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Marine Environmental Research

Carlos Díaz-Gil, Lucy Cotgrove, Sarah Louise Smee, David Simón-Otegui, Hilmar Hinz, Amalia Grau, Miquel Palmer, Ignacio A Catalán
Human pressure on coastal areas is affecting essential ecosystems including fish nursery habitats. Among these anthropogenic uses, the seasonal increment in the pressure due to leisure activities such as coastal tourism and yachting is an important environmental stressor in many coastal zones. These pressures may elicit understudied impacts due to, for example, sunscreens or other seasonal pollutants. The island of Majorca, northwest Mediterranean Sea, experiences one of the highest number of tourist visits per capita in the world, thus the surrounding coastal habitat is subject to high anthropogenic seasonal stress...
January 6, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
E Sampaio, I F Rodil, F Vaz-Pinto, A Fernández, F Arenas
Since the past century, rising CO2 levels have led to global changes (ocean warming and acidification) with subsequent effects on marine ecosystems and organisms. Macroalgae-herbivore interactions have a main role in the regulation of marine community structure (top-down control). Gradients of warming prompt complex non-linear effects on organism metabolism, cascading into altered trophic interactions and community dynamics. However, not much is known on how will acidification and grazer assemblage composition shape these effects...
January 6, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Steinar Sanni, Emily Lyng, Daniela M Pampanin, Mathijs G D Smit
The aim of this paper is to bridge gaps between biomarker and whole organism responses related to oil based offshore discharges. These biomarker bridges will facilitate acceptance criteria for biomarker data linked to environmental risk assessment and translate biomarker results to higher order effects. Biomarker based species sensitivity distributions (SSDbiomarkers) have been constructed for relevant groups of biomarkers based on laboratory data from oil exposures. SSD curves express the fraction of species responding to different types of biomarkers...
December 26, 2016: Marine Environmental Research
Steinar Sanni, Emily Lyng, Daniela M Pampanin
Offshore oil and gas activities are required not to cause adverse environmental effects, and risk based management has been established to meet environmental standards. In some risk assessment schemes, Risk Indicators (RIs) are parameters to monitor the development of risk affecting factors. RIs have not yet been established in the Environmental Risk Assessment procedures for management of oil based discharges offshore. This paper evaluates the usefulness of biomarkers as RIs, based on their properties, existing laboratory biomarker data and assessment methods...
December 20, 2016: Marine Environmental Research
Steinar Sanni, Carina Björkblom, Henrik Jonsson, Brit F Godal, Birgitta Liewenborg, Emily Lyng, Daniela M Pampanin
The aim of this study was to determine a suitable set of biomarker based methods for environmental monitoring in sub-arctic and temperate offshore areas using scientific knowledge on the sensitivity of fish species to dispersed crude oil. Threshold values for environmental monitoring and risk assessment were obtained based on a quantitative comparison of biomarker responses. Turbot, halibut, salmon and sprat were exposed for up to 8 weeks to five different sub-lethal concentrations of dispersed crude oil. Biomarkers assessing PAH metabolites, oxidative stress, detoxification system I activity, genotoxicity, immunotoxicity, endocrine disruption, general cellular stress and histological changes were measured...
December 20, 2016: Marine Environmental Research
Tiego L A Costa, M Grazia Pennino, Liana F Mendes
Ecological barriers are important determinants of the evolution and distributions marine organisms, and a challenge for evolutionary ecologists seeking to understand population structure in the sea. Dasyatis marianae is an endemic Brazilian species that indicates certain restrictions on its distribution probably due to marine barriers. In this study, Bayesian hierarchical spatial models, jointly with environmental and occurrence species data, are used to identify, which elements could generate these barriers on Dasyatis marianae distribution...
December 19, 2016: Marine Environmental Research
Mari Ochiai, Kei Nomiyama, Tomohiko Isobe, Tadasu K Yamada, Yuko Tajima, Ayaka Matsuda, Akira Shiozaki, Takashi Matsuishi, Masao Amano, Hisato Iwata, Shinsuke Tanabe
This study investigated the accumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and their hydroxylated and methoxylated analogues (OH-PBDEs and MeO-PBDEs) in the blood of harbor porpoises, Dall's porpoises, and finless porpoises stranded or bycaught in Japanese coastal waters and in the North Pacific Ocean. Moreover, we suggested the origins of these contaminants and the factors affecting their pattern of accumulation. Levels of PBDEs in Dall's porpoises were one order of magnitude greater than those in the other species...
November 5, 2016: Marine Environmental Research
Ketil Hylland, Matthew Gubbins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Sturve Joachim, Hultman T Maria, Wassmur Britt, Carney Almroth Bethanie
The North and Baltic Seas are heavily trafficked marine areas with extensive anthropogenic activities, including cargo and fishing vessels, waste dumping, oil platforms, industrial activities and contamination from coastal runoff. In order to evaluate the environmental health of these regions, we used the demersal fish dab (Limanda limanda) as a sentinel species. The current study used well-established biomarkers for PAH exposure and oxidative stress, measuring EROD activity, the acute antioxidant response as well as oxidation of proteins detected as protein carbonyl levels...
March 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Thierry Burgeot, Farida Akcha, Dominique Ménard, Craig Robinson, Véronique Loizeau, Christophe Brach-Papa, Concepción Martínez-Gòmez, Jérémie Le Goff, Hélène Budzinski, Karine Le Menach, Jérome Cachot, Christophe Minier, Katja Broeg, Ketil Hylland
The International workshop on Integrated Assessment of CONtaminants impacts on the North sea (ICON) provided a framework to validate the application of chemical and biological assessment thresholds (BACs and EACs) in the Seine Bay in France. Bioassays (oyster larval anomalies, Corophium arenarium toxicity assay and DR Calux) for sediment and biomarkers: ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, lysosomal membrane stability (LMS), DNA strand breaks using the Comet assay, DNA adducts, micronucleus (MN), PAH metabolites, imposex, intersex and fish external pathologies were analysed in four marine sentinel species (Platichthys flesus, Limanda limanda, Mytilus sp...
March 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Ketil Hylland, Craig D Robinson, Thierry Burgeot, Concepción Martínez-Gómez, Thomas Lang, Jörundur Svavarsson, John E Thain, A Dick Vethaak, Mattew J Gubbins
This paper reports a full assessment of results from ICON, an international workshop on marine integrated contaminant monitoring, encompassing different matrices (sediment, fish, mussels, gastropods), areas (Iceland, North Sea, Baltic, Wadden Sea, Seine estuary and the western Mediterranean) and endpoints (chemical analyses, biological effects). ICON has demonstrated the use of a framework for integrated contaminant assessment on European coastal and offshore areas. The assessment showed that chemical contamination did not always correspond with biological effects, indicating that both are required...
March 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Concepción Martínez-Gómez, Beatriz Fernández, Craig D Robinson, J Antonio Campillo, Víctor M León, José Benedicto, Ketil Hylland, A Dick Vethaak
Cartagena coastal zone (W Mediterranean) was chosen for a practical case study to investigate the suitability of an integrated indicator framework for marine monitoring and assessment of chemicals and their effects, which was developed by ICES and OSPAR. Red mullet (Mullus barbatus) and the Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) were selected as target species. Concentrations of contaminants in sediment and biota, and contaminant-related biomarkers were analysed. To assess environmental quality in the Cartagena coastal zone with respect to chemical pollution, data were assessed using available assessment criteria, and then integrated for different environmental matrices...
March 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Craig D Robinson, Lynda Webster, Concepción Martínez-Gómez, Thierry Burgeot, Matthew J Gubbins, John E Thain, A Dick Vethaak, Alistair D McIntosh, Ketil Hylland
Understanding the status of contaminants in the marine environment is a requirement of European Union Directives and the Regional Seas Conventions, so that measures to reduce pollution can be identified and their efficacy assessed. The international ICON workshop (Hylland et al., in this issue) was developed in order to test an integrated approach to assessing both contaminant concentrations and their effects. This paper describes and assesses the concentrations of trace metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls in sediments, mussels, and fish collected from estuarine, coastal and offshore waters from Iceland to the Mediterranean Sea...
March 2017: Marine Environmental Research
A Dick Vethaak, Timo Hamers, Concepción Martínez-Gómez, Jorke H Kamstra, Jasperien de Weert, Pim E G Leonards, Foppe Smedes
This study was carried out in the framework of the ICON project (Integrated Assessment of Contaminant Impacts on the North Sea) (Hylland et al., 2015) and aimed (1) to evaluate the toxicity of marine sediments using a battery of rapid toxicity bioassays, and; (2) to explore the applicability and data interpretation of in vitro toxicity profiling of sediment extracts obtained from ex situ passive sampling. Sediment samples were collected at 12 selected (estuarine, coastal, offshore) sites in the North Sea, Icelandic waters (as reference sites), south-western Baltic Sea and western Mediterranean during autumn 2008...
March 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Thomas Lang, Reinhard Kruse, Michael Haarich, Werner Wosniok
In the framework of the ICON project (Integrated Assessment of Contaminant Impacts on the North Sea), muscle tissue from a total of 135 common dab (Limanda limanda) (20-28 cm total length) was collected in seven offshore sampling areas in the North Sea, at Iceland and in the Baltic Sea during Aug/Sept and December 2008 for a chemical mercury speciation analysis by means of gas chromatography and detection by cold vapour atomic fluorescence spectroscopy (GC-CVAFS). There was a highly significant correlation between concentrations of methylmercury (MeHg(+)) and inorganic mercury (Hg(2+)) in individual fish, and the mean ratio of MeHg(+) compared to Σ Hg (MeHg(+) + Hg(2+)) was 94...
March 2017: Marine Environmental Research
U Kammann, F Akcha, H Budzinski, T Burgeot, M J Gubbins, T Lang, K Le Menach, A D Vethaak, K Hylland
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are environmental contaminants that pose significant risk to health of fish. The International Workshop on Integrated Assessment of Contaminant Impacts on the North Sea (ICON) provided the framework to investigate biomarker responses as well as contaminant concentrations side by side in marine ecosystems. Concentrations of the main PAH metabolites 1-hydroxypyrene, 1-hydroxyphenanthren and 3-hydroxybenzo(a)pyrene were determined in bile by HPLC with fluorescence detection...
March 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Ketil Hylland, Bjørn Borge Skei, Gunnar Brunborg, Thomas Lang, Matthew J Gubbins, Jérémie le Goff, Thierry Burgeot
Dab (Limanda limanda) and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) were collected from coastal and offshore locations in the Baltic (dab only), North Sea (haddock from one location only) and Iceland. Blood was analysed for DNA strand breaks using the comet assay and liver samples for DNA adduct concentrations. DNA strand breaks were at background levels in dab from the two Iceland locations and from the Dogger Bank. The highest levels were observed in dab from the Firth of Forth, Ekofisk and the German Bight. Hepatic DNA adducts in dab were highest at Ekofisk, in the Baltic and Dogger Bank, below detection limit in dab from Iceland and low in dab from the Firth of Forth and German Bight...
March 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Thomas Lang, Stephen W Feist, Grant D Stentiford, John P Bignell, A Dick Vethaak, Werner Wosniok
In the framework of the ICON project (Integrated Assessment of Contaminant Impacts on the North Sea), common dab (Limanda limanda) from seven offshore sampling areas in the North Sea, Icelandic waters and the western Baltic Sea were examined in 2008 for the presence of externally visible diseases and parasites (EVD), macroscopic liver neoplasms (tumours) (MLN) and histopathological liver lesions (LH). Methodologies applied followed standardised ICES and BEQUALM protocols. The EDV results revealed pronounced spatial variation, with dab from the central and northern North Sea sampling areas showing the highest disease prevalence...
March 2017: Marine Environmental Research
B P Lyons, J P Bignell, G D Stentiford, T P C Bolam, H S Rumney, P Bersuder, J L Barber, C E Askem, M E E Nicolaus, T Maes
The European Union Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires individual member states to develop a robust set of tools for defining eleven qualitative descriptors of Good Environmental Status (GES), such as demonstrating that "Concentrations of contaminants are at levels not giving rise to pollution effects" (GES descriptor 8). Adopting the recommendations of the ICES/OSPAR Study Group for the Integrated Monitoring of Contaminants and Biological Effects (SGIMC), we present a case study demonstrating how the proposed approach, using chemical contaminant (metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls) and biological effects (EROD, bile metabolites and pathology) data in different matrices (sediment and biota), could be used to contribute to the determination of GES in a region of the North Sea region off the east coast of the UK...
March 2017: Marine Environmental Research
Concepción Martínez-Gómez, Craig David Robinson, Thierry Burgeot, Matt Gubbins, Halldor P Halldorsson, Marina Albentosa, John P Bignell, Ketil Hylland, A Dick Vethaak
This study investigated whether general stress biomarkers in mussels can be applied as common first-tier biomarkers in regional biomonitoring programmes in the North Sea (including Iceland) and western Mediterranean Sea. Stress on Stress (SoS) and lysosomal membrane stability (LMS) biomarkers were analysed in resident mussels (Mytilus sp.) from 8 coastal sites and in transplanted mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from two Spanish Mediterranean coastal sites. The assessment of results, as input to pollution monitoring strategies, was performed jointly for LMS and SoS data from the two regions...
March 2017: Marine Environmental Research
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