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Cryo Letters

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376143/comparison-of-mitochondrial-function-in-boar-and-bull-spermatozoa-throughout-cryopreservation-based-on-jc-1-staining
#1
C H Hu, X J Zhuang, Y M Wei, M Zhang, S S Lu, Y Q Lu, X G Yang, K H Lu
BACKGROUND: Poor reproductivity hampers the commercialization of cryopreserved boar semen. OBJECTIVE: This study was to determine the differences in the sperm mitochondrial function between boar and bull semen at different cryopreservation stages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Boar and bull fresh, equilibrated, and frozen-thawed spermatozoa were evaluated for mitochondrial function using JC-1 under a fluorescent microscope. RESULTS: Bull and boar percentage of spermatozoa staining green (PSSG) showed no difference between fresh and equilibrated semen (P> 0...
January 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376142/characterization-and-expression-analysis-of-attacins-antimicrobial-peptide-encoding-genes-from-the-desert-beetle-microdera-punctipennis-in-response-to-low-temperatures
#2
J Q Li, X Y Lu, J Ma
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) constitute the insect innate immune defense system. AMP production is usually induced by microbes. However, mounting evidence links insect immune reaction to cold hardiness. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at characterizing two attacins, MpAtt1 and MpAtt2, from the desert beetle Microdera punctipennis in Coleoptera and investigating the expression profiles of the two genes in response to cold stress. RESULTS: Full lengths MpAtt1 and MpAtt2 cDNAs were obtained from low temperature transcriptomic data...
January 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376141/viability-and-infectivity-of-tuber-borchii-after-cryopreservation
#3
F Piattoni, P Leonardi, B Siham, M Iotti, A Zambonelli
BACKGROUND: Truffles (Tuber spp.) are the most precious ectomycorrhizal edible mushrooms whose biodiversity is seriously endangered. OBJECTIVE: To develop a protocol for cryopreservation of Tuber spp. mycelia using T. borchii as a model species, verifying whether conservation in liquid nitrogen may affect viability, growth rate, hyphal morphology and infectivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cryopreservation was performed using sorbitol, sucrose and DMSO as cryoprotectants...
January 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376140/effect-of-monosaccharides-in-glycerol-free-tris-extender-on-reactive-oxygen-species-and-apoptosis-in-dog-sperm-cryopreservation
#4
M A Rahman, S H Park, I J Yu
BACKGROUND OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the effect of monosaccharides in a glycerol-free tris (GFT) extender on reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and apoptosis in cryopreserved dog spermatozoa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sperm pellets were resuspended (5 × 10(7) mL(-1)) with GFT containing 172 mM glucose (G), 86 mM glucose + 86 mM fructose (GF), 86 mM glucose + 86 mM galactose (Gg), 172 mM fructose (F), 172 mM galactose (g) or 86 mM fructose + 86 mM galactose (Fg)...
January 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376139/cryopreservation-of-nili-ravi-buffalo-bull-sperm-in-cryodiluent-supplemented-with-lolium-perenne-protein-preparations
#5
S Qadeer, M A Khan, M S Ansari, B A Rakha, R Ejaz, A U Husna, A Azam, N Ullah, V K Walker, S Akhter
BACKGROUND: Semen from the Nili-Ravi buffalo bull, Bubalus bubalis, shows poor survival after freeze storage compared to bovine (Bos taurus and Bos indicus) semen. Freeze-susceptibility distinctions in these two genera have been attributed to differences in sperm membranes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured the impact of protein preparations derived from a frost-resistant perennial grass, Lolium perenne, with ice recrystallization inhibition activity on the low temperature storage of B...
January 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376138/numerical-and-experimental-investigation-on-water-me2so-mixing-in-microfluidic-device-for-oocyte-cryopreservation
#6
Y Yang, X L Zhou, N F Zhou, W Q Shao, L R Tao
BACKGROUND: Oocyte vitrification is a practical tool in assisted reproductive technology and fertility preservation. However, vitrification requires high concentration of cryoprotectants (CPAs), which may cause osmotic injury and is toxic to oocytes during the addition and removal process of CPAs. OBJECTIVE: To minimize osmotic and toxic injuries, a microfluidic device was designed to provide continuous concentration changes of CPAs to oocytes. METHODS: Numerical simulations were first used to investigate the effects of geometric parameters of microchannel on water- Me2SO mixing performance...
January 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376137/effects-of-tempol-and-quercetin-on-human-sperm-function-after-cryopreservation
#7
L Azadi, M Tavalaee, M R Deemeh, M Arbabian, M H Nasr-Esfahani
  BACKGROUND: Quercetin is a flavonoid with high reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging and ion chelating activity. It also enhances the activity of antioxidant enzymes and reduces enzymatic activity such as NADPH oxidase and NADH-dependent oxido-reductase. Tempol, as a superoxide dismutase mimetic agent, converts superoxide to less toxic hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), but cannot reduce highly toxic hydroxyl radicals in Fenton or Haber-Weiss reactions mediated with free iron or cupper. OBJECTIVE: The study was to compare the effect of Quercetin and Tempol in an optimized commercial cryo-protective media on ROS induced cryoinjury for the first time...
January 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376136/cold-resistance-of-an-ant-camponotus-herculeanus-hymenoptera-formicidae-in-various-climates-in-north-east-asia
#8
D I Berman, Z A Zhigulskava, A N Leirikh
  BACKGROUND: The relationship between cold resistance of widespread invertebrate species and overwintering temperatures has not been studied; however, this knowledge could have high prognostic value. OBJECTIVE: Using an ant species Camponotus herculeanus to investigate whether there is a relationship between cold resistance and overwintering temperatures in two climatically distinct regions (coastal and continental). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined seasonal changes in SCP and LТ for overwintering ant stages, as well as winter temperatures in the nests...
January 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376135/a-simple-and-efficient-protocol-for-the-cryopreservation-of-zygotic-embryos-of-macaw-palm-acrocomia-aculeata-jacq-lodd-ex-mart-a-tropical-species-with-a-capacity-for-biofuel-production
#9
Z G Luis, E Scherwinski-Pereira
BACKGROUND: The development of cryopreservation protocols for zygotic embryos has the advantage of direct embryo regeneration into plantlets, an important factor when one´s purpose is to preserve genetic plant resources. OBJECTIVE: Current study developed an efficient and simplified cryopreservation protocol for zygotic embryos of the macaw palm, a type of palm tree with great capacity for biodiesel production. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Embryos were obtained from seeds and rehydrated for 15 h in a 3% sucrose medium...
January 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376134/the-beneficial-effect-of-carboxylated-poly-l-lysine-on-cryosurvival-of-vitrified-early-stage-embryos
#10
Y Tsuji, T Iwasaki, H Ogata, Y Matsumoto, S Kokeguchi, K Matsumura, S H Hyon, M Shiotani
BACKGROUND: In the vitrification of embryos, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is one of the most effective cryoprotectant agents (CPAs), but cytotoxic effects of DMSO on embryos are well known. Carboxylated poly-L-lysine (CPLL) has been identified as an effective cryoprotectant of cultured cell lines and mammalian oocytes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of CPLL as a CPA for developmental stage embryos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mouse 8-cell embryos and blastocysts were vitrified with ethylene glycol (EG), DMSO/EG, or CPLL/EG and the developmental potency assessed in vitro...
January 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072433/effects-of-superparamagnetic-nanoparticles-on-nucleation-and-crystal-growth-in-the-vitrified-vs55-during-warming
#11
Y Xu, H M Yu, Y Q Niu, S C Luo, X Cheng
  BACKGROUND:Magnetic nanoparticles (mNPs), once excited by radiofrequency (RF) energy, could heat uniformly and rapidly the vitrified biospecimens. However, there are few studies about the impact of mNPs on crystallization kinetics of vitrified samples. OBJECTIVES: The present work aims to investigate the nucleation and crystal growth in the vitrification solution VS55 with mNPs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ferrotec EMG308 superparamagnetic nanoparticles (10 ± 2...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072432/closed-vitrification-system-as-a-platform-for-cryopreservation-of-tissue-engineered-constructs
#12
N A Trufanova, V S Zaikov, A V Zinchenko, A Yu Petrenko, Y A Petrenko
BACKGROUND: Cryopreservation of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and MSCs-based tissue engineered constructs (TECs) is a promising strategy for regenerative medicine. OBJECTIVE: To examine vitrification system consisting of multicomponent vitreous solution, closed type container, human adult MSCs and two-step exposure procedure as a platform for cryopreservation of MSCs-based TECs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Vitrification properties of solutions were studied by visual analysis and calorimetry...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072431/expression-patterns-of-three-genes-under-short-and-long-term-cold-exposure-in-thitarodes-pui-lepidoptera-hepialidae-a-host-of-ophiocordyceps-sinensis
#13
Q Min, S Y Cheng, J F Xi, J Ma, T R Xin, B Xia, Z W Zou
  BACKGROUND: Thitarodes larvae are the host of the caterpillar fungus Ophiocordyceps sinensis. Low temperature is the main environmental limitation for larvae growth. OBJECTIVE: To better understand the cold adaption process in T. pui larvae, the expression patterns of trehalose-6-phosphate synthase (TpTPS), heat shock protein 70 (TpHSP70), and heat shock protein 90 (TpHSP90) were investigated upon short and long-term exposure to 0°C. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 6th instar T...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072430/measurement-of-thermal-conductivity-of-porcine-liver-in-the-temperature-range-of-cryotherapy-and-hyperthermia-250-315k-by-a-thermal-sensor-made-of-a-micron-scale-enameled-copper-wire
#14
Z D Jiang, G Zhao, G R Lu
  BACKGROUND: Cryotherapy and hyperthermia are effective treatments for several diseases, especially for liver cancers. Thermal conductivity is a significant thermal property for the prediction and guidance of surgical procedure. However, the thermal conductivities of organs and tissues, especially over the temperature range of both cryotherapy and hyperthermia are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To provide comprehensive thermal conductivity of liver for both cryotherapy and hyperthermia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hot probe made of stain steel needle and micron-sized copper wire is used for measurement...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072429/integrating-micro-or-nanoscale-encapsulation-technology-with-vitreous-cryopreservation-a-new-strategy-to-improve-biopreservation
#15
Y Y Zheng, G Zhao
  BACKGROUND: None-uniform distributions of temperatures, limited freezing and thawing rates, and thermal stresses are three main hindering factors for successful vitreous cryopreservation of mass volume of biosamples. Micro- and nanoscale encapsulation, owning the intrinsic features to avoid those limitations introduced by the traditional approaches, has been opened up a new way for effective and high-efficiency biopreservation. NEW APPROACH: This short review article summarizes recent advances in cell encapsulation technology for biopreservation by manipulating cells and biological agents in micro- or nanoscale volume droplets and microgels, and discusses its promising applications for future vitreous cryopreservation...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072428/3d-modelling-on-biodegradable-nanoparticle-enhanced-cryoablation-of-liver-tumor-based-on-real-anatomical-model
#16
S Y Xu, Z Z He, Y X Zhou, J Liu
BACKGROUND: Nanoparticle-enhanced freezing is of great importance for developing a conformal targeted cryoablation for liver tumor with complex shape. However, the safety and biocompatibility of nanoparticles should also be of major concerns. OBJECTIVE: This study is to investigate the enhanced cryoablation mediated by the MgO nanoparticles which are nontoxic, biodegradable, and have few side-effects on the human body. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A three-dimensional numerical model has been developed based on a real geometrical anatomical structure to characterize such nanocryosurgical freezing of liver tumor...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072427/calorimetric-studies-on-thermal-properties-of-nano-cryoprotectant-solutions-during-vitrification
#17
H F Xu, B T Hao, L J Liu, L L Tang, B L Liu
  BACKGROUND: Vitrification, the ice-free cryopreservation, develops rapidly and can become an ideal method for long-term preservation of cells and tissues. But up to now it is not practical for samples with large size because of the ultra-rapid cooling rate required. It has been reported that nanoparticles improve heat conductivity of solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, Hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles(20, 40 or 60nm)at 0.1 %, 0.5 % or 1 % (w/w) were added into glycerol solutions...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072426/effect-of-nanoparticles-on-the-survival-and-development-of-vitrified-porcine-gv-oocytes
#18
W J Li, X L Zhou, B L Liu, J J Dai, P Song, Y Teng
  BACKGROUND: Some mammalian oocytes have been successfully cryopreserved by vitrification. However, the survival and developmental rate of vitrified oocytes is still low. The incorporation of nanoparticles into cryoprotectant (CPA) may improve the efficiency of vitrification by changing the properties of solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The toxicity of different concentrations of hydroxy apatite (HA), silica dioxide (SO2), aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (20 nm in diameter) to oocytes was tested and the toxicity threshold value of each nanoparticle was determined...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072425/direct-microscale-measurement-of-mouse-oocyte-membrane-permeability-to-water-and-ethylene-glycol-at-subzero-temperatures-using-cryomicroscopy
#19
X Han
  BACKGROUND: Investigation of cell osmotic behavior at subzero temperatures is of critical importance to the optimization of cooling procedures for cryopreservation. Based on established thermodynamic models, plasma membrane permeability coefficients for water and cryoprotectant agent (CPA) (Lcpa, Pp) and their activation energies (Ea(Lp), Ea(Pcpa)) are essential to predict the change of cell volume and composition of intracellular solutions corresponding to different cooling procedures. However, currently available methods to measure Lp at subzero temperatures suffer from technical difficulties due to ice formation and there are no generalized methods to measure Pcpa at subzero temperatures...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072424/a-theoretical-and-experimental-investigation-of-mechanical-damage-to-rodent-sperm-generated-by-microscale-ice-formation
#20
X Han, J K Critser
  BACKGROUND: Rodent sperm cryopreservation is of critical importance for the maintenance of lines or strains of genetically engineered mice and rats. However, rodent sperm are extremely mechanically sensitive due to their unusual morphology, and are severely damaged using current methods of cryopreservation. Those methods result in poor post thaw motility (PTM) for mouse. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism of mechanical damage introduced to rodent sperm during freezing, a micro-mechanical model was established to analyze the sperm radial and axial thermal stresses generated by microscale extracellular ice formation...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
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