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Culture, Health & Sexuality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268660/intersectional-identities-and-dilemmas-in-interactions-with-healthcare-professionals-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-british-muslim-gay-men
#1
Joanna Semlyen, Atif Ali, Paul Flowers
Individual interviews were conducted with six self-identified Muslim gay men living in London focusing on their experience of health service use. Transcripts were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Analysis identified two major themes: the close(d) community and self-management with healthcare professionals, detailing participants' concerns regarding the risks of disclosing sexuality; and the authentic identity - 'you're either a Muslim or you're gay, you can't be both' - which delineated notions of incommensurate identity...
December 22, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268658/-i-m-more-aware-of-my-hiv-risk-than-anything-else-syndemics-of-syphilis-and-hiv-among-gay-men-in-winnipeg
#2
Dorothy Yu, Andrew R Hatala, Joss Reimer, Rob Lorway
Despite decreased rates of HIV infection in Winnipeg, syphilis incidence continues to rise. Communities of men who have sex with men shoulder much of this burden of illness. This qualitative study aimed to better understand the co-evolution of HIV and syphilis in Winnipeg through a series of interviews with gay men. Eighteen individuals were recruited through advertising in sexual health centres and through subsequent snowball sampling. Thematic interpretive analysis and inductive reasoning were used to find individual and shared group meanings...
December 22, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231077/preventing-syndemic-zika-virus-hiv-stis-and-unintended-pregnancy-dual-method-use-and-consistent-condom-use-among-brazilian-women-in-marital-and-civil-unions
#3
Kiyomi Tsuyuki, Jessica D Gipson, Regina Maria Barbosa, Lianne A Urada, Donald E Morisky
Syndemic Zika virus, HIV and unintended pregnancy call for an urgent understanding of dual method (condoms with another modern non-barrier contraceptive) and consistent condom use. Multinomial and logistic regression analysis using data from the Pesquisa Nacional de Demografia e Saúde da Criança e da Mulher (PNDS), a nationally representative household survey of reproductive-aged women in Brazil, identified the socio-demographic, fertility and relationship context correlates of exclusive non-barrier contraception, dual method use and condom use consistency...
December 12, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210334/false-beliefs-predict-increased-circumcision-satisfaction-in-a-sample-of-us-american-men
#4
Brian D Earp, Lauren M Sardi, William A Jellison
Critics of non-therapeutic male and female childhood genital cutting claim that such cutting is harmful. It is therefore puzzling that 'circumcised' women and men do not typically regard themselves as having been harmed by the cutting, notwithstanding the loss of sensitive, prima facie valuable tissue. For female genital cutting (FGC), a commonly proposed solution to this puzzle is that women who had part(s) of their vulvae removed before sexual debut 'do not know what they are missing' and may 'justify' their genitally-altered state by adopting false beliefs about the benefits of FGC, while simultaneously stigmatising unmodified genitalia as unattractive or unclean...
December 6, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202652/corrigendum
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191111/the-doing-and-undoing-of-male-household-decision-making-and-economic-authority-in-rwanda-and-its-implications-for-gender-transformative-programming
#6
Erin Stern, Lori Heise, Lyndsay McLean
This paper explores two key norms that underpin intimate partner violence in Rwanda: men's roles as economic providers and decision-making authorities in the household. It describes the political, legal and socio-economic factors affecting these norms and how they create opportunities and barriers to 'undoing' restrictive gender norms. Findings are drawn from an evaluation of Inadshyikirwa, an intimate partner violence prevention programme operating in Rwanda. Across three intervention sectors, 24 focus groups were conducted with unmarried and married men and women residing in intervention communities...
December 1, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185876/freezing-for-love-enacting-responsible-reproductive-citizenship-through-egg-freezing
#7
Katherine Carroll, Charlotte Kroløkke
The promise of egg freezing for women's fertility preservation entered feminist debate in connection with medical and commercial control over, and emancipation from, biological reproduction restrictions. In this paper we explore how women negotiate and make sense of the decision to freeze their eggs. Our analysis draws on semi-structured interviews with 16 women from the Midwest and East Coast regions of the USA who froze their eggs. Rather than freezing to balance career choices and 'have it all', the women in this cohort were largely 'freezing for love' and in the hope of having their 'own healthy baby'...
November 29, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171796/-he-s-not-my-pimp-toward-an-understanding-of-intimate-male-partner-involvement-in-female-sex-work-at-the-mexico-us-border
#8
María Luisa Mittal, Angela Robertson Bazzi, María Gudelia Rangel, Hugo Staines, Kelly Yotebieng, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jennifer L Syvertsen
Female sex work is often perceived as women being controlled by men. We used surveys and qualitative interviews with female sex workers and their intimate partners in two Northern Mexico cities to examine couples' own perceptions of their relationships and male partners' involvement in sex work. Among 214 couples, the median age was 34 and relationship duration was approximately 3 years. Only 10 women in the survey reported having a pimp, and the majority reported sole control over sex work decisions. Qualitative analyses revealed that while most men avoided direct involvement in sex work, they offered advice that was largely driven by concern for their partner's well-being...
November 24, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171795/young-men-s-rationales-for-non-exclusive-gay-sexualities
#9
Mark McCormack, Ritch Savin-Williams
Recent evidence suggests it is useful to distinguish sexual identities among young men at the gay end of the spectrum because of group differences between primarily gay, mostly gay and gay orientations on several assessed physiological, behavioural and self-report measures. However, little is known about individuals' rationales for choosing sexuality labels beyond traditional gay or bisexual categories. We addressed this issue by interviewing 24 young men with a non-exclusive gay orientation about their sexual desires and histories, drawing on both qualitative and numeric data...
November 24, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125041/hiv-risks-among-women-who-are-married-to-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-india-a-qualitative-investigation
#10
Cecilia Tomori, Aylur K Srikrishnan, Shruti H Mehta, Nymisha Nimmagadda, Santhanam Anand, Canjeevaram K Vasudevan, David D Celentano, Sunil S Solomon
In countries such as India, men who have same-sex partnerships may marry women due to cultural pressures regardless of their sexual desires and preferences. The wives of such men may be at risk for HIV but limited existing research addresses this issue. This qualitative study used in-depth interviews to investigate HIV-related risk among married men who have sex with men (n = 34) and women who were aware of their husband's same-sex behaviour (n = 13) from six research sites in five states and a Union Territory in India: Delhi (Delhi), Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Hyderabad (Telangana), Bengaluru (Karnataka), Chennai and Madurai (Tamil Nadu)...
November 10, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111881/negotiating-gay-men-s-relationships-how-are-monogamy-and-non-monogamy-experienced-and-practised-over-time
#11
Steven P Philpot, Duane Duncan, Jeanne Ellard, Benjamin R Bavinton, Jeffrey Grierson, Garrett Prestage
When viewed over time, many gay men's relationships are not static, or firmly fixed to monogamy or non-monogamy. This paper uses in-depth interviews with 61 Australian gay men to explore how monogamy and non-monogamy are experienced over time, expectations of what constitutes the norms regarding gay men's relationships and how couples experience and practices change. Although some gay men may idealise monogamy, particularly at the beginning of a relationship, it is often experienced as temporary. Non-monogamy is often seen as a likely prospect for gay relationships owing to the social and cultural norms that operate in gay communities...
November 7, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111880/early-marriage-and-cultural-constructions-of-adulthood-in-two-slums-in-dar-es-salaam
#12
Laura Stark
This study examines under-18 marriage in urban Tanzania from an ethnographic perspective. Due to poverty and high unemployment, some girls aspire to early marriage. Two pathways to early marriage are identified: first, poverty and gendered economic disparities motivate girls to begin transactional sexual activity at an early age, leading parents to favour early marriage as a risk-reduction measure. Second, educational opportunities are often closed off to girls before marriage, as a result of which early marriage becomes the only culturally approved pathway that allows girls to present themselves to others as a self-sufficient agent...
November 7, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111878/may-i-have-the-next-dance-chinese-gay-men-exploring-selves-and-practices-through-the-tradition-of-dance-in-public-spaces
#13
Pierre Miège
This study explores the way in which some Chinese gay men negotiate dance performances in parks and other public spaces in an attempt to invent and experiment with 'possible selves'. In most circumstances, these same men conceal their sexual orientation for fear of stigma and discrimination, experiencing in the process something of a 'divided self'. Little attention has been given to understanding the way such individuals negotiate and construct same-sex experiences, especially through the negotiation of specific and restricted social interactions and performances...
November 7, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108507/-they-love-us-just-the-way-they-love-a-woman-gender-identity-power-and-transactional-sex-between-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-timor-leste
#14
Hamish Niven, Hayden Jose, Patrick Rawstorne, Sally Nathan
There has been limited research on the experiences of men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste. Previous research has suggested a phenomenon by which same-sex-attracted men and transgender women have sexual and intimate relationships with straight-identifying men or mane-forte. Transactional sex has also been reported to be common. This paper, which complements a larger national size estimation among key populations at risk of HIV, further investigates sexual and social identities and roles, including sexual practices, among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste...
November 7, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096592/-safe-yet-violent-women-s-experiences-with-obstetric-violence-during-hospital-births-in-rural-northeast-india
#15
Sreeparna Chattopadhyay, Arima Mishra, Suraj Jacob
The majority of maternal health interventions in India focus on increasing institutional deliveries to reduce maternal mortality, typically by incentivising village health workers to register births and making conditional cash transfers to mothers for hospital births. Based on over 15 months of ethnographically informed fieldwork conducted between 2015 and 2017 in rural Assam, the Indian state with the highest recorded rate of maternal deaths, we find that while there has been an expansion in institutional deliveries, the experience of childbirth in government facilities is characterised by obstetric violence...
November 3, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067876/australian-doctors-knowledge-of-and-compliance-with-the-law-relating-to-end-of-life-decisions-implications-for-lgbti-patients
#16
Colleen Cartwright, Ben White, Lindy Willmott, Malcolm Parker, Gail Williams
In most developed countries, competent patients have the legal right to refuse any medical treatment; Advance Care Planning mechanisms extend this right to non-competent patients. However, some groups, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people, risk their wishes not being respected if they lose capacity, more than others. Little is known about medical practitioners' knowledge of, or attitudes to, the law in this area, especially in relation to LGBTI people, or how the law influences their decision-making...
October 25, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418279/intersectional-stigma-among-midlife-and-older-black-women-living-with-hiv
#17
Thurka Sangaramoorthy, Amelia Jamison, Typhanye Dyer
HIV-related stigma is a barrier to the prevention and treatment of HIV. For midlife and older Black women, the nature and intensity of HIV-related stigma may be compounded by their multiple marginalised social status based on gender, race, and age. We examined the perceptions and experiences of HIV-related stigma among midlife and older Black women living in Prince George's County, Maryland, USA. Between 2014 and 2015, we conducted semi-structured interviews with a sample of 35 midlife and older Black women living with HIV...
December 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398134/-i-told-her-this-is-your-life-relationship-dynamics-partner-support-and-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-south-african-couples
#18
Amy Conroy, Anna Leddy, Mallory Johnson, Thulani Ngubane, Heidi van Rooyen, Lynae Darbes
Despite the important role of social relationships for health and wellbeing, little is known about how primary partners affect adherence to HIV care and treatment. We qualitatively explored how relationship dynamics and partner support influence adherence among couples from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Twenty-four heterosexual couples with at least one HIV-positive partner completed semi-structured interviews on topics including relationship dynamics (intimacy or emotional closeness, communication, violence), experiences with HIV care and treatment and HIV-related social support...
November 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367724/sexual-hiv-risk-among-gay-bisexual-and-queer-transgender-men-findings-from-interviews-in-vancouver-canada
#19
Ashleigh Rich, Kai Scott, Caitlin Johnston, Everett Blackwell, Nathan Lachowsky, Zishan Cui, Paul Sereda, David Moore, Robert Hogg, Eric Roth
Gay, bisexual, queer and other men who have sex with men are disproportionately affected by HIV in Canada. While up to 63% of transgender men identify as gay, bisexual or queer and report a variety of HIV sexual risk behaviours, transgender men are often overlooked within epidemiological HIV surveillance and research. While a growing body of research has begun to examine sexual risk for transgender gay, bisexual and queer men, most studies have been conducted in the USA. This study explored sexual HIV risk for this population in the Canadian context, specifically in British Columbia, in an environment of publically funded universal access to healthcare, including HIV testing and treatment...
November 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043910/intersections-of-girl-child-marriage-and-family-planning-beliefs-and-use-qualitative-findings-from-ethiopia-and-india
#20
Katherine A McClendon, Lotus McDougal, Sankari Ayyaluru, Yemeserach Belayneh, Anand Sinha, Jay G Silverman, Anita Raj
Child marriage and subsequent early first birth is a considerable social, economic and health concern, and a pervasive practice in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. This study explores barriers and facilitators to family planning among women and girls, and their marital decision-makers subsequent to receipt of child marriage prevention programmes in Ethiopia and India. In-depth interviews with 128 women and girls who were married as minors or who cancelled or postponed marriage as minors and their marital decision-makers were analysed using content analysis...
October 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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