Read by QxMD icon Read

Waste Management

Khushboo Kumari, S Suresh, S Arisutha, K Sudhakar
Anaerobic co-digestion has made a greater impact on the biogas production from mixing different type of waste. In this research, sewage sludge (SS) and cow manure (CM), was used as a primary waste along with kitchen waste (KW), yard waste (YW), floral waste (FW) and dairy wastewater (DWW) as co-substrate for anaerobic digestion. Mixtures with a ratio of 1:2 ratio is fed into a single stage up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor. Digestion was carried out in a mesophilic temperature range for 20 days...
May 16, 2018: Waste Management
R Saravanakumar, K Ramachandran, Lintu G Laly, P V Ananthapadmanabhan, S Yugeswaran
Aluminium dross, a waste generated from aluminium melting process, contains aluminium metal, aluminium oxide, aluminium oxy-nitride and impurities such as sodium chloride and potassium chloride. Since aluminium dross is land filled without treatment, it is hazardous to the environment. Conventional methods for the metal recovery from the recycling of aluminium dross involve chemicals and are time consuming. In this study, an attempt was made to treat aluminium dross using plasma arc melting process. The aluminium dross was melted and evaporated by the plasma arc established between a crucible anode and a rod type hollow cathode made of graphite...
May 16, 2018: Waste Management
Jesus D Fernandez-Bayo, Ramin Yazdani, Christopher W Simmons, Jean S VanderGheynst
The management of organic wastes is an environmental and social priority. Aerobic digestion (AED) or composting and anaerobic digestion (AD) are two organic waste management practices that produce a value-added final product. Few side-by-side comparisons of both technologies and their digestate products have been performed. The objective of this study was to compare the impact of initial feedstock properties (moisture content and/or C/N ratio) on stabilization rate by AED and AD and soil amendment characteristics of the final products...
May 14, 2018: Waste Management
Qingmei Liu, Qibin Li, Ning Wang, Dan Liu, Li Zan, Le Chang, Xuemei Gou, Peijin Wang
This study explored the effects and mechanisms of petroleum-contaminated soil bioremediation using aged refuse (AR) from landfills. Three treatments of petroleum-contaminated soil (47.28 mg·g-1 ) amended with AR, sterilized aged refuse (SAR) and petroleum-contaminated soil only (as a control) were tested. During 98 days of incubation, changes in soil physicochemical properties, residual total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH), biodegradation kinetics, enzyme activities and the microbial community were investigated...
May 10, 2018: Waste Management
Yuyan Huang, Haoxin Li, Zhengwu Jiang, Xiaojie Yang, Qing Chen
The aim of this work was to investigate the migration and transformation of sulfur in the municipal sewage sludge during disposal in cement kiln, and better understand the emission of the sulfur related pollutants in this process. In consideration of the temperature conditions in the practical operation, municipal sewage sludge was pre-dried at 105 °C, and then dried at 210, 260 and 310 °C, co-combusted with cement raw mill at 800, 900 and 1000 °C, and 1350, 1400 and 1450 °C respectively in the laboratory...
May 7, 2018: Waste Management
Diogo Appel Colvero, Ana Paula Duarte Gomes, Luís António da Cruz Tarelho, Manuel Arlindo Amador de Matos, Kamila Almeida Dos Santos
Municipal solid waste (MSW) management is a pressing concern for Goiás State, Brazil. Of the state's 246 municipalities, only 16 send their waste to licensed landfills. This means that 93% of the cities in Goiás dispose of their MSW inappropriately, in dumps or unlicensed landfills. This practice poses a danger to both the environment and to public health. On this basis, the goal of this study was to survey potential landfill sites in Goiás. A geographic information system tool was used to first identify Goiás landfills and dumps and then examine them, to check whether they are located in legally restricted areas...
May 4, 2018: Waste Management
Lin Xu, Maoliang Ling, Yiling Wu
China has experienced a rapid growth of solid waste over the years, household waste source-separation is becoming a nationwide strategy for promoting recycling economy and improving urban environmental sustainability. Waste separation, however, may end in failure due to the free-rider problem similarly existing in other pro-environmental collective actions. Along with the economic and sociological/social psychological logic respectively, this study tested the effects of economic incentive and social influence, which are theoretically considered as two general solutions to domestic waste separation dilemma...
May 4, 2018: Waste Management
Sabrina Stöckli, Michael Dorn, Stefan Liechti
This field study demonstrates that prompts reduce food waste in a restaurant. Based on the behavioral change literature, it was hypothesized that (1) informational prompts encourage consumers to reduce food waste, and that (2) an informational prompt with a normative message is more effective than a prompt with only an informative message. The results were mixed. As expected, diners who were exposed to prompts asked to take away their leftovers more frequently than diners who were exposed to no prompts. However, prompts with an informative and normative message were no more powerful than prompts with only an informative message...
May 3, 2018: Waste Management
Nils Johansson, Hervé Corvellec
This paper presents an analysis of European and Swedish national and municipal waste prevention plans to determine their capability of preventing the generation of waste. An analysis of the stated objectives in these waste prevention plans and the measures they propose to realize them exposes six problematic features: (1) These plans ignore what drives waste generation, such as consumption, and (2) rely as much on conventional waste management goals as they do on goals with the aim of preventing the generation of waste at the source...
April 30, 2018: Waste Management
Harri Niska, Ari Serkkola
Extensive monitoring data on waste generation is increasingly collected in order to implement cost-efficient and sustainable waste management operations. In addition, geospatial data from different registries of the society are opening for free usage. Novel data analytics approaches can be built on the top of the data to produce more detailed, and in-time waste generation information for the basis of waste management and collection. In this paper, a data-based approach based on the self-organizing map (SOM) and the k-means algorithm is developed for creating a set of waste generation type profiles...
April 30, 2018: Waste Management
Ahasa Yousuf, Juan-Rodrigo Bastidas-Oyanedel, Jens Ejbye Schmidt
Food waste landfilling causes environmental degradation, and this work assesses a sustainable food valorization technique. In this study, food waste is converted into lactic acid in a batch assembly by dark fermentation without pH control and without the addition of external inoculum at 37 °C. The effect of total solid (TS), enzymatic and aeration pretreatment was investigated on liquid products concentration and product yield. The maximum possible TS content was 34% of enzymatic pretreated waste, and showed the highest lactic acid concentration of 52 g/L, with a lactic acid selectivity of 0...
April 28, 2018: Waste Management
Rongxing Bian, Danhui Xin, Xiaoli Chai
Quantification of methane (CH4 ) oxidation and emission from landfill cover soils is important for evaluating measures to mitigate anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. In this study, a model that combines the multicomponent diffusive equation and Darcy's law, coupled with the dual Monod kinetic equation, was established to simulate CH4 transport, oxidation and emission in landfill cover soils. Sensitivity analysis was performed to illustrate the influence of model parameters on CH4 transport, oxidation and emission...
April 27, 2018: Waste Management
Du Changming, Shang Chao, Xiangjie Gong, Wang Ting, Wei Xiange
Metal-containing waste, a kind of new wastes, has a great potential for recycling and is also difficult to deal with. Many countries pay more and more attention to develop the metal recovery process and equipment of this kind of waste as raw material, so as to solve the environmental pollution and comprehensively utilize the discarded metal resources. Plasma processing is an efficient and environmentally friendly way for metal-containing waste. This review mainly discuss various metal-containing waste types, such as printed circuit boards (PCBs), red mud, galvanic sludge, Zircon, aluminium dross and incinerated ash, and the corresponding plasma methods, which include DC extended transferred arc plasma reactor, DC non-transferred arc plasma torch, RF thermal plasma reactor and argon and argon-hydrogen plasma jets...
April 27, 2018: Waste Management
M Reyes-Torres, E R Oviedo-Ocaña, I Dominguez, D Komilis, A Sánchez
Green waste (GW) is an important fraction of municipal solid waste (MSW). The composting of lignocellulosic GW is challenging due to its low decomposition rate. Recently, an increasing number of studies that include strategies to optimize GW composting appeared in the literature. This literature review focuses on the physicochemical quality of GW and on the effect of strategies used to improve the process and product quality. A systematic search was carried out, using keywords, and 447 papers published between 2002 and 2018 were identified...
April 27, 2018: Waste Management
Ardavan Yazdanbakhsh
Several pioneering life cycle assessment (LCA) studies have been conducted in the past to assess the environmental impact of specific methods for managing mineral construction and demolition waste (MCDW), such as recycling the waste for use in concrete. Those studies focus on comparing the use of recycled MCDW and that of virgin components to produce materials or systems that serve specified functions. Often, the approaches adopted by the studies do not account for the potential environmental consequence of avoiding the existing or alternative waste management practices...
April 27, 2018: Waste Management
Muhammad Abdulredha, Rafid Al Khaddar, David Jordan, Patryk Kot, Ali Abdulridha, Khalid Hashim
Major-religious festivals hosted in the city of Kerbala, Iraq, annually generate large quantities of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) which negatively impacts the environment and human health when poorly managed. The hospitality sector, specifically hotels, is one of the major sources of MSW generated during these festivals. Because it is essential to establish a proper waste management system for such festivals, accurate information regarding MSW generation is required. This study therefore investigated the rate of production of MSW from hotels in Kerbala during major festivals...
April 26, 2018: Waste Management
Subramanian Natarajan, Arvind B Boricha, Hari C Bajaj
Herein we report a low cost and eco-friendly approach for the recovery of metals from cathode and anode materials of mobile phone spent lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Li-based metal oxide and graphite were efficiently separated from their respective foils and used for lixiviation. Acetic acid (CH3 COOH) and water were used as lixiviants for the recovery of metals from cathode and anode materials respectively. It was found that with 3 M Acetic acid and 7.5 vol% H2 O2 as reducing agent 99.9% Li, 98.7% Co, and 99...
April 26, 2018: Waste Management
Difang Zhang, Wenhai Luo, Jing Yuan, Guoxue Li
This study investigated the performance of co-biodrying sewage sludge and organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) at different proportions. Cornstalk was added at 15% (of total wet weight) as the bulking agent. Results show that increasing OFMSW percentage promoted the biodegradation of organic matter, thus enhancing the temperature integration value and water removal to above 75% during sludge and OFMSW co-biodrying. In particular, adding more OFMSW accelerated the biodegradation of soluble carbohydrates, lignins, lipids, and amylums, resulting in more organic loss and thus lower biodrying index (3...
April 26, 2018: Waste Management
Yanqing Wang, Xiaohong Zhang, Wenjie Liao, Jun Wu, Xiangdong Yang, Wei Shui, Shihuai Deng, Yanzong Zhang, Lili Lin, Yinlong Xiao, Xiaoyu Yu, Hong Peng
China has become the largest generator of municipal solid waste (MSW) in the world with its rapid urbanization, population growth and raising living standard. Among diverse solid waste disposal technologies, MSW incineration has been becoming an attractive choice. In terms of systematic point, an integrated MSW incineration system should include an incineration subsystem and a bottom ash (BA) disposal subsystem. This paper employed an extend emergy assessment method with several improved indicators, which considers the emissions' impact, to evaluate the comprehensive performances of an integrated MSW incineration system...
April 25, 2018: Waste Management
J R McDougall, I R Fleming, R Thiel, P Dewaele, D Parker, D Kelly
Landfill reclaimed soil here refers to largely degraded materials excavated from old landfill sites, which after processing can be reinstated as more competent fill, thereby restoring the former landfill space. The success of the process depends on the presence of remaining degradable particles and their influence on settlement. Tests on salt-sand mixtures, from which the salt is removed, have been used to quantify the impact of particle loss on settlement. Where the amount of particle loss is small, say 10% by mass or less, settlements are small and apparently independent of lost particle size...
April 25, 2018: Waste Management
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"