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Bioresource Technology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651142/fast-pyrolysis-of-durian-durio-zibethinus-l-shell-in-a-drop-type-fixed-bed-reactor-pyrolysis-behavior-and-product-analyses
#1
Y L Tan, A Z Abdullah, B H Hameed
Durian shell (DS) was pyrolyzed in a drop-type fixed-bed reactor to study the physicochemical properties of the products. The experiment was carried out with different particle sizes (up to 5mm) and reaction temperatures (250-650°C). The highest bio-oil yield was obtained at 650°C (57.45wt%) with DS size of 1-2mm. The elemental composition and higher heating value of the feedstock, bio-oil (650°C), and bio-char (650°C) were determined and compared. The compositions of product gases were determined via gas chromatography with thermal conductivity detector...
June 23, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651143/elemental-migration-and-characterization-of-products-during-hydrothermal-liquefaction-of-cornstalk
#2
Zhangbing Zhu, Buchun Si, Jianwen Lu, Jamison Watson, Yuanhui Zhang, Zhidan Liu
Biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass through hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) is a promising direction. This study characterized the products and investigated the elemental migration during the HTL of cornstalk at seven different operation temperatures (210-375°C). The biocrude oil yield significantly increased from 7.04% (210°C) to 23.32% (290°C) as the temperature increased, and decreased to 21.07% when further increased to 375°C. A carbon recovery of 11.03-38.69%, and a hydrogen recovery of 7...
June 19, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651134/effect-of-salt-type-and-concentration-on-the-growth-and-lipid-content-of-chlorella-vulgaris-in-synthetic-saline-wastewater-for-biofuel-production
#3
Jared Church, Jae-Hoon Hwang, Keug-Tae Kim, Rebecca McLean, You-Kwan Oh, Bora Nam, Jin Chul Joo, Woo Hyoung Lee
Microalgae can offer several benefits for wastewater treatment with their ability to produce large amounts of lipids for biofuel production and the high economic value of harvested biomass for biogas and fertilizer. This study found that salt concentration (∼45gL(-1)) had more of an effect than salt type on metabolisms of Chlorella vulgaris for wastewater treatment and biofuel production. Salinity stress decreased the algal growth rate in wastewater by 0.003day(-1)permScm(-1) and slightly reduced nutrient removal rates...
June 17, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651133/material-flow-and-sustainability-analyses-of-biorefining-of-municipal-solid-waste
#4
Jhuma Sadhukhan, Elias Martinez-Hernandez
This paper presents material flow and sustainability analyses of novel mechanical biological chemical treatment system for complete valorization of municipal solid waste (MSW). It integrates material recovery facility (MRF); pulping, chemical conversion; effluent treatment plant (ETP), anaerobic digestion (AD); and combined heat and power (CHP) systems producing end products: recyclables (24.9% by mass of MSW), metals (2.7%), fibre (1.5%); levulinic acid (7.4%); recyclable water (14.7%), fertiliser (8.3%); and electricity (0...
June 17, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637166/comparison-of-the-anaerobic-digestion-at-the-mesophilic-and-thermophilic-temperature-regime-of-organic-wastes-from-the-agribusiness
#5
Daniela Almeida Streitwieser
An overall kinetic power law model has been successfully applied to study the anaerobic digestion of agricultural wastes. In this comparative kinetic study feed composition, organic load rate, residence time and process temperature have been systematically varied in an automated semi-continuous fermentation system to obtain the dependency of the rate of degradation as biogas production on the organic load rate and temperature. The results show that the overall reaction order depend only on the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) at values between 3...
June 17, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651139/valorization-of-raw-glycerol-and-crustacean-waste-into-value-added-products-by-yarrowia-lipolytica
#6
Sara Magdouli, Tayssir Guedri, Rouissi Tarek, Satinder Kaur Brar, Jean François Blais
Crude glycerol has been widely investigated as a renewable carbon source for biodiesel production. In the present study, this feedstock was supplemented by various inducers: surfactants and oils to enhance lipid and lipase production by the newly isolated yeast, Yarrowia lipolytica. Results have shown that a culture medium composed of olive oil could enhance lipase activity at 25U/mL and lipid content up to 35% (w/w). The fortification of the medium with crustacean waste increased the lipase activity up to 38U/mL...
June 16, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651136/production-of-long-chain-alkyl-esters-from-carbon-dioxide-and-electricity-by-a-two-stage-bacterial-process
#7
Tapio Lehtinen, Elena Efimova, Pier-Luc Tremblay, Suvi Santala, Tian Zhang, Ville Santala
Microbial electrosynthesis (MES) is a promising technology for the reduction of carbon dioxide into value-added multicarbon molecules. In order to broaden the product profile of MES processes, we developed a two-stage process for microbial conversion of carbon dioxide and electricity into long chain alkyl esters. In the first stage, the carbon dioxide is reduced to organic compounds, mainly acetate, in a MES process by Sporomusa ovata. In the second stage, the liquid end-products of the MES process are converted to the final product by a second microorganism, Acinetobacter baylyi in an aerobic bioprocess...
June 16, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651129/catalytic-upgrading-of-bio-products-derived-from-pyrolysis-of-red-macroalgae-gracilaria-gracilis-with-a-promising-novel-micro-mesoporous-catalyst
#8
Omid Norouzi, Ahmad Tavasoli, Sajedeh Jafarian, Sasan Esmailpour
Conversion of Gracilaria gracilis (G. gracilis) into bio-products was carried out via pyrolysis at different temperatures to determine its potential for phenol-rich bio-oil. Co-Mo supported on zeolites (HZSM-5), mesoporous (HMS) catalysts and their composites (ZH) were investigated and compared to each other on catalytic pyrolysis processes. In non-catalytic tests, the maximum weight percentage of bio-oil was 42wt% at 500°C and had the maximum amount of phenol (6.28wt%). in the catalytic tests by ZH composites; the addition of zeolite content in the structure of composites significantly decreased total concentrations of acetic acid and formic acid from 9...
June 16, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651135/a-model-biorefinery-for-avocado-persea-americana-mill-processing
#9
Javier A Dávila, Moshe Rosenberg, Eulogio Castro, Carlos A Cardona
This research investigated and evaluated a biorefinery for processing avocado Hass variety into microencapsulated phenolic compounds extract, ethanol, oil and xylitol. Avocado was first characterized for its potential valuable compounds; then, the techno-economic and environmental aspects of the biorefinery were developed and finally the total production costs and potential environmental impact of the proposed biorefinery were investigated. Four scenarios of the biorefinery were evaluated with different extent of mass and energy integration as well as the incorporation of a cogeneration system...
June 15, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629104/efficient-2-4-dichloronitrobenzene-removal-in-the-coupled-bes-uasb-reactor-effect-of-external-voltage-mode
#10
Hui Chen, Xinyi Gao, Caiqin Wang, Junjie Shao, Xiangyang Xu, Liang Zhu
In this study, bioelectrochemical-upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (BES-UASB) system was developed for treatment of 2,4-dichloronitrobenzen (DClNB) containing wastewater to investigate the effect of external voltage with different supplying modes. Results showed that 2,4-dichloroaniline (DClAN) was under detection limit in R1 (applied with intermittent voltage) and R2 (applied with continuous voltage) when the DClNB loading increased from 25 to 100gm(3)d(-1) (hydraulic retention time (HRT) was decreased from 24 to 6h) while sudden accumulation of DClAN (1...
June 15, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625351/challenges-of-non-flocculating-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-haploid-strain-against-inhibitory-chemical-complex-for-ethanol-production
#11
Prihardi Kahar, Eny Ida Riyanti, Hiromi Otsuka, Hana Matsumoto, Chie Kihira, Chiaki Ogino, Akihiko Kondo
This study provides insight observation based on the gene expression and the metabolomic analysis of the natural robust yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae NBRC849 during the fermentation in the medium containing inhibitory chemical complexes (ICC) at different concentrations. The tolerance mechanisms involved in the strain might have existed through the upregulation of genes involved in NAD(H)/NADP(H) cofactors generations (ALD6, ZWF1, GND1), membrane robustness for efflux pump (YOR1, PDR5, TPO3) and cation/polyamine transport (TPO3)...
June 15, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625349/ulva-biomass-as-a-co-substrate-for-stable-anaerobic-digestion-of-spent-coffee-grounds-in-continuous-mode
#12
Jaai Kim, Hakchan Kim, Changsoo Lee
Ulva biomass was evaluated as a co-substrate for anaerobic digestion of spent coffee grounds at varying organic loads (0.7-1.6g chemical oxygen demand (COD)/Ld) and substrate compositions. Co-digestion with Ulva (25%, COD basis) proved beneficial for SCG biomethanation in both terms of process performance and stability. The beneficial effect is much more pronounced at higher organic and hydraulic loads, with the highest COD removal and methane yield being 51.8% and 0.19L/g COD fed, respectively. The reactor microbial community structure changed dynamically during the experiment, and a dominance shift from hydrogenotrophic to aceticlastic methanogens occurred with increase in organic loading rate...
June 15, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628989/pollutant-removal-and-microorganism-evolution-of-activated-sludge-under-ofloxacin-selection-pressure
#13
Qiang Kong, Xiao He, Yu Feng, Ming-Sheng Miao, Qian Wang, Yuan-da Du, Fei Xu
An activated sludge sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was fed with synthetic wastewater containing ofloxacin (OFL) for 52days to study the overall performance of the SBR, the characteristics of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and the bacterial community shift. Removal efficiencies of chemical oxygen demand, ammonia nitrogen, phosphorus and OFL were maintained at 90%, 96%, 80% and 65%, respectively. The EPS contents increased with increasing OFL concentration because more EPS was secreted to protect cells from OFL damage...
June 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628987/a-long-term-study-on-the-effect-of-magnetite-supplementation-in-continuous-anaerobic-digestion-of-dairy-effluent-magnetic-separation-and-recycling-of-magnetite
#14
Gahyun Baek, Heejung Jung, Jaai Kim, Changsoo Lee
Promotion of direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) between exoelectrogenic bacteria and electron-utilizing methanogens has recently been discussed as a new method for enhanced biomethanation. This study evaluated the effect of magnetite-promoted DIET in continuous anaerobic digestion of dairy effluent and tested the magnetic separation and recycling of magnetite to avoid continuous magnetite addition. The applied magnetite recycling method effectively supported enhanced DIET activity and biomethanation performance over a long period (>250days) without adding extra magnetite...
June 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628986/acetate-production-and-electron-utilization-facilitated-by-sulfate-reducing-bacteria-in-a-microbial-electrosynthesis-system
#15
Yinbo Xiang, Guangli Liu, Renduo Zhang, Yaobin Lu, Haiping Luo
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of sulfate-reducing bacteria on performance of a mixed culture microbial electrosynthesis system (MES). The two-chamber MESs were operated under different cathode potentials (-0.5, -0.6, -0.7, and -0.8V) with or without addition of 6mM sulfate. At -0.7V, acetate production and electrons harvesting in the MES with the sulfate addition were 31.81mM and 5152C, respectively, which improved by 2.7 and 2.4times compared to that without sulfate. With sulfate, the biomass, proportion of live cells, and electrochemical activity of cathode biofilm were enhanced at all the potentials...
June 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628983/immobilized-oleaginous-microalgae-for-production-of-lipid-and-phytoremediation-of-secondary-effluent-from-palm-oil-mill-in-fluidized-bed-photobioreactor
#16
Benjamas Cheirsilp, Tipawan Thawechai, Poonsuk Prasertsan
Oleaginous microalga Nannochloropsis sp. was immobilized in alginate gel beads and cultivated under optimal conditions that their growth and lipid production were comparable to those of free cells. The immobilized cells were used in phytoremediation of secondary effluent from palm oil mill and easily recovered by simple sieving method. The immobilized cells contributed to removal of nitrogen and phosphorus >90% and CO2 mitigation >99%. They also gave the biomass and lipid production of 1.300±0.050g/L and 0...
June 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628980/depolymerization-of-cellulose-into-high-value-chemicals-by-using-synergy-of-zinc-chloride-hydrate-and-sulfate-ion-promoted-titania-catalyst
#17
Weiqi Wei, Shubin Wu
Experiments for cellulose depolymerization by synergy of zinc chloride hydrate (ZnCl2·RH2O) and sulfated titania catalyst (SO4(2-)/TiO2) were investigated in this study. The results showed the introduction of sulfate into the TiO2 significantly enhanced the catalyst acid amount, especially for Brønsted acid site, which is beneficial for subsequent cellulose depolymerization. ZnCl2·RH2O hydrate, only a narrow composition range of water, specifically 3.0≤R≤4.0, can dissolve cellulose, which finally resulted the cellulose with low crystallinity and weak intrachain and interchain hydrogen bond network...
June 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628979/the-short-and-long-term-effects-of-mn-2-on-biogranule-based-anaerobic-ammonium-oxidation-anammox
#18
Jia-Jia Xu, Zheng-Zhe Zhang, Qian-Qian Chen, Zheng-Quan Ji, Ying-Hong Zhu, Ren-Cun Jin
The short- and long-term effects of Mn(2+) on the performance of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) granules were investigated in the present study. Anammox activity was determined at various Mn(2+) concentrations in batch assays, and the 50% inhibition concentration value was determined to be 7.33mgL(-1). However, no obvious deterioration of reactor performance was observed during the 150-day continuous-flow operation, and the nitrogen removal efficiency of the test reactor (R1) fluctuated between 91% and 92% as the Mn(2+) concentration was increased from 1 to 200mgL(-1)...
June 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624247/production-of-l-alanyl-l-glutamine-by-recycling-e-coli-expressing-%C3%AE-amino-acid-ester-acyltransferase
#19
Yimin Li, Wenjie Yuan, Jiaoqi Gao, Chao Fan, Wenzhong Wu, Fengwu Bai
In this study, the optimum induction and reaction conditions, and fermentation process of producing Ala-Gln by E. coli Origami 2 overexpressing α-amino acid ester acyltransferase (OPA) were investigated. Besides, the Ala-Gln synthesis by OPA achieved the maximum molar yield of 94.7% and productivity of 1.89g/L/min due to the extremely high enzyme activity. On this basis, repeated-cycle batch fermentation to produce Ala-Gln indicated that OPA could maintain high Ala-Gln yields and enzyme stabilities after several cell recycling...
June 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651325/design-of-marine-macroalgae-photobioreactor-integrated-into-building-to-support-seagriculture-for-biorefinery-and-bioeconomy
#20
Alexander Chemodanov, Arthur Robin, Alexander Golberg
Seagriculture, which can provide offshore grown macroalgae biomass would play a significant role in bioeconomy. Nevertheless, seagriculture development has been hindered by the lack of laboratory photobioreactors that enable fundamental and pilot scale macroalgae research. In this work, a macroalgae photobioreactor (MPBR) was developed and integrated into the building. The MPBR operation was demonstrated for 6months with cultivation of Cladophora sp., Ulva compressa and Ulva rigida green macroalgae species isolated from 3 sites at the Eastern Mediterranean coast...
June 13, 2017: Bioresource Technology
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