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Culture, Health & Sexuality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914178/-you-just-have-to-learn-to-keep-moving-on-young-women-s-experiences-with-unplanned-pregnancy-in-the-cook-islands
#1
Ashley L White, Emily S Mann, Fiona Larkan
The Cook Islands is one of several countries in the Pacific region that has high rates of teenage pregnancy and birth. While the social determinants of pregnancy and early motherhood are well established in the global context, little is known about how Cook Islands young women who become pregnant before age 20 make sense of their experiences. Drawing on individual interviews with a purposive sample of 10 young mothers, this paper examines the phenomenology of early pregnancy from their perspectives. Structural, cultural and individual factors emerged as salient themes in participants' accounts...
September 15, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914175/menstruation-experiences-of-south-african-women-belonging-to-the-ama-xhosa-ethnic-group
#2
Anita Padmanabhanunni, Labeeqah Jaffer, Jeanette Steenkamp
A growing body of research has emphasised the salience of cultural beliefs and traditional practices to women's experiences of menstruation. Relatively less research has, however, been undertaken in South Africa. This study explored the experience of menstruation among women from the ama-Xhosa ethnic group, one of the largest ethnic groups in the country. Among the ama-Xhosa, there are distinct cultural practices associated with menstruation, including the female rite of passage (intonjane) and virginity testing (inkciyo)...
September 15, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905687/victimisation-and-life-satisfaction-of-gay-and-bisexual-individuals-in-44-european-countries-the-moderating-role-of-country-level-and-person-level-attitudes-towards-homosexuality
#3
Paraskevas Petrou, Richard Lemke
We examined the link between victimisation and life satisfaction for 85,301 gay and bisexual individuals across 44 European countries. We expected this negative link to be stronger when the internalised homonegativity of the victim was high (e.g. because the victim is more vulnerable) and weaker when victimisation occurs in countries that express intolerance towards homosexuality (e.g. because in such contexts victims expect victimisation more and they attribute it to their external environment). Additionally, we expected internalised homonegativity to relate negatively to life satisfaction...
September 14, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903628/what-motivates-serodiscordant-couples-to-prevent-hiv-transmission-within-their-relationships-findings-from-a-prep-implementation-study-in-kenya
#4
Rena C Patel, Anna M Leddy, Josephine Odoyo, Keerthana Anand, Gaelen Stanford-Moore, Imeldah Wakhungu, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Jared M Baeten, Joelle M Brown
With the planned scale-up of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention among serodiscordant couples in resource-limited settings, gaining an understanding of what motivates serodiscordant couples to prevent HIV is critical. We conducted 44 semi-structured, in-depth individual or couple interviews with 63 participants (33 HIV-infected and 30 HIV-uninfected participants) enrolled in a prospective implementation study of oral antiretroviral-based prevention in Kisumu, Kenya. Transcripts were iteratively analysed using inductive content analysis...
September 14, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872441/negotiating-sexual-safety-in-the-era-of-biomedical-hiv-prevention-relationship-dynamics-among-male-couples-using-pre-exposure-prophylaxis
#5
Jowanna Malone, Jennifer L Syvertsen, Blake E Johnson, Matthew J Mimiaga, Kenneth H Mayer, Angela R Bazzi
Up to two-thirds of new cases of HIV transmission between gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men in the USA are attributed to primary relationships. Understanding the relationship dynamics and sexual agreements of male-male couples can provide insight into HIV transmission patterns and prevention needs in this population. The daily use of antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective in preventing HIV, but its negotiation and use within social and intimate relationship contexts remain understudied...
September 5, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866956/youth-experiences-in-accessing-sexual-healthcare-services-in-vietnam
#6
Anh Hoang, Chinh Quoc Nguyen, Cong Dinh Duong
Poor sexual and reproductive health outcomes among youth are reflective of the many barriers members of this group face in accessing health services. This study provides an in-depth account of the unique challenges that young people face in accessing sexual healthcare services in Vietnam. We surveyed 130 men and women aged 18-24 years at two major reproductive health sites in Ho Chi Minh City. We identified and explored seven domains: health insurance status, modern contraception use, HIV/STI testing, cervical cancer screening, unintended pregnancy, reproductive coercion and the patient-provider relationship...
September 4, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862527/agency-lapse-in-condom-use-and-relationship-intimacy-among-female-sex-workers-in-jamaica
#7
Althea E Bailey, John Peter Figueroa
This paper explores barriers to consistent condom use among female sex workers in Jamaica in a qualitative study using grounded theory. Multiple perspectives were sought through 44 in-depth interviews conducted with female sex workers, clients, the partners of sex workers and facilitators of sex work. Poverty and lack of education or skills, severely limited support systems as well as childhood abuse served to push the majority of participants into sex work and created vulnerability to HIV and other STIs. Despite these constraints, women found ways to exercise agency, ensure condom use, adopt protective measures and gain economic advantage in various aspects of the Jamaican sex trade...
September 1, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862522/the-social-context-of-hormone-and-silicone-injection-among-puerto-rican-transwomen
#8
Mark B Padilla, Sheilla Rodríguez-Madera, Alixida G Ramos Pibernus, Nelson Varas-Díaz, Torsten B Neilands
This paper draws on ethnographic, qualitative and survey data with transwomen in Puerto Rico to examine the social and political-economic context of lay injection with hormone and silicone - common practices within this community. We describe specific practices of hormone and silicone injection, the actors that govern them, the market for the sale and distribution of syringes and the networks of lay specialists who provide services to a population that is neglected by and largely excluded from biomedical settings...
September 1, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857687/-there-was-a-struggle-between-my-instinct-and-my-head-women-s-perception-and-experience-of-masturbation-in-contemporary-vietnam
#9
Bui Thu Huong, Pranee Liamputtong
This paper investigates how masturbation, as one form of non-coital sexual practice, is interpreted and experienced by young married women in contemporary Vietnam. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 20 professional women aged 25-40 living in Hanoi. Thematic analysis suggests that by embracing the pursuit of pleasure and aspiring to achieve this goal, many women stake a claim for modernity by promoting the idea that they are no longer traditional in this particular domain of social life...
August 31, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857678/somali-american-female-refugees-discuss-their-attitudes-toward-homosexuality-and-the-gay-and-lesbian-community
#10
Shanda L Hunt, Jennifer J Connor, Amanda Ciesinski, Cawo Abdi, Beatrice 'Bean' E Robinson
Minnesota is home to the largest population of Somalis in the USA - most arriving as refugees from the civil war in Somalia. As Somali Americans adjust to life in the USA, they are likely to undergo shifts in their belief systems - including changes in their attitudes toward gays and lesbians. We examined the attitudes of 29 Somali American women in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area toward homosexuality via face-to-face, semi-structured interviews. Transcripts were translated, transcribed and analysed using an approach informed by grounded theory...
August 31, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812525/a-cross-cultural-exploration-of-abortion-fund-patients-in-the-usa-and-the-republic-of-ireland-northern-ireland-and-the-isle-of-man
#11
Gretchen E Ely, Travis W Hales, D Lynn Jackson
This paper details results of a study examining administrative case data from 2010-2015 from abortion funds serving the USA and the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man. Driven by the available data, the researchers compared organisational characteristics, patient characteristics, procedural costs, patient resources and the ratio between patient resources and procedural costs. Independent t-tests were conducted to assess whether differences in characteristics, costs or resources were significant...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812457/from-half-dead-to-being-free-resistance-to-hiv-stigma-self-disclosure-and-support-for-pmtct-hiv-care-among-couples-living-with-hiv-in-kenya
#12
Sydney A Spangler, Lisa L Abuogi, Eliud Akama, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Anna Helova, Pamela Musoke, Wafula Z Nalwa, Thomas A Odeny, Maricianah Onono, Iris Wanga, Janet M Turan
In sub-Saharan Africa, self-disclosure of HIV-positive status may be a pivotal action for improving access to prevention of mother-to-child transmission services. However, understanding of HIV stigma and disclosure, and their effects on demand for care remains incomplete - particularly in the current context of new antiretroviral therapy guidelines. The purpose of this study was to explore these issues among self-disclosed couples living in southwest Kenya. We conducted 38 in-depth interviews with HIV-positive pregnant or postpartum women and their male partners...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812448/peer-network-influence-on-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-among-urban-tanzanian-men
#13
Marta I Mulawa, Lusajo J Kajula, Suzanne Maman
Male perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women in Tanzania is widespread. Theory and empirical evidence suggest peer networks may play an important role in shaping IPV perpetration, although research on this topic in sub-Saharan Africa is limited. Grounded in social learning theory, social influence theory, and the theory of gender and power, the purpose of this study was to examine whether and how peer networks influence men's perpetration of IPV in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. We conducted in-depth interviews (n = 40) with a sub-sample of 20 men enrolled in the control condition of an ongoing cluster-randomised controlled trial...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812445/-half-a-woman-half-a-man-that-is-how-they-make-me-feel-a-qualitative-study-of-rural-jordanian-women-s-experience-of-infertility
#14
Mayada A Daibes, Reema R Safadi, Tarek Athamneh, Iman F Anees, Rose E Constantino
Infertility is a health problem encompassing physical, psychological and social consequences that may threaten women's quality of life. Few studies have been conducted in Jordan examining rural women's experiences of infertility. This study aimed to explore responses to infertility and its consequences in the Jordanian rural sociocultural context. Using a descriptive qualitative design, data were collected between April and September 2016 from a fertility clinic in a military hospital in Northern Jordan. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 purposively selected Jordanian women...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799462/a-typology-of-female-sex-work-in-the-metropolitan-region-of-santiago-chile
#15
Julieta Belmar, Valeria Stuardo, Cinta Folch, Bielka Carvajal, Maria José Clunes, Alexandra Montoliu, Jordi Casabona
In Chile, sex work takes place covertly in a variety of venues and locations. Formative research using time-location sampling methods is important in order to understand the nature of this diversity. This study used qualitative methods to develop a typology of female sex work in the Metropolitan Region of Santiago, Chile, using semi-structured interviews, focus groups and ethnographic fieldwork during visits to sex work venues. The study identified seven types of venue, which reflect the context and regulatory framework of the country and the structural vulnerabilities that affect female sex workers in Chile...
August 11, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793851/protective-behaviours-among-young-african-american-women-with-non-monogamous-sexual-partners
#16
Ashley C Lima, Karen Hilyard, Teaniese Latham Davis, Kathleen de Marrais, William L Jeffries, Jessica Legge Muilenburg
In the USA, partner non-monogamy is reported to be more common among African American women than White women and may contribute to African American women's increased risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Few studies have explicitly and comprehensively described the protective behaviours that African American women employ with non-monogamous partners to reduce their HIV risk. We conducted interviews to examine protective behaviours among 11 African American women aged 18-24 years who perceived that a partner in the preceding 12 months had another sex partner...
August 10, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786755/women-s-empowerment-and-short-and-long-acting-contraceptive-method-use-in-egypt
#17
Goleen Samari
Egypt is ranked one of the most gender unequal countries, and fertility is at a two-decade high of 3.5 births per woman. Women's empowerment is a strategy used to promote contraceptive use and lower fertility, yet evidence from the Middle East is limited. This study uses 2005, 2008 and 2014 Egyptian Demographic and Health Survey data to examine recent patterns of contraceptive method choice and how women's empowerment is associated with contraceptive method type: none, short-acting or long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods...
August 8, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783454/corrigendum
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747104/indigenous-australian-women-s-colonial-sexual-intimacies-positioning-indigenous-women-s-agency
#19
Corrinne Tayce Sullivan
Colonialist views of Indigenous bodies and sexualities continue to affect Indigenous peoples worldwide. For Indigenous Australians, this burden has resulted in repression and oppression of power, sex and desire. Focusing on the sexual intimacies of Indigenous Australian women, this paper provides an account of the dominant Australian historical discourses, finding that Indigenous women were viewed as exotic, erotic, something to be desired, yet simultaneously something to be feared. Our sexualities were described as savage, promiscuous and primitive and we were often viewed as prostitutes with our voices and views constrained by patriarchal and imperial regimes of power...
July 27, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741983/-taking-care-in-the-age-of-aids-older-rural-south-africans-strategies-for-surviving-the-hiv-epidemic
#20
Nicole Angotti, Sanyu A Mojola, Enid Schatz, Jill R Williams, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé
Older adults have been largely overlooked in community studies of HIV in highly endemic African countries. In our rural study site in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa, HIV prevalence among those aged 50 and older is 16.5%, suggesting that older adults are at risk of both acquiring and transmitting HIV. This paper utilises community-based focus-group interviews with older rural South African men and women to better understand the normative environment in which they come to understand and make decisions about their health as they age in an HIV endemic setting...
July 25, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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