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Culture, Health & Sexuality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322629/promoting-the-wellbeing-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-forced-migrants-in-canada-providers-perspectives
#1
Sarilee Kahn, Edward Alessi, Leah Woolner, Hanna Kim, Christina Olivieri
Researchers are beginning to document the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) forced migrants in settlement. However, studies exploring the perceptions of service providers working with this vulnerable population are limited. These may shed light on the challenges of meeting the needs of LGBT forced migrants, especially mental health issues and problems. This qualitative study elicited the views of 22 Canadian service providers, including advocates, lawyers and mental health practitioners, who serve LGBT forced migrants...
March 21, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318418/sexuality-and-everydayness-in-a-transnational-context-toward-a-re-imagined-west-china-relationship
#2
Yingying Huang
This paper examines how Chinese immigrants to Canada perceive and experience sexuality in a transnational context as revealed in a qualitative study. It identifies cultural interactions and tensions between 'the West' and 'China' embedded in participants' sexual narratives. Three thematic aspects of sexuality are explored: different views toward 'relationships' and how sex is involved in different stages of a relationship; physical desire and sexual attraction based on individuals' dialogues with contemporaries and their own cross-racial dating experience; and perceptions of sexual risks associated with an increasing awareness of China's opening up, in particular risks associated with attitudes towards condom use...
March 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318398/health-and-identity-related-interactions-between-lesbian-bisexual-queer-and-pansexual-women-and-their-healthcare-providers
#3
Aleta Baldwin, Brian Dodge, Vanessa Schick, Debra Herbenick, Stephanie Sanders, Roshni Dhoot, Dennis Fortenberry
Disclosure of sexual identity among sexual minority women is related to better outcomes and improved quality of care. The existing literature on sexual minority women's experiences of identity disclosure and related interactions with healthcare providers draws little distinction between different groups of sexual minority women, despite the different barriers, stigma and health outcomes that exist between them. This paper presents factors influencing identity disclosure and describes the characteristics of interactions that sexual minority women have with their healthcare providers around sexual identity and health...
March 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318393/pathways-to-adolescent-childbearing-among-kaqchikel-women-in-guatemala
#4
Emily Lemon, Monique Hennink, Nely Amparo Can Saquic
One-in-five children in Guatemala is born to a mother aged 15-19 years, which poses social, economic and health risks to both mother and child. In Guatemala, adolescent childbearing is directly associated with education, ethnicity and poverty, which increases vulnerability among Indigenous young women living in poverty. This study examines the context and experiences of adolescent childbearing from the perspectives of young mothers in the Kaqchikel Indigenous ethnic group of Sololá, Guatemala. Data were collected in 19 qualitative in-depth interviews with women who had given birth to one or more children when aged 15 to 19 years...
March 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264630/female-sex-workers-empowerment-strategies-amid-hiv-related-socioeconomic-vulnerabilities-in-cameroon
#5
Charles W Cange, Matthew LeBreton, Karen Saylors, Serge Billong, Ubald Tamoufe, Pamella Fokam, Stefan Baral
Research has consistently demonstrated that female sex workers use a variety of empowerment strategies to protect one another and their families. This study examines the strategies Cameroonian sex workers employ to do so. In-depth interviews and focus-group discussions were conducted with 100 sex workers. Coded texts were analysed for recurring themes. Sex workers reported being concerned with physical violence and sexual assault and demands from authorities for bribes to avoid fines and/or imprisonment. Women described strategies such as 'looking out for' each other when faced with security threats...
March 7, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276915/barriers-to-modern-contraceptive-use-in-rural-areas-in-drc
#6
Mbadu Fidèle Muanda, Gahungu Parfait Ndongo, Lauren J Messina, Jane T Bertrand
Recent research in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has shown that over a quarter of women have an unmet need for family planning and that modern contraceptive use is three times higher among urban than rural women. This study focuses on the reasons behind the choices of married men and women to use contraception or not. What are the barriers that have led to low levels of modern contraceptive use among women and men in DRC rural areas? The research team conducted 24 focus groups among women (non-users of any method, users of traditional methods and users of modern methods) and husbands (of non-users or users of traditional methods) in six health zones of three geographically dispersed provinces...
March 3, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276916/falling-into-poverty-the-intersectionality-of-meanings-of-hiv-among-overseas-filipino-workers-and-their-families
#7
Mira Alexis Ofreneo, Nico Canoy
Many years of labour migration have opened opportunities as well as exposed overseas Filipino workers to health vulnerabilities. In the light of the increasing number of HIV cases in the country, these workers may be conceived as an at-risk group in need of careful attention. This study, which focuses on the experiences of HIV-positive overseas Filipino workers, describes the meanings HIV carries, together with implications for workers' identities as they return home to their families. Recognising that HIV may affect different groups in different ways, we analysed 13 accounts from heterosexual men and women and gay men from the lens of intersectionality...
March 1, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276919/-they-say-god-punishes-people-with-hiv-experiences-of-stigma-and-discrimination-among-adults-with-hiv-in-dili-timor-leste
#8
Kate Williams, Bridget G Haire, Sally Nathan
Little is known about the experiences of people with HIV in the small island nation of Timor-Leste. This study explored the HIV-related stigma experiences of adults aged between 18 and 40 living with HIV in Dili, Timor-Leste. Participants were interviewed on topics related to living with HIV, both as key informants describing the experience of others with HIV known to them, and also with respect to their own personal experiences. Findings suggest that people with HIV in Timor-Leste face stigma and discrimination in various contexts...
February 22, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276918/perceived-anticipated-and-experienced-stigma-exploring-manifestations-and-implications-for-young-people-s-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-access-to-care-in-north-western-tanzania
#9
Laura Nyblade, Melissa Stockton, Daniel Nyato, Joyce Wamoyi
Young people - particularly girls and young women in sub-Saharan Africa - face significant challenges accessing sexual and reproductive health information and services. These challenges are shaped in part by sociocultural factors, including stigma. This paper presents findings from a qualitative study that explored the micro-level social process of stigma surrounding young people's sexual and reproductive health in two communities in Tanzania. Respondents described an environment of pervasive stigma surrounding the sexual and reproductive health of unmarried young people...
February 22, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276917/-whore-stigma-as-a-transformative-experience-altered-cognitive-expectations-among-jewish-israeli-street-based-sex-workers
#10
Dana Zarhin, Nicole Fox
While the scholarship on sex work is substantial, it neglects to explore whether sex work and associated stigma affect sex workers' cognitive expectations. Drawing on observations of street-based sex work as well as in-depth interviews with Jewish-Israeli sex workers, this study suggests that because stigma is a moral experience that threatens and often destroys what really matters to stigmatised individuals, it leads to recurrent disappointments, which, in turn, may alter sex workers' cognitive expectations...
February 22, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276922/science-technology-power-and-sex-prep-and-hiv-positive-gay-men-in-paris
#11
Julien Brisson, Vinh-Kim Nguyen
The pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) drug Truvada is a new HIV prevention technology that is predominantly promoted as relevant to HIV-negative gay men. This paper explores what PrEP represents for HIV-positive gay men living in Paris, based upon data collected through interviews and ethnographic research. While HIV-positive gay men do not directly consume Truvada through PrEP, they nonetheless hold opinions and understandings of this drug, specifically as it relates to their own sexuality. This paper expands the representations and meanings of this new technology in a different light through the voices of gay men living with HIV in Paris...
February 21, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276921/the-sex-age-and-me-study-recruitment-and-sampling-for-a-large-mixed-methods-study-of-sexual-health-and-relationships-in-an-older-australian-population
#12
Anthony Lyons, Wendy Heywood, Bianca Fileborn, Victor Minichiello, Catherine Barrett, Graham Brown, Sharron Hinchliff, Sue Malta, Pauline Crameri
Older people are often excluded from large studies of sexual health, as it is assumed that they are not having sex or are reluctant to talk about sensitive topics and are therefore difficult to recruit. We outline the sampling and recruitment strategies from a recent study on sexual health and relationships among older people. Sex, Age and Me was a nationwide Australian study that examined sexual health, relationship patterns, safer-sex practices and STI knowledge of Australians aged 60 years and over. The study used a mixed-methods approach to establish baseline levels of knowledge and to develop deeper insights into older adult's understandings and practices relating to sexual health...
February 21, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276920/getting-men-in-the-room-perceptions-of-effective-strategies-to-initiate-men-s-involvement-in-gender-based-violence-prevention-in-a-global-sample
#13
Erin A Casey, Cliff Leek, Richard M Tolman, Christopher T Allen, Juliana M Carlson
As engaging men in gender-based violence prevention efforts becomes an increasingly institutionalised component of gender equity work globally, clarity is needed about the strategies that best initiate male-identified individuals' involvement in these efforts. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived relevance and effectiveness of men's engagement strategies from the perspective of men around the world who have organised or attended gender-based violence prevention events. Participants responded to an online survey (available in English, French and Spanish) and rated the effectiveness of 15 discrete engagement strategies derived from earlier qualitative work...
February 21, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276923/-good-culture-bad-culture-polygyny-cultural-change-and-structural-drivers-of-hiv-in-papua-new-guinea
#14
Patti Shih, Heather Worth, Joanne Travaglia, Angela Kelly-Hanku
Culture is often problematised as a key structural driver of HIV transmission in Papua New Guinea. Official HIV programmes, as well as church teachings, tend to focus on customary marital practices of polygyny and bride price payments as 'harmful traditions'. This focus can oversimplify the effects of current and historical nuances of cultural, political and economic change on sexual concurrency and gender inequality. Community-based healthcare workers in Southern Highlands Province explain that customary marital practices are now highly reconfigured from their traditional forms...
February 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276925/a-qualitative-analysis-of-multi-level-barriers-to-hiv-testing-among-women-in-lebanon
#15
Kirsty A Clark, Danya E Keene, John E Pachankis, Omar Fattal, Nesrine Rizk, Kaveh Khoshnood
While the number of HIV cases in the Middle East and North Africa region is low compared to other regions, recent studies show that incidence is increasing especially among high-risk populations; in particular, little is known about women and HIV in the region. Through semi-structured interviews with sexual healthcare providers and staff at non-governmental organisations, we sought to understand barriers to HIV testing among women in Lebanon. Using snowball sampling, key informants were recruited from greater Beirut (12 physicians, 9 non-governmental organisation staff)...
February 13, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276924/latino-men-who-have-sex-with-transgendered-women-the-influence-of-heteronormativity-homonegativity-and-transphobia-on-gender-and-sexual-scripts
#16
Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Nicolette Severson, Ethan Levine, Omar Martínez
Latino men who have sex with transgender women make up an overlooked sector of the population that requires more attention than is currently given in sexuality and gender studies, particularly in regard to their non-commercial, long-term sexual and romantic relationships with transgender women. Sixty-one sexual histories were selected for this qualitative analysis from a larger study on Latino male bisexuality in the New York City metropolitan area. Findings suggest that participants' sexual and gender scripts with transgender women are strongly regulated by heteronormativity...
February 13, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132611/stakeholder-conceptualisation-of-multi-level-hiv-and-aids-determinants-in-a-black-epicentre
#17
Bridgette M Brawner, Janaiya L Reason, Kelsey Hanlon, Barbara Guthrie, Jean J Schensul
HIV has reached epidemic proportions among African Americans in the USA but certain urban contexts appear to experience a disproportionate disease burden. Geographic information systems mapping in Philadelphia indicates increased HIV incidence and prevalence in predominantly Black census tracts, with major differences across adjacent communities. What factors shape these geographic HIV disparities among Black Philadelphians? This descriptive study was designed to refine and validate a conceptual model developed to better understand multi-level determinants of HIV-related risk among Black Philadelphians...
January 30, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132601/stigma-violence-and-hiv-vulnerability-among-transgender-persons-in-sex-work-in-maharashtra-india
#18
Deepika Ganju, Niranjan Saggurti
Among marginalised groups in India, HIV prevalence is highest among transgender persons; however, little is known about their HIV vulnerability. This study describes transgender sex workers' experiences of stigma and violence, a key driver of the HIV epidemic, and explores their coping responses. In-depth interviews were conducted with 68 respondents in Maharashtra state, India. Findings show that respondents face pervasive stigma and violence due to multiple marginalised social identities (transgender status, sex work, gender non-conformity), which reinforce and intersect with social inequities (economic and housing insecurity, employment discrimination, poverty), fuelling HIV vulnerability at the micro, meso and macro levels...
January 30, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132599/abjection-objection-subjection-rethinking-the-history-of-aids-in-australian-gay-men-s-futures
#19
Gary W Dowsett
In coining the term 'post-AIDS' some 20 years ago, I was noting the dissolution of a singular and unified experience of HIV and AIDS for gay communities that had been the case until that time. Not only were HIV-positive and HIV-negative gay men having increasingly different experiences, but divergent trajectories were opening up. Since then, many other factors have come into play, for example age and generation; the ascendancy of the biomedical and the technosexual; and the supremacy of neoliberal politics (including sexual politics)...
January 30, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132590/intimacy-identity-and-relationship-in-the-accounts-of-chinese-immigrants-to-canada-the-contribution-of-narrative-analysis
#20
Christina Sinding, Yanqiu Rachel Zhou
In this paper we use narrative analysis to consider how the discursive resources that come with living 'in between' countries and cultures unfold in personal stories. We do this by presenting a close analysis of two transcripts drawn from a study about the vulnerability to HIV faced by Chinese immigrants to Canada. Our goal is to illustrate the application of narrative analysis and highlight the contributions it can make to conceptualising how transnationalism becomes consequential in accounts of intimate life...
January 30, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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