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Arquivos de Gastroenterologia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079246/is-total-lymphocyte-count-related-to-nutritional-markers-in-hospitalized-older-adults
#1
Vânia Aparecida Leandro-Merhi, Vitória Negri Bráz, José Luis Braga de Aquino
BACKGROUND: - Older patients are commonly malnourished during hospital stay, and a high prevalence of malnutrition is found in hospitalized patients aged more than 65 years. OBJECTIVE: - To investigate whether total lymphocyte count is related to other nutritional markers in hospitalized older adults. METHODS: - Hospitalized older adults (N=131) were recruited for a cross-sectional study. Their nutritional status was assessed by the Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS), anthropometry, and total lymphocyte count...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079245/gastric-and-jejunal-histopathological-changes-in-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery
#2
Rosemary Simões Nomelini Rodrigues, Élia Cláudia de Souza Almeida, Júverson Alves Terra, Lucinda Calheiros Guimarães, Ana Cristina da Rocha Duque, Renata Margarida Etchebehere
BACKGROUND: - Morbid obesity is a multifactorial disease that is increasingly treated by surgery. OBJECTIVE: - To evaluate gastric histopathological changes in obese, and to compare with patients who underwent gastrojejunal bypass and the jejunal mucosa after the surgery. METHODS: - This is an observational study performed at a tertiary public hospital, evaluating endoscopic biopsies from 36 preoperative patients and 35 postoperative. RESULTS: - In the preoperative group, 80...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079244/preoperative-multidisciplinary-program-for-bariatric-surgery-a-proposal-for-the-brazilian-public-health-system
#3
Elinton Adami Chaim, José Carlos Pareja, Martinho Antonio Gestic, Murillo Pimentel Utrini, Everton Cazzo
BACKGROUND: - Bariatric surgery has become the gold standard treatment for morbid obesity, but access to surgery remains difficult and low compliance to postoperative follow-up is common. To improve outcomes, enable access and optimize follow-up, we developed a multidisciplinary preoperative approach for bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: - To determine the impact of this program in the outcomes of bariatric surgery in the Brazilian public health system. METHODS: - A prospective evaluation of the individuals who underwent a preoperative multidisciplinary program for bariatric surgery and comparison of their surgical outcomes with those observed in the prospectively collected historical database of the individuals who underwent surgery before the beginning of the program...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079243/serum-levels-of-vitamin-a-visual-function-and-ocular-surface-after-bariatric-surgery
#4
Luana Paula Nogueira de Araújo Brandão, Lucio Vilar, Bernardo Menelau Cavalcanti, Pedro Henrique Amorim Brandão, Tiago Eugênio Faria E Arantes, Josemberg Marins Campos
BACKGROUND: - Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity, but the surgery increases the risk of developing nutritional deficiencies, such as vitamin A deficiency. In human metabolism, vitamin A plays a role in vision. OBJECTIVE: - To evaluate serum vitamin A, visual function and ocular surface of patients undergoing bariatric surgery. METHODS: - A cross-sectional and analytical study was conduced with 28 patients undergoing bariatric surgery for at least 6 months...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079242/application-of-baros-questionnaire-in-obese-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-with-2-years-of-evolution
#5
Caetano de Queiroz, José Afonso Sallet, Pedro Gabriel Melo DE Barros E Silva, Luzia da Gloria Pereira de Sousa Queiroz, Jélis Arenas Pimentel, Paulo Clemente Sallet
BACKGROUND: -In recent decades, the high prevalence of obesity in the general population has brought serious concerns in terms of public health. Contrarily to conventional treatment involving dieting and physical exercising, often ineffective in generating long term results, bariatric opera-tions have been an effective method for sustained weight loss in morbidly obese individuals. The Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS) is an objective and recognized system in the overall evaluation of results after bariatric surgery...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079241/is-there-an-association-between-vitamin-d-and-liver-fibrosis-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#6
Kalinca da Silva Oliveira, Caroline Buss, Cristiane Valle Tovo
BACKGROUND: - Vitamin D is known for its immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic properties, which are quite relevant in the pathogenesis and treatment of many causes of chronic liver disease. OBJECTIVE: - This study aimed to evaluate the association between serum vitamin D levels and the histopathological findings in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection. METHODS: - Cross-sectional study composed of patients with chronic hepatitis C...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079240/new-index-for-the-diagnosis-of-liver-fibrosis-in-schistosomiasis-mansoni
#7
Ana Virgínia Matos Sá Barreto, Vinícius Martins Alecrim, Tibério Batista de Medeiros, Ana Lúcia Coutinho Domingues, Edmundo Pessoa Lopes, João Roberto Maciel Martins, Helena Bonciani Nader, George Tadeu Nunes Diniz, Silvia Maria Lucena Montenegro, Clarice Neuenschwander Lins de Morais
BACKGROUND: - Periportal fibrosis is the major pathological consequence of the Schistosoma mansoni infection. OBJECTIVE: - To evaluate the accuracy of serum markers and to construct an index to assess fibrosis. METHODS: - Patients (n=116) with schistosomiasis were evaluated by ultrasound scan and measurements of serum levels of aminotransferases, γ-glutamyl transferase, alkaline phosphatase, hyaluronic acid, cytokines and platelets. Ultrasound images were used to evaluate the fibrosis using Niamey's classification and identified 19 patients without periportal fibrosis (patterns A and B), 48 with mild to moderate fibrosis (C and D) and 49 with advanced fibrosis (E and F)...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079239/prevalence-of-dyspeptic-symptoms-and-heartburn-of-adults-in-belo-horizonte-brazil
#8
Alessandra Maciel Almeida, Luísa Alvarenga Guerra Martins, Patrícia Liz Terenzi Cunha, Viviane Willig Brasil, Lucas Galuppo Fernandes Félix, Maria do Carmo Friche Passos
BACKGROUND: - Medical literature has shown dyspepsia and heartburn-related symptoms occur among 15% to 40% of the population. These symptoms can occur at any age and are more prevalent in women. OBJECTIVE: - Investigate the prevalence of dyspeptic symptoms and heartburn among individuals over 18. METHODS: - Individuals over 18 were randomly selected in public venues in Belo Horizonte/MG to participate. A standardized questionnaire that included questions related to social-demographic characteristics, eating habits, digestive symptoms, medical appointments, medications, exams, previous surgeries and comorbidities was applied...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079238/human-leukocyte-antigen-hladrb1-determinants-susceptibility-to-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#9
Batool Mutar Mahdi, Riyadh Mohamad Hasan, Wafaa Hazim Salih
BACKGROUND: - Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is characterized by diverse symptoms. There is an evidence for a genetic component to GERD as supported by familial aggregation of this disease. OBJECTIVE: - To investigate whether certain human leucocyte antigen genes HLA-DRB1 are associated with GERD. METHODS: - Patients and controls were prospectively recruited from GIT center at Al-Kindy Teaching Hospital (Baghdad-Iraq) between January 2014 and July 2016...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079237/celiac-disease-prevalence-is-not-increased-in-patients-with-functional-dyspepsia
#10
Juan Lasa, Liliana Spallone, Silvina Gandara, Elsa Chaar, Saul Berman, David Zagalsky
BACKGROUND: - Previous evidence trying to assess the risk of celiac disease among dyspeptic patients has been inconclusive, showing in some cases notorious discrepancies. OBJECTIVE: - To determine the prevalence of celiac disease in patients with dyspepsia compared to healthy controls without dyspepsia. METHODS: - Adult patients under evaluation for dyspepsia were invited to participate. These patients were offered an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with duodenal biopsies...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079236/residual-gastric-volume-evaluation-with-ultrasonography-after-ingestion-of-carbohydrate-or-carbohydrate-plus-glutamine-enriched-beverages-a-randomized-crossover-clinical-trial-with-healthy-volunteers
#11
Paulo Cesar Gomes, Cervantes Caporossi, Jose Eduardo Aguilar-Nascimento, Ageo Mario Candido da Silva, Viviane Maeve Tavares de Araujo
BACKGROUND: - Abbreviation of preoperative fasting to 2 hours with maltodextrin (CHO)-enriched beverage is a safe procedure and may enhance postoperative recovery. Addition of glutamine (GLN) to CHO beverages may include potential benefits to the metabolism. However, by adding a nitrogenous source to CHO beverages, gastric emptying may be delayed and increase the risk of bronchoaspiration during anesthesia. OBJECTIVE: - In this study of safety, we aimed at investigating the residual gastric volume (RGV) 2 hours after the intake of either CHO beverage alone or CHO beverage combined with GLN...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079235/quality-of-life-in-swallowing-of-the-elderly-patients-affected-by-stroke
#12
Émerson Soares Pontes, Ana Karênina de Freitas Jordão do Amaral, Flávia Luiza Costa do Rêgo, Elma Heitmann Mares Azevedo, Priscila Oliveira Costa Silva
BACKGROUND: - The elderly population faces many difficulties as a result of the aging process. Conceptualize and evaluate their life quality is a challenge, being hard to characterize the impact on daily activities and on functional capacity. The stroke is one of the most disabling neurological diseases, becoming a public health problem. As an aggravating result, there is dysphagia, a disorder that compromises the progression of the food from the mouth to the stomach, causing clinical complications to the individual...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079234/evaluation-of-endoscopic-secondary-prophylaxis-in-children-and-adolescents-with-esophageal-varices
#13
Júlio Rocha Pimenta, Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira, Eleonora Druve Tavares Fagundes, Paulo Fernando Souto Bittencourt, Alice Mendes Moura, Simone Diniz Carvalho
BACKGROUND: - Bleeding of esophageal varices is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in children and adults with portal hypertension and there are few studies involving secondary prophylaxis in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: - To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic secondary prophylaxis in prevention of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in children and adolescents with esophageal varices. METHODS: - This is a prospective analysis of 85 patients less than 18 years of age with or without cirrhosis, with portal hypertension...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079233/suspected-blood-indicator-in-capsule-endoscopy-a-valuable-tool-for-gastrointestinal-bleeding-diagnosis
#14
Pedro Boal Carvalho, Joana Magalhães, Francisca Dias DE Castro, Sara Monteiro, Bruno Rosa, Maria João Moreira, José Cotter
BACKGROUND: Small bowel bleeding is a leading indication for small bowel capsule endoscopy. The Suspected Blood Indicator (SBI) is a software feature directed to automatically detect bleeding lesions during small bowel capsule endoscopy. OBJECTIVE: - We aimed to assess SBI diagnostic accuracy for small bowel haemorrhage or potentially bleeding lesions during small bowel capsule endoscopy for small bowel bleeding. Methods - Single-centre retrospective study including 281 consecutive small bowel capsule endoscopy performed for small bowel bleeding during 6 years...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079232/predictive-features-for-histology-of-gastric-subepithelial-lesions
#15
Ricardo Teles Schulz, Lizandra Castilho Fabio, Matheus Cavalcante Franco, Sheila A Siqueira, Paulo Sakai, Fauze Maluf-Filho
BACKGROUND: - Gastric subepithelial lesion is a relatively common diagnosis after routine upper endoscopy. The diagnostic workup of an undetermined gastric subepithelial lesion should take into consideration clinical and endoscopic features. OBJECTIVE: - We aimed to investigate the association between patients' characteristics, endoscopic and echographic features with the histologic diagnosis of the gastric subepithelial lesions. METHODS: - This is a retrospective study with 55 patients, who were consecutively diagnosed with gastric subepithelial lesions, from October 2008 to August 2011...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079231/primary-neuroendocrine-neoplasm-of-the-esophagus-report-of-14-cases-from-a-single-institute-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Francisco Tustumi, Flavio Roberto Takeda, Rodrigo Hideki Uema, Guilherme Luiz Stelko Pereira, Rubens Antonio Aissar Sallum, Ivan Cecconello
BACKGROUND: Most prevalent esophageal neoplasm is squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Other tumors are uncommon and poorly studied. Primary neuroendocrine esophageal neoplasm is a rare carcinoma and most of its therapy management is based on lung neuroendocrine studies. Neuroendocrine tumors can be clustered in the following subtypes: high grade (small cell carcinoma or large cell carcinoma) and low grade (carcinoids). OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to assess clinical and pathological neuroendocrine esophageal tumors in a single oncologic center...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079230/-doctor-of-men-and-souls
#17
EDITORIAL
Ricardo Guilherme Viebig, Fernando Pardini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706461/erratum
#18
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/S0004-28032016000300001].
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706460/alteration-of-taste-buds-in-experimental-cirrhosis-is-there-correlation-with-human-hypogeusia
#19
Sabrina Alves Fernandes, Silvia Bona, Carlos Thadeu Schmidt Cerski, Norma Possa Marroni, Claudio Augusto Marroni
Background: The inherent complications of cirrhosis include protein-calorie malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies.Changes in taste are detrimental to the nutritional status, and the mechanism to explain these changes is not well documented in the cirrhotic patients. Objective: To evaluate the taste buds of cirrhotic rats. Methods: Fourteen male Wistar rats were evaluated. After 16 weeks, the liver was removed to histologically diagnose cirrhosis, and blood was collected to perform liver integrity tests...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706459/long-term-postoperative-endoscopic-findings-after-gastric-bypass-procedure-a-co-occurrence-analysis
#20
Luiz Gustavo de Quadros, Roberto Luiz Kaiser, Manoel Dos Passos Galvão, Josemberg Marins Campos, Marcelo Falcão de Santana, Alvaro Antonio Bandeira Ferraz
Background: A multitude of endoscopic findings post-gastric bypass procedures have been previously reported in the literature, but to our knowledge, no present rules exist that could guide clinicians regarding which findings should be actively sought, once an initial finding is identified. Objective: To identify co-occurrence patterns among endoscopic findings of patients having undergone past gastric bypass procedure. Methods: Our registry involves all consecutive patients undergoing an upper endoscopic evaluation after a gastric bypass procedure...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
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