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Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598534/-very-much-in-love-the-letters-of-magda-arnold-and-father-john-gasson
#1
Elissa N Rodkey
Magda Arnold (1903-2002), best known for her pioneering appraisal theory of emotion, belonged to the second generation of women in psychology who frequently experienced institutional sexism and career barriers. Following her religious conversion, Arnold had to contend with the additional challenge of being an openly Catholic woman in psychology at a time when Catholic academics were stigmatized. This paper announces the discovery of and relies upon a number of previously unknown primary sources on Magda Arnold, including approximately 150 letters exchanged by Arnold and Father John Gasson...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556944/queer-signs-the-women-of-the-british-projective-test-movement
#2
Katherine Hubbard
As queer history is often hidden, historians must look for "signs" that hint at queer lives and experiences. When psychologists use projective tests, the search for queer signs has historically been more literal, and this was especially true in the homophobic practices of Psychology in the mid-twentieth century. In this paper, I respond to Elizabeth Scarborough's call for more analytic history about the lesser known women in Psychology's history. By focusing on British projective research conducted by lesbian psychologist June Hopkins, I shift perspective and consider, not those who were tested (which has been historically more common), but those who did the testing, and position them as potential queer subjects...
May 30, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548241/-making-better-use-of-u-s-women-psychology-sex-roles-and-womanpower-in-post-wwii-america
#3
Alexandra Rutherford
The relationship between American psychology and gender ideologies in the two decades following World War II was complicated and multivalent. Although many psy-professionals publicly contributed to the cult of domesticity that valorized women's roles as wives and mothers, other psychologists, many of them women, reimagined traditional sex roles to accommodate and deproblematize the increasing numbers of women at work, especially working mothers. In this article, I excavate and highlight the contributions of several of these psychologists, embedding their efforts in the context of the paradoxical expectations for women that colored the postwar and increasingly Cold War landscape of the United States...
May 26, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722807/-the-difference-being-a-woman-made-untold-lives-in-personal-and-intellectual-context
#4
Alexandra Rutherford, Katharine Milar
To mark the 30th anniversary of the publication of Scarborough and Furumoto's classic work Untold Lives, and to honor the intellectual legacy of Elizabeth Scarborough (1935-2015), we introduce this special issue devoted to the histories of women, gender, and feminism in psychology. We provide a short biographical sketch of Elizabeth, highlighting her own marriage-career dilemma, then contextualize the publication of Untold Lives within the historiography on women in psychology at that time. We conclude by discussing intersectionality as an analytic framework for the history of psychology as a way to extend and enrich this historiography...
July 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722806/citation-2017-cheiron-book-prize
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722805/forum-for-the-history-of-the-human-sciences
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722804/balancing-life-and-work-by-unbending-gender-early-american-women-psychologists-struggles-and-contributions
#7
Elizabeth Johnston, Ann Johnson
Women's participation in the work force shifted markedly throughout the twentieth century, from a low of 21 percent in 1900 to 59 percent in 1998. The influx of women into market work, particularly married women with children, put pressure on the ideology of domesticity: an ideal male worker in the outside market married to a woman taking care of children and home (Williams, 2000). Here, we examine some moments in the early-to-mid-twentieth century when female psychologists contested established norms of life-work balance premised on domesticity...
July 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722803/news-and-notes-conferences
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387479/eshhs-first-call-for-abstracts
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387478/cheiron-the-international-society-for-the-history-of-behavioral-and-social-sciences
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387476/fhhs-news-jan-2017
#11
Laura Stark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236298/mental-association-testing-individual-differences-before-binet
#12
Annette Mülberger
This paper challenges the historiographical discontinuity established between earlier "anthropometric testing" and the arrival of "psychological testing" with Binet and Simon's intelligence test in 1905. After some conceptual clarifications, it deals with "word association": a kind of psychological experimentation and testing which became popular over the last two decades of the 19th century. First Galton's exploration are presented, followed by experiments performed at the Leipzig laboratory by Trautscholdt, and then Cattell and Bryant's collective testing...
March 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199025/beyond-fields-networks-and-fame-lawrence-krader-as-an-outsider-intellectual
#13
Sabine Sander, Cyril Levitt, Neil McMaughlin
This paper investigates the intellectual biography of the American philosopher and anthropologist Lawrence Krader (1919-1998) as a contribution to the sociology of intellectuals and history of ideas. We trace Krader's career trajectory to his intellectual self-concept, his scholarly and political worldviews, and his financial independence. Krader entertained a self-concept of a lone pioneer that led him to reject the competition for attention as highlighted in the current literature, dominated as it is by an emphasis on field, habitus, the accumulation and reproduction of power, and symbolic capital...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199024/anthropology-at-war-robert-h-lowie-and-the-transformation-of-the-culture-concept-1904-to-1954
#14
Stefan Bargheer
The concept of culture used in American anthropology has fundamentally transformed throughout the first half of the twentieth century. The changing resonance of the work of Robert H. Lowie offers revealing insights into this development. Lowie was part of the first generation of students of Franz Boas that highlighted the importance of individual variation for the study of both primitive and civilized societies. Yet, its initial resonance notwithstanding, the culture concept that prevailed in the discipline went into a different direction as the result of anthropologists' involvement in the war effort...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191910/the-rhetorical-use-of-random-sampling-crafting-and-communicating-the-public-image-of-polls-as-a-science-1935-1948
#15
Dominic Lusinchi
The scientific pollsters (Archibald Crossley, George H. Gallup, and Elmo Roper) emerged onto the American news media scene in 1935. Much of what they did in the following years (1935-1948) was to promote both the political and scientific legitimacy of their enterprise. They sought to be recognized as the sole legitimate producers of public opinion. In this essay I examine the, mostly overlooked, rhetorical work deployed by the pollsters to publicize the scientific credentials of their polling activities, and the central role the concept of sampling has had in that pursuit...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056162/news-and-notes
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056161/bringing-things-together-developing-the-sample-survey-as-practice-in-the-late-nineteenth-century
#17
Peter Gundelach
The first sample surveys in the latter parts of the 19th century were an intellectual social movement. They were motivated by the intention to improve the economic and political conditions of workers. The quantitative survey was considered an ideal because it would present data about the workers as facts, i.e. establish a scientific authoritative truth. In a case study from Denmark, the paper shows how the first survey - a study of seamstresses - was carried out by bringing several cognitive and organizational elements together: a network of researchers, a method for sampling, the construction of a questionnaire, a procedure for coding, and analyzing the data...
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922177/before-attachment-theory-separation-research-at-the-tavistock-clinic-1948-1956
#18
Bican Polat
This article traces the formation of attachment theory to the pioneering research program of Bowlby and his colleagues at the Tavistock Clinic between 1948 and 1956. Through a discussion of the concepts and practices that informed Bowlby's program, I examine the efforts of his team to reconstruct psychoanalytic objects according to preventive objectives and operational criteria. I discuss how the exploratory techniques that Bowlby and his colleagues were developing during these years ultimately led to the establishment of a hybrid investigative framework, in which the prophylactic requirements of mental hygiene, the psychometric model of personality disturbances, the psychoanalytic theory of object relations, and a direct-observational methodology were brought to bear on the problem of the psychological consequences of early separation experiences...
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897322/back-to-the-origins-of-the-repudiation-of-wundt-oswald-k%C3%A3-lpe-and-richard-avenarius
#19
Chiara Russo Krauss
This essay provides a fresh account of the break between Oswald Külpe and his master Wilhelm Wundt. Kurt Danziger's reconstruction of the "repudiation" of Wundt, which has become the canon for this significant episode of history of psychology, focused on the supposed influence of Ernst Mach on this set of events, overshadowing the other exponent of Empiriocriticism: Richard Avenarius. Analyzing archival documents and examining anew the primary sources, the paper shows that Avenarius was himself a member of Wundt's circle, and that his "repudiation" of the master paved the way for Külpe...
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897319/monkeys-mirrors-and-me-gordon-gallup-and-the-study-of-self-recognition
#20
Katja Guenther
This article explores the work of psychologist Gordon Gallup, Jr., during the 1960s and 1970s on mirror self-recognition in animals. It shows how Gallup tried to integrate the mental "self-concept" into an otherwise strictly behaviorist paradigm. By making an argument from material culture, the article demonstrates how Gallup's adoption of a self-concept is best understood as a product of his sustained analysis of the workings of the mirror as a piece of experimental apparatus. In certain situations, the stimulus properties of the mirror changed dramatically, a shift that Gallup thought legitimated the positing of a self-concept...
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
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