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Culture, Health & Sexuality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633559/dating-persons-with-physical-disabilities-the-perceptions-of-south-africans-without-disabilities
#1
Xanthe Hunt, Leslie Swartz, Mark Thomas Carew, Stine Hellum Braathen, Mussa Chiwaula, Poul Rohleder
There is good reason to believe that the attitudes of persons without disability towards dating a person with a physical disability might be unfavourable. However, in general, and in the Global South in particular, there is a dearth of research in this area. This study sought to take the first step in addressing this lack of enquiry, by surveying the attitudes of a general population sample in South Africa towards dating people with physical disabilities, using a vignette. Data from 1723 survey respondents were analysed thematically...
June 21, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628376/becoming-a-mother-perspectives-and-experiences-of-young-women-in-a-south-african-township
#2
Nompilo Mjwara, Pranitha Maharaj
There has been growing interest in the high levels of pregnancy among young women in South Africa. This study aimed to explore a range of perspectives and experiences of early motherhood among young women in a township in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. This was done using in-depth interviews from a small sample of young mothers aged 18-24 years. All the young mothers reported that they had had their first child while still at school. None of them had intended or planned to have a child, and were therefore not ready for motherhood...
June 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621176/women-s-decision-making-about-self-protection-during-sexual-activity-in-the-deep-south-of-the-usa-a-grounded-theory-study
#3
Deborah Konkle-Parker, Katherine Fouquier, Kaitlin Portz, Linnie Wheeless, Trisha Arnold, Courtney Harris, Janet Turan
Many women continue to become infected with HIV, particularly in the Southeastern USA, despite widespread knowledge about methods to prevent its sexual transmission. This grounded theory investigation examined the decision-making process women use to guide their use or non-use of self-protective measures when engaging in sexual activity. Participants included women in the Mississippi cohort of the Women's Interagency HIV Study who were infected with or at high risk for HIV. Theoretical sampling was used to recruit a sample of 20 primarily African American women aged between 26 and 56 years, living in rural and urban areas...
June 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594310/local-narratives-of-sexual-and-other-violence-against-children-and-young-people-in-zanzibar
#4
Shelley Lees, Karen Devries
Understandings of violence, and especially sexual violence against children, must be situated within the local context. The 2009 Violence against Children Survey in Zanzibar indicated that 6% of girls and 9% of boys reported having experienced sexual violence before the age of 18 years. This paper reports on an in-depth qualitative study conducted in Zanzibar to provide further insights to these findings by examining the circumstances for sexual and other violence against children in Zanzibar. Twenty-four in-depth interviews with young people and 18 focus-group discussions with young people and adults were conducted in rural and urban Zanzibar...
June 8, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594292/men-s-perspectives-on-women-s-empowerment-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-rural-bangladesh
#5
Sidney Ruth Schuler, Rachel Lenzi, Shamsul Huda Badal, Sohela Nazneen
Intimate partner violence (IPV) may increase as women in patriarchal societies become empowered, implicitly or explicitly challenging prevailing gender norms. Prior evidence suggests an inverse U-shaped relationship between women's empowerment and IPV, in which violence against women first increases and then decreases as more egalitarian gender norms gradually gain acceptance. By means of focus-group discussions and in-depth interviews with men in 10 Bangladeshi villages, this study explored men's evolving views of women, gender norms and the legitimacy of men's perpetration of IPV in the context of a gender transition...
June 8, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548011/sex-work-and-three-dimensions-of-self-esteem-self-worth-authenticity-and-self-efficacy
#6
Cecilia Benoit, Michaela Smith, Mikael Jansson, Samantha Magnus, Jackson Flagg, Renay Maurice
Sex work is assumed to have a negative effect on self-esteem, nearly exclusively expressed as low self-worth, due to its social unacceptability and despite the diversity of persons, positions and roles within the sex industry. In this study, we asked a heterogeneous sample of 218 Canadian sex workers delivering services in various venues about how their work affected their sense of self. Using thematic analysis based on a three-dimensional conception of self-esteem - self-worth (viewing oneself in a favourable light), authenticity (being one's true self) and self-efficacy (competency) - we shed light on the relationship between involvement in sex work and self-esteem...
May 26, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532296/recently-released-black-men-s-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-incarceration-on-sexual-partnering
#7
Julie C Fields, Kelly M King, Kamila A Alexander, Katherine C Smith, Susan G Sherman, Amy Knowlton
Evidence suggests that men with recent histories of incarceration are more likely to engage in high-risk sexual activity, however there is limited research exploring how having been recently released from prison might impact men's sexual risk behaviours or sexual partnering. This qualitative study explores the ways in which exposure to incarceration impacts the dynamics of sexual partnering among recently released Black men in Baltimore, USA. In-depth interviews were conducted with 19 recently released Black men between 21-45 years of age living in the city...
May 23, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514927/la-vida-normal-living-with-hiv-in-santo-domingo-dominican-republic
#8
Clare Barrington, Deanna Kerrigan, Francisco I Cáceres Ureña, Karen Brudney
In this study, we explore how individuals living with HIV in the Dominican Republic strive to live a 'normal' life and the consequences of this pursuit of normalcy. We conducted qualitative in-depth interviews with men (n = 20) and women (n = 20) living with HIV and receiving care at two urban clinics in Santo Domingo. We analysed the data using a combination of narrative analysis and thematic coding. We aimed to identify how fears and/or lived experiences with social rejection and HIV-related stigma and discrimination shaped participants' abilities to maintain social relationships, be economically productive and manage HIV within the context of sexual relationships...
May 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508706/british-pakistani-lesbians-existing-within-the-confines-of-the-closet
#9
Asifa Siraj
This study explores the complex interaction between ethnicity, gender and [homo]sexuality and how this creates a framework of stigma that compels some British Pakistani lesbians to remain within the closet. The 'closet' here is a metaphor that describes the concealment of one's homosexual identity and the outward 'performance' of heterosexuality. British Pakistani lesbians precariously inhabit a sociocultural environment that constrains the expression of female sexuality. Women who oppose and contravene heteronormative values and ideals unsettle comfortable assumptions of heterosexuality...
May 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508701/beyond-invisibility-queer-intelligibility-and-symbolic-annihilation-in-healthcare
#10
Alex Müller
Sexual minority health is increasingly receiving attention by health sciences education and healthcare, with the core argument being that health can be improved by challenging sexual minority invisibility. Invisibility as a concept, however, does not allow for a deeper theoretical engagement with the reasons and consequences of the lack of representation of queerness in healthcare. Drawing on empirical research with queer healthcare users in South Africa, I argue that 'invisibility' actually encompasses two distinct, though related, concepts: queer symbolic annihilation as the reason for the exclusion of queer identities in health professions education and, by consequence, in healthcare; and queer (un)intelligibility as the consequence of this systemic erasure...
May 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498049/the-paradox-of-recognition-hijra-third-gender-and-sexual-rights-in-bangladesh
#11
Adnan Hossain
Hijra, the iconic figure of South Asian gender and sexual difference, comprise a publicly institutionalised subculture of male-bodied feminine-identified people. Although they have existed as a culturally recognised third gender for a very long time, it is only recently that hijra have been legally recognised as a third gender in several South Asian countries. This paper focuses on the transformation of this long-running cultural category of third gender into a legal category of third gender in Bangladesh, showing that the process of legal recognition has necessitated a simultaneous mobilisation of a discourse of disability in the constitution of hijra as citizens worthy of rights...
May 12, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498039/seduction-and-the-self-movements-through-precarity-race-and-sexuality-in-japanese-host-clubs
#12
Pardis Mahdavi
In this article, I build on the notion of precarity to argue that Japanese host clubs are sites in which a particular kind of intimacy and sense of 'belonging' are produced. The analysis highlights host clubs as necessary spaces among many in the precarious economy and as important venues for the production of subjectivity for the male hosts (both migrant and Japanese) as well as for the migrant women who frequent these establishments. In particular, host clubs provide a lucrative employment opportunity for young men - particularly young men who are migrants from the rural parts of Japan or the Philippines (and often Japanese-Filipino young men) who are trying to make a living in the context of what has been characterised as 'precarious Japan'...
May 12, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468533/willingness-to-use-short-term-oral-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-by-migrant-miners-and-female-partners-of-migrant-miners-in-mozambique
#13
Joana Falcao, Laurence Ahoua, Allison Zerbe, Pietro di Mattei, Rachel Baggaley, Victor Chivurre, Prince Mulondo, Isaias Ramiro, Shona Dalal, Fernando Morales, Kevin O'Reilly, Wafaa El-Sadr
Migrant miners from Mozambique who work in South Africa and their partners are at substantial risk for HIV infection. We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the willingness of migrant miners and female partners of miners to take short-term pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for prevention of HIV acquisition. The study was conducted in Gaza Province, Mozambique, between September and October 2015. A total of 131 male miners and female partners of male miners completed a questionnaire. Subsequently, 48 in-depth interviews among male miners and female partners of miners and 3 focus-group discussions (6 participants each) among female partners of miners were conducted...
May 4, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463049/-part-of-me-already-knew-the-experiences-of-partners-of-people-going-through-a-gender-transition-process
#14
Krystle Chester, Antonia Lyons, Veronica Hopner
Research has shown that the gender transition of one partner in a relationship can have a significant impact on the non-transitioning partner. This paper explores the experiences of former and current cisgender partners of people making a gender transition. Six participants were recruited via snowball sampling and took part in semi-structured interviews, which were transcribed and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Three superordinate themes were identified, namely: (1) the shared and ongoing process of learning about a partner's transgender identity; (2) changes in relationships; and (3) impact on self and identity...
May 2, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463037/identity-management-strategies-among-hiv-positive-colombian-gay-men-in-london
#15
Rusi Jaspal, Iain Williamson
This study set out to explore the social-psychological aspects of living with HIV among a group of HIV-positive Colombian gay men in London, and the strategies that they deployed to manage ensuing threats to their identities. Focus group and individual interview data were collected from 14 Colombian gay men living with HIV, and were analysed using qualitative thematic analysis and identity process theory. The following themes are discussed: (1) identity struggles and conflicts in Colombia, (2), managing multiple layers of social stigma in England, and (3) changing interpersonal and intergroup dynamics, which highlight the inter-connections between sexual prejudice, sexual risk-taking and HIV stigma...
May 2, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424023/erratum
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424001/corrigendum
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423992/secrecy-empowerment-and-protection-positioning-prep-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#18
Eliza Govender, Leila Mansoor, Kate MacQueen, Quarraisha Abdool Karim
The release of World Health Organisation guidelines recommending the prophylactic use of daily Truvada(®) for all populations at high risk of acquiring HIV opens the way for implementation of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). The impact of new prevention technologies is, however, dependent on demand creation strategies such as user awareness, acceptability and access, which in turn are influenced by sociocultural and gender norms. This study was conducted in three locations in KwaZulu-Natal, urban, rural and peri-urban, with six participatory workshops...
April 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418279/intersectional-stigma-among-midlife-and-older-black-women-living-with-hiv
#19
Thurka Sangaramoorthy, Amelia Jamison, Typhanye Dyer
HIV-related stigma is a barrier to the prevention and treatment of HIV. For midlife and older Black women, the nature and intensity of HIV-related stigma may be compounded by their multiple marginalised social status based on gender, race, and age. We examined the perceptions and experiences of HIV-related stigma among midlife and older Black women living in Prince George's County, Maryland, USA. Between 2014 and 2015, we conducted semi-structured interviews with a sample of 35 midlife and older Black women living with HIV...
April 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415961/changing-practices-and-shifting-meanings-of-female-genital-cutting-among-the-maasai-of-arusha-and-manyara-regions-of-tanzania
#20
Hannelore Van Bavel, Gily Coene, Els Leye
Using mixed methods that combined participant observation and semi-structured in-depth interviews, this study looked at changing practices and shifting meanings of female genital cutting among the Maasai people in Tanzania. The findings suggest that an increasing social pressure to abandon female genital cutting has inspired the hiding of the practice, causing the actual cutting to become detached from its traditional ceremonial connotations. This detaching of cutting from ceremony has created a shift in meanings: the ceremony still carries the meaning of passage into adulthood, while the cutting seems to function as a way of inscribing Maasai identity into the body...
April 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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