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Evidence-based Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30077988/effects-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-on-alexithymia-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Hilary Norman, Lisa Marzano, Mark Coulson, Andrea Oskis
QUESTION: Alexithymia has been found to be modifiable through treatment, with associated clinical benefits. Recent studies have begun to test the potential of mindfulness-based interventions to reduce alexithymia, using skills-based, group training to improve non-judgemental, present-moment awareness. The objective of this review therefore was to conduct a systematic synthesis to assess the current state of knowledge about the effect of mindfulness-based interventions on alexithymia to inform clinical practice...
August 4, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30045844/recent-developments-in-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
REVIEW
Haseena Hussain, Bernadka Dubicka, Paul Wilkinson
Major depressive disorder in adolescents is an important public health concern. It is common, a risk factor for suicide and is associated with adverse psychosocial consequences. The UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines recommend that children and young people with moderate-to-severe depression should be seen within Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services and receive specific psychological interventions, possibly in combination with antidepressant medication. Cognitive behavioural therapy (in some studies) and interpersonal psychotherapy have been demonstrated to be more effective than active control treatments for depressed adolescents...
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30026280/evaluation-of-the-minimum-age-for-consent-to-mental-health-treatment-with-the-minimum-age-of-criminal-responsibility-in-children-and-adolescents-a-global-comparison
#3
Mona Noroozi, Ilina Singh, Mina Fazel
BACKGROUND: In many countries, a young person who seeks medical care is not authorised to consent to their own assessment and treatment, yet the same child can be tried for a criminal offence. The absence of child and adolescent mental health legislation in most countries exacerbates the issues young people face in independently accessing mental healthcare. Countries with existing legislation rarely define a minimum age for mental health consent (MAMHC). In stark contrast, nearly all 196 nations studied maintain legislation defining a minimum age of criminal responsibility (MACR)...
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30026279/there-has-been-very-little-progress-in-treating-or-preventing-antipsychotic-induced-tardive-dyskinesia
#4
Peter van Harten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007913/the-times-they-are-a-changin
#5
EDITORIAL
Anneka Tomlinson, Andrea Cipriani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006442/ten-simple-rules-for-conducting-umbrella-reviews
#6
Paolo Fusar-Poli, Joaquim Radua
OBJECTIVE: Evidence syntheses such as systematic reviews and meta-analyses provide a rigorous and transparent knowledge base for translating clinical research into decisions, and thus they represent the basic unit of knowledge in medicine. Umbrella reviews are reviews of previously published systematic reviews or meta-analyses. Therefore, they represent one of the highest levels of evidence synthesis currently available, and are becoming increasingly influential in biomedical literature...
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006441/women-with-a-history-of-postpartum-affective-disorder-at-increased-risk-of-recurrence-in-future-pregnancies
#7
Hannah Gordon, Claire Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006440/women-with-schizophrenia-are-at-increased-risk-of-breast-cancer
#8
Alison R Yung, Joseph Firth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29997153/clozapine-and-long-acting-injectable-antipsychotics-reduce-hospitalisation-and-treatment-failure-risk-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#9
Jose M Rubio, Christoph U Correll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991532/meditation-based-therapies-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Junhua Zhang, Amparo Díaz-Román, Samuele Cortese
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of meditation-based therapies for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) across the lifespan remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the efficacy of meditation-based therapies for ADHD core symptoms and associated neuropsychological dysfunctions in children/adolescents or adults with ADHD. METHODS: We searched Pubmed, PsycInfo, Embase+Embase Classic, Ovid Medline and Web of Knowledge with no language, date or type of document restriction, up to 5 May 2018...
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982195/increased-attention-should-be-paid-to-perinatal-mental-health-and-to-the-need-of-dedicated-services
#11
Luisa Tomelleri, Carmine M Pariante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29976564/innovations-in-the-psychosocial-treatment-of-youth-with-anxiety-disorders-implications-for-a-stepped-care-approach
#12
REVIEW
Thomas H Ollendick, Lars-Göran Öst, Lara J Farrell
Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent among children and adolescents and frequently result in impairments across multiple domains of life. While psychosocial interventions, namely cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), have been found to be highly effective in treating these conditions, significant numbers of youth simply do not have access to these evidence-based interventions, and of those who do, a substantial proportion (up to 40%) fail to achieve remission. Thus, there is a pressing need for innovation in both the delivery of evidence-based treatments and efforts to enhance treatment outcomes for those who do not respond to standard care...
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945944/vesicular-monoamine-transporter-type-2-inhibition-can-lead-to-effective-and-tolerable-management-of-tardive-dyskinesia
#13
Leslie Citrome
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871870/clinical-review-of-user-engagement-with-mental-health-smartphone-apps-evidence-theory-and-improvements
#14
REVIEW
John Torous, Jennifer Nicholas, Mark E Larsen, Joseph Firth, Helen Christensen
The potential of smartphone apps to improve quality and increase access to mental health care is increasingly clear. Yet even in the current global mental health crisis, real-world uptake of smartphone apps by clinics or consumers remains low. To understand this dichotomy, this paper reviews current challenges surrounding user engagement with mental health smartphone apps. While smartphone engagement metrics and reporting remains heterogeneous in the literature, focusing on themes offers a framework to identify underlying trends...
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776973/challenges-in-end-of-life-dementia-care
#15
REVIEW
Anne A Fetherston, Grace Rowley, Charlotte L Allan
Dementia is a chronic, progressive disease that is now much more widely recognised and treated. Patients with dementia may require palliative care when they reach the end stage of their illness, or they may have mild-moderate cognitive symptoms comorbid with a life-limiting illness. The variety of presentations necessitates a highly individual approach to care planning, and patients should be encouraged to set their own goals and contribute to advanced care planning where possible. Assessment and management of distressing symptoms at the end of life can be greatly helped by a detailed knowledge of the individuals' prior wishes, interdisciplinary communication and recognition of changes in presentation that may result from new symptoms, for example, onset of pain, nutritional deficits and infection...
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25009176/missing-outcome-data-in-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Dimitris Mavridis, Anna Chaimani, Orestis Efthimiou, Georgia Salanti
Missing outcome data is a common problem in mental health trials compromising the validity of results and leading to the loss of precision. The problem is accumulated in a meta-analysis of clinical trials with missing outcome data.
August 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703717/fifty-years-of-preventing-and-treating-childhood-behaviour-disorders-a-systematic-review-to-inform-policy-and-practice
#17
REVIEW
Charlotte Waddell, Christine Schwartz, Caitlyn Andres, Jenny Lou Barican, Donna Yung
QUESTION: Oppositional defiant and conduct disorders (ODD and CD) start early and persist, incurring high individual and collective costs. To inform policy and practice, we therefore asked: What is the best available research evidence on preventing and treating these disorders? STUDY SELECTION AND ANALYSIS: We sought randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating interventions addressing the prevention or treatment of behaviour problems in individuals aged 18 years or younger...
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678927/digital-technologies-for-the-assessment-of-cognition-a-clinical-review
#18
REVIEW
Amy Chinner, Jasmine Blane, Claire Lancaster, Chris Hinds, Ivan Koychev
Dementia is the most widespread form of neurodegenerative disorder and is associated with an immense societal and personal cost. Prevalence of this disorder is projected to triple worldwide by 2050 leading to an urgent need to make advances in the efficiency of both its care and therapy research. Digital technologies are a rapidly advancing field that provide a previously unavailable opportunity to alleviate challenges faced by clinicians and researchers working in this area. This clinical review aimed to summarise currently available evidence on digital technologies that can be used to monitor cognition...
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650528/practical-guide-to-the-meta-analysis-of-rare-events
#19
Orestis Efthimiou
OBJECTIVE: Meta-analysing studies with low event rates is challenging as some of the standard methods for meta-analysis are not well suited to handle rare outcomes. This is more evident when some studies have zero events in one or both treatment groups. In this article, we discuss why rare events require special attention in meta-analysis, we present an overview of some approaches suitable for meta-analysing rare events and we provide practical recommendations for their use. METHODS: We go through several models suggested in the literature for performing a rare events meta-analysis, highlighting their respective advantages and limitations...
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650527/brief-guided-parent-delivered-cbt-is-both-efficacious-andcost-effective-for-childhood-anxiety-disorders
#20
COMMENT
Suneeta Monga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
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