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American Economic Review

Hamish Low, Luigi Pistaferri
We provide a life-cycle framework for comparing insurance and disincentive effects of disability benefits. The risks that individuals face and the parameters of the Disability Insurance (DI ) program are estimated from consumption, health, disability insurance, and wage data. We characterize the effects of disability insurance and study how policy reforms impact behavior and welfare. DI features high rejection rates of disabled applicants and some acceptance of healthy applicants. Despite worse incentives, welfare increases as programs become less strict or generosity increases...
October 2018: American Economic Review
Michael A Clemens, Ethan G Lewis, Hannah M Postel
An important class of active labor market policy has received little impact evaluation: immigration barriers intended to raise wages and employment by shrinking labor supply. Theories of endogenous technical advance raise the possibility of limited or even perverse impact. We study a natural policy experiment: the exclusion of almost half a million Mexican ' bracero ' farm workers from the United States to improve farm labor market conditions. With novel archival data we measure state-level exposure to exclusion, and model the labor-market effect in the absence of technical change...
June 2018: American Economic Review
Belinda Archibong, Francis Annan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: American Economic Review
Randall Akee, William Copeland, E Jane Costello, Emilia Simeonova
We examine the effects of a quasi-experimental unconditional household income transfer on child emotional and behavioral health and personality traits. Using longitudinal data, we find that there are large beneficial effects on children's emotional and behavioral health and personality traits during adolescence. We find evidence that these effects are most pronounced for children who start out with the lowest initial endowments. The income intervention also results in improvements in parental relationships which we interpret as a potential mechanism behind our findings...
March 2018: American Economic Review
Carlos Dobkin, Amy Finkelstein, Raymond Kluender, Matthew J Notowidigdo
We use an event study approach to examine the economic consequences of hospital admissions for adults in two datasets: survey data from the Health and Retirement Study, and hospitalization data linked to credit reports. For non-elderly adults with health insurance, hospital admissions increase out-of-pocket medical spending, unpaid medical bills and bankruptcy, and reduce earnings, income, access to credit and consumer borrowing. The earnings decline is substantial compared to the out-of-pocket spending increase, and is minimally insured prior to age-eligibility for Social Security Retirement Income...
February 2018: American Economic Review
Jason Abaluck, Jonathan Gruber
We explore the in- and out- of sample robustness of tests for choice inconsistencies based on parameter restrictions in parametric models, focusing on tests proposed by Ketcham, Kuminoff and Powers (KKP). We argue that their non-parametric alternatives are inherently conservative with respect to detecting mistakes. We then show that our parametric model is robust to KKP's suggested specification checks, and that comprehensive goodness of fit measures perform better with our model than the expected utility model...
December 2017: American Economic Review
Seema Jayachandran, Rohini Pandi
Child stunting in India exceeds that in poorer regions like sub-Saharan Africa. Data on over 168,000 children show that, relative to Africa, India's height disadvantage increases sharply with birth order. We posit that India’s steep birth order gradient is due to favoritism toward eldest sons, which affects parents' fertility decisions and resource allocation across children. We show that, within India, the gradient is steeper for high-son-preference regions and religions. The gradient also varies with sibling gender as predicted...
September 2017: American Economic Review
Petter Lundborg, Erik Plug, Astrid Wurtz Rasmussen
This paper introduces a new IV strategy based on IVF (in vitro fertilization) induced fertility variation among childless women to estimate the causal effect of having children on their career. For this purpose, we use administrative data on IVF treated women in Denmark. Because observed chances of IVF success do not depend on labor market histories, IVF treatment success provides a plausible instrument for childbearing. Our IV estimates indicate that fertility effects on earnings are: (i) negative, large, and long-lasting; (ii) driven by fertility effects on hourly earnings and not so much on labor supply; and (iii) much stronger at the extensive margin than at the intensive margin...
June 2017: American Economic Review
Daniel J Benjamin, Kristen B Cooper, Ori Heffetz, Miles Kimball
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Economic Review
Jennifer A Heissel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Economic Review
Crystal S Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Economic Review
Roland Pongou, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Economic Review
Vicki L Bogan, Jose M Fernandez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Economic Review
Tamara L Sheldon, Chandini Sankaran
Between 1990 and 2015, Indonesia lost nearly 25 percent of its forests, largely due to intentional burning to clear land for cultivation of palm oil and timber plantations.1 The neighboring "victim countries" experienced severe deteriorations in air quality as a result of these fires. For example, Singapore experienced record air pollution levels in June of 2013 and again in September of 2015 as a result of the Indonesian forest fires.2 This air pollution is associated with increased incidences of upper respiratory tract infections, acute conjunctivitis, lung disease, asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and pneumonia, among other ailments...
May 2017: American Economic Review
Elaine Hill, Lala Ma
The extent of environmental externalities associated with shale gas development (SGD) is important for welfare considerations and, to date, remains uncertain (Mason, Muehlenbachs, and Olmstead 2015; Hausman and Kellogg 2015). This paper takes a first step to address this gap in the literature. Our study examines whether shale gas development systematically impacts public drinking water quality in Pennsylvania, an area that has been an important part of the recent shale gas boom. We create a novel dataset from several unique sources of data that allows us to relate SGD to public drinking water quality through a gas well's proximity to community water system (CWS) groundwater source intake areas...
May 2017: American Economic Review
Julia Berazneva, Tanya S. Byker
It is estimated that about one quarter of the global disease burden in terms of healthy life years lost and about one quarter of all premature deaths can be attributed to modifiable environmental factors (Pruss-Ustun and Corvalan 2006). Three infectious diseases--diarrhea, respiratory infections, and malaria--account for the largest absolute burden in developing countries with children facing the greatest impacts. There is a growing body of evidence demonstrating the health burden of air and water pollution, as well as important productivity and income effects (see, for example, reviews of the literature in Pattanayak and Pfaff 2009 and Greenstone and Jack 2016)...
May 2017: American Economic Review
Nava Ashraf, Erica Field, Giuditta Rusconi, Alessandro Voena, Roberta Ziparo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Economic Review
Katherine Donato, Grant Miller, Monoj Mohanan, Yulya Truskinovsky, Marcos Vera-Hernandez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Economic Review
Jessica Cohen, Katherine Lofgren, Margaret McConnell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Economic Review
Martina Bjorkman Nyqvist, Seema Jayachandran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Economic Review
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