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Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education

Rinat Michael, Joseph Attias, Eyal Raveh
This study examined the contribution of cochlear implants (CIs) to the social-emotional functioning of children who are deaf or hard of hearing (dhh). Sixty-three parents of children who are dhh participated in the study. Thirty children were CI users and 32 used hearing aids (HAs). They completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and a background questionnaire. Parents of children with CIs reported lower levels of hyperactivity/inattention and higher levels of pro-social behavior compared to parents of children with HAs...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
John L Luckner, Sara Movahedazarhouligh
To be successful in school and life individuals need to learn to understand and manage their emotions, get along with others and exercise good judgment. Children and youth who are deaf or hard of hearing have long been considered a population at risk for not developing age-appropriate social-emotional skills. The purpose of this study was to identify, review, and summarize the intervention research addressing social and emotional learning with children and youth who are deaf or hard of hearing. We examined the research published in professional peer-reviewed journals between the years 1996 and 2017...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Helen Chilton, Connie Mayer, Wendy McCracken
The link between Theory of Mind (ToM) and literacy is increasingly being recognized in the literature. However, the focus to date has concentrated on the connections between reading and ToM, with an emphasis on the ways in which ToM is implicated in making inferences from text and suggestions that engaging in reading fiction can support the development of ToM. The exploratory study presented in this paper is unique in its approach as it widens the focus to consider the relationship between ToM and writing. Using a developmental framework based on the work of Westby and Robinson (Westby, C...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Huizhi Wang, Yifang Wang, Yousong Hu
Emotional understanding plays an important role in the physical and mental health of children. To determine whether the development of emotional understanding is delayed in children with a cochlear implant (CI), 30 children with a CI and 30 matched children with typical hearing aged between 3 and 9 years old completed three tasks (facial expression, tone expression and scene of emotion matching), in which they identified four basic emotions (happiness, sadness, anger, and fear). The participants included 40 preschool children and 20 school-aged children...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Aileen Aldalur, Deborah Schooler
The sociocultural model of eating disorders highlights the role of internalization of the thin ideal in the development of negative body image and disordered eating. Considering the limited diversity of models in mainstream media, individuals belonging to minoritized cultural groups may resist identifying with and internalizing mainstream beauty messages. The extent of internalization may also depend on an individual's acculturation status and experiences of acculturative stress. This study applied the sociocultural model to culturally Deaf women...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Nancy Quick, Melody Harrison, Karen Erickson
This study examines the spelling of nine elementary school children with cochlear implants (CIs) who use spoken language, and compares their performance with children who have typical hearing and children who are hard of hearing (HH). Compared to children with typical hearing, children with CIs did not produce a significantly different percentage of misspelled words (p = 0.431, d = 0.38), but their spelling errors comprised significantly lower percentages of homophone substitutions (p = 0.019, r = 0.61) and legal vowel errors (p = 0...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Valerie Freeman
This study continues a project on speech-based impressions of early-implanted cochlear implant (CI) users. It examined relationships between listeners' attitudes or personal traits and how they judged CI users upon hearing their speech. College students with typical hearing (TH) listened to speech samples from CI users and TH young adults and rated the speakers' personalities and attractiveness as friends. CI users varied in speech intelligibility (proportion of words recognized by transcribers in prior work)...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Jesper Dammeyer, Marc Marschark, Ingo Zettler
A variety of studies have examined ways in which cognitive and social-emotional factors may be linked to and affected by hearing loss, use of cochlear implants (CIs), and sign language. A related domain that largely has been overlooked, however, is personality. This paper reports a study of personality traits and self-efficacy among deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH; n = 223) college students, with and without CIs, as compared to hearing peers (n = 106). All participants completed (HEXACO) personality trait and self-efficacy inventories; DHH participants also completed a communication questionnaire...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Jena McDaniel, Stephen Camarata, Paul Yoder
Although reducing visual input to emphasize auditory cues is a common practice in pediatric auditory (re)habilitation, the extant literature offers minimal empirical evidence for whether unisensory auditory-only (AO) or multisensory audiovisual (AV) input is more beneficial to children with hearing loss for developing spoken language skills. Using an adapted alternating treatments single case research design, we evaluated the effectiveness and efficiency of a receptive word learning intervention with and without access to visual speechreading cues...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Zed Sevcikova Sehyr, Marcel R Giezen, Karen Emmorey
This study investigated the impact of language modality and age of acquisition on semantic fluency in American Sign Language (ASL) and English. Experiment 1 compared semantic fluency performance (e.g., name as many animals as possible in 1 min) for deaf native and early ASL signers and hearing monolingual English speakers. The results showed similar fluency scores in both modalities when fingerspelled responses were included for ASL. Experiment 2 compared ASL and English fluency scores in hearing native and late ASL-English bilinguals...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Paige Johnson, Stephanie Cawthon, Bentley Fink, Erica Wendel, Sarah Schoffstall
Resilience in the face of trauma is an important yet elusive construct in human development. While there are prevalent data suggesting high rates of trauma among deaf individuals, valuable insight on how resilience evolves among deaf individuals within the context of trauma has yet to be explored sufficiently. This study explored the concept of resilience through semi-structured interviews with a total of 19 experienced mental health providers. Using an applied thematic analysis approach, the following five themes were identified as crucial protective factors in resilience processes: individual assets, identity development, access to language and communication, access to information, and supportive networks...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Pasquale Rinaldi, Maria Cristina Caselli, Tommaso Lucioli, Luca Lamano, Virginia Volterra
The aim of this study is to analyze Italian Sign Language (LIS) linguistic skills in two groups of deaf signing children at different ages, and to compare their skills with those of a group of deaf signing adults. For this purpose, we developed a new Sentence Reproduction Task (SRT) for Italian Sign Language (LIS-SRT), which we administered to 33 participants. Participants' scores and type of errors were analyzed to investigate similarities and differences related to both chronological age and age of LIS acquisition...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Brent C Elder, Michael A Schwartz
This article reports on findings from a qualitative study that explored the experiences of eight deaf participants in interacting with the justice system in Northern Ireland. The study was spurred by anecdotal evidence of challenges facing members of the Deaf community in obtaining access to solicitors. The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, to which the United Kingdom is a State Party, requires providers of goods, facilities, and services, which include solicitors, to provide effective communication access to deaf people seeking their services on an equal basis with non-disabled people...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Carolien Rieffe, Evelien Broekhof, Adva Eichengreen, Maartje Kouwenberg, Guida Veiga, Brenda M S da Silva, Anneke van der Laan, Johan H M Frijns
Emotional functioning plays a crucial role in the social development of children and adolescents. We examined the extent to which emotion control was related to the quality of friendships in pre-adolescents with and without hearing loss. We tested 350 pre-adolescents (75 deaf/hard of hearing in mainstream education (DHHm), 48 deaf/hard of hearing in special education (DHHs), and 227 hearing) through self-report. Outcomes confirmed a positive association between emotion control and positive friendships for all groups, with one notable exception: more approach strategies for emotion regulation were associated with more negative friendship features in the DHHs group...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Laurie S Eisenberg, Dianne Hammes Ganguly, Amy S Martinez, Laurel M Fisher, Margaret E Winter, Jamie L Glater, Debra K Schrader, Janice Loggins, Eric P Wilkinson
The auditory brainstem implant (ABI) is an auditory sensory device that is surgically placed on the cochlear nucleus of the brainstem for individuals who are deaf but unable to benefit from a cochlear implant (CI) due to anatomical abnormalities of the cochlea and/or eighth nerve, specific disease processes, or temporal bone fractures. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration has authorized a Phase I clinical trial to determine safety and feasibility of the ABI in up to 10 eligible young children who are deaf and either derived no benefit from the CI or were anatomically unable to receive a CI...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Jessica W Trussell, Jason Nordhaus, Alison Brusehaber, Brittany Amari
Deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) students have exhibited a morphological knowledge delay that begins in preschool and persists through college. Morphological knowledge is critical to vocabulary understanding and text comprehension in the science classroom. We investigated the effects of morphological instruction, commonly referred to as Word Detectives, on the morphological knowledge of college-age DHH students in a science course. We implemented a multiple probe across behaviors single-case experimental design study with nine student participants...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Devora Brand, Anat Zaidman-Zait, Tova Most
Parental involvement is vital to the implementation of intervention programs for deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) children. The current study examined the dyadic relationships between mothers' and fathers' coping resources and their involvement in their child's intervention program. In addition, the moderating roles of parent's gender and family religiosity on the associations between coping resources and involvement were examined. Seventy Jewish couples of parents of DHH children, representing various levels of religiosity, completed questionnaires regarding involvement in their child's intervention program, child acceptance, parental self-efficacy, and perceived social support...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Eric G Hansen, Ruth C Loew, Cara C Laitusis, Poorna Kushalnagar, Claudia M Pagliaro, Christopher Kurz
There is considerable interest in determining whether high-quality American Sign Language videos can be used as an accommodation in tests of mathematics at both K-12 and postsecondary levels; and in learning more about the usability (e.g., comprehensibility) of ASL videos with two different types of signers - avatar (animated figure) and human. The researchers describe the results of administering each of nine pre-college mathematics items in both avatar and human versions to each of 31 Deaf participants with high school and post-high school backgrounds...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Donald L Patrick, Todd C Edwards, Poorna Kushalnagar, Tari Topolski, Brenda Schick, Ann Skalicky, Kathleen Sie
We elicited caregiver-reported observations of children aged 5-10 who were deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) that resulted in two age-specific instruments: Caregiver Report of Behaviors and Events (CROBE-DHH 5-7 and 8-10). These new instruments record observations on communication and social behaviors/events. In Study 1, 36 caregivers provided qualitative data on important content on what they were able to observe for instrument development and in Study 2, 271 provided data for studying cross-sectional measurement properties...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Bin Xuan, Peng Li, Aiqing Zhang, Liping Yang
People with profound hearing loss show differences in language-related cognitive functions that may affect decision-making processes, but few studies have examined their decision-making behavior. The current study used the Iowa Gambling Task and the Game of Dice Task to explore the decision-making characteristics of adolescents with profound hearing loss. In the Iowa Gambling Task, deaf adolescents were more inclined to choose from the deck of infrequent losses with large immediate gains and larger future losses...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
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