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Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833214/telecommuting-and-earnings-trajectories-among-american-women-and-men-1989-2008
#1
Jennifer L Glass, Mary C Noonan
While flexibility in the location of work hours has shown positive organizational effects on productivity and retention, less is known about the earnings effects of telecommuting. We analyze weekly hours spent working from home using the 1989-2008 panels of the National Longitudinal Study of Youth. We describe the demographic and occupational characteristics of the employees engaged in telecommuting, then track their earnings growth with fixed-effects models, focusing on gender and parental status. Results show substantial variation in the earnings effects of telecommuting based on the point in the hours distribution worked from home...
September 2016: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795587/parent-child-relationships-at-the-transition-to-adulthood-a-comparison-of-black-hispanic-and-white-immigrant-and-native-born-youth
#2
Jessica Halliday Hardie, Judith A Seltzer
Parents play a key role in launching their children into adulthood. Differences in the resources they provide their children have implications for perpetuating patterns of family inequality. Using data on 6,962 young adults included in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, we examine differences in the support parents provide to young adult children by immigrant status and race/ethnicity and whether and how those differences are explained by parent resources and young adult resources and roles. Immigrant status and race/ethnicity are associated with patterns of support in complex ways...
September 2016: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26617420/contested-domains-verbal-amplifiers-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-young-adulthood
#3
Peggy C Giordano, Jennifer E Copp, Monica A Longmore, Wendy D Manning
We draw on structured and qualitative data to examine relationship dynamics associated with intimate partner violence (IPV) that occurs during the young adult period. Relying on a symbolic interactionist perspective, we identify specific contested domains associated with what has been called 'situational couple violence,' and explore the degree to which certain forms of communication about contested areas ('verbal amplifiers') exacerbate the risk of violence. Consistent with this relational focus, measures index respondent as well as partner concerns and use of these negative forms of communication...
December 2015: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26306053/how-has-educational-expansion-shaped-social-mobility-trends-in-the-united-states
#4
Fabian T Pfeffer, Florian R Hertel
This contribution provides a long-term assessment of intergenerational social mobility trends in the United States across the 20th and early 21st century and assesses the determinants of those trends. In particular, we study how educational expansion has contributed to the observed changes in mobility opportunities for men across cohorts. Drawing on recently developed decomposition methods, we empirically identify the contribution of each of the multiple channels through which changing rates of educational participation shape mobility trends...
September 2015: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773947/work-family-context-and-the-longevity-disadvantage-of-us-women
#5
Jennifer Karas Montez, Pekka Martikainen, Hanna Remes, Mauricio Avendano
Female life expectancy is currently shorter in the United States than in most high-income countries. This study examines work-family context as a potential explanation. While work-family context changed similarly across high-income countries during the past half century, the United States has not implemented institutional supports, such as universally available childcare and family leave, to help Americans contend with these changes. We compare the United States to Finland-a country with similar trends in work-family life but generous institutional supports-and test two hypotheses to explain US women's longevity disadvantage: (1) US women may be less likely than Finnish women to combine employment with childrearing; and (2) US women's longevity may benefit less than Finnish women's longevity from combining employment with childrearing...
June 2015: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26213421/when-do-states-respond-to-low-fertility-contexts-of-state-concern-in-wealthier-countries-1976-2011
#6
Emily A Marshall
Since the 1970s, expressions of state concern over low fertility have greatly increased among wealthier countries. This study asks to what extent this increase is explained by demographic factors, national-level economic and political factors, and processes of international diffusion and changing international norms. Analyses integrate the world polity literature on global policy diffusion with a social problems approach to examine international diffusion of state concern among more powerful members of the world polity, a process that can produce changes in international policy consensus...
June 2015: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26388653/income-inequality-and-intergenerational-income-mobility-in-the-united-states
#7
Deirdre Bloome
Is there a relationship between family income inequality and income mobility across generations in the United States? As family income inequality rose in the United States, parental resources available for improving children's health, education, and care diverged. The amount and rate of divergence also varied across US states. Researchers and policy analysts have expressed concern that relatively high inequality might be accompanied by relatively low mobility, tightening the connection between individuals' incomes during childhood and adulthood...
March 2015: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26190867/the-occupational-cost-of-being-illegal-in-the-united-states-legal-status-job-hazards-and-compensating-differentials
#8
Matthew Hall, Emily Greenman
Considerable research and pervasive cultural narratives suggest that undocumented immigrant workers are concentrated in the most dangerous, hazardous, and otherwise unappealing jobs in U.S. labor markets. Yet, owing largely to data limitations, little empirical work has addressed this topic. Using data from the 2004 and 2008 panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation, we impute legal status for Mexican and Central American immigrants and link their occupations to BLS data on occupational fatalities and occupational hazard data from the Department of Labor to explore racial and legal status differentials on several specific measures of occupational risk...
2015: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25755300/gene-by-social-environment-interaction-for-youth-delinquency-and-violence-thirty-nine-aggression-related-genes
#9
Hexuan Liu, Yi Li, Guang Guo
Complex human traits are likely to be affected by many environmental and genetic factors, and the interactions among them. However, previous gene-environment interaction (G×E) studies have typically focused on one or only a few genetic variants at a time. To provide a broader view of G×E, this study examines the relationship between 403 genetic variants from 39 genes and youth delinquency and violence. We find evidence that low social control is associated with greater genetic risk for delinquency and violence and high/moderate social control with smaller genetic risk for delinquency and violence...
2015: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26074628/norms-as-group-level-constructs-investigating-school-level-teen-pregnancy-norms-and-behaviors
#10
Stefanie Mollborn, Benjamin W Domingue, Jason D Boardman
Social norms are a group-level phenomenon, but past quantitative research has rarely measured them in the aggregate or considered their group-level properties. We used the school-based design of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to measure normative climates regarding teen pregnancy across 75 U.S. high schools. We distinguished between the strength of a school's norm against teen pregnancy and the consensus around that norm. School-level norm strength and dissensus were strongly (r = -0.65) and moderately (r = 0...
September 2014: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25540466/unequal-trajectories-racial-and-class-differences-in-residential-exposure-to-industrial-hazard
#11
Jeremy Pais, Kyle Crowder, Liam Downey
The unequal exposure to industrial hazards via differential residential attainment and/or differential sitings of toxic facilities is a long-standing environmental justice issue. This study examines individual trajectories of residential exposure to the risk of industrial hazard over nearly two decades. Using a latent class growth analysis on longitudinal geocoded data merged with the neighborhood-level pollution measures, we discover large racial differences in trajectories of pollution exposure. A majority of individuals are exposed to above-average pollution levels at some point during the study period, but blacks are more likely than whites to experience persistent exposure to high pollution...
March 1, 2014: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26146415/the-growth-of-protestantism-in-brazil-and-its-impact-on-male-earnings-1970-2000
#12
Joseph E Potter, Ernesto F L Amaral, Robert D Woodberry
Protestantism has expanded rapidly in Brazil in recent decades. The question we tackle in this paper is whether Protestantism has had a positive influence on male earnings in this setting, either through its influence on health and productivity, by way of social networks or employer favor and reduced discrimination, or through other mechanisms. We tackle the problem of the selectivity of religious conversion and affiliation using microdata from the Brazilian censuses of 1970, 1980, 1991, and 2000, and analyzing the association between Protestantism and earnings at the group rather than the individual level...
2014: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24812438/friends-as-a-bridge-to-parental-influence-implications-for-adolescent-alcohol-use
#13
Daniel T Ragan, D Wayne Osgood, Mark E Feinberg
The current study investigates the possibility that friendship networks connect adolescents to influence from a broader group of adults beyond their own families. In doing so, we combine two rich traditions of research on adult influence on children and adolescents. Family research has suggested a number of ways in which effective parenting can reduce deviant behavior among adolescents. In addition, research on neighborhoods has advanced the idea that adults outside of the immediate family can exert social control that may reduce deviance...
2014: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24748689/breaking-up-is-hard-to-do-unless-everyone-else-is-doing-it-too-social-network-effects-on-divorce-in-a-longitudinal-sample
#14
Rose McDermott, James Fowler, Nicholas Christakis
Divorce represents the dissolution of a social tie, but it is also possible that attitudes about divorce flow across social ties. To explore how social networks influence divorce and vice versa, we exploit a longitudinal data set from the long-running Framingham Heart Study. The results suggest that divorce can spread between friends. Clusters of divorces extend to two degrees of separation in the network. Popular people are less likely to get divorced, divorcees have denser social networks, and they are much more likely to remarry other divorcees...
December 2013: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25983346/it-s-who-you-work-with-effects-of-workplace-shares-of-nonstandard-employees-and-women-in-japan
#15
Wei-Hsin Yu
Previous research on workplace composition has not addressed how the share of nonstandard employees affects individual workers' opportunities and well-being. Moreover, existing studies generally assume that the effect of a group's numerical representation is mediated through the group's relative power and status within establishments. This study asks whether workplace composition matters when the size of each social group has little impact on its relative status. Specifically, I examine the economic and psychological consequences of the proportions of nonstandard employees and women in Japanese workplaces, where both groups are typically secondary workers who lack power regardless of their relative size...
September 2013: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24839313/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-neighborhood-attainments-in-the-transition-to-adulthood
#16
Raymond R Swisher, Danielle C Kuhl, Jorge M Chavez
This paper examines racial and ethnic differences in locational attainments in the transition to adulthood, using longitudinal data about neighborhoods of youth in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. It examines place stratification and life course models of locational attainment during the 1990s, a period during which neighborhood poverty rates were declining for many groups. The analysis reveals durable inequalities in neighborhood poverty from adolescence to young adulthood, particularly for blacks and Hispanic origin subgroups...
June 2013: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24511162/legal-status-and-educational-transitions-for-mexican-and-central-american-immigrant-youth
#17
Emily Greenman, Matthew Hall
This study uses the Survey of Income and Program Participation to infer the legal status of Mexican and Central American immigrant youth and to investigate its relationship with educational attainment. We assess differences by legal status in high school graduation and college enrollment, decompose differences in college enrollment into the probability of high school graduation and the probability of high school graduates' enrollment in college and estimate the contributions of personal and family background characteristics to such differences...
June 2013: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26146414/emigration-from-china-in-comparative-perspective
#18
Yao Lu, Zai Liang, Miao David Chunyu
Comparative research on international migration has increasingly focused on immigrant integration rather than the process of emigration. By investigating the different streams of Chinese migration to the United States and Europe, as well as the different stages of Chinese migration to the U.S., this study examines the way in which both receiving and sending contexts combine to shape the process of emigration. Using data from a 2002-2003 survey of emigration from China's Fujian Province, we demonstrate that under restrictive exit and entry policies and high barriers to migration (i...
2013: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25554713/what-s-so-special-about-stem-a-comparison-of-women-s-retention-in-stem-and-professional-occupations
#19
Jennifer L Glass, Sharon Sassler, Yael Levitte, Katherine M Michelmore
We follow female college graduates in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and compare the trajectories of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM)-related occupations to other professional occupations. Results show that women in STEM occupations are significantly more likely to leave their occupational field than professional women, especially early in their career, while few women in either group leave jobs to exit the labor force. Family factors cannot account for the differential loss of STEM workers compared to other professional workers...
2013: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25506089/job-authority-and-breast-cancer
#20
Tetyana Pudrovska
Using the 1957-2011 data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, I integrate the gender relations theory, a life course perspective, and a biosocial stress perspective to explore the effect of women's job authority in 1975 (at age 36) and 1993 (at age 54) on breast cancer incidence up to 2011. Findings indicate that women with the authority to hire, fire, and influence others' pay had a significantly higher risk of a breast cancer diagnosis over the next 30 years compared to housewives and employed women with no job authority...
2013: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
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