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Ambix

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220247/james-smithson-on-the-calamines-chemical-combination-in-crystals
#1
Stephen T Irish
The three mineral species that constitute the common "calamines," or non-sulphurous ores of zinc, were first definitively identified in 1803 by the British chemist and mineralogist James Smithson. The present article proposes a close exegesis of Smithson's argument, which has not previously been studied in any detail. His reasoning integrated chemical, natural historical, and crystallographic considerations, and illustrates important features of the practice of mineral chemistry at this time. Whereas zinc ore was an essential component of the rapidly expanding brass industry, the context for Smithson's work was not commercial, but rather that of mineral collecting and natural history...
September 17, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30205770/alchemical-patronage-and-the-making-of-an-adept-letters-of-michael-sendivogius-to-emperor-rudolf-ii-and-his-chamberlain-hans-popp
#2
Rafał T Prinke, Mike A Zuber
Based on four extant letters the famous Polish alchemist Michael Sendivogius wrote to Emperor Rudolf II and his first chamberlain Hans Popp between 1597 and 1602, this paper adds to a growing body of revisionist scholarship on alchemy in Rudolfine Prague. Unlike most of his many rivals - including luminaries such as John Dee and Michael Maier - who hoped for the Emperor's patronage in vain, Sendivogius officially became a courtier at the imperial court in 1594. As such he was in the privileged position of having access to the Emperor and his close advisors...
September 11, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30200860/chaucer-the-alchemist-physics-mutability-and-the-medieval-imagination
#3
Curtis Runstedler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30200831/one-hundred-years-of-chemical-warfare-research-deployment-consequences
#4
Ximo Guillem-Llobat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30200828/silver-by-fire-silver-by-mercury-a-chemical-history-of-silver-refining-in-new-spain-and-mexico-16th-to-19th-centuries
#5
Renée J Raphael
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30185130/polonium-in-the-playhouse-the-manhattan-project-s-secret-chemistry-work-in-dayton-ohio
#6
Nestor Herran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139312/revisiting-the-early-history-of-synthetic-polymers-critiques-and-new-insights
#7
Seth C Rasmussen
This essay seeks to clarify existing confusion in terminology regarding the history of polymers, plastics, and macromolecules, and explores various factors that complicate the early history of macromolecules. It also suggests reasons why materials such as polyaniline, an early fully synthetic polymer that found widespread commercial application in dyes, have not previously been treated in accounts of polymer history.
August 23, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095047/treasures-from-the-sea-sea-silk-and-shellfish-purple-dye-in-antiquity
#8
Jo Kirby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025497/a-chemical-passion-the-forgotten-story-of-chemistry-at-british-independent-girls-schools-1820s-1930s
#9
Sally M Horrocks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992860/boerhaave-s-mineral-chemistry-and-its-influence-on-eighteenth-century-pharmacy-in-the-netherlands-and-england
#10
Marieke M A Hendriksen
In the eighteenth century, the use of mineral or fossil substances was relatively common in European medicine and pharmacy. However, this period also saw profound changes in ideas about the nomenclature, chemistry, and curative properties of minerals. Jonathan Simon has recently argued that an increasing orientation towards the mineral kingdom and the chemical transformation of minerals, and a rise in the number of mineral preparations demanded of the pharmacist, were characteristic for eighteenth-century chemistry within pharmacy...
July 11, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989489/a-perfect-ground-preparatory-layers-for-oil-paintings-1550-1900
#11
Sarah Lowengard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139316/the-survival-of-the-frater-medicus-english-friars-and-alchemy-ca-1370-ca-1425
#12
Peter Murray Jones
This essay reinserts friars into the story of alchemy and medicine in late medieval England. Much of the evidence for the activity of friars, mostly Franciscans, is to be found in a Latin text compiled in 1416-1425, the Tabula medicine. Here friars appear as sources for remedies, and a significant number of these remedies are alchemical. The quintessence found in the writings of John of Rupescissa is used for a variety of medical complaints. Some of the alchemical remedies are selected for closer examination here...
August 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139315/alchemy-and-the-mendicant-orders-of-late-medieval-and-early-modern-europe
#13
Andrew Campbell, Lorenza Gianfrancesco, Neil Tarrant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139314/the-chymical-capuchins-of-the-louvre-seminal-principles-and-charitable-vocations-in-france-under-louis-xiv
#14
Justin Rivest
This article explores the links between chymical medicine, charity, and vocation in the writings and careers of Henri Rousseau de Montbazon and Nicolas Aignan, known as "the Louvre Capuchins" (les capucins du Louvre) because they operated a royally sponsored medical laboratory at the Louvre from 1678 to 1679. It shows that Rousseau and Aignan's hybrid persona as chymical physicians and mendicant friars allowed them to leverage courtly values surrounding charitable poor relief into lucrative patronage under Louis XIV...
August 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134776/books-gold-and-elixir-alchemy-and-religious-orders-in-early-modern-naples
#15
Lorenza Gianfrancesco
In the early modern period Naples was a European centre of learning where a number of scholars engaged with alchemy. Variously perceived as a legitimate scientific practice or as a mendacious trick for gullible minds, alchemy engaged Neapolitan scholars in an ongoing dispute that involved members of the clergy. In this article I consider convents as research centres mainly engaged with medical alchemy. Specifically, I reconstruct the activity of the Dominican friar Tommaso d'Eremita. Upon his arrival at the Neapolitan convent of Santa Caterina a Formello in 1609, d'Eremita set up a laboratory where he spent years working on alchemical procedures in order to produce an elixir of life for the benefit of all...
August 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134775/between-aquinas-and-eymerich-the-roman-inquisition-s-use-of-dominican-thought-in-the-censorship-of-alchemy
#16
Neil Tarrant
In the latter half of the sixteenth century the Roman Inquisition developed criteria to prosecute a series of operative arts, including various forms of divination and magic. Its officials had little interest in alchemy. During that period the Roman Inquisition tried few people for practising alchemy, and it was rarely discussed in official documents. Justifications for prosecuting alchemists did exist, however. In his influential handbook, Directorium inquisitorum, the fourteenth-century inquisitor Nicholas Eymerich had developed a clear rationale for the investigation and prosecution of alchemists as heretics...
August 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734924/the-chemical-century-molecular-manipulation-and-its-impact-on-the-20th-century
#17
Peter J Ramberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734876/parallel-lives-two-hoosier-chemists-from-peru
#18
Adriana Minor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708039/la-navelbine%C3%A2-et-le-taxot%C3%A3-re%C3%A2-histoires-de-sciences
#19
Sacha Tomic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708027/wilhelm-ostwald-the-autobiography
#20
Helge Kragh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Ambix
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