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Journal of Medical Economics

Marissa J Carter, Adrienne M Gilligan, Curtis R Waycaster, Kathleen Schaum, Caroline E Fife
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the cost-effectiveness (from a payer's perspective) of adding clostridial collagenase ointment (CCO) to selective debridement compared with selective debridement alone (non-CCO) in the treatment of stage IV pressure ulcers among patients identified from the US Wound Registry. METHODS: A 3-state Markov model was developed to determine costs and outcomes between the CCO and non-CCO groups over a 2-year time horizon...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Kirsi Kautiainen, Heikki Ekroos, Mikko Puhakka, Helena Liira, Juha Laine, Kari Linden, Jarmo Hahl
OBJECTIVE: One quit attempt with varenicline has been found to be a cost-effective smoking cessation intervention. The purpose of this study was to analyze varenicline's cost-effectiveness in patients who relapse during or after the first treatment. A comparison was made between retreatment schema with varenicline and retreatment schema with bupropion, NRT and unaided cessation, and treatment once with varenicline in a Finnish context. METHODS: The two-quit version of BENESCO Markov model was used to follow a cohort of smokers making up to two quit attempts over a lifetime...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Vivian W Y Lee, Franco W Cheng, Adrian Y Choi, Sam T Fong, Cheuk Man Yu, Bryan P Yan
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is one of the most performed interventions for ischemic heart diseases. In Hong Kong, the total number of patient discharges and deaths for ischemic heart diseases in 2009 was 33,363, including 4,360 deaths. There are over 5,000 cases of PCI yearly. This study aimed to compare clinical, economic and humanistic outcomes among patients receiving drug-eluting stent (DES) or bare metal stent (BMS) in Hong Kong. METHODS: Patients who received stent implantation between 15(th) September, 2009 and 11(th) October, 2010 in Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong, were recruited and followed for 18 months...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Emily-Ruth Marriott, Guy van Hazel, Peter Gibbs, Anthony J Hatswell
AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to perform a mapping of the EORTC-QLQ-C30 scores to EQ-5D-3L for the SIRFLOX study; a large dataset of patients with previously untreated liver-only or liver-dominant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). A secondary aim was to compare the predictive validity of existing mappings from EORTC-QLQ-C30 to EQ-5D-3L conducted in other cancers. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Questionnaires (completed within 529 patients) were used in a linear mixed regression to model EQ-5D-3L utility values (scored using the UK tariff) as a function of the five function scores, nine symptom scores, and the global score from the EORTC-QLQ-C30 questionnaire...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Luis Hernandez, Shien Guo, Hector Toro-Diaz, Stuart Carroll, Syed Feisal Syed Farooq
AIMS: Peginterferon beta-1a 125 mcg administered subcutaneously every two weeks, a new disease-modifying therapy (DMT) for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), was approved in January 2015 by the Scottish Medicines Consortium. This study assesses long-term clinical and economic outcomes of peginterferon beta-1a compared with other self-injectable DMTs (interferon beta-1a [22 mcg, 30 mcg, and 44 mcg], interferon beta-1b, and glatiramer acetate 20 mg) in the treatment of RRMS, from the National Health Service and personal social services perspective in Scotland...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
John Cawley, Chad Meyerhoefer, Leah G Gillingham, Penny Kris-Etherton, Peter J H Jones
AIMS: Diets high in saturated fat are associated with elevated risk of heart disease. This study estimates the savings in direct (medical care) costs and indirect (job absenteeism) costs in the US from reductions in heart disease associated with substituting monounsaturated fats (MUFA) for saturated fats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A four-part model of the medical care cost savings from avoided heart disease was estimated using data on 247,700 adults from the 2000-2010 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Radek Wojcik, Julia Lowin, David Vilardell, Silvia Maeso, Leonardo Ruiz, John Lear, Colin Morton
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this analysis was to estimate the relative cost-effectiveness of Actikerall * (5-FU-SA) versus cryotherapy in a secondary care setting in the UK, for lesion-directed treatment in patients with actinic keratoses (AK) of the face and scalp. METHODS: The model was a simple decision tree, with a 6-month time horizon. The perspective was that of the UK National Health Service (NHS). Modelled treatment effects included reported per-patient histological clearance and recurrence rates...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
R F Pollock, C K Tikkanen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Insulin degludec is an insulin analog with an ultra-long duration of action that exhibits less intra-patient variability in its glucose-lowering activity, and reduces nocturnal, overall, and severe hypoglycaemia relative to insulin glargine. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of insulin degludec relative to insulin glargine in patients with: type 1 diabetes (T1D), type 2 diabetes receiving basal-only therapy (T2DBOT), and type 2 diabetes receiving basal-bolus therapy (T2DBB) in Denmark...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Yasuo Yanagi, Aya Fukuda, Victor Barzey, Kenji Adachi
OBJECTIVE: This analysis estimated the cost-effectiveness of intravitreal aflibercept injection(s) (IAI) for wet age-related macular degeneration (wAMD) compared with other treatments in Japan. METHODS: This was a cost-utility analysis based on published data. A state-transition cohort model was constructed with six health states based on best-corrected visual acuity in the better-seeing eye. The cycle time was 4 weeks, and the time horizon was 12 years. The model compared IAI 2mg every 8 weeks (2q8) for 2 years after three initial monthly injections, ranibizumab as needed, ranibizumab 0...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Min Huang, Yanyan Lou, James Pellissier, Thomas Burke, Frank Xiaoqing Liu, Ruifeng Xu, Vamsidhar Velcheti
OBJECTIVES: This analysis aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of pembrolizumab compared with docetaxel in patients with previously treated advanced non-squamous cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with PD-L1 positive tumors (total proportion score [TPS] ≥ 50%). The analysis was conducted from a US third-party payer perspective. METHODS: A partitioned-survival model was developed using data from patients from the KEYNOTE 010 clinical trial. The model used Kaplan-Meier (KM) estimates of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) from the trial for patients treated with either pembrolizumab 2 mg/kg or docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) with extrapolation based on fitted parametric functions and long-term registry data...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Unchalee Permsuwan, Piyameth Dilokthornsakul, Kednapa Thavorn, Surasak Saokaew, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
OBJECTIVE: With a high prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Thailand, the appropriate treatment for the patients has become a major concern. This study aimed to evaluate long-term cost-effective of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor monothearpy versus sulfonylurea (SFU) monotherapy in people with T2DM and CKD. METHODS: A validated IMS CORE Diabetes Model was used to estimate the long-term costs and outcomes. The efficacy parameters were identified and synthesized using a systematic review and meta-analysis...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Simone Critchlow, Matthew Hirst, Ron Akehurst, Ceri Phillips, Zoe Philips, Will Sullivan, Will C N Dunlop
OBJECTIVES: Complexities in the neuropathic-pain care pathway make the condition difficult to manage and difficult to capture in cost-effectiveness models. The aim of this study is to understand, through a systematic review of previous cost-effectiveness studies, some of the key strengths and limitations in data and modeling practices in neuropathic pain. Thus, the aim is to guide future research and practice to improve resource allocation decisions and encourage continued investment to find novel and effective treatments for patients with neuropathic pain...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Dominick Latremouille-Viau, Annie Guerin, Roy Nitulescu, Patrick S Gagnon, George J Joseph, Lei Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare treatment patterns and economic outcomes of dasatinib and nilotinib as 1st-line therapies for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). METHODS: Adult CML patients initiated on first-line dasatinib or nilotinib in 2010-2014 were identified from two large US administrative claims databases. Treatment patterns, tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) adherence and healthcare resource utilization (HRU) and costs were measured from the 1st-line TKI initiation (index date) to the end of follow-up...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Dominick Latremouille-Viau, Jane Chang, Annie Guerin, Sherry Shi, Ed Wang, Justin Yu, Christopher Ngai
AIMS: Adverse events (AEs) associated with treatments for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) may compromise the course of treatment, impact quality-of-life, and increase healthcare resource utilization. This study assessed the direct healthcare costs of common AEs among mCRC patients in the US. METHODS: Adult mCRC patients treated with chemotherapy or targeted therapies were identified from administrative claims databases (2009-2014). Up to the first three mCRC treatment episodes per patient were considered and categorized as with or without the AE system/organ category during the episode...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Olivier Ethgen, Yuri Sanchez Gonzalez, Grégoire Jeanblanc, Aurore Duguet, Derek Misurski, Timothy Juday
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the public health impact of comprehensive hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening and access to all-oral, interferon (IFN)-free direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) in the French baby-boomer population (1945-1965 birth cohorts). METHODS: A sequential, multi-cohort, health-state transition model was developed to assess the impact of different hepatitis C screening and treatment strategies on clinical and economic outcomes in the 1945-1965 birth cohorts...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Daniel M Gilden, Joanna M Kubisiak, Gerhardt M Pohl, Daniel E Ball, David E Gilden, William J John, Stewart Wetmore, Katherine B Winfree
AIM: To assess the cost-effectiveness of first-line pemetrexed/platinum and other commonly administered regimens in a representative U.S. elderly population with advanced nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study utilized the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) cancer registry linked to Medicare claims records. The study population included all SEER-Medicare patients diagnosed in 2008-2009 with advanced nonsquamous NSCLC (stages IIIB-IV) as their only primary cancer and who started chemotherapy within 90 days of diagnosis...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Marjan Massoudi, Mark Balk, Hongbo Yang, Cat N Bui, Bhavik J Pandya, Jenny Guo, Yan Song, Eric Q Wu, Bruce Brown, Arie Barlev, Scott Flanders
OBJECTIVE: Enzalutamide (ENZA) and abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (AA) are approved second-generation hormone therapies for chemotherapy-naïve metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). This study compared ENZA with AA in chemotherapy-naïve mCRPC by calculating the number needed to treat (NNT) and associated incremental costs to achieve one additional chemotherapy-naïve patient with mCRPC free of radiographic progression, chemotherapy, or death over a 1-year time horizon...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
João L Carapinha
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pharmacoeconomic guidelines in South Africa (SA) with other middle- and high-income countries. METHODS: A comparative review of key features of the pharmacoeconomic guidelines in SA was undertaken using the Comparative Table of Pharmacoeconomic Guidelines developed by the International Society of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research, and published country-level pharmacoeconomics guidelines. A random sample of guidelines in high- and middle-income countries were analyzed if data on all key features were available...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Yogesh Suresh Punekar, Ian Naya, Mark Small, Tim Holbrook, Robert Wood, Hana Mullerova, Manuel Valle
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Short-acting bronchodilators are normally used as supplemental relief medication for breakthrough symptoms in COPD patients. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to assess if more frequent vs infrequent use of relief medication in maintenance-treated COPD patients, split by the severity dyspnea, was associated with an increase in the overall disease burden. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional survey (Adelphi DSP) was conducted among patients with COPD in five European countries...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Tim Benson
BACKGROUND: QALYs are widely used in health economic evaluation, but remain controversial, largely because they do not reflect how many people behave in practice. This paper presents a new alternative conceptual model (Load Model), and illustrates it in comparison with the QALY model. METHODS: Load is the average annual weight attributed to morbidity and mortality over a defined period, using weightings based on preference judgements. Morbidity Load is attributed to states of illness, according to their perceived severity...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
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