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Journal of Lesbian Studies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182446/lesbians-and-tech-analyzing-digital-media-technologies-and-lesbian-experience
#1
Angelique Harris, Jessie Daniels
The rise of the popular Internet has coincided with the increasing acceptance, even assimilation, of lesbians into mainstream society. The visible presence of lesbians in the tech industry and in digitally mediated spaces raises a set of questions about the relationship between queer identities and Internet technologies. This introduction to a special issue of Journal of Lesbian Studies explores some of these questions and provides an overview of the articles that follow.
July 3, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173131/theorizing-the-lesbian-hashtag-identity-community-and-the-technological-imperative-to-name-the-sexual-self
#2
Andrea P Herrera
This analysis integrates poststructuralist and symbolic interactionist approaches to the self by incorporating the insights of science and technology studies regarding categorization processes. While the advent of the Internet has freed many individuals from geographical constraints on community formation, the architectures of online platforms produce a technological imperative to name aspects of the self with words. Using sexual identity hashtags on Instagram (e.g., #lesbian) thus performs paradoxical functions: the hashtag both enables the construction of a sexual identity within an affirming community and also reinforces the power relations that compel individuals to name and account for their sexual selves...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173083/between-butch-femme-on-the-performance-of-race-gender-and-sexuality-in-a-youtube-web-series
#3
Faithe Day
Drawing on a legacy of Black television and film production, Black web series remediate earlier media forms in order to usher in a twenty-first-century revival of indie Black cultural production. Specifically, video sharing and social media platforms operate as a sphere in which content creators and users are afforded unique opportunities to engage with video content and each other on a variety of levels. Focusing on the YouTube media sphere, one can also observe the myriad ways in which the performance of race, gender, and sexuality influences the types of discourse that circulate within these sites...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166216/mommy-markets-racial-differences-in-lesbians-dating-preferences-for-women-with-children
#4
Matthew H Rafalow, Jessica M Kizer
Recent work shows that race is a critical factor in shaping sexual identities, partner preference, and family formation, suggesting there may be racial differences in whether lesbians already have children at the time that they look for companions. In this study, we draw on a sample of 1,923 lesbians on Match.com to quantitatively test whether there are racial differences in dating preferences for women with children, underscoring implications for family inequality through racial differences in who has children when looking for a partner...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166214/gaming-out-online-black-lesbian-identity-development-and-community-building-in-xbox-live
#5
Kishonna L Gray
As gaming culture continues to marginalize women and people of color, other gamers are also highlighting the inequalities they face within digital gaming communities. While heterosexism and homophobia are commonplace within gaming culture, little is known about the actual experiences of "gaymers" and even less about "gaymers" of color. As such, this article seeks to explore lesbians of color and their experiences "gayming" out and online. Exploring identity development, community building, and connectivity via social networking, the women within this study articulate what it means to be lesbian online and how this impacts their physical and digital experiences...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912661/experiences-of-a-gender-non-conforming-lesbian-in-the-ladies-rest-room
#6
Ellen D B Riggle
Public restrooms in U.S. culture are highly gendered, politicized, problematic spaces. Gender non-conforming lesbians may feel especially at risk for various forms of harassment or policing by other occupants in the "ladies' (rest)room." Using auto-ethnographic lived experiences as observations, this essay explores reactions of other women/female occupants in public restrooms designated for female persons to the presence of a gender non-conforming lesbian (the author). Reactions include no response, fear and flight or fight, screaming/shrieking, and active policing...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851571/lovers-enemies-and-friends-the-complex-and-coded-early-history-of-lesbian-comic-strip-characters
#7
Caitlin McGurk
This article seeks to recuperate four previously unexamined early newspaper comic strip characters that could lay the groundwork for queer comic studies. The titular characters in Lucy and Sophie Say Goodbye (1905), Sanjak in Terry and the Pirates (1939) by Milton Caniff, and Hank O'Hair in Brenda Starr, Reporter (1940) by Dale Messick are analyzed through close readings, supporting archival material, and interviews. The article also theorizes the identification of the creator of Lucy and Sophie Say Goodbye as George O...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727595/making-space-jennifer-camper-lgbtq-anthologies-and-queer-comics-communities
#8
Margaret Galvan
This article examines the career of lesbian cartoonist Jennifer Camper and how she has fostered queer community both in her comics and in real life. Archival research in LGBTQ archives and in Camper's own personal papers evidences how Camper begins developing her comics in the 1980s by participating in various grassroots LGBTQ publication spaces. From this foundation of support, she engages in comics activism with her representations of these communities during the midst of the AIDS crisis. Through these analyses, this article theorizes how Camper foregrounds intersectionality and counterpublics in her work on and off the page...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727592/poc-lgbtq-and-gender-the-intersectionality-of-america-chavez
#9
Laura M Jiménez
The Life and Times of America Chavez was a comic book series eventually published in trade form. Written by Gabby Rivera, queer Latinx young adult literature author, this iteration of Marvel Comic's Miss America (America Chavez) possesses an awareness and authenticity of Latinx culture and lesbian identity that was nothing less than revolutionary. Joe Quinones's artwork, rich in color, spirit, and pride, underscored the need for Latinx voices (both visual and verbal) to tell our stories. In this essay, I provide both a scholarly view of AMERICA as a superhero tale and illuminate the experience of reading her as a Latina lesbian...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694302/introduction-suffering-sappho-lesbian-content-and-queer-female-characters-in-comics
#10
Michelle Ann Abate, Karly Marie Grice, Christine N Stamper
Comics have been an important locus of queer female identity, community, and politics for generations. Whether taking the form of newspaper strips, comic books, or graphic novels and memoirs, the medium has a long history of featuring female same-sex attraction, relationships, and identity. This special issue explores the past place, current presence, and possible future status of lesbianism in comics. It features essays about cartoonists such as Jennifer Camper, characters such as Wonder Woman, and titles such as Lumberjanes...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694300/representations-of-same-sex-relationships-between-female-characters-in-all-ages-comics-princess-princess-ever-after-and-lumberjanes
#11
Erica Gillingham
Representations of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) characters in comics for an all-ages readership have emerged in the United States in the early twenty-first century. This essay examines the narrative constructions of same-sex relationships between female characters in two all-ages speculative fiction comics, Princess Princess Ever After by Katie O'Neill, and Lumberjanes, created by Shannon Watters, Grace Ellis, Noelle Stevenson, and Brooke Allen.
April 25, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694299/-there-is-no-such-thing-as-a-straight-woman-queer-female-representations-in-south-asian-graphic-narratives
#12
Poushali Bhadury
This essay provides a brief overview of some recent Indian and Bangladeshi comics and graphic novels, whether print-based or online, which feature queer female characters. The essay contextualizes these texts with respect to the anti-LGBTQ+ legal climate in South Asian countries, but also places them within a larger trajectory of literary representations of queer (female) love in the Indian subcontinent. The texts under examination range from print graphic novels and indie comics anthologies in India to comic strips brought out by queer activists working for LGBTQ+education and advocacy in Bangladesh...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694297/survival-angst-reading-hothead-paisan-in-the-trump-era
#13
Cynthia Barounis
This essay considers Diane DiMassa's 1990s comic book series Hothead Paisan: Homicidal Lesbian Terrorist alongside the recent rise and visibility of White supremacist movements following the 2016 United States election. While Hothead's acts of queer revenge primarily target White heterosexual cismen, several issues feature Hothead taking aim at neo-Nazis and the KKK. Exploring the way in which Hothead's relationship to debility and capacity is mediated by her gender, sexuality, and race, the essay argues that a biopolitical approach, including the recent scholarly turn to the non-human, can provide a useful framework for approaching interlocking systems of violence and oppression that go beyond traditional intersectional models of resistance...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694296/situating-cyberzone-black-lesbian-identity-in-comics
#14
Sheena C Howard
Cyberzone is a fitting place to start any discussion around Black lesbian identity in comics, as it is the first comic book that this researcher could find which features a Black lesbian female lead superheroine. Cyberzone was self-published by Jimmie Robinson in 1994 and later re-vamped into a mini-comic series called Amanda and Gunn with Image Comics. First, this article deconstructs Cyberzone through the lens of Cultural Prism Theory (CPT). Second, this article situates Cyberzone within the framework of CPT to address Cyberzone's place within the comic book ecosystem...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694276/-flabulously-femme-queer-fat-femme-women-s-identities-and-experiences
#15
Allison Taylor
This article explores how queer fat femme women experience, negotiate, and resist heteronormativity, misogyny, and fatphobia, alongside other intersecting oppressions. By analyzing fat femmes' narratives presented in blogs and personal essays, this article examines themes including: the role of femme in fat queers (re)claiming femininities, the masculinizing and/or feminizing effects of "fatness" for queer femmes, the mutual constitution of fatphobia and femmephobia, femme fa(t)shion, fat femme (in)visibility, and the importance of intersectional conceptions of queer fat femininities...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694275/a-regressive-formula-of-perversity-wertham-and-the-women-of-comics
#16
Carol L Tilley
This essay serves as a close reading of psychiatrist Fredric Wertham's 1950s descriptions and critiques of female comics characters. I draw on archival sources as well as relevant texts in the study of gender and sexuality. Additionally, I integrate ideas from two of his close associates, folklorist Gershon Legman and psychiatrist Hilde Mosse, whose contributions to Seduction of the Innocent are woven-often invisibly-throughout that text. The character of Wonder Woman serves as a touchstone, but other provocative female figures that Wertham found objectionable in mid-twentieth-century comics accompany her...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841381/rethinking-monogamy-s-nature-from-the-truth-of-non-monogamy-to-a-dyke-ethics-of-antimonogamy
#17
Angela Willey
Following Lynne Huffer's work on queer feminism, this abridged essay centers the figure of the lesbian in order to develop a dyke ethics that engenders nuanced thinking about both monogamy and embodiment. The essay reads Alison Bechdel's comic strip, Dykes to Watch Out For, to elaborate a "dyke ethics of anti-monogamy." Grounded in notions of friendship, community, and social justice, this ethics decenters the sexual dyad in a way that polyamory does not. It also insists upon a theoretical and ethical disposition of respect for the simultaneously political and embodied nature of desire...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816627/transfiguring-desire-divining-the-origin-of-species
#18
Sonny Nordmarken, Samuel Ace
In this piece, we combine autoethnographic and poetic methods/genres to examine intimate and social experiences we have had as two transmasculine queers with complex sexual and gender histories in an intergenerational relationship. If queerness/transness is a "species," our title, playing on Darwin, promises an answer to oft-asked problematic questions of queer/trans origins. Refusing to address this question, we instead turn Darwin on himself and examine intimate moments in our lives to show how we have experienced the constant formation and personal evolution of desire and identity...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796577/foreword-biology-embodiment-desire
#19
Jennifer Terry, Angela Willey
The sexological roots of "lesbian" and the "queer" turn from biologized categories of sexual difference pose an exciting set of questions and tensions for thinking about queer feminism and biological meanings. This issue seeks to open space to explore how we might reconcile assumptions about "female same-sex sexuality" that often accompany "lesbian" with queer and trans-feminist treatments of science, embodiment, and desiring, while at the same time insisting on the importance of an undertheorized dyke legacy for thinking the at-once material and political nature of sexuality...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767009/a-no-man-s-land-of-sex-reading-stephen-gordon-and-her-critics
#20
Katherine A Costello
One of the most read novels of lesbian, transgender, and queer criticism, Radclyffe Hall's novel The Well of Loneliness (1928) has given rise to numerous and contradictory interpretations of the protagonist Stephen Gordon's complex relationship to her body. Some have argued that she is a historically specific example of female masculinity, others that she is a lesbian who wishes she were more feminine, and others still that she is a prototypical transsexual character. Focusing on the exemplary essays by Jack Halberstam, Teresa de Lauretis, and Jay Prosser, I argue that the coexistence of mutually exclusive interpretations of Stephen Gordon's relationship to her femaleness suggests that the novel is, in fact, a demand to readers to unmoor identity from sex and to recognize what I call "sexual indeterminacy...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
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