journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

American Economic Review

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784907/health-care-exceptionalism-performance-and-allocation-in-the-us-health-care-sector
#1
Amitabh Chandra, Amy Finkelstein, Adam Sacarny, Chad Syverson
The conventional wisdom for the healthcare sector is that idiosyncratic features leave little scope for market forces to allocate consumers to higher performance producers. However, we find robust evidence - across several different conditions and performance measures - that higher quality hospitals have higher market shares and grow more over time. The relationship between performance and allocation is stronger among patients who have greater scope for hospital choice, suggesting that patient demand plays an important role in allocation...
August 2016: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239058/patents-and-research-investments-assessing-the-empirical-evidence
#2
Eric Budish, Benjamin N Roin, Heidi L Williams
A well-developed theoretical literature - dating back at least to Nordhaus (1969) - has analyzed optimal patent policy design. We re-present the core trade-off of the Nordhaus model and highlight an empirical question which emerges from the Nordhaus framework as a key input into optimal patent policy design: namely, what is the elasticity of R&D investment with respect to the patent term? We then review the - surprisingly small - body of empirical evidence that has been developed on this question over the nearly half century since the publication of Nordhaus's book...
May 2016: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231399/stem-training-and-early-career-outcomes-of-female-and-male-graduate-students-evidence-from-umetrics-data-linked-to-the-2010-census
#3
Catherine Buffington, Benjamin Cerf Harris, Christina Jones, Bruce A Weinberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26523067/education-hiv-and-early-fertility-experimental-evidence-from-kenya
#4
Esther Duflo, Pascaline Dupas, Michael Kremer
A seven-year randomized evaluation suggests education subsidies reduce adolescent girls' dropout, pregnancy, and marriage but not sexually transmitted infection (STI). The government's HIV curriculum, which stresses abstinence until marriage, does not reduce pregnancy or STI. Both programs combined reduce STI more, but cut dropout and pregnancy less, than education subsidies alone. These results are inconsistent with a model of schooling and sexual behavior in which both pregnancy and STI are determined by one factor (unprotected sex), but consistent with a two-factor model in which choices between committed and casual relationships also affect these outcomes...
September 2015: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26345455/do-firms-underinvest-in-long-term-research-evidence-from-cancer-clinical-trials
#5
Eric Budish, Benjamin N Roin, Heidi Williams
We investigate whether private research investments are distorted away from long-term projects. Our theoretical model highlights two potential sources of this distortion: short-termism and the fixed patent term. Our empirical context is cancer research, where clinical trials - and hence, project durations - are shorter for late-stage cancer treatments relative to early-stage treatments or cancer prevention. Using newly constructed data, we document several sources of evidence that together show private research investments are distorted away from long-term projects...
July 2015: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453582/why-don-t-present-biased-agents-make-commitments
#6
David Laibson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199498/prediction-policy-problems
#7
Jon Kleinberg, Jens Ludwig, Sendhil Mullainathan, Ziad Obermeyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26705367/gary-becker-model-economic-scientist
#8
James J Heckman
This paper presents Gary Becker's approach to conducting creative, empirically fruitful economic research. It describes the traits and methodology that made him such a productive and influential scholar.
May 2015: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26306049/disability-insurance-and-the-great-recession
#9
Nicole Maestas, Kathleen J Mullen, Alexander Strand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26190855/liquidity-in-retirement-savings-systems-an-international-comparison
#10
John Beshears, James J Choi, Joshua Hurwitz, David Laibson, Brigitte C Madrian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25999599/the-war-on-poverty-s-experiment-in-public-medicine-community-health-centers-and-the-mortality-of-older-americans
#11
Martha J Bailey, Andrew Goodman-Bacon
This paper uses the rollout of the first Community Health Centers (CHCs) to study the longer-term health effects of increasing access to primary care. Within ten years, CHCs are associated with a reduction in age-adjusted mortality rates of 2 percent among those 50 and older. The implied 7 to 13 percent decrease in one-year mortality risk among beneficiaries amounts to 20 to 40 percent of the 1966 poor/non-poor mortality gap for this age group. Large effects for those 65 and older suggest that increased access to primary care has longer-term benefits, even for populations with near universal health insurance...
March 2015: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25914412/adverse-selection-and-an-individual-mandate-when-theory-meets-practice
#12
Martin B Hackmann, Jonathan T Kolstad, Amanda E Kowalski
We develop a model of selection that incorporates a key element of recent health reforms: an individual mandate. Using data from Massachusetts, we estimate the parameters of the model. In the individual market for health insurance, we find that premiums and average costs decreased significantly in response to the individual mandate. We find an annual welfare gain of 4.1% per person or $51.1 million annually in Massachusetts as a result of the reduction in adverse selection. We also find smaller post-reform markups...
March 2015: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134284/environmental-health-risks-and-housing-values-evidence-from-1-600-toxic-plant-openings-and-closings
#13
Janet Currie, Lucas Davis, Michael Greenstone, Reed Walker
Regulatory oversight of toxic emissions from industrial plants and understanding about these emissions' impacts are in their infancy. Applying a research design based on the openings and closings of 1,600 industrial plants to rich data on housing markets and infant health, we find that: toxic air emissions affect air quality only within 1 mile of the plant; plant openings lead to 11 percent declines in housing values within 0.5 mile or a loss of about $4.25 million for these households; and a plant's operation is associated with a roughly 3 percent increase in the probability of low birthweight within 1 mile...
February 2015: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26345146/the-impact-of-the-great-migration-on-mortality-of-african-americans-evidence-from-the-deep-south
#14
Dan A Black, Seth G Sanders, Evan J Taylor, Lowell J Taylor
: The Great Migration-the massive migration of African Americans out of the rural South to largely urban locations in the North, Midwest, and West-was a landmark event in U.S. HISTORY: Our paper shows that this migration increased mortality of African Americans born in the early twentieth century South. This inference comes from an analysis that uses proximity of birthplace to railroad lines as an instrument for migration.
February 2015: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25404759/can-marginal-rates-of-substitution-be-inferred-from-happiness-data-evidence-from-residency-choices
#15
Daniel J Benjamin, Ori Heffetz, Miles S Kimball, Alex Rees-Jones
We survey 561 students from U.S. medical schools shortly after they submit choice rankings over residencies to the National Resident Matching Program. We elicit (a) these choice rankings, (b) anticipated subjective well-being (SWB) rankings, and (c) expected features of the residencies (such as prestige). We find substantial differences between choice and anticipated-SWB rankings in the implied tradeoffs between residency features. In our data, evaluative SWB measures (life satisfaction and Cantril's ladder) imply tradeoffs closer to choice than does affective happiness (even time-integrated), and as close as do multi-measure SWB indices...
November 2014: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25404760/beyond-happiness-and-satisfaction-toward-well-being-indices-based-on-stated-preference
#16
Daniel J Benjamin, Miles S Kimball, Ori Heffetz, Nichole Szembrot
This paper proposes foundations and a methodology for survey-based tracking of well-being. First, we develop a theory in which utility depends on "fundamental aspects" of well-being, measurable with surveys. Second, drawing from psychologists, philosophers, and economists, we compile a comprehensive list of such aspects. Third, we demonstrate our proposed method for estimating the aspects' relative marginal utilities-a necessary input for constructing an individual-level well-being index-by asking ~4,600 U...
September 2014: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307650/the-myth-of-immigrant-women-as-secondary-workers-evidence-from-canada
#17
Alícia Adserà, Ana M Ferrer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127305/the-growing-gap-in-life-expectancy-using-the-future-elderly-model-to-estimate-implications-for-social-security-and-medicare
#18
Dana P Goldman, Peter R Orszag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25484369/rational-attention-and-adaptive-coding-a-puzzle-and-a-solution
#19
Camillo Padoa-Schioppa, Aldo Rustichini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25221338/estimates-of-annual-consumption-expenditures-and-its-major-components-in-the-psid-in-comparison-to-the-ce
#20
Patricia Andreski, Geng Li, Mehmet Zahid Samancioglu, Robert Schoeni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: American Economic Review
journal
journal
34477
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"