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Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Jamal Kheyi, Abdelilah BenelmekkI, Hicham Bouzelmat, Ali Chaib
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Giuseppe Damiano Sanna, Giuseppe Talanas, Giuseppina Fiore, Antonella Canu, Pierfranco Terrosu
Pheochromocytoma is a rare neuroendocrine tumor with a highly variable clinical presentation. The serious and potentially lethal cardiovascular complications of these tumors are related to the effects of secreted catecholamines. We describe a case of a 50-year-old woman urgently admitted to our hospital because of symptoms and clinical and instrumental findings consistent with an acute coronary syndrome complicated by acute heart failure. Urgent coronary angiography showed normal coronary arteries. During her hospital stay, the recurrence of episodes characterized by a sudden increase in blood pressure, cold sweating, and nausea allowed us to hypothesize a pheochromocytoma...
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Yashwant Agrawal, Sourabh Aggarwal, Jagadeesh K Kalavakunta, Vishal Gupta
Brugada syndrome (BS), a life-threatening channelopathy associated with reduced inward sodium current due to dysfunctional sodium channels, is characterized by ST-segment elevation with downsloping "coved type" (type 1) or "saddle back" (type 2) pattern in V1-V3 precordial chest leads (1, 2). Brugada phenocopy, a term describing conditions inducing Brugada-like pattern of electrocardiogram (EKG) manifestations in patients without true BS, is an emerging condition (3). We describe a case series of Brugada phenocopy with hyponatremia...
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Yashwant Agrawal, Monoj Konda, Jagadeesh K Kalavakunta
Complications of valvular infective endocarditis involving the peri-annular region puts the patient at a significantly high risk of adverse outcomes including heart failure and death. The "mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa" is relatively avascular and offers little resistance to the spread of abscesses, aneurysm, and fistula formation. Aorto-cavitary fistulous tract formation in the setting of native valve infective endocarditis is associated with higher rates of heart failure, ventricular septal defect, and atrioventricular block than nonruptured abscesses...
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Adil H Al Kindi, Faiza A Al Kindi, Qasim S Al Abri, Nasser A Al Kemyani
72-year-old hypertensive presented with two weeks history of left sided chest pain and hoarseness. Workup demonstrated a pseudoaneurysm in the lesser curvature of the distal aortic arch opposite the origin of the left subclavian artery from a penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer. Following a left carotid-subclavian bypass, endovascular stenting of the aorta was performed excluding the pseudoaneurysm. Patient had excellent angiographic results post-stenting. Follow up at 12 weeks demonstrated complete resolution of his symptoms and good stent position with no endo-leak...
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Salma Charfeddine, Dorra Abid, Faten Triki, Souad Mallek, Leila Abid, Samir Kammoun, Ayman Dammak, Imed Frikha
We reported a rare case of non-penetrating chest trauma-induced fistula from the right sinus of Valsalva to the right heart chambers. The ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm was diagnosed preoperatively and operated on successfully. The rarity of this case highlights the need for a precise preoperative diagnosis, the role of transthoracic echocardiography, and the importance of a prompt surgical management.
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Prashanth Panduranga, Abdulla Amour Riyami
In the absence of other associated cardiac anomalies, single coronary artery (SCA) per se is a rare anomaly detected during coronary angiography or autopsy. Various types of SCA detected during coronary angiography have already been described. We herein report a type of SCA originating from the right sinus of Valsalva, with the right circumflex, left circumflex, and left anterior descending coronary arteries arising from the proximal part of the SCA in a 76-year-old female patient. She developed ventricular fibrillation during coronary angiography, which calls for caution while performing a coronary angiogram in such patients...
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Mona Adel, Ayman ELSheikh, Sameh Sameer, Waiel Haseeb, Eman ELSheikh, Lamia Kheder
UNLABELLED: Arterial stiffness is increasingly recognized as an important determinant of cardiovascular risk and may be directly involved in the process of atherosclerosis. As atherosclerosis leads to increased arterial resistance and decrease the flow propagation speed within the arterial lumen, a similar decrease in aortic flow propagation with increased downstream resistance is detected, so aortic flow propagation velocity AVP was evaluated in many studies as a new parameter of aortic stiffness...
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Bana Agha Nasser, Julinar Idris, Abdu Rahman Mesned, Tageldein Mohamad, Mohamed S Kabbani, Ali Alakfash
BACKGROUND: Outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children with congenital heart disease have improved and many children have survived after an in-hospital cardiac arrest. AIM: The purpose of this study is to determine predictors of poor outcome after CPR in critical children undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review and data analysis of all CPR records and charts of all postoperative cardiac children who had a cardiac arrest and required resuscitation from 2011 until 2015...
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Sarah M Alyousif, Ahmed A Alsaileek
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common chronic rhythm disorder. Patients with AF are at an increased risk of ischemic stroke. Therefore, optimal anticoagulation is essential to reduce the risk of stroke. The aim of this study was to assess the level of anticoagulation control achieved in patients with nonvalvular AF receiving medical care in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study in ambulatory care clinics at tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia...
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Alqasem F Al Mosa, Aamir Omair, Ahmed A Arifi, Hani K Najm
OBJECTIVES: Mitral valve replacement with either a bioprosthetic or a mechanical valve is the treatment of choice for severe mitral stenosis. However, choosing a valve implant type is still a subject of debate. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the early and late outcomes of mitral valve replacement [mechanical (MMV) vs. bioprosthetic (BMV)] for severe mitral stenosis. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on data involving mitral stenosis patients who have undergone mitral valve replacement with either BMV (n = 50) or MMV (n = 145) valves from 1999 to 2012...
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Aly Makram Habib, Ahmed Yehia Mousa, Zohair Al-Halees
UNLABELLED: A retrospective observational study to review the safety and efficacy of rFVIIa in persistent hemorrhage in post cardiac surgical patients. METHODS: Patients who had bleeding of 3 ml/kg/h or more for 2 consecutive hours after cardiac surgery were arranged into two groups; control group, who received conventional treatment and rFVIIa group, who received conventional treatment and rFVIIa. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in demographic and surgical characteristics of both groups...
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Paul Sergeant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Mohammed A Al Shehri, Ali A Youssef
A 35-year-old man of average build and a smoker, with a background of a psychiatric disorder, was brought by his neighbor to the emergency department after an hour of severe chest pain. Upon arrival at the hospital he had cardiac arrest, was resuscitated, and moved to the catheterization laboratory with inferior, posterior, and lateral myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography showed an unusual thrombosis in multiple coronary branches. Toxicology report showed high levels of amphetamines and benzodiazepines in the patient's original blood sample...
July 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Yashwant Agrawal, Vishal Gupta
We report the case of a 19-year-old man with a history of Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS), which was diagnosed when he had a Stanford type A aortic dissection. He also had multiple aneurysms including ones in the innominate, right common carotid, and right internal mammary arteries. He had had multiple procedures including Bentall's procedure, repeat sternotomy with complete arch and valve replacement, and coil embolization of internal mammary artery aneurysm in the past. His LDS was characterized by gene mutation for transforming growth factor-β receptor 1...
July 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Abdullah A Alghamdi, Fahad M Al-Habshan
We report a case of a 46-day-old boy who was diagnosed with transposition of the great arteries and underwent arterial switch operation. A large neoaortic pseudoaneurysm was diagnosed on the first postoperative follow up. Successful repair of the aneurysm was done and at the 3-year follow up, the child's clinical and imaging findings remain normal.
July 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Christopher P Jordan, John P Costello, Kendal M Endicott, Christine Reyes, Thomas J Hougen, Susan D Cummings, Dilip S Nath
The following report describes the case of newborn girl with an asymptomatic systolic murmur, which on imaging revealed a nearly obstructive mass in the left-ventricular outflow tract. The mass was resected and found to be consistent with a rhabdomyoma. Here, we describe the pathologic and clinical characteristics of this tumor.
July 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Yashwant Agrawal, Jagadeesh K Kalavakunta, Vishal Gupta
We report a case of a 38-year-old-man who presented with altered mental status. The patient was diagnosed with infective endocarditis (IE) originating from the GORE HELEX septal occluder device, which was placed 15 months earlier for symptomatic atrial septal defect. Brain imaging revealed shower emboli phenomena from the known IE. The patient developed hydrocephalus for which external ventriculostomy was performed. Improved neurological status warranted open heart surgery. The patient was later confirmed to be an intravenous drugs abuser, prejudicing IE...
July 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Usama M Alkholy, Ihab A Ahmed, Nehad A Karam, Yasser Fathy Ali, Ahmed Yosry
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases in children and adults. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the serum leptin level and the cardiac changes in normotensive obese children and to study the relationship between left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and serum leptin with the parameters of metabolic syndrome (MS) in obese children. METHODS: This study was conducted in al Jeddani Hospital and Ibn Sina College Hospital in Saudi Arabia in the period from July 2012 to December 2013, and included 82 obese children...
July 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Mustafa Serkan Karakas, Necmettin Korucuk, Veysel Tosun, Refik Emre Altekin, Fatih Koç, Sinan Cemgil Ozbek, Deniz Ozel, Cengiz Ermis
OBJECTIVES: Red cell distribution width (RDW) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are the two markers used to determine risk of mortality and adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction. The relationship between RDW, NLR, and left ventricular (LV) systolic functions has not been reported. In this report, we aimed to investigate the relationship between RDW, NLR, and LV systolic function in anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
July 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
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