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Marine Environmental Research

Zhijun Dong, Tingting Sun
Rapidly rising levels of atmospheric CO2 have caused two environmental stressors, ocean acidification and seawater temperature increases, which represent major abiotic threats to marine organisms. Here, we investigated for the first time the combined effects of ocean acidification and seawater temperature increases on the behavior, survival, and settlement of the planula larvae of Aurelia coerulea, which is considered a nuisance species around the world. Three pH levels (8.1, 7.7 and 7.3) and two temperature levels (24 °C and 27 °C) were used in the present study...
May 16, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Annabelle Dairain, Xavier de Montaudouin, Patrice Gonzalez, Aurélie Ciutat, Magalie Baudrimont, Olivier Maire, Pierre-Yves Gourves, Guillemine Daffe, Alexia Legeay
Marine sediments are an important source of contaminants since they are susceptible to be remobilized to the water column. By modifying the physical and biogeochemical characteristics of sediments, bioturbation can influence contaminants remobilization. Within bioturbators, mud shrimp are considered as among the most influential organisms in marine soft-bottom environments. The physiological state of mud shrimp can be impaired by bopyrid parasites. The present study aims to evaluate the influence of bopyrid-uninfested and bopyrid-infested mud shrimp on sediment contaminants resuspension...
May 8, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Zelong Zhao, Yongjia Pan, Jingwei Jiang, Shan Gao, Hongjuan Sun, Ying Dong, Pihai Sun, Xiaoyan Guan, Zunchun Zhou
Bacteria are the most abundant organisms in natural environment and dominant drivers of multiple geochemical functions. Drawing a global picture of microbial community structure and understanding their ecological status remain a grand challenge. As a typical artificial process, aquaculture provides a large amount of foods and creates great economic benefits for human beings. However, few studies are aimed at the microbial community in the aquaculture environment of aquatic plants. We analyzed microbial communities from 21 water samples in a coastal aquaculture area during the whole cultural process of Undaria pinnatifida by using high-throughout sequencing of 16S rRNA gene...
May 8, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Ranjan Muthukrishnan, Peggy Fong
Local anthropogenic stressors such as overfishing, nutrient enrichment and increased sediment loading have been shown to push coral reefs toward greater dominance by algae. In a few cases this shift has been temporary, with the ability to recover to a healthy coral-dominated community after disturbance, suggesting some systems have considerable resilience. However, an understanding of the circumstances under which reefs may recover is only beginning to emerge. We monitored recovery of a coral-dominated reef in the Eastern Tropical Pacific (ETP) after cessation of a ∼6 month multiple stressor experiment (with herbivore exclosure, nutrient addition, and sediment addition)...
May 7, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
I Donázar-Aramendía, J E Sánchez-Moyano, I García-Asencio, J M Miró, C Megina, J C García-Gómez
This study assesses the effects of dredged material disposal in a recurrent marine dump near the Guadalquivir Estuary (south-western Spain). We compared the changes observed with two reference areas combining a classical ecological approach with new stable isotope techniques to analyse trophic structure. We detected permanent changes in the macrofaunal community structure as well as in the diversity and biotic indices applied, which showed higher values in the disposal area. The community in the marine dump had lost the natural temporal variations observed in the reference areas...
May 7, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
M Mayer-Pinto, K A Dafforn, A B Bugnot, T M Glasby, E L Johnston
Assessments of human impacts on natural habitats often focus on the abundance of component species, yet physiological and/or sub-lethal effects of stressors on functional attributes may be equally important to consider. Here we evaluated how artificial structures, an integral part of urbanisation in the marine environment, affects key functional properties of the habitat-forming kelp Ecklonia radiata. Given that stressors rarely occur in isolation, we assessed the effects of infrastructure across an urbanised estuary...
May 5, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Edward M Mager, Christina Pasparakis, John D Stieglitz, Ronald Hoenig, Jeffrey M Morris, Daniel D Benetti, Martin Grosell
This study examined potential interactive effects of co-exposure to Deepwater Horizon (DWH) crude oil (∼30 μg L-1 ΣPAHs) for 24 h and either hypoxia (2.5 mg O2 L-1 ; 40% O2 saturation) or elevated temperature (30 °C) on the swimming performance of juvenile mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus). Additionally, effects of shorter duration exposures to equal or higher doses of oil alone either prior to swimming or during the actual swim trial itself were examined. Only exposure to hypoxia alone or combined with crude oil elicited significant decreases in critical swimming speed (Ucrit ) and to a similar extent (∼20%)...
May 5, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Roberta Russo, Rosa Bonaventura, Marco Chiaramonte, Caterina Costa, Valeria Matranga, Francesca Zito
Lithium (Li), Nickel (Ni), and Zinc (Zn) are metals normally present in the seawater, although they can have adverse effects on the marine ecosystem at high concentrations by interfering with many biological processes. These metals are toxic for sea urchin embryos, affecting their morphology and developmental pathways. In particular, they perturb differently the correct organization of the embryonic axes (animal-vegetal, dorso-ventral): Li is a vegetalizing agent and Ni disrupts the dorso-ventral axis, while Zn has an animalizing effect...
May 5, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Federica Semprucci, Fabrizio Frontalini, Valentina Losi, Eric Armynot du Châtelet, Lucia Cesaroni, Roberto Sandulli, Rodolfo Coccioni, Maria Balsamo
Marine biologists have progressively increased their consciousness of the importance of meiofauna for the benthic domain in both temperate and tropical regions. After the 1998 bleaching, Maldivian reefs (Indian Ocean) have been regarded as a vulnerable ecosystem that must be carefully monitored. Accordingly, an extensive investigation of meiofaunal distribution in the reef slopes of the Maldivian archipelago has been carried out, taking into account geographical position, type of habitat (inner vs. outer slope), inclination and depth gradient...
May 5, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Rosa Bonaventura, Francesca Zito, Marco Chiaramonte, Caterina Costa, Roberta Russo
Many industrial activities release Nickel (Ni) in the environment with harmful effects for terrestrial and marine organisms. Despite many studies on the mechanisms of Ni toxicity are available, the understanding about its toxic effects on marine organisms is more limited. We used Paracentrotus lividus as a model to analyze the effects on the stress pathways in embryos continuously exposed to different Ni doses, ranging from 0.03 to 0.5 mM. We deeply examined the altered embryonic morphologies at 24 and 48 h after Ni exposure...
May 4, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Bushra Khan, Sandra M Clinton, Timothy J Hamp, James D Oliver, Amy H Ringwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
José L Varela, Elisa Rojo-Nieto, Joan M Sorell, Antonio Medina
Stable isotope analysis (δ13 C and δ15 N from liver and muscle) was used to assess trophic relationships between Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT) (Thunnus thynnus) and striped dolphin (SC) (Stenella coeruleoalba) in the Strait of Gibraltar (SoG). δ15 N values from ABFT muscle and liver tissues were significantly different from those of dolphin samples, but no for δ13 C values. Diet estimation by MixSIAR models from muscle and liver revealed that ABFT fed mainly on squids (Todaropsis eblanae and Illex coindetii)...
April 27, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Philjae Kim, Donghwan Kim, Tae Joong Yoon, Sook Shin
The bryozoan, Bugula neritina, is one of the most widespread sessile marine invasive species. Since its first discovery in Korea in 1978, the gradual increase in the distribution and abundance of this species resulted in a significant damage to growth of aquaculture. Environmental DNA (eDNA) is a potentially useful tool for species detection including rare, invasive and threatened native species. In this study, species-specific primers and probe were designed to amplify a 185-bp region based on mitochondrial COI of B...
April 27, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Jie Meng, Ting Wang, Li Li, Guofan Zhang
Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) distribute a steep gradient of environmental stress between intertidal and subtidal habits and provide insight into population-scale patterns and underlying processes of variation in physiological tolerance. In this study, 1-year-old-F1 oysters, collected from subtidal and intertidal habitats, were obtained after common garden experiment. Genetic differentiation and physiological responses under air exposure were examined to determine whether they had evolved into local adapted subpopulations...
April 26, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Eliseba García, José Carlos Hernández, Sabrina Clemente
Ocean warming and acidification are the two most significant side effects of carbone dioxide emissions in the world's oceans. By changing water, temperature and pH are the main environmental factors controlling the distribution, physiology, morphology and behaviour of marine invertebrates. This study evaluated the combined effects of predicted high temperature levels, and predicted low pH values, on fertilization and early development stages of the sea urchins Arbacia lixula, Paracentrotus lividus, Sphaerechinus granularis and Diadema africanum...
April 25, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Eliseba García, Sabrina Clemente, José Carlos Hernández
One of the most important environmental factors controlling the distribution, physiology, morphology and behaviour of marine invertebrates is ocean pH. In the last decade, the effects of decreasing ocean pH as a result of climate change processes (i.e. ocean acidification) on marine organisms have been target of much research. However, the effects of natural pH variability in the species' niche have been largely neglected. Marine coastal habitats are characterized by a high environmental variability and, in some cases, organisms are already coping with pH values predicted by the end of the century...
April 25, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
A Borrell, L Saiz, G A Víkingsson, P Gaufier, A López Fernández, A Aguilar
Global changes, and particularly the massive release of CO2 to the atmosphere and subsequent global warming, have altered the baselines of carbon and oxygen stable isotopic ratios. Temporal shifts in these baselines can be advantageously monitored through cetacean skin samples because these animals are highly mobile and therefore integrate in their tissues the heterogeneity of local environmental signals. In this study, we examine variation of δ13 C and δ18 O values in the skin of fin whales sampled over three decades in two different North Atlantic feeding grounds: west Iceland and northwest Spain...
April 25, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Roberto Buonomo, Rosa M Chefaoui, Ricardo Bermejo Lacida, Aschwin H Engelen, Ester A Serrão, Laura Airoldi
Climate change is inducing shifts in species ranges across the globe. These can affect the genetic pools of species, including loss of genetic variability and evolutionary potential. In particular, geographically enclosed ecosystems, like the Mediterranean Sea, have a higher risk of suffering species loss and genetic erosion due to barriers to further range shifts and to dispersal. In this study, we address these questions for three habitat-forming seaweed species, Cystoseira tamariscifolia, C. amentacea and C...
April 25, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
M Castro, J O Fernandes, A Pena, S C Cunha
The increasing production and consumption of Personal Care Products (PCPs), containing UV-filters and musk fragrances, has led to its widespread presence in the aquatic environment which can cause harmful effects to the aquatic organisms due to its intrinsic toxicity. This study aims to evaluate the degree of contamination of wild mussels along the entire Portuguese coastline, continually exposed in their habitat to different contaminants. For this purpose, approximately 1000 mussel specimens were sampled during one year in seven different locations, along the Portuguese coastline...
April 23, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Brianne K Soulen, Barney J Venables, David W Johnston, Aaron P Roberts
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are highly lipophilic components of brominated flame retardants that are environmentally persistent and bioaccumulate. PBDEs are taken up from the gastrointestinal tract and accumulate mainly in fat depots and liver tissues. Seal species inhabiting Arctic and sub-Arctic regions can have upwards of 30% of their body mass composed of blubber. When those blubber stores are mobilized for energy, stored toxicants are also released into circulation. Most studies reporting accumulation of PBDEs in seals have focused on harbor and grey seals with few examining harp and hooded seals...
April 22, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
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