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Huynh Nguyen Khanh Tran, Van Thu Nguyen, Jeong Ah Kim, Seong Soo Rho, Mi Hee Woo, Jae Sui Choi, Jeong-Hyung Lee, Byung Sun Min
Five new compounds, 10-oxomornigrol F (1), (7″R)-(-)-6-(7″-hydroxy-3″,8″-dimethyl-2″,8″-octadien-1″-yl)apigenin (2), ramumorin A (3), ramumorin B (4), and (4S,7S,8R)-trihydroxyoctadeca-5Z-enoic acid (5), together with 31 known compounds (6-36), were isolated from the twigs of Morus alba (Moraceae). The chemical structures of these compounds were established using spectroscopic analyses, 1D and 2D NMR, high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HRESIMS), and Mosher's methods. The anti-inflammatory activities of the compounds were evaluated by investigating their ability to inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in macrophage RAW 264...
May 18, 2017: Fitoterapia
Baosong Chen, Jin Tian, Jinjin Zhang, Kai Wang, Li Liu, Bo Yang, Li Bao, Hongwei Liu
Seven new compounds including four lanostane triterpenoids, lucidenic acids Q-S (1-3) and methyl ganoderate P (4), and three triterpene-farnesyl hydroquinone conjugates, ganolucinins A-C (5-7), one new natural product ganomycin J (8), and 73 known compounds (9-81) were isolated from fruiting bodies of Ganoderma lucidum. The structures of the compounds 1-8 were determined by spectroscopic methods. Bioactivities of compounds isolated were assayed against HMG-CoA reductase, aldose reductase, α-glucosidase, and PTP1B...
May 17, 2017: Fitoterapia
Yasmin Bains, Alejandro Gugliucci, Russell Caccavello
BACKGROUND: One mechanism by which fructose could exert deleterious effects is through intestinal formation and absorption of pro-inflammatory advanced glycation endproducts via the Maillard reaction. We employed simulated stomach and duodenum digestion of ovalbumin (OVA) to test the hypothesis that advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) are formed by fructose during simulated digestion of a ubiquitous food protein under model physiological conditions. METHODS: OVA was subjected to simulated gastric and intestinal digestion using standard models, in presence of fructose or glucose (0-100mM)...
May 17, 2017: Fitoterapia
Dan He, Menglei Wang, Siyu Zhao, Yisong Shu, Honglian Zeng, Cheng Xiao, Cheng Lu, Yuanyan Liu
Quinazolinones belong to a family of heterocyclic nitrogen compounds that have attracted increasing interest because of their broad spectrum of biological functions. This review describes three types of natural quinazolinones and their synthesized derivatives and summarizes their various pharmacological activities, including antifungal, anti-tumor, anti-malaria, anticonvulsant, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory and antihyperlipidemic activities. In addition, structure-activity relationships of quinazolinone derivatives are also reviewed...
May 8, 2017: Fitoterapia
Charles O Ochieng, Sylvia A Opiyo, Edward W Mureka, Ismail O Ishola
Gymnosporia heterophylla (Celastraceae) is an African medicinal plants used to treat painful and inflammatory diseases with partial scientific validation. Solvent extractions followed by repeated chromatographic purification of the G. heterophylla aerial parts led to the isolation of one new β-dihydroagarofuran sesquiterpene alkaloid (1), and two triterpenes (2-3). In addition, eight known compounds including one β-dihydroagarofuran sesquiterpene alkaloid (4), and six triterpenes (5-10) were isolated. All structures were determined through extensive analysis of the NMR an MS data as well as by comparison with literature data...
May 2, 2017: Fitoterapia
Yuan-Qing Luo, Miao Liu, Jin Wen, Wei-Guang Wang, Kun Hu, Xiao-Nian Li, Xue Du, Jian-Xin Pu, Han-Dong Sun
Sixteen dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans, including eight new ones, kadheterins A-H (1-8), and a new natural product, 9-benzoyloxy-gomisin B (9), were isolated from the stems of K. heteroclita. The structures of 1-9 were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods, and their absolute configurations were determined by combining CD with ROESY experiments. Additionally, the absolute configuration of 1 was further confirmed by single crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis. In vitro activity assays showed that 1 exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against HL-60 with IC50 value at 14...
April 27, 2017: Fitoterapia
Xiao-Bing Wang, Chang-Shui Yang, Jian-Guang Luo, Chao Zhang, Jun Luo, Ming-Hua Yang, Ling-Yi Kong
Six novel calyxins, named calyxin T-W, ent-calyxin T and ent-calyxin U were isolated from the seeds of Alpinia katsumadai Hayata. Their relative configurations were elucidated by means of detailed UV, IR, NMR and MS spectroscopic data. Their absolute configurations were assigned by collaborative studies on single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, Mosher's method, electronic circular dichroism (ECD), optical rotation and theoretical calculations. These compounds are Friedel-Cranft alkylation adducts composed of coexisted diarylheptanoids and flavanone from the seeds of Alpinia katsumadai...
April 26, 2017: Fitoterapia
Zhen-Hua Liu, Rui-Jing Ma, Liu Yang, Jin-Yu Li, Bo Hou, Jiang-Miao Hu, Jun Zhou
Three new triterpenoids, patrinolides B-D (1-3), and two new iridoids, patriscabioins K-L (9-10), together with five known compounds (4-8) were isolated from the extract of the whole plants of Patrinia scabiosaefolia. Compounds 1, 9, and 10 contained the unique substituents in Valerianaceae family, such as isovalery and 3-methylcrotonyl. Compound 2 was a 24-nor-ursane triterpenoid. Their structures were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis (UV, IR, MS, 1D and 2D NMR). The inhibitory activities against nitric oxide synthase (NOS) of all triterpenoids were tested...
April 26, 2017: Fitoterapia
Lenka Roubalová, Albena T Dinkova-Kostova, David Biedermann, Vladimír Křen, Jitka Ulrichová, Jiří Vrba
Silybum marianum (milk thistle) is a medicinal plant used for the treatment of various liver disorders. This study examined whether the main flavonolignans from S. marianum (i.e. silybin, silychristin, silydianin) and their 2,3-dehydro derivatives (i.e. 2,3-dehydrosilybin, 2,3-dehydrosilychristin, 2,3-dehydrosilydianin) activate the Nrf2 pathway, which regulates the expression of genes encoding many cytoprotective enzymes, including NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). After 48h of exposure, 2,3-dehydrosilydianin at concentrations of 25μM and higher significantly elevated the activity of NQO1 in murine hepatoma Hepa1c1c7 cells...
April 24, 2017: Fitoterapia
Yong Zhou, Ling-Yu Li, Heng-Chun Ren, Ri-Dong Qin, Qin Li, Peng-Fei Tu, Gui-Fang Dou, Qing-Ying Zhang, Hong Liang
Three new sesquiterpene glycosides (1-3), three new glycerol glycosides (4-6), two new alkaloids (7-8), together with seven known compounds (9-15) all of which were isolated from the genus Pilea for the first time, were isolated from the whole plants of Pilea cavaleriei Levl subsp. cavaleriei. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic techniques and chemical methods. The cytotoxic activity of the isolated compounds was evaluated against four cancer cell lines, and none of the tested compounds caused a significant reduction of the cell number...
April 11, 2017: Fitoterapia
Zhi-Guo Zhuo, Guo-Zhen Wu, Xin Fang, Xin-Hui Tian, Hong-Yuan Dong, Xi-Ke Xu, Hui-Liang Li, Ning Xie, Wei-Dong Zhang, Yun-Heng Shen
Two new eudesmane sesquiterpenoids, chlorajaponols A-B (1-2), two new guaiane sesquiterpenoids, chlorajaponols C-D (3-4), a new germacrane sesquiterpenoid, chlorajaponol E (5), and a new lindenane sesquiterpenoid, chlorajaponol F (6), along with 8 known sesquiterpenoids and 6 known disesquiterpenoids, were isolated from the whole plant of Chloranthus japonicus. Their structures were established by extensive analysis of NMR spectroscopic data in combination with mass spectrometry. The structures of compounds 1-4 were confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction (CuKα radiation)...
April 10, 2017: Fitoterapia
Ning-Bo Qin, Cui-Cui Jia, Jun Xu, Da-Hong Li, Fan-Xing Xu, Jiao Bai, Zhan-Lin Li, Hui-Ming Hua
Two new amide compounds, mariamides A and B (1-2), were obtained together with fourteen known compounds from the seeds of milk thistle (Silybum marianum). Their structures were established on the basis of extensive 1D and 2D NMR analyses, as well as HR-ESI-MS data. Most of the compounds showed significant antioxidant activities than positive control in ABTS and FRAP assays. However, only amide compounds 1-4 showed moderate DPPH radical scavenging activity and compounds 7 and 16 showed the most potent activity against DPPH...
April 8, 2017: Fitoterapia
Yong Luo, Li-Zhi Cheng, Qi Luo, Yong-Ming Yan, Shu-Mei Wang, Qin Sun, Yong-Xian Cheng
Five new ursane-type triterpenoids, spicatusoids A-E (1, 3-6), and three known ones (2, 7, and 8), and a known oleanane-type triterpenoid (9) were isolated from the aerial parts of Clerodendranthus spicatus. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods. In particular, the structure of 3 including its absolute configuration was confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Cell viability of all the compounds against rat kidney fibroblast cells (NRK-49F) with or without TGF-β1 induction and human cancer cells (HL-60, SMMC-7721, A-549, MCF-7, and SW-480) was examined by using MTT or MST assays...
April 7, 2017: Fitoterapia
Sameh F AbouZid, Hayam S Ahmed, Abeer S Moawad, Asmaa I Owis, Shao-Nong Chen, Amandine Nachtergael, James B McAlpine, J Brent Friesen, Guido F Pauli
Flavonolignans constitute an important class of plant secondary metabolites formed by oxidative coupling of one flavonoid and one phenylpropanoid moiety. The standardized flavonolignan-rich extract prepared from the fruits of Silybum marianum is known as silymarin and has long been used medicinally, prominently as an antihepatotoxic and as a chemopreventive agent. Principal component analysis of the variation in flavonolignan content in S. marianum samples collected from different locations in Egypt revealed biosynthetic relationships between the flavonolignans...
April 6, 2017: Fitoterapia
James Oppong Kyekyeku, Souvik Kusari, Reimmel Kwame Adosraku, Anke Bullach, Christopher Golz, Carsten Strohmann, Michael Spiteller
Extensive chemical investigation of the endophytic fungus, Fusarium solani JK10, harbored in the root of the Ghanaian medicinal plant Chlorophora regia, using the OSMAC (One Strain Many Compounds) approach resulted in the isolation of seven new 7-desmethyl fusarin C derivatives (1-7), together with five known compounds (8-12). The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by analysis of their spectroscopic data including 1D, 2D NMR, HRESI-MS(n) and IR data. The relative configuration of compounds 1/2 was deduced by comparison of their experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and optical rotation data with those reported in literature...
April 6, 2017: Fitoterapia
Stefan J Kaiser, Nico T Mutters, Brigitte Blessing, Frank Günther
BACKGROUND: The antimicrobial properties of natural isothiocyanates (ITCs) found in plants such as nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) and horseradish (Armoracia rusticana), and the need of new chemotherapeutic options for treatment of infections caused by multidrug-resistant and biofilm-forming Gram-negative bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa), led us to evaluate the effects of three major ITCs, allylisothiocyanate (AITC), benzylisothiocyanate (BITC), and phenylethyl-isothiocyanate (PEITC), and a mixture (ITCM) adapted to the ITC composition after release of active components out of natural sources...
April 5, 2017: Fitoterapia
Xiu-Yu Shen, Yang Yu, Guo-Dong Chen, Hua Zhou, Jin-Fang Luo, Yi-Han Zuo, Xin-Sheng Yao, Yi Dai
Six new sesquiterpenoids, namely nardosinanones J-N and nardoaristolone C, were isolated from the rhizomes and roots of Nardostachys chinensis Batal. Their structures were determined by interpretation of spectroscopic data (HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR). A combination of X-ray crystal diffraction, ECD calculation, and Mosher ester methods was employed to determine the absolute configuration of the isolated compounds. Compounds 1-2, 4-6 were evaluated anti-inflammatory activities in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages...
April 5, 2017: Fitoterapia
Jing Li, Ping-Sheng Xu, Lei-Hong Tan, Zhen-Xing Zou, Yi-Kun Wang, Hong-Ping Long, Gan Zhou, Guang Li, Kang-Ping Xu, Gui-Shan Tan
Three new neolignans, lycocernuasides B-D (1-3), three new serratane triterpenoids, lycernuic ketones D (8) and E (9), and lycernuic A (10), together with six known compounds, were isolated from the 75% aqueous EtOH extract of Palhinhaea cernua. Their structures and absolute configurations were established primarily by NMR, HRESIMS and circular dichroism (CD). All compounds were evaluated the inhibitory activities of xanthine oxidase. Compounds 1-3 displayed moderate inhibitory effects on xanthine oxidase with IC50 values of 30...
April 5, 2017: Fitoterapia
Yang Chen, Jianping Zhao, Yixing Qiu, Hanwen Yuan, Shabana I Khan, Nusrat Hussain, M Iqbal Choudhary, Feng Zeng, De-An Guo, Ikhlas A Khan, Wei Wang
Phytochemical investigation on the stems and roots of Tripterygium wilfordii led to the isolation and characterization of three new prenylated flavanones, tripteryols A-C (1-3), along with (±)-5,4'-dihydroxy-2'-methoxy-6',6″-dimethypyraro-(2″,3″:7,8)-6-methyflavanone (4), and ((2S)-5,7,4'-trihydroxy-2'-methoxy-8,5'-di(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-6-methylflavanone (5). Structures of the compounds 1-5 were elucidated using spectroscopic techniques, such as UV, IR, NMR (1D and 2D), and HRESI-MS. Tripteryols B (2) was found active in the antimicrobial assay against Cryptococcus neoformans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) with IC50 values in the range of 2...
April 5, 2017: Fitoterapia
Dennis Eckelmann, Souvik Kusari, Michael Spiteller
The ecological role of maytansine, an important antineoplastic and antimicrobial compound with high cytotoxicity, particularly as a chemical defense compound has remained elusive since its discovery in the 1970s in Maytenus and Putterlickia plants. In the present study, we have used MALDI-imaging-HRMS to visualize the occurrence as well as spatial and temporal distribution of maytansine in a Maytenus senegalensis plant, seeds obtained from the mother plant during seeding stage, through the germination of the seeds, and finally up to the establishment of seedlings (or daughter plants)...
April 3, 2017: Fitoterapia
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