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Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences

Artur L Gower, Michael J A Smith, William J Parnell, I David Abrahams
We formally deduce closed-form expressions for the transmitted effective wavenumber of a material comprising multiple types of inclusions or particles (multi-species), dispersed in a uniform background medium. The expressions, derived here for the first time, are valid for moderate volume fractions and without restriction on the frequency. We show that the multi-species effective wavenumber is not a straightforward extension of expressions for a single species. Comparisons are drawn with state-of-the-art models in acoustics by presenting numerical results for a concrete and a water-oil emulsion in two dimensions...
April 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Marco Merkli, Alireza Rafiyi
We consider a large number N of quantum particles coupled via a mean field interaction to another quantum system (reservoir). Our main result is an expansion for the averages of observables, both of the particles and of the reservoir, in inverse powers of [Formula: see text]. The analysis is based directly on the Dyson series expansion of the propagator. We analyse the dynamics, in the limit [Formula: see text], of observables of a fixed number n of particles, of extensive particle observables and their fluctuations, as well as of reservoir observables...
April 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Florence Bertails-Descoubes, Alexandre Derouet-Jourdan, Victor Romero, Arnaud Lazarus
Solving the equations for Kirchhoff elastic rods has been widely explored for decades in mathematics, physics and computer science, with significant applications in the modelling of thin flexible structures such as DNA, hair or climbing plants. As demonstrated in previous experimental and theoretical studies, the natural curvature plays an important role in the equilibrium shape of a Kirchhoff rod, even in the simple case where the rod is isotropic and suspended under gravity. In this paper, we investigate the reverse problem: can we characterize the natural curvature of a suspended isotropic rod, given an equilibrium curve? We prove that although there exists an infinite number of natural curvatures that are compatible with the prescribed equilibrium, they are all equivalent in the sense that they correspond to a unique natural shape for the rod...
April 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
F Zeng, M Q Jiang, L H Dai
Dilatancy-generated structural disordering, an inherent feature of metallic glasses (MGs), has been widely accepted as the physical mechanism for the primary origin and structural evolution of shear banding, as well as the resultant shear failure. However, it remains a great challenge to determine, to what degree of dilatation, a shear banding will evolve into a runaway shear failure. In this work, using in situ acoustic emission monitoring, we probe the dilatancy evolution at the different stages of individual shear band in MGs that underwent severely plastic deformation by the controlled cutting technology...
April 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Taisiya Sigaeva, Robert Mangan, Luigi Vergori, Michel Destrade, Les Sudak
We study what is clearly one of the most common modes of deformation found in nature, science and engineering, namely the large elastic bending of curved structures, as well as its inverse, unbending, which can be brought beyond complete straightening to turn into eversion. We find that the suggested mathematical solution to these problems always exists and is unique when the solid is modelled as a homogeneous, isotropic, incompressible hyperelastic material with a strain-energy satisfying the strong ellipticity condition...
April 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Daniel Wacks, Ilias Konstantinou, Nilanjan Chakraborty
The behaviours of the three invariants of the velocity gradient tensor and the resultant local flow topologies in turbulent premixed flames have been analysed using three-dimensional direct numerical simulation data for different values of the characteristic Lewis number ranging from 0.34 to 1.2. The results have been analysed to reveal the statistical behaviours of the invariants and the flow topologies conditional upon the reaction progress variable. The behaviours of the invariants have been explained in terms of the relative strengths of the thermal and mass diffusions, embodied by the influence of the Lewis number on turbulent premixed combustion...
April 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
David P Nicholls
The faithful modelling of the propagation of linear waves in a layered, periodic structure is of paramount importance in many branches of the applied sciences. In this paper, we present a novel numerical algorithm for the simulation of such problems which is free of the artificial singularities present in related approaches. We advocate for a surface integral formulation which is phrased in terms of impedance-impedance operators that are immune to the Dirichlet eigenvalues which plague the Dirichlet-Neumann operators that appear in classical formulations...
April 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Peter Embacher, Nicolas Dirr, Johannes Zimmer, Celia Reina
A new method is proposed to numerically extract the diffusivity of a (typically nonlinear) diffusion equation from underlying stochastic particle systems. The proposed strategy requires the system to be in local equilibrium and have Gaussian fluctuations but it is otherwise allowed to undergo arbitrary out-of-equilibrium evolutions. This could be potentially relevant for particle data obtained from experimental applications. The key idea underlying the method is that finite, yet large, particle systems formally obey stochastic partial differential equations of gradient flow type satisfying a fluctuation-dissipation relation...
April 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
John F Rudge
In textural equilibrium, partially molten materials minimize the total surface energy bound up in grain boundaries and grain-melt interfaces. Here, numerical calculations of such textural equilibrium geometries are presented for a space-filling tessellation of grains with a tetrakaidecahedral (truncated octahedral) unit cell. Two parameters determine the nature of the geometries: the porosity and the dihedral angle. A variety of distinct melt topologies occur for different combinations of these two parameters, and the boundaries between different topologies have been determined...
April 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Richard M Christensen
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2017.0817.].
March 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Mark Welland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Atul Kumar Sharma, Nitesh Arora, M M Joglekar
This paper reports an energy-based method for the dynamic pull-in instability analysis of a spherical dielectric elastomer (DE) balloon subjected to a quasi-statically applied inflation pressure and a Heaviside step voltage across the balloon wall. The proposed technique relies on establishing the energy balance at the point of maximum stretch in an oscillation cycle, followed by the imposition of an instability condition for extracting the threshold parameters. The material models of the Ogden family are employed for describing the hyperelasticity of the balloon...
March 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
L Angela Mihai, Thomas E Woolley, Alain Goriely
Biological and synthetic materials often exhibit intrinsic variability in their elastic responses under large strains, owing to microstructural inhomogeneity or when elastic data are extracted from viscoelastic mechanical tests. For these materials, although hyperelastic models calibrated to mean data are useful, stochastic representations accounting also for data dispersion carry extra information about the variability of material properties found in practical applications. We combine finite elasticity and information theories to construct homogeneous isotropic hyperelastic models with random field parameters calibrated to discrete mean values and standard deviations of either the stress-strain function or the nonlinear shear modulus, which is a function of the deformation, estimated from experimental tests...
March 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Huilin Ye, Zhiqiang Shen, Le Yu, Mei Wei, Ying Li
A large number of nanoparticles (NPs) have been raised for diverse biomedical applications and some of them have shown great potential in treatment and imaging of diseases. Design of NPs is essential for delivery efficacy due to a number of biophysical barriers, which prevents the circulation of NPs in vascular flow and their accumulation at tumour sites. The physiochemical properties of NPs, so-called '4S' parameters, such as size, shape, stiffness and surface functionalization, play crucial roles in their life journey to be delivered to tumour sites...
March 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Lei Zhang, C Q Ru
Imperfection sensitivity is essential for mechanical behaviour of biopolymer shells characterized by high geometric heterogeneity. The present work studies initial post-buckling and imperfection sensitivity of a pressured biopolymer spherical shell based on non-axisymmetric buckling modes and associated mode interaction. Our results indicate that for biopolymer spherical shells with moderate radius-to-thickness ratio (say, less than 30) and smaller effective bending thickness (say, less than 0.2 times average shell thickness), the imperfection sensitivity predicted based on the axisymmetric mode without the mode interaction is close to the present results based on non-axisymmetric modes with the mode interaction with a small (typically, less than 10%) relative errors...
March 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Daniel T Kawano, Rubens Goncalves Salsa, Fai Ma, Matthias Morzfeld
The equation of motion of a discrete linear system has the form of a second-order ordinary differential equation with three real and square coefficient matrices. It is shown that, for almost all linear systems, such an equation can always be converted by an invertible transformation into a canonical form specified by two diagonal coefficient matrices associated with the generalized acceleration and displacement. This canonical form of the equation of motion is unique up to an equivalence class for non-defective systems...
March 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Yoichi Takato, Michael E Benson, Surajit Sen
In this molecular dynamics study, we examine the local surface geometric effects of the normal impact force between two approximately spherical nanoparticles that collide in a vacuum. Three types of surface geometries-(i) crystal facets, (ii) sharp edges, and (iii) amorphous surfaces of small nanoparticles with radii R <10 nm-are considered. The impact forces are compared with their macroscopic counterparts described by nonlinear contact forces based on Hertz contact mechanics. In our simulations, edge and amorphous surface contacts with weak surface energy reveal that the average impact forces are in excellent agreement with the Hertz contact force...
March 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
S Bonetti, A D Bragg, A Porporato
The drainage area is an important, non-local property of a landscape, which controls surface and subsurface hydrological fluxes. Its role in numerous ecohydrological and geomorphological applications has given rise to several numerical methods for its computation. However, its theoretical analysis has lagged behind. Only recently, an analytical definition for the specific catchment area was proposed (Gallant & Hutchinson. 2011 Water Resour. Res. 47 , W05535. (doi:10.1029/2009WR008540)), with the derivation of a differential equation whose validity is limited to regular points of the watershed...
March 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
R J Tomlin, A Kalogirou, D T Papageorgiou
A Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation in two space dimensions arising in thin film flows is considered on doubly periodic domains. In the absence of dispersive effects, this anisotropic equation admits chaotic solutions for sufficiently large length scales with fully two-dimensional profiles; the one-dimensional dynamics observed for thin domains are structurally unstable as the transverse length increases. We find that, independent of the domain size, the characteristic length scale of the profiles in the streamwise direction is about 10 space units, with that in the transverse direction being approximately three times larger...
March 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Wenqiang Fang, Joyce Mok, Haneesh Kesari
Design against adhesion in microelectromechanical devices is predicated on the ability to quantify this phenomenon in microsystems. Previous research related the work of adhesion for an adhered microbeam to the beam's unadhered length, and as such, interferometric techniques were developed to measure that length. We propose a new vibration-based technique that can be easily implemented with existing atomic force microscopy tools or similar metrology systems. To make such a technique feasible, we analysed a model of the adhered microbeam using the nonlinear beam theory put forth by Woinowsky-Krieger...
March 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
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