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Technology and Culture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910207/rethinking-art-as-interrelation
#1
Robert Bailey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910206/displaying-growth-and-development-exhibit-hall-3-national-museum-of-korean-contemporary-history
#2
Hyungsub Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910205/awards
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910204/the-philadelphia-meeting-26-29-october-2017
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910203/turn-turn-turn-the-construction-of-the-architectural-spiral-fluted-column-in-the-ancient-mediterranean-world
#5
Georgina J Henderson
Neither ancient nor modern sources have clarified the history and manufacturing techniques of the architectural, stone-carved, spiral fluted column in the ancient Mediterranean world. A literature review and extensive fieldwork provide the basis for this analysis of the origins and use of this design from second-millennium BCE Mesopotamia to the fourth-century CE Roman Empire. This study shows that the design and construction methods of the spiral fluted column are connected with those of the Archimedean water screw...
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910202/tolerating-the-intolerable-flash-smelting-of-copper-and-the-construction-of-technological-constraints
#6
Janne M Korhonen
Material and energy constraints have had a major influence in the history of technology. However, prior research has surprisingly little to say about what these constraints actually are, how they emerge, and which are the mechanisms through which they influence technological change. This article studies a case where energy constraints were supposedly the source of a radical innovation in copper smelting in post-Second World War Finland. It finds that the constraints were significantly more ambiguous and socially constructed than the technologists themselves acknowledged, and highlights the context dependence of constraints and how technologists may perceive them...
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910201/smelling-machine-history-olfactory-experiences-of-information-technology
#7
Jaakko Suominen, Antti Silvast, Tuomas Harviainen
This article analyses users' olfactory recollections of computers, based on large-scale, online inquiry material collected between 2002 and 2003 and in 2013. It discusses how olfactory experiences and recollections can be classified based on narration and the causes of odors. Furthermore, it explores the changes of olfactory recollections over the course of ten years, and deals with age and gender in these recollections and in their representations. This project develops new paths and possibilities for studying the cultural history of technology and the collection of research material, as well as the exhibition of the history of computing by examining the historical, cultural, political, and economic dimensions of sensations and senses...
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910200/blue-skies-into-white-space-southern-african-responses-to-the-trans-african-flight-of-the-i-silver-queen-i-1920
#8
Tilman Dedering
The first trans-African flight from London to Cape Town in 1920 was feted by white observers as a major achievement in consolidating the links between South Africa and the British Empire. Probing the comments made by black and white contemporary observers on the meaning of the flight, this article explores the cultural and political connotations of aviation in a colonial and imperial setting. It emphasizes that the celebration of the superiority of Western technology as a tool in the consolidation of white minority rule was marked by white anxieties about African disobedience...
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910199/the-finfet-breakthrough-and-networks-of-innovation-in-the-semiconductor-industry-1980-2005-applying-digital-tools-to-the-history-of-technology
#9
Douglas O'Reagan, Lee Fleming
The "FinFET" design for transistors, developed at the University of California, Berkeley, in the 1990s, represented a major leap forward in the semiconductor industry. Understanding its origins and importance requires deep knowledge of local factors, such as the relationships among the lab's principal investigators, students, staff, and the institution. It also requires understanding this lab within the broader network of relationships that comprise the semiconductor industry-a much more difficult task using traditional historical methods, due to the paucity of sources on industrial research...
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910198/beyond-the-reach-of-regulation-basic-and-applied-research-in-the-early-cold-war-united-states
#10
Mario Daniels, John Krige
This article describes the place of the basic/applied science distinction in negotiations over the limits of secrecy between the U.S. "scientific" community and the American government. It combines an analysis of Vannevar Bush's key report to the President in 1945 with Congressional hearings in the late 1950s that were concerned about the increasingly vast scope of government controls over the circulation of knowledge. The concept of "basic research" was used as a political weapon to push back against the extended, uncoordinated, and frustrating constraints on the circulation of new research findings by the expanding apparatus of the National Security State...
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910197/satellites-for-what-creating-user-communities-for-space-based-data-in-france-the-case-from-lerts-to-cesbio
#11
Gemma Cirac-Claveras
This article uses a French case to explore the who, how, and why of satellite remote-sensing development and its transition towards routine utilization in the domain of ecosystems ecology. It discusses the evolution of a community of technology developers promoting remote-sensing capabilities (mostly sponsored by the French space agency). They attempted to legitimate quality scientific practices, establish the authority of satellite remote-sensing data within academic institutions, and build a community of technology users...
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731469/the-world-s-best-carpets-erastus-bigelow-and-the-financing-of-antebellum-innovation
#12
Lindsay Schakenbach Regele
The business records of textile entrepreneur and inventor Erastus Bigelow offer extraordinary detail about how financing innovation worked on the ground in the antebellum United States. For the first decades of the nineteenth century, increasing numbers of Americans sought patent protection, even as patents often brought little monetary benefit or status to their holders. Historians have tended to look to the court system to account for why this was the case, even though only a small percentage of patent holders ever litigated...
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731468/-a-new-business-in-the-world-the-telegraph-privacy-and-the-u-s-constitution-in-the-nineteenth-century
#13
Thomas Jepsen
Disclosures about electronic surveillance by the U.S. National Security Agency have revived interest in issues of communications privacy and Fourth Amendment rights. In the early days of the telegraph, there was no legal protection afforded to the privacy of telegraphic communication, and seizures of telegraphic dispatches figured in major events of the nineteenth century in the United States. Attempts to protect the content of telegrams by defining a customer/operator "privilege" under common law were rejected by the courts, as were attempts to protect the confidentiality of telegraphic communications through an analogy with the postal service...
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731467/the-cornell-kitchen-housing-and-design-research-in-postwar-america
#14
Barbara Penner
The Cornell Kitchen (1950-55) was produced at Cornell University by a multidisciplinary team with expertise in home economics, engineering, architecture, and psychology. It promised to deliver rational design, functional principles, aesthetic appeal, and emotional satisfaction in one prefabricated, easy-to-install package. This article sets out the kitchen's history from its design to its field-testing phase to its impact on postwar kitchens. It argues that the kitchen represents an important effort to approach housing in a more scientific way; scientific methods were deployed to understand both the physical and socio-psychological problems of dwelling...
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731466/-wandering-in-the-desert-the-clinch-river-breeder-reactor-debate-in-the-u-s-congress-1972-1983
#15
Michael Camp
The experimental Clinch River breeder reactor, approved by the U.S. Congress in 1970 for construction in East Tennessee, would have used plutonium instead of uranium. The project drew the ire of environmentalists who insisted that plutonium was too dangerous for commercial use, along with opponents of nuclear proliferation. Tennessee's representatives in Congress, however, desired the jobs that the project would create, and formed legislative coalitions to ensure continued appropriations for the project. Funding lasted until 1983, when fiscal conservatives, concerned about ballooning cost projections, joined with environmentalists to defund the breeder...
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731465/after-innovation-turn-to-maintenance
#16
Andrew L Russell, Lee Vinsel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249726/volume-58-2017
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249725/to-the-editor
#18
Daryl M Hafter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249724/glassmaking-goes-public-the-cultural-background-to-antonio-neri-s-i-l-arte-vetraria-i-1612
#19
Marco Beretta
Glassmaking has prospered as an art since the late Middle Ages. It is therefore surprising that the first systematic treatise exclusively devoted to it appeared as late as 1612. In this article I explore the experimental background of Antonio Neri's L'Arte Vetraria, and its intimate connection with an ancient alchemical tradition and with more contemporary efforts to introduce technical innovations. Furthermore, the active role played by Antonio Neri, a clergyman and alchemist in the service of Antonio de' Medici, sheds new light on the patronage of the Medici court...
2017: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249723/medical-machines-as-symbols-of-science-promoting-electrotherapy-in-victorian-canada
#20
Vivien Hamilton
This article tackles a common assumption in the historiography of medical technology, that new medical instruments in the nineteenth century were universally seen as symbols of the scientific nature of medical practice. The article examines the strategies used by Jenny Trout, the first woman in Canada licensed to practice medicine, and J. Adams, a homeopathic physician, to advertise electrotherapy to the residents of Toronto in the 1870s and 1880s. While electrotherapy involved complex electrical technology, the doctors in this study did not draw attention to their instruments as proof of the legitimacy of their practice...
2017: Technology and Culture
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