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Evidence-based Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903977/who-mental-health-gap-action-programme-mhgap-intervention-guide-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
REVIEW
Roxanne C Keynejad, Tarun Dua, Corrado Barbui, Graham Thornicroft
QUESTION: Despite mental, neurological and substance use (MNS) disorders being highly prevalent, there is a worldwide gap between service need and provision. WHO launched its Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) in 2008, and the Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG) in 2010. mhGAP-IG provides evidence-based guidance and tools for assessment and integrated management of priority MNS disorders in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), using clinical decision-making protocols. It targets a non-specialised primary healthcare audience, but has also been used by ministries, non-governmental organisations and academics, for mental health service scale-up in 90 countries...
September 13, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874399/children-with-mental-health-disorders-have-lower-symptoms-of-depression-3-years-after-contact-with-mental-health-services
#2
EDITORIAL
Paul Stallard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855245/the-promise-of-digital-mood-tracking-technologies-are-we-heading-on-the-right-track
#3
REVIEW
Gin S Malhi, Amber Hamilton, Grace Morris, Zola Mannie, Pritha Das, Tim Outhred
The growing understanding that mood disorders are dynamic in nature and fluctuate over variable epochs of time has compelled researchers to develop innovative methods of monitoring mood. Technological advancement now allows for the detection of minute-to-minute changes while also capturing a longitudinal perspective of an individual's illness. Traditionally, assessments of mood have been conducted by means of clinical interviews and paper surveys. However, these methods are often inaccurate due to recall bias and compliance issues, and are limited in their capacity to collect and process data over long periods of time...
August 30, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855244/establishing-benefit-of-emotion-focused-carer-based-interventions-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#4
EDITORIAL
Mark L Norris, Jennifer Couturier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851703/multifamily-therapy-may-add-to-the-effectiveness-of-single-family-therapy-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#5
EDITORIAL
Elizabeth K Hughes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739578/applying-deep-neural-networks-to-unstructured-text-notes-in-electronic-medical-records-for-phenotyping-youth-depression
#6
Joseph Geraci, Pamela Wilansky, Vincenzo de Luca, Anvesh Roy, James L Kennedy, John Strauss
BACKGROUND: We report a study of machine learning applied to the phenotyping of psychiatric diagnosis for research recruitment in youth depression, conducted with 861 labelled electronic medical records (EMRs) documents. A model was built that could accurately identify individuals who were suitable candidates for a study on youth depression. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was a model to identify individuals who meet inclusion criteria as well as unsuitable patients who would require exclusion...
July 24, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739577/common-pitfalls-and-mistakes-in-the-set-up-analysis-and-interpretation-of-results-in-network-meta-analysis-what-clinicians-should-look-for-in-a-published-article
#7
Anna Chaimani, Georgia Salanti, Stefan Leucht, John R Geddes, Andrea Cipriani
OBJECTIVE: Several tools have been developed to evaluate the extent to which the findings from a network meta-analysis would be valid; however, applying these tools is a time-consuming task and often requires specific expertise. Clinicians have little time for critical appraisal, and they need to understand the key elements that help them select network meta-analyses that deserve further attention, optimising time and resources. This paper is aimed at providing a practical framework to assess the methodological robustness and reliability of results from network meta-analysis...
July 24, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729345/recent-advances-in-understanding-and-managing-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#8
REVIEW
Georgina Krebs, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, David Mataix-Cols
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relatively common and disabling psychiatric disorder characterised by excessive and persistent preoccupation with perceived defects or flaws in one's appearance, which are unnoticeable to others, and associated repetitive behaviours (eg, mirror checking). The disorder generally starts in adolescence, but often goes unnoticed and is severely underdiagnosed. Left untreated, BDD typically persists and causes marked functional impairment in multiple domains. This clinical review considers recent advances in the epidemiology and classification of BDD, including its reclassification in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders under the new 'Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders' chapter...
July 20, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710065/the-limitations-of-using-randomised-controlled-trials-as-a-basis-for-developing-treatment-guidelines
#9
REVIEW
Roger Mulder, Ajeet B Singh, Amber Hamilton, Pritha Das, Tim Outhred, Grace Morris, Darryl Bassett, Bernhard T Baune, Michael Berk, Philip Boyce, Bill Lyndon, Gordon Parker, Gin S Malhi
Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are considered the 'gold standard' by which novel psychotropic medications and psychological interventions are evaluated and consequently adopted into widespread clinical practice. However, there are some limitations to using RCTs as the basis for developing treatment guidelines. While RCTs allow researchers to determine whether a given medication or intervention is effective in a specific patient sample, for practicing clinicians it is more important to know whether it will work for their particular patient in their particular setting...
July 14, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701336/internet-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-young-people-with-suicide-related-behaviour-reframe-it-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Sarah E Hetrick, Hok P Yuen, Eleanor Bailey, Georgina R Cox, Kate Templer, Simon M Rice, Sarah Bendall, Jo Robinson
BACKGROUND: Suicide-related behaviours are common in young people and associated with a range of negative outcomes. There are few evidence-based interventions; however, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) shows promise. Internet delivery of CBT is popular, with potential to increase reach and accessibility. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of an internet-based CBT program (Reframe-IT) in reducing suicide-related behaviours, depression, anxiety, hopelessness and improving problem solving and cognitive and behavioural skills in school students with suicide-related behaviours...
July 12, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701335/no-significant-difference-in-long-term-remission-between-psychological-therapies-and-antidepressants-in-panic-disorder
#11
LETTER
Hissei Imai, Toshi A Furukawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689181/subthreshold-hypomania-affects-half-of-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-presenting-with-depressive-symptoms
#12
EDITORIAL
Roger S McIntyre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689180/structured-group-psychoeducation-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-delays-time-to-mania-and-time-to-any-episode-compared-with-a-peer-support-group
#13
EDITORIAL
Stuart Watson, Alyson Dodd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687656/analysis-of-multisource-data-establishes-wide-ranging-antecedents-of-youth-suicide-in-england
#14
EDITORIAL
Lisa Horowitz, Jeffrey A Bridge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666986/social-anxiety-apps-a-systematic-review-and-assessment-of-app-descriptors-across-mobile-store-platforms
#15
REVIEW
Mohsen Alyami, Bachan Giri, Hussain Alyami, Frederick Sundram
QUESTION: The aim of this systematic review is twofold: (1) to characterise the purpose and description of available social anxiety apps and (2) to review the evidence on the effectiveness of social anxiety apps. STUDY SELECTION AND ANALYSIS: A search was conducted on three major mobile platforms: Apple iTunes, Google Play and Windows Store. Apps were included if they addressed social anxiety and used an English language interface. A systematic review of the literature from MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane, Scopus and Web of Science to identify evidence-based evaluations of social anxiety apps was also undertaken...
June 30, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663170/spoken-language-shows-some-improvement-following-intervention-for-children-with-autism-but-for-which-children-and-why
#16
EDITORIAL
Kristelle Hudry, Stefanie Dimov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663169/childhood-comorbidity-and-parental-mental-health-problems-appear-to-be-associated-with-adhd-persistence
#17
EDITORIAL
Jessica Agnew-Blais
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710066/hcr-20-shows-poor-field-validity-in-clinical-forensic-psychiatry-settings
#18
John Tully
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673930/short-term-efficacy-of-psychological-and-psychopharmacological-interventions-for-panic-disorder-appears-not-to-be-different
#19
EDITORIAL
Asle Hoffart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663171/increased-serotonin-1a-receptor-availability-in-the-raphe-nuclei-predicts-future-suicidal-behaviour
#20
EDITORIAL
Andreas Frick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
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