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Australian Occupational Therapy Journal

Janet Frith, Helen Warren-Forward, Isobel Hubbard, Carole James
BACKGROUND/AIM: In Australia, all stroke survivors should not drive for four weeks and transient ischaemic attack (TIA) survivors should not drive for two weeks. This study investigates the provision of return-to-driving education in the acute hospital setting and the use of this education by a cohort of Australian patients who have experienced a mild stroke or TIA and who are discharged directly home from their acute hospital admission. METHODS: A medical record audit was conducted of stroke patients discharged home from a regional hospital in Australia...
February 16, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Monique West, Glenn Melvin, Francis McNamara, Michael Gordon
BACKGROUND/AIM: The introduction of sensory rooms within acute psychiatric settings provides a therapeutic space that promotes emotional self-regulation and reduces distress and disruptive behaviours. The current research investigated the clinical benefit of a sensory room within an adolescent psychiatric unit. It examined whether guided sensory room use can reduce distress for adolescents and identified characteristics of sensory room users. Seclusion rates 12 months pre- and post-sensory room introduction were compared...
January 31, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Claire Stewart, Annie McCluskey, Louise Ada, Suzanne Kuys
BACKGROUND/AIM: Improved motor performance is related to the amount of practice completed after a stroke. Australian guidelines recommend that at least one hour of active practice should be completed per day. Yet active practice levels remain low. The aims of this scoping review were to describe how extra practice at the activity level is structured for stroke survivors, and explore the feasibility of participants completing extra practice. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of five electronic databases up to August 2015...
January 10, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Alma M Dender, Karen E Stagnitti
BACKGROUND/AIM: Culturally relevant assessments of Australian Indigenous children's social pretend play do not exist. This study investigated the content validity and cultural validity of the Indigenous Play Partner Scale (I-PPS). METHODS: Six pairs of children (i.e. 12 children) aged four-six years from a remote Australian town were videoed playing in pairs, and 14 community elders and mothers participated across three focus groups. The social interactions between the children were transcribed from the videos...
January 8, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
David Pérez-Cruzado, Jose Antonio Merchán-Baeza, Manuel González-Sánchez, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas
BACKGROUND/AIM: Stroke is a leading cause of disability in developed countries. One of the most widespread techniques in clinical practice is mirror therapy (MT). To determine the effectiveness of MT over other methods of intervention in the recovery of upper limb function in people who have had a stroke. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted. The search string was established based on the last systematic review about MT that dated from 2009: "upper extremity" OR "upper limb "AND "mirror therapy" AND stroke...
December 29, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Libby Callaway, Joanne Enticott, Louise Farnworth, Rachael McDonald, Christine Migliorini, Barry Willer
BACKGROUND/AIM: Australia's National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) is designed to influence home, social and economic participation for Scheme participants. Given the major disability reform underway, this pilot study aimed to: (i) examine community integration outcomes of people with spinal cord injury (SCI); (ii) compare findings with multiple matched controls and (iii) consider findings within the context of Australia's NDIS. METHODS: Setting: Victoria, Australia...
December 27, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Jenny Strong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Anne Cusick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Tammy Hoffmann, Sally Eames
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Stacey George, Louise Gustafsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Kate Laver, Robert Cumming, Suzanne Dyer, Meera Agar, Kaarin J Anstey, Elizabeth Beattie, Henry Brodaty, Tony Broe, Lindy Clemson, Maria Crotty, Margaret Dietz, Brian Draper, Leon Flicker, Meg Friel, Louise Heuzenroeder, Susan Koch, Sue Kurrle, Rhonda Nay, Dimity Pond, Jane Thompson, Yvonne Santalucia, Craig Whitehead, Mark Yates
BACKGROUND/AIM: The first evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines and Principles of Care for People with Dementia in Australia have been released. The Guidelines detail a number of important evidence-based recommendations for occupational therapists. The aim of this paper is (1) to provide an overview of Guideline development, and (2) to describe the evidence supporting a recommendation for occupational therapy. Common characteristics of effective occupational therapy programmes for people with dementia are described...
February 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Robyn Doney, Barbara R Lucas, Tracy Jirikowic, Tracey W Tsang, Rochelle E Watkins, Kay Sauer, Peter Howat, Jane Latimer, James P Fitzpatrick, June Oscar, Maureen Carter, Elizabeth J Elliott
BACKGROUND/AIM: Few studies have examined graphomotor skills in children with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) or fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). METHODS: Graphomotor skills were assessed in 108 predominantly Australian Aboriginal children aged 7.5-9.6 years in remote Western Australia using clinical observations (pencil grasp; writing pressure) and standardised assessment tools (the Evaluation Tool of Children's Handwriting; and the Miller Function and Participation Scales - The Draw-a-Kid Game)...
February 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Kathrine Hammill, Rosalind Bye, Catherine Cook
BACKGROUND/AIM: The role played by Australian occupational therapists with clients living with terminal illness has recently been highlighted in the Occupational Therapy Australia () position paper on palliative care. To date, little evidence exists about the work profile of these therapists, the type of clients seen, their practice settings and how long therapists are planning to remain in this clinical role. This paper presents results from a national survey of Australian occupational therapists working with people who are terminally ill...
February 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
James R Gooden, Jennie L Ponsford, Judith L Charlton, Pamela E Ross, Shawn Marshall, Sylvain Gagnon, Michel Bédard, Renerus J Stolwyk
AIM: The aim of this study was to develop and provide initial validation data for a self-awareness of on-road driving ability measure for individuals with brain injury. METHOD: Thirty-nine individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury completed an on-road driving assessment, the Self-Regulation Skills Interview (SRSI) and the newly developed Brain Injury Driving Self-Awareness Measure (BIDSAM). RESULTS: BIDSAM self, clinician and discrepancy scales demonstrated high levels of internal consistency (α = 0...
February 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Lisa Gardener, Helen Bourke-Taylor, Jenny Ziviani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Ling-Yi Lin, Rong-Ju Cherng, Yung-Jung Chen
BACKGROUND/AIM: Participation in physical activity is an important health concern for children in most Western communities, but little is known about Asian children's participation. The purpose of this study was to extend the current knowledge on how much time preschool children in Taiwan spend on physical activity, to examine its relationship with gross motor performance and to provide information on the establishment of physical activity guidelines for preschool children in Taiwan. METHODS: Two hundred and sixty-four children between 36 and 71 months old were recruited from a university medical centre and from preschools in Taiwan...
February 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Kylee J Lockwood, Nicholas F Taylor, Jude N Boyd, Katherine E Harding
BACKGROUND/AIM: Home visits by occupational therapists are a routine part of practice, but there remains little understanding about factors that are associated with the decision to complete a home visit. The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of pre-discharge home visits by occupational therapists for patients following hip fracture and explore factors associated with their occurrence. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including 293 patients admitted to a metropolitan health service following hip fracture...
February 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Reinie Cordier, Natalie Munro, Sarah Wilkes-Gillan, Lydia Ling, Kimberley Docking, Wendy Pearce
BACKGROUND/AIM: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often present with pragmatic language deficits and difficulties with peer-peer friendships. Parents and typically developing peers (TDPs) may be able to assist via parent and peer-mediated intervention approaches when adequately supported by trained adult facilitators. This study investigated whether a parent-delivered play-based intervention supported by occupational therapists and speech language pathologists was feasible and improved the pragmatic language skills of children with ADHD and their TDPs...
February 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Samantha Ashby, Mel Gray, Susan Ryan, Carole James
BACKGROUND: While legitimate practice tools have been the subject of debate within the profession, little attention has been paid to psychological frames of reference (PFsOR). Hence, this article explores the ways psychological theories and therapies shape occupation-based practice in mental health settings. METHODOLOGY: Narrative inquiry methods and thematic analysis were used to explore the career stories of nine occupational therapists who had worked in mental health practice for more than five years...
February 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Mandy Stanley, Ashley Richard, Shoshannah Williams
BACKGROUND: Large amounts of time spent alone by older people have been associated with loneliness and poor mental and physical health. There is a paucity of research, however, that examines time alone from an occupational perspective. In this exploratory study we explored the perspectives of older people on their time spent alone. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study design was selected. With the aim of maximising variation, five participants were recruited from retirement villages and seven participants who lived independently in the community...
December 14, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
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