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Ambix

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779448/the-duke-the-soldier-of-fortune-and-a-rosicrucian-legacy-exploring-the-roles-of-manuscripts-in-early-modern-alchemy
#1
Mike A Zuber
By the time it was published in 1705, the Speculum Sapientiae claimed to have had a long history going back to 1672. However, the fact that exaggerated stories were commonplace in alchemical literature leads us to question its credibility. This paper explores the secret lives of this alchemical text prior to its print publication to clarify the roles of manuscripts in early-modern alchemy. Specifically, I argue that there were three aspects that could distinguish manuscript from print: provenance, materiality, and exclusivity...
May 19, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749807/alchemy-medicine-and-commercial-book-production-a-codicological-and-linguistic-study-of-the-voigts-sloane-manuscript-group
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743007/kunskap-och-kemisk-industri-i-1800-talets-sverige
#3
Trondheim Annette Lykknes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734924/the-chemical-century-molecular-manipulation-and-its-impact-on-the-20th-century
#4
Peter J Ramberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734880/chemiker-im-dritten-reich-die-deutsche-chemische-gesellschaft-und-der-verein-deutscher-chemiker-im-ns-herrschaftsapparat
#5
Jeffrey A Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734876/parallel-lives-two-hoosier-chemists-from-peru
#6
Adriana Minor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733256/synthetic-how-life-got-made
#7
Robert Bud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708465/fake-silk-the-lethal-history-of-viscose-rayon
#8
Peter Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708057/a-world-history-of-rubber-empire-industry-and-the-everyday
#9
Peter Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708055/isaac-newton-and-natural-philosophy-renaissance-lives-series
#10
Anna Marie Roos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708039/la-navelbine%C3%A2-et-le-taxot%C3%A3-re%C3%A2-histoires-de-sciences
#11
Sacha Tomic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708027/wilhelm-ostwald-the-autobiography
#12
Helge Kragh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669472/l-alchimie-%C3%A3-livres-ouverts-en-qu%C3%A3%C2%AAte-des-secrets-de-la-mati%C3%A3-re-livres-et-manuscrits-du-xvie-au-xxe-si%C3%A3-cle
#13
Megan Piorko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661062/poisoned-wine-regulation-chemical-analyses-and-spanish-french-trade-in-the-1930s
#14
Ignacio Suay-Matallana, Ximo Guillem-Llobat
This paper describes the resources, scientific spaces, and experts involved in the study of a mass poisoning caused by the drinking of arsenic-contaminated wine exported from Spain to France in 1932. Local and international periodicals record the poisoning of 300 French sailors, and stressed the commercial implications of the case. We discuss the reports prepared by different experts (mainly physicians, agricultural engineers, and customs chemists). Their work was not limited to preparing technical publications or chemical analyses; they also actively defended the quality of their local wine, and played a major role in the discussions regarding the regulation of the international wine market in the 1930s, when new standards regarding the analysis of wine were being considered...
April 16, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629641/chemical-industry-the-environment-and-russian-provincial-society-the-case-of-the-kokshan-chemical-works-1850-1925
#15
Andrei Vinogradov, Stanislav Petriashin
This article explores interactions between the chemical industry, the environment, and Russian provincial society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, using the example of the Kokshan chemical works, in the Elabuga District, Viatka Province, Russian Empire (today Mendeleevsk District, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation). The plant's location facilitated its rapid development due to a number of factors, including a cheap labour force, the availability of raw materials, and the absence of local competition...
April 9, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629627/robert-hare-s-theory-of-galvanism-a-study-of-heat-and-electricity-in-early-nineteenth-century-american-chemistry
#16
Amy Fisher
As a professor of chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania, Robert Hare actively shaped early American science. He participated in a large network of scholars, including Joseph Henry, François Arago, and Jacob Berzelius, and experimented with and wrote extensively about electricity and its associated chemical and thermal phenomena. In the early nineteenth century, prominent chemists such as Berzelius and Humphry Davy proclaimed that a revolution had occurred in chemistry through electrical research. Examining Robert Hare's contributions to this discourse, this paper analyzes how Hare's study of electricity and the caloric theory of heat led him to propose a new theory of galvanism...
April 9, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560805/paper-tools-from-the-1780s-to-the-1960s-nomenclature-classification-and-representations
#17
Mary Jo Nye, Stephen J Weininger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351726/paper-tools-and-periodic-tables-newlands-and-mendeleev-draw-grids
#18
Michael D Gordin
This essay elaborates on Ursula Klein's methodological concept of "paper tools" by drawing on several examples from the history of the periodic table. Moving from John A. R. Newlands's "Law of Octaves," to Dmitrii Mendeleev's first drafts of his periodic system in 1869, to Mendeleev's chemical speculations on the place of the ether within his classification, one sees that the ways in which the scientists presented the balance between empirical data and theoretical manipulation proved crucial for the chemical community's acceptance or rejection of their proposed innovations...
February 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327654/delayed-reaction-the-tardy-embrace-of-physical-organic-chemistry-by-the-german-chemical-community
#19
Stephen J Weininger
The emergence of physical organic chemistry, which focuses on the mechanisms and structures of organic reactions and molecules using the tools of physical chemistry, was a major development in twentieth-century chemistry. It first flourished in the interwar period, in the UK and then in the US. Germany, by contrast, did not embrace the field until almost a half century later. The great success of classical organic chemistry, especially in synthesis, encouraged indifference to the new field among German chemists, as did their inductivist research philosophy, as enunciated by Walter Hückel's ground-breaking textbook (1931)...
February 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318947/paper-chemistry-fran%C3%A3-ois-dagognet-and-the-chemical-graph
#20
Evan Hepler-Smith
In two books published in 1969 and 1973, the philosopher François Dagognet articulated a sharp contrast between the verbal and the visual in the history of chemical representation. Ursula Klein took up Dagognet's argument as both inspiration and foil in her account of Berzelian formulas as productive "paper tools." Building on Klein's work, I show how Dagognet portrayed chemical names and formulas not just as representations and paper tools, but as material abstractions that were objects of inquiry in themselves...
February 2018: Ambix
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