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Ideggyógyászati Szemle

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465902/-the-facets-of-creativity-in-the-light-of-bipolar-mood-alterations
#1
Réka Szakács
The link between creativity, as the highest expression form of human achievement, and bipolar disorder came into focus of scientific investigations and research. Accomplished writers, composers and visual artists show a substantially higher rate of affective disorders, prodominantly bipolar mood disorders, comparing to the general population. Then again, patients afflicted with bipolar II subtype (hypomania and depression), as well as persons presenting the mildest form of bipolar mood swings (cyclothymia) possess higher creative skills...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465901/association-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-parkinson-s-disease-case-control-study-in-south-east-hungary
#2
Mária Markó-Kucsera, László Vécsei, Edit Paulik
Background and purpose: Parkinson's disease (PD) has the second highest incidence among neurodegenerative diseases in the world population. The study aimed to investigate the presence of some cardiovascular risk factors - dyslipidemia, diabetes, and hypertension - in PD patients and to compare their risk with non-PD population in South East Hungary. Methods: A case-control study was conducted at the Department of Neurology, University of Szeged, Hungary. The study included 1299 subjects out of which 620 patients were identified as cases of diagnosed PD and 679 as controls...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465900/alteration-of-mean-platelet-volume-in-the-pathogenesis-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-cause-or-consequence
#3
Zeynep Özözen Ayas, Ufuk Can
Background and purpose: Platelets have a crucial role on vascular disease which are involved in pathogenesis of ischemic stroke. Platelet size is measured as mean platelet volume (MPV) and is a marker of platelet activity. Platelets contain more dense granules as the size increases and produce more serotonin and tromboglobulin (b-TG) than small platelets. In this study, the alteration of MPV values were investigated in patients with acute stroke, who had MPV values before stroke, during acute ischemic stroke and 7 days after the stroke...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465899/electroclinical-and-prognostic-characteristics-of-epilepsy-patients-with-photosensitivity
#4
Hülya Olgun Yazar, Günay Gül, Tamer Yazar, Fulya Eren, Demet-Yandım Kuscu, Dursun Kirbas
Background and purpose: Epilepsy with photosensitivity (PSE) is one of the reflex epilepsy types with pathophysiology still unexplained. In our study we aimed to evaluate the clinical, electroencephalogram (EEG) and prognosis of patients with PSE diagnosis. Methods: A total of 44 patients with PSE diagnosis according to international classification were included in this retrospective and cross-sectional study. The age, gender, syndrome, clinical and EEG characteristics of patients, and treatment response were investigated...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465898/functional-neurotoxicity-and-tissue-metal-levels-in-rats-exposed-subacutely-to-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-via-the-airways
#5
Tamara Horváth, Tünde Vezér, Gábor Kozma, András Papp
Background and purpose: Nanoparticles of titanium dioxide are suspected neurotoxic agents and have numerous applications possibly resulting in human exposure by several ways including inhalation. In the present work, rats were exposed to spherical TiO2 nanoparticles of two different sizes by the intratracheal route. It was investigated how the neuro-functional alterations, detected by electrophysiological and behavioral methods, were related to the concentration of Ti in the tissue samples and what the influence of the size of the NPs was...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465897/-effects-of-nasal-provocation-with-a-single-dose-allergen-on-the-explicit-and-implicit-memory-of-physically-active-and-inactive-patients-with-ragweed-allergy
#6
Margaréta Tokodi, Eszter Csábi, Ágnes Kiricsi, Rebeka Schultz, Andor Molnár H, László Rovó, Zsolt Bella
Background and purpose: Allergy is an endemic disease and has a considerable impact on the quality of life. This study aimed to measure the effect of active allergic rhinitis on memory functions of physically active and inactive patients with ragweed allergy. Methods: Memory functions were assessed before and after allergen exposure. Participants in both groups were provoked nasally with 30 IR/mL ragweed allergen in each nostril. Explicit memory was measured with story-recalling and implicit memory was investigated with reaction time task...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465896/insights-into-the-structure-and-function-of-the-hippocampal-formation-relevance-to-parkinson-s-disease
#7
REVIEW
Orsolya Györfi, Helga Nagy, Magdolna Bokor, Szabolcs Kéri
The link between the hippocampus and declarative memory dysfunctions following the removal of the medial temporal lobe opened unexplored fields in neuroscience. In the first part of our review, we summarized current theoretical frameworks discussing the role of hippocampus in learning and memory. Several theories are highlighted suggesting that the hippocampus is responsible for assembling stimulus elements into a unitary representation that later can be utilized to simulate future events. The hippocampal formation has been implicated in a growing number of disorders, from neurodegenerative diseases to atypical cognitive ageing and depression...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465895/-clinical-neurophysiological-methods-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cerebrovascular-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Ildikó Nagy, Dániel Fabó
Neurophysiological methods are gaining ground in the diagnosis and therapy of cerebrovascular disease. While the role of the EEG (electroencephalography) in the diagnosis of post-stroke epilepsy is constant, quantitative EEG para-meters, as new indicators of early efficiency after thrombolysis or in prognosis of patient's condition have proved their effectiveness in several clinical studies. In intensive care units, continuous EEG monitoring of critically ill patients became part of neurointenzive care protocols...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733562/nmda-receptor-associated-encephalitis-in-a-woman-with-mature-cystic-ovarian-teratoma
#9
Melinda Vanya, Judit Füvesi, Zoltán A Kovács, Nikos Gorgoraptis, Afram Salek-Haddadi, László Kovács, György Bártfai
Introduction - N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) antibody-associated encephalitis has been reported in the international neurological literature to be associated with mature or immature ovarian teratomas (OTs). However, few cases of encephalitis were diagnosed in Hungary. In 2011 Hollody et al. described the first case of anti-NMDA receptor associated encephalitis in Hungary. Objective - Our aim was to present a case of NMDA-R antibody-mediated encephalitis in a woman with OT thereby providing information facilitating diagnosis of OT in women, who present with symptoms of encephalitis...
November 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733561/-ketamine-administration-in-case-of-severe-therapy-resistant-depressed-patient-case-report
#10
Szabolcs Morvai, Attila István Nagy, Adrienn Bálint-Szöllősi, E Csaba Móré, Roland Berecz, Ede Frecska
Objective - In our case report we present the treatment of a female patient suffering from therapy resistant depression. This procedure is not in practice in Hungary at present, the aim of our work to reproduce the findigs of international studies in domestic circumstances. Matter - Major depression is a common, chronic and severe mental disorder, with 16.2% lifetime prevalence. Many international randomized, placebo controlled trials found administration of ketamine infusion effective in depressed patients...
November 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733560/unilateral-thalamic-infarction-causing-downward-gaze-palsy-in-a-patient-with-uncorrected-tetralogy-of-fallot-a-case-report
#11
Ádám Annus, Krisztina Bencsik, Tamás Járdánházy, László Vécsei, Péter Klivényi
Introduction - Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the most common form of cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD). Adults with surgically uncorrected forms of this condition are extremely rare, since operation is recommended in childhood to prevent cyanosis. Cyanotic CHD increases the risk of thromboembolic events. An endothelial dysfunction caused by chronic hypoxia and shear stress due to rheological alterations with a platelet dysfunction appear to be the explanation behind this finding. Paramedian thalamic infarction causing vertical gaze palsy without midbrain involvement is an infrequent finding...
November 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733559/could-red-cell-distribution-width-and-mean-platelet-volume-be-a-predictor-for-lumbar-disc-hernias
#12
Yasar Dagistan, Emine Dagistan, Ali Riza Gezici, Sıdıka Halicioglu, Semih Akar, Nezih Özkan, Aktas Gulali
Background and purpose: Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) causes major disabilities worldwide. Several studies in the literature had reported the correlation between radiculopathy and inflammatory markers. Mean platelet volume (MPV), red cell distribution width (RDW) and neutrophil to lymphocyte (N/L) ratio are parameters of hemogram which have been found to be associated with inflammatory conditions. Purpose - Since inflammation has an important role in lumbar disc hernias, and RDW, MPV and N/L ratio are also known to be in correlation with inflammation, we have investigated these parameters of the patients with lumbar disc hernias and compared them with the results of the healthy subjects...
November 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733558/vitreous-humor-diffusion-measurements-from-diffusionweighted-imaging-in-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#13
Bekir Caglı, Sedat Alpaslan Tuncel, Erdem Yılmaz, Aslan Tekatas, Veli Ermıs
Background and purpose: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is a disease with uncertain etiology. It is not caused by an intracranial mass lesion or hydrocephalus and is characterized by abnormal elevation of intracranial pressure and normal composition of the cerebrospinal fluid. The orbita and intracranial area are closely related anatomically. Elevated intracranial pressure can be transmitted to the orbita through the cerebrospinal fluid around the optic nerve sheath changes at the vitreous humor on diffusion-weighted imaging have not been systemically studied in idiopathic intracranial hypertension...
November 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733557/how-to-minimize-the-risk-for-headache-a-lumbar-puncture-practice-questionnaire-study
#14
Jonatan Salzer, Cecilia Rajda, Peter Sundström, Mattias Vågberg, László Vécsei, Anders Svenningsson
Background - To lower the risk for post lumbar puncture (LP) headache the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) recommended using small bore atraumatic needles together with stylet reinsertion in a report from 2005. It is unclear whether these recommendations are followed or not. Objectives - To investigate the diagnostic LP preferences with respect to the AAN guidelines among neurologists by use of a short online questionnaire, and to review previously published literature on the subject. Results - A total of 284 respondents who performed diagnostic LPs completed the questionnaire...
November 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733556/patient-characteristics-and-the-effects-of-intravenous-immunoglobulin-in-patients-with-guillain-barre-syndrome
#15
Yesim Guzey Aras, Osman Tanik, Belma Dogan Güngen, Dilcan Kotan
Purpose - The purpose of this study is to determine the diagnosis- and treatment-related characteristics in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and to evaluate the effects of early intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) treatment on disability, mortality and prognosis. Materials and methods - Adult patients who were diagnosed with GBS in our clinic between January 2000 and January 2014 were retrospectively scanned. While the patients undergoing IVIg treatment were included in the study, the other neuropathic diseases were excluded...
November 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733555/-the-role-of-zonisamide-in-the-treatment-of-women-with-epilepsy
#16
REVIEW
Vera Juhos
The antiepileptic drugs can effect fertility, development of gynecological diseases and occurence of sexual problems. They can cause a number of "cosmetic" problem and also influence the selection of safe contraceptive method. Many antiepileptic drugs can cause congenital malformations or affect the new-born child's psychomotor and cognitive development, therefore during pregnancy should be treated with extreme caution in women with epilepsy. Most types of epilepsies accompany the patient through their whole life...
November 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733554/-behavioral-and-cognitive-profile-of-corpus-callosum-agenesia-review
#17
REVIEW
Beatrix Lábadi, Anna Maria Beke
Background and purpose: Agenesis of corpus callosum is a relatively frequent congenital cerebral malformation including dysplasia, total or partial absence of corpus callosum. The agenesis of corpus callosum can be occured in isolated form without accompanying somatic or central nervous system abnormalities and it can be associated with other central nervus system malformations. The behavioral and cognitive outcome is more favorable for patients with isolated agenesis of corpus callous than syndromic form of corpus callosum...
November 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733553/-recommendation-for-treatment-options-in-advanced-parkinson-s-disease
#18
REVIEW
Zsuzsanna Aschermann, György Dibó, Péter Klivényi, Norbert Kovács, Tibor Kovács, Annamária Takáts, Gertrúd Tamás, Lajos Varannai
The treatment of advanced Parkinson's disease is challenging for both physicians and caregivers. The device-aided therapies need expertise and dedicated hospital centers. In this summary we have concluded the available data and recommendation for the treatment options in advanced Parkinson's disease and adopt them to the daily care in Hungary.
November 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29638101/-operation-rehabilitation-employment
#19
Gabriella Mészáros, Miklós Fehér, Csaba Borbély
In this article we would like to bring the attention to the importance of early rehabilitation, coordinated operation of different subdivisions of rehabilitation and the expanding opportunities after medical care through following a 38- year-old female patient's case who was operated 6 years ago with anaplasticus oligodendroglioma. We find it important that the experts working on the field of health care, social services or labour should be aware of the possibilities of rehabilitation of their patients from the capability assessment, through its development until their placement in integrated labour market...
September 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29638100/restless-leg-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease-in-women-with-iron-deficiency-anemia
#20
Mehmet Kolukisa, Pınar Soysal, Tuğçe Özdemir Gületkin, Cumali Karatoprak, Halide Rengin Bilgen, Azize Esra Gürsoy
Background and purpose: Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) also known as Willis-Ekbom Disease (WED) is a common condition associated with reduced quality of life and other medical conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases. Despite its common occurrence, it is widely underdiagnosed and undertreated. Therefore, identification of high-risk individuals for RLS/WED bears diagnostic and therapeutic significance. Iron deficiency anemia has a role in the pathophysiology of RLS/WED and both conditions have been reported to occur higher in females...
September 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
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