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Marine Environmental Research

Raül Triay-Portella, Aitor Escribano, José G Pajuelo, Fernando Tuya
Ecologists aim at disentangling how species vary in abundance through spatial and temporal scales, using a range of sampling techniques. Here, we investigated the circadian rhythm of seagrass-associated decapod crustaceans through three sampling techniques. Specifically, we compared the abundance, biomass and structure of seagrass-associated decapod assemblages between the day and night using a hand net, an airlift pump and baited traps. At night, the hand-net consistently collected a larger total abundance and biomass of decapods, what resulted in significant diel differences, which were detected for the total biomass, but not for the total abundance, when decapods were sampled through an airlift pump...
January 5, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Ann M Tarrant, Samantha L Payton, Adam M Reitzel, Danielle T Porter, Matthew J Jenny
Estuarine organisms are subjected to combinations of anthropogenic and natural stressors, which together can reduce an organisms' ability to respond to either stress or can potentiate or synergize the cellular impacts for individual stressors. Nematostella vectensis (starlet sea anemone) is a useful model for investigating novel and evolutionarily conserved cellular and molecular responses to environmental stress. Using RNA-seq, we assessed global changes in gene expression in Nematostella in response to dispersant and/or sweet crude oil exposure alone or combined with ultraviolet radiation (UV)...
January 4, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Keita Kodama, Mitsuyasu Waku, Ryota Sone, Dai Miyawaki, Toshiro Ishida, Tetsuji Akatsuka, Toshihiro Horiguchi
Wind-induced upwelling of hypoxic waters containing hydrogen sulfide (H2S) sometimes causes mass mortalities of aquatic organisms inhabiting coastal areas, including the hypoxia-tolerant Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum. We examined the tolerance of Manila clam to H2S under controlled laboratory conditions. Larvae and juveniles obtained by artificial fertilization or from a wild population were exposed to normoxic or to hypoxic water with or without un-ionized H2S (concentrations, 0.2-52.2 mg/L). Twenty-four-hour exposure experiments revealed ontogenetic changes in the clam's tolerance to H2S exposure: tolerance was enhanced from the larval stages to juveniles just after settlement but was attenuated as juveniles grew...
January 2, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Eugenia T Apostolaki, Marianne Holmer, Veronica Santinelli, Ioannis Karakassis
We explored the sulfur dynamics and the relationships between sediment sulfur and nutrient pools, seagrass structural and physiological variables and sulfide intrusion in native (Posidonia oceanica, Cymodocea nodosa) and exotic (Halophila stipulacea) Mediterranean seagrasses at six sites affected by cumulative anthropogenic pressures to understand the factors controlling sulfide intrusion in seagrass. Sensitive indicators of seagrass stress (leaf TN, δ15N, TS, Fsulfide) were increased at several sites, implying that seagrasses are under pressure...
December 25, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Peter A Davey, Mathieu Pernice, Justin Ashworth, Unnikrishnan Kuzhiumparambil, Milán Szabó, Rudy Dolferus, Peter J Ralph
In this study we investigated the effect of light-limitation (∼20 μmol photons m-2 s-1) on the southern hemisphere seagrass, Zostera muelleri. RNA sequencing, chlorophyll fluorometry and HPLC techniques were used to investigate how the leaf-specific transcriptome drives changes in photosynthesis and photo-pigments in Z. muelleri over 6 days. 1593 (7.51%) genes were differentially expressed on day 2 and 1481 (6.98%) genes were differentially expressed on day 6 of the experiment. Differential gene expression correlated with significant decreases in rETRMax, Ik, an increase in Yi (initial photosynthetic quantum yield of photosystem II), and significant changes in pigment composition...
December 24, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Elena Romano, Luisa Bergamin, Giancarlo Pierfranceschi, Claudio Provenzani, Andrea Marassich
The use of benthic foraminifera as ecological indicators in submarine caves of temperate seas have never been studied before and it represents a new approach, verified by this research. The Bel Torrente submarine cave (Gulf of Orosei, Sardinia, Italy) was surveyed by GUE (Global Underwater Explorers) scuba divers in order to georeferencing the cave before positioning the sampling stations, from the entrance to 430 m inside the cave. A total of 15 water samples were collected to investigate abiotic parameters (temperature, salinity, pH) while 15 sediment samples were collected to analyze grain size and benthic foraminifera...
December 20, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Cyntia Ayumi Yokota Harayashiki, Amanda Reichelt-Brushett, Ken Cowden, Kirsten Benkendorff
Mercury is a known toxic metal, but studies on the effects of inorganic mercury ingestion in aquatic organisms are scarce. The present study aimed to investigate changes in feeding behaviour and biomarkers (lipid peroxidation, acetylcholinesterase, glutathione S-transferase and catalase activities) of yellowfin bream (Acanthopagrus australis) after ingestion of inorganic mercury (control: 0.2 mg kg-1, low: 0.7 mg kg-1, medium: 2.4 mg kg-1 and high: 6 mg kg-1) over 16 days. After 4 days, exposed fish attempted feeding more often, and showed a significantly lower eating success than controls...
December 20, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Katrin S Hoydal, Bjørn M Jenssen, Robert J Letcher, Maria Dam, Augustine Arukwe
Faroe Island pilot whales have been documented to have high body burdens of organohalogen contaminants (OHCs), including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), but low burdens of their respective hydroxylated metabolites (OH-PCBs and OH-PBDEs). The present study investigated the hepatic expression and/or catalytic activities of phase I and II biotransformation enzymes in relation to hepatic concentrations of target OHCs, including OH-PCBs and OH-PBDEs, in long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) from the Northeastern Atlantic...
December 19, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Toshihiro Onitsuka, Hideki Takami, Daisuke Muraoka, Yukio Matsumoto, Ayumi Nakatsubo, Ryo Kimura, Tsuneo Ono, Yukihiro Nojiri
This study assessed the effects of constant and diurnally fluctuating pCO2 on development and shell formation of larval abalone Haliotis discus hannai. The larvae was exposed to different pCO2 conditions; constant [450, 800, or 1200 μatm in the first experiment (Exp. I), 450 or 780 μatm in the second experiment (Exp. II)] or diurnally fluctuating pCO2 (800 ± 400 or 1200 ± 400 μatm in Exp. I, 450 ± 80, 780 ± 200 or 780 ± 400 μatm in Exp. II). Mortality, malformation rates or shell length of larval abalone were not significantly different among the 450, 800, and 800 ± 400 μatm pCO2 treatments...
December 19, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Antonio Calò, Christophe Lett, Baptiste Mourre, Ángel Pérez-Ruzafa, José Antonio García-Charton
The study of organism dispersal is fundamental for elucidating patterns of connectivity between populations, thus crucial for the design of effective protection and management strategies. This is especially challenging in the case of coastal fish, for which information on egg release zones (i.e. spawning grounds) is often lacking. Here we assessed the putative location of egg release zones of the saddled sea bream (Oblada melanura) along the south-eastern coast of Spain in 2013. To this aim, we hindcasted propagule (egg and larva) dispersal using Lagrangian simulations, fed with species-specific information on early life history traits (ELTs), with two approaches: 1) back-tracking and 2) comparing settler distribution obtained from simulations to the analogous distribution resulting from otolith chemical analysis...
December 19, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Luca Rugiu, Iita Manninen, Eva Rothäusler, Veijo Jormalainen
Climate change is threating species' persistence worldwide. To predict species responses to climate change we need information not just on their environmental tolerance but also on its adaptive potential. We tested how the foundation species of rocky littoral habitats, Fucus vesiculosus, responds to combined hyposalinity and warming projected to the Baltic Sea by 2070-2099. We quantified responses of replicated populations originating from the entrance, central, and marginal Baltic regions. Using replicated individuals, we tested for the presence of within-population tolerance variation...
December 18, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Jack H Laverick, Alex D Rogers
Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems (MCEs) may act as a refuge for impacted shallow reefs as some of the stressors affecting tropical reefs attenuate with depth. A less impacted population at depth could provide recruits to recolonise shallow reefs. Recently, disturbance has been reported on several mesophotic reefs including storm damage, biological invasions, and coral bleaching; calling into question the extent of deep reef refuges. We report on a reciprocal transplant experiment between shallow and mesophotic reefs in the Caribbean, which occurred during a period of coral bleaching...
December 18, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Ana Lígia Primo, Catarina Correia, Sónia Cotrim Marques, Filipe Martinho, Sérgio Leandro, Miguel Pardal
The physiological and nutritional condition of fish larvae affect their survival and thus, the success of estuaries as nursery areas. Fatty acid composition has been useful to determine fish nutritional condition, as well as trophic relationships in marine organisms. The present study analyses the fatty acid (FA) composition of fish larvae during spring and summer in the Mondego estuary, Portugal. FA composition, trophic markers (FATM) and fish nutritional condition was analysed for Gobiidae and Sardina pilchardus larvae and the relationships with the local environment evaluated...
December 9, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
R Muñoz-Lechuga, M Gutiérrez-Martínez, V Sanz-Fernández, A Gómez-Cabeza, R Cabrera-Castro
Beaches are dynamic transitional environments subject to numerous natural and anthropic alterations. In these ecosystems, the infralittoral-sublittoral macrofauna communities play a key role in the food web. The objective of this study was to compare macrofauna communities on six beaches on the Gulf of Cádiz coast, which were classified according to the anthropic alterations they support, and evaluate the influence of abiotic factors on the species distribution. Sampling was done in the infralittoral-sublittoral zone of each beach using a modified manual dredge...
December 7, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Irene Ballesta-Artero, Reneé Janssen, Jaap van der Meer, Rob Witbaard
The interest in Arctica islandica growth biology has recently increased due to the widespread use of its shell as a bioarchive. Although temperature and food availability are considered key factors in its growth, their combined influence has not been studied so far under laboratory conditions. We tested the interactive effect of temperature and food availability on the shell and tissue growth of A. islandica juveniles (9-15 mm in height) in a multi-factorial experiment with four food levels (no food, low, medium, and high) and three different temperatures (3, 8, 13 °C)...
December 6, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Neus Sanmartí, Laura Solé, Javier Romero, Marta Pérez
Facilitative interactions are important forces in shaping community structure and function, and understanding how they respond to environmental changes has become an increasing concern in ecology. Lucinid bivalves play a significant role in seagrass meadows, through a mutualism in which the seagrass provides habitat and oxygen via the roots, while the bivalves and their associated bacteria eliminate sulfides from pore water, improving thus plant performance. In this study, we evaluated how this mutualism is modified along a gradient of organic matter content in the sediment, in a coastal bay dominated by Cymodocea nodosa meadows...
December 5, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Ulla von Ammon, Susanna A Wood, Olivier Laroche, Anastasija Zaiko, Leigh Tait, Shane Lavery, Graeme Inglis, Xavier Pochon
Vessel hulls and underwater infrastructure can be severely impacted by marine biofouling. Knowledge on which abiotic conditions of artificial structures influence bacterial and eukaryotic community composition is limited. In this study, settlement plates with differing surface texture, orientation and copper-based anti-fouling coatings were deployed in a marina. After three months, biofouling samples were collected and bacterial and eukaryotic communities characterised using DNA metabarcoding. The copper anti-fouling coating treatments incurred the most significant compositional changes (p ≤ 0...
December 5, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Vanessa M Lopes, Rui Rosa, Pedro R Costa
Domoic acid (DA) is a neurotoxin that causes degenerative damage to brain cells and induces permanent short-term memory loss in mammals. In cephalopod mollusks, although DA is known to accumulate primarily in the digestive gland, there is no knowledge whether DA reaches their central nervous system. Here we report, for the first time, the presence of DA in brain tissue of the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) and the European cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis), and its absence in the brains of several squid species (Loligo vulgaris, L...
December 5, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Edson A Vieira, Augusto A V Flores, Gustavo M Dias
Historical processes affecting biological organization are rarely considered when predicting the effects of disturbance on community structure. In order to assess the relative importance of historical and post-disturbance conditions as determinants of community structure, we undertook reciprocal transplants, at different successional stages, of sessile communities developing at recreational piers that were previously observed to show contrasting fish predation pressure and settlement rate in the São Sebastião Channel, Brazil...
November 22, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Guang Gao, Jianrong Xia, Jinlan Yu, Xiaopeng Zeng
A classical red tide alga Skeletonema costatum was cultured under various nitrate levels to investigate its physiological response to nitrate enrichment combined with CO2 limitation. The higher nitrate levels increased content of photosynthetic pigments (Chl a and Chl c), electron transport rate in photosystem II, photosynthetic O2 evolution, and thus growth rate in S. costatum. On the other hand, the lower CO2 levels (3.5-4.4 μmol kg-1 seawater) and higher pH (8.56-8.63) values in seawater were observed under higher nitrate conditions...
November 14, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
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