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Culture, Health & Sexuality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720042/exotic-dancing-and-relationship-violence-exploring-indigeneity-gender-and-agency
#1
Jade Le Grice
How should we begin to explore the complex considerations influencing young Indigenous New Zealand Māori women's sexuality? Centring a Māori woman's analysis through a Mana Wāhine methodology, and utilising an Indigenous form of storying, pūrākau, I explore this question by attending to my autobiographical memory of experiences of exotic dancing and moments of violence in heterosexual relationships. The analysis provides critical reflection on the interchanges between individual experience and the social and cultural conditions of a reality, informed by colonisation and historical trauma...
July 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720025/perspectives-on-induced-abortion-among-palestinian-women-religion-culture-and-access-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territories
#2
Sarrah Shahawy, Megan B Diamond
Induced abortion is an important public health issue in the occupied Palestinian territories (OPT), where it is illegal in most cases. This study was designed to elicit the views of Palestinian women on induced abortion given the unique religious, ethical and social challenges in the OPT. Sixty Palestinian women were interviewed on their perceptions of the religious implications, social consequences and accessibility of induced abortions in the OPT at Al-Makassed Islamic Charitable Hospital in East Jerusalem...
July 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720021/ricky-and-lucy-gender-stereotyping-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-us-deep-south-and-the-implications-for-hiv-risk-in-a-severely-affected-population
#3
Bronwen Lichtenstein, Emma Sophia Kay, Ian Klinger, Matt G Mutchler
HIV disproportionately affects young Black men who have sex with men in the USA, with especially high rates in the Deep South. In this Alabama study, we interviewed 24 pairs of young Black men who have sex with men aged 19-24 and their close friends (n = 48) about sexual scripts, dating men and condom use. Three main themes emerged from the study: the power dynamics of 'top' and 'bottom' sexual positions for condom use; gender stereotyping in the iconic style of the 'I Love Lucy' show of the 1950s; and the sexual dominance of 'trade' men...
July 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720018/structural-risk-and-limits-on-agency-among-exotic-dancers-hiv-risk-practices-in-the-exotic-dance-club
#4
Katherine H A Footer, Sahnah Lim, Merdith R Brantley, Susan G Sherman
This paper provides longitudinal examination of women's health and sexual risk trajectories in US exotic dance clubs, which represent an important commercial setting for the economic mainstreaming of sexual services and an important target for public health programmes. Between July 2014 and May 2015, two semi-structured interviews (at baseline and at three months) were conducted with 24 female exotic dancers who had recently started working in in Baltimore City, USA. Results from a constant comparative analysis point to the interrelationship between the structures of the club setting, including the social context, and women's agentic practices concerning their sexual health...
July 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708452/from-rakhi-to-romance-negotiating-acceptable-relationships-in-co-educational-secondary-schools-in-new-delhi-india
#5
Padmini Iyer
Based on a multi-method study conducted with middle-class young people (aged 15-17) in three secondary schools in New Delhi, India, this paper focuses on heterosocial dynamics within school peer cultures as an important site of learning about gender and sexuality. Findings indicate that young people negotiate and adapt rakhi (brother-sister) relationships to form less strictly platonic heterosocial friendships, which leave open the possibility of romance. Students' preferences for certain heterosocial relationships are considered within the context of wider cultural narratives...
July 14, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705119/can-stories-reduce-abortion-stigma-findings-from-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#6
Kate Cockrill, Antonia Biggs
Women often hide or selectively disclose abortion experiences due to stigma. Secrecy can help women avoid stigma but may also result in isolation and a lack of social support and contribute to broader social silence. This study assesses whether a book-club intervention can support abortion disclosure among book club participants and improve participants' affective responses towards women who have abortions and abortion providers. A total of 109 women from 13 all-female book clubs located in 9 US states read and discussed a non-fiction book that included stories about pregnancy and abortion, participated in a book club discussion and completed baseline, immediate post-intervention and endline surveys...
July 14, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705100/barriers-to-postpartum-contraception-differences-among-women-based-on-parity-and-future-fertility-desires
#7
Sirina Keesara, Pamela A Juma, Cynthia C Harper, Sara J Newmann
Timely use of contraception in the postpartum year is critical for pregnancy spacing, which protects a mother's health and improves her ability to care for children. This qualitative study explored contraceptive decision-making among postpartum women in Nairobi, Kenya, with a focus on accounts of how women overcame barriers to postpartum contraceptive use. Focus groups (n = 61) and in-depth interviews (n = 30) explored experiences, barriers and actual use of postpartum contraception. Data were analysed using framework analysis, a method that organises qualitative data into themes and then interprets the data by mapping participant characteristics to these themes...
July 14, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704135/-top-bottom-versatile-narratives-of-sexual-practices-in-gay-relationships-in-the-cape-metropole-south-africa
#8
Neil John Henderson
Sexual practices among gay and other men who have sex with men are evolving in South Africa and heteronormative stereotypes are being contested. This paper draws from a larger qualitative study on how men construct a gay identity and negotiate their relationships within contemporary South African contexts, following constitutional and legal changes, in this respect. A feminist, social constructionist approach was used to collect and analyse data from in-depth interviews with 15 self-identified gay men, aged 20 to 46 years, drawn from a university in the larger Cape Metropole, South Africa...
July 13, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691575/performance-power-and-condom-use-reconceptualised-masculinities-amongst-western-male-sex-tourists-to-thailand
#9
Simon Bishop, Mark Limmer
Each year large numbers of Western men travel to Thailand for sex tourism. Although many will use condoms during their sexual encounters, others will not, potentially exposing themselves to the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Although sex tourism in Thailand has been well documented, the social drivers underpinning voluntary sexual risk-taking through the avoidance of condoms remain poorly understood. Engaging with R.W. Connell's concept of hegemonic masculinity and drawing on data collected from 1237 online discussion board posts and 14 face-to-face interviews, this study considers the ways in which understandings and performances of masculinities may inform the sexual risk-taking behaviours of Western male sex tourists...
July 10, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675330/prevalence-and-attitudes-on-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-egypt-since-criminalisation-in-2008
#10
Duna Alkhalaileh, Sarah R Hayford, Alison H Norris, Maria F Gallo
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), which can result in severe pain, haemorrhage and poor birth outcomes, remains a major public health issue. The extent to which prevalence of and attitudes toward the practice have changed in Egypt since its criminalisation in 2008 is unknown. We analysed data from the 2005, 2008 and 2014 Egypt Demographic and Health Surveys to assess trends related to FGM/C. Specifically, we determined whether FGM/C prevalence among ever-married, 15-19-year-old women had changed from 2005 to 2014...
July 4, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664771/social-support-relationships-for-sexual-minority-women-in-mumbai-india-a-photo-elicitation-interview-study
#11
Jessamyn Bowling, Brian Dodge, Swagata Banik, Elizabeth Bartelt, Shruta Mengle, Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Devon Hensel, Debby Herbenick, Vivek Anand
Little research exists on women who do not identify as heterosexual in India. Social support for sexual minority women may protect against the effects of discrimination. An examination of significant social relationships may point to both strengths and weaknesses in this support. We aimed to understand relationship prioritisation and communication patterns associated with the social support of sexual minority women in Mumbai. In partnership with the Humsafar Trust, India's oldest and largest sexual and gender minority-advocacy organisation, we conducted photo-elicitation interviews with 18 sexual minority women, using participants' photographs to prompt dialogue about their social support...
June 30, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662610/-church-hurt-can-be-the-worst-hurt-community-stakeholder-perceptions-of-the-role-of-black-churches-in-hiv-prevention-among-young-black-gay-and-bisexual-men
#12
Emily S Pingel, José A Bauermeister
Black gay and bisexual men aged 15-29 are disproportionately represented among new cases of HIV in the USA. Researchers have argued that community-based prevention cannot succeed without the participation of faith-based organisations, particularly given the salience of religion and spirituality in the lives of young Black gay and bisexual men. Yet some Black churches may be hesitant to engage in HIV prevention efforts given their beliefs about same-sex behaviour. It is less clear, however, whether and how public health practitioners in the field of HIV prevention have approached church inclusion...
June 30, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660795/barriers-to-primary-and-emergency-healthcare-for-trans-adults
#13
Ella Vermeir, Lois A Jackson, Emily Gard Marshall
Trans individuals are less healthy than the general population in part because of their avoidance and underutilisation of healthcare. Using qualitative research methods, the objective of this study was to explore the barriers trans adults encounter when pursuing primary and emergency care in Nova Scotia, Canada. Findings reveal that trans adults often feel discriminated against and socially excluded in primary and emergency care settings. This marginalisation is manifested in relationships with healthcare providers and within both the physical care and social care environments...
June 29, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657474/-you-have-to-bow-right-here-heteronormative-scripts-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-women-s-same-sex-relationships
#14
Nadia Sanger, Ingrid Lynch
Intimate partner violence is increasingly recognised as occurring not only between heterosexual partners but also in same-sex relationships. Heterogendered relationship norms have been identified as intersecting with other social inequalities to create and sustain power differentials between partners - and fuel violence - yet remain largely unexplored in relation to women's same-sex relationships. Building on existing feminist research we explore the use of gendered scripts in South African lesbian and bisexual women's accounts of relationship norms and practices...
June 28, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641479/norms-and-normalisation-understanding-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-youth-suicidality-and-help-seeking
#15
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
Young people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer transgender have elevated rates of suicidality. Despite the increased risk, there is a paucity of research on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer help-seeking and suicidality. We report on a UK sequential exploratory, two-stage, mixed-method study. Stage 1 involved 29 online and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer youth aged 16-25 years old. Stage 2 utilised an online youth questionnaire employing a community-based sampling strategy (n = 789)...
June 23, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633559/dating-persons-with-physical-disabilities-the-perceptions-of-south-africans-without-disabilities
#16
Xanthe Hunt, Leslie Swartz, Mark Thomas Carew, Stine Hellum Braathen, Mussa Chiwaula, Poul Rohleder
There is good reason to believe that the attitudes of persons without disability towards dating a person with a physical disability might be unfavourable. However, in general, and in the Global South in particular, there is a dearth of research in this area. This study sought to take the first step in addressing this lack of enquiry, by surveying the attitudes of a general population sample in South Africa towards dating people with physical disabilities, using a vignette. Data from 1723 survey respondents were analysed thematically...
June 21, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628376/becoming-a-mother-perspectives-and-experiences-of-young-women-in-a-south-african-township
#17
Nompilo Mjwara, Pranitha Maharaj
There has been growing interest in the high levels of pregnancy among young women in South Africa. This study aimed to explore a range of perspectives and experiences of early motherhood among young women in a township in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. This was done using in-depth interviews from a small sample of young mothers aged 18-24 years. All the young mothers reported that they had had their first child while still at school. None of them had intended or planned to have a child, and were therefore not ready for motherhood...
June 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621176/women-s-decision-making-about-self-protection-during-sexual-activity-in-the-deep-south-of-the-usa-a-grounded-theory-study
#18
Deborah Konkle-Parker, Katherine Fouquier, Kaitlin Portz, Linnie Wheeless, Trisha Arnold, Courtney Harris, Janet Turan
Many women continue to become infected with HIV, particularly in the Southeastern USA, despite widespread knowledge about methods to prevent its sexual transmission. This grounded theory investigation examined the decision-making process women use to guide their use or non-use of self-protective measures when engaging in sexual activity. Participants included women in the Mississippi cohort of the Women's Interagency HIV Study who were infected with or at high risk for HIV. Theoretical sampling was used to recruit a sample of 20 primarily African American women aged between 26 and 56 years, living in rural and urban areas...
June 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594310/local-narratives-of-sexual-and-other-violence-against-children-and-young-people-in-zanzibar
#19
Shelley Lees, Karen Devries
Understandings of violence, and especially sexual violence against children, must be situated within the local context. The 2009 Violence against Children Survey in Zanzibar indicated that 6% of girls and 9% of boys reported having experienced sexual violence before the age of 18 years. This paper reports on an in-depth qualitative study conducted in Zanzibar to provide further insights to these findings by examining the circumstances for sexual and other violence against children in Zanzibar. Twenty-four in-depth interviews with young people and 18 focus-group discussions with young people and adults were conducted in rural and urban Zanzibar...
June 8, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594292/men-s-perspectives-on-women-s-empowerment-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-rural-bangladesh
#20
Sidney Ruth Schuler, Rachel Lenzi, Shamsul Huda Badal, Sohela Nazneen
Intimate partner violence (IPV) may increase as women in patriarchal societies become empowered, implicitly or explicitly challenging prevailing gender norms. Prior evidence suggests an inverse U-shaped relationship between women's empowerment and IPV, in which violence against women first increases and then decreases as more egalitarian gender norms gradually gain acceptance. By means of focus-group discussions and in-depth interviews with men in 10 Bangladeshi villages, this study explored men's evolving views of women, gender norms and the legitimacy of men's perpetration of IPV in the context of a gender transition...
June 8, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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