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Australian Occupational Therapy Journal

Karen Arblaster, Lynette Mackenzie, Lynda Matthews, Karen Willis, Katherine Gill, Paula Hanlon, Rachael Laidler
BACKGROUND/AIM: Mental health reform in Australia emphasises recovery, partnership working and prioritises consumers' needs over professionals'. Occupational therapy students must develop capabilities for working in this way. Learning from consumers' lived experience of mental illness and recovery is considered critical to developing such capabilities and aligns with occupational therapy programme accreditation for consumer involvement in designing, delivering and evaluating curricula...
September 17, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Miia Rahja, Tracy Comans, Lindy Clemson, Maria Crotty, Kate Laver
BACKGROUND/AIM: Randomised trials have demonstrated that occupational therapy can delay functional decline, improve quality of life and increase leisure participation in people with dementia. However, surveys conducted with occupational therapists suggest that clinical practice does not reflect the type of intervention shown to be effective in research studies. Case note audits can be used to quantify practice and demonstrate how and where provision of care could improve without the potential bias associated with self-report...
September 6, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Mackenzi Pergolotti, Kemi M Doll, Emily O Fawaz, Bryce B Reeve
BACKGROUND/AIM: The original Possibilities for Activity Scale (PActS) examined the internalised societal pressures of older adults with cancer. Previous research found that scores from the original PActS scale were associated with participation in meaningful activity. Women of working age may have different societal pressures than older adults, which could impact their quality of life. Our aims were to (i) adapt the scale specifically for women, (ii) test convergent and structural validity and (iii) test internal consistency reliability...
September 4, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Nicole E Andrews, Jenny Strong, Pamela J Meredith, Grace S Branjerdporn
BACKGROUND/AIM: Activity pacing is one of the most widely endorsed interventions used by occupational therapists to assist clients to manage chronic pain conditions. It targets two behaviours that are thought to be maladaptive: activity avoidance and overactivity (activity engagement that severely aggravates pain). However, in more recent years, the potential for activity pacing to negatively impact activity participation has been recognised which deters habitually overactive individuals from adopting the self-management strategy...
September 4, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Tammy Aplin, Elizabeth Ainsworth
BACKGROUND/AIM: The use of standardised measures in home modification practice is rare, in part due to a lack of suitable tools. One promising outcome measure designed for home modification practice is the In-Home Occupational Performance Evaluation (I-HOPE). This study aimed to investigate the clinical utility of the I-HOPE for major home modification practice in Australia. METHODS: The I-HOPE was trialled in one major home modification service by five occupational therapists who participated in two focus groups...
September 4, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Susan Taylor, Sonya Girdler, Richard Parsons, Belinda McLean, Torbjorn Falkmer, Leeanne Carey, Eve Blair, Catherine Elliott
BACKGROUND/AIM: The functional Tactile Object Recognition Test (fTORT) is a measure of haptic object recognition capacity recently adapted for use with children with neurological impairment. The current study aimed to investigate preliminary evidence of construct validity and responsiveness of the fTORT and its association with a measure of upper limb activity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 28 children with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP) (mean age 10 years 8 months; SD two years four months; 16 male) and 39 typically developing (TD) children (mean age 11 years; SD two years nine months; 19 male) was utilised to investigate construct validity and association between measures...
September 4, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Claudine Auger, Paula W Rushton, Jeffrey W Jutai, William C Miller
BACKGROUND/AIM: The Assistive Technology Outcome Profile for Mobility (ATOP/M) was designed to isolate the impact of mobility assistive technology on perceived difficulty with activity and participation. The study objectives were to examine its measurement properties (test-retest reliability and convergent validity) and applicability for middle-aged and older power wheelchair (PWC) users. METHODS: Four ATOP/M subscales were administered using computer adaptive testing (activity with mobility device, activity without mobility device, participation with mobility device, participation without mobility device)...
September 4, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Christine Imms, Elspeth Froude, Eli Mang Ye Chu, Loretta Sheppard, Susan Darzins, Stephen Guinea, Elena Gospodarevskaya, Rob Carter, Mark A Symmons, Merrolee Penman, Kelli Nicola-Richmond, Susan Gilbert Hunt, Nigel Gribble, Samantha Ashby, Erin Mathieu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Professional practise placements in occupational therapy education are critical to ensuring graduate competence. Australian occupational therapy accreditation standards allow up to 200 of a mandated 1000 placement hours to include simulation-based learning. There is, however, minimal evidence about the effectiveness of simulation-based placements compared to traditional placements in occupational therapy. We evaluated whether occupational therapy students completing a 40 hour (one week block) Simulated Clinical Placement (SCP) attained non-inferior learning outcomes to students attending a 40 hour Traditional Clinical Placement (TCP)...
August 31, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Linda Barclay, Primrose Lentin, Helen Bourke-Taylor, Rachael McDonald
BACKGROUND/AIM: Incidence of non-traumatic spinal cord injury in Australia is increasing, which will result in more occupational therapists being involved in the rehabilitation of this group in the future. The profile of people with non-traumatic spinal cord injury differs from people with traumatically acquired spinal cord injuries, and their long-term health and well-being outcomes are not known. The aim of this study was to explore the experience of returning to social and community participation following non-traumatic spinal cord injury...
August 29, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Nienke Nakken, Martijn A Spruit, Esther H A van den Bogaart, Rik Crutzen, Jean W M Muris, Emiel F M Wouters, Daisy J A Janssen
BACKGROUND/AIM: Proxies of patients with COPD are often unable to identify the patients' most important problematic activities of daily life (ADLs). The aim was to explore causes of perceptual differences between patients with COPD and their proxies about the problematic ADLs of the patient. METHODS: Ten open structured interviews were conducted in the presence of both the patient and proxy. Patients' five most important problematic ADLs identified by the couple were compared and discussed...
August 29, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Samantha Burley, Ruth Cox, Amelia Di Tommaso, Matthew Molineux
BACKGROUND/AIM: Primary contact models of care are an emerging area of occupational therapy practice that aim to respond to the changing health-care landscape. There is a dearth of literature exploring an occupational perspective in primary contact roles, and literature in the broader scope of hand therapy has recognised that occupational therapists' practice often aligns with the biomedical worldview. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the practice of occupational therapists within Primary Contact Occupational Therapy Hand (PCOTH) Clinics from an occupational perspective...
August 22, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Tore Bonsaksen, Milada C Småstuen, Mikkel M Thørrisen, Kenneth Fong, Hua Beng Lim, Ted Brown
BACKGROUND/AIM: The Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST) has been used previously to assess the learning approaches among students in higher education, but reports of its use with occupational therapy students are rare. This study investigated the factor structure of the ASSIST in a cross-cultural sample of undergraduate occupational therapy students, and examined whether the factor structure from specific participant groups from different cross-cultural contexts was consistent...
July 31, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Helen Devery, Justin Newton Scanlan, Jessica Ross
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists employed within eating disorder services provide unique and valuable interventions. However, existing literature suggests that occupational therapists in this area may be at substantial risk of experiencing poor work-related wellbeing (e.g., high levels of burnout and low levels of job satisfaction). Despite these risks, no previous studies have explored the work-related experiences of occupational therapists in this specialist area of practice. OBJECTIVES: To explore challenges faced by occupational therapists working in eating disorders, their sense of professional identity, burnout and job satisfaction...
July 17, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Claudia R Cutler, Anita L Hamilton, Emma Hough, Cheyenne M Baines, Ross A Clark
BACKGROUND/AIM: Pinch and grip strength assessment is commonly performed in occupational therapy practice. However, the typically utilised methods are limited to pinch or grip dynamometers and do not readily translate to handling everyday objects. With the advent of consumer-grade 3D printing and low-cost sensor systems, the possibilities for creating customised assessment devices are expanding. As a first step in determining the validity of low-cost sensor systems, their data must be compared to a gold standard...
July 3, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Brittany N Hand, Craig A Velozo, James S Krause
BACKGROUND/AIM: Up to 60% of individuals report chronic pain after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Measurement of the degree to which pain interferes with activities and emotions can provide valuable clinical insights with implications for pain management interventions. One questionnaire that can be used to quantify the impact of pain is the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) interference scale, a seven-item self-report assessment. Our objective was to examine the Rasch measurement properties of the BPI interference scale for measuring pain interference in persons with SCI...
July 2, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Kate Laver, Ted Brown, Reinie Cordier, Natasha A Lannin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Stacey George, Claire Gough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Kate Laver, Sarah Wilkes-Gillan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Owen Howlett, Carol McKinstry, Natasha A Lannin
BACKGROUND/AIM: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) improves active movement of the hemiplegic upper and lower limbs following stroke. The use of FES by Australian allied health clinicians in stroke rehabilitation is, however, unknown. The purpose of this study was to understand the use of FES in clinical practice. Reasons for the use of FES and potential variables that influence decision-making were also investigated. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of Victorian allied health clinicians, using a snowball recruitment method...
August 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
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