diets, there is a growing number of studies on pharmacological interventions with the risk of disease mongering, the practice of widening the boundaries of illness in order to expand the markets for treatment...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307986/clinical-epidemiology-and-disease-burden-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#19
REVIEW
Brandon J Perumpail, Muhammad Ali Khan, Eric R Yoo, George Cholankeril, Donghee Kim, Aijaz Ahmed
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is defined as the presence of hepatic fat accumulation after the exclusion of other causes of hepatic steatosis, including other causes of liver disease, excessive alcohol consumption, and other conditions that may lead to hepatic steatosis. NAFLD encompasses a broad clinical spectrum ranging from nonalcoholic fatty liver to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), advanced fibrosis, cirrhosis, and finally hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). NAFLD is the most common liver disease in the world and NASH may soon become the most common indication for liver transplantation...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290663/extended-pelvic-side-wall-excision-for-locally-advanced-rectal-cancers
#20
COMMENT
Irshad A Shaikh, John T Jenkins
Extended pelvic side wall excision is a useful technique for treatment of recurrent or advanced rectal cancer involving sciatic notch and does not compromise the dissection of major pelvic vessels and vascular control.
December 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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