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Evidence-based Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776973/challenges-in-end-of-life-dementia-care
#1
REVIEW
Anne A Fetherston, Grace Rowley, Charlotte L Allan
Dementia is a chronic, progressive disease that is now much more widely recognised and treated. Patients with dementia may require palliative care when they reach the end stage of their illness, or they may have mild-moderate cognitive symptoms comorbid with a life-limiting illness. The variety of presentations necessitates a highly individual approach to care planning, and patients should be encouraged to set their own goals and contribute to advanced care planning where possible. Assessment and management of distressing symptoms at the end of life can be greatly helped by a detailed knowledge of the individuals' prior wishes, interdisciplinary communication and recognition of changes in presentation that may result from new symptoms, for example, onset of pain, nutritional deficits and infection...
May 18, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678927/digital-technologies-for-the-assessment-of-cognition-a-clinical-review
#2
REVIEW
Amy Chinner, Jasmine Blane, Claire Lancaster, Chris Hinds, Ivan Koychev
Dementia is the most widespread form of neurodegenerative disorder and is associated with an immense societal and personal cost. Prevalence of this disorder is projected to triple worldwide by 2050 leading to an urgent need to make advances in the efficiency of both its care and therapy research. Digital technologies are a rapidly advancing field that provide a previously unavailable opportunity to alleviate challenges faced by clinicians and researchers working in this area. This clinical review aimed to summarise currently available evidence on digital technologies that can be used to monitor cognition...
April 20, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650528/practical-guide-to-the-meta-analysis-of-rare-events
#3
Orestis Efthimiou
OBJECTIVE: Meta-analysing studies with low event rates is challenging as some of the standard methods for meta-analysis are not well suited to handle rare outcomes. This is more evident when some studies have zero events in one or both treatment groups. In this article, we discuss why rare events require special attention in meta-analysis, we present an overview of some approaches suitable for meta-analysing rare events and we provide practical recommendations for their use. METHODS: We go through several models suggested in the literature for performing a rare events meta-analysis, highlighting their respective advantages and limitations...
April 12, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650527/brief-guided-parent-delivered-cbt-is-both-efficacious-and-cost-effective-for-childhood-anxiety-disorders
#4
Suneeta Monga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636354/prevalence-and-treatment-of-panic-disorder-in-bipolar-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Antonio Preti, Jelena Vrublevska, Areti Angeliki Veroniki, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Odysseas Kyriazis, Konstantinos N Fountoulakis
QUESTION: Recent data suggest that anxiety disorders are as often comorbid with bipolar disorder (BD) as with unipolar depression. The literature on panic disorder (PD) comorbid with BD has been systematically reviewed and subject to meta-analysis. STUDY SELECTION AND ANALYSIS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were thoroughly followed for literature search, selection and reporting of available evidence. The variance-stabilising Freeman-Tukey double arcsine transformation was used in the meta-analysis of prevalence estimates...
April 10, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592861/pharmacological-treatment-reduces-the-risk-of-motor-vehicle-crashes-among-men-and-women-with-adhd
#6
Aida Bikic, Søren Dalsgaard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703717/fifty-years-of-preventing-and-treating-childhood-behaviour-disorders-a-systematic-review-to-inform-policy-and-practice
#7
REVIEW
Charlotte Waddell, Christine Schwartz, Caitlyn Andres, Jenny Lou Barican, Donna Yung
QUESTION: Oppositional defiant and conduct disorders (ODD and CD) start early and persist, incurring high individual and collective costs. To inform policy and practice, we therefore asked: What is the best available research evidence on preventing and treating these disorders? STUDY SELECTION AND ANALYSIS: We sought randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating interventions addressing the prevention or treatment of behaviour problems in individuals aged 18 years or younger...
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602778/clinical-imaging-in-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#8
REVIEW
Ajenthan Surendranathan, John Tiernan O'Brien
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a common neurodegenerative dementia in older people; however, the clinical features, particularly cognitive fluctuations and rapid eye movement sleep disorder, are often hard to elicit, leading to difficulty in making the diagnosis clinically. Here we examine the literature for the evidence behind imaging modalities that could assist in making the diagnosis. Dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging remains the best modality for differentiation from dementia of Alzheimer's type with high sensitivity and specificity reported based on pathological diagnoses...
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463572/frax-tool-underestimates-the-risk-of-osteoporotic-fractures-in-mental-disorders
#9
Rajender R Aparasu, Sanika Rege
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459364/choosing-the-optimum-strategy-for-rtms
#10
Toshi A Furukawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330217/a-systematic-review-of-network-meta-analyses-for-pharmacological-treatment-of-common-mental-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Taryn Williams, Dan J Stein, Jonathan Ipser
QUESTION: Network meta-analyses (NMAs) of treatment efficacy across different pharmacological treatments help inform clinical decision-making, but their methodological quality may vary a lot depending also on the quality of the included primary studies. We therefore conducted a systematic review of NMAs of pharmacological treatment for common mental disorders in order to assess the methodological quality of these NMAs, and to relate study characteristics to the rankings of efficacy and tolerability...
February 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330216/is-placebo-response-in-antidepressant-trials-rising-or-not-a-reanalysis-of-datasets-to-conclude-this-long-lasting-controversy
#12
REVIEW
Toshi A Furukawa, Andrea Cipriani, Stefan Leucht, Lauren Z Atkinson, Yusuke Ogawa, Nozomi Takeshima, Yu Hayasaka, Anna Chaimani, Georgia Salanti
It had long been believed that placebo response rates in antidepressant trials have been increasing and that they were responsible for rising numbers of so-called failed antidepressant trials. Two recent systematic reviews examined this issue and reached completely opposite findings. Furukawa and colleagues in a paper published in 2016 found that the placebo response rates are stable since 1991 and the apparent increase up to 2000 was confounded by changes in trial design features. By contrast, Khan and colleagues more recently concluded that placebo response rates had grown steadily in the past 30 years...
February 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311249/engaging-families-in-the-management-of-adolescent-self-harm
#13
REVIEW
Shilpa Aggarwal, George Patton
Adolescent self-harm is an emerging public health challenge. It is associated with later psychiatric and substance use disorders, unemployment and suicide. Family interventions have been effective in a range of adolescent mental health problems and for that reason were reviewed for their effectiveness in the management of adolescent self-harm. The search identified 10 randomised and 2 non-randomised controlled trial conducted in the high-income countries. For the most part the evidence is of low quality. The interventions were classified as brief single session, intermediate-level and intensive family interventions depending on the intensity and duration of treatment...
February 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305359/the-role-of-rtms-for-patients-with-severe-ptsd-and-depression
#14
Leah D Fryml, Gregory Sahlem, James Fox, Edward B Short
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289944/causal-inference-from-experiment-and-observation
#15
Marcel Zwahlen, Geogia Salanti
Results from well-conducted randomised controlled studies should ideally inform on the comparative merits of treatment choices for a health condition. In the absence of this, one attempts to use evidence from the impact of treatment when administered according to decisions of the physicians and the patients (observational evidence). Naïve comparisons between treatment options using observational evidence will lead to biased results. Under certain conditions, however, it is possible to obtain valid estimates of the comparative merits of different treatments from observational data...
February 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273599/effects-of-drinking-on-late-life-brain-and-cognition
#16
REVIEW
Anya Topiwala, Klaus Peter Ebmeier
Alcohol consumption is common in Western countries and has been increasing in older adults. Latest figures from Great Britain suggest 75% of those over 65 years drink, an increase from 71% 10 years ago. Chronic heavy intake is a well-established cause of brain atrophy and dementia, with a recent long-term prospective study from the USA reporting a doubling of the odds of later severe memory impairment in those with a history of an alcohol use disorder. Drinking of moderate amounts has been reported to be protective for brain health in a number of epidemiological studies, including some claims of possibly reducing dementia risk...
February 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223951/heart-rate-variability-in-bipolar-disorder-and-borderline-personality-disorder-a-clinical-review
#17
REVIEW
Oliver Carr, Maarten de Vos, Kate E A Saunders
Heart rate variability (HRV) in psychiatric disorders has become an increasing area of interest in recent years following technological advances that enable non-invasive monitoring of autonomic nervous system regulation. However, the clinical interpretation of HRV features remain widely debated or unknown. Standardisation within studies of HRV in psychiatric disorders is poor, making it difficult to reproduce or build on previous work. Recently, a Guidelines for Reporting Articles on Psychiatry and Heart rate variability checklist has been proposed to address this issue...
February 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212788/l-methylfolate-cannot-yet-be-recommended-as-an-add-on-treatment-in-schizophrenia
#18
Błażej Misiak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025861/multiple-indicators-of-ill-health-are-evident-in-people-with-psychosis
#19
Debra L Foley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971962/web-based-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-insomnia-shows-long-term-efficacy-in-improving-chronic-insomnia
#20
Hailey Meaklim, David Cunnington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
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