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Fitoterapia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322990/xanthones-from-the-twigs-of-garcinia-oblongifolia-and-their-antidiabetic-activity
#1
Binh T D Trinh, Tam T T Quach, Dung N Bui, Dan Staerk, Lien-Hoa D Nguyen, Anna K Jäger
Three new xanthones, oblongixanthone F-H (1-3), along with eight known xanthones (4-11), were isolated from an EtOAc extract of the twigs of Garcinia oblongifolia. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis including 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. The antidiabetic effects of all isolated compounds were evaluated by in vitro α-glucosidase and PTP1B inhibition assays. Compound 11 was the most active compound, and inhibited α-glucosidase and PTP1B with IC50 values of 1.7±0...
March 16, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315389/variations-in-the-chemical-composition-and-content-of-salicylic-glycosides-in-the-bark-of-salix-purpurea-from-natural-locations-and-their-significance-for-breeding
#2
Paweł Sulima, Mirosława Krauze-Baranowska, Jerzy Andrzej Przyborowski
Willow bark is one of the few plant raw materials which contain natural active substances that have analgesic, fever-reducing, anti-inflammatory and anti-rheumatic effects. Salix purpurea, listed as widespread and common in many countries, belongs to the willow species with the highest content of salicylic compounds. The chemical composition and content of major salicylic glycosides (SGs) in the bark of S. purpurea genotypes from natural locations were investigated in this study to evaluate their applicability for pharmaceutical processing and creative breeding...
March 15, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300701/novel-immunosuppressive-pregnane-glycosides-from-the-leaves-of-epigynum-auritum
#3
Fei Gao, Yuan-Cheng Yao, Sheng-Bao Cai, Tian-Rui Zhao, Xiao-Yan Yang, Jian Fan, Xiao-Nian Li, Jian-Xin Cao, Gui-Guang Cheng
Phytochemical investigation on the leaves of Epigynum auritum led to the isolation of three novel C21 pregnane glycosides, epigynosides, E-G (1-3), together with two known pregnane glycosides, epigynosides A (4) and C (5). Their structures were elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic data (MS, IR, 1D and 2D NMR) analysis, as well as comparison with the reported data. The immunological activities of the new compounds was evaluated against concanavalin A (Con A)-stimulated proliferation of mice splenocyte in vitro...
March 12, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300699/monomeric-and-dimeric-ent-kauranoid-type-diterpenoids-from-rabdosia-japonica-and-their-cytotoxicity-and-anti-hbv-activities
#4
Hong-Chuan Liu, Zhao-Bao Xiang, Qiang Wang, Bo-Yan Li, Yong-Sheng Jin, Hai-Sheng Chen
Two new ent-kauranoid-type diterpenoids (1 and 2) and one new rare dimer of ent-kauranoids (3) with a cyclobutane ring by a [2+2] cycloaddition, together with nine known diterpenoids (4-12) were obtained from the aerial parts of Rabdosia japonica. Their chemical structures were established by 1D and 2D NMR techniques and mass spectrometry and by comparison with spectroscopic data reported. All ent-kauranoids were test for their cytotoxic effects against A549, HCT116, CCRF-CEM and HL-60 tumor cell lines. Compounds 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 10 and 12 showed potent and selective cytotoxicity...
March 12, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300703/highly-oxygenated-lanostane-type-triterpenoids-and-their-bioactivity-from-the-fruiting-body-of-ganoderma-gibbosum
#5
De-Bing Pu, Xi Zheng, Jun-Bo Gao, Xing-Jie Zhang, Yan Qi, Xiao-Si Li, Yong-Mei Wang, Xiao-Nian Li, Xiao-Li Li, Chun-Ping Wan, Wei-Lie Xiao
Eight new highly oxygenated lanostane triterpenes, gibbosic acids A-H (1-8), along with three known ones (9-11), were isolated from the fruiting body of Ganoderma gibbosum. The structures of new isolates were assigned by NMR and HRESIMS experiments. The absolute configurations of 1 were further confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction data and computational ECD methods. Immunoregulatory effect and anti-inflammatory activities of these compounds were screened in murine lymphocyte proliferation assay and in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW-264...
March 11, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300702/four-new-bi-2-2-phenylethyl-chromone-derivatives-of-agarwood-from-aquilaria-crassna
#6
Yang Yang, Wen-Li Mei, Fan-Dong Kong, Hui-Qin Chen, Wei Li, Zhi-Bao Chen, Hao-Fu Dai
Four new bi-2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone derivatives, crassins A-D (1-4), were isolated from the EtOAc extract of agarwood originating from Aquilaria crassna. The structures including the absolute configurations of compounds were unambiguously elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods (1D and 2D NMR, UV, ECD, IR, MS), and by comparison with the literature. The isolated compounds were tested for their acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities, as well as cytotoxic activities. All the compounds showed weak inhibitory activity against AChE, while compounds 3 and 4 also displayed weak cytotoxicity against human myeloid leukemia cell line (K562)...
March 11, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300700/five-new-koumine-type-alkaloids-from-the-roots-of-gelsemium-elegans
#7
Wei Zhang, Sheng-Yuan Zhang, Gui-Yang Wang, Ni-Ping Li, Min-Feng Chen, Ji-Hong Gu, Dong-Mei Zhang, Lei Wang, Wen-Cai Ye
Five new koumine-type alkaloids (1-5) along with six known ones were isolated from the roots of Gelsemium elegans. Their structures with absolute configurations were elucidated on the basis of NMR spectroscopy and electronic circular dichroism spectral analyses. The inhibitory effects of compounds 1-11 on the viability of three tumor cell lines (A-649, HepG2, and HuH7) were evaluated by the MTT assay.
March 11, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300698/antibacterial-screening-of-rumex-species-native-to-the-carpathian-basin-and-bioactivity-guided-isolation-of-compounds-from-rumex-aquaticus
#8
Orsolya Orbán-Gyapai, Erika Liktor-Busa, Norbert Kúsz, Dóra Stefkó, Edit Urbán, Judit Hohmann, Andrea Vasas
Plants belonging to the genus Rumex (family Polygonaceae) are used worldwide in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases caused by different microorganisms (e.g. bacteria-related dermatologic conditions, dysentery and enteritis). The present study focused on the antibacterial screening of Rumex species native to the Carpathian Basin, and isolation of compounds from one of the most efficient species, Rumex aquaticus. The antibacterial effects of n-hexane, chloroform and aqueous fractions of methanol extracts prepared from different parts of 14 Rumex species (R...
March 11, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288871/flavan-3-ols-and-proanthocyanidins-from-limonium-brasiliense-inhibit-the-adhesion-of-porphyromonas-gingivalis-to-epithelial-host-cells-by-interaction-with-gingipains
#9
Angelo de Oliveira Caleare, Andreas Hensel, João Carlos Palazzo Mello, Andressa Blainski Pinha, Gean Pier Panizzon, Matthias Lechtenberg, Frank Petereit, Celso Vataru Nakamura
Porphyromonas gingivalis is a pathogen strongly involved in chronic and aggressive forms of periodontitis. Natural products, mainly polyphenols, have been described for advanced treatment of periodontitis by inhibition of the bacterial adhesion of P. gingivalis to the epithelial host cells. An acetone:water extract (LBE) from the rhizomes of Limonium brasiliense (Boiss.) Kuntze was tested under in vitro conditions for potential antiadhesive effects against P. gingivalis to human KB cells and for inhibition of the proteolytic activity of gingipains, the main virulence factor of P...
March 11, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285947/eight-new-%C3%AE-lactam-alkaloids-from-the-roots-of-the-hemerocallis-minor-mill
#10
Yu Zhang, Xin-Cai Zhao, Yang-Guo Xie, Chao Fan, Ying-Ying Huang, Shi-Kai Yan, Yan Zhang, Hui-Zi Jin, Wei-Dong Zhang
Eight new γ-lactam alkaloids, hemerominors A-H (1-8), including two pair of epimers (1-4), together with six known compounds (9-14) were isolated from the roots of Hemerocallis minor Mill. The structures of 1-8 were established on the basis of extensive NMR studies and HR-MS measurements as well as comparison with literature data. The absolute configurations of 1-8 were determined by CD spectral analysis and modified Mosher's method. All of compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory effects against LPS-induced NO production in RAW264...
March 10, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237880/anti-inflammatory-2-2-phenylethyl-chromone-derivatives-from-chinese-agarwood
#11
Hui-Xia Huo, Yu-Fan Gu, Hui Sun, Yun-Feng Zhang, Wen-Jing Liu, Zhi-Xiang Zhu, She-Po Shi, Yue-Lin Song, Hong-Wei Jin, Yun-Fang Zhao, Peng-Fei Tu, Jun Li
Five new 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone derivatives (1-5), along with eleven known compounds (6-16) were isolated from Chinese agarwood. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data (NMR, UV, IR, and MS) analyses and comparison of their spectroscopic and physical data with the literature values. The absolute configurations of 2-4 were determined by electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compounds 2-4, 11, 12, and 15 exhibited significant inhibition of nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264...
February 24, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237881/new-cytotoxic-phloroglucinol-derivatives-from-agrimonia-pilosa
#12
Lan Tang, Lulu Fu, Chenghua Lu, Xiaorong Hou, Weiguang Shan, Zhajun Zhan
Three new phloroglucinol derivatives, namely agripinol A-C (1-3), were isolated from Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb, along with two known ones (4-5). Their structures were characterized by spectroscopic methods, including MS and NMR spectroscopic techniques. The absolute configurations of the new compounds were unambiguously established by single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. In the cytotoxicity assay, all compounds exhibited more potent cytotoxic activities against HCT-116, MDA-MB-231 and PC-3, as compared with the positive control fluorouracil...
February 22, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232217/sesquiterpenoids-from-the-cultured-mycelia-of-ganoderma-capense
#13
Zhen Tan, Jinlian Zhao, Jimei Liu, Min Zhang, Ridao Chen, Kebo Xie, Jungui Dai
Eleven new sesquiterpenoids, including eight cadinane-type sesquiterpenoids, Ganodermanol A-H (1-8), and three eudesmane-type sesquiterpenoids, Ganodermanol I-K (9-11), together with three known compounds (12-14), were isolated from the cultured mycelia of Ganoderma capense. Their structures and absolute configurations were identified through combined extensive spectroscopic analysis, circular dichroism (CD), and Mo2(AcO)4-induced CD. Compounds 4 and 9 exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity against the human cancer cell line HCT116 with IC50 values of 16...
February 21, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223069/evaluation-of-antibacterial-potential-and-toxicity-of-plant-volatile-compounds-using-new-broth-microdilution-volatilization-method-and-modified-mtt-assay
#14
Marketa Houdkova, Johana Rondevaldova, Ivo Doskocil, Ladislav Kokoska
With aim to develop effective proof-of-concept approach which can be used in a development of new preparations for the inhalation therapy, we designed a new screening method for simple and rapid simultaneous determination of antibacterial potential of plant volatiles in the liquid and the vapour phase at different concentrations. In addition, EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate) capmat™ as vapour barrier cover was used as reliable modification of thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay for cytotoxicity testing of volatiles on microtiter plates...
February 20, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219678/nortriterpenoids-from-the-stems-and-leaves-of-schisandra-viridis
#15
Ye Liu, Tian Tian, Heng-Yi Yu, Ming Zhou, Han-Li Ruan
An extensive phytochemical study on the stems and leaves of Schisandra viridis A. C. Smith led to the isolation of two novel highly oxygenated schinortriterpenoids, pre-schisanartanin P (1) and wuweizidilactone Q (2), together with four known ones (3-6). Their structures with absolute configurations were established on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic methods, including HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR analyses and ECD experiments. All isolates were evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxicities against HepG2, MCF-7 and HT-29 cancer cell lines, none of them showed significant activities...
February 17, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216250/biotransfomation-of-cyperenoic-acid-by-cunninghamella-elegans-as-3-2028-and-the-potent-anti-angiogenic-activities-of-its-metabolites
#16
Yu Chen, Jin-Long Tian, Jing-Shuai Wu, Tie-Min Sun, Li-Na Zhou, Shao-Jiang Song, Song You
Cyperenoic acid (1) is one of the major sesquiterpenes isolated from Croton crassifolius, which exhibited potent anti-angiogenic activity. Traditional structural modification of 1 is difficult to perform by chemical technology due to the remarkable stability of the patchoulane skeleton. In order to overcome chemical synthesis difficulties and obtain structurally diverse derivations, microbial transformation of 1 by using Cunninghamella elegans AS 3.2028 was studied for the first time. Five new hydroxylated products 2-6 were obtained...
February 16, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214554/c21-steroidal-glycosides-and-oligosaccharides-from-the-root-bark-of-periploca-sepium
#17
Xin-Yue Gu, Zhou-Wei Wu, Lun Wang, Fu Li, Bin Chen, Kai Yu, Ming-Kui Wang
Four new C21 steroidal glycosides (1-4), named perisepiumosides FI (1-4) together with six known steroidal glycosides (5-10) and four oligosaccharides (11-14), were isolated from the root bark of Periploca sepium. Their structures were characterized on the basis of 1D and 2D-NMR spectroscopic data as well as HR-ESI-MS analysis. The evaluation of inhibition activity against human A-549 and HepG2 cell lines indicated that compounds 2, 8, 10 and 13 showed different levels of cytotoxic activities with IC50 values ranging from 0...
February 16, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229940/new-phenylpropanoid-and-6h-dibenzo-b-d-pyran-6-one-derivatives-from-the-stems-of-dasymaschalon-rostratum
#18
Zhang-Xin Yu, Zhi-Gang Niu, Xiao-Bao Li, Cai-Juan Zheng, Xin-Ming Song, Guang-Ying Chen, Xiao-Ping Song, Chang-Ri Han, Shu-Xian Wu
Three new phenylpropanoid derivatives, dasymaroacid A (1), dasymaroesters B and C (2 and 3), and one new polyoxygenated 6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran-6-one derivative dasymarolactone D (4), together with seven known compounds (5-11), were isolated from the stems of Dasymaschalon rostratum Merr. Compounds 1 and 2 are unusual phenylpropanoid derivatives with a polymethyl substituted cyclopentene conjugated diketone as a substituent, and 3 is a unique cinnamic acid detective with a polymethyl substituted cyclohexene conjugated triketone as a substituent...
February 14, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229939/chenopodium-bonus-henricus-l-a-source-of-hepatoprotective-flavonoids
#19
Zlatina Kokanova-Nedialkova, Paraskev Nedialkov, Magdalena Kondeva-Burdina, Rumyana Simeonova, Virginia Tzankova, Denitsa Aluani
Three new flavonoid glycosides (7-9) named patuletin-3-O-(5″'-О-Е-feruloyl)-β-d-apiofuranosyl(1→2)[β-d-glucopyranosyl (1→6)]-β-d-glucopyranoside (7), spinacetin-3-O-(5″'-О-Е-feruloyl)-β-d-apiofuranosyl (1→2)[β-d-glucopyranosyl(1→6)]-β-d-glucopyranoside (8) and 6-methoxykaempferol-3-O-(5″'-О-Е-feruloyl)-β-d-apiofuranosyl(1→2)[β-d-glucopyranosyl (1→6)]-β-d-glucopyranoside (9) together with six known flavonoid glycosides of patuletin, spinacetin and 6-methoxykaempferol (1-6) were isolated from the aerial parts of C...
February 14, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229941/dual-high-resolution-inhibition-profiling-and-hplc-hrms-spe-nmr-analysis-for-identification-of-%C3%AE-glucosidase-and-radical-scavenging-inhibitors-in-solanum-americanum-mill
#20
Eder L Silva, Rita C Almeida-Lafetá, Ricardo M Borges, Dan Staerk
Solanum americanum is one of the most prominent species used to treat type 2 diabetes in Guatemala. In our ongoing efforts to find antidiabetic and antioxidative compounds from natural sources, an ethyl acetate extract of this medicinal herb was investigated using dual high-resolution α-glucosidase/radical scavenging inhibition profiling. The high-resolution biochromatograms obtained by this technique were used to target subsequent structural elucidation by HPLC-HRMS-SPE-NMR analysis towards the bioactive constituents...
February 13, 2017: Fitoterapia
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