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Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768674/social-science-and-sozialwissenschaft-categorical-and-institutional-boundaries-of-knowledge
#1
Gerhard Sonnert
This article explores how linguistic categories affect boundary work in scholarly knowledge production. Whereas the German language knows the unified concept of Wissenschaft for all branches of scholarship represented at universities, the English language separates science from the arts or humanities and does not commonly engage an overarching concept. This has had consequences for American social science, which are traced both in the discourse shaping its development and in the deployment and distribution of institutional resources...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665057/forum-for-the-history-of-the-human-sciences
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665056/news-and-notes-conferences
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577308/the-final-chapter-of-vygotsky-s-thinking-and-speech-a-reader-s-guide
#4
René van der Veer, Ekaterina Zavershneva
The seventh and last chapter of Vygotsky's Thinking and Speech (1934) is generally considered as his final word in psychology. It is a long chapter with a complex argumentative structure in which Vygotsky gives his view on the relationship between thinking and speech. Vygotsky's biographers have stated that the chapter was dictated in the final months of Vygotsky's life when his health was rapidly deteriorating. Although the chapter is famous, its structure has never been analyzed in any detail. In the present article we reveal its rhetorical structure and show how Vygotsky drew on many hitherto unrevealed sources to convince the reader of his viewpoint...
March 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537069/japanese-american-confinement-and-scientific-democracy-colonialism-social-engineering-and-government-administration
#5
Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt, Leandro Daniel Benmergui
During World War II, the U.S. Indian Service conducted social science experiments regarding governance among Japanese Americans imprisoned at the Poston, Arizona, camp. Researchers used an array of techniques culled from anthropological culture and personality studies, psychiatry, psychology, medicine, and public opinion research to probe how the personality traits of the confined Japanese-Americans and camp leaders affected the social interactions within each group and between them. The research drew on prior studies of Indian personality in the US Southwest, Mexico's Native policies, and indirect colonial rule...
March 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528127/-a-disease-of-our-time-the-catholic-church-s-condemnation-and-absolution-of-psychoanalysis-1924-1975
#6
Renato Foschi, Marco Innamorati, Ruggero Taradel
The present paper is focused on the evolution of the position of the Catholic Church toward psychoanalysis. Even before Freud's The Future of an Illusion (1927), psychoanalysis was criticized by Catholic theologians. Psychoanalysis was viewed with either contempt or with indifference, but nonpsychoanalytic psychotherapy was accepted, especially for pastoral use. Freudian theory remained for most Catholics a delicate and dangerous subject for a long time. From the center to the periphery of the Vatican, Catholic positions against psychoanalysis have varied in the way that theological stances have varied...
March 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336046/news-and-notes-conferences
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336045/the-creation-of-a-postcolonial-subject-the-chicago-and-ateneo-de-manila-schools-and-the-peace-corps-in-the-philippines-1960-1970
#8
Christa Wirth
In the 1950s and 1960s scholars from the University of Chicago and the Ateneo de Manila created social scientific knowledge that helped establish the Peace Corps as a Cold War institution in the Philippines. Central were the social scientists at the University of Chicago and the Ateneo de Manila University who established a knowable postcolonial subject: "the Filipino," which resulted from their research on Philippine values. In this context, the Ateneo/Chicago social scientists developed the "SIR," the "smooth interpersonal relation" model that entails the notion that Filipinos and Filipinas particularly valued this nonconfrontational skill set among people...
January 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336044/eshhs-2018-groningen-nl-first-call-for-abstracts
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336043/2017-cheiron-young-scholar-award-winner-shayna-fox-lee
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336042/forum-for-the-history-of-the-human-sciences
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244200/from-hohensch%C3%A3-nhausen-to-guantanamo-bay-psychology-s-role-in-the-secret-services-of-the-gdr-and-the-united-states
#12
Moritz Michels, Martin Wieser
This paper presents a historical analysis of the genesis, context, and function of "Operative Psychology," a little-known branch of applied psychology developed by employees of the Ministry of State Security in the German Democratic Republic. For 25 years, theories and practices of Operative Psychology were taught to elite agents at the Juridical Academy in Potsdam, introducing them to various "silent" psychological techniques of persuasion, interrogation, and repression. After highlighting the economic and political context that increased the need for "silent" techniques of observation and repression, an overview of the topics that were taught and researched at the chair for Operative Psychology is given...
January 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244198/rethinking-the-origins-of-autism-ida-frye-and-the-unraveling-of-children-s-inner-world-in-the-netherlands-in-the-late-1930s
#13
Annemieke Van Drenth
Historiographies on the phenomenon of "autism" display Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger as the great pioneers. The recent controversy on who was first in "discovering" autism urges research into the question of how scientific discoveries relate to processes of academic reflection and social intervention. The Netherlands provide an interesting case in pioneering work in autism, since Dutch experts described autism in children already in the late 1930s, preceding the first publications on autism in children by Kanner and Asperger...
January 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926096/the-ambivert-a-failed-attempt-at-a-normal-personality
#14
Ian J Davidson
Recently, attention has been drawn toward an overlooked and nearly forgotten personality type: the ambivert. This paper presents a genealogy of the ambivert, locating the various contexts it traversed in order to highlight the ways in which these places and times have interacted and changed-ultimately elucidating our current situation. Proposed by Edmund S. Conklin in 1923, the ambivert only was meant for normal persons in between the introvert and extravert extremes. Although the ambivert could have been taken up by early personality psychologists who were transitioning from the study of the abnormal to the normal, it largely failed to gain traction...
September 19, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895145/in-between-mental-evolution-and-unconscious-memory-lamarckism-darwinism-and-professionalism-in-late-victorian-britain
#15
Cristiano Turbil
In 1884 Samuel Butler published a collection of essays entitled Remarks on George Romanes' Mental Evolution, where he attempted to show how Romanes' idea of mental evolution presented similarities with his theory of unconscious memory. By looking at Romanes' work through Butler's writing, this article will reevaluate some aspects of their works regarding the complex debate about memory, heredity, and instinct. This paper will explore the main differences and similarities between Romanes' science and Butler's writing on science both in terms of their ideas and contents...
September 12, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895137/bringing-radical-behaviorism-to-revolutionary-brazil-and-back-fred-keller-s-personalized-system-of-instruction-and-cold-war-engineering-education
#16
Atsushi Akera
This article traces the shifting epistemic commitments of Fred S. Keller and his behaviorist colleagues during their application of Skinnerian radical behaviorism to higher education pedagogy. Building on prior work by Alexandra Rutherford and her focus on the successive adaptation of Skinnerian behaviorism during its successive applications, this study utilizes sociologist of science Karin Knorr Cetina's concept of epistemic cultures to more precisely trace the changes in the epistemic commitments of a group of radical behaviorists as they shifted their focus to applied behavioral analysis...
September 12, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895132/the-genesis-of-victimization-surveys-and-of-the-realist-constructionist-divide
#17
Matthieu de Castelbajac
The invention of victimization surveys is often presented as a synthesis of the two theoretical attitudes that, supposedly, dominated the 1960s debate over official crime statistics: realism and social constructionism. This paper turns this genesis story on its head. Using original archives, I argue that victimization surveys responded to organizational opportunities in the field of applied research. It was only after the fact that two of their architects seized the debate on crime measurement to broadcast their invention...
September 12, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044617/news-and-notes-conferences
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044616/fhhs-news
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044615/report-of-the-49th-annual-meeting-of-cheiron-the-international-society-for-the-history-of-the-behavioral-and-social-sciences
#20
David K Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
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