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Evidence-based Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006442/ten-simple-rules-for-conducting-umbrella-reviews
#1
Paolo Fusar-Poli, Joaquim Radua
OBJECTIVE: Evidence syntheses such as systematic reviews and meta-analyses provide a rigorous and transparent knowledge base for translating clinical research into decisions, and thus they represent the basic unit of knowledge in medicine. Umbrella reviews are reviews of previously published systematic reviews or meta-analyses. Therefore, they represent one of the highest levels of evidence synthesis currently available, and are becoming increasingly influential in biomedical literature...
July 13, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006441/women-with-a-history-of-postpartum-affective-disorder-at-increased-risk-of-recurrence-in-future-pregnancies
#2
Hannah Gordon, Claire Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006440/women-with-schizophrenia-are-at-increased-risk-of-breast-cancer
#3
Alison R Yung, Joseph Firth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29997153/clozapine-and-long-acting-injectable-antipsychotics-reduce-hospitalisation-and-treatment-failure-risk-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#4
Jose M Rubio, Christoph U Correll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991532/meditation-based-therapies-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Junhua Zhang, Amparo Díaz-Román, Samuele Cortese
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of meditation-based therapies for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) across the lifespan remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the efficacy of meditation-based therapies for ADHD core symptoms and associated neuropsychological dysfunctions in children/adolescents or adults with ADHD. METHODS: We searched Pubmed, PsycInfo, Embase+Embase Classic, Ovid Medline and Web of Knowledge with no language, date or type of document restriction, up to 5 May 2018...
July 10, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982195/increased-attention-should-be-paid-to-perinatal-mental-health-and-to-the-need-of-dedicated-services
#6
Luisa Tomelleri, Carmine M Pariante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29976564/innovations-in-the-psychosocial-treatment-of-youth-with-anxiety-disorders-implications-for-a-stepped-care-approach
#7
REVIEW
Thomas H Ollendick, Lars-Göran Öst, Lara J Farrell
Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent among children and adolescents and frequently result in impairments across multiple domains of life. While psychosocial interventions, namely cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), have been found to be highly effective in treating these conditions, significant numbers of youth simply do not have access to these evidence-based interventions, and of those who do, a substantial proportion (up to 40%) fail to achieve remission. Thus, there is a pressing need for innovation in both the delivery of evidence-based treatments and efforts to enhance treatment outcomes for those who do not respond to standard care...
July 5, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945944/vesicular-monoamine-transporter-type-2-inhibition-can-lead-to-effective-and-tolerable-management-of-tardive-dyskinesia
#8
Leslie Citrome
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871870/clinical-review-of-user-engagement-with-mental-health-smartphone-apps-evidence-theory-and-improvements
#9
REVIEW
John Torous, Jennifer Nicholas, Mark E Larsen, Joseph Firth, Helen Christensen
The potential of smartphone apps to improve quality and increase access to mental health care is increasingly clear. Yet even in the current global mental health crisis, real-world uptake of smartphone apps by clinics or consumers remains low. To understand this dichotomy, this paper reviews current challenges surrounding user engagement with mental health smartphone apps. While smartphone engagement metrics and reporting remains heterogeneous in the literature, focusing on themes offers a framework to identify underlying trends...
June 5, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776973/challenges-in-end-of-life-dementia-care
#10
REVIEW
Anne A Fetherston, Grace Rowley, Charlotte L Allan
Dementia is a chronic, progressive disease that is now much more widely recognised and treated. Patients with dementia may require palliative care when they reach the end stage of their illness, or they may have mild-moderate cognitive symptoms comorbid with a life-limiting illness. The variety of presentations necessitates a highly individual approach to care planning, and patients should be encouraged to set their own goals and contribute to advanced care planning where possible. Assessment and management of distressing symptoms at the end of life can be greatly helped by a detailed knowledge of the individuals' prior wishes, interdisciplinary communication and recognition of changes in presentation that may result from new symptoms, for example, onset of pain, nutritional deficits and infection...
May 18, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703717/fifty-years-of-preventing-and-treating-childhood-behaviour-disorders-a-systematic-review-to-inform-policy-and-practice
#11
REVIEW
Charlotte Waddell, Christine Schwartz, Caitlyn Andres, Jenny Lou Barican, Donna Yung
QUESTION: Oppositional defiant and conduct disorders (ODD and CD) start early and persist, incurring high individual and collective costs. To inform policy and practice, we therefore asked: What is the best available research evidence on preventing and treating these disorders? STUDY SELECTION AND ANALYSIS: We sought randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating interventions addressing the prevention or treatment of behaviour problems in individuals aged 18 years or younger...
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678927/digital-technologies-for-the-assessment-of-cognition-a-clinical-review
#12
REVIEW
Amy Chinner, Jasmine Blane, Claire Lancaster, Chris Hinds, Ivan Koychev
Dementia is the most widespread form of neurodegenerative disorder and is associated with an immense societal and personal cost. Prevalence of this disorder is projected to triple worldwide by 2050 leading to an urgent need to make advances in the efficiency of both its care and therapy research. Digital technologies are a rapidly advancing field that provide a previously unavailable opportunity to alleviate challenges faced by clinicians and researchers working in this area. This clinical review aimed to summarise currently available evidence on digital technologies that can be used to monitor cognition...
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650528/practical-guide-to-the-meta-analysis-of-rare-events
#13
Orestis Efthimiou
OBJECTIVE: Meta-analysing studies with low event rates is challenging as some of the standard methods for meta-analysis are not well suited to handle rare outcomes. This is more evident when some studies have zero events in one or both treatment groups. In this article, we discuss why rare events require special attention in meta-analysis, we present an overview of some approaches suitable for meta-analysing rare events and we provide practical recommendations for their use. METHODS: We go through several models suggested in the literature for performing a rare events meta-analysis, highlighting their respective advantages and limitations...
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650527/brief-guided-parent-delivered-cbt-is-both-efficacious-andcost-effective-for-childhood-anxiety-disorders
#14
COMMENT
Suneeta Monga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636354/prevalence-and-treatment-of-panic-disorder-in-bipolar-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Antonio Preti, Jelena Vrublevska, Areti Angeliki Veroniki, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Odysseas Kyriazis, Konstantinos N Fountoulakis
QUESTION: Recent data suggest that anxiety disorders are as often comorbid with bipolar disorder (BD) as with unipolar depression. The literature on panic disorder (PD) comorbid with BD has been systematically reviewed and subject to meta-analysis. STUDY SELECTION AND ANALYSIS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were thoroughly followed for literature search, selection and reporting of available evidence. The variance-stabilising Freeman-Tukey double arcsine transformation was used in the meta-analysis of prevalence estimates...
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602778/clinical-imaging-in-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#16
REVIEW
Ajenthan Surendranathan, John Tiernan O'Brien
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a common neurodegenerative dementia in older people; however, the clinical features, particularly cognitive fluctuations and rapid eye movement sleep disorder, are often hard to elicit, leading to difficulty in making the diagnosis clinically. Here we examine the literature for the evidence behind imaging modalities that could assist in making the diagnosis. Dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging remains the best modality for differentiation from dementia of Alzheimer's type with high sensitivity and specificity reported based on pathological diagnoses...
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592861/pharmacological-treatment-reduces-the-risk-of-motor-vehicle-crashes-among-men-and-women-with-adhd
#17
Aida Bikic, Søren Dalsgaard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463572/frax-tool-underestimates-the-risk-of-osteoporotic-fractures-in-mental-disorders
#18
Rajender R Aparasu, Sanika Rege
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459364/choosing-the-optimum-strategy-for-rtms
#19
Toshi A Furukawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305360/suicide-substance-use-and-natural-causes-are-respectively-the-most-important-causes-of-mortality-in-the-first-year-post-discharge-from-psychiatric-hospitals
#20
COMMENT
Matthew Large, Sascha Swaraj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
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