Read by QxMD icon Read

Macromolecular Rapid Communications

Tianqi Liu, Xin Peng, Ya-Nan Chen, Qing-Wen Bai, Cong Shang, Lin Zhang, Huiliang Wang
A novel type of polymeric material with tunable mechanical properties is fabricated from polymers and small molecules that can form hydrogen-bonded intermolecular complexes (IMCs). In this work, poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)-glycerol hydrogels are first prepared, and then they are dried to form IMCs. The tensile strengths and moduli of IMCs decrease dramatically with increasing glycerol content, while the elongations increase gradually. The mechanical properties are comparable with or even superior to those of common engineering plastics and rubbers...
March 13, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Xiao-Xia Le, Yu-Chong Zhang, Wei Lu, Li Wang, Jing Zheng, Israt Ali, Jia-Wei Zhang, You-Ju Huang, Michael J Serpe, Xi-Tao Yang, Xin-Dong Fan, Tao Chen
Although shape memory polymers have been highlighted widely and developed rapidly, it is still a challenging task to realize complex temporary shapes automatically in practical applications. Herein, a novel shape memory hydrogel with the ability of self-deformation is presented. Through constructing an anisotropic poly(acrylic acid)-polyacrylamide (PAAc-PAAm) structure, the obtained hydrogel exhibits stable self-deformation behavior in response to pH stimulus, and the shapes that formed automatically can be fixed by the coordination between carboxylic groups and Fe3+ ; therefore, self-deformation and shape memory behaviors are integrated in one system...
March 13, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Taichi Ikeda
Glycidyl triazolyl polymer (GTP), which is the product of the Huisgen dipolar cycloaddition reaction between glycidyl azide polymer and alkyne derivatives, is featured here. GTP is the multifunctionalized poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). The drawback of PEG is that linear PEG has the functional group only at both ends. The low loading capability of the functional groups limits the possibilities of PEG applications. GTP facilitates the synthesis of multifunctionalized PEG derivatives. In this article, 74 examples of GTP homopolymers and copolymers are introduced...
March 12, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Xu-Man Chen, Yong Chen, Lu Liang, Qiu-Jun Liu, Yu Liu
Circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) induced by host-guest complexation remains a challenge in supramolecular chemistry. Herein, a couple of CPL-silent enantiomeric guest binaphthylbis(4,4'-bipyridinium) salts can emit obvious CPL in the presence of cucurbit[8]uril in aqueous media, due to the restriction of molecular rotation limitation effect. Such CPL can be reversibly adjusted by the addition of acid and base. Furthermore, the resultant supramolecular systems can interact with DNA, accompanied by the morphological conversion from branched supramolecular nanowires to exfoliated nanowires, which can enable to the exploration of such supramolecular systems as DNA markers by CPL signals...
March 12, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Zhenchao Qian, Zhen Wang, Ning Zhao, Jian Xu
Aerogels are gels in which the solvent is supplanted by air while the pores and networks are largely maintained. Owing to their low bulk density, high porosity, and large specific surface area (SSA), aerogels are promising for many applications. Various inorganic aerogels, e.g., silica aerogels, are intensively studied. However, the mechanical brittleness of common inorganic aerogels has seriously restricted their applications. In the past decade, nanofibers have been developed as building blocks for the construction of aerogels to improve their mechanical property...
March 8, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Junkun Tang, Yan Zhou, Liqiang Wan, Farong Huang
Shape-memory polymers (SMPs) possess the capability to change shapes upon stimulation; however, the programming process that determines the temporary shape cannot proceed without external manipulation, which may greatly affect the shape complexity, accuracy, and reproducibility. Here, an automatically programmable SMP (AP-SMP) based on asymmetric swelling of bilayer SMP structures is demonstrated without external manipulation. In the automatic programming process, the AP-SMP can be deformed by the swelling of its hydrophilic hinge film in warm water to a temporary shape, which could be fixed by the glass transition of the two SMP films through cooling and drying in air...
March 8, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Boyce S Chang, Stephanie Oyola-Reynoso, Joel Cutinho, Martin M Thuo
A facile method is reported for rapid, room-temperature synthesis of block copolymers (BCP) of complex morphology and hence nontraditional spherical assembly. The use of solvated electrons generates radical anions on olefinic monomers, and with a felicitous choice of monomer pairs, this species will propagate bimechanistically (via radical and the anion) to form BCPs. Molecular weight of the obtained BCP range from Mw = 97 000-404 000 g mol-1 (polydispersity index, PDI = 1.4-3.0) depending on monomer pairs...
March 8, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Shuang Ma, Huiyi Zhang, Rafaël J Sablong, Cor E Koning, Rolf A T M van Benthem
t-Butyl-oxycarbonylated diamines ("di-Boc-carbamates") are investigated as dicarbamate monomers for diamine/dicarbamate polymerizations. Polyureas (PUs) and polyurethanes (PURs) with high molecular weights are prepared from stoichiometric polymerizations of diamines or diols with N-N'-di-t-butyl-oxycarbonyl isophorone diamine (DiBoc-IPDC) using KOt-Bu as a catalyst, while gelation is observed when an excess of DiBoc-IPDC is used with respect to the diamines or diols. Stable dispersions are obtained from PUs and PURs with 3,3'-diamino-N-methyldipropylamine (DMDPA) as internal dispersing agent...
March 8, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Fei Gao, Li Zhang, Chao Yu, Xinwen Yan, Shaowen Zhang, Xiaofang Li
Chromium-based metal-organic framework (MOF) Cr-MIL-100/101 activated by activator and aluminum trialkyl compound serve as unique, highly efficient heterogeneous single-site catalysts for the controlled polymerization of isoprene, which not only exhibit quasi-living nature in isoprene polymerization but also unprecedentedly switch from cyclic to cis-1,4-selectivity depending on the activator used to yield low molecular weight cyclic PIPs or extremely high molecular weight cis-1,4-PIPs. Such heterogeneous Cr-MOF catalysts can be recycled approximately five times...
March 5, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Giacomo Mariani, Anja Krieger, Daniel Moldenhauer, Ralf Schweins, Franziska Gröhn
A light-triggered shape change of supramolecular nanostructures is achieved through electrostatically self-assembly of linear polyelectrolytes and oppositely charged dyes in aqueous solution: Upon UV-irradiation, 1-µm-long, flexible cylinders with a cross-section of 10 nm convert into ellipsoids of 400 nm × 40 nm. The nano-object shape is encoded in the molecular dye structure.
March 5, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Marios Neophytou, Daniel Bryant, Sergei Lopatin, Hu Chen, Rawad K Hallani, Lewis Cater, Iain McCulloch, Wan Yue
This work reports the synthesis, characterization, photophysical, and photovoltaic properties of five new thieno[3,2-b][1]benzothiophene isoindigo (TBTI)-containing low bandgap donor-acceptor conjugated polymers with a series of comonomers and different side chains. When TBTI is combined with different electron-rich moieties, even small structural variations can have significant impact on thin film morphology of the polymer:phenyl C70 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) blends. More importantly, high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy is used to investigate the phase-separated bulk heterojunction domains, which can be accurately and precisely resolved, enabling an enhanced correlation between polymer chemical structure, photovoltaic device performance, and morphology...
March 5, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Yun Tan, Di Wang, Huaxiu Xu, Yang Yang, Wenli An, Lina Yu, Zhixin Xiao, Shimei Xu
Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)/Laponite (PNIPAM/Laponite) gradient nanocomposite hydrogel actuators are developed as temperature-controlled actuators with excellent performance using a facile electrophoresis method. The actuators exhibit a rapid (20 s response time) and reversible response, as well as large deformation (bending angle of 231°), which is due to the graded forces generated by the thermo-induced anisotropic shrinkage and extension of the gradient hydrogels. A good linear relationship is observed between the maximum bending angles and the corresponding temperatures for the actuators with fixed sizes...
February 28, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Tanner D Fink, R Helen Zha
Silk is a source of marvel for centuries as one of nature's high-performance materials. More recently, chemical and structural analysis techniques have helped explore the relationship between silk's properties and its hierarchical structure. Furthermore, recombinant protein engineering as well as polymer and organic synthesis techniques have enabled the production of silk-like materials. It has become apparent that silk is a supramolecular polymer with many of the properties exhibited by well-known synthetic supramolecular materials, such as block copolymers, liquid crystals, thermoplastic elastomers, and self-assembling peptides...
February 19, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Jason G Binfield, Johannes C Brendel, Neil R Cameron, Ahmed M Eissa, Sébastien Perrier
Since their discovery in 1993, interest in various aspects of cyclic peptides (CPs) has expanded rapidly. Of particular note is their potential to form artificial ion channels in lipid membranes, an attractive characteristic in supramolecular chemistry and biological research. The design and synthesis of cyclic peptide-polymer conjugates (CPPCs) that can self-assemble within lipid bilayers into nanotubes, mimicking naturally occurring membrane channels and pores, has been reported. However, methods that allow direct detection of the transport process with high levels of certainty are still lacking...
February 16, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Ho-Keng Lin, Ying-Ling Liu
A novel approach to preparing polymeric materials using elemental sulfur as a feedstock through the newly developed sulfur radical transfer and coupling (SRTC) reaction is reported herein. Polybenzoxazines with high sulfur contents are prepared using the SRTC reaction with benzoxazine compounds as the radical acceptors. The reactions between elemental sulfur and benzoxazine rings are analyzed with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), 1 H NMR, and 13 C DEPT spectroscopies to elucidate the SRTC reaction mechanism...
February 16, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Ryota Tamate, Kotomi Takahashi, Takeshi Ueki, Aya Mizutani Akimoto, Ryo Yoshida
Two complementary thermoreversible ABC triblock copolymers containing either phenylboronic acids with low pK a values or galactosyl groups in the hydrophilic B blocks are synthesized by sequential reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization and subsequent modification of the functional groups. Both ABC triblock copolymers undergo reversible sol-to-gel transitions upon temperature change and form physically cross-linked hydrogels under physiological conditions. Furthermore, the spontaneous adhesion of these thermoreversible hydrogels via the formation of boronic esters between the phenylboronic acid and galactosyl groups under physiological conditions is realized for the first time...
February 16, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Ning Zhu, Weijun Huang, Xin Hu, Yihuan Liu, Zheng Fang, Kai Guo
Thiol-terminated poly(δ-valerolactone) is directly synthesized via enzymatic 6-mercapto-1-hexanol initiated ring-opening polymerization in both batch and microreactor. By using Candida antartica Lipase B immobilized tubular reactor, narrowly dispersed poly(δ-valerolactone) with higher thiol fidelity is more efficiently prepared in contrast to the batch reactor. Moreover, the integrated enzyme packed tubular reactor system is established to perform the chain extension experiments. Thiol-terminated poly(δ-valerolactone)-block-poly(ε-caprolactone) and poly(ε-caprolactone)-block-poly(δ-valerolactone) are easily prepared by modulating the monomer introduction sequence...
February 16, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Tao Jia, Zhenye Li, Lei Ying, Jianchao Jia, Baobing Fan, Wenkai Zhong, Feilong Pan, Penghui He, Junwu Chen, Fei Huang, Yong Cao
The design and synthesis of three n-type conjugated polymers based on a naphthalene diimide-thiophene skeleton are presented. The control polymer, PNDI-2HD, has two identical 2-hexyldecyl side chains, and the other polymers have different alkyl side chains; PNDI-EHDT has a 2-ethylhexyl and a 2-decyltetradecyl side chain, and PNDI-BOOD has a 2-butyloctyl and a 2-octyldodecyl side chain. These copolymers with different alkyl side chains exhibit higher melting and crystallization temperatures, and stronger aggregation in solution, than the control copolymer PNDI-2HD that has the same side chain...
February 13, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Honghong Zhang, Ting Li, Zuo Xiao, Zhongli Lei, Liming Ding
Two conjugated copolymer donors, PTTABDT and PBTTABDT, based on a fused-ring azepinedione acceptor unit, 5-(2-octyldodecyl)-4H-thieno[2',3':4,5]thieno[3,2-c]thieno[2',3':4,5]thieno[2,3-e]azepine-4,6(5H)-dione (TTA), are prepared. PTTABDT possesses a conventional donor-acceptor (D-A) structure with one TTA in the repeat unit, while PBTTABDT has a D-A-A structure with two TTAs in the repeat unit. Compared with PTTABDT, PBTTABDT shows a deeper highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) level, a narrower bandgap, and a higher hole mobility, and exhibits better performance in bulk heterojunction solar cells...
February 13, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Xin Song, Meijie Fan, Kaili Zhang, Dakang Ding, Weiye Chen, Yonghai Li, Liangmin Yu, Mingliang Sun, Renqiang Yang
Benzo[c][1,2,5]oxadiazole (BO) moiety is a strong electron-withdrawing unit compared to benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole (BT). It is usually introduced as an acceptor to construct narrow band-gap donor-acceptor (D-A) materials. Herein, the π-extended conjugated moiety dithieno[3',2':3,4″;2,3″:5,6]benzo[1,2-c][1,2,5]oxadiazole (BOT) was adopted as the acceptor moiety to design D-A polymers. Considering the more extended π-conjugated molecular system of BOT compared to the BO unit, a narrower optical band-gap is expected for BOT-based IDT polymer (PIDT-BOT)...
February 13, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"