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Evidence-based Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087561/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-delays-depressive-relapse-across-demographic-subgroups
#1
Graham Meadows, Frances Shawyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087560/disruptive-behaviour-may-hinder-the-acquisition-of-daily-living-skills-for-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Elizabeth A Laugeson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073811/exploratory-trials-in-mental-health-anything-to-learn-from-other-disciplines
#3
Sven Trelle
OBJECTIVE: Confirmatory randomised controlled trials require solid justifications, especially with regard to whether the experimental intervention is promising. Such evidence is generated in exploratory trials. However, empirical evidence shows that the quality of such trials is still suboptimal. More generally, the development process of healthcare interventions and especially of drugs, remains inefficient. Over the past 10-20 years, a vast amount of methodological work has been published about exploratory trials...
January 10, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073810/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-non-motor-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-clinical-review
#4
Ivan Koychev, David Okai
Neuropsychiatric symptoms are common in Parkinson's disease (PD) and have a disproportionate impact on quality of life and carer burden. Pharmacological treatment is the main approach in dealing with these symptoms, but it is limited by variable efficacy and risk of drug interactions. Non-pharmacological approaches using the cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) model are viable alternatives and in this review paper we summarise the evidence of CBT for three of the most common psychiatric manifestations of PD: depression and anxiety, impulse-control disorders and insomnia...
January 10, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069609/short-web-based-guided-self-help-intervention-prevents-the-onset-of-a-major-depressive-disorder-in-adults-with-subthreshold-depression
#5
Linda Bolier, Brigitte Boon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053184/current-status-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-for-mood-disorders-a-clinical-review
#6
Dusan Kolar
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective treatment for mood disorders and a viable treatment option especially when urgency of clinical situation requires a prompt treatment response. After acute series of ECT, the ECT long-term treatment may be considered, although this practice may vary significantly between countries or even within the same country, because there is no universal consensus about its indications, duration and frequency of administration. Continuation or maintenance ECT is common in routine clinical practice and clinicians should be aware of the risks of using ECT long term...
January 4, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039171/antipsychotic-adjunctive-therapy-to-mood-stabiliser-should-be-continued-for-6%C3%A2-months-after-remission-of-a-manic-episode
#7
Kotaro Hatta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039170/randomised-or-not
#8
LETTER
Dubi Lufi, Jim Parish-Plass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011709/cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-for-youth-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorders-demonstrates-modest-effects-on-social-responsiveness
#9
Eric A Storch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011708/more-actions-needed-to-reach-a-consensus-on-adjunctive-antidepressant-therapy-for-negative-symptoms-of-schizophrenia
#10
Shahin Akhondzadeh, Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993933/pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-treatment-of-adults-with-adhd-a-meta-review
#11
Franco De Crescenzo, Samuele Cortese, Nicoletta Adamo, Luigi Janiri
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterised by a persistent and impairing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity and it is one of the most common neuropsychiatric conditions. Evidence about interventions of adults with ADHD is growing rapidly and clinicians need a reliable summary of all the best available information in order to better inform their daily practice. We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO and Cochrane databases until 31 May 2016 for systematic reviews about pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments in adults with ADHD and carried out a meta-review to address clinically relevant questions...
December 19, 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993932/involvement-of-patients-in-planning-their-future-treatment-may-reduce-compulsory-admissions-to-hospital
#12
Steve Kisely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993931/evidence-of-ocular-side-effects-of-ssris-and-new-warnings
#13
Julia Kirkham, Dallas Seitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974349/prevention-of-depression-and-anxiety-is-the-whole-better-than-the-sum-of-the-parts
#14
Sally Merry, Sarah Hetrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927690/impact-of-gun-law-reforms-on-rates-of-homicide-suicide-and-mass-shootings-in-australia
#15
Penelope Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935811/which-psychotherapy-for-ptsd
#16
Toshi A Furukawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935810/designing-and-analysing-clinical-trials-in-mental-health-an-evidence-synthesis-approach
#17
Simon Wandel, Satrajit Roychoudhury
OBJECTIVE: When planning a clinical study, evidence on the treatment effect is often available from previous studies. However, this evidence is mostly ignored for the analysis of the new study. This is unfortunate, since using it could lead to a smaller study without compromising power. We describe a design that addresses this issue. METHODS: We use a Bayesian meta-analytic model to incorporate the available evidence in the analysis of the new study. The shrinkage estimate for the new study integrates the evidence from the other studies...
November 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935809/assessing-and-measuring-cognitive-function-in-major-depressive-disorder
#18
Renee-Marie Ragguett, Danielle S Cha, Ron Kakar, Joshua D Rosenblat, Yena Lee, Roger S McIntyre
Cognitive dysfunction is a major component of major depressive disorder (MDD). No 'gold-standard' tool exists for the assessment of cognitive dysfunction for adults with MDD. The use of measurement-based care to improve treatment outcomes invites the need for a systematic screening, evaluation and measurement tool. The aim herein was to provide a succinct summary of literature documenting clinical implication of cognitive dysfunction in MDD, and a review of available screening, diagnostic and measurement tools for cognitive dysfunction in MDD is provided...
November 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935808/evidence-on-methylphenidate-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-is-in-fact-of-very-low-quality
#19
O J Storebø, M Zwi, H B Krogh, C R Moreira-Maia, M Holmskov, D Gillies, C Groth, E Simonsen, C Gluud
Banaschewski and colleagues from the European Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) guideline group make a number of critical comments regarding our systematic review on methylphenidate for children and adolescents with ADHD. In this article, we present our views, showing that our trial selection was not flawed and was undertaken with scientific justification. Similarly, our data collection and interpretation was systematic and correct. We have followed a sound methodology for assessing risk of bias and our conclusions are not misleading...
November 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935807/methylphenidate-for-adhd-in-children-and-adolescents-throwing-the-baby-out-with-the-bathwater
#20
Tobias Banaschewski, Jan Buitelaar, Celine S L Chui, David Coghill, Samuele Cortese, Emily Simonoff, Ian C K Wong
A recent Cochrane review assessed the efficacy of methylphenidate for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. Notwithstanding the moderate-to-large effect sizes for ADHD symptom reduction found in the meta-analysis, the authors concluded that the quality of the evidence is low and therefore the true magnitude of these effects remains uncertain. We identified a number of major concerns with the review, in the domains of study inclusion, approaches to quality assessment and interpretation of data relating to serious adverse events as well as of the clinical implications of the reported effects...
November 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
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