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Culture, Health & Sexuality

Charlotta Carlström
Based on a five-year qualitative ethnographic study of Bondage and Discipline/Dominance and Submission/Sadism and Masochism (BDSM) in Sweden, this paper examines the process of becoming among BDSM practitioners. In-depth interviews were completed with 29 self-defined BDSM practitioners, and their accounts were analysed using thematic analysis. Focusing on the Deleuzian concept of becoming, BDSM is understood as a dynamic and collective phenomenon closely connected to fantasies, memories and longing, and enabled through flows of desire...
July 24, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Venkatesan Chakrapani, Manmeet Kaur, Peter A Newman, Sandeep Mittal, Rajesh Kumar
Using syndemics theory as a framework, we explored the experience of men who have sex with men in India in relation to four syndemic conditions (depression, alcohol use, internalised homonegativity and violence victimisation) and to understand their resilience resources. Five focus groups were conducted among a purposive sample of diverse men along with seven key informant interviews with HIV service providers. Participants' narratives suggested various pathways by which syndemic conditions interact with one another to sequentially or concurrently increase HIV risk...
July 20, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Isabelle Toupin, Kim Engler, Bertrand Lebouché, Joanne Otis, Joseph J Lévy, Mylène Fernet
Little research in Canada has examined the perspectives of women living with HIV on decision-making across the stages of motherhood. In 2004-2005, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 42 African, Caucasian and Haitian HIV-positive women recruited in Montreal. All were or wished to be biological mothers. Transcripts underwent thematic analysis organised by three culturally informed models of motherhood described by the participants, which influenced decision-making and perceived risks. For women who saw motherhood as 'self-fulfilment and completeness', vertical HIV transmission was a primary concern...
July 11, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Sophia Ahmed Hussen, Meron Gurji Argaw, Mulugeta Tsegaye, Karen L Andes, Danielle Gilliard, Carlos Del Rio
Historically, Ethiopian women have faced numerous challenges to gender equity at the individual, relational and community levels; such inequalities can lead to increased risk of HIV acquisition. Over the past two decades, some progress has been made towards changing policies and norms to reduce gender inequality. We sought to understand the ways in which marriage and other romantic/sexual relationships of a group of Ethiopian women living with HIV had been impacted by gender norms, relational power dynamics and HIV status over the life course...
July 11, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Joanna Semlyen, Atif Ali, Paul Flowers
Individual interviews were conducted with six self-identified Muslim gay men living in London focusing on their experience of health service use. Transcripts were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Analysis identified two major themes: the close(d) community and self-management with healthcare professionals, detailing participants' concerns regarding the risks of disclosing sexuality; and the authentic identity - 'you're either a Muslim or you're gay, you can't be both' - which delineated notions of incommensurate identity...
September 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Dorothy Yu, Andrew R Hatala, Joss Reimer, Rob Lorway
Despite decreased rates of HIV infection in Winnipeg, syphilis incidence continues to rise. Communities of men who have sex with men shoulder much of this burden of illness. This qualitative study aimed to better understand the co-evolution of HIV and syphilis in Winnipeg through a series of interviews with gay men. Eighteen individuals were recruited through advertising in sexual health centres and through subsequent snowball sampling. Thematic interpretive analysis and inductive reasoning were used to find individual and shared group meanings...
September 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Kiyomi Tsuyuki, Jessica D Gipson, Regina Maria Barbosa, Lianne A Urada, Donald E Morisky
Syndemic Zika virus, HIV and unintended pregnancy call for an urgent understanding of dual method (condoms with another modern non-barrier contraceptive) and consistent condom use. Multinomial and logistic regression analysis using data from the Pesquisa Nacional de Demografia e Saúde da Criança e da Mulher (PNDS), a nationally representative household survey of reproductive-aged women in Brazil, identified the socio-demographic, fertility and relationship context correlates of exclusive non-barrier contraception, dual method use and condom use consistency...
September 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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September 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Erin Stern, Lori Heise, Lyndsay McLean
This paper explores two key norms that underpin intimate partner violence in Rwanda: men's roles as economic providers and decision-making authorities in the household. It describes the political, legal and socio-economic factors affecting these norms and how they create opportunities and barriers to 'undoing' restrictive gender norms. Findings are drawn from an evaluation of Inadshyikirwa, an intimate partner violence prevention programme operating in Rwanda. Across three intervention sectors, 24 focus groups were conducted with unmarried and married men and women residing in intervention communities...
September 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Katherine Carroll, Charlotte Kroløkke
The promise of egg freezing for women's fertility preservation entered feminist debate in connection with medical and commercial control over, and emancipation from, biological reproduction restrictions. In this paper we explore how women negotiate and make sense of the decision to freeze their eggs. Our analysis draws on semi-structured interviews with 16 women from the Midwest and East Coast regions of the USA who froze their eggs. Rather than freezing to balance career choices and 'have it all', the women in this cohort were largely 'freezing for love' and in the hope of having their 'own healthy baby'...
September 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
María Luisa Mittal, Angela Robertson Bazzi, María Gudelia Rangel, Hugo Staines, Kelly Yotebieng, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jennifer L Syvertsen
Female sex work is often perceived as women being controlled by men. We used surveys and qualitative interviews with female sex workers and their intimate partners in two Northern Mexico cities to examine couples' own perceptions of their relationships and male partners' involvement in sex work. Among 214 couples, the median age was 34 and relationship duration was approximately 3 years. Only 10 women in the survey reported having a pimp, and the majority reported sole control over sex work decisions. Qualitative analyses revealed that while most men avoided direct involvement in sex work, they offered advice that was largely driven by concern for their partner's well-being...
September 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Brian D Earp, Lauren M Sardi, William A Jellison
Critics of non-therapeutic male and female childhood genital cutting claim that such cutting is harmful. It is therefore puzzling that 'circumcised' women and men do not typically regard themselves as having been harmed by the cutting, notwithstanding the loss of sensitive, prima facie valuable tissue. For female genital cutting (FGC), a commonly proposed solution to this puzzle is that women who had part(s) of their vulvae removed before sexual debut 'do not know what they are missing' and may 'justify' their genitally-altered state by adopting false beliefs about the benefits of FGC, while simultaneously stigmatising unmodified genitalia as unattractive or unclean...
August 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Mark McCormack, Ritch Savin-Williams
Recent evidence suggests it is useful to distinguish sexual identities among young men at the gay end of the spectrum because of group differences between primarily gay, mostly gay and gay orientations on several assessed physiological, behavioural and self-report measures. However, little is known about individuals' rationales for choosing sexuality labels beyond traditional gay or bisexual categories. We addressed this issue by interviewing 24 young men with a non-exclusive gay orientation about their sexual desires and histories, drawing on both qualitative and numeric data...
August 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Cecilia Tomori, Aylur K Srikrishnan, Shruti H Mehta, Nymisha Nimmagadda, Santhanam Anand, Canjeevaram K Vasudevan, David D Celentano, Sunil S Solomon
In countries such as India, men who have same-sex partnerships may marry women due to cultural pressures regardless of their sexual desires and preferences. The wives of such men may be at risk for HIV but limited existing research addresses this issue. This qualitative study used in-depth interviews to investigate HIV-related risk among married men who have sex with men (n = 34) and women who were aware of their husband's same-sex behaviour (n = 13) from six research sites in five states and a Union Territory in India: Delhi (Delhi), Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Hyderabad (Telangana), Bengaluru (Karnataka), Chennai and Madurai (Tamil Nadu)...
August 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Steven P Philpot, Duane Duncan, Jeanne Ellard, Benjamin R Bavinton, Jeffrey Grierson, Garrett Prestage
When viewed over time, many gay men's relationships are not static, or firmly fixed to monogamy or non-monogamy. This paper uses in-depth interviews with 61 Australian gay men to explore how monogamy and non-monogamy are experienced over time, expectations of what constitutes the norms regarding gay men's relationships and how couples experience and practices change. Although some gay men may idealise monogamy, particularly at the beginning of a relationship, it is often experienced as temporary. Non-monogamy is often seen as a likely prospect for gay relationships owing to the social and cultural norms that operate in gay communities...
August 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Laura Stark
This study examines under-18 marriage in urban Tanzania from an ethnographic perspective. Due to poverty and high unemployment, some girls aspire to early marriage. Two pathways to early marriage are identified: first, poverty and gendered economic disparities motivate girls to begin transactional sexual activity at an early age, leading parents to favour early marriage as a risk-reduction measure. Second, educational opportunities are often closed off to girls before marriage, as a result of which early marriage becomes the only culturally approved pathway that allows girls to present themselves to others as a self-sufficient agent...
August 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Pierre Miège
This study explores the way in which some Chinese gay men negotiate dance performances in parks and other public spaces in an attempt to invent and experiment with 'possible selves'. In most circumstances, these same men conceal their sexual orientation for fear of stigma and discrimination, experiencing in the process something of a 'divided self'. Little attention has been given to understanding the way such individuals negotiate and construct same-sex experiences, especially through the negotiation of specific and restricted social interactions and performances...
August 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Hamish Niven, Hayden Jose, Patrick Rawstorne, Sally Nathan
There has been limited research on the experiences of men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste. Previous research has suggested a phenomenon by which same-sex-attracted men and transgender women have sexual and intimate relationships with straight-identifying men or mane-forte. Transactional sex has also been reported to be common. This paper, which complements a larger national size estimation among key populations at risk of HIV, further investigates sexual and social identities and roles, including sexual practices, among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste...
August 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Colleen Cartwright, Ben White, Lindy Willmott, Malcolm Parker, Gail Williams
In most developed countries, competent patients have the legal right to refuse any medical treatment; Advance Care Planning mechanisms extend this right to non-competent patients. However, some groups, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people, risk their wishes not being respected if they lose capacity, more than others. Little is known about medical practitioners' knowledge of, or attitudes to, the law in this area, especially in relation to LGBTI people, or how the law influences their decision-making...
August 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Sreeparna Chattopadhyay, Arima Mishra, Suraj Jacob
The majority of maternal health interventions in India focus on increasing institutional deliveries to reduce maternal mortality, typically by incentivising village health workers to register births and making conditional cash transfers to mothers for hospital births. Based on over 15 months of ethnographically informed fieldwork conducted between 2015 and 2017 in rural Assam, the Indian state with the highest recorded rate of maternal deaths, we find that while there has been an expansion in institutional deliveries, the experience of childbirth in government facilities is characterised by obstetric violence...
July 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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