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Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373791/transcatheter-coil-embolization-of-iatrogenic-coronary-artery-left-ventricle-fistula-after-mitral-valve-replacement
#1
Ata Firuzi, Mohammad Javad Alemzadeh-Ansari, Hamid Reza Pouraliakbar
Acquired causes of coronary fistulas are rare disorders and may develop following coronary atherosclerosis, infection, or trauma (iatrogenic). Iatrogenic coronary fistulas may be acquired secondary to surgical or nonsurgical interventions. We describe a case of an iatrogenic coronary artery-left ventricle fistula following mitral valve replacement surgery, presented with ventricular arrhythmia and heart failure. In a unique technique, we implanted three coils with the aid of a Scepter C balloon with inflation at the ostial portion of the left circumflex artery...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373790/rachitic-hypocalcemic-cardiomyopathy-in-an-infant
#2
Abdelwahab T H Elidrissy, Khalid M Alharbi, Mohammed Mufid, Ibrahim AlMezeni
Cardiomyopathy in infants is characterized by heart failure in apparently normal children without previous organic cardiac lesions. Cardiomyopathy has been found to comprise four types. Rickets is common in Saudi Arabia, that is why I reviewed this subject. Recently this case with classical features of rickets being admitted in a serious state we thought of publishing it. The infant responded well to treatment and full recovery was achieved. Follow up biochemistry, radiology cardiac function completely recovered and bony abnormalities showed evidence of healing...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373789/arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-with-biventricular-involvement-and-heart-failure-in-a-9-year-old-girl
#3
Fateh Ali Tipoo Sultan, Mehnaz Atiq Ahmed, Jamie Miller, Joseph B Selvanayagam
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is seldom recognized clinically in infancy or under the age of 10. We report a case of a 9-year-old girl with ARVC, who presented with signs and symptoms of heart failure and palpitations. Holter monitoring showed frequent premature ventricular beats and echocardiogram revealed dilated and dysfunctional right ventricle with normal tricuspid valve and no evidence of intracardiac shunt. Cardiac magnetic resonance showed classical features of ARVC with both ventricular involvements...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373788/infective-endocarditis-with-atypical-clinical-feature-and-relapse-by-abiotrophia-defectiva
#4
Ilkay Bozkurt, Metin Coksevim, Idris Bugra Cerik, Okan Gulel, Esra Tanyel, Hakan Leblebicioglu
A case of infective endocarditis caused by an uncommon agent Abiotrophia defectiva with atypical manifestations is presented. A 42-year-old woman previously had rheumatic heart disease, presented with the symptoms of fever and chills that resolved within 3 days under antibiotherapy. She was diagnosed with endocarditis due to A. defectiva. Despite culture-directed antibiotics being administered in the first admission, her symptoms and also blood culture growth relapsed 3 weeks later. She was successfully treated with antimicrobial therapy and surgical intervention including aorta and mitral valve replacement...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373787/multimodality-imaging-evaluation-of-a-primary-cardiac-lymphoma
#5
Paolo Ciancarella, Armando Fusco, Daniele Citraro, Massimiliano Sperandio, Roberto Floris
Primary cardiac lymphoma is a rare form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that involves the heart with extension to pericardium and great vessels. Prognosis is poor in the absence of a prompt diagnosis and adequate therapy. Differential diagnosis includes malignant neoplasms such as angiosarcoma or metastatic carcinoma and melanoma. Clinical manifestations may be heterogeneous. Multimodality imaging work-up represents the best method for tumor detection and evaluation of its size and extension: echocardiography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and nuclear imaging are the best imaging tools...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373786/ischemic-preconditioning-interruption-of-various-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Ahsas Goyal, Neetu Agrawal
Ischemic heart diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Reperfusion of an ischemic heart is necessary to regain the normal functioning of the heart. However, abrupt reperfusion of an ischemic heart elicits a cascade of adverse events that leads to injury of the myocardium, i.e., ischemia-reperfusion injury. An endogenous powerful strategy to protect the ischemic heart is ischemic preconditioning, in which the myocardium is subjected to short periods of sublethal ischemia and reperfusion before the prolonged ischemic insult...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373785/chronic-total-coronary-occlusion-recanalization-current-techniques-and-new-devices
#7
REVIEW
Jan-Erik Gülker, Lars Bansemir, Heinrich G Klues, Alexander Bufe
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of total chronic coronary occlusion (CTO) still remains a major challenge. The prevalence of a CTO has been reported to be up to 30% among patients with a clinical indication for coronary angiography. Progress has been made with further advanced interventional techniques and continuously sophisticated interventional tools. Nevertheless the number of interventions carried out to recanalize a CTO is less than 10% of all procedures. Benefits of a successful CTO recanalization include relief of angina pectoris and ischemia-related dyspnea, substantial improvement in left ventricular function and, avoidance of surgery treatment...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373784/left-ventricular-noncompaction-a-rare-form-of-cardiomyopathy-revelation-modes-and-predictors-of-mortality-in-adults-through-23-cases
#8
Iliyasse Asfalou, Sanae Boulaamayl, Maha Raissouni, Najat Mouine, Mohamed Sabry, Jamal Kheyi, Nawal Doghmi, Aatif Benyass
OBJECTIVES: To describe modes of clinical presentation and echocardiographic, angiographic, and rhythmic features, and prognostic characteristics of left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) in North African adults, through one of the first series in Morocco. BACKGROUND: LVNC is a rare congenital disorder, described for the first time by Engberding in 1984. The suspected diagnosis in thromboembolic, hemodynamic, or rhythm events requires both echocardiography and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR)...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373783/analysis-of-three-risk-stratification-systems-in-a-saudi-population
#9
Rami Abazid, Hanna Al Saqqa, Osama Smettei
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Although there are a number of algorithms in use for determining the risk of coronary artery disease and thus predicting future cardiovascular events, the data available regarding their validity among the Saudi population are insufficient. OBJECTIVE: We studied the validity of three clinical score systems in predicting a high risk population defined as having excessive coronary calcification: the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) Pooled Cohort Risk Equation, the Framingham Risk Score, and the European Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373782/congestive-heart-failure-disease-management-program-1-year-population-experience-from-a-tertiary-center-heart-failure-registry-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Khal Salem, Dania Fallata, Maha ElSebaie, Ahmad Montasser, Khaled ElGedamy, Osama ElKhateeb
AIMS: We aimed to evaluate congestive heart failure (CHF) multidisciplinary disease management program (DMProg) impact on mortality, readmission rates, length of stay (LOS), and gender health characteristics. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a quasi-observational, pre- and post-trial with a parallel nonequivalent group. We enrolled 174 inpatients having CHF with reduced ejection fraction and New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II-IV, and a total of 197 hospital admissions...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373781/the-prevalence-of-coronary-artery-anomalies-in-qassim-province-detected-by-cardiac-computed-tomography-angiography
#11
Osama A Smettei, Sawsan Sayed, Rami M Abazid
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) affect about 1% of the general population based on invasive coronary angiography (ICA) data, computed tomography angiography (CTA) enables better visualization of the origin, course, relation to the adjacent structures, and termination of CAAs compared to ICA. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our work is to estimate the frequency of CAAs in Qassim province among patients underwent cardiac CTA at Prince Sultan Cardiac Center. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the CTA data of 2235 patients between 2009 and 2015...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373780/drug-eluting-stents-or-balloon-angioplasty-for-drug-eluting-stent-associated-restenosis-an-observational-follow-up-study-of-first-time-versus-repeated-restenosis
#12
Mohamed Aboel-Kassem F Abdelmegid, Tarek A N Ahmed, Masashi Kato, Kenji Ando, Takenori Domei, Masashi Iwabuchi, Masakiyo Nobuyoshi
BACKGROUND: The treatment of patients with repeated drug-eluting stent-in stent restenosis (DES-ISR) remains a challenge and a burdensome clinical problem. METHODS: Over a 3-year period, 130 lesions in 123 patients who underwent target lesion revascularization (TLR) for DES restenosis were included in the study. They were classified into two main groups: the first group having first-time DES-ISR (n = 84), and the second group having rerestenosis of DES-treated DES-ISR (n = 39)...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373779/response-to-drug-eluting-stent-in-stent-restenosis-and-re-restenosis-a-hard-time-story
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373778/drug-eluting-stent-in-stent-restenosis-and-re-restenosis-a-hard-time-story
#14
Violeta Dinesch, Mihai Dinesch, Mircea Buruian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127223/irregular-wide-complex-tachycardia-in-a-young-man
#15
Jamal Kheyi, Ali Chaib
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127222/full-disclosure-unraveling-the-mystery-of-a-wide-complex-tachycardia
#16
Mohammed Zahrani, Kevin Wolfe, Colette Seifer
Wide complex tachycardia is not uncommon in patients with underlying structural heart disease and reduced ejection fraction. It is important to make the correct diagnosis as it carries prognostic and clinical implications. We present a case of a challenging wide complex rhythm detected on remote telemetry monitoring. This case outlines the differential diagnosis of a wide complex tachycardia and the clues to making a diagnosis of artifact. It highlights the importance of correct diagnosis as an incorrect diagnosis may lead to inappropriate treatments and unnecessary investigations...
January 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127221/embolization-of-a-septal-branch-perforation-using-subcutaneous-fat-during-a-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-of-chronic-total-occlusion-by-retrograde-approach
#17
Mohsen Mohandes, Sergio Rojas, Jordi Guarinos, Judit Rodríguez, Francisco Fernández, Cristina Moreno, Alfredo Bardají
We describe a case of septal branch perforation during percutaneous coronary intervention of a right coronary artery chronic total occlusion. The septal branch perforation was treated with administration of autologous fat into the septal branch with significant reduction of extravasation. This treatment was followed by prolonged balloon inflation at the exit point of the septal branch in the donor artery which definitively sealed the perforation.
January 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127220/three-dimensional-echocardiography-of-a-tricuspid-valve-papillary-fibroelastoma
#18
Atooshe Rohani, Leila Bigdelu, Mohammadhasan Nezafati, Vahid Akbari
Papillary fibroelastomas (PFE) on tricuspid valve (TV) are rare, accounting for fewer than 11% of all PFE. Most often they are asymptomatic, and detect on mitral valve. We report a case of a typical chest pain found to be due to papillary fibroelastoma of the tricuspid valve.
January 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127219/invasive-pericardial-hydatid-cyst-excision-of-multiple-huge-cysts
#19
Jignesh Kothari, Ketav Lakhia, Parth Solanki, Sahil Bansal, Hiren Boraniya, Himani Pandya, Himanshu Acharya
Cardiac hydatid cyst is rare even in endemic countries, and poses a therapeutic challenge due to varying presentation and unpredictable pre-, peri-, and postoperative complications. We herein present a case of multiple, multifocal, huge pericardial hydatid cyst, with invasion into the left ventricle and main pulmonary artery in a young male patient, presented with atypical chest pain.
January 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127218/recurrent-takotsubo-with-prolonged-qt-and-torsade-de-pointes-and-left-ventricular-thrombus
#20
REVIEW
Alaa Eldin K Ahmed, Abdulhalim Serafi, Nadia S Sunni, Hussein Younes, Walid Hassan
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as "takotsubo syndrome," refers to transient apical ballooning syndrome, stress cardiomyopathy, or broken heart syndrome and is a recently recognized syndrome typically characterized by transient and reversible left ventricular dysfunction that develops in the setting of acute severe emotional or physical stress. Increased catecholamine levels have been proposed to play a central role in the pathogenesis of the disease, although the specific pathophysiology of this condition remains to be fully determined...
January 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
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