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Marine Environmental Research

Anna L Campbell, Robert P Ellis, Mauricio A Urbina, Sulayman Mourabit, Tamara S Galloway, Ceri Lewis
The majority of marine invertebrate species release eggs and sperm into seawater for external fertilisation. Seawater conditions are currently changing at an unprecedented rate as a consequence of ocean acidification (OA). Sperm are thought to be particularly vulnerable to these changes and may be exposed to external environmental conditions for variable periods of time between spawning and fertilisation. Here, we undertook a mechanistic investigation of sperm swimming performance in the coastal polychaete Arenicola marina during an extended exposure to OA conditions (pHNBS 7...
June 16, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
J P J O'Carroll, R M Kennedy, A Creech, G Savidge
The effect of modified flow on epifaunal boulder reef communities adjacent to the SeaGen, the world's first grid-compliant tidal stream turbine, were assessed. The wake of the SeaGen was modelled and the outputs were used in conjunction with positional and substrate descriptor variables, to relate variation in epifaunal community structure to the modified physical environment. An Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Generalised Linear Model (GLM) were used to make predictions on the distribution of Ecological Status (ES) of epifaunal communities in relation to the turbulent wake of the SeaGen...
June 15, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Nicolas Pédron, Jessy Le Du, Grégory Charrier, José-Luis Zambonino-Infante, Nicolas Le Bayon, Rita P Vasconcelos, Vanessa F Fonseca, Fabienne Le Grand, Jean Laroche
A two months common garden experiment was carried out to explore the potential differences of energy metabolism in northern core (France, 50°N and 47°N) vs southern peripheral (Portugal, 41°N) populations of European flounder Platichthys flesus, submitted to cold condition (CC: water temperature = 10 °C) and to warm and hypoxic condition (WHC: water temperature = 22 °C, and moderate hypoxia with O2 saturation = 40% during the last 6 days). Convergent growth rates (in length) were observed in the different populations and conditions, when the southern peripheral population of Portugal did not grow under cold conditions...
June 15, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Cédric L Meunier, Antonia Liess, Agneta Andersson, Sonia Brugel, Joanna Paczkowska, Habib Rahman, Bjorn Skoglund, Owen F Rowe
Climate change predictions indicate that coastal and estuarine environments will receive increased terrestrial runoff via increased river discharge. This discharge transports allochthonous material, containing bioavailable nutrients and light attenuating matter. Since light and nutrients are important drivers of basal production, their relative and absolute availability have important consequences for the base of the aquatic food web, with potential ramifications for higher trophic levels. Here, we investigated the effects of shifts in terrestrial organic matter and light availability on basal producers and their grazers...
June 15, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Oju R Ibor, Aina O Adeogun, Azubuike V Chukwuka, Augustine Arukwe
We have investigated gross pathology, physiological (steroid precursors) and toxicological responses (oxidative stress and phase II biotransformation) in relation to tissue contaminant burden in Tilapia species along the entire length (320 km) of Ogun River, Nigeria. The Ogun River is the longest and largest river in Southwestern Nigeria located along heavily industrialized cities and receives complex mixtures of effluents. A total of 1074 tilapias were collected from three sampling points (Abeokuta, Isheri and Ikorodu) and from an upstream control point (Igboho) and evaluated for gross pathological changes, hepatic transcript levels for oxidative stress and phase II biotransformation responses...
June 8, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Marin Glad, Nevenka Bihari, Željko Jakšić, Maja Fafanđel
The aim of this study was to compare the capability of "passive" and "active" biomonitoring to determine the environmental pressure. For this purpose, PAHs content and several biological responses in resident and caged mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) at five sampling sites (Rijeka Bay, Adriatic Sea) were analsed. Resident mussels were found better in reflecting the level of PAH loads at particular sites while only caged mussels could detect input of HMW PAHs. When data of each investigated parameter were compared separately, the majority of differences between resident and caged mussels' results were site-specific...
June 8, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
A Iglikowska, J Najorka, A Voronkov, M Chełchowski, P Kukliński
In this study, 235 measurements of magnesium concentration in echinoderm's skeletons were compiled, including 30 species and 216 specimens collected from northern and western Barents Sea. We aimed to reveal the scale of Mg variation in the skeletons of Arctic echinoderms. Furthermore, we attempted to examine whether the Mg concentration in echinoderm skeletons is determined primarily by biological factors or is a passive result of environmental influences. We found that the Mg concentration in echinoderm skeletons was characteristic for particular echinoderm classes or was even species-specific...
June 6, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Piazzi Luigi, Ceccherelli Giulia
This study investigates whether eutrophication can affect the capacity of the canopy alga Cystoseira brachycarpa to impede or limit the spread of the introduced species Caulerpa cylindracea. By means of a manipulative field study (16 months long), the effects of nutrient enrichment and C. cylindracea removal were tested on the canopy-alga and the associated macroalgal community. Results highlighted deep changes through time due to nutrient enrichment, as C. brachycarpa decreased and Halopteris scoparia increased in cover...
June 6, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Lea-Anne Henry, Dan Harries, Paul Kingston, J Murray Roberts
Despite its long history of hydrocarbon exploitation, the United Kingdom lacks scientific protocols to monitor ecological impacts of drill cuttings (mixtures between rocky material excavated from wells and drilling mud). The present study used the UK Benthos industry database to apply standardised variance partitioning and measure the scale and persistence of these effects at 19 sites across the UK sector of the North Sea. Generally, effects were limited to within 1 km from the platform, but two platforms historically drilled with oil-based mud were impacted up to 1...
May 31, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Sharon E Hook, Frederieke J Kroon, Paul A Greenfield, Michael St J Warne, Rachael A Smith, Ryan D Turner
Resource managers need to differentiate between sites with and without contaminants and those where contaminants cause impacts. Potentially, transcriptomes could be used to evaluate sites where contaminant-induced effects may occur, to identify causative stressors of effects and potential adverse outcomes. To test this hypothesis, the hepatic transcriptomes in Barramundi, a perciforme teleost fish, (Lates calcarifer) from two reference sites, two agriculturally impacted sites sampled during the dry season, and an impacted site sampled during the wet season were compared...
May 31, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Márcia Cristina Costa Azevedo, Rafaela de Sousa Gomes-Gonçalves, Tailan Moretti Mattos, Wagner Uehara, Gustavo Henrique Soares Guedes, Francisco Gerson Araújo
Several species of marine fish use different coastal systems especially during their early development. However, these habitats are jeopardized by anthropogenic influences threatening the success of fish populations, and urgent measures are needed to priorize areas to protect their sustainability. We applied taxonomic (Δ+) and functional (X+) distinctiveness indices that represent taxonomic composition and functional roles to assess biodiversity of three different costal systems: bays, coastal lagoons and oceanic beaches...
May 30, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Sarah Caronni, Chiara Calabretti, Gianluca Cavagna, Giulia Ceccherelli, Maria Anna Delaria, Giovanni Macri, Augusto Navone, Pieraugusto Panzalis
The benthic mucilage producing microalga Chrysophaeum taylorii Lewis and Bryan (Pelagophyceae) has recently received attention for its rapid spread in the Mediterranean Sea, where its blooms have remarkable detrimental effects. So far no information on C. taylorii response to multiple stressors, especially in terms of mucilage hyperproduction, is available in the literature yet, and a manipulative field experiment in this topic was designed in Tavolara Punta Coda Cavallo Marine Protected Area. The aim of the study was to test the effects of nutrient enrichment (addition of nutrients), mechanical disturbance (partial and total benthic organisms removal) and hydrodynamics (increased water turbulence) on C...
May 30, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Nana Liu, Shanying Tong, Xiangqi Yi, Yan Li, Zhenzhen Li, Hangbin Miao, Tifeng Wang, Futian Li, Dong Yan, Ruiping Huang, Yaping Wu, David A Hutchins, John Beardall, Minhan Dai, Kunshan Gao
A mesocosm experiment was conducted in Wuyuan Bay (Xiamen), China, to investigate the effects of elevated pCO2 on bloom formation by phytoplankton species previously studied in laboratory-based ocean acidification experiments, to determine if the indoor-grown species performed similarly in mesocosms under more realistic environmental conditions. We measured biomass, primary productivity and particulate organic carbon (POC) as well as particulate organic nitrogen (PON). Phaeodactylum tricornutum outcompeted Thalassiosira weissflogii and Emiliania huxleyi, comprising more than 99% of the final biomass...
May 27, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Ana C Braga, Sandra Lage, Mário Pacheco, Sara Rydberg, Pedro R Costa
The native Ruditapes decussatus and the non-indigenous Ruditapes philippinarum are an important target of shellfish industries. The aim of this study was to compare an invader with a native species living in sympatry in the view of marine biotoxins accumulation. Samples were analysed for regulated and non-regulated biotoxins. The consistently occurrence of okadaic acid-group toxins and BMAA, may cause human health problems and economical losses. A strong positive relationship was observed between species, with significantly higher DSP toxicity in R...
May 11, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Thirumahal Muthukrishnan, Sergey Dobretsov, Mario De Stefano, Raeid M M Abed, Barry Kidd, Alistair A Finnie
Little is known about the effect of commercial biocidal fouling control coatings on fouling diatom communities and their growth forms after long periods of exposure in the marine tropical environment. The current study investigated the abundance and composition of fouling diatom communities developed on 11 commercially available biocidal antifouling coatings, covering the three main technology types in recent historic use (Self-Polishing Copolymers, Self-Polishing Hybrid and Controlled Depletion Polymers) after one year of static immersion at two locations in Muscat, Oman (Marina Shangri La and Marina Bandar Rowdha)...
May 4, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Carlos Navarro-Barranco, Caroline L McNeill, Claire E Widdicombe, Jose M Guerra-García, Stephen Widdicombe
The processes and patterns seen in coastal benthic communities can be strongly influenced by the overlying pelagic environmental conditions. Integrating long-term biological and environmental data (both benthic and pelagic) can give insight into the specific relationships between key benthic functional groups and natural temporal changes in the marine environment. The identity and abundance of amphipod species found at Station L4 (Western English Channel) were tracked for 7 years (2008-2014), whilst simultaneously, annual changes in phytoplankton biomass, water temperature, salinity and chlorophyll a concentration were also characterized...
April 27, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Marci Smeltz, Laura Rowland-Faux, Céline Ghiran, William F Patterson, Steven B Garner, Alan Beers, Quentin Mièvre, Andrew S Kane, Margaret O James
Following the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill, concerns were raised regarding exposure of fish to crude oil components, particularly polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). This three year study examined hepatic enzymes in post-mitochondrial supernatant fractions from red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus) and gray triggerfish (Balistes capriscus) collected in the north central Gulf of Mexico between 2011 and 2014. Biomarker activities evaluated included benzo(a)pyrene hydroxylase (AHH), ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD), glutathione transferase (GST), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx)...
April 27, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Blanca Figuerola, Carlos Angulo-Preckler, Laura Núñez-Pons, Juan Moles, Laura Sala-Comorera, Cristina García-Aljaro, Anicet R Blanch, Conxita Avila
Bryozoans are among the most abundant and diverse members of the Antarctic benthos, however the role of bioactive metabolites in ecological interactions has been scarcely studied. To extend our knowledge about the chemical ecology of Antarctic bryozoans, crude ether extracts (EE) and butanol extracts (BE) obtained from two Antarctic common species (Cornucopina pectogemma and Nematoflustra flagellata), were tested for antibacterial and repellent activities. The extracts were screened for quorum quenching and antibacterial activities against four Antarctic bacterial strains (Bacillus aquimaris, Micrococcus sp...
April 27, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Sabine Gollner, Stefanie Kaiser, Lena Menzel, Daniel O B Jones, Alastair Brown, Nelia C Mestre, Dick van Oevelen, Lenaick Menot, Ana Colaço, Miquel Canals, Daphne Cuvelier, Jennifer M Durden, Andrey Gebruk, Great A Egho, Matthias Haeckel, Yann Marcon, Lisa Mevenkamp, Telmo Morato, Christopher K Pham, Autun Purser, Anna Sanchez-Vidal, Ann Vanreusel, Annemiek Vink, Pedro Martinez Arbizu
With increasing demand for mineral resources, extraction of polymetallic sulphides at hydrothermal vents, cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts at seamounts, and polymetallic nodules on abyssal plains may be imminent. Here, we shortly introduce ecosystem characteristics of mining areas, report on recent mining developments, and identify potential stress and disturbances created by mining. We analyze species' potential resistance to future mining and perform meta-analyses on population density and diversity recovery after disturbances most similar to mining: volcanic eruptions at vents, fisheries on seamounts, and experiments that mimic nodule mining on abyssal plains...
April 13, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Helena Veríssimo, Joana Patrício, Érica Gonçalves, Gustavo C Moura, José Etham L Barbosa, Ana M M Gonçalves
This study assessed the functional diversity (FD) of copepod communities along the environmental gradient of two tropical estuaries with different intensities of human impact - the environmentally protected "Mamanguape" and the urbanised "Paraiba". Different trait-based approaches were used: functional groups identification and description, and FD indices estimation. The results showed similar functional groups and functional indices between the two estuaries with some variability attributed to seasonality...
April 13, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
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