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Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922177/before-attachment-theory-separation-research-at-the-tavistock-clinic-1948-1956
#1
Bican Polat
This article traces the formation of attachment theory to the pioneering research program of Bowlby and his colleagues at the Tavistock Clinic between 1948 and 1956. Through a discussion of the concepts and practices that informed Bowlby's program, I examine the efforts of his team to reconstruct psychoanalytic objects according to preventive objectives and operational criteria. I discuss how the exploratory techniques that Bowlby and his colleagues were developing during these years ultimately led to the establishment of a hybrid investigative framework, in which the prophylactic requirements of mental hygiene, the psychometric model of personality disturbances, the psychoanalytic theory of object relations, and a direct-observational methodology were brought to bear on the problem of the psychological consequences of early separation experiences...
December 6, 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897322/back-to-the-origins-of-the-repudiation-of-wundt-oswald-k%C3%A3-lpe-and-richard-avenarius
#2
Chiara Russo Krauss
This essay provides a fresh account of the break between Oswald Külpe and his master Wilhelm Wundt. Kurt Danziger's reconstruction of the "repudiation" of Wundt, which has become the canon for this significant episode of history of psychology, focused on the supposed influence of Ernst Mach on this set of events, overshadowing the other exponent of Empiriocriticism: Richard Avenarius. Analyzing archival documents and examining anew the primary sources, the paper shows that Avenarius was himself a member of Wundt's circle, and that his "repudiation" of the master paved the way for Külpe...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897319/monkeys-mirrors-and-me-gordon-gallup-and-the-study-of-self-recognition
#3
Katja Guenther
This article explores the work of psychologist Gordon Gallup, Jr., during the 1960s and 1970s on mirror self-recognition in animals. It shows how Gallup tried to integrate the mental "self-concept" into an otherwise strictly behaviorist paradigm. By making an argument from material culture, the article demonstrates how Gallup's adoption of a self-concept is best understood as a product of his sustained analysis of the workings of the mirror as a piece of experimental apparatus. In certain situations, the stimulus properties of the mirror changed dramatically, a shift that Gallup thought legitimated the positing of a self-concept...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716974/forum-for-the-history-of-human-sciences-reports-for-jhbs-august-2016
#4
Jacy L Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716973/news-and-notes-fall-2016
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716972/citation-2016-cheiron-book-prize
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716971/report-of-the-48-th-annual-meeting-of-cheiron-the-international-society-for-the-history-of-the-behavioral-and-social-sciences-meeting-jointly-with-european-society-for-the-history-of-human-sciences-eshhs-www-uakron-edu-cheiron-where-the-full-program-and-abstracts
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574740/documenting-human-nature-e-richard-sorenson-and-the-national-anthropological-film-center-1965-1980
#8
Adrianna Link
This article analyzes the development of the National Anthropological Film Center as an outgrowth of the Smithsonian's efforts to promote a multidisciplinary program in "urgent anthropology" during the 1960s and 1970s. It considers how film came to be seen as an ideal tool for the documentation and preservation of a wide range of human data applicable to both the behavioral and life sciences. In doing so, it argues that the intellectual and institutional climate facilitated by the Smithsonian's museum structure during this period contributed to the Center's initial establishment as well its eventual decline...
September 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558872/walking-the-tightrope-the-committee-on-the-behavioral-sciences-and-academic-cultures-at-the-university-of-chicago-1949-1955
#9
Philippe Fontaine
The Chicago Committee on the Behavioral Sciences occupies a special place in the eponymous movement. Involving prominent figures such as psychologist James G. Miller and neurophysiologist Ralph W. Gerard, this committee embodied the common belief among behavioral scientists that a cross-disciplinary approach using natural science methods was key to understanding major issues facing mid-century American society. This interdivisional committee fell under the jurisdiction of both the natural and social sciences...
September 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546884/on-the-pragmatics-of-social-theory-the-case-of-elias-s-on-the-process-of-civilization
#10
Filipe Carreira DA Silva, Marta Bucholc
This paper proposes a new approach to the study of sociological classics. This approach is pragmatic in character. It draws upon the social pragmatism of G. H. Mead and the sociology of texts of D. F. McKenzie. Our object of study is Norbert Elias's On the Process of Civilization. The pragmatic genealogy of this book reveals the importance of taking materiality seriously. By documenting the successive entanglements between human agency and nonhuman factors, we discuss the origins of the book in the 1930s, how it was forgotten for 30 years, and how in the mid-1970s it became a sociological classic...
September 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546818/william-mcdougall-american-psychologist-a-reconsideration-of-nature-nurture-debates-in-the-interwar-united-states
#11
Anne C Rose
The British-born psychologist William McDougall (1871-1938) spent more than half of his academic career in the United States, holding successive positions after 1920 at Harvard and Duke universities. Scholarly studies uniformly characterize McDougall's relationship with his New World colleagues as contentious: in the standard view, McDougall's theory of innate drives clashed with the Americans' experimentation into learned habits. This essay argues instead that rising American curiosity about inborn appetites-an interest rooted in earlier pragmatic philosophy and empirically investigated by interwar scientists-explains McDougall's migration to the United States and his growing success there...
September 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383633/news-and-notes-summer-2016
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27163795/bridge-over-troubled-waters-the-most-central-members-of-psychology-and-philosophy-associations-ca-1900
#13
Christopher D Green, Crystal Heidari, Daniel Chiacchia, Shane M Martin
There are many different ways to assess the significance of historical figures. Often we look at the influence of their writings, or at the important offices they held with disciplinary institutions such as universities, journals, and scholarly societies. In this study, however, we took a novel approach: we took the complete memberships, ca. 1900, of four organizations-the American Psychological Association, the Western Philosophical Association, the American Philosophical Association, and the Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology-and visualized them as a network...
July 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159374/the-importance-of-instrument-makers-for-the-development-of-experimental-psychology-the-case-of-alfred-binet-at-the-sorbonne-laboratory
#14
Serge Nicolas
The importance of instrument firms in the development of psychology, and science in general, should not be underestimated since it would not have been possible for various leading psychologists at the turn of the twentieth century to conduct certain experiments without the assistance of instrument makers, as is often the case today. To illustrate the historical perspective introduced here, the example of Alfred Binet is taken, as he is an interesting case of a psychologist working in close collaboration with various French instrument designers of the time...
July 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152736/instructional-manuals-of-boundary-work-psychology-textbooks-student-subjectivities-and-disciplinary-historiographies
#15
Ivan Flis
This article aims to provide an overview of the historiography of psychology textbooks. In the overview, I identify and describe in detail two strands of writing histories of introductory textbooks of psychology and juxtapose them to provide an integrated historiography of textbooks in psychology. One strand is developed by teachers of psychology-first as a general approach for investigating textbooks in a pedagogical setting, and then later upgraded into a full history of psychology textbooks in America. The other strand follows a more familiar perspective of historians of science and historians of psychology who build on various post-Kuhnian and post-Foucauldian perspectives on textbooks...
July 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27122382/discovering-palladino-s-mediumship-otero-acevedo-lombroso-and-the-quest-for-authority
#16
Andrea Graus
In 1888, the spiritist Ercole Chiaia challenged Cesare Lombroso to go to Naples and study a brilliant though still unknown medium: Eusapia Palladino. At that time Lombroso turned down the challenge. However, in 1891 he became fascinated by the medium's phenomena. Despite the abundant literature on Palladino, there is still an episode that needs to be explored: in 1888, the Spanish doctor Manuel Otero Acevedo accepted the challenge rejected by Lombroso, spent three months in Naples studying the medium and invited the Italian psychiatrist to join his investigations...
July 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26938307/-propagandists-for-the-behavioral-sciences-the-overlooked-partnership-between-the-carnegie-corporation-and-ssrc-in-the-mid-twentieth-century
#17
Emily Hauptmann
The Carnegie Corporation's role as a patron of the behavioral sciences has been overlooked; its support for the behavioral sciences not only began earlier than the Ford Foundation's but was also at least equally important to their success. I show how the close postwar collaboration between the Carnegie Corporation and the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) to promote the behavioral sciences emerged after a struggle between Carnegie and the Rockefeller Foundation over the direction and leadership of the SSRC...
2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26924673/blots-and-all-a-history-of-the-rorschach-ink-blot-test-in-britain
#18
Katherine Hubbard, Peter Hegarty
Despite the easily recognizable nature of the Rorschach ink blot test very little is known about the history of the test in Britain. We attend to the oft-ignored history of the Rorschach test in Britain and compare it to its history in the US. Prior to the Second World War, Rorschach testing in Britain had attracted advocates and critiques. Afterward, the British Rorschach Forum, a network with a high proportion of women, developed around the Tavistock Institute in London and The Rorschach Newsletter. In 1968, the International Rorschach Congress was held in London but soon after the group became less exclusive, and fell into decline...
2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26916153/-my-resisting-getting-well-neurasthenia-and-subconscious-conflict-in-patient-psychiatrist-interactions-in-prewar-america
#19
Susan Lamb
This study examines experiences of individual patients and psychiatrists in the Henry Phipps Psychiatric Clinic at Johns Hopkins between 1913 and 1917. The dynamics of these patient-psychiatrist interactions elucidate the well-known conceptual shift in explanations of mental illness during the twentieth century, from somatic models rooted in the logic of "neurasthenia" and damaged nerves to psychodynamic models based on the notion of "subconscious conflict." A qualitative analysis of 336 cases categorized as functional disorders (a catchall term in this period for illnesses that could not be confirmed as organic diseases), shows that patients explained their symptoms and suffering in terms of bodily malfunctions, and, particularly, as a "breakdown" of their nervous apparatus...
2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26910603/v-m-bekhterev-in-russian-child-science-1900s-1920s-objective-psychology-reflexology-as-a-scientific-movement
#20
Andy Byford
In the early 20(th) century the child population became a major focus of scientific, professional and public interest. This led to the crystallization of a dynamic field of child science, encompassing developmental and educational psychology, child psychiatry and special education, school hygiene and mental testing, juvenile criminology and the anthropology of childhood. This article discusses the role played in child science by the eminent Russian neurologist and psychiatrist Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev...
2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
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