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Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift

Wolfgang Popp, Florian Knoll, Hannelore Sprenger-Mähr, Emanuel Zitt, Karl Lhotta
BACKGROUND: Peripheral artery disease and critical limb ischemia are common in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis treatment and are associated with a high rate of amputation and mortality. The effect of treatment with prostanoids in this specific group of patients is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective single-center analysis of hemodialysis patients with critical limb ischemia was performed who were treated with the prostanoid analogue alprostadil as an infusion during hemodialysis in the period from 2000 to 2013...
November 12, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Caroline Reichmayr, Elisabeth Sterrer, Arian Bachtiar, Matthias Layr, Benjamin Loader
Tenotomy of the tendon of the stapedius and tensor tympani muscles is a relatively unknown therapeutic procedure in Menière's disease. Widespread approaches include medicinal treatment with betahistine or diuretics as well as interventional procedures, such as intratympanic gentamicin or glucocorticoid injection, vestibular neurectomy, labyrinthectomy or endolymphatic sac surgery. The exact pathomechanism of this approach is not fully known. It is assumed that by cutting the tendons of both middle ear muscles in cases of endolymphatic hydrops the stapes is not additionally actively pushed against the oval window but can deviate laterally and thereby does not augment the inner ear pressure even further...
November 12, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Hui Gan, Yun Liu, Li Liu, Ying He, Song Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Sandra Haider, Igor Grabovac, Thomas E Dorner
BACKGROUND: We report on the correlation between the proportion of people who fulfil the recommended amount of aerobic physical activity in the general population and the prevalence of frailty or prefrailty in the population ≥65 years in 11 European countries (Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden). In a subgroup analysis, it was assessed if people who do aerobic physical activity also do strength training. METHODS: Aggregated physical activity data were taken from the European Health Interview Survey with the minimum effective sample size of 90,036 participants...
November 12, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Elena Amăricăi, Oana Suciu, Roxana Ramona Onofrei, Roxana Steliana Miclăuș, Liliana Cațan, Simona Cerbu, Călin Marius Popoiu
OBJECTIVE: To assess respiratory function and functional capacity in children with pectus excavatum who followed a physical therapy program, to compare these parameters to healthy controls and to evaluate adherence of this category of patients (pectus excavatum without surgical indications) to a supervised exercise program. METHODS: This study included 14 children with pectus excavatum and 14 gender and age-matched healthy controls. The study patients performed a 12-week exercise program...
November 12, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Izabela Spielvogel, Krzysztof Spałek, Jarosław Proćków
BACKGROUND: The involvement of Jewish doctors and scientists in the development of health resorts in eastern Galicia (part of the Austrian monarchy after 1772, and since 1918 as part of independent Poland, now part of Ukraine) is unquestionable; however, awareness of this fact is not that common. Meanwhile, also due to their work and activity, small borderland resorts became important medical, cultural and social centers of the region. The involvement of Jewish doctors in the development of Galician health resorts resulted from, among others, the rich and multi-layered tradition and integration of Judaism with the hygiene regulations and moral principles of the religion...
November 7, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Johannes Menger, Maximilian Edlinger-Stanger, Martin Dworschak, Barbara Steinlechner
BACKGROUND: No data are currently available regarding the current clinical practice in postoperative care of cardiac surgical patients in Austria. OBJECTIVE: The study investigated the current intensive care management concerning hemodynamic monitoring and strategies to treat common perioperative disorders of patients after cardiac surgery in Austria. METHODS: A survey consisting of 31 questions was sent to intensivists at all 9 hospitals offering cardiac surgery in Austria...
October 29, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Milan Ivanišević, Petar Ivanišević, Mladen Lešin
BACKGROUND: There are few diseases in ophthalmology which could have a fatal outcome, one of them is orbital cellulitis. The aim of this article is to give epidemiological analysis of orbital cellulitis in adult patients in the Split region, Croatia. METHODS: The study was based on a retrospective review of medical records of 53 adult patients with orbital cellulitis treated during the period of 26 years from 1991 to 2016 at the Department of Ophthalmology in the University Hospital of Split...
October 29, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Matthias Unseld, Benjamin Vyssoki, Ines Bauda, Marlene Felsner, Feroniki Adamidis, Herbert Watzke, Eva Masel, Nestor D Kapusta
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric symptoms are common in terminally ill patients. Studies linking temperamental traits and psychiatric disorders in patients suffering from advanced disease are rare. This study investigated the influence of temperament on depression and anxiety in palliative care cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 53 patients at the palliative care unit (PCU) of the Medical University of Vienna were enrolled in the study. Patients filled out the TEMPS-M and the brief PHQ-9 questionnaires to examine associations between temperament, psychiatric symptoms and sociodemographic parameters...
October 22, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Badereddin Mohamad Al-Ali, Klaus Eredics, Stephan Madersbacher, Ingrid Schauer
OBJECTIVE: To analyze drug adherence, overall survival (OS) and hospitalization rates of patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) treated with arbiraterone acetate (AA), enzalutamide (ENZ) and their sequence in a real-life setting. METHODS: The database of the largest public insurance company in Austria was analyzed. All CRPC patients with at least one prescription of AA and/or ENZ between September 2013 and August 2016 in the pre-chemotherapy and post-chemotherapy setting were extracted and matched to the Austrian death and hospital admission statistics...
October 15, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Anselm K Gitt, Johannes Rieber, Rainer Hambrecht, Johannes Brachmann, Kristof Graf, Martin Horack, Barbara Karmann, Ami Vyas, Dominik Lautsch, Baishali Ambegaonkar, Philippe Brudi
OBJECTIVE: To document utilization of lipid-lowering therapy, attainment of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol target values, and cardiovascular outcomes in patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome in Germany. METHODS: The Dyslipidemia International Study II was a multicenter, observational study of the prevalence of dyslipidemia and lipid target value attainment in patients surviving any acute coronary syndrome event. Among patients on lipid-lowering therapy for ≥3 months, use of lipid-lowering therapy and lipid profiles were assessed at admission and again at 120 ± 15 days after admission (the follow-up time point)...
September 3, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Maja Prutki, Ana Marija Alduk, Ranko Smiljanic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Katharina Kerschan-Schindl, Gerold Ebenbichler, Ursula Föeger-Samwald, Harald Leiss, Christina Gesslbauer, Malvina Herceg, Georg Stummvoll, Rodrig Marculescu, Richard Crevenna, Peter Pietschmann
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with disturbances in muscle and bone metabolism. AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether endocrine regulators of myogenesis and bone metabolism in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in remission differed from unaffected healthy controls. An additional point was whether these were associated with patients' health-related functioning or particular bodily functions of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)...
August 31, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Dietmar Tamandl, Ahmed Ba-Ssalamah, Gernot Böhm, Klaus Emmanuel, Rosemarie Forstner, Reinhold Függer, Benjamin Henninger, Oliver Koch, Claus Kölblinger, Hans-Jörg Mischinger, Wolfgang Schima, Helmut Schöllnast, Stefan Stättner, Klaus Kaczirek
Rapid advances in imaging technology have improved the detection, characterization and staging of colorectal liver metastases, hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. A variety of imaging modalities are available and play a pivotal role in the work-up of patients, particularly as imaging findings determine resectability. Surgery often represents the only measure that can render long-term survival possible. Imaging is also indispensable for the assessment of responses to neoadjuvant treatment and for the detection of recurrence...
August 30, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Thomas Gremmel, Alexander Niessner, Hans Domanovits, Martin Frossard, Gürkan Sengölge, Barbara Steinlechner, Thomas Sycha, Michael Wolzt, Ingrid Pabinger
The non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have considerably changed clinical practice and are increasingly being used as an alternative to vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) for 3 main reasons: 1) an improved benefit-risk ratio (in particular lower rates of intracranial bleeding), 2) a more predictable effect without the need for routine monitoring, and 3) fewer food and drug interactions compared with VKAs. Currently, there are four NOACs available: the factor Xa inhibitors apixaban, edoxaban, and rivaroxaban, and the thrombin inhibitor dabigatran...
August 20, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Wolfgang Schütz, Linda Erker, Oliver Rathkolb, Harald Sitte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
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