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Journal of Plant Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819805/diversity-and-evolution-of-leaf-anatomical-characters-in-taxaceae-s-l-fluorescence-microscopy-reveals-new-delimitating-characters
#1
Christoph Elpe, Patrick Knopf, Thomas Stützel, Christian Schulz
Taxaceae s.l. comprise six genera (including Cephalotaxus) and about 35 species; The present study aims to give new insights into the evolution of this family, especially into the phylogenetic position of Cephalotaxus. Moreover, only little is known about comparative leaf anatomy of this family and this study aims to expose and interpret the diversity and evolution of leaf anatomical characters and to assess their applicability to identify taxa at the generic and species level. A detailed phylogeny was reconstructed, using both maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference, with a combined dataset of four molecular markers from the plastid and nuclear genomes...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808815/physiological-responses-and-antioxidant-enzyme-changes-in-sulla-coronaria-inoculated-by-cadmium-resistant-bacteria
#2
Manel Chiboub, Salwa Harzalli Jebara, Omar Saadani, Imen Challougui Fatnassi, Souhir Abdelkerim, Moez Jebara
Plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) may help to reduce the toxicity of heavy metals on plants growing in polluted soils. In this work, Sulla coronaria inoculated with four Cd resistant bacteria (two Pseudomonas spp. and two Rhizobium sullae) were cultivated in hydroponic conditions treated by Cd; long time treatment 50 µM CdCl2 for 30 days and short time treatment; 100 µM CdCl2 for 7 days. Results showed that inoculation with Cd resistant PGPB enhanced plant biomass, thus shoot and root dry weights of control plants were enhanced by 148 and 35% respectively after 7 days...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785824/circumnutation-and-distribution-of-phytohormones-in-vigna-angularis-epicotyls
#3
Motoyuki Iida, Toshihiko Takano, Takakazu Matsuura, Izumi C Mori, Shingo Takagi
Circumnutation is a plant growth movement in which the tips of axial organs draw a circular orbit. Although it has been studied since the nineteenth century, its mechanism and significance are still unclear. Greened adzuki bean (Vigna angularis) epicotyls exhibited a clockwise circumnutation in the top view with a constant period of 60 min under continuous white light. The bending zone of circumnutation on the epicotyls was always located in the region 1-3 cm below the tip, and its basal end was almost identical to the apical end of the region where the epicotyl had completely elongated...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780671/erratum-to-loss-of-heterophylly-in-aquatic-plants-not-aba-mediated-stress-but-exogenous-aba-treatment-induces-stomatal-leaves-in-potamogeton-perfoliatus
#4
Satoko Iida, Miyuki Ikeda, Momoe Amano, Hidetoshi Sakayama, Yasuro Kadono, Keiko Kosuge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780670/erratum-to-glutamate-functions-in-stomatal-closure-in-arabidopsis-and-fava-bean
#5
Riichiro Yoshida, Izumi C Mori, Nobuto Kamizono, Yudai Shichiri, Tetsuo Shimatani, Fumika Miyata, Kenji Honda, Sumio Iwai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770485/non-destructive-measurement-of-soybean-leaf-thickness-via-x-ray-computed-tomography-allows-the-study-of-diel-leaf-growth-rhythms-in-the-third-dimension
#6
Johannes Pfeifer, Michael Mielewczik, Michael Friedli, Norbert Kirchgessner, Achim Walter
Present-day high-resolution leaf growth measurements provide exciting insights into diel (24-h) leaf growth rhythms and their control by the circadian clock, which match photosynthesis with oscillating environmental conditions. However, these methods are based on measurements of leaf area or elongation and neglect diel changes of leaf thickness. In contrast, the influence of various environmental stress factors to which leaves are exposed to during growth on the final leaf thickness has been studied extensively...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761993/coumarin-impairs-redox-homeostasis-in-wheat-aleurone-layers
#7
Ahmed M Saleh, Rashad Kebeish
Many plant families produce coumarin (COU) and its derivatives as secondary metabolites via the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway. This ubiquitous group of phytochemicals was shown to have diverse physiological effects on cellular, tissue, and organ levels. So far, research dealing with the hormonal like behavior of COU and its interaction with the activity and/or transport of phytohormones is very limited. In the current study, the impact of COU on redox homeostasis in aleurone layers of wheat grains was investigated...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741041/end-of-an-enigma-aenigmopteris-belongs-in-tectaria-tectariaceae-polypodiopsida
#8
Cheng-Wei Chen, Carl J Rothfels, Andi Maryani A Mustapeng, Markus Gubilil, Dirk Nikolaus Karger, Michael Kessler, Yao-Moan Huang
The phylogenetic affinities of the fern genus Aenigmopteris have been the subject of considerable disagreement, but until now, no molecular data were available from the genus. Based on the analysis of three chloroplast DNA regions (rbcL, rps16-matK, and trnL-F) we demonstrate that Aenigmopteris dubia (the type species of the genus) and A. elegans are closely related and deeply imbedded in Tectaria. The other three species of genus are morphologically very similar; we therefore transfer all five known species into Tectaria...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733783/perianth-organs-in-nymphaeaceae-comparative-study-on-epidermal-and-structural-characters
#9
Lucía Melisa Zini, Beatriz Gloria Galati, María Silvia Ferrucci
The perianth organs of six species of Nymphaeaceae, representing Euryale, Nymphaea and Victoria, were studied on the basis of macroscopical, micromorphological, and anatomical characters. The aims were to determine whether perianth is differentiated among tepal whorls considering the presence of sepaloid and petaloid characters, and to evaluate the occurrence of both features in individual tepals. Selected perianth series were examined macroscopically, with light microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718040/erratum-to-phylogeny-and-biogeography-of-the-genus-stevia-asteraceae-eupatorieae-an-example-of-diversification-in-the-asteraceae-in-the-new-world
#10
Akiko Soejima, Akifumi S Tanabe, Izumi Takayama, Takayuki Kawahara, Kuniaki Watanabe, Miyuki Nakazawa, Misako Mishima, Tetsukazu Yahara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711996/the-physiological-and-metabolic-changes-in-sugar-beet-seedlings-under-different-levels-of-salt-stress
#11
Yuguang Wang, Piergiorgio Stevanato, Lihua Yu, Huijie Zhao, Xuewei Sun, Fei Sun, Jing Li, Gui Geng
Salinity stress is a major limitation to global crop production. Sugar beet, one of the world's leading sugar crops, has stronger salt tolerant characteristics than other crops. To investigate the response to different levels of salt stress, sugar beet was grown hydroponically under 3 (control), 70, 140, 210 and 280 mM NaCl conditions. We found no differences in dry weight of the aerial part and leaf area between 70 mM NaCl and control conditions, although dry weight of the root and whole plant treated with 70 mM NaCl was lower than control seedlings...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667406/biochemical-indicators-of-root-damage-in-rice-oryza-sativa-genotypes-under-zinc-deficiency-stress
#12
Jae-Sung Lee, Matthias Wissuwa, Oscar B Zamora, Abdelbagi M Ismail
Zn deficiency is one of the major soil constraints currently limiting rice production. Although recent studies demonstrated that higher antioxidant activity in leaf tissue effectively protects against Zn deficiency stress, little is known about whether similar tolerance mechanisms operate in root tissue. In this study we explored root-specific responses of different rice genotypes to Zn deficiency. Root solute leakage and biomass reduction, antioxidant activity, and metabolic changes were measured using plants grown in Zn-deficient soil and hydroponics...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653222/anatomical-responses-of-leaf-and-stem-of-arabidopsis-thaliana-to-nitrogen-and-phosphorus-addition
#13
Qiong Cai, Chengjun Ji, Zhengbing Yan, Xingxing Jiang, Jingyun Fang
Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) availabilities play crucial roles in plant morphogenesis and physiological processes, but how plant anatomical traits respond to the N and P supply is not well elucidated. We evaluated the effects of N and P supply on multiple leaf and stem anatomical traits of Arabidopsis thaliana. The addition of N increased the stem diameter, cortex thickness, rosette radius, midrib thickness, and size of leaf and stem vasculature significantly. Abaxial stomatal length (LSL) increased while adaxial epidermal cell density decreased significantly with increasing N supply...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642987/chromosome-number-and-genome-size-variation-in-colocasia-araceae-from-china
#14
Guang-Yan Wang, Xiao-Ming Zhang, Min Qian, Xiang-Yang Hu, Yong-Ping Yang
Chromosome number and genome size are important cytological characters that significantly influence various organismal traits. We investigated chromosome number and genome size variation in 73 accessions belonging to four Colocasia species from China. Five different chromosome counts (2n = 26, 28, 38, 42, and 56) were found, the largest one representing a new record in Colocasia. The basic chromosome numbers are x = 13, 14, and 19, corresponding to 2x, 3x, and 4x cytotypes. Yunnan Province, China is considered the center of Colocasia polyploid origin...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642986/viridiuvalis-adhaerens-gen-et-sp-nov-a-novel-colony-forming-chlorarachniophyte
#15
Takashi Shiratori, Sakuya Fujita, Tenma Shimizu, Takeshi Nakayama, Ken-Ichiro Ishida
A new chlorarachniophyte, Viridiuvalis adhaerens gen. et sp. nov. was isolated from the mucus on a coral reef from Zanpa Beach, Okinawa, Japan. The main vegetative stage of V. adhaerens consisted of unicellular coccoid cells with cell walls, although sarcinoid colonies and uniflagellate zoospores were also observed. V. adhaerens had chloroplasts with nucleomorphs and pyrenoids that were completely embedded in the chloroplast. A deep plate-like invagination of the periplastidal compartment (PPC) almost partitioned the pyrenoid and chloroplast components, which were surrounded by two membranes...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634853/chloroplast-aggregation-during-the-cold-positioning-response-in-the-liverwort-marchantia-polymorpha
#16
Hiroyuki Tanaka, Mayuko Sato, Yuka Ogasawara, Noriko Hamashima, Othmar Buchner, Andreas Holzinger, Kiminori Toyooka, Yutaka Kodama
Under low-light conditions, chloroplasts localize along periclinal cell walls at temperatures near 20 °C, but they localize along anticlinal cell walls near 5 °C. This phenomenon is known as the cold-positioning response. We previously showed that chloroplasts move as aggregates rather than individually during the cold-positioning response in the fern Adiantum capillus-veneris. This observation suggested that chloroplasts physically interact with each other during the cold-positioning response. However, the physiological processes underlying chloroplast aggregation are unclear...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593530/erratum-to-two-early-eudicot-fossil-flowers-from-the-kamikitaba-assemblage-coniacian-late-cretaceous-in-northeastern-japan
#17
Masamichi Takahashi, Patrick S Herendeen, Xianghui Xiao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550412/differential-expression-of-poplar-sucrose-nonfermenting1-related-protein-kinase-2-genes-in-response-to-abiotic-stress-and-abscisic-acid
#18
Xiang Yu, Arika Takebayashi, Taku Demura, Misato Ohtani
Knowledge on the responses of woody plants to abiotic stress can inform strategies to breed improved tree varieties and to manage tree species for environmental conservation and the production of lignocellulosic biomass. In this study, we examined the expression patterns of poplar (Populus trichocarpa) genes encoding members of the sucrose nonfermenting1-related protein kinase 2 (SnRK2) family, which are core components of the abiotic stress response. The P. trichocarpa genome contains twelve SnRK2 genes (PtSnRK2...
September 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536983/temporal-dynamics-and-vertical-variations-in-stem-co2-efflux-of-styphnolobium-japonicum
#19
Fengsen Han, Xiaolin Wang, Hongxuan Zhou, Yuanzheng Li, Dan Hu
CO2 efflux (ECO2) from stems and branches is highly variable within trees. To investigate the mechanisms underlying the temporal dynamics and vertical variations in ECO2, we measured the stem ECO2 by infrared gas analysis (IRGA) and meteorological conditions at 10 different heights from 0.1 to 3.7 m aboveground on two consecutive days every month for 1 year in six Styphnolobium japonicum trees with a similar size. The results indicated that the seasonal change in ECO2 roughly followed the seasonal variations in woody tissue temperature (TW) and stem radial diameter increment (Di)...
September 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536982/cytogenetic-evidences-on-the-evolutionary-relationships-between-the-tetraploids-of-the-section-rhizomatosae-and-related-diploid-species-arachis-leguminosae
#20
Alejandra Marcela Ortiz, Germán Robledo, Guillermo Seijo, José Francisco Montenegro Valls, Graciela Inés Lavia
Rhizomatosae is a taxonomic section of the South American genus Arachis, whose diagnostic character is the presence of rhizomes in all its species. This section is of particular evolutionary interest because it has three polyploid (A. pseudovillosa, A. nitida and A. glabrata, 2n = 4x = 40) and only one diploid (A. burkartii, 2n = 2x = 20) species. The phylogenetic relationships of these species as well as the polyploidy nature and the origin of the tetraploids are still controversial. The present study provides an exhaustive analysis of the karyotypes of all rhizomatous species and six closely related diploid species of the sections Erectoides and Procumbentes by cytogenetic mapping of DAPI/CMA heterochromatin bands and 5S and 18-26S rDNA loci...
September 2017: Journal of Plant Research
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