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Technology and Culture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237072/designs-and-dreams-questions-of-technology-in-hayao-miyazaki-s-the-wind-rises
#1
Deborah Breen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237071/confronting-the-second-deep-transition-through-the-historical-imagination
#2
Johan Schot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237070/contested-waterlines-the-wave-line-theory-and-shipbuilding-in-the-nineteenth-century
#3
Larrie D Ferreiro, Alexander Pollara
Ship hydrodynamics in the nineteenth century was dominated by John Scott Russell's wave-line theory. Russell, a prominent British shipbuilder and scientist, argued that wavemaking was the primary source of resistance for ships, and that by designing ships according to trigonometric curves and proportions (the wave line) this resistance could effectively be eliminated. From the 1840s to the 1880s, shipbuilders such as John Willis Griffiths, Donald McKay and George Steers designed their clipper ships (like Sea Witch and Flying Cloud) and yachts (America) with wave-line hulls, while authors like Jules Verne referenced Russell's theory...
April 2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237069/an-architecture-for-the-electronic-church-oral-roberts-university-in-tulsa-oklahoma
#4
Margaret M Grubiak
More than a university, Oral Roberts University in Tulsa, Oklahoma, was also the headquarters for evangelist Oral Roberts's electronic church. The electronic church in America, dominated by Christian evangelicals, used technology to spread the Gospel over radio airways and television signals to a dispersed audience. Yet evangelicals like Roberts also constructed ambitious campuses in real space and time. The architecture of Oral Roberts University visualized a modern and "populuxe" image for the electronic church in the 1960s and 1970s...
April 2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237068/zoomar-frank-g-back-and-the-postwar-television-zoom-lens
#5
Nick Hall
In October 1946, optical engineer Frank G. Back introduced a new zoom lens designed for film and television cameras. The Zoomar lens was adopted by newsreel and television, and soon became ubiquitous in American television production. Zoomar lenses enhanced postwar television, and prepared the ground for the later popularity of zooms in film production. This article explores the wartime innovations and industrial collaborations which aided the development of the lens. It documents a neglected aspect of the history of American television technology, and sheds further light on relations between small inventors and large corporate bodies during the mid-twentieth century...
April 2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237067/richard-byrd-technological-explorer-polar-exploration-the-machine-and-heroic-masculinity-in-interwar-america
#6
Marionne Cronin
In May 1926, U.S. newspapers were full of the story that Richard Byrd, an American aviator, had become the first person to reach the North Pole by air. The announcement triggered patriotic outpourings across the country and Byrd was widely hailed as a national hero. The young aviator's flight was part of a burgeoning interwar expeditionary practice that placed machines at the heart of new modes of exploration. This development, however, challenged preexisting notions of masculine heroism and threatened to undercut the explorer's heroic status...
April 2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237066/malleability-and-machines-glenn-gould-and-the-technological-self
#7
Edward Jones-Imhotep
The Pianist Glenn Gould has often been portrayed as a musical idealist who embraced mundane recording media as a way of escaping the anxiety of the concert hall. In pursuing his musical ideals, however, Gould obsessed over material objects-the qualities of a chair, the action of piano keys, the placement of splices in magnetic tape. This paper argues that for him, the detailed properties of machines and electronic media were crucial, not just as tools for pursuing disembodied aesthetic aims, but as instruments and material sites for a moral project...
April 2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763369/response-to-mark
#8
Mark Aldrich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763368/to-the-editor
#9
Christopher Mark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763367/epic-audiovisual-history-of-technology-course-by-a-historian-of-innovation-w-bernard-carlson-understanding-the-inventions-that-changed-the-world
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763366/domestic-appliances-and-industrial-design-the-italian-white-goods-industry-during-the-1950s-and-1960s
#11
Ivan Paris
The white-goods sector was one of the industries that led economic development in Italy following World War II and featured companies that achieved notable results in foreign markets. According to the literature on the subject, price competitiveness generated mainly by the lower cost of labor was the key to this success. This article explores the as-yet unstudied role played by industrial design, and not only for its ability to significantly facilitate the reduction of production costs. It shows how industrial design played a wider and more decisive role in reinventing Italian white goods by differentiating the products of Italian producers from those of their main foreign competitors...
2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763365/seeing-the-forest-and-the-trees-western-forestry-systems-and-soviet-engineers-1955-1964
#12
Elena Kochetkova
This article examines the transfer of technology from Finnish enterprises to Soviet industry during the USSR's period of technological modernization between 1955 and 1964. It centers on the forestry sector, which was a particular focus of modernization programs and a key area for the transfer of foreign techniques and expertise. The aim of the article is to investigate the role of trips made by Soviet specialists to foreign (primarily Finnish) enterprises in order to illustrate the nontechnological influences that occurred during the transfer of technologies across the cold war border...
2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763364/standard-cocoa-transnational-networks-and-technoscientific-regimes-in-west-african-plantations
#13
Marta Macedo
In the early 1900s, an obscure Portuguese colony in the equatorial Atlantic rose as the world's leading cocoa producer. Cocoa from the island of São Tomé was grown on large plantations with indentured labor and high technological inputs. This technoscientific system, to control both plants and people, became the model for making an industry-suited cocoa, and the material evidence of the moral and economic virtues of the colonial plantation. Experts played a crucial role in building and putting into circulation such a system...
2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763363/technological-innovation-on-the-origins-and-development-of-an-inclusive-concept
#14
Benoît Godin
Over the last several decades, many students of technology have tried to make sense of the concept of technology and its origins. However, nothing similar exists in the literature on "technological innovation," a phrase that emerged after World War II. This paper suggests that technological innovation is a counter-concept to science-and more particularly to basic research-as a dominant cultural value of the twentieth century. Technological innovation emerged as a phrase or concept because in discourse, action, and policy, it was useful to include in understandings of economic growth a larger number of people than just scientists and more activities than just science or basic research...
2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763362/from-cabling-the-atlantic-to-wiring-the-world-a-review-essay-on-the-150th-anniversary-of-the-atlantic-telegraph-cable-of-1866
#15
Simone M Müller
The year 2016 witnesses the 150th anniversary of laying the first successful transatlantic telegraph cables. This review essay offers a critical rereading of existing scholarship while simultaneously suggesting new perspectives for research. Telegraphy = globalization, the history of wiring the world commencing with the Atlantic cable of 1866 seems to suggest. At the same time, this essay argues, this equation should make scholars uneasy and cautious of a possible technological determinism retracing its steps back into the middle of scholarly debates on globalization...
2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763361/designs-and-dreams-questions-of-technology-in-hayao-miyazaki-s-i-the-wind-rises-i
#16
Deborah Breen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971735/digital-histories-of-disasters-history-of-technology-through-social-media
#17
Lisa Onaga, Hanna Rose Shell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971734/forty-second-symposium-of-the-international-committee-for-the-history-of-technology-and-fourth-meeting-of-the-history-of-electrical-technology-history-of-high-technologies-and-their-socio-cultural-contexts-tel-aviv-israel-16-20-august-2015
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971733/the-albuquerque-meeting-8-11-october-2015
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971732/awards
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Technology and Culture
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